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1.
Kardiol Pol ; 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32415767

RESUMO

Ongoing pandemics of SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) represents a major challenge for healthcare. Beside the proven involvement of cardiovascular system in COVID-19, increased healthcare system resources are redirected towards handling infected patients and thus induce major changes in access to services and priorities in the management of patients with unrelated chronic cardiovascular disease. This document, created by task force involving Working Groups on Valvular Heart Disease and Cardiac Surgery as well as Association of Cardiovascular Intervention, Polish Cardiac Society proposes modifications of diagnostic pathways, principles of healthcare professionals protection and guidelines for treatment according to triage and prioritization. Valvular heart teams should continue working with utilization of telemedicine and digital technology. Diagnostic tests must be simplified or deferred to minimize potentially dangerous aerosol generating procedures such as transesophageal echocardiography or exercise imaging. Treatments for aortic stenosis and mitral regurgitation have to be offered especially in urgent indications and in patients with advanced disease and poor prognosis. Expert risk stratification is essential for triage and setting the priority lists. In any case, appropriate level of personal protection must be ensured for healthcare personnel to prevent spreading infections and preserving specialized manpower to supply for the continuing need of handling chronic serious cardiovascular disease. Importantly, as soon as the local epidemic situation improves, efforts must be made to rebuild standard opportunities for elective treatment of valvular heart disease and occluder-based therapies according to existing guidelines, thus rebuilding stat-of-the-art cardiovascular services.

2.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872620913849, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current strategies for prognostic stratification in haemodynamically stable patients with acute pulmonary embolism require improvement. The aims of this study in haemodynamically stable patients with acute pulmonary embolism were (a) to evaluate the prognostic value of a novel respiratory index (oxygen saturation in air to respiratory rate ratio) and (b) to derive a risk model which includes the respiratory index and evaluate its value in predicting 30-day mortality. METHODS: Prospective cohorts of haemodynamically stable patients with acute pulmonary embolism were merged to a collaborative database that served to create two subsequent derivation and validation cohorts based on a temporal criterion. The study outcome was 30-day all-cause death. RESULTS: Thirty-day all-cause death occurred in 7.5% and in 6.9% of patients in the derivation and validation cohorts (each composed of 319 patients). In the derivation cohort, the respiratory index (odds ratio 0.66, 95% confidence interval 0.48-0.90) and simplified Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (odds ratio 9.16, 95% confidence interval 1.22-68.89) were predictors of 30-day mortality. The cut-off value of the respiratory index ⩽3.8 was identified to best predict 30-day all-cause death (15.4% vs 5.0%, odds ratio 2.94, 95% confidence interval 1.22-7.11). The respiratory index ⩽3.8 was combined with the simplified Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index to create the Respiratory Index model that showed a good discriminatory power in the derivation (c-statistic 0.703, 95% confidence interval 0.60-0.80) and in the validation cohort (c-statistic 0.838, 95% confidence interval 0.768-0.907). CONCLUSION: In hemodynamically stable patients with acute pulmonary embolism, the respiratory index was an independent predictor of 30-day all-cause death. The Respiratory Index model which includes the simplified Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index and the respiratory index, provides a good risk stratification of haemodynamically stable patients with acute pulmonary embolism.

4.
Kardiol Pol ; 78(1): 15-19, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939451

RESUMO

Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is one of the major causes of in­hospital mortality, and the short­term prognosis of patients is strongly related to its hemodynamic consequences. Therefore, a stepwise risk­stratification approach has been proposed, using a combination of clinical data, imaging, and biochemical markers to define the risk of an early adverse outcome. Patients should be managed according to PE severity: some of them require urgent primary reperfusion; for most patients, anticoagulation alone is sufficient; and selected low­risk patients are potential candidates for early discharge and continuation of treatment on an outpatient basis. We present the current risk­adapted approach to management strategies in acute PE.

