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1.
Arch Microbiol ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284382

RESUMO

Strain CECT 9734 T, a Gram-negative, aerobic, chemoorganotrophic bacterium, motile by polar flagella, was isolated from cultured European seabass, Dicenthrarchus labrax, in Spain. It grows from 5 to 42 ºC, 6-9 pH and 1-12% total salinity. Major cellular fatty acids are C15:0 iso, summed feature 9 (C17:1 iso w9c/C16:0 10-methyl) and C17:0 iso. The genome size is 2.5 Mbp and G + C content is 49.5 mol%. Comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence shows that the strain is a member of Pseudidiomarina, with highest similarities with Pseudidiomarina halophila (97.0%) and Pseudidiomarina salinarum (96.9%). Phylogenomic tree based on UBCG program shows P. halophila as its closest relative. ANI and in-silico DDH with other Pseudidiomarina spp. are lower than 87 and 20%, respectively, suggesting that strain CECT 9734 T represents a new species, for which we propose the name Pseudidiomarina piscicola sp. nov. and CECT 9734 T (= LUBLD50 7aT = LMG 31044 T) as type strain.

2.
BMC Microbiol ; 20(1): 207, 2020 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32660423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Isolation of marine microorganisms is fundamental to gather information about their physiology, ecology and genomic content. To date, most of the bacterial isolation efforts have focused on the photic ocean leaving the deep ocean less explored. We have created a marine culture collection of heterotrophic bacteria (MARINHET) using a standard marine medium comprising a total of 1561 bacterial strains, and covering a variety of oceanographic regions from different seasons and years, from 2009 to 2015. Specifically, our marine collection contains isolates from both photic (817) and aphotic layers (744), including the mesopelagic (362) and the bathypelagic (382), from the North Western Mediterranean Sea, the North and South Atlantic Ocean, the Indian, the Pacific, and the Arctic Oceans. We described the taxonomy, the phylogenetic diversity and the biogeography of a fraction of the marine culturable microorganisms to enhance our knowledge about which heterotrophic marine isolates are recurrently retrieved across oceans and along different depths. RESULTS: The partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene of all isolates revealed that they mainly affiliate with the classes Alphaproteobacteria (35.9%), Gammaproteobacteria (38.6%), and phylum Bacteroidetes (16.5%). In addition, Alteromonas and Erythrobacter genera were found the most common heterotrophic bacteria in the ocean growing in solid agar medium. When comparing all photic, mesopelagic, and bathypelagic isolates sequences retrieved from different stations, 37% of them were 100% identical. This percentage increased up to 59% when mesopelagic and bathypelagic strains were grouped as the aphotic dataset and compared to the photic dataset of isolates, indicating the ubiquity of some bacterial isolates along different ocean depths. Finally, we isolated three strains that represent a new species, and the genome comparison and phenotypic characterization of two of these strains (ISS653 and ISS1889) concluded that they belong to a new species within the genus Mesonia. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this study highlights the relevance of culture-dependent studies, with focus on marine isolated bacteria from different oceanographic regions and depths, to provide a more comprehensive view of the culturable marine bacteria as part of the total marine microbial diversity.

3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4329-4338, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589567

