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1.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 98, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether or not, prophylactic neurosurgical interventions of split cord malformation (SCM) before undertaking corrective surgery was the focus of debate. The present study was performed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of posterior-only surgical correction with heavy halo-femoral traction for the treatment of rigid congenital scoliosis (RCS) associated with SCM. METHODS: From 2011 to 2017, 24 patients suffered from RCS associated with SCM underwent posterior-only surgical correction with heavy halo-femoral traction. The apex of the deformity was lumbar (n = 9), thoracic (n = 11), and thoracolumbar (n = 4). There were 13 cases of failure of segmentation; 4 cases of failure of formation and 7 cases of mixed defects. Based on SCM classification, there were 14 patients with SCM type 1 and 10 patients with SCM type 2. The Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 and modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) scores were assessed preoperatively and at the final follow up. RESULTS: The mean duration of surgery was 327.08 ± 43.99 min and the mean blood loss was 1303.33 ± 526.86 ml. The mean follow-up period was 20.75 ± 8.29 months. The preoperative mean coronal Cobb angle was 80.38° ± 13.55°; on the bending radiograph of the convex side, the mean Cobb angle was 68.91° ± 15.48°; the mean flexibility was 15.04% ± 7.11%. After heavy halo-femoral traction, the mean coronal Cobb angle was reduced to 56.89° ± 13.39°. After posterior-only surgical correction, postoperative mean coronal Cobb angle was further reduced to 32.54° ±11.33°. The postoperative mean correction rate was 60.51% ± 7.79%. At the final follow up, the corrective loss rate of Cobb angle was only 3.17%. The SRS-22 total score improved at the final follow-up evaluation compared with the preoperative SRS-22 total score. The spinal cord function was stable and there were no new neurological symptoms after correction. There were no significant differences between final follow-up and preoperative mJOA total scores. CONCLUSIONS: Without prophylactic neurosurgical intervention and spine-shortening osteotomy, posterior-only surgical correction with heavy halo-femoral traction could be safe and effective for the treatment of RCS associated with SCM.

2.
Diabetes ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974141

RESUMO

Current therapeutic strategies for diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) have focused on developing topical healing agents, but few agents have controlled prospective data to support their effectiveness in promoting wound healing. We tested a stem cell mobilizing therapy for DFU using a combination of AMD3100 and low-dose FK506 (Tacrolimus) (AF) in streptozocin-induced type 1 diabetic (T1DM) rats and type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats that had developed peripheral artery disease and neuropathy. Here we show that the time for healing back wounds in T1DM rats was reduced from 27 to 19 days, and the foot wound healing time was reduced from 25 to 20 days, by treatment with AF (SubQ, q.o.d). Similarly, in GK rats treated with AF the healing time on back wounds was reduced from 26 to 21 days. Further, this shortened healing time was accompanied by reduced scar and by regeneration of hair follicles. We found that AF therapy mobilized and recruited bone marrow-derived CD133+ and CD34+ endothelial progenitor cells and Ym1/2+ M2 macrophages into the wound sites, associated with enhanced capillary and hair follicle neogenesis. Moreover, AF therapy improved microcirculation in diabetic and neuropathic feet in GK rats. This study provides a novel systemic therapy for healing DFU.

3.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(10): 4700-4707, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854841

RESUMO

The ecosystem respiration and temperature sensitivity (Q10) of paddy soil play very important roles in the emission of greenhouse gases from paddy ecosystems. Under intermittent irrigation and flooding irrigation conditions, a static opaque chamber and gas chromatography method were applied to study the regulation and influence of ecosystem respiration and Q10 using five treatments:no fertilizer (CK), conventional fertilization (NPK), 10t·hm-2 biochar with chemical fertilizer (LBC), 20t·hm-2 biochar with chemical fertilizer (MBC), and 40t·hm-2 biochar with chemical fertilizer (HBC). The results showed that:① The temperature sensitivity coefficients (Q10) of ecosystem respiration under flooding irrigation were 4.45 (CK), 7.40 (NPK), 6.44 (LBC), 4.58 (MBC), and 3.87 (HBC), respectively. Flooding irrigation significantly reduced the Q10 value of the paddy field ecosystem compared to intermittent irrigation (P<0.01). CK, NPK, LBC, MBC, and HBC decreased by 48.6%, 55.2%, 67.9%, 70.3%, and 70.8% under flooding irrigation, respectively. ② Whether intermittent irrigation or flooding irrigation was adopted, the application of fertilizer with biochar increased the respiration of the paddy field ecosystem than conventional fertilization treatment, but the effect of different biochar levels on respiration was not significant. ③ The application of chemical fertilizer with medium or low amounts of biochar increased the temperature sensitivity of respiration compared with no fertilization in the paddy field ecosystems (P<0.05), but both MBC and HBC treatments reduced the Q10 value of paddy field ecosystem compared with NPK. Furthermore, the temperature sensitivity of respiration in the paddy field ecosystem decreased with an increase in the level of biochar application. Therefore, under the two irrigation methods, HBC treatment was more effective than LBC and MBC treatments to inhibit the effect of increasing soil temperature on the respiration of the ecosystem.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671853

