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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32189458

RESUMO

AIM: This aim of this study was to determine the association between uterine natural killer (uNK) cell density and chronic endometritis (CE). METHODS: Endometrial biopsies from 135 women with recurrent miscarriage were obtained precisely 7 days after luteinizing hormone surge in natural cycles. Endometrial sections were immunostained for CD56 for uNK cells and CD138 for plasma cells, respectively. Uterine NK cell counting was performed according to a standardized protocol and results were expressed as percentage of CD56+ cells/ total stromal cells. High uNK cell density was defined as >4.5% and CE was diagnosed when the plasma cell density > 5.15 cells/ 10 mm2 . RESULTS: The uNK cells density in women with CE (median, 5.1%; range, 3.4-8.8%) was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than that of those without CE (median, 3.8%; range, 1.2%-7.3%). The prevalence of high uNK cell density in women with CE (11/29, 37.9%) was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than that of women without CE (8/106, 7.5%). CONCLUSION: To conclude, there was a significant association between high uNK cell density and CE. In women with high uNK cell density, plasma cell should be examined to determine if the underlying cause is associated with CE.

2.
Reprod Sci ; 27(2): 575-584, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046435

RESUMO

Considerable efforts have been invested to elucidate the potential mechanisms involved in the physiopathology of endometriosis. However, to date, prior research has not been conclusive. This research has examined one particular mechanism, i.e., the effect of ADAR1 on endometriosis lesions. Eutopic endometrium was collected from women with (n = 25) and without endometriosis (n = 25), respectively. The expression of ADAR1 mRNA was measured based on quantitative real-time polymerase chain reactions (RT-qPCR). Both Western blot and immunohistochemistry were performed to establish ADAR1 protein expression levels. The results indicated that ADAR1 mRNA and proteins were significantly greater in the eutopic endometrium of the women with endometriosis, compared to the women without (P < 0.05). The Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and EdU method were conducted to examine the effect of ADAR1 on cell viability and proliferation in eutopic endometriosis cells. A transwell assay was also used to detect the role of ADAR1 in the invasion of endometrial cells. The results obtained showed that ADAR1 promoted endometrial cell viability, proliferation, and invasion (P < 0.05). This informed our conclusion that the ADAR1 gene is upregulated in endometriosis, potentially paying a pivotal role in the physiopathology of endometriosis.

3.
Genes (Basel) ; 8(1)2017 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28106799

RESUMO

RNA editing, particularly A-to-I RNA editing, has been shown to play an essential role in mammalian embryonic development and tissue homeostasis, and is implicated in the pathogenesis of many diseases including skin pigmentation disorder, autoimmune and inflammatory tissue injury, neuron degeneration, and various malignancies. A-to-I RNA editing is carried out by a small group of enzymes, the adenosine deaminase acting on RNAs (ADARs). Only three members of this protein family, ADAR1-3, exist in mammalian cells. ADAR3 is a catalytically null enzyme and the most significant function of ADAR2 was found to be in editing on the neuron receptor GluR-B mRNA. ADAR1, however, has been shown to play more significant roles in biological and pathological conditions. Although there remains much that is not known about how ADAR1 regulates cellular function, recent findings point to regulation of the innate immune response as an important function of ADAR1. Without appropriate RNA editing by ADAR1, endogenous RNA transcripts stimulate cytosolic RNA sensing receptors and therefore activate the IFN-inducing signaling pathways. Overactivation of innate immune pathways can lead to tissue injury and dysfunction. However, obvious gaps in our knowledge persist as to how ADAR1 regulates innate immune responses through RNA editing. Here, we review critical findings from ADAR1 mechanistic studies focusing on its regulatory function in innate immune responses and identify some of the important unanswered questions in the field.

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