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1.
J Biol Chem ; 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350114

RESUMO

Z-DNA-binding protein 1 (ZBP1) is an innate immune sensor of nucleic acids that regulates both host defense responses and development. ZBP1 activation triggers inflammation and pyroptosis, necroptosis, and apoptosis (PANoptosis) by activating receptor-interacting Ser/Thr kinase 3 (RIPK3), caspase-8, and the NLRP3 inflammasome. ZBP1 is unique among innate immune sensors because of its N-terminal Zα1 and Zα2 domains, which bind to nucleic acids in the Z-conformation. However, the specific role of these Zα domains in orchestrating ZBP1 activation and subsequent inflammation and cell death is not clear. Here we generated Zbp1ΔZα2/ΔZα2 mice that express ZBP1 lacking the Zα2 domain and demonstrate that this domain is critical for influenza A virus (IAV)-induced PANoptosis and underlies the perinatal lethality in mice in which the RHIM domain of RIPK1 had been mutated (Ripk1mRHIM/mRHIM). Deletion of the Zα2 domain in ZBP1 abolished IAV-induced PANoptosis and NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Furthermore, deletion of the Zα2 domain of ZBP1 was sufficient to rescue Ripk1mRHIM/mRHIM mice from the perinatal lethality which is caused by ZBP1-driven cell death and inflammation. Our findings identify the essential role of the Zα2 domain of ZBP1 in several physiological functions and establish a link between Z-RNA sensing via the Zα2 domain and the promotion of influenza-induced PANoptosis and perinatal lethality.

2.
Elife ; 92020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32297854

RESUMO

The mitotic deacetylase complex (MiDAC) is a recently identified histone deacetylase (HDAC) complex. While other HDAC complexes have been implicated in neurogenesis, the physiological role of MiDAC remains unknown. Here, we show that MiDAC constitutes an important regulator of neural differentiation. We demonstrate that MiDAC functions as a modulator of a neurodevelopmental gene expression program and binds to important regulators of neurite outgrowth. MiDAC upregulates gene expression of pro-neural genes such as those encoding the secreted ligands SLIT3 and NETRIN1 (NTN1) by a mechanism suggestive of H4K20ac removal on promoters and enhancers. Conversely, MiDAC inhibits gene expression by reducing H3K27ac on promoter-proximal and -distal elements of negative regulators of neurogenesis. Furthermore, loss of MiDAC results in neurite outgrowth defects that can be rescued by supplementation with SLIT3 and/or NTN1. These findings indicate a crucial role for MiDAC in regulating the ligands of the SLIT3 and NTN1 signaling axes to ensure the proper integrity of neurite development.

3.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 912, 2020 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060266

RESUMO

Progressive ventricular enlargement, a key feature of several neurologic and psychiatric diseases, is mediated by unknown mechanisms. Here, using murine models of 22q11-deletion syndrome (22q11DS), which is associated with schizophrenia in humans, we found progressive enlargement of lateral and third ventricles and deceleration of ciliary beating on ependymal cells lining the ventricular walls. The cilia-beating deficit observed in brain slices and in vivo is caused by elevated levels of dopamine receptors (Drd1), which are expressed in motile cilia. Haploinsufficiency of the microRNA-processing gene Dgcr8 results in Drd1 elevation, which is brought about by a reduction in Drd1-targeting microRNAs miR-382-3p and miR-674-3p. Replenishing either microRNA in 22q11DS mice normalizes ciliary beating and ventricular size. Knocking down the microRNAs or deleting their seed sites on Drd1 mimicked the cilia-beating and ventricular deficits. These results suggest that the Dgcr8-miR-382-3p/miR-674-3p-Drd1 mechanism contributes to deceleration of ciliary motility and age-dependent ventricular enlargement in 22q11DS.

4.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 913, 2020 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060267

RESUMO

Aggressive cancers often have activating mutations in growth-controlling oncogenes and inactivating mutations in tumor-suppressor genes. In neuroblastoma, amplification of the MYCN oncogene and inactivation of the ATRX tumor-suppressor gene correlate with high-risk disease and poor prognosis. Here we show that ATRX mutations and MYCN amplification are mutually exclusive across all ages and stages in neuroblastoma. Using human cell lines and mouse models, we found that elevated MYCN expression and ATRX mutations are incompatible. Elevated MYCN levels promote metabolic reprogramming, mitochondrial dysfunction, reactive-oxygen species generation, and DNA-replicative stress. The combination of replicative stress caused by defects in the ATRX-histone chaperone complex, and that induced by MYCN-mediated metabolic reprogramming, leads to synthetic lethality. Therefore, ATRX and MYCN represent an unusual example, where inactivation of a tumor-suppressor gene and activation of an oncogene are incompatible. This synthetic lethality may eventually be exploited to improve outcomes for patients with high-risk neuroblastoma.