RESUMO

Background: Food safety incidents have aroused widespread public health concern, causing food price risk. However, the causal paths remain largely unexplored in previous literature. This paper sets out to identify the relations of local and spatial spillovers of food safety incidents and public health concerns to food price risk in consumer markets within a setting with heterogeneous food safety risk levels. Methods: (i) Theoretically, unlike prior work, this paper decomposes food safety risks into food safety incidents (objective incident component) and public health concern (subjective concern component). This article develops a theoretical framework of causality to capture the underlying causal pathways motivated by the theories of limited attention and two-step flow of communication. (ii) Empirically, using avian influenza shocks in China's poultry markets as natural experiments, this paper differentiates between low- and high-risk food and incidents. The article adopts dynamic spatial panel models to analyze potential nonlinearity, moderation, and mediation in the spillover of food safety risk to food price risk for a long panel of 30 provinces covering the November 2007 to November 2017 period. Results: (i) Food safety incident alone only triggers high-risk food price risk, not low-risk food price risk. (ii) Public health concern amplifies nonlinear food price risk triggered by food safety incident. (iii) High-risk incident intensifies negative pressure of public health concern on food price risk. (iv) Food safety incident indirectly affects high-risk food price risk through public health concern. Conclusions: Using a setting with heterogeneous risk levels, this paper documents that (i) food safety incident itself does not necessarily determine food price risk, whereas it is actually public health concern that directly causes nonlinear food price risk; (ii) public health concern spillover to food price risk is negatively moderated by high-risk incident, and (iii) food safety incident spillover to high-risk food price risk is mediated by public health concern. The findings complement current research by (i) elucidating the diverse impacts of food safety incident and public health concern on food price risk, which are obscure in previous literature, and (ii) highlighting that heterogeneous food and incident risk levels matter for determining food price risk spillover.

5.
Cancer Discov ; 9(9): 1228-1247, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189531

RESUMO

Epigenetic gene regulation and metabolism are highly intertwined, yet little is known about whether altered epigenetics influence cellular metabolism during cancer progression. Here, we show that EZH2 and NRASG12D mutations cooperatively induce progression of myeloproliferative neoplasms to highly penetrant, transplantable, and lethal myeloid leukemias in mice. EZH1, an EZH2 homolog, is indispensable for EZH2-deficient leukemia-initiating cells and constitutes an epigenetic vulnerability. BCAT1, which catalyzes the reversible transamination of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), is repressed by EZH2 in normal hematopoiesis and aberrantly activated in EZH2-deficient myeloid neoplasms in mice and humans. BCAT1 reactivation cooperates with NRASG12D to sustain intracellular BCAA pools, resulting in enhanced mTOR signaling in EZH2-deficient leukemia cells. Genetic and pharmacologic inhibition of BCAT1 selectively impairs EZH2-deficient leukemia-initiating cells and constitutes a metabolic vulnerability. Hence, epigenetic alterations rewire intracellular metabolism during leukemic transformation, causing epigenetic and metabolic vulnerabilities in cancer-initiating cells. SIGNIFICANCE: EZH2 inactivation and oncogenic NRAS cooperate to induce leukemic transformation of myeloproliferative neoplasms by activating BCAT1 to enhance BCAA metabolism and mTOR signaling. We uncover a mechanism by which epigenetic alterations rewire metabolism during cancer progression, causing epigenetic and metabolic liabilities in cancer-initiating cells that may be exploited as potential therapeutics.See related commentary by Li and Melnick, p. 1158.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 1143.

