Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 159
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026288

RESUMO

Shigella flexneri is a leading etiologic agent of diarrhea in low socioeconomic countries. Notably, various serotypes in S. flexneri are reported from different regions of the world. The precise approximations of illness and death owing to shigellosis are missing in low socioeconomic countries, although it is widespread in different regions. The inadequate statistics available reveal S. flexneri to be a significant food and waterborne pathogen. All over the world, different antibiotic-resistant strains of S. flexneri serotypes have been emerged especially multidrug-resistant strains. Recently, increased resistance was observed in cephalosporins (3rd generation), azithromycin, and fluoroquinolones. There is a need for a continuous surveillance study on antibiotic resistance that will be helpful in the update of the antibiogram. The shigellosis burden can be reduced by adopting preventive measures like delivery of safe drinking water, suitable sanitation, and development of an effective and inexpensive multivalent vaccine. This review attempts to provide the recent findings of S. flexneri related to epidemiology and the emergence of multidrug resistance.

2.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(1): 116-134, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892850

RESUMO

Peripheral nerve injury is a complex condition with a variety of signs and symptoms such as numbness, tingling, jabbing, throbbing, burning or sharp pain. Peripheral nerves are fragile in nature and can easily get damaged due to acute compression or trauma which may lead to the sensory and motor functions deficits and even lifelong disability. After lesion, the neuronal cell body becomes disconnected from the axon's distal portion to the injury site leading to the axonal degeneration and dismantlement of neuromuscular junctions of targeted muscles. In spite of extensive research on this aspect, complete functional recovery still remains a challenge to be resolved. This review highlights detailed pathophysiological events after an injury to a peripheral nerve and the associated factors that can either hinder or promote the regenerative machinery. In addition, it throws light on the available therapeutic strategies including supporting therapies, surgical and non-surgical interventions to ameliorate the axonal regeneration, neuronal survival, and reinnervation of peripheral targets. Despite the availability of various treatment options, we are still lacking the optimal treatments for a perfect and complete functional regain. The need for the present age is to discover or design such potent compounds that would be able to execute the complete functional retrieval. In this regard, plant-derived compounds are getting more attention and several recent reports validate their remedial effects. A plethora of plants and plant-derived phytochemicals have been suggested with curative effects against a number of diseases in general and neuronal injury in particular. They can be a ray of hope for the suffering individuals.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31938959

RESUMO

Shigella flexneri is considered as an important causative agent of Shigellosis causing diarrhea in the countries with a low socioeconomic status. No study has been carried out on the molecular prevalence of S. flexneri in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. So this study was designed to evaluate the molecular prevalence of S. flexneri and their associated risk factors. A total of 2014 diarrheal stool samples were collected from January 2016 to May 2017 from pediatrics patients of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa followed by identification of S. flexneri through biochemical, serological, and molecular methods. The overall prevalence of Shigella species was found to be 7.9% (n = 160). The predominant Shigella specie was S. flexneri (n = 155, 96.8%) followed by S. boydii (n = 5, 3.1%). Interestingly, no sample was found positive for S. sonnei and S. dysenteriae. The majority of Shigellosis cases occurred from June to September. Potential risk factors related with Shigellosis were unhygienic latrine usage, bad hand washing, and consumption of unhygienic food and water, and pipe leakage in the sewage system. In this study, we have observed a high number of Shigellosis cases especially those caused by S. flexneri. It is suggested that effective health awareness programs should be organized by the regional health authorities to minimize the magnitude of pediatrics Shigellosis.

4.
Clin Respir J ; 14(1): 16-20, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a multi-system granulomatous disease. The diagnostic procedures for histological confirmation are invasive and a less invasive approach to diagnostic pathway is warranted. The utility of diagnostic value of neck ultrasound was retrospectively evaluated. A histological diagnosis was made by ultrasound-guided head and neck core biopsy to confirm clinically and radiologically suspected sarcoidosis. METHODS: Twenty-five patients were referred for sonographic evaluation of the head and neck after CT scan in an attempt to avoid the use of more invasive tests. These patients had mediastinal adenopathy, but not clinically apparent neck nodes. Where no cervical lymph node suitable for biopsy was seen, parotid glands were biopsied if deemed abnormal. RESULTS: A diagnosis of sarcoidosis was made in all cases where a core biopsy of cervical lymph nodes was attempted. The cervical lymph nodes in this cohort were not particularly enlarged, short-axis dimensions being less than 10mm in majority, and they did not have any sonographic appearances to mark them as pathological. Nevertheless histological examination revealed non-caseating granulomas in all cases. In further two cases, where no neck nodes were seen, a histological diagnosis of sarcoidosis was made from biopsy of diffusely abnormal parotid glands. CONCLUSIONS: Given the clear advantages of cervical diagnosis in terms of invasiveness and economy compared to mediastinal alternatives, it is suggested that where the expertise for core biopsy of normal-sized cervical lymph nodes is readily available, the technique may be considered as a first-line investigation for the diagnosis of sarcoidosis.

