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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 8722, 2020 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32457538

RESUMO

The Central Siberian Plateau is undergoing rapid climate change that has resulted in increased frequency of forest fires and subsequent alteration of watershed carbon and nutrient dynamics. Across a watershed chronosequence (3 to >100 years since wildfire) we quantified the effects of fire on quantity and composition of dissolved organic matter (DOM), stream water nutrient concentrations, as well as in-stream nutrient uptake. Wildfires increased concentrations of nitrate for a decade, while decreasing concentrations of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen (DOC and DON) and aliphatic DOM contribution for five decades. These post-wildfire changes in stream DOM result in lower uptake efficiency of in-stream nitrate in recently burned watersheds. Nitrate uptake (as uptake velocity) is strongly dependent on DOM composition (e.g. polyphenolics), ambient dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN), and DOC to DIN ratios. Our observations and experiments suggest that a decade-long pulse of inorganic nitrogen and a reduction of DOC export occur following wildfires in streams draining the Central Siberian Plateau. Increased fire frequency in the region is thus likely to both decrease DOM and increase nitrate delivery to the main stem Yenisei River, and ultimately the Arctic Ocean, in the coming decades.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 573: 1255-1264, 2016 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27185347

RESUMO

Periodical ground fires of high frequency in permafrost forest ecosystems of Siberia (Russian Federation) are essential factors determining quantitative and qualitative parameters of permafrost soil organic matter. Specific changes in physical and chemical parameters and microbial activity of permafrost soil mineral horizons of northern taiga larch stands were revealed after heating at high temperatures (150-500°C) used for imitation of different burn intensities. Burning at 150-200°C resulted in decreasing of soil pH, whilst heating at 300-500°C caused increase of pH compare to unheated soils. Water-soluble organic carbon concentration in permafrost soils heated at 150-200°C was much higher than that of unheated soils. All these changes determined soil microbial activity in heated soils. In particular, in soils heated at 300-500°C there was momentary stimulating effect on substrate-induced respiration registered and on basal respiration values in soils burned at 150°C and 300-400°C. Four-month laboratory incubation of permafrost soils heated at different temperatures showed stimulation of microbial activity in first several days after inoculation due to high substrate availability after heating. Then soon after that soil microbial community started to be depleted on substrate because of decreasing water-soluble organic carbon, C and N content and it continued to the end of incubation.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Compostos Orgânicos/metabolismo , Pergelissolo/química , Microbiologia do Solo , Tundra , Biodegradação Ambiental , Sibéria
3.
Plant Cell Environ ; 38(11): 2340-52, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25916312

RESUMO

Little is known about the dynamics of concentrations and carbon isotope ratios of individual carbohydrates in leaves in response to climatic and physiological factors. Improved knowledge of the isotopic ratio in sugars will enhance our understanding of the tree ring isotope ratio and will help to decipher environmental conditions in retrospect more reliably. Carbohydrate samples from larch (Larix gmelinii) needles of two sites in the continuous permafrost zone of Siberia with differing growth conditions were analysed with the Compound-Specific Isotope Analysis (CSIA). We compared concentrations and carbon isotope values (δ(13) C) of sucrose, fructose, glucose and pinitol combined with phenological data. The results for the variability of the needle carbohydrates show high dynamics with distinct seasonal characteristics between and within the studied years with a clear link to the climatic conditions, particularly vapour pressure deficit. Compound-specific differences in δ(13) C values as a response to climate were detected. The δ(13) C of pinitol, which contributes up to 50% of total soluble carbohydrates, was almost invariant during the whole growing season. Our study provides the first in-depth characterization of compound-specific needle carbohydrate isotope variability, identifies involved mechanisms and shows the potential of such results for linking tree physiological responses to different climatic conditions.


Assuntos
Metabolismo dos Carboidratos , Larix/metabolismo , Mudança Climática , Meio Ambiente , Frutose/química , Frutose/metabolismo , Glucose/química , Glucose/metabolismo , Inositol/análogos & derivados , Inositol/química , Inositol/metabolismo , Larix/fisiologia , Sibéria , Sacarose/química , Sacarose/metabolismo
4.
Izv Akad Nauk Ser Biol ; (1): 76-85, 2014.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25735159

RESUMO

Based on the results of long-term investigations, quantitative assessment ofphytodetrite mineralization rates is provided. Their role in the biological cycle of larch stands growing in the permafrost zone of Central Evenkia is discussed. It is demonstrated that their destruction in the subshrub-sphagnum and cowberry-green moss larch stands is extremely slow, the plant litter contains the most cecalcitrant organic matter demonstrating the lowest decomposition coefficient of 0.03-0.04 year(-1), whereas fresh components of the plant litter have 3- to 4-fold higher values. An insignificant input of N and C from the analyzed mortmass to the soil has been registered. It has been revealed that the changes in N and C in the decomposition components are closely related to the quantitative dynamics (biomass) of microorganisms, such as hydrolytics and, especially, micromicetes.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Florestas , Pergelissolo/microbiologia , Biomassa , Larix/química , Larix/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia , Sibéria , Solo/química , Sphagnopsida/metabolismo
5.
Izv Akad Nauk Ser Biol ; (2): 227-34, 2011.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21506397

RESUMO

The role of ground fires in transformation of organic substances in the ground cover of larch stands in the permafrost zone of Central Siberia was studied, as was the postfire restoration dynamics of organic substances. Ground fires lead to a considerable decrease in concentrations and resources of organic carbon and its individual fractions in the ground cover, and restoration takes many decades.


Assuntos
Carbono/análise , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Incêndios , Agricultura Florestal , Larix/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Solo/normas , Biomassa , Ecologia , Substâncias Húmicas/análise , Sibéria , Solo/análise
6.
Izv Akad Nauk Ser Biol ; (1): 95-104, 2010.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20238469

RESUMO

The impact of solifluction (soil-sliding) on soil and vegetation cover as well as their restoration during the period after the disturbance was analyzed in the continuous permafrost region of Central Siberia (Central Evenkia). The role of vegetation invading after a disturbance is demonstrated for accumulation of biogenic elements and soil development.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Solo , Regiões Árticas , Plantas/metabolismo , Sibéria
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