6.
Thromb Res ; 186: 30-35, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862573

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The concept of post Pulmonary Embolism syndrome includes various combinations of functional, haemodynamic or imaging abnormalities in patients after pulmonary embolism (PE). Although residual obstruction of pulmonary vascular bed is suggested to be a major cause of post Pulmonary Embolism syndrome (post-PE syndrome) other cardiopulmonary abnormalities can be responsible for functional impairment. Therefore, we analyzed the frequency of post-PE syndrome and its potential causes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report data of consecutive 845 PE survivors (468 F, aged 62 ± 18 yrs) who were anticoagulated, and followed for at least 6 months. All symptomatic subjects at follow up underwent diagnostic workup. RESULTS: 35% (290/845) of PE survivors recovered functionally, while 65% patients reported a decreased exercise tolerance compatible with post-PE syndrome. One hundred and five symptomatic cases were lost to follow up. After diagnostic workup, chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) was diagnosed in 38 of 450 (8.4%) symptomatic subjects and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary disease (CTED) was diagnosed in 15/450 (3.3%) of them. Chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (EF) was found in 6.9% (31/450) of patients and 154 patients (34.2%) had leftsided diastolic dysfunction. Valve heart disease was detected in 6.2% (28/450), atrial fibrillation in 31/450 (6.9%), Other causes of reduced exercise tolerance include coronary artery disease in 31/450 (6.9%), pulmonary disease 42/450 (9.3%), morbid obesity 15/450 (3.3%), neoplasms 15/450 (3.3%), psychiatric disorders 1%, rheumatoid disease 1%, anemia 1%. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 65% of PE survivors report functional impairment, despite at least 6 months of anticoagulation. Persistent pulmonary artery thromboemboli resulting in CTEPH or CTED were detected in 7.2% of PE survivors and 11.8% of symptomatic patients. Leftsided diastolic dysfunction was the most prevalent echocardiographic abnormality, and remained the most common cause of functional limitation affected 34.2% of symptomatic cases.

9.
Cardiol J ; 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of a novel clinical score - the InterTAK Diagnostic Score in differentiating Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) from acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Medical records of 40 consecutive patients with ACS and 20 patients with TTS were managed and retrospectively analyzed at the documented center. Each patient was evaluated using the InterTAK Diagnostic Score. To illustrate the diagnostic ability of the score, a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was performed. RESULTS: Takotsube syndrome patients were more often female compared to the ACS group (70% vs. 27.5%, p = 0.002), an emotional trigger was more prevalent among the TTS group (65% vs. 7.5%, p < 0.001). The area under the curve (AUC) for the score was 0.885 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.78-0.97). Using a cut-off value of 45 points, the sum of sensitivity and specificity was the highest. However, when patients with a score of ≥ 50 were diagnosed as TTS, 85% were diagnosed correctly. When patients with score ≤ 31 were diagnosed as ACS, 92% were diagnosed correctly. CONCLUSIONS: The InterTAK Diagnostic Score might help in differentiating TTS from ACSs with high sensitivity and specificity. This finding requires further investigation to confirm its clinical utility.

11.
Eur J Intern Med ; 69: 8-13, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427186

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Bleeding is a major complication of anticoagulation in acute pulmonary embolism (APE) while estimating individual bleeding risk remains challenging. Elevated D-dimer levels (DD) have been shown to predict bleeding events. OBJECTIVES: (1) direct comparison of the capacity of bleeding risk prediction scores (VTE-BLEED, RIETE, HAS-BLED, HEMORR2HAGES) to prognosticate in-hospital bleeding events in the acute phase of APE in a real-life population of APE patients;(2) augmentation of the discriminative capacity of fore mentioned scores with DD. MATERIALS: Post-hoc analysis of a prospective observational study. DD levels were measured using the VIDAS D-dimer Exclusion test. Receiver operating characteristic curves, areas under the curve (AUC) for bleeding prediction were calculated for scores and DD. Bleeding scores+DD were compared using an established index quantifying the reclassification of patients (net reclassification index, NRI). RESULTS: 310 APE patients were included. 35(11.3%) bleeding events occurred (hematomas, GI, urinary tract, retroperitoneal, uterine, CNS, respiratory tract): 17 major (MB) and 18 clinically-relevant non-major bleedings (CRNMB), none were fatal. All scores had satisfactory AUCs (0.754-0.767), except HAS-BLED (AUC = 0.512; 0.455-0.569). DD were higher in patients with bleeding events (29,911 ng/ml vs. 4805 ng/ml, p = .031), AUC 0.621(0.520-0.721), p = .02. DD = 5750 ng/ml was characterized by OR = 2.3(95%CI 1.05-5.0) for all bleeding events. Adding DD improved the discriminatory capacity of tested scores in the non-high risk of bleeding category, NRI 0.07-03. CONCLUSIONS: Of the tested scores RIETE, HEMORR2HAGES, VTE-BLEED performed best at identifying APE patients at risk of in-hospital bleeding complications. DD levels may predict in-hospital bleeding events and may improve identifying patients classified as non-high risk who experience bleeding complications.

12.
Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne ; 14(2): 249-254, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118991

RESUMO

Introduction: Increased values of emerging fat indices are correlated with increased cardiovascular risk. Aim: To examine the novel non-invasive predictors of coronary disease, namely the carotid extra-media thickness (EMT), PATIMA, and epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), in a group of patients with morbid obesity. Material and methods: We examined a group of 40 morbidly obese (OB) patients and a control group (CG). All patients were subjected to anthropometric measurements, as well as laboratory and ultrasound examinations. Results: EATmean and EMTmean differed significantly between groups (OB vs. CG): 5.09 vs. 3.50 and 808.50 vs. 737.00, p < 0.0001, respectively. Conclusions: Strong correlations were found between novel non-invasive predictors of coronary disease, namely the carotid extra-media thickness, PATIMA, and epicardial adipose tissue. The above-mentioned fat indices were not found to correlate significantly with BMI or other body weight-related parameters used to assess the adipose tissue content. Further studies are required.