RESUMO

Strain ISS653T, isolated from Atlantic seawater, is a yellow pigmented, non-motile, Gram-reaction-negative rod-shaped bacterium, strictly aerobic and chemoorganotrophic, slightly halophilic (1-15 % NaCl) and mesophilic (4-37 °C), oxidase- and catalase-positive and proteolytic. Its major cellular fatty acids are iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 2-OH, and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH; the major identified phospholipid is phosphatidylethanolamine and the major respiratory quinone is MK6. Genome size is 4.28 Mbp and DNA G+C content is 34.9 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity places the strain among members of the family Flavobacteriaceae, with the type strains of Mesonia phycicola (93.2 %), Salegentibacter mishustinae (93.1 %) and Mesonia mobilis (92.9 %) as closest relatives. Average amino acid identity (AAI) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) indices show highest values with M. mobilis (81 % AAI; 78.9 % ANI), M. phycicola (76 % AAI; 76.3 % ANI), Mesonia maritima (72 % AAI, 74.9 % ANI), Mesonia hippocampi (64 % AAI, 70.8 % ANI) and Mesonia algae (68 % AAI; 72.2 % ANI). Phylogenomic analysis using the Up-to-date-Bacterial Core Gene set (UBCG) merges strain ISS653T in a clade with species of the genus Mesonia. We conclude that strain ISS653T represents a novel species of the genus Mesonia for which we propose the name Mesonia oceanica sp. nov., and strain ISS653T (=CECT 9532T=LMG 31236T) as the type strain. A second strain of the species, ISS1889 (=CECT 30008) was isolated from Pacific Ocean seawater. Data obtained throughout the Tara oceans expedition indicate that the species is more abundant in the mesopelagic dark ocean than in the photic layer and it is more frequent in the South Pacific, Indian and North Atlantic oceans.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Oceano Atlântico , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Oceano Pacífico , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 1231-1239, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793854

RESUMO

Strain ISS155T, isolated from surface Mediterranean seawater, has cells that are Gram-reaction-negative, motile, strictly aerobic chemoorganotrophic, oxidase-positive, unable to reduce nitrate to nitrite, and able to grow with cellulose as the sole carbon and energy source. It is mesophilic, neutrophilic, slightly halophilic and has a requirement for sodium and magnesium ions. Its 16S rRNA gene sequence places the strain among members of Cellvibrionaceae, in the Gammaproteobacteria, with Agarilytica rhodophyticola 017T as closest relative (94.3 % similarity). Its major cellular fatty acids are C18 : 1, C16 : 0 and C16 : 1; major phospholipids are phosphatidyl glycerol, phosphatidyl ethanolamine and an unidentified lipid, and the major respiratory quinone is Q8. The genome size is 6.09 Mbp and G+C content is 45.2 mol%. A phylogenomic analysis using UBCG merges strain ISS155T in a clade with A. rhodophyticola, Teredinibacter turnerae, Saccharophagus degradans and Agaribacterium haliotis type strain genomes, all of them possessing a varied array of carbohydrate-active enzymes and the potential for polysaccharide degradation. Average amino acid identity indexes determined against available Cellvibrionaceae type strain genomes show that strain ISS155T is related to them by values lower than 60 %, with a maximum of 58 % to A. rhodophyticola 017T and 57 % to T. turnerae T7902T and S. degradans 2-40T. These results, together with the low 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities and differences in phenotypic profiles, indicate that strain ISS155T represents a new genus and species in Cellvibrionaceae, for which we propose the name Thalassocella blandensis gen. nov., sp. nov., and strain ISS155T (=CECT 9533T=LMG 31237T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Phyllobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Mar Mediterrâneo , Fosfolipídeos/química , Phyllobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(11): 3405-3413, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373895

RESUMO

Strain CECT 7735T, a marine Gram-reaction negative, aerobic, non-motile bacterium, was isolated from coastal seawater in Valencia, Spain. Strain CECT 7735T is chemoorganotrophic, mesophilic, slightly halophilic, grows at 15-28 °C but not at 4 or 37 °C, requires seawater for growth and grows up to 6 % salinity. The major cellular fatty acid is summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c). The G+C content of the genome is 55.7 mol%. Comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence shows the strain is affiliated to the family Rhodobacteraceae, in the class Alphaproteobacteria, with highest similarities to Phaeobacter species (97.0-97.5 %), Shimia species (96.5-97.3 %) and Pseudopelagicola gijangensis (96.5 %). Further phylogenomic analysis through the up-to-date-bacterial core gene (UBCG) set showed P. gijangensis to be its closest relative. Average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values are lower than 85 and 21 %, respectively, with its phylogenetic relatives, suggesting that strain CECT 7735T represents a new species. The average amino acid identity value was over 70 % with the genome of the type strain of P. gijangensis and with all those of Shimia species. These values, together with UBCG set trees, suggest that the new species and P. gijangensisbelong to the same genus and that Pseudopelagicola should be reclassified as a Shimia species. We conclude that strain CECT 7735T represents a new species in the genus Shimia, for which we propose the name Shimiathalassica sp. nov. In addition, Pseudopelagicola gijangensis is reclassified as Shimiagijangensis comb. nov. From the same phylogenomic study, it can be concluded that Thalassobius activus should be reclassified in the genus Cognatishimia as Cognatishimiaactiva comb. nov.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(8): 2650-2652, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29932394