6.
J Chromatogr A ; 1600: 80-86, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31047663

RESUMO

Lysozyme is widely used in medical, food and industrial fields due to its bacteriolytic effect and thus it is significant to design and develop a specific adsorbent with high adsorption capacity and selectivity for lysozyme. Inspired by the high uptake capacity of tetrafluoroterephthalonitrile-crosslinked porous ß-cyclodextrin polymers (P-CDPs) and the noncovalent interaction between lysozyme and carboxyl groups, the carboxyl-functionalized P-CDPs (P-CDP-COO-) were synthesized by base-catalysed hydrolysis of nitrile group in P-CDPs to carboxyl. Porous structure, large extent of carboxylic functional groups, cyclodextrin's preventing aggregation, and negatively charged make P-CDP-COO- possess an outstanding adsorption capability for lysozyme. The maximum saturated adsorption capacity reaches 1520 mg g-1, which is much better than the parent polymer and other reported materials. The as-prepared material was successfully utilized for the selective extraction of lysozyme from egg white.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Química Analítica/métodos , Clara de Ovo/química , Muramidase/isolamento & purificação , beta-Ciclodextrinas/química , Adsorção , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Ciclodextrinas/química , Muramidase/química , Porosidade
7.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 7149, 2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31073167

RESUMO

Adhesions are a very common complication in the abdominal surgery. Animal studies and human trials have evaluated strategies designed to reduce and prevent postsurgical adhesions but few have an evidence base that justifies routine use. A strategy to prevent adhesions effectively remains an urgent need. We studied a reproducible model of intra-peritoneal adhesion formation in rats using laparotomy with several peritoneal sutures to produce the adhesions. Here we show that entraining endogenous stem cells into injury sites using the combined effect of AMD3100 and low-dose FK-506 (AF) can reduce the adhesion score significantly and abolish peritoneal adhesions in 45% of animals in a rat model of severe postsurgical intra-abdominal adhesions, compared with saline controls. Searching for mechanisms, we found AF treatment dramatically increased SDF-1 expressing cells, HGF expressing Ym1+ M2 macrophages and CD133+ stem cells in the injury sites of peritoneal surface at day 5 post-operation. Our results demonstrate that medically induced recruitment of autologous stem cells using AF significantly reduced postsurgical intra-abdominal adhesions. These findings suggest a novel effective therapeutic approach to preventing adhesions in patients.

8.
J Vis Exp ; (147)2019 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31132054

RESUMO

Kidney transplantation offers increased survival rates and improved quality of life for patients with end-stage renal disease, as compared to any type of renal replacement therapy. Over the past few decades, the rat kidney transplantation model has been used to study the immunological phenomena of rejection and tolerance. This model has become an indispensable tool to test new immunomodulatory pharmaceuticals and regimens prior to proceeding with expensive preclinical large animal studies. This protocol provides a detailed overview of how to reliably perform orthotopic kidney transplantation in rats. This protocol includes three distinctive steps that increase the probability of success: perfusion of the donor kidney by flushing through the portal vein and the use of a cuff system to anastomose the renal veins and ureters, thereby decreasing cold and warm ischemia times. Using this technique, we have achieved survival rates beyond 6 months with normal serum creatinine in animals with syngeneic or tolerant kidney transplants. Depending on the aim of the study, this model can be modified by pre- or posttransplant treatments to study the acute, chronic, cellular, or antibody-mediated rejection. It is a reproducible, reliable, and cost-effective animal model to study different aspects of kidney transplantation.

9.
Cell Chem Biol ; 26(5): 652-661.e4, 2019 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30827938

RESUMO

The combination of AMD3100 and low-dose FK506 has been shown to accelerate wound healing in vivo. Although AMD3100 is known to work by releasing hematopoietic stem cells into circulation, the mechanism of FK506 in this setting has remained unknown. In this study, we investigated the activities of FK506 in human cells and a diabetic-rat wound model using a non-immunosuppressive FK506 analog named FKVP. While FKVP was incapable of inhibiting calcineurin, wound-healing enhancement with AMD3100 was unaffected. Further study showed that both FK506 and FKVP activate BMP signaling in multiple cell types through FKBP12 antagonism. Furthermore, selective inhibition of BMP signaling abolished stem cell recruitment and wound-healing enhancement by combination treatment. These results shed new light on the mechanism of action of FK506 in acceleration of wound healing, and raise the possibility that less toxic FKBP ligands such as FKVP can replace FK506 for the treatment of chronic wounds.