13.
Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne ; 14(2): 320-325, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119000

RESUMO

Introduction: Trans-apical beating heart off-pump mitral valve (MV) repair is a novel surgical technique for treating mitral regurgitation (MR) caused by degenerative flail/prolapse (DLP). Aim: To present early outcomes of a single-center experience with transapical beating heart mitral valve repair with the NeoChord system. Material and methods: Thirty-seven patients with severe symptomatic MR were treated with the NeoChord technique between September 2015 and December 2018 (78% men; mean age: 62.3 ±13.4 years). We evaluated standard cardiac surgery perioperative complications as well as those related to the NeoChord technique as well as early surgical success as defined by the reduction of MR to less than moderate by implantation of at least 2 neochordae. Results: During this series we had no hemodynamic instability due to bleeding or arrhythmia. There were no transapical technique-related adverse events such as a leaflet perforation or tear, a major native chord rupture, which would require implantation of a new chord, ventricular apex rupture, or left atrial perforation. There were no major adverse events including death, stroke or acute myocardial infarction. Nine (24%) patients developed an episode of perioperative atrial fibrillation. We were able to conclude the operation in 98% of our patients with less than moderate MR. One (2%) patient had moderate MR at the conclusion of the operation. Conclusions: Trans-apical off-pump MV repair with the NeoChord system is a safe, minimally invasive procedure, with few minor complications. In well-selected candidates it provides successful treatment of degenerative MR. Results are anatomy dependent, so preoperative patient selection is crucial.

15.
Postepy Kardiol Interwencyjnej ; 15(1): 20-27, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043981

RESUMO

Introduction: Minimally invasive techniques of mitral valve (MV) repair have been increasingly used in recent years. Transapical implantation of artificial chordae on a beating heart under 2D/3D transesophageal echocardiographic guidance with the NeoChord DS1000 device is a new surgical treatment of degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR). Aim: To evaluate early results of MV repair with the NeoChord DS1000 device in the first group of consecutive patients operated on in Poland. Material and methods: Twenty-one patients with severe MR due to posterior leaflet prolapse (81% male; mean age: 60.7 ±12.7 years) underwent MV repair with the NeoChord DS1000 system. There were 12 (57.1%) patients with type A (an isolated central prolapse/flail), 8 (38.1%) patients with type B (multisegment disease/flail) and 1 (4.8%) patient with type C (posterior/paracommisural area) MV prolapse. A flail leaflet was present in 12 (57.1%) patients. The median number of neochords was 3 (2-6). We assessed by echocardiography left-sided heart morphology and evaluated MR degree before and 6 months after chords implantation. Results: Early procedural success was achieved in 100% of patients. At the 6-month follow-up nonsignificant MR (trace and mild) was detected in 17 (81.0%) patients, while moderate MR was detected in 4 (19.0%) patients; mean values of left-sided heart dimensions and volumes, mitral E and E' velocity of lateral MV annulus significantly decreased. Conclusions: A novel procedure with the NeoChord DS1000 device is feasible in properly selected patients, and results in a significant reduction of MR degree and left ventricle and left atrium reverse remodeling at the 6-month follow-up.

16.
Postepy Kardiol Interwencyjnej ; 15(1): 42-45, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043983

RESUMO

Introduction: Radial access is a standard approach for coronary interventions. However, it carries some risk of local or long-term complications such as hematoma or radial artery occlusion. Aim: To assess the feasibility of a very distal left and right transradial approach (VITRO) for coronary interventions. Material and methods: Three hundred and twenty consecutive patients were submitted to diagnostic or therapeutic coronary interventions. In 102 patients the distal radial artery was not palpable or the pulse was too weak. In 218 selected patients (142 male, 76 female, age: 69 ±11 years) we decided to perform a distal transradial approach. Results: The VITRO access was suitable in 195 patients with a success rate of 89.4%. In 9 patients arterial puncture failed, while in 14 others despite successful arterial puncture the wire could not be advanced towards the forearm part of the radial artery. Not only elective diagnostic angiographies were performed with VITRO but also urgent ad hoc coronary interventions in subjects with unstable angina or NSTEMI (48 subjects; 24.3%). Moreover, this very distal approach allowed 11 rotablations and 11 FFR/iFR examinations to be performed in 22 patients. No major bleeding, requiring prolonged hospital stay, surgery or transfusion occurred. One patient on oral anticoagulation with DAPT had conservatively managed minor forearm bleeding. Conclusions: Very distal radial artery access is feasible, safe and comfortable in 60% of patients referred for elective or urgent coronary arteries angiography, or coronary interventions.