5.
J Biomed Mater Res A ; 108(3): 394-411, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618509

RESUMO

Bone and cartilage tissue engineering is an integrative approach that is inspired by the phenomena associated with wound healing. In this respect, growth factors have emerged as important moieties for the control and regulation of this process. Growth factors act as mediators and control the important physiological functions of bone regeneration. Herein, we discuss the importance of growth factors in bone and cartilage tissue engineering, their loading and delivery strategies, release kinetics, and their integration with biomaterials and stem cells to heal bone fractures. We also highlighted the role of growth factors in the determination of the bone tissue microenvironment based on the reciprocal signaling with cells and biomaterial scaffolds on which future bone and cartilage tissue engineering technologies and medical devices will be based upon.

6.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(1): 133-142, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832939

RESUMO

Picotechnology development in vast disciplines is mainly attributed to the research and development (R and D) on nanotechnology. Being a parent technology, nanotechnology is the cornerstone of picotechnology. Like nanotechnology, the reference standard for picotechnology is nature, the cellular and subcellular functioning. Some studies have highlighted that the functional margin of similar type of molecules at picoscale (10-12) goes higher than at nanoscale (10-9). In this review, the potential applications of picotechnology have been evaluated especially in the disciplines of biomedical and environmental sciences. Extended surface area and improved electrical, chemical, optical, and mechanical properties make picotechnological products even better than nanomaterials. The fundamental objective of this study is to bring the attention of the scientific world towards the picoscale interventions and to highlight the wide scope of picotechnology as a newly emerging technology with applications in numerous sectors. Picotechnology has made it possible to measure very small structure in advance biomedical and environmental sciences studies. Adequate developments in picotechnology will certainly change human lives in near future because it will make possible for the research world to dive into systems and structures on picoscale. It will render a platform through which explorers can travel into ultra-small areas, which will lead to the creation of new dimensions as well as new opportunities. Eventually, in future, the picotechnology will become smaller enough to give birth to femtotechnology (10-15) in real-world applications.

7.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; 60(3): 351-374, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614244

RESUMO

Brain is a central and pivotal organ of human body containing the highest lipids content next to adipose tissue. It works as a monitor for the whole body and needs an adequate supply of energy to maintain its physiological activities. This high demand of energy in the brain is chiefly maintained by the lipids along with its reservoirs. Thus, the lipid metabolism is also an important for the proper development and function of the brain. Being a prominent part of the brain, lipids play a vast number of physiological activities within the brain starting from the structural development, impulse conduction, insulation, neurogenesis, synaptogenesis, myelin sheath formation and finally to act as the signaling molecules. Interestingly, lipids bilayer also maintains the structural integrity for the physiological functions of protein. Thus, in light to all of these activities, lipids and its metabolism can be attributed pivotal for brain health and its activities. Decisively, the impaired/altered metabolism of lipids and its intermediates puts forward a key step in the progression of different brain ailments including neurodegenerative, neurological and neuropsychiatry disorders. Depending on their associated underlying pathways, they serve as the potential biomarkers of these disorders and are considered as necessary diagnostic tools. The present review discusses the role and level of altered lipids metabolism in brain diseases including neurodegenerative diseases, neurological diseases, and neuropsychiatric diseases. Moreover, the possible mechanisms of altered level of lipids and their metabolites have also been discussed in detail.