RESUMO

The genomes of the type strains of Roseivivax atlanticusand Roseivivax marinus(Rhodobacteraceae, Alphaproteobacteria), were analysed to determine their respective Average Nucleotide Identity (ANI) and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) values. These species were proposed and effectively published relatively closely in time (February and August 2014, respectively) and so not taking account of the other. The intergenomic relatedness between both type strains, 97.0-97.4 % ANI and 82.8 % in silico DDH, confirm that they represent members of the same genomic species. This conclusion is also supported at the phenotypic level. Since the nameRoseovarius marinuswas validly published earlier, R. atlanticus (Validation List 161, IJSEM 65, 1-4. 2015) should be considered a later heterotypic synonym of R. marinus(Dai, Shi, Gao, Liu and Zhang, 2014), in application of the priority rule.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Análise de Sequência de DNA
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(8): 2515-2522, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29944092

RESUMO

Strain CECT 5091T, an aerobic, marine, Gram-reaction- and Gram-stain-negative, chemoheterotrophic bacterium was isolated from oysters harvested off the Spanish Mediterranean coast. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence placed the strain within the genus Ruegeria, in the family Rhodobacteraceae, with 16S rRNA gene similarities of 98.7, 98.7 and 98.4 % to Ruegeria conchae, Ruegeria atlanticaand Ruegeria arenilitoris, respectively. Average nucleotide identities (ANI) and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) were determined, comparing the genome sequence of CECT 5091T with those of the type strains of 12 species of the genus Ruegeria: the values obtained were always below the thresholds (95-96 % ANI, 70 % in silico DDH) used to define genomic species, proving that CECT 5091T represents a novel species of the genus Ruegeria. The strain was slightly halophilic and mesophilic, with optimum growth at 26 °C, pH 7.0 and 3 % salinity, it required sodium and magnesium ions for growth and was able to reduce nitrate to dinitrogen. Carbon sources for growth include some carbohydrates (d-ribose, d-glucose, l-rhamnose, N-acetyl-d-glucosamine) and multiple organic acids and amino acids. The major cellular fatty acid was summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c), representing 70 % of the total fatty acids. Carbon monoxide oxidation, cyanophycin synthetic ability and phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine production are predicted from genome annotation, while bacteriochlorophyll a production was absent. The DNA G+C content of the genome was 56.7 mol%. We propose the name Ruegeriadenitrificans sp. nov. and strain CECT 5091T (=5OM10T=LMG 29896T) as the type strain for the novel species.


Assuntos
Ostreidae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/biossíntese , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Mar Mediterrâneo , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(9): 3506-3512, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28857026