17.
Adv Med Sci ; 64(2): 309-314, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30974403

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an ominous complication in systemic sclerosis patients (SSc) and echocardiography is a screening tool for its detection. The goal of this study was to assess the reliability of resting and exercise echo Doppler parameters with data obtained by right heart catheterization (RHC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 91 patients (84 F, 53.3 ± 15.2 years) with SSc. Transthoracic echocardiography followed by exercise Doppler-echocardiography (EDE) were performed. A positive EDE was defined as a ≥20 mmHg increase in tricuspid regurgitation peak gradient (TRPG). RHC with exercise was performed in positive EDE patients and/or in subjects with resting TRPG > 31 mmHg. RESULTS: Finally, RHC was performed in 20 patients. The correlation for the echocardiography and invasive measurement of systolic (sPAP) and mean (mPAP) pulmonary artery pressure was r = 0.66 (p = 0.001) and r = 0.7 (p = 0.001), respectively. We also found significant correlation between echocardiography and invasive measurement of exercise sPAP r = 0.68 (p = 0.001) and exercise mPAP r = 0.67 (p = 0.002). There was a correlation between pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) assessed by echocardiography and measured by RHC r = 0.49, p = 0.027. The equation derived within our population was: PVR by echocardiography = 9.6*TRV/TVIRVOT+0.068. We also performed ROC analysis to predict PVR > 2 WU. Our results highlight that sPAP has the highest AUC (0.802, 95% CI 0.585-1). CONCLUSION: Doppler resting and exercise echocardiography may provide a reliable, noninvasive method for determining resting and exercise sPAP, mPAP, and PVR in SSc patients, although it may underestimate or overestimate these values in some individuals. Doppler echocardiography does not replace RHC for definite hemodynamic assessment of suspected PH.

18.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 2577-2582, 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30958811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Controversy exists with regard to the effectiveness and reasons for bariatric procedures in patients older than 60 years. The goal of our study was to determine the reduction in risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus after undergoing bariatric surgery in obese patients over age 60 at our institution. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients with severe obesity (BMI >40 kg/m²) were retrospectively included in the study. Risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes at baseline and their reduction during the follow-up period were evaluated with the following selected, currently preferred risk algorithms: (1) the Systemic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) scale; (2) the Framingham Risk Score (of myocardial infarction or coronary death) for patients with no prior history of diabetes, coronary heart disease, or intermittent claudication; and (3) the Framingham Offspring Diabetes Risk Score, which estimates the 8-year risk of developing type 2 diabetes. RESULTS All 33 elderly patients (32 women and 1 man, mean age 62.3±2.7 (BMI 44.3±6.2 kg/m²) significantly reduced their risk levels. We observed a decrease in the 10-year risk of a first fatal cardiovascular event (3.5±0.5 vs. 2.4±0.5, absolute risk reduction [ARR] 1.0); reduced 10-year risk of myocardial infarction or death (5.0±1.6 vs. 3.25±1.6, ARR 1.7); and reduced predicted 8-year risk of developing type 2 diabetes (7.4±7.2 vs. 3.1±0.3, ARR 4.3). No intra- or postoperative complications were observed. CONCLUSIONS Our study showed a significant reduction in risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes, as measured by available risk scores, in elderly patients undergoing bariatric procedures.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Idoso , Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Doença das Coronárias/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade Mórbida/fisiopatologia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
19.
Cardiol J ; 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30912573

RESUMO

In patients diagnosed with chronic kidney disease (CKD), atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism and stroke. Moreover, patients with CKD - especially those in end-stage renal disease - also present an increased risk of bleeding. Oral anticoagulation is the most effective form of thromboprophylaxis in patients with AF and an increased risk of stroke. However, the underuse of these drugs was observed, mainly due to safety reasons and restricted evidence on efficacy. Much evidence suggests that non-vitamin K-dependent oral anticoagulant agents significantly reduce the risk of stroke, intracranial hemorrhage, and mortality, with lower to similar major bleeding rates compared with vitamin K antagonists, such as warfarin, in normal renal function subjects. Thus, they are currently recommended for that group of patients. However, their metabolism is largely dependent on the kidneys for elimination, and current knowledge in this area is limited due to patients with a decreased glomerular filtration rate are usually excluded from clinical trials. The present review article focuses on currently available data on oral anticoagulants in patients with moderate to advanced chronic kidney disease and those with end stage renal disease.

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