10.
Pharmacology ; 103(1-2): 101-109, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30522105

RESUMO

It has been reported that taxifolin inhibit osteoclastogenesis in RAW264.7 cells. In our research, the inhibition effects of taxifolin on the osteoclastogenesis of human bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) induced by receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) as well as the protection effects in lipopolysaccharide-induced bone lysis mouse model have been demonstrated. In vitro, taxifolin inhibited RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation of human BMMs without cytotoxicity. Moreover, taxifolin significantly suppressed RANKL-induced gene expression, including tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, matrix metalloproteinase-9 nuclear factor of activated T cells 1 and cathepsin K, and F-actin ring formation. Further studies showed that taxifolin inhibit osteoclastogenesis via the suppression of the NF-κB signaling pathway. In vivo, taxifolin prevented bone loss in mouse calvarial osteolysis model. In conclusion, the results suggested that taxifolin has a therapeutic potential for osteoclastogenesis-related diseases such as osteoporosis, osteolysis, and rheumatoid arthritis.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea/induzido quimicamente , Reabsorção Óssea/tratamento farmacológico , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Ligante RANK/antagonistas & inibidores , Actinas/metabolismo , Animais , Catepsina K/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Quinase I-kappa B/metabolismo , Macrófagos/citologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/metabolismo , Osteólise/induzido quimicamente , Osteólise/tratamento farmacológico , Osteólise/patologia , Quercetina/farmacologia , Ligante RANK/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo
11.
Burns ; 45(5): 1014-1023, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30497816

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Severe burns are often associated with high morbidity and unsatisfactory functional and esthetic outcomes. Over the last two decades, stem cells have generated great hopes for the treatment of numerous conditions including burns. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the role of stem cell therapy as a means to promote burn wound healing. METHODS: Comprehensive searches in major databases were carried out in March 2017 for articles on stem cell therapy in burn wound healing. In total 2103 articles were identified and screened on the basis of pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria. RESULTS: Fifteen experimental and two clinical studies were included in the review. The majority of studies reported significant improvement in macroscopic burn wound appearance as well as a trend toward improved microscopic appearance, after stem cell therapy. Other parameters evaluated, such as re-vascularization, collagen formation, level of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators, apoptosis and cellular infiltrates, yielded heterogeneous results across studies. CONCLUSION: Stem cell therapy appears to exert a positive effect in burn wound healing. There is, therefore, justification for continued efforts to evaluate the use of stem cells as an adjunct to first-line therapies in burns.

12.
Pathogens ; 7(4)2018 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30477234

RESUMO

The liver stage of the Plasmodium life cycle features sporozoite traversal of the liver sinusoidal barrier through Kupffer cells (KCs) followed by invasion of hepatocytes. Little is known about the interaction of Plasmodium sporozoites with KCs, the liver-resident macrophages. Previous reports suggest KCs do not mount a pro-inflammatory response and undergo cell death following this interaction. Our work explores this interaction using primary rat KCs (PRKCs) and Plasmodium berghei sporozoites. We analyzed PRKC culture supernatants for markers of an immunological response through cytokine arrays. Additionally, cell wounding and death were assessed by monitoring lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels in these supernatants and by live/dead cell imaging. We found that PRKCs mount an immunological response to P. berghei sporozoites by releasing a diverse set of both pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, including IFNγ, IL-12p70, Mip-3α, IL-2, RANTES, IL-1α, IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, EPO, VEGF, IL-7, and IL-17α. We also observed no difference in LDH level or live/dead staining upon sporozoite exposure, suggesting that the KCs are not deeply wounded or dying. Overall, our data suggest that sporozoites may be actively modulating the KC's reaction to their presence and altering the way the innate immune system is triggered by KCs.