5.
CRISPR J ; 3(1): 12-14, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32091251
6.
Mol Cell ; 77(6): 1206-1221.e7, 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980388

RESUMO

Alternative polyadenylation (APA) contributes to transcriptome complexity by generating mRNA isoforms with varying 3' UTR lengths. APA leading to 3' UTR shortening (3' US) is a common feature of most cancer cells; however, the molecular mechanisms are not understood. Here, we describe a widespread mechanism promoting 3' US in cancer through ubiquitination of the mRNA 3' end processing complex protein, PCF11, by the cancer-specific MAGE-A11-HUWE1 ubiquitin ligase. MAGE-A11 is normally expressed only in the male germline but is frequently re-activated in cancers. MAGE-A11 is necessary for cancer cell viability and is sufficient to drive tumorigenesis. Screening for targets of MAGE-A11 revealed that it ubiquitinates PCF11, resulting in loss of CFIm25 from the mRNA 3' end processing complex. This leads to APA of many transcripts affecting core oncogenic and tumor suppressors, including cyclin D2 and PTEN. These findings provide insights into the molecular mechanisms driving APA in cancer and suggest therapeutic strategies.

7.
Sci Adv ; 5(5): eaav4832, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31149633

RESUMO

Ensuring robust gamete production even in the face of environmental stress is of utmost importance for species survival, especially in mammals that have low reproductive rates. Here, we describe a family of genes called melanoma antigens (MAGEs) that evolved in eutherian mammals and are normally restricted to expression in the testis (http://MAGE.stjude.org) but are often aberrantly activated in cancer. Depletion of Mage-a genes disrupts spermatogonial stem cell maintenance and impairs repopulation efficiency in vivo. Exposure of Mage-a knockout mice to genotoxic stress or long-term starvation that mimics famine in nature causes defects in spermatogenesis, decreased testis weights, diminished sperm production, and reduced fertility. Last, human MAGE-As are activated in many cancers where they promote fuel switching and growth of cells. These results suggest that mammalian-specific MAGE genes have evolved to protect the male germline against environmental stress, ensure reproductive success under non-optimal conditions, and are hijacked by cancer cells.

8.
Mol Cell ; 74(4): 742-757.e8, 2019 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30979586

RESUMO

Disturbances in autophagy and stress granule dynamics have been implicated as potential mechanisms underlying inclusion body myopathy (IBM) and related disorders. Yet the roles of core autophagy proteins in IBM and stress granule dynamics remain poorly characterized. Here, we demonstrate that disrupted expression of the core autophagy proteins ULK1 and ULK2 in mice causes a vacuolar myopathy with ubiquitin and TDP-43-positive inclusions; this myopathy is similar to that caused by VCP/p97 mutations, the most common cause of familial IBM. Mechanistically, we show that ULK1/2 localize to stress granules and phosphorylate VCP, thereby increasing VCP's activity and ability to disassemble stress granules. These data suggest that VCP dysregulation and defective stress granule disassembly contribute to IBM-like disease in Ulk1/2-deficient mice. In addition, stress granule disassembly is accelerated by an ULK1/2 agonist, suggesting ULK1/2 as targets for exploiting the higher-order regulation of stress granules for therapeutic intervention of IBM and related disorders.


Assuntos
Proteína Homóloga à Proteína-1 Relacionada à Autofagia/genética , Doenças por Armazenamento dos Lisossomos/genética , Doenças Musculares/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteína com Valosina/genética , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Animais , Autofagia/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Corpos de Inclusão/genética , Corpos de Inclusão/patologia , Doenças por Armazenamento dos Lisossomos/metabolismo , Doenças por Armazenamento dos Lisossomos/patologia , Camundongos , Doenças Musculares/metabolismo , Doenças Musculares/patologia , Fosforilação/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Ubiquitina/genética
9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 4194, 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30862905

