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1.
Nanotechnology ; 30(47): 475704, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430737

RESUMO

A novel direct Z-scheme Zn0.1Cd0.9S/FeWO4 (ZCS/FW) photocatalyst was prepared by a facile calcination method. The photocatalytic performance was investigated by photodegradation rhodamine B (RhB) and photocatalytic production hydrogen (H2) under visible light irradiation. Compared with the pure ZCS, the ZCS/FW composites show considerably improved photocatalytic activity for degradation RhB and production H2. Noticeably, the ZCS/FW with 7 wt% of FW exhibits optimal photocatalytic activity with the H2 evolution rate of 34.6 mmol g-1 h-1 and photodegradation of about 98% of RhB solution (10 mg l-1) in 60 min. These outstanding photocatalytic performances were found to be ascribed to the formation of direct Z-scheme heterojunction, resulting in effective separation and transfer of photogenerated charge carriers. Moreover, active species trapping experiments further demonstrate the electrons transfer followed Z-scheme system, and the photocatalytic mechanism was proposed.

2.
Nanotechnology ; 30(35): 355301, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31121572

RESUMO

The aspect ratio and arrangement of nanowires play an important role in achieving excellent optoelectronic performance for metal nanowire-based transparent conductive films (TCFs). However, limited to the technology and material properties, studies are always focused on only one of the issues. Here, a novel strategy for manipulating the relative aspect ratio and arrangement of nickel nanowires (NiNWs) at nanoscale by Halbach array assisted assembly technology is introduced. Head-to-tail nickel nanowire chains as large as hundreds of micrometers are formed as a result of the dipole-dipole interactions of wire-wire. The arrangement of nickel nanowires can be preciously controlled by layer-by-layer deposition. Notably, the alignment create a significant improvement on the optoelectronic performance of nickel nanowire TCFs. The optimized orderly aligned NiNWs TCFs demonstrate super optoelectronic performance (90 Ω sq-1, 86%) than disordered NiNW TCFs (200 Ω sq-1, 80%). Moreover, NiNW-based TCFs exhibit outstanding long-term oxidation stability at 80 °C over 30 d as well as high-temperature oxidization stability even up to 300 °C, that is the most stable metal nanowire-based TCFs in air as far as we know. The low-cost, good optoelectronic performance and excellent oxidation resistance of aligned NiNWs will make them as attractive alternatives to silver nanowires for TCFs application.

3.
ChemSusChem ; 12(4): 795-800, 2019 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30628203

RESUMO

Two-dimensional tungsten sulfide is widely applied in electrocatalysis. However, WS2 possesses catalytic active sites located at the layer edge and an inert surface for catalysis. Therefore, increasing the exposure of active sites at the edge and effectively activating the inert sites on the surface is an important challenge. Here, an edge/defect-rich and oxygen-heteroatom-doped WS2 (ED-O-WS2 ) superstructure was synthesized. The power-conversion efficiency (PCE) of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) based on an ED-O-WS2 counter electrode reached 10.36 % (under 1 sun, AM 1.5, 100 mW cm-2 ) and 11.19 % (under 40 mW cm-2 ). These values are, to our knowledge, the highest reported efficiency for DSCs based on Pt-free counter electrodes in I3 - /I- electrolytes. Analysis of the micro/nano structure and the electrocatalytic mechanism indicate that ED-O-WS2 exhibits metallic properties in the electrolyte, and that abundant edges and defects as well as oxygen doping in ED-O-WS2 play an important role in improving the catalytic activity of WS2 . Moreover, ED-O-WS2 displays better catalytic reversibility for I3 - /I- electrolytes than Pt.