13.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 39(5): 2351-2359, 2018 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29965536

RESUMO

In order to explore the effects of different amounts of biochar applied in purple paddy soil on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, potted experiments using a static opaque chamber and gas chromatography method were used to study the regulations and influences of biochar on soil greenhouse gas emission using five treatments:no fertilizer (CK), conventional fertilization (NPK), 10 t ·hm-2 biochar+NPK (LBC), 20 t ·hm-2 biochar+NPK (MBC), and 40 t ·hm-2 biochar+NPK (HBC). ① Soil CH4 emission flux reduced significantly with all biochar application treatments; the emission flux followed the order, from large to small, of NPK > CK > LBC > MBC > HBC. The CH4 emission flux of each treatment showed a single peak curve, and the peak value was mainly concentrated in the late growth stage of the paddy cropland. During the entire observation period, the emission flux of CH4 was between -0.05 mg ·(m2 ·h)-1 and 47.34 mg ·(m2 ·h)-1. The CO2 emission flux of each treatment was complicated and ranged from 32.95 mg ·(m2 ·h)-1 to 1350.88 mg ·(m2 ·h)-1. The CO2 emission flux of the LBC and MBC treatments showed bimodal curves, and the CO2 emission flux of other treatments showed single peak curves. In addition, all biochar treatments delayed the peak time of the CO2 emission flux. The N2O emission flux of each treatment ranged from -309.39 to 895.48 µg ·(m2 ·h)-1, and the N2O emission flux of the LBC treatment showed a bimodal curve, while other treatments showed single peak curves. ② Compared with the CK treatment, biochar treatment can significantly reduce the cumulative emissions of CH4 and promote the cumulative emissions of CO2 and N2O. The average amount of CH4 cumulative emissions followed the order CK > LBC > MBC > HBC, while the average amount of CO2 cumulative emissions followed LBC > MBC > HBC > CK, and the average amount of N2O cumulative emissions followed HBC > MBC≈LBC > CK. Compared with conventional fertilization treatment, different application rates of biochar addition significantly reduced CH4 and CO2 emissions. As more biochar was added, CH4 and CO2 cumulative emissions were lower. Although the regulation of N2O cumulative emissions on biochar addition was not obvious, the application of nitrogen fertilizer could promote the emission flux of N2O to some extent. ③ Over the time scale of 100 years, the integrated global warming potentials (GWP) of CH4 and N2O emission under different biochar treatment were decreased significantly, indicating that biochar combined with chemical fertilizer is an effective GHG emission reduction measure.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Solo/química , Agricultura , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Fertilizantes , Metano/análise , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Oryza
14.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 39(6): 2827-2836, 2018 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29965641

RESUMO

China is the leading country for production of edible mushrooms and also outputs numerous mushroom residues. The recycling of mushroom residue can solve environmental pollution problems, provide nutrients for the farmland, and play an important role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing soil carbon sequestration capacity. In order to investigate the effects of mushroom residue amounts on net greenhouse gas emissions in purple paddy soil, potted experiments using static opaque chamber and gas chromatography methods were used to study the changes of greenhouse gases, soil carbon sequestration, and net greenhouse gas emissions (NGHGE) in the paddy soil with five treatments: no fertilizer (CK), conventional fertilization (NPK), 9 t·hm-2 mushroom residue+NPK (LM), 18 t·hm-2 mushroom residue+NPK (MM), and 36 t·hm2 mushroom residue+NPK (HM) from March 2017 to September 2017.The results showed that: ① The greenhouse gas emissions (including CH4, CO2, and N2O) increased with increasing additions of mushroom residue. The emissions of CH4 from highest to lowest followed: HM > MM > LM≈NPK > CK. The HM treatment significantly increased the CH4 emission flux (P<0.01) more than the other treatments and showed an obvious single peak curve, while the CH4 emission flux with the LM treatment showed a bimodal curve, and the MM treatment showed a multiple peak curve. The CO2 emission flux followed: MM > NPK≈LM > HM > CK; and the curves for the LM, MM, and HM treatments were a single peak curve, bimodal curve, and multiple peak curve, respectively. The N2O cumulative emission from the NPK treatment was significantly higher than with the other treatments. The N2O emission flux of the NPK treatment was a bimodal curve and that of the HM treatment was a single peak curve, while the N2O emission flux of treatments LM and MM showed multiple peak curves. ② The carbon sequestration capacity with the LM treatment was lower than that of the other treatments and that from the MM treatment was the highest. The carbon sequestration capacity of the MM treatment increased by 59.2% compared to that of the NPK treatment and increased by 87.79% and 65.65% compared to that of the LM and HM treatments. The LM treatment has the highest carbon sequestration capacity, which was higher than that of the NPK and MM treatments and about 2.1 times greater than the CK treatment and HM treatment. ③ The minimum NGHGE value was -490.29 kg·hm-2 for the whole rice production period, and 18 t·hm-2 mushroom residue applied to the soil was the best way to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions in purple paddy soil.