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, EAod9T and SMJ21T, isolated from salt-marsh plants, were determined to be related to species of the genus Vibriofrom from 16S rRNA sequence comparisons. Their closest phylogenetic relatives are members of the Gazogenes clade, Vibrio mangrovi and Vibrio rhizosphaerae , which show the greatest similarity to the SMJ21TrRNA sequence (97.3 and 97.1 %, respectively), while EAod9T had less than 97.0 % similarity to any other species of the genus Vibrio. Both strains share the basic characteristics of the genus Vibrio, as they are Gram-stain negative, motile, slightly halophilic, facultatively anaerobic bacteria. In addition, they are oxidase-negative and unable to grow on TCBS Agar; they grow between 15 to 26 °C, pH 6 to 8 and in up to 10 % (w/v) total salinity. They produce indol, are positive in the Voges-Proskauer test and are negative for arginine dihydrolase, lysine and ornithine decarboxylases. Strain SMJ21T is aerogenic and red-pigmented, due to prodigiosin production, while strain EAod9T ferments glucose without gas and is not pigmented. The major cellular fatty acids of both novel strains were C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c and C16 : 0. WGSobtained for both strains, along with the other five members of the clade, allowed the determination of ANI indexes and in silico estimations of DDH values, which confirmed that the two strains represent two novel species of the genus Vibrio: Vibriopalustris sp. nov. (with EAod9T=CECT 9027T=LMG 29724T as the proposed type strain) and Vibrio spartinae sp. nov. (with SMJ21T=CECT 9026T=LMG 29723T as the proposed type strain).


Assuntos
Amaranthaceae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Poaceae/microbiologia , Vibrio/classificação , Áreas Alagadas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha , Vibrio/genética , Vibrio/isolamento & purificação
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(6): 1669-1671, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28150577

RESUMO

The synonymy between Vibrio hemicentrotiKim et al. 2013 and Vibrio splendidus(Beijerinck 1900) Baumann et al. 1981 was suggested after a recent multilocus sequence analysis of the Splendidus clade, which included the type strains of both species. To clarify their status, we have determined genomic indexes from whole genome sequences of strains V. hemicentroti CECT 8714T and V. splendidus NCCB 53037T. Average Nucleotide Identities of 96.0-96.7 % and an in silico DNA-DNA hybridization value of 70.2 %, as well as similarity levels of selected housekeeping gene sequences support the consideration of V.hemicentroti as a later heterotypic synonym of V. splendidus.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Vibrio/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vibrio/genética
10.
Front Microbiol ; 8: 2645, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29375512

RESUMO

A taxogenomic study was conducted to describe two new Thalassobius species and to analyze the internal consistency of the genus Thalassobius along with Shimia and Thalassococcus. Strains CECT 5113T, CECT 5114, CECT 5118T, and CECT 5120 were isolated from coastal Mediterranean seawater, Spain. Cells were Gram-negative, non- motile coccobacilli, aerobic chemoorganotrophs, with an optimum temperature of 26°C and salinity of 3.5-5%. Major cellular fatty acids of strains CECT 5113T and CECT 5114 were C18 : 1 ω7c/ω6c and C10 : 0 3OH, G+C content was 54.4-54.5 mol% and were able to utilize propionate, L-threonine, L- arginine, and L-aspartate as carbon sources. They exhibited 98.3% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, 75.0-75.1 ANIb and 19.5-20.9 digital DDH to type strain of their closest species, Thalassobius maritimus. Based on these data, strains CECT 5113T and CECT 5114 are recognized as a new species, for which the name Thalassobius activus is proposed, with strain CECT 5113T (=LMG 29900T) as type strain. Strains CECT 5118T and CECT 5120 were found to constitute another new species, with major cellular fatty acids C18 : 1 ω7c/ω6c and C18 : 1 ω7c 11-methyl and a G+C content of 59.8 mol%; they were not able to utilize propionate, L-threonine, L- arginine or L-aspartate. Their closest species was Thalassobius mediterraneus, with values of 99.6% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, 79.1% ANIb and 23.2% digital DDH compared to the type strain, CECT 5383T. The name Thalassobius autumnalis is proposed for this second new species, with strain CECT 5118T (=LMG 29904T) as type strain. To better determine the phylogenetic relationship of the two new species, we submitted 12 genomes representing species of Thalassobius, Shimia, and Thalassoccocus, to a phylogenomic analysis based on 54 single protein-encoding genes (BCG54). The resulting phylogenomic tree did not agree with the current genera classification, as Thalassobius was divided in three clades, Thalassobius sensu stricto (T. mediterraneus, T. autumnalis sp. nov., and T. gelatinovorus), Thalassobius aestuarii plus the three Shimia spp (S. marina, S. haliotis, and Shimia sp. SK013) and finally, Thalasobius maritimus plus T. activus sp. nov. Thalassococcus halodurans remained apart from the two genera. Phenotypic inferences from explored genomes are presented.

