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1.
Front Immunol ; 12: 785717, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34868069

RESUMO

Intrauterine adhesion (IUA) is an endometrial fibrosis disease caused by repeated operations of the uterus and is a common cause of female infertility. In recent years, treatment using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been proposed by many researchers and is now widely used in clinics because of the low immunogenicity of MSCs. It is believed that allogeneic MSCs can be used to treat IUA because MSCs express only low levels of MHC class I molecules and no MHC class II or co-stimulatory molecules. However, many scholars still believe that the use of allogeneic MSCs to treat IUA may lead to immune rejection. Compared with allogeneic MSCs, autologous MSCs are safer, more ethical, and can better adapt to the body. Here, we review recently published articles on the immunomodulation of allogeneic and autologous MSCs in IUA therapy, with the aim of proving that the use of autologous MSCs can reduce the possibility of immune rejection in the treatment of IUAs.

2.
Preprint em Inglês | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-21268103

RESUMO

A new severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) lineage, B.1.1.529, was recently detected in Botswana and South Africa and is now circulating globally. Just two days after it was first reported to the World Health Organization (WHO), this strain was classified as a variant of concern (VOC) and named Omicron. Omicron has an unusually large number of mutations, including up to 39 amino acid modifications in the spike (S) protein, raising concerns that its recognition by neutralizing antibodies from convalescent and vaccinated individuals may be severely compromised. In this study, we tested pseudoviruses carrying the SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoproteins of either the Wuhan reference strain, the Beta, the Delta or the Omicron variants of concern with sera of 51 participants that received two doses or a third dose ([≥]6 months after dose 2) of the mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccine BNT162b2. Immune sera from individuals who received two doses of BNT162b2 had more than 22-fold reduced neutralizing titers against the Omicron as compared to the Wuhan pseudovirus. One month after a third dose of BNT162b2, the neutralization titer against Omicron was increased 23-fold compared to two doses and antibody titers were similar to those observed against the Wuhan pseudovirus after two doses of BNT162b2. These data suggest that a third dose of BNT162b2 may protect against Omicron-mediated COVID-19, but further analyses of longer-term antibody persistence and real-world effectiveness data are needed.

3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793816

RESUMO

In recent years, tissue engineering has emerged as a promising approach to address limitations of organ transplantation. The ultimate goal of tissue engineering is to provide scaffolds that closely mimic the physicochemical and biological cues of native tissues' extracellular matrix. In this endeavor, new generation of scaffolds have been designed that utilize the incorporation of signaling molecules in order to improve cell recruitment, enhance angiogenesis, exert healing activities, and increase the engraftment of the scaffolds. Among different signaling molecules, the role of erythropoietin (EPO) in regenerative medicine is increasingly being appreciated. It is a biological macromolecule which can prevent programed cell death, modulate inflammation, induce cell proliferation, and provide tissue protection in different disease models. In this review, we have outlined and critically analyzed different techniques of scaffolds' modification with EPO or EPO-loaded nanoparticles. We have also explored different strategies for the incorporation of EPO into scaffolds. Non-hematopoietic functions of EPO have also been discussed. Finalizing with detailed discussion surrounding the applications, challenges, and future perspectives of EPO-modified scaffolds in regenerative medicine.

4.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 405, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795208

RESUMO

Thalidomide induces γ-globin expression in erythroid progenitor cells, but its efficacy on patients with transfusion-dependent ß-thalassemia (TDT) remains unclear. In this phase 2, multi-center, randomized, double-blind clinical trial, we aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of thalidomide in TDT patients. A hundred patients of 14 years or older were randomly assigned to receive placebo or thalidomide for 12 weeks, followed by an extension phase of at least 36 weeks. The primary endpoint was the change of hemoglobin (Hb) level in the patients. The secondary endpoints included the red blood cell (RBC) units transfused and adverse effects. In the placebo-controlled period, Hb concentrations in patients treated with thalidomide achieved a median elevation of 14.0 (range, 2.5 to 37.5) g/L, whereas Hb in patients treated with placebo did not significantly change. Within the 12 weeks, the mean RBC transfusion volume for patients treated with thalidomide and placebo was 5.4 ± 5.0 U and 10.3 ± 6.4 U, respectively (P < 0.001). Adverse events of drowsiness, dizziness, fatigue, pyrexia, sore throat, and rash were more common with thalidomide than placebo. In the extension phase, treatment with thalidomide for 24 weeks resulted in a sustainable increase in Hb concentrations which reached 104.9 ± 19.0 g/L, without blood transfusion. Significant increase in Hb concentration and reduction in RBC transfusions were associated with non ß0/ß0 and HBS1L-MYB (rs9399137 C/T, C/C; rs4895441 A/G, G/G) genotypes. These results demonstrated that thalidomide is effective in patients with TDT.

5.
JVS Vasc Sci ; 2: 149-158, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617065

RESUMO

Identification of carotid artery atherosclerosis is conventionally based on measurements of luminal stenosis. However, histopathologic studies demonstrate considerable differences between plaques with identical degrees of stenosis and indicate that certain plaque features are associated with increased risk for ischemic events. As a result of the rapid technological evolution in medical imaging, several important steps have been taken in the field of carotid plaque imaging allowing us to visualize the carotid atherosclerotic plaque and its composition in great detail. For computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography, and ultrasound scan, evidence has accumulated on novel imaging-based markers that confer information on carotid plaque vulnerability, such as intraplaque hemorrhage and lipid-rich necrotic cores. In terms of the imaging-based identification of individuals at high risk of stroke, routine assessments of such imaging markers are the way forward for improving current clinical practice. The current review highlights the main characteristics of the vulnerable plaque indicating their role in the etiology of ischemic stroke as identified by intensive plaque imaging.

6.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 617, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Humeral lateral condyle fractures (HLCFs) are common paediatric fractures. Radiographs are hard to accurately evaluate and diagnose the damage of articular epiphyseal cartilage in HLCFs. METHODS: 60 children who should be suspected to be HLCFs in clinical practice from Dec 2015 to Nov 2017 were continuously included as the first part patients. Subsequently, 35 HLCFs patients with complete follow-up information who had no obvious displacement on radiograph were the second part patients. The sensitivity and specificity of radiograph and MRI in diagnosing of HLCFs and their stability were calculated respectively. Calculated the sensitivity and specificity of each scan sequence of MRI in diagnosing of HLCFs osteochondral fractures. The degree of fracture displacement was measured respectively. Compared the ratio of surgical treatment, secondary fracture displacement and complications between the stable fracture group and the unstable fracture group on MRI in part 2 patients. RESULTS: Sensitivity of diagnosing HLCFs by MRI was significantly higher than radiograph (100.00% vs. 89.09%, P = 0.03). Sensitivity of diagnosing integrity of trochlear cartilage chain by MRI was 96.30%, which was significantly higher than that by radiograph (62.96%, P < 0.01). The sensitivity of cartilage sensitive sequence (3D-FS-FSPGR/3D-FSPGR) was different with FS-PDWI and FS-T2WI (P = 0.01 and P = 0.02, respectively). The degree of HLCFs displacement by MRI was higher than radiograph (P < 0.05). In the unstable fracture group, 5 cases (45.45%) had a fracture displacement of more than 2 mm on MRI, which was significantly higher than that in stable fracture group (0.00%, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: MRI is superior to the radiograph of elbow joint in evaluating and diagnosing children HLCFs and their stability. The coronal 3D-FS-FSPGR/3D-FSPGR sequence is a significant sequence for diagnosing osteochondral fractures in HLCFs. MRI can provide important clinical value for treatment decisions of HLCFs without significant displacement.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499395

RESUMO

A highly enantioselective NiH-catalyzed hydrocyclization of alkynones with unparalleled anti- and endocyclic selectivities is described. The choice of the precatalysts has significant influence in tuning the regio- and enantioselectivity. Using Ni(OTs)2 /Phox as a precatalyst and (EtO)2 MeSiH as a hydride source, an array of enantioenriched O-, N-, and S-containing heterocyclic tertiary allylic alcohols are obtained in 24-81 % yields with 80:20-99:1 er. Mechanistic investigations and synthetic application are also carried out. This study represents an efficient access to a set of allylic alcohols that are unable to access by the state-of-the-art coupling reactions.

8.
Eat Weight Disord ; 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537927

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Limited research has evaluated the role of Social Networking Sites (SNS) in eating disorder (ED) recovery. While research has demonstrated the deleterious effects of pro-ED SNS content, less is known regarding SNS content documenting ED recovery. This study evaluates orientation towards help-seeking, ongoing ED warning signs and recovery themes on ED recovery SNS hashtags. METHODS: 600 Instagram posts were retrieved from two popular hashtags: #EDrecovery and #EatingDisorderRecovery. They were categorized into four thematic concerns: Food, Quotes, People or Others. Posts were analysed for behavioural and psychological signs of ED based on the Mental Health First Aid Eating Disorders Guidelines, and whether they encouraged seeking professional help. Thematic qualitative analysis to evaluate themes posted on recovery hashtags was conducted. RESULTS: Of the 600 posts, 405 were used for analysis. The majority of posts were on Food (49.6%), Quotes (24.2%) and People (22.7%). Behavioural and psychological signs suggestive of EDs were present in 18.0% and 22.5% of images, respectively. Only 9.4% of posts encouraged seeking professional help. Important themes that emerged from the qualitative analysis included the recovery journey, increased awareness and stigma for EDs and the development of a supportive community. CONCLUSIONS: Despite identifying with ED recovery, posts had a high prevalence of ongoing ED behaviour and low prevalence of help-seeking. Thematic analysis emphasized the role of recovery as a journey and the role of stigma and community in recovery. These findings suggest that SNSs could potentially be leveraged as a platform to improve help-seeking and encourage recovery for users with eating disorders. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, descriptive study.

9.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 208: 112087, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500204

RESUMO

Herein, the Cu2O yolk-shell nanospheres, nanocubes and microcubes were successfully prepared by a simple seed-medium process. The formation of the Cu2O yolk-shell nanospheres can be attributed to the self-assembly process caused by the introduction of the seed medium. The formation mechanism of our obtained Cu2O yolk-shell nanospheres and the dependence of Cu2O morphology on different surfactants have been studied. The obtained samples were applied in the field of non-enzymatic glucose detection. The electrochemical response characteristics of the modified electrodes toward glucose were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA). The electrode modified with C-Cu2O (obtained by using CTAB as surfactant) shared the highest sensitivity of 3123 µAmM-1 cm-2, whereas, the electrode modified with S-Cu2O (obtained by using SDBS as surfactant) exhibited the lowest LOD of 0.87 µM and the widest linear range of 0.05-10.65 mM. All obtained sensors showed fast response to the addition of glucose. The obtained electrodes showed better responses to glucose than other coexisting interferences, indicating that the obtained electrodes had the acceptable selectivity to glucose. In addition, the stability for 5 consecutive weeks had also been studied and exhibited satisfactory results. The obtained electrode was also used to detect the glucose content in real serum. The acceptable selectivity, stability together with the excellent sensing ability in real serum make the obtained electrodes a potential for practical applications.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Cobre , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Eletrodos , Glucose , Tensoativos
10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(18)2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577308

RESUMO

In this paper, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a three-dimensional (3D) microscopic system that reconstructs a 3D image based on structured light illumination. The spatial pattern of the structured light changes according to the profile of the object, and by measuring the change, a 3D image of the object is reconstructed. The structured light is generated with a digital micro-mirror device (DMD), which controls the structured light pattern to change in a kHz rate and enables the system to record the 3D information in real time. The working distance of the imaging system is 9 cm at a resolution of 20 µm. The resolution, working distance, and real-time 3D imaging enable the system to be applied in bridge and road crack examinations, and structure fault detection of transportation infrastructures.

11.
Indian J Orthop ; 55(Suppl 2): 426-435, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34306557

RESUMO

Background: Distal tibia fractures present challenges in surgical management and when nailing is not an option, plate osteosynthesis is performed. This is usually done with a minimally invasive approach to reduce the risk of wound complications in an already fragile soft-tissue envelope. We propose that a posterolateral open approach can lead to stable fixation construct and comes with advantages of approaching fibula fractures via same approach and has a thicker soft tissue envelope over the fixation. We report a series of distal tibia fractures with posterolateral plate fixation and present the outcomes. Methods: This is a retrospective review conducted at a single institution, where 13 patients underwent posterolateral approach for distal tibia fracture fixation. Where required, medial plating and fibular fixation was additionally performed. Patients were followed-up with primary endpoint of successful clinical and radiological union or complications required re-intervention. Operative and long-term clinical outcomes were recorded. Results: Long term follow-up was available for 12 patients. There was 1 non-union requiring revision (8.3%). For the other patients, clinical union occurred by 14.5 weeks and radiological union by 20 weeks on average. There was no malunion and 2 patients (16.6%) underwent removal of implants for symptoms of hardware irritation. Conclusion: We found that outcomes in our cohort demonstrate posterolateral plating is safe as a primary or adjunctive method of fixation, and does not compromise other outcomes when compared with traditional fixation methods.

12.
ACS Omega ; 6(25): 16438-16445, 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235315

RESUMO

ZnO electrospun nanofibers can act as seed fibers to fabricate multidentate barbed fibers perpendicular to the growth of the fibers using the chemical bath deposition (CBD) method. Fibers with a multirod morphology have a porous grid structure. The sample is easy to recover, and the nonpolar surface in the sample is sufficiently exposed. In the research of barbed fiber fabrication and adsorption on bovine serum albumin (BSA), the effects of different chemical bath conditions on the growth of ZnO nanorods were discussed. Barbed fibers with large slenderness ratios were obtained at a water content of 60 mL at 75 °C. Each milligram of barbed fibers can quickly adsorb about 162 µg of protein within 30 min. The adsorption activity of BSA between polar and nonpolar ZnO surfaces was also studied. The selective adsorption behavior of BSA on the nonpolar surface was revealed.

13.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 537, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) that link genotype to phenotype represent an effective means to associate an individual genetic background with a disease or trait. However, single-omics data only provide limited information on biological mechanisms, and it is necessary to improve the accuracy for predicting the biological association between genotype and phenotype by integrating multi-omics data. Typically, gene expression data are integrated to analyze the effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on phenotype. Such multi-omics data integration mainly follows two approaches: multi-staged analysis and meta-dimensional analysis, which respectively ignore intra-omics and inter-omics associations. Moreover, both approaches require omics data from a single sample set, and the large feature set of SNPs necessitates a large sample size for model establishment, but it is difficult to obtain multi-omics data from a single, large sample set. RESULTS: To address this problem, we propose a method of genotype-phenotype association based on multi-omics data from small samples. The workflow of this method includes clustering genes using a protein-protein interaction network and gene expression data, screening gene clusters with group lasso, obtaining SNP clusters corresponding to the selected gene clusters through expression quantitative trait locus data, integrating SNP clusters and corresponding gene clusters and phenotypes into three-layer network blocks, analyzing and predicting based on each block, and obtaining the final prediction by taking the average. CONCLUSIONS: We compare this method to others using two datasets and find that our method shows better results in both cases. Our method can effectively solve the prediction problem in multi-omics data of small sample, and provide valuable resources for further studies on the fusion of more omics data.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Genótipo , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
14.
Preprint em Inglês | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-21261159

RESUMO

BackgroundBNT162b2 is a lipid nanoparticle-formulated, nucleoside-modified RNA vaccine encoding a prefusion-stabilized, membrane-anchored SARS-CoV-2 full-length spike protein. BNT162b2 is highly efficacious against COVID-19 and is currently authorized for emergency use or conditional approval worldwide. At the time of authorization, data beyond 2 months post-vaccination were unavailable. MethodsIn an ongoing, placebo-controlled, observer-blinded, multinational, pivotal efficacy study, 44,165 [≥]16-year-old participants and 2,264 12-15-year-old participants were randomized to receive 2 doses, 21 days apart, of 30 {micro}g BNT162b2 or placebo. Study endpoints reported here are vaccine efficacy (VE) against laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 and safety data, both up to 6 months post-vaccination. ResultsBNT162b2 continued to be safe and well tolerated. Few participants had adverse events leading to study withdrawal. VE against COVID-19 was 91% (95% CI 89.0-93.2) through up to 6 months of follow-up, among evaluable participants and irrespective of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection. VE of 86%-100% was seen across countries and in populations with diverse characteristics of age, sex, race/ethnicity, and COVID-19 risk factors in participants without evidence of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection. VE against severe disease was 97% (95% CI 80.3-99.9). In South Africa, where the SARS-CoV-2 variant of concern, B.1.351 (beta), was predominant, 100% (95% CI 53.5, 100.0) VE was observed. ConclusionWith up to 6 months of follow-up and despite a gradually declining trend in vaccine efficacy, BNT162b2 had a favorable safety profile and was highly efficacious in preventing COVID-19. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04368728)

15.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 270, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34049539

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Free bone fragments were difficult to be fixed in many comminuted midshaft clavicle fractures, and the absence of cortical alignment in comminuted fractures had direct influence on the stability of fixation. This survey was performed to assess the efficacy of doubled-suture Nice knot augmented plate fixation in the treatment of comminuted midshaft clavicle fractures. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2018, all patients with comminuted midshaft clavicle fractures treated with doubled-suture Nice knot augmented plate fixation were retrospectively reviewed and included in this research. Demographic data of the patients, characteristics of the fractures, intraoperative parameters and follow-up data of the patients were evaluated and summarized. RESULTS: A total of 56 patients were included in this study. The mean follow-up time was 25.6 months (range, 12-60 months). The number of male patients was 38 (67.9 %) and of the female patients was 18 (32.1 %). The average age of all patients was 47.89 ± 16.5 years. The mean time of surgery was 85.6 ± 24.0 min. The average length of incision was 9.2 ± 1.9 cm. The number of doubled-suture Nice knot applied ranged from 1 to 5 knots. All the patients reached bone union after the treatment. There was no implant failure or neurovascular injury observed. And most of the patients showed good functional outcome. CONCLUSIONS: The doubled-suture Nice knot could provide reliable fixation for small bone fragments in comminuted clavicle fractures. Combination of the doubled-suture Nice knot and plate screws fixation was a safe and effective method in comminuted midshaft clavicle fractures treatment.


Assuntos
Clavícula , Fraturas Cominutivas , Adulto , Clavícula/diagnóstico por imagem , Clavícula/cirurgia , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Cominutivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Cominutivas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suturas
16.
Opt Express ; 29(7): 10117-10133, 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33820145

RESUMO

We propose a mechanism of Rydberg double antiblockade by virtue of a resonant dipole-dipole interaction between a pair of Rydberg atoms placed at short distances scaling as 1/R3. By combining this novel excitation regime with microwave-driven fields and dissipative dynamics, a stationary qutrit entangled state can be obtained with high quality, the corresponding steady-state fidelity and purity are insensitive to the variations of the dynamical parameters. Furthermore, we introduce time-dependent laser fields with periodically modulated amplitude to speed up the entanglement creation process. Numerical simulations reveal that the order of magnitude of the shortened convergence time is about 103 in units of ω0, and the acceleration effect appears valid in broad parametric space. The present results enrich the physics of the Rydberg antiblockade regimes and may receive more attention for the experimental investigations in dissipative dynamics of neutral atoms.

17.
Anesth Analg ; 133(1): 58-67, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Topical pharmacological agents typically used to treat postoperative sore throat (POST) after tracheal intubation include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, lidocaine, Glycyrrhiza (licorice), and N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists (including ketamine and magnesium). However, the optimal prophylactic drug remains elusive. METHODS: The literature published before September 8, 2019 was searched on the PubMed, the Embase, the Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) covering topical prophylactic medications for patients with POST were included. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system was used to assess the quality of evidence. The primary outcome is the risk of POST. Combining both direct and indirect evidence, a network meta-analysis was performed to assess odds ratios (ORs) between the topical pharmacological agents and surface under the cumulative ranking (SUCRA) curve for the treatment-based outcomes. This study is registered with PROSPERO, number CRD42020158985. RESULTS: Sixty-two RCTs (at least 73% of which were double blinded) that included a total of 6708 subjects and compared 6 categories of drugs and/or placebos were ultimately enrolled. All preventive interventions except lidocaine were more effective than placebo at the 4 time intervals. Lidocaine (OR: 0.35, 95% credible interval [CrI], 0.16-0.79) has a greater POST preventative intervention effect than the placebo at a time interval of only 2 to 3 hours after surgery. Relative to lidocaine, the risk of POST except 2 to 3 hours was lower for the following treatments: corticosteroids, ketamine, magnesium, NSAIDs, and Glycyrrhiza. The NMDA receptor antagonists studied here included ketamine and magnesium. Magnesium generally demonstrated greater benefit than ketamine at 24 hours postsurgery/extubation (OR: 0.41, 95% CrI, 0.18-0.92). Compared with ketamine, corticosteroids were associated with a reduced risk of POST during the 4 to 6 hours (OR: 0.40, 95% CrI, 0.19-0.83) and 24 hours (OR: 0.34, 95% CrI, 0.16-0.72) time intervals. During the 2 to 3 hours time interval, Glycyrrhiza (OR: 0.38, 95% CrI, 0.15-0.97) was more efficacious than magnesium. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis shows that, among the 6 topical medications studied, lidocaine is not optimal for topical use to prevent POST. Glycyrrhizin, corticosteroids, NSAIDs, and NMDA receptor antagonists (ketamine and magnesium) are associated with a reduced postoperative pharyngeal pain across the 4 postsurgical time intervals studied, all of which can be chosen according to the clinical experience of the anesthesiologists and the patient preferences and are recommended for the reduction of postoperative throat pain.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Faringite/prevenção & controle , Administração Tópica , Extubação/efeitos adversos , Extubação/tendências , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/tendências , Metanálise em Rede , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Faringite/etiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 592: 291-295, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676191

RESUMO

Due to the crucial influence of interface structure and strain on the performance of heterojunctions, they have received extensive attention in recent years. In this article, the interface structure and strain of the Bi2Sr2CuO6+δd(Bi-2201)/MgO superconducting heterojunction prepared by molecular beam epitaxy were investigated by aberration-corrected high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and geometric phase analysis (GPA). The interfacial atomic sequence is determined as MgO-(CuO-CuO-Cu/BiO)-(Bi-2201)n, where a 0.53 nm thick CuO interlayer accompanied by Bi/Cu atomic co-occupation is observed between the Bi-2201 film and the MgO substrate. In addition, there is a typical coherent lattice-matching epitaxial interface between CuO/MgO with no defects and a semi-coherent domain-matching epitaxial interface between Bi-2201/CuO accompanied by an ideal misfit dislocation network. Because misfit dislocations almost compensate for the strain caused by lattice mismatch, the final Bi-2201 film undergoes in-plane compressive strain (εxx ~ -0.573%) rather than expected tensile strain relative to bulk Bi-2201, which is attributed to the thermal expansion mismatch. The compressive strain gradually releases as the distance from the heterointerface increases.

19.
Glob Chang Biol ; 27(11): 2392-2402, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740267

RESUMO

Forest mortality and resilience driven by drought disturbances have attracted tons of attention. However, the acquisition of continuous spatial-temporal data is generally enslaved to the conventional field investigations. In this study, the resilience of semiarid forest was characterized with canopy dynamics from remote sensing observations, combining the variations in canopy greenness and water content. We integrated dense normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and normalized difference infrared index (NDII) time series from Landsat datasets, intending to assess the canopy resilience in 24 conifer patches along a climatic aridity gradient at the southern edge of the taiga in northern Mongolia and southern Siberia of Russia. The results exhibited four patterns of coordinated NDVI-NDII variation trends, indicating that the canopy water content of coniferous forests may decrease at first during a drought period, and sustained water loss may, in turn, induce an accompanying reduction in canopy greenness. Meanwhile, the patches with canopy recovery growth after initial declines were considered to have resilience to climate change. We further observed the combined effects of aridity degree and tree age on canopy resilience, and all seven patches with no resilience corresponded to the old-tree group (the oldest trees reached or exceeded the age of 90). The observations indicated that the old-growth forests in semiarid regions were less likely to show canopy resilience, which corresponded to a higher risk of sustained decline.


Assuntos
Secas , Taiga , Florestas , Mongólia , Federação Russa , Sibéria , Árvores
20.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 191, 2021 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33736694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective was to explore the therapeutic effect of autologous adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) combined with ShakeGel™3D transplantation to activate the BMP7-Smad5 signaling pathway to treat intrauterine adhesions (IUA). METHODS: Autologous ADSCs were isolated and then merged with ShakeGel™3D. The IUA model was established by mechanical injury. The third generation of autologous ADSCs was injected directly into the uterus in combination with ShakeGel™3D. After 7 days of treatment, endometrial morphology, number of endometrial glands, endometrial fibrosis area, and fibrosis biomarker analysis by RT-PCR and IHC were examined. BMP7 and phosphorylation of Smad5 were also detected, and the recovery of infertility function in treated mice was evaluated. RESULTS: Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) showed that autologous ADSCs expressed CD105 (99.1%), CD29 (99.6%), and CD73 (98.9%). Autologous ADSCs could still maintain a good growth state in ShakeGel™3D. Histological examination revealed that the number of endometrial glands increased significantly, and the area of fibrosis decreased. At the same time, the expression of BMP7 and Smad5 in the ADSCs + Gel group was significantly upregulated, and the final reproductive function of this group was partly recovered. CONCLUSIONS: Autologous ADSCs can be used in combination with ShakeGel™3D to maintain functionality and create a viable three-dimensional growth environment. The combined transplantation of autologous ADSCs and ShakeGel™3D promotes the recovery of damaged endometrial tissue by increasing BMP7-Smad5 signal transduction, resulting in endometrium thickening, increased number of glands, and decreased fibrosis, leading to restoration of partial fertility.


Assuntos
Doenças Uterinas , Tecido Adiposo , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 7/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína Smad5 , Células-Tronco , Aderências Teciduais
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