Assuntos
Agaricales , Fertilizantes , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Solo/química , Agricultura , Dióxido de Carbono , Sequestro de Carbono , China , Metano , Óxido Nitroso , Oryza
15.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 159: 153-165, 2018 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29990881

RESUMO

A new and sensitive ultra fast liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-MS/MS) method was developed to evaluate the quality of Red ginseng (RG) and to find out its chemical markers by comparing with multi-batches of RG and white ginseng (WG). This innovative method could quantify sixty-six saponins and their six aglycones including 10 pairs of 20(S) and 20(R) epimers within 35 min simultaneously. All compounds could be determined in individual multiple-reaction monitoring channel without interference, and the optimized method was rapid, accurate, precise, reproducible and efficient. Using the orthogonal partial least squared discriminant analysis, ginsenosides Rg5, Rh4, Rk1, Rs4, F4, and 20(S)-Rg3 were found to be the characteristic components of RG, the six compounds should be suggested as quality control markers to distinguish RG from WG. These findings will be significant for standardizing the processing procedures of RG and ensuring the consistent quality, as well as consequently the efficacy of RG in clinical applications. Results will be helpful in providing crucial chemical profiles of RG.


Assuntos
Ginsenosídeos/análise , Panax , Saponinas/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/normas , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida/normas , Ginsenosídeos/química , Panax/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Saponinas/química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/normas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
16.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 3587, 2018 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29483616

RESUMO

Rapid regeneration of the remnant liver is critical for preventing liver failure and promoting recovery after extensive liver resection. Numerous studies have demonstrated the involvement of bone marrow-derived stem cells in liver regeneration and the potential benefits of bone marrow stem cell therapy. To avoid the preparation of stem cells, we proposed in this study to mobilize endogenous bone marrow stem cells pharmacologically with a combination of AMD3100 (A), an antagonist of CXCR4 and low-dose FK506 (F). Here we show that AF combination therapy significantly increased lineage negative (Lin-) CD34+ and Lin-CD133+ stem cells in peripheral blood and enhanced recruitment of CD133+ cells into the remnant liver in a rat model of 85% partial hepatectomy. Recruiting CD133+ stem cells in the remnant liver was associated with increased proliferation of hepatic oval cells and paralleled the increased SDF-1, CXCR4 and HGF expression. Importantly, AF combination therapy increased the number of Ki67 positive hepatocytes and BrdU incorporation in the remnant liver and improved serum levels of albumin. Our results demonstrate that pharmacological mobilization of endogenous bone marrow stem cells with AF combination therapy can enhance endogenous stem cell mobilization to promote liver regeneration and improve liver function after extensive hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Hepatectomia/reabilitação , Regeneração Hepática/efeitos dos fármacos , Regeneração Hepática/fisiologia , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Antígeno AC133/metabolismo , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Inibidores de Calcineurina/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Fator de Crescimento de Hepatócito/metabolismo , Compostos Heterocíclicos/farmacologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Receptores CXCR4/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Albumina Sérica/análise , Tacrolimo/farmacologia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 28(3): 240-243, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29317167

RESUMO

Panax ginseng as a traditional Chinese medicine has been extensively used for the treatment of many diseases, especially in prolonging life and anti-tumor. Dammarane-type triterpenoids from P. ginseng have diverse beneficial effects and their chemical structures can be modified in the gastrointestinal tract after oral administration. In this paper, the dammarane-type triterpenoids were isolated from artificial gastric juice incubate of total saponins in the stems and leaves of P. ginseng through column chromatographic methods and their chemical structures were determined based on spectral data. Two new dammarane-type triterpenoids named ginsenotransmetins B (1) and C (2), along with twenty-nine known compounds (3-31), were obtained. All 31 compounds isolated were investigated for their activities of SIRT1 using SIRT1 fluorometric drug discovery assay kit. Among them, compounds 11, 17, 18, 20, 23, 24, 28, and 29, which were found to be potential as SIRT1 activators, exhibited significant stimulation of SIRT1 activity. The results showed that these compounds may be considered to be a useful medicinal resource for prolonging life and anti-tumor. In addition, the results were helpful to explain the longevity effect of ginseng from the new field of view.