11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 66(12): 5544-5549, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27902199

RESUMO

A novel Gram-staining-negative, chemoorganotrophic, moderately halophilic, strictly aerobic bacterium, strain MED121T, was isolated from a seawater sample collected at the Blanes Bay Microbial Observatory in the north-western Mediterranean Sea. Analysis of its 16S rRNA gene sequence, retrieved from the whole-genome sequence, showed that this bacterium was most closely related to Marinomonas dokdonensis and other Marinomonas species (96.3 and 93.3-95.7 % sequence similarities, respectively), within the family Oceanospirillaceae. Strain MED121T was included into a whole-genome sequencing study and, subsequently, it was characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. It was found to be oxidase and catalase positive, its cells are cocci to short rods, it does not ferment carbohydrates and does not reduce nitrate to nitrite or gas and it requires at least 2.5 % (w/v) marine salts and tolerates up to 7 % (w/v) salts. Its major cellular fatty acids in order of abundance are C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c, C18 : 1ω7c, C16 : 0 and C10 : 0 3-OH. Its genome had an approximate length of 5.1 million bases and a DNA G+C content equal to 40.9 mol%. Analysis of the annotated genes reveals the capacity for the synthesis of ubiquinone 8 (Q8) and the polar lipids phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine, in agreement with other members of the genus. All the data collected supported the creation of a novel species to accommodate this bacterium, for which the name Marinomonas blandensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MED121T (=CECT 7076T=LMG 29722T).


Assuntos
Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Mar Mediterrâneo , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
12.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 39(6): 361-9, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27238556

RESUMO

A multilocus sequence analysis was undertaken in order to redefine the Splendidus clade of the genus Vibrio, a large group of species containing several pathogenic members that affect fish and shellfish, and are difficult to identify through both phenotypic and genotypic approaches. The study included analysis of partial sequences of recA, gyrB, mreB, rpoD and pyrH genes, as well as the 16S rRNA gene. Seventeen type strain species were included that were complemented with other reference strains and a collection of isolates tentatively identified as members of this clade, as well as a set of other Vibrio species. The clade was well defined and stable in all analyses, and was confirmed to contain V. celticus, V. atlanticus, V. artabrorum, V. toranzoniae and V. hemicentroti, in addition to the twelve previously recognized species. While some species were well-defined members (e.g. Vibrio cyclitrophicus, V. chagasii) others formed tight groups that were related by sequence similarities and lineage topology, which suggested a synonymy among their members, particularly the V. splendidus-V. hemicentroti pair. Most of the isolates were related to two major groups: the V. celticus-V. crassostreae-V. gigantis subclade that contained all isolates from oysters sampled in the cold season, and V. chagasii that included oyster isolates from warm months. This suggested a sharp seasonal occurrence for these species. None of the single genes were able to mimic the resolving power of the five-gene MLSA and none worked well for the identification of the whole group of species in the clade.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Peixes/microbiologia , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Ostreidae/microbiologia , Frutos do Mar/microbiologia , Vibrio/classificação , Vibrio/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , DNA Girase/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Recombinases Rec A/genética , Estações do Ano , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Fator sigma/genética , Transferases/genética , Vibrio/isolamento & purificação
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 66(8): 2906-2909, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27125858