RESUMO

CRISPR-Cas9 technology allows the creation of user-defined genomic modifications in cells and whole organisms. However, quantifying editing rates in pools of cells or identifying correctly edited clones is tedious. Targeted next-generation sequencing provides a high-throughput platform for optimizing editing reagents and identifying correctly modified clones, but the large amount of data produced can be difficult to analyze. Here, we present CRIS.py, a simple and highly versatile python-based program which concurrently analyzes next-generation sequencing data for both knock-out and multiple user-specified knock-in modifications from one or many edited samples. Compared to available NGS analysis programs for CRISPR based-editing, CRIS.py has many advantages: (1) the ability to analyze from one to thousands of samples at once, (2) the capacity to check each sample for multiple sequence modifications, including those induced by base-editors, (3) an output in an easily searchable file format enabling users to quickly sort through and identify correctly targeted clones.

10.
Compr Physiol ; 9(2): 665-714, 2019 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30873595

RESUMO

Genome engineering using programmable nucleases is a rapidly evolving technique that enables precise genetic manipulations within complex genomes. Although this technology first surfaced with the creation of meganucleases, zinc finger nucleases, and transcription activator-like effector nucleases, CRISPR-Cas9 has been the most widely adopted platform because of its ease of use. This comprehensive review presents a basic overview of genome engineering and discusses the major technological advances in the field. In addition to nucleases, we discuss CRISPR-derived base editors and epigenetic modifiers. We also delve into practical applications of these tools, including creating custom-edited cell and animal models as well as performing genetic screens. Finally, we discuss the potential for therapeutic applications and ethical considerations related to employing this technology in humans. © 2019 American Physiological Society. Compr Physiol 9:665-714, 2019.

11.
Hypertension ; 72(5): 1125-1132, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30354811

RESUMO

G-protein-coupled estrogen receptor, Gper1, has been implicated in cardiovascular disease, but its mechanistic role in blood pressure control is poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that genetically salt-sensitive hypertensive rats with complete genomic excision of Gper1 by a multiplexed guide RNA CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats)/Cas9 (CRISPR associated proteins) approach present with lower blood pressure, which was accompanied by altered microbiota, different levels of circulating short chain fatty acids, and improved vascular relaxation. Microbiotal transplantation from hypertensive Gper1+/+ rats reversed the cardiovascular protective effect exerted by the genomic deletion of Gper1. Thus, this study reveals a role for Gper1 in promoting microbiotal alterations that contribute to cardiovascular pathology. However, the exact mechanism by which Gper1 regulates blood pressure is still unknown. Our results indicate that the function of Gper1 is contextually dependent on the microbiome, whereby, contemplation of using Gper1 as a target for therapy of cardiovascular disease requires caution.


Assuntos
Disbiose/fisiopatologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , RNA Guia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Dahl
12.
Stem Cell Res ; 31: 186-192, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30099335

RESUMO

The availability of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) and progress in genome engineering technology have altered the way we approach scientific research and drug development screens. Unfortunately, the procedures for genome editing of hPSCs often subject cells to harsh conditions that compromise viability: a major problem that is compounded by the innate challenge of single-cell culture. Here we describe a generally applicable workflow that supports single-cell cloning and expansion of hPSCs after genome editing and single-cell sorting. Stem-Flex and RevitaCell supplement, in combination with Geltrex or Vitronectin (VN), promote reliable single-cell growth in a feeder-free and defined environment. Characterization of final genome-edited clones reveals that pluripotency and normal karyotype are retained following this single-cell culture protocol. This time-efficient and simplified culture method paves the way for high-throughput hPSC culture and will be valuable for both basic research and clinical applications.


Assuntos
Edição de Genes/métodos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/metabolismo , Humanos
13.
J Clin Invest ; 128(8): 3319-3332, 2018 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29939162

RESUMO

SEC24 family members are components of the coat protein complex II (COPII) machinery that interact directly with cargo or with other adapters to ensure proper sorting of secretory cargo into COPII vesicles. SEC24C is 1 of 4 mammalian SEC24 paralogs (SEC24A-D), which segregate into 2 subfamilies on the basis of sequence homology (SEC24A/SEC24B and SEC24C/SEC24D). Here, we demonstrate that postmitotic neurons, unlike professional secretory cells in other tissues, are exquisitely sensitive to loss of SEC24C. Conditional KO of Sec24c in neural progenitors during embryogenesis caused perinatal mortality and microcephaly, with activation of the unfolded protein response and apoptotic cell death of postmitotic neurons in the murine cerebral cortex. The cell-autonomous function of SEC24C in postmitotic neurons was further highlighted by the loss of cell viability caused by disrupting Sec24c expression in forebrain neurons of mice postnatally and in differentiated neurons derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells. The neuronal cell death associated with Sec24c deficiency was rescued in knockin mice expressing Sec24d in place of Sec24c. These data suggest that SEC24C is a major cargo adapter for COPII-dependent transport in postmitotic neurons in developing and adult brains and that its functions overlap at least partially with those of SEC24D in mammals.