8.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 61: 104810, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670249

RESUMO

Internal concentration polarization (ICP) represents a serious challenge in forward osmosis (FO) desalination since it causes a significant decline in the water flux across the membrane. Mitigation of ICP is cumbersome since the phenomenon occurs within the membrane porous support layer and mitigation procedures such as inducing turbulence or changing the hydrodynamic conditions tend to be ineffective. In this study, the effect of 40 kHz ultrasound on FO desalination of synthesized brackish and seawater was investigated. The studied process utilizes two different inorganic draw solutes (magnesium and copper sulfate) that are available commercially, can generate high osmotic pressures, and can be easily separated from the product water. Different concentrations of the draw solutions were considered. Results show that the applied ultrasound was effective in partially mitigating the ICP effects and enhancing the water flux. Depending on the feed and the draw solution concentration, flux enhancements of up to 34.6% and 43.9% were observed with magnesium sulfate and copper sulfate draw solution, respectively. In addition, it was observed that the effect of ultrasound on flux enhancement was more evident at lower draw solution concentrations. Although water flux was enhanced, ultrasound resulted in an increased reverse draw solute flux across the membrane.

9.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 147: 113-124, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855817

RESUMO

This study addressed the interactions between salt stress and the antioxidant responses of a halophytic grass, Desmostachya bipinnata. Plants were grown in a semi-hydroponic system and treated with different NaCl concentrations (0 mM, 100 mM, 400 mM) for a month. ROS degradation enzyme activities were stimulated by addition of NaCl. Synthesis of antioxidant compounds, such as phenols, was enhanced in the presence of NaCl leading to accumulation of these compounds under moderate salinity. However, when the ROS production rate exceeded the capacity of enzyme-controlled degradation, antioxidant compounds were consumed and oxidative damage was indicated by significant levels of hydrogen peroxide at high salinity. The cellular concentration of salicylic acid increased upon salt stress, but since no direct interaction with ROS was detected, a messenger function may be postulated. High salinity treatment caused a significant decrease of plant growth parameters, whereas treatment with moderate salinity resulted in optimal growth. The activity and abundance of superoxide dismutase (SOD) increased with salinity, but the abundance of SOD isoforms was differentially affected, depending on the NaCl concentration applied. Detoxification of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was executed by catalase and guaiacol peroxidase at moderate salinity, whereas the enzymes detoxifying H2O2 through the ascorbate/glutathione cycle dominated at high salinity. The redox status of glutathione was impaired at moderate salinity, whereas the levels of both ascorbate and glutathione significantly decreased only at high salinity. Apparently, the maximal activation of enzyme-controlled ROS degradation was insufficient in comparison to the ROS production at high salinity. As a result, ROS-induced damage could not be prevented, if the applied stress exceeded a critical value in D. bipinnata plants.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 699: 134181, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520944

RESUMO

In natural ecosystems, plants interact with biotic components such as microbes, insects, animals and other plants as well. Generally, researchers have focused on each interaction separately, which condenses the significance of the interaction. This limited presentation of the facts masks the collective role of constantly interacting organisms in complex communities disturbing not only plant responses but also the response of organisms for each other in natural ecological settings. Beneficial microorganisms interact with insect herbivores, their predators and pollinators in a bidirectional way through the plant. Fascinatingly, insects employ diverse tactics to protect themselves from parasites or predators. Influences of microbial and insects attack on plants can bring changes in info-chemical frameworks and play a role in the food chain also. After insect herbivory and microbial pathogenesis, plants exhibit intense morpho-physiological and chemical reprogramming that leads to repellence/attraction of attacking organism or its natural enemy. The characterization of such interactions in different ecosystems is receiving due consideration, and underlying molecular and physiological mechanisms must be the point of concentration to unveil the evolution of multifaceted multitrophic interactions. Therefore, we have focused this phenomenon in a more realistic setting by integrating ecology and physiology to portray these multidimensional interfaces. We have shown, in this article, physiological trajectories in plant-microbe and insect relationship and their ecological relevance in nature. We focus and discuss microbial pathogenesis in plants, induced defense and the corresponding behavior of herbivore insects and vice-versa. It is hoped that this review will stimulate interest and zeal in microbes mediated plant-insect interactions along with their ecological consequences and encourage scientists to accept the challenges in this field.

11.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(12)2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810256

RESUMO

Platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) are noteworthy scientific tools that are being explored in various biotechnological, nanomedicinal, and pharmacological fields. They are unique because of their large surface area and their numerous catalytic applications such as their use in automotive catalytic converters and as petrochemical cracking catalysts. PtNPs have been widely utilized not only in the industry, but also in medicine and diagnostics. PtNPs are extensively studied because of their antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anticancer properties. So far, only one review has been dedicated to the application of PtNPs to nanomedicine. However, no studies describe the synthesis, characterization, and biomedical application of PtNPs. Therefore, the aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive assessment of the current knowledge regarding the synthesis, including physical, chemical, and biological and toxicological effects of PtNPs on human health, in terms of both in vivo and in vitro experimental analysis. Special attention has been focused on the biological synthesis of PtNPs using various templates as reducing and stabilizing agents. Finally, we discuss the biomedical and other applications of PtNPs.