Assuntos
Ativadores de Enzimas/química , Panax/química , Saponinas/química , Sirtuína 1/química , Triterpenos/química , Ativadores de Enzimas/isolamento & purificação , Folhas de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/química , Saponinas/isolamento & purificação , Estereoisomerismo , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação
18.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 1223, 2018 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29352123

RESUMO

Accurate delineation of gliomas from the surrounding normal brain areas helps maximize tumor resection and improves outcome. Blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) functional MRI (fMRI) has been routinely adopted for presurgical mapping of the surrounding functional areas. For completely utilizing such imaging data, here we show the feasibility of using presurgical fMRI for tumor delineation. In particular, we introduce a novel method dedicated to tumor detection based on independent component analysis (ICA) of resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) with automatic tumor component identification. Multi-center rs-fMRI data of 32 glioma patients from three centers, plus the additional proof-of-concept data of 28 patients from the fourth center with non-brain musculoskeletal tumors, are fed into individual ICA with different total number of components (TNCs). The best-fitted tumor-related components derived from the optimized TNCs setting are automatically determined based on a new template-matching algorithm. The success rates are 100%, 100% and 93.75% for glioma tissue detection for the three centers, respectively, and 85.19% for musculoskeletal tumor detection. We propose that the high success rate could come from the previously overlooked ability of BOLD rs-fMRI in characterizing the abnormal vascularization, vasomotion and perfusion caused by tumors. Our findings suggest an additional usage of the rs-fMRI for comprehensive presurgical assessment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/normas , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Componente Principal
19.
Infect Genet Evol ; 57: 138-144, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29158203

RESUMO

Spinal tuberculosis (TB) accounts for 1%-5% of all TB infections. Host genetic variation influences susceptibility to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) expressed on cells has been identified as a regulatory molecule in cell death/apoptosis, killing of intercellular pathogens, and bone turnover. This study investigated the P2X7 gene polymorphisms and protein levels in spinal TB. P2X7 gene -762C>T and 489C>T polymorphisms were genotyped. The expression of P2X7R in bone or intervertebral disc (ID) tissues was analyzed by Western blot assay. The -762C>T and 489C>T polymorphisms were associated with susceptibility to spinal TB. Having the -762CC genotype and -762C allele increased the risk of developing spinal TB (CC vs. TT: P=0.031, OR [95%CI]=1.865 [1.053-3.304]; C vs. T: P=0.028, OR [95%CI]=1.355 [1.034-1.775]). The presence of the 489T allele was associated with an increased risk of developing spinal TB (TT vs. CC: P=0.004, OR [95%CI]=2.248 [1.283-3.939]; CT vs. CC: P=0.044, OR [95%CI]=1.755 [1.011-3.047]; T vs. C: P=0.004, OR [95%CI]=1.482 [1.134-1.936]; TT+CT vs. CC: P=0.010, OR [95%CI]=1.967 [1.171-3.304]; TT vs. CT+CC: P=0.037, OR [95%CI]=1.489 [1.023-2.167]). The expression of P2X7R in TB-induced bone lesions increased significantly among spinal TB patients (t=0.011). Carrying the P2X7 -762CC genotype and 489T allele is associated with an increased risk of developing spinal TB in a Southern Chinese Han population.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/genética , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/metabolismo , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/genética , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Masculino , Fenótipo , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/patologia
20.
J Sep Sci ; 41(5): 1039-1049, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29205862

RESUMO

This study was conducted to determine the variations of ginsenosides in Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma when using different preparation solvents and explore the major factors for changes. With an established ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry method which could quantify 52 ginsenosides, the extraction differences were characterized and compared using different solvents (water, 70% aqueous ethanol, and ethanol). Subsequently, a series of aqueous solutions with different pH were prepared to test the influence of pH to the changes of ginsenosides. Meanwhile, acetic acid and aspartic acid were used to verify whether the reaction had a relationship with the kind of acids. After refluxing with water, not only highly polar ginsenosides were extracted, some less polar ginsenosides such as ginsenoside Rg3 , Rg5 , Rk1 , and Rh2 occurred or increased rapidly. Further experiments indicated that less polar ginsenosides were easier to generate at low pH values, and the reaction was only related to pH other than what kind of acids were used. It is the first time to elaborate the contents variation of 52 ginsenosides when using different extraction methods. The results indicated that decoction with water could enhance the transformation of highly polar ginsenosides to less polar ginsenosides and the process was pH dependent.


Assuntos
Ginsenosídeos/análise , Panax/química , Água/química , Configuração de Carboidratos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Soluções , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
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