Assuntos
Vesículas Revestidas pelo Complexo de Proteína do Envoltório/metabolismo , Homeostase , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Prosencéfalo/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo , Animais , Vesículas Revestidas pelo Complexo de Proteína do Envoltório/genética , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/citologia , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Neurônios/citologia , Prosencéfalo/citologia , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/genética
14.
Cancer Cell ; 33(5): 937-948.e8, 2018 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29681510

RESUMO

Somatic genetic alterations of IKZF1, which encodes the lymphoid transcription factor IKAROS, are common in high-risk B-progenitor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and are associated with poor prognosis. Such alterations result in the acquisition of stem cell-like features, overexpression of adhesion molecules causing aberrant cell-cell and cell-stroma interaction, and decreased sensitivity to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Here we report coding germline IKZF1 variation in familial childhood ALL and 0.9% of presumed sporadic B-ALL, identifying 28 unique variants in 45 children. The majority of variants adversely affected IKZF1 function and drug responsiveness of leukemic cells. These results identify IKZF1 as a leukemia predisposition gene, and emphasize the importance of germline genetic variation in the development of both familial and sporadic ALL.


Assuntos
Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/genética , Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Animais , Criança , Feminino , Mutação da Fase de Leitura , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Transplante de Neoplasias , Linhagem , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Elife ; 72018 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29359685

RESUMO

Hedgehog ligands activate an evolutionarily conserved signaling pathway that provides instructional cues during tissue morphogenesis, and when corrupted, contributes to developmental disorders and cancer. The transmembrane protein Dispatched is an essential component of the machinery that deploys Hedgehog family ligands from producing cells, and is absolutely required for signaling to long-range targets. Despite this crucial role, regulatory mechanisms controlling Dispatched activity remain largely undefined. Herein, we reveal vertebrate Dispatched is activated by proprotein convertase-mediated cleavage at a conserved processing site in its first extracellular loop. Dispatched processing occurs at the cell surface to instruct its membrane re-localization in polarized epithelial cells. Cleavage site mutation alters Dispatched membrane trafficking and reduces ligand release, leading to compromised pathway activity in vivo. As such, convertase-mediated cleavage is required for Dispatched maturation and functional competency in Hedgehog ligand-producing cells.


Assuntos
Furina/metabolismo , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Pró-Proteína Convertases/metabolismo , Proteólise , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Camundongos
16.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 888, 2018 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29343825

RESUMO

The T7 endonuclease 1 (T7E1) mismatch detection assay is a widely used method for evaluating the activity of site-specific nucleases, such as the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9 system. To determine the accuracy and sensitivity of this assay, we compared the editing estimates derived by the T7E1 assay with that of targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) in pools of edited mammalian cells. Here, we report that estimates of nuclease activity determined by T7E1 most often do not accurately reflect the activity observed in edited cells. Editing efficiencies of CRISPR-Cas9 complexes with similar activity by T7E1 can prove dramatically different by NGS. Additionally, we compared editing efficiencies predicted by the Tracking of Indels by Decomposition (TIDE) assay and the Indel Detection by Amplicon Analysis (IDAA) assay to that observed by targeted NGS for both cellular pools and single-cell derived clones. We show that targeted NGS, TIDE, and IDAA assays predict similar editing efficiencies for pools of cells but that TIDE and IDAA can miscall alleles in edited clones.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Endonucleases/genética , Edição de Genes , Humanos , Células K562 , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
CRISPR J ; 1: 130-131, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31021203
18.
PLoS Genet ; 13(8): e1006961, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28827789