12.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 32(4(Supplementary)): 1901-1907, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680090

RESUMO

Pathogenic agents cause an increased risk of various fatal diseases and there is a need to reduce this risk using medicinal plants and their seeds. The present research work was designed to study the efficacy of different sunflower seed hybrid varieties (i.e. FH622, FH620, FH615, FH613 and FH545) chemically primed with potassium nitrate as natural antioxidant and antimicrobial agent. Antioxidant potential was determined using DPPH test, reducing power, TPC and TFC. Antibacterial activity was determined against Gram positive and Gram negative bacterial species. After one week, the germination data including mean germination and percentage of final emergence was calculated. It was found that seed varieties FH620 and FH615 have higher values of mean germination as compared to FH545 while FH615 has higher percentage of final emergence as compared to FH620 and FH545. High phenolic and flavonoid contents were observed in FH620 and FH615 as compared to FH545 variety. It was also observed that seed variety FH615 when treated with KNO3 solution had significantly high germination as well as antioxidant parameters and antibacterial activity as compared to other varieties. Similarly FH615 showed high antibacterial activities against Gram positive Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative Escherichia coli bacteria. This study showed that all selected sunflower hybrids have good antioxidant and antibacterial potentials that would further be used for different trials to cure different pathogen related diseases, and these are natural sources of antioxidants for commercial and therapeutic applications.

13.
Saudi J Biol Sci ; 26(7): 1716-1723, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762649

RESUMO

Natural products, including their purified materials, play a remarkable role in drug development. The Euphorbiaceae family, mainly Euphorbia tirucalli, is used in some traditional medicine, and has evidence that its latex comprises immunomodulatory properties and cytokine production. This study aimed to measure the in vivo production of chemokines (IL-1α, IL-1ß, IL-12, and RANTES), TH1 cytokines (IFN-γ, TNF-α, GM-CSF, and IL-2) and TH2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, and IL-13) in rats after treatments with ethanol latex extract of E. tirucalli. Vaccine treated and untreated rats were divided into seven groups to assess antimicrobial activities of the extracted components. After completion of the treatment schedule, blood was withdrawn and sera were collected. The results showed that the main component of the extract was a euphol compound. The extract showed antimicrobial activity and had the ability to modulate innate and adaptive immunity. Animals treated with extract for only 7 days before vaccination showed higher levels of antibody production. The extract showed antibacterial and antifungal activities. The extract could stimulate both adaptive and innate immunity. Pre-treatment with the extract increased immune responses in vaccinated animals, indicating the usefulness of the extract before immunization.

14.
Microb Pathog ; 138: 103793, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626917

RESUMO

Microbial consortia accompanied to all eukaryotes can be inherited from ancestors, environment, and/or from various food source. Gut microbiota study is an emerging discipline of biological sciences that expands our understanding of the ecological and functional dynamics of gut environments. Microorganisms associated with honey bees play an important role in food digestion, colony performance, immunity, pollination, antagonistic effect against different pathogens, amelioration of food and many more. Although, many repots about honey bee gut microbiota are well documented, microbiome with other key components of honey bees such as larvae, adults, their food (pollen, beebread, and honey), honey combs, and floral nectar are poorly understood. Mutual interactions and extent of the roles of microbial communities associated with honey bees are still unclear and demand for more research on the nutritional physiology and health benefits of this ecologically and economically important group. Here in this study, we highlighted all the honey bee microbiome that harbored from different life stages and other relevant components. The anatomical parts of honey bee (larvae, adults), food source (pollen, beebread, and honey), honey combs, and floral nectar were highly flourished by numerous microorganisms like bacteria (Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Actinomycetes, Bacilli, Bacteroidetes, Cocci, Clostridia, Coliforms, Firmicutes, Flavobacteriia, Mollicutes) and fungi (Dothideomycetes, Eurotiomycetes, Mucormycotina, Saccharomycetes, Zygomycetes, Yeasts, Molds). Some distinctive microbial communities of a taxonomically constrained species have coevolved with social bees. This contribution is to enhance the understanding of honey bee gut microbiota, to accelerate bee microbiota and microbiome research in general and to aid design of future experiments in this growing field.