RESUMO

Strain 96-237T, a Gram-reaction-negative, curved- to spiral-shaped motile bacterium, isolated from coastal marine water, was found to be related to species of the genus Grimontia by 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison, sharing 98.3 % similarity to Grimontia marina CECT 8713Tand 98.8 % to 'Grimontiaindica' AK16. Phenotypic analysis revealed that strain 96-237T is slightly halophilic, mesophilic and facultatively anaerobic, fermenting d-glucose, d-ribose, d-mannose, d-mannitol, maltose and sucrose. It was positive for oxidase and indole production and negative for arginine dihydrolase and lysine and ornithine decarboxylases. Its major fatty acids were C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c (SF3), C18 : 1ω7c and C16 : 0. Its DNA G+C content was 48.4 mol%. The strain was different at the species level from all other species of the genusGrimontia, with average nucleotide identity indices of 79.6 % to Grimontia. hollisae CECT 8713T, 87.8 % to G. marina CECT 5069T and 89.1 % to 'G. indica' AK16 genomes. Thus, the strain represents a novel species for which we propose the name Grimontia celer and 96-237T (=CECT 9029T =KCTC 42960T =LMG 29238T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Vibrionaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha , Vibrionaceae/genética , Vibrionaceae/isolamento & purificação
14.
Genom Data ; 7: 233-6, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26981415

RESUMO

We report the draft genome sequence and annotation of Leisingera aquaemixtae CECT 8399(T) (DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank accession number CYSR00000000) which comprises 4,614,060 bp, 4313 protein coding genes, 54 tRNA coding genes and 7 rRNA coding genes. General findings of the annotated genome, such as pigment indigoidine operon, phenylacetate oxidation genes or predictable number of replicons, are commented in comparison to other Leisingera species. Average Nucleotide Identity between available genomes of type strains of species of Leisingera and Phaeobacter genera has been calculated to evaluate its current classification.

15.
Genom Data ; 7: 237-9, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26981416

RESUMO

Thalassobius mediterraneus is the type species of the genus Thalassobius and a member of the Roseobacter clade, an abundant representative of marine bacteria. T. mediterraneus XSM19(T) (= CECT 5383(T)) was isolated from the Western Mediterranean coast near Valencia (Spain) in 1989. We present here the draft genome sequence and annotation of this strain (ENA/DDBJ/NCBI accession number CYSF00000000), which is comprised of 3,431,658 bp distributed in 19 contigs and encodes 10 rRNA genes, 51 tRNA genes and 3276 protein coding genes. Relevant findings are commented, including the complete set of genes required for poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) synthesis and genes related to degradation of aromatic compounds.

16.
Stand Genomic Sci ; 11: 21, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26929790

RESUMO

Nereida ignava strain 2SM4(T) (= CECT 5292(T) = DSM 16309(T) = CIP 108404(T) = CCUG 49433(T)) is a marine bacterium belonging to the Roseobacter group of the family Rhodobacteraceae within the class Alphaproteobacteria. The strain was isolated from sea water surrounding cultivated oysters 2-3 miles off the Mediterranean coast near Valencia (Spain) and was phylogenetically related to uncultured clones of gall symbiont bacteria of some species of Prionitis alga. Here we describe the genome sequence and annotation of this organism, the type strain of the single species of this genus. The genome comprised 2,888,349 bp, 2,872 protein-coding genes and 52 RNA genes. The annotation revealed the capacity to produce bacteriocins, vitamins and auxins. Besides, it contained sulfur cycling related genes.

17.
Mar Genomics ; 28: 83-86, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26852259

RESUMO

Shimia marina is a member of the family Rhodobacteraceae described in 2006. Strain CL-TA03(T) (=CECT 7688(T)) was isolated from a biofilm formed on an acrylic slide submerged in surface water in a coastal fish farm in Tongyeong, Korea. Here we report the draft genome sequence and annotation of S. marina CECT 7688(T) which is composed by 4,001,860bp arranged in 45 scaffolds with a G+C content of 57.4%, 3878 protein coding genes, 40 tRNA genes, 4 rRNA genes and 1 repeat region. An overview of annotated genes revealed diverse genes encoding for exopolysaccharide and capsular biosynthesis enzymes, secondary metabolite biosynthesis enzymes, multiple antibiotic and metal resistance and the ability for degrading aromatic compounds.