RESUMO

Multiple GWAS studies have reported strong association of cardiac QT-interval to a region on HSA17. Interestingly, a rat locus homologous to this region is also linked to QT-intervals. The high resolution positional mapping study located the rat QT-interval locus to a <42.5kb region on RNO10. This region contained no variants in protein-coding sequences, but a prominent contiguous 19bp indel polymorphism was noted within a novel predicted long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), which we named as Rffl-lnc1. To assess the candidacy of this novel lncRNA on QT-interval, targeted CRISPR/Cas9 based genome-engineering approaches were applied on the rat strains used to map this locus. Targeted disruption of the rat Rffl-lnc1 locus caused aberrant, short QT-intervals and elevated blood pressure. Further, to specifically examine the significance of the 19bp polymorphism within the Rffl-lnc1 locus, a CRISPR/Cas9 based targeted knock-in rescue model was constructed by inserting the 19bp into the strain which contained the deletion polymorphism. The knock-in alleles successfully rescued the aberrant QT-interval and blood pressure phenotypes. Further studies revealed that the 19bp polymorphism was necessary and sufficient to recapitulate the phenotypic effect of the previously mapped <42.5kb rat locus. To our knowledge, this study is the first demonstration of a combination of both CRISPR/Cas9 based targeted disruption as well as CRISPR/Cas9 based targeted knock-in rescue approaches applied for a mammalian positional cloning study, which defines the quantitative trait nucleotides (QTNs) within a rat long non-coding RNA as being important for the pleiotropic regulation of both cardiac QT-intervals and blood pressure.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/genética , Hipertensão/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Alelos , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Clonagem Molecular , Eletrocardiografia , Técnicas de Introdução de Genes , Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Mutação INDEL/genética , Nucleotídeos/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/isolamento & purificação , Ratos
19.
J Biol Chem ; 292(15): 6148-6162, 2017 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28228480

RESUMO

The discovery and application of CRISPR/Cas9 technology for genome editing has greatly accelerated targeted mutagenesis in a variety of organisms. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated site-specific cleavage is typically exploited for the generation of insertions or deletions (indels) after aberrant dsDNA repair via the endogenous non-homology end-joining (NHEJ) pathway or, alternatively, for enhancing homology-directed repair to facilitate the generation of a specific mutation (or "knock-in"). However, there is a need for efficient cellular assays that can measure Cas9/guide RNA activity. Reliable methods for enriching and identifying desired mutants are also lacking. Here we describe a method using the Piggybac transposon for stable genomic integration of an H2B-GFP reporter or a hygromycin resistance gene for assaying Cas9 target cleavage and homology-directed repair. The H2B-GFP fusion protein provides increased stability and an obvious pattern of nuclear localization. This method, called SRIRACCHA (i.e. a stable, but reversible, integrated reporter for assaying CRISPR/Cas-stimulated HDR activity), enables the enrichment of mutants via selection of GFP-positive or hygromycin-resistant mammalian cells (immortalized or non-immortalized) as a surrogate for the modification of the endogenous target site. Currently available hyperactive Piggybac transposase mutants allow both delivery and removal of the surrogate reporters, with minimal risk of generating undesirable mutations. This assay permits rapid screening for efficient guide RNAs and the accelerated identification of mutant clones and is applicable to many cell types. We foresee the utility of this approach in contexts in which the maintenance of genomic integrity is essential, for example, when engineering cells for therapeutic purposes.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Deleção de Genes , Marcação de Genes/métodos , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Camundongos
20.
Nat Commun ; 8: 14400, 2017 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28169291

RESUMO

In addition to mutations in genes, aberrant enhancer element activity at non-coding regions of the genome is a key driver of tumorigenesis. Here, we perform epigenomic enhancer profiling of a cohort of more than forty genetically diverse human colorectal cancer (CRC) specimens. Using normal colonic crypt epithelium as a comparator, we identify enhancers with recurrently gained or lost activity across CRC specimens. Of the enhancers highly recurrently activated in CRC, most are constituents of super enhancers, are occupied by AP-1 and cohesin complex members, and originate from primed chromatin. Many activate known oncogenes, and CRC growth can be mitigated through pharmacologic inhibition or genome editing of these loci. Nearly half of all GWAS CRC risk loci co-localize to recurrently activated enhancers. These findings indicate that the CRC epigenome is defined by highly recurrent epigenetic alterations at enhancers which activate a common, aberrant transcriptional programme critical for CRC growth and survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos/genética , Epigênese Genética/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Loci Gênicos/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Epigenômica/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Mutação , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/genética , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
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