15.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533474

RESUMO

Quercus floribunda Lindl. ex A. Camus nuts have important folklore uses, assessed for underexplored biological potential. Nuts galls or cores and coats were utilized for the preparation of extracts using 14 solvent systems. Antioxidant, antimicrobial, cytotoxic and enzyme inhibition assays along with phytochemical profiling was carried out. Distilled water cores extract demonstrated maximum percent yield, phenolics content and total antioxidant capacity. Methanol: ethyl acetate cores extract showed maximum flavonoids content, total reducing power and protein kinase inhibition. Highest percentage radical scavenging and brine shrimp lethality was revealed by acetone: distilled water cores extract. Ethyl acetate cores extract indicated maximum α-amylase inhibition. Methanol: water coats extract showed substantial leishmanial growth inhibition. n-Hexane and chloroform coats extracts showed maximum cytotoxicity against HepG2 and THP-1 cell lines, respectively. Polyphenols quantified through RP-HPLC analysis were quercetin, pyrocatechol, gallic acid, catechin and chlorogenic acid ranging from 0.003 ± 0.001 to 1.785 ± 0.5 µg/mg extract.

16.
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad ; 31(3): 364-367, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac Troponins are established markers of myocardial injury; however, they may be elevated in chronic renal failure (CRF) patients even in absence of acute myocardial infarction. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency of elevated Troponin T in patients of chronic renal failure without clinically suspected acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Medical B Unit of Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from 16th December 2013 to 16th June 2014. A sample of 117 patients of chronic renal failure was included in the study without any gender discrimination. The patients were defined as known chronic renal failure when renal failure was reported in their past medical history and by estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Those patients who had raised Troponin T due to any other reason like acute myocardial ischemia (chest pain, electrocardiographic changes and greater than 20% elevation in Troponin T from baseline), sepsis, heart failure and those who were receiving cardiotoxic chemotherapy were excluded. The subjects were enrolled by non-probability consecutive sampling. Results were analysed by SPSS 16.0. RESULTS: Out of 117 participants, 72 (61.5%) were males and 45 (38.5%) were females. The mean age of the study participants was 52.08±14.21 years. Elevated Troponin T was found in 45 (38.5%) of the patients. There is statistically significant association between the stage of CRF and elevated levels of Troponin T. Statistically significant negative correlation (r=-0.213,p=0.021) was found between the Glomerular Filtration Rate and serum levels of Troponin T. CONCLUSIONS: A high proportion of CRF patients have elevated Troponin T and the rise is significantly associated with the stage of chronic renal failure.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica , Troponina T/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/sangue , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Paquistão/epidemiologia
17.
J Mol Endocrinol ; 63(3): 175-185, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408847

RESUMO

Oxidative stress (OS) is a major problem during in vitro culture of embryos. Numerous studies have shown that melatonin, which is known to have antioxidant properties, prevents the occurrence of OS in embryos. However, the molecular mechanisms by which melatonin prevents OS in embryos are still unclear. The present study suggests a possible involvement of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2/antioxidant-responsive element (Nrf2/ARE) signaling pathway, which is one of the prominent signals for OS prevention through Nrf2 activation, connecting melatonin, OS prevention and porcine embryonic development. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of melatonin (10-7 M) on porcine embryonic development via the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway; brusatol (50 nM; Nrf2 specific inhibitor) was used to validate the mechanism. Treatment of porcine embryo with melatonin significantly increased formation rates of blastocysts and their total cell numbers and also upregulated the expression of Nrf2/ARE signaling and apoptosis-related genes (MT2, NRF2, UCHL, HO-1, SOD1 and BCL-2). Furthermore, the expression of proteins (NRF2 and MT2) was also upregulated in the melatonin-treated group. Concomitantly, brusatol significantly inhibited these effects, upregulating the expression of KEAP1 and BAX, including the expression level of KEAP1 protein. These results provide evidences that melatonin prevents OS through Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway in porcine in vitro fertilization -derived embryos.