Assuntos
Genoma Bacteriano , Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Composição de Bases , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
18.
Mar Genomics ; 26: 73-80, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26774858

RESUMO

Nautella italica is a member of the family Rhodobacteraceae described in 2009. Strain LMG 24365(T) (=CECT 7645(T), =DSM 26436(T), =CCUG 55857(T)) was isolated from a marine electroactive biofilm growing in a stainless steel cathode exposed to natural water in Genoa, Italy. Strain AD 41 (=CECT 7321) was isolated from water surrounding cultivated gilthead seabream larvae in Cádiz, Spain. The genomes of strains CECT 7645(T) and CECT 7321 were sequenced, assembled, annotated and compared. Here we describe the most relevant findings: biofilm formation, quorum sensing, resistance to multiple drugs, heavy metals and oxidative stress, cytotoxins, and poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) production genes. These genomes were also compared to current available genomes in NCBI Genome Database from members of the genus Nautella, Nautella sp. R11 and Nautella sp. ECSMB14104. The comparison showed a higher similarity between strains CECT 7645(T) and R11 compared to strain CECT 7321 and strain ECSMB14104. The genome similarity indexes allowed confirming and assigning strains CECT 7321, R11 and ECSMB14104 to the species N. italica.


Assuntos
Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Filogenia , RNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 66(4): 1686-1691, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26821806

RESUMO

Two strains of Gram-stain-negative, chemo-organotrophic, aerobic and halophilic gammaproteobacteria, isolated from within the stem and roots of Spartina maritima in salt marshes from the south Atlantic Spanish coast, were found to represent a novel species in the genus Marinomonas through phylogenetic analysis of their 16S rRNA genes and phenotypic characterization. 16S rRNA gene sequences of the two strains shared < 96.2% similarity with other Marinomonas species, with Marimonas alcarazii being the most similar in sequence. They required sodium ions for growth, were able to thrive at low (4 °C) temperatures and at salinities of 12-15%, were unable to hydrolyse any tested macromolecule except casein, and grew with different monosaccharides, disaccharides, sugar alcohols, organic acids and amino acids. The novel species differed from other Marinomonas species in the use of several sole carbon sources, its temperature and salinity ranges for growth, ion requirements and cellular fatty acid composition, which included C16:0, C16:1 and C18:1 as major components and C10:0 3-OH, C12:0 and C12:0 3-OH as minor components. The name Marinomonas spartinae sp. nov. is proposed, with SMJ19T (=CECT 8886T=KCTC 42958T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Poaceae/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Endófitos/classificação , Endófitos/genética , Endófitos/isolamento & purificação , Ácidos Graxos/química , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Caules de Planta/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha , Áreas Alagadas
20.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 38(3): 169-75, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25861826

RESUMO

A Multilocus Sequence Analysis (MLSA) was performed on members of the Scophthalmi clade in the genus Vibrio, including type and reference strains of the species V. scophthalmi, V. ichthyoenteri, and 39 strains phenotypically identified as Vibrio ichthyoenteri-like, with the aim of better defining boundaries between these two closely related, fish-associated species. The type strain of V. ponticus, recently added to the clade Scophthalmi, was also included. The study was based on partial sequences of the protein-coding housekeeping genes rpoD, mreB, recA, ftsZ, and gyrB, and the 16S rRNA. While the 16S rRNA gene-based trees were unable to pull apart members of V. scophthalmi or V. ichthyoenteri, both the other individual gene trees and the trees obtained from the five-genes concatenated sequences were able to consistently differentiate four subclades within the main clade, corresponding to the bona fide V. scophthalmi, V. ichthyoenteri, and two small ones that may represent a new species each. The best genes to differentiate V. scophthalmi from V. ichthyoenteri were rpoD, recA, and mreB. Vibrio ponticus failed to associate to the clade in the MLSA and in most single gene trees for which it should not be considered part of it. In this study we also confirm using genomic indexes that V. ichthyoenteri and V. scophthalmi are two separate species.


Assuntos
Vibrio/classificação , Vibrio/genética , Animais , Análise por Conglomerados , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Peixes/microbiologia , Genes Essenciais , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Homologia de Sequência , Vibrio/isolamento & purificação
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