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1.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760539

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to explore the expression levels of JAK2 and PTPRC in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from SLE patients and controls, detect the effects of SLE activity on genes mRNA expression, and find the association between genes mRNA expression and clinical manifestations of patients. We performed quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) to test differences in the expression levels of JAK2 and PTPRC in PBMCs extracted from 135 patients with SLE and 130 healthy controls. Furthermore, we detected the regulatory effect of SNPs on gene expression by expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL). We also tested whether the genes mRNA expression was affected with the SLE activity and analyzed the relationship between genes mRNA expression and clinical manifestations of patients. The mRNA expression levels of JAK2 in SLE patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (P = 0.005), and PTPRC mRNA expression levels were significantly decreased (P < 0.001). However, no other statistical significance was detected. We found that the elevated JAK2 mRNA expression and the decreased PTPRC mRNA expression may play suggestive roles in the pathogenesis of SLE.Key Points• The JAK2 mRNA expression levels in SLE patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls.• The PTPRC mRNA expression levels in SLE were decreased.• JAK2 and PTPRC mRNA expression may play suggestive roles in the pathogenesis of SLE.

2.
Epigenomics ; 11(14): 1613-1625, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701765

RESUMO

Aim: To understand whether the anatomical location of origin plays a role in shaping the DNA methylation (DNAm) landscape of psoriatic skins. Patients & methods: A number of 108 psoriatic and 57 control skin samples were grouped based on their anatomical locations. Two group t-tests were used to identify those differentially methylated sites and regions. Target region methylation loci were validated by bisulfate conversion sequencing. The correlations of DNAm with pathological features, DNAm and gene expression were also interrogated. Results: Our analysis revealed 315 location-specific differentially methylated sites for back, 291 for the extremities and 801 for abdomen. Moreover, we observed that the extremity-specific loci cg21942490 located on HOXA9 is associated with hyperkeratosis. We further observed that HOXA5 and KIAA1949 are differential methylation regions. Conclusion: Our study shown evidence of anatomical location-dependent DNAm pattern in psoriasis skins, and thus provided new insights into the pathogenesis of this disease.

3.
Ann Hum Genet ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691269

RESUMO

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the UHRF gene have been shown to be associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in European and Hong Kong Chinese, but statistically significant evidence for association has not been found in a mainland Han Chinese population. Therefore, we selected SNP rs13205210 located in UHRF1BP1 as a candidate association from our previously published genome-wide association study (GWAS) data of SLE (1,047 cases and 1,205 controls from a mainland Han Chinese population) to explore the association between the UHRF1BP1 gene and SLE. We conducted a large-scale replication study in an additional independent sample of 3,509 cases and 8,246 controls from a mainland Han Chinese population. Real-time PCR was used to determine gene expression differences in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from cases and controls. As a result, we replicated the association between the UHRF1BP1 gene and SLE (rs13205210, missense, Pmeta   = 2.26E-17, odds ratio = 1.41) by a meta-analysis of our previous GWAS and this replication study involving a total of 4,556 cases and 9,451 controls. The UHRF1BP1 mRNA expression level in PBMCs was significantly decreased in patients with SLE compared with that in healthy controls. SNP rs13205210 exhibited an expression quantitative trait loci effect on the UHRF1BP1 gene in PBMCs from patients. In conclusion, this study not only suggests that the UHRF1BP1 gene was associated with SLE in a mainland Han Chinese population, but also implied that it might be a common genetic factor contributing to SLE susceptibility in multiple populations.

4.
J Invest Dermatol ; 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376382

RESUMO

Most psoriasis-related genes or loci identified by genome-wide association studies (GWASs) represent common clusters and are located in noncoding regions of the human genome, providing only limited evidence for the roles of rare coding variants in psoriasis. Two exome-wide case-control genotyping data sets (11,245 cases and 11,177 controls) were obtained from our previous study. Quality controls were established for each data set, and the markers remaining in each set were annotated using ANNOVAR. Gene-based analysis was performed on the annotation results. A total of 250 and 35 genes in the Exome_Fine and Exome_Asian array cohorts, respectively, exceeded the threshold (P < 4.43 × 10-6). Merged gene-based analysis was then conducted on the same set of SNPs from seven genes common to both arrays, and the chi-square test was used to confirm all gene-based results. Ultimately, four susceptibility genes were identified: BBS7 (Pcombine = 1.38 × 10-29), GSTCD (Pcombine = 8.35 × 10-47), LIPK (Pcombine = 1.02 × 10-19) and PPP4R3B (Pcombine = 1.79 × 10-33). To our knowledge, this study identified four previously unreported susceptibility genes for psoriasis via a gene-based method using rare variants, contributing to our understanding of the pathogenesis of psoriasis.

6.
JAMA Dermatol ; 155(3): 327-334, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30698628

RESUMO

Importance: It is necessary to determine whether psoriasis responds to methotrexate in the same manner in patients with and without psoriatic arthritis. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of methotrexate in treating patients with psoriasis with and without psoriatic arthritis. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this prospective, single-arm, interventional study, a total of 235 patients with psoriasis, 107 without psoriatic arthritis and 128 with psoriatic arthritis who were receiving methotrexate therapy from April 1, 2015, to December 31, 2017, were recruited from the outpatient department of a hospital at a large Chinese university. There were no significant demographic or clinical differences between the subgroups with the exception of diabetes. Interventions: A 12-week course of low-dosage oral methotrexate (7.5-15 mg weekly). Main Outcomes and Measures: Changes in disease severity, adverse events, blood cell counts, and liver and renal function. Results: A total of 235 patients with psoriasis (166 male [66.0%]; mean [SD] age, 49.6 [15.1] years) received methotrexate treatment for 12 weeks. The 90% reduction from baseline Psoriasis Area Severity Index response was significantly lower in patients with psoriatic arthritis than in patients without psoriatic arthritis at week 8 (4 0f 128 [3.1%] vs 12 of 107 [11.2%]; P = .02) and week 12 (19 of 128 [14.8%] vs 27 of 107 [25.2%]; P = .049). Furthermore, the incidence of adverse events, including dizziness (12 of 128 [9.4%] vs 1 of 107 [0.9%]; P = .007), gastrointestinal symptoms (32 of 128 [25.0%] vs 13 of 107 [12.1%]; P = .01), and hepatoxicity (34 of 128 [26.6%] vs 16 of 107 [15.0%]; P = .04), was significantly higher in patients with psoriatic arthritis than in patients without psoriatic arthritis. Methotrexate-induced elevation of alanine aminotransferase levels was associated with body mass index (mean [SD] body mass index, 26 [4] in patients with [P = .04] vs 26 [4] in those without [P = .005] psoriatic arthritis) and smoking (17 of 34 [50.0%] in patients with [P = .02] vs 9 of 16 [56.3%] in those without [P = .04] psoriatic arthritis). Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, methotrexate was well tolerated and effective in treating psoriasis. It was more effective, with fewer adverse effects, in patients with psoriasis who did not have psoriatic arthritis than in patients who presented with both psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Therefore, methotrexate can be recommended as first-line treatment for psoriasis without arthritis.

7.
Skin Res Technol ; 25(4): 424-433, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30657212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to perform noninvasive analysis of skin proteins in a healthy Chinese population using label-free nanoflow liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (nLC-MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five consecutive tape strippings were obtained from the volar forearm skin of healthy Chinese subjects. Proteins were extracted, and trypsin-digested peptides were analyzed by a nanochromatography instrument coupled to an Orbitrap Fusion Tribrid mass spectrometer. Data-dependent acquisition allowed protein identification, which was performed by using Proteome Discoverer software (v2.2). RESULTS: In this study, we identified 80 common proteins that were expressed in the skin of healthy Chinese volunteers and divided these proteins into 16 categories, including keratins, cornified envelope proteins, and enzymes associated with substance metabolism. These proteins were closely associated with multiple functions of the skin barrier. CONCLUSION: This study provides a noninvasive method to analyze healthy human epidermal proteins, which are closely associated with the skin barrier. In addition, this study provides a reference for further studies on the application of proteomic technologies to investigate the role of human epidermal proteins in health and disease.

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