4.
ACS Omega ; 3(9): 11009-11017, 2018 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31459211

RESUMO

Splitting of water into hydrogen and oxygen has become a strategic research topic. In the two semi-reactions of water splitting, water oxidation is preferred to the four-electron-transfer process with a higher overpotential (η) and is the decisive step in water splitting. Therefore, efficient water oxidation catalysts must be developed. IrO x and RuO x catalysts are currently the most efficient catalysts in water oxidation. However, the limited reserve and high prices of precious metals, such as Ir and Ru, limit future large-scale industrial production of water oxidation catalysts. In this study, we tune inert Ni-foam into highly active NiOOH/FeOOH heterostructures as water oxidation catalysts via three-step strategy (surface acid-treating, electroplating, and electrooxidation). NiOOH/FeOOH heterostructures as water oxidation catalysts only require η of 257 mV to reach a current density of 10 mA cm-2, which is superior to that of IrO2/Ni-foam (280 mV). The high electrochemically active surface area (72.50 cm2) and roughness factor demonstrate abundant interfaces in NiOOH/FeOOH heterostructures, thus accelerating water oxidation activity. The small value (4.8 Ω cm2) of charge transfer resistance (R ct) indicate that fast electronic exchange occurs between NiOOH/FeOOH heterostructures catalyst and reaction of water oxidation. Hydrogen-to-oxygen volume ratios (approximately 2:1) indicate an almost overall water splitting by the double-electrode system. Faraday efficiency of H2 or O2 is close to 90% at 2:1 hydrogen-to-oxygen volume ratio. NiOOH/FeOOH heterostructures exhibit good stability. The results provide significance in fundamental research and practical applications in solar water splitting, artificial photoelectrochemical cells, and electrocatalysts.

5.
ACS Omega ; 3(10): 13960-13966, 2018 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31458091

RESUMO

Organic-inorganic hybrid material is a recent hot topic in the scientific community. The best band gap for the entire solar absorption spectrum is about 1.1 eV. However, the lead perovskite band gap is about 1.5 eV. Therefore, developing organic-inorganic hybrid material toward the broader light harvesting of the solar spectrum is extremely urgent. In this study, we prepare three kinds of organic-inorganic hybrid palladium perovskite materials, including (CH3NH3)2PdCl4, (CH3NH3)2PdCl4-x Br x , and CH3NH3PdI3, for an optoelectronic response. The absorption cut offs of (CH3NH3)2PdCl4, (CH3NH3)2PdCl4-x Br x , and CH3NH3PdI3 are approximately 600, 700, and 1000 nm, respectively. The band gaps of (CH3NH3)2PdCl4, (CH3NH3)2PdCl4-x Br x , and CH3NH3PdI3 are determined to be approximately 2.15, 1.87, and 1.25 eV, respectively. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that discusses adsorption properties and photoelectric behavior of organic-inorganic hybrid palladium perovskite materials. Interestingly, the photoelectric response of the devices based on CH3NH3PdI3 reaches 950 nm. The results will attract attention in the fields of optical recorders, optical memory, security, light capture, and light treatment.

6.
Nanotechnology ; 27(38): 385602, 2016 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27518499

RESUMO

A novel simple method was proposed to synthesize BiOCl/Bi2Sn2O7 heterojunction photocatalysts through the treatment of Bi2Sn2O7 with HCl solution of different concentrations. The as-synthesized photocatalysts were characterized by x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, photoluminescence, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The experimental results show that sheet-like BiOCl particles were obtained after the HCl treatment. Bi2Sn2O7 nanoparticles were distributed on the BiOCl sheets, resulting in the low aggregation of the Bi2Sn2O7 nanoparticles. As compared to BiOCl and Bi2Sn2O7, BiOCl/Bi2Sn2O7 showed enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation, which can be attributed to the effective separation of photogenerated electrons and holes due to the formation of a BiOCl/Bi2Sn2O7 heterojunction. In addition, the dominant active species and the photocatalytic mechanism were discussed in detail.

7.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 16(4): 3636-40, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27451680

RESUMO

Y6MoO12 doped with Eu3+ was synthesized using a citrate-complexation route, and was calcined at 800 °C and 1400 °C, respectively. The structure, morphology and photoluminescence (PL) properties of the samples, and their dependence on the crystallite size were investigated. XRD patterns indicate that the Y6MoO12:Eu3+ powder was obtained at both calcination temperatures, and had a cubic structure. The results also suggest that Y6MoO12:Eu3+ calcined at 800 °C was in the nanocrystalline phase, which was confirmed by the SEM microimage. The crystalline size was about 140 nm. Both phosphors could be excited via three channels: f-f excitation of Eu3+ by blue light, MoO groups excitation by near-UV light, and charge transfer state excitation of Eu3+ by UV light. Both samples yielded red light emissions dominated by the 5D0-7F2 transition at 613 nm. The excitation efficient of the three channels depended on the calcination temperature. The energy transfer from the MoO groups to the Eu3+ ions was more effective in the nanocrystalline phase. The temporal decay feature of the phosphor was also characterized.

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