18.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 13: 2235-2247, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371920

RESUMO

Purpose: Jatrorrhizine (JAT) is a natural protoberberine alkaloid, possesses detoxification, bactericidal and hypoglycemic activities. However, its anti-cancer mechanism is not clear. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of JAT through which inhibits colorectal cancer in HCT-116 and HT-29 cells. Methods: MTT assay and colony formation assay were used to check the cell proliferation ability. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle were measured by Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry, respectively. Cell migration and invasion were detected by scratch wound healing assay and trans-well assay, respectively. Further, expression of related proteins was examined via Western blotting and the in vivo anti-cancer effect of JAT was confirmed by nude mice xenograft model. Results: The research showed that JAT inhibited the proliferation of HCT-116 and HT-29 cells with IC50 values of 6.75±0.29 µM and 5.29±0.13 µM, respectively, for 72 hrs. It has also showed a time dependently, cell cycle arrested in S phase, promoted cell apoptosis and suppressed cell migration and invasion. In addition, JAT inhibited Wnt signaling pathway by reducing ß-catenin and increasing GSK-3ß expressions. Increased expression of E-cadherin, while decreased N-cadherin, indicating that JAT treatment suppressed the process of cell epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In HCT-116 nude mice xenograft model, JAT inhibited tumor growth and metastasis, and induced apoptosis of tumor cells. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that JAT efficiently inhibited colorectal cancer cells growth and metastasis, which provides a new point for clinical treatment of colorectal cancer.

19.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 32(3 (Supplementary)): 1145-1154, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326872

RESUMO

Survivin (IAP proteins) is considered as a significant target for anticancer drug research owing to its upregulation in tumor cells to mediate resistance to apoptotic stimulus. The current study aimed to investigate phytochemicals as inhibitors of survivin with caspases to reactivate the functioning of caspases through molecular docking. The compounds namely 2(R), 4(R)-dihydroxypyrrolidine, 4-hydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,1-dioxo-3,4-dihydrothieno[3,2-e]thiazine-6-sulfonamide, 2,3-Diketo-L-gulonic acid, (3-hydroxy-2-octadeca-9,12-dienoyloxypropyl) octadecanoate, 2-[[4-[[4-[(4-formamido-1-methylimidazole-2-carbonyl)amino]-1-methylimidazole-2-carbonyl]amino]-1-methylimidazole-2-carbonyl]amino]ethyl-dimethylazanium, Picolinic acid and (2-Hydroxy-5-nitrophenyl) dihydrogen phosphate successfully bind inside the pocket of survivin. ADMETsar was used to evaluate the anticancer potential of selected compounds. These compounds can be proposed as effective inhibitors, disrupting the survivin-caspases interaction and reactivating the caspases function of apoptosis. The study might facilitate the development of cost-effective and natural drugs against cancer. However, further validation is essential for confirmation of its drug efficacy and bio-compatibility.

20.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 32(3 (Supplementary)): 1145-1154, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303583

RESUMO

Survivin (IAP proteins) is considered as a significant target for anticancer drug research owing to its upregulation in tumor cells to mediate resistance to apoptotic stimulus. The current study aimed to investigate phytochemicals as inhibitors of survivin with caspases to reactivate the functioning of caspases through molecular docking. The compounds namely 2(R), 4(R)-dihydroxypyrrolidine, 4-hydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,1-dioxo-3,4-dihydrothieno[3,2-e]thiazine-6-sulfonamide, 2,3-Diketo-L-gulonic acid, (3-hydroxy-2-octadeca-9,12-dienoyloxypropyl) octadecanoate, 2-[[4-[[4-[(4-formamido-1-methylimidazole-2-carbonyl)amino]-1-methylimidazole-2-carbonyl]amino]-1-methylimidazole-2-carbonyl]amino]ethyl-dimethylazanium, Picolinic acid and (2-Hydroxy-5-nitrophenyl) dihydrogen phosphate successfully bind inside the pocket of survivin. ADMETsar was used to evaluate the anticancer potential of selected compounds. These compounds can be proposed as effective inhibitors, disrupting the survivin-caspases interaction and reactivating the caspases function of apoptosis. The study might facilitate the development of cost-effective and natural drugs against cancer. However, further validation is essential for confirmation of its drug efficacy and bio-compatibility.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Survivina/antagonistas & inibidores , Survivina/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacocinética , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/toxicidade , Caspases/metabolismo , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacocinética , Compostos Fitoquímicos/toxicidade , Conformação Proteica , Survivina/metabolismo , Distribuição Tecidual
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA