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Nano Lett ; 19(8): 5070-5076, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322902


Phonon polaritons hold potential prospects of nanophotonic applications at the mid- and far-infrared wavelengths. However, their experimental investigation in the far-infrared range has long been a technical challenge due to the lack of suitable light sources and detectors. To obviate these difficulties, here we use an electron probe with sub-10 meV energy resolution and subnanometer spatial resolution to study far-infrared surface phonon polaritons (∼50-70 meV) in ZnO nanostructures. We observe ultraslow propagation and interference fringes of propagating surface phonon polaritons and obtain their dispersion relation through measurements in the coordinate space. By mapping localized modes in nanowires and flakes, we reveal their localized nature and investigate geometry and size effects. Associated with simulation, we show that surface phonon polariton behaviors can be well described by the local continuum dielectric model. Our work paves the way for spatial-resolved investigation of surface phonon polaritons by electron probes and forwards polaritonics in the far-infrared range.