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1.
Cureus ; 11(10): e5875, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31763098

RESUMO

Diphenoxylate-atropine (Lomotil) intoxication incidence was significantly high in the past, but seeing such cases in the present day of modern and advanced medicine, hints about the gaps in the practice of medicine. In our case, a general physician maltreated an infant for diarrhea with an adult dose of diphenoxylate-atropine (Lomotil), a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) unapproved drug, which caused labored breathing and pinpoint pupils. After being maltreated, at the time of presentation to the emergency room (ER), she was being misdiagnosed as a case of dehydration until doctors noticed miosis and reached the diagnosis of diphenoxylate-atropine (Lomotil) toxicity. Her condition completely reversed with a single dose of naloxone. Hence, this case highlights the need for basic knowledge about the dosage of drugs for different age groups, especially infants, along with the importance of adherence to the evaluation protocols for accurate management.

2.
Cureus ; 11(3): e4301, 2019 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31183281

RESUMO

Congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV), otherwise known as clubfoot (CF), is a common congenital abnormality of the foot, stemming in most cases from an idiopathic cause or in the remaining non-idiopathic occurrences, from meningomyelocele (MMC). Ponseti method (PM), being a gold standard treatment for the correction of this foot deformity, requires a series of regular casting usually accompanied by percutaneous tenotomy of the Achilles tendon and later maintained via abduction braces. Osteomyelitis (OM), as a complication of PM, is rarely reported especially in cases of CF-associated with MMC in which majority of the patients present with varying level of sensory deficit in the lower limbs. Therefore, the absence of pain due to neuropathy leads to a delayed diagnosis of cellulitis and chronic abscesses. We present a case of an eight-year-old male child with exogenous OM as a complication of PM affecting the tarsal bones of his right foot. After an established diagnosis using laboratory results and imaging modalities, the patient was successfully treated with broad spectrum antibiotics achieving full resolution of his clinical symptoms. We report this case due to its rarity.

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