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1.
J Crohns Colitis ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, relapsing and incurable inflammatory disorder. MiRNAs, which modulate gene expression by binding to mRNAs, may make significant contributions to understanding the complex pathobiology and etiology of CD. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic role and mechanism of miR-130a-3p in CD. METHODS: Differentially expressed miRNAs in colon tissues of CD patients and normal controls (NCs) were screened using a miRNA microarray and then validated by quantitative reverse transcriptase-PCR (qRT-PCR). The functional role of miR-130a-3p in the pathogenesis of CD was then demonstrated by in vitro and in vivo studies. The target genes of miR-130a-3p and the associated signaling pathways were identified using bioinformatics analysis and experimental verification of the interactions between the target predicted by the algorithms and dysregulated mRNAs. The therapeutic role of miR-130a-3p in trinitro-benzene-sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis models was further investigated. RESULTS: Our data demonstrated that miR-130a-3p is the most significantly upregulated miRNA and that miR-130a KO significantly protects mice against TNBS-induced colitis. Gain- and loss-of-function studies indicated that miR-130a-3p promotes CD development by targetingATG16L1via the NF-κB pathway. Furthermore, a miR-130a-3p inhibitor significantly suppressed NLRP3 inflammasome activity by inducing autophagy in a mouse macrophage cell line (RAW264.7). Therapeutically, a miR-130a-3p inhibitor effectively ameliorated the severity of TNBS-induced colitis. CONCLUSION: Our study reveals that miR-130a-3p promotes CD progression via the ATG16L1/NF-κB pathway and serves as a potential preclinical therapeutic target in CD.

2.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001627

RESUMO

The brightness of organic fluorescence materials determines their resolution and sensitivity in fluorescence display and detection. However, strategies to effectively enhance the brightness are still scarce. Conventional planar π-conjugated molecules display excellent photophysical properties as isolated species but suffer from aggregation-caused quenching effect when aggregated owing to the cofacial π-π interactions. In contrast, twisted molecules show high photoluminescence quantum yield (ΦPL) in aggregate while at the cost of absorption due to the breakage in conjugation. Therefore, it is challenging to integrate the strong absorption and high solid-state ΦPL, which are two main indicators of brightness, into one molecule. Herein, we propose a molecular design strategy to boost the brightness through the incorporation of planar blocks into twisted skeletons. As a proof-of-concept, twisted small-molecule TT3-oCB with larger π-conjugated dithieno[3,2-b:2',3'-d]thiophene unit displays superb brightness at the NIR-IIb (1500-1700 nm) than that of TT1-oCB and TT2-oCB with smaller thiophene and thienothiophene unit, respectively. Whole-body angiography using TT3-oCB nanoparticles presents an apparent vessel width of 0.29 mm. Improved NIR-IIb image resolution is achieved for femoral vessels with an apparent width of only 0.04 mm. High-magnification through-skull microscopic NIR-IIb imaging of cerebral vasculature gives an apparent width of ∼3.3 µm. Moreover, the deeply located internal organ such as bladder is identified with high clarity. The present molecular design philosophy embodies a platform for further development of in vivo bioimaging.

3.
Anticancer Drugs ; 31(10): 1012-1017, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009034

RESUMO

Tumor cells can activate platelets, which in turn facilitate tumor cell survival and dissemination. Platelets inhibition or blocking platelet-tumor cell interactions has become a strategy to suppress tumor progression. In this study, we investigated the effect of ticagrelor, a new antiplatelet drug, on tumor cell proliferation and metastasis. Our results show that ticagrelor not only inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion of B16F10 and Lewis lung carcinoma cells but also induces platelet apoptosis. In addition, we find that apoptosis of the platelet cells is dose dependent. Further, the result of in-vivo experiments proved that ticagrelor treatment decreased the tumor metastasis. The results of this study demonstrate that ticagrelor may be a potential anti-tumor agent for tumor metastasis.

4.
J Invest Surg ; : 1-6, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865062

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of iodine-125 seed interstitial brachytherapy and local chemotherapy perfusion in treatment of advanced pancreatic cancer. METHODS: The present open prospective randomized control study included a total of 165 cases of advanced pancreatic cancer patients who were admitted in our hospital during December 2016 to April 2019. All patients were randomized into two groups with 84 cases in iodine-125 group and 81 cases in chemotherapy perfusion group. Basic clinical characteristics and demographic data were collected. The main outcome was the tumor efficiency. The pain condition was measured by visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Karnofsky score was also measured at different time points, before the treatment, 1 d, 7 d, 14 d, 1 mon, 2 mon and 3 mon after treatment. Serum levels of CEA, CA19-9 and CA50 were measured by immunochemiluminescence. The overall survival was analyzed by K-M curve. RESULTS: The ratio of partial remission patients was significantly higher, and the ratio of stable disease (SD)+progressive disease patients was also remarkably lower in iodine-125 group than the chemotherapy perfusion group. The mean VAS scores decreased markedly after treatment and were significantly lower and the mean Karnofsky scores were remarkably higher in iodine-125 group than the chemotherapy perfusion group. The levels of CA19-9 and CA50 were remarkably lower in iodine-125 group, however no significant difference was found for CEA. The survival analysis by K-M curve showed the iodine-125 patients had longer overall survival time than the chemotherapy perfusion group. No infection, pancreatic fistula, biliary fistula, intestinal fistula, gastrointestinal obstruction or radiation enteritis was found in both groups. CONCLUSION: Iodine-125 seed interstitial brachytherapy could achieve better efficacy with no increased side complications than chemotherapy perfusion in advanced pancreatic cancer.

5.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2020: 7958362, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908582

RESUMO

Objective: Esophageal cancer (ESCC) is reported to be the eighth most common malignant tumors worldwide with high mortality. However, the functions of majority circRNAs in ESCC requires to be further explored. Methods: This study identified differently expressed circRNAs in 3 paired ESCC using RNA-sequencing method. The interactions among circRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs were predicted using bioinformatics analysis. Results: In this study, using RNA-sequencing method and integrated bioinformatics analysis, 418 overexpressed circRNAs and 637 reduced circRNAs in ESCC sample were identified. Based on the mechanism that circRNAs could play as ceRNAs to modulate targets expression, circRNA-miRNA and circRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks were constructed in this study. Based on the network analysis, 7 circRNAs, including circ_0002255, circ_0000530, circ_0001904, circ_0001005, circ_0000513, circ_0000075, and circ_0001121, were identified as key circRNAs in ESCC. We found that circ_0002255 was related to the regulation of substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading. circ_0001121 was involved in regulating nucleocytoplasmic transport. circ_0000513 played a key role in regulating Adherens junction, B cell receptor signaling pathway. Meanwhile, we observed circ_0000075 was involved in regulating zinc II ion transport, transition metal ion homeostasis, and angiogenesis. Conclusion: We thought this study could provide novel biomarkers for the prognosis of ESCC.

6.
Scand J Immunol ; : e12974, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910495

RESUMO

High expression of suppressors of cytokine signalling (SOCS) has been detected during various viral infections. As a negative feedback regulator, SOCS participates in the regulation of multiple signalling pathways. In this study, to study the related mechanism between SOCS and BDV and to explore the effect of SOCS on IFN pathways in nerve cells, downregulated of SOCS1/3 in oligodendroglial (OL) cells and OL cells persistently infected with BDV (OL/BDV) were constructed with RNA interference technology. An interferon inducer (poly I:C, PIC) and an IFN-α/ß R1 antibody were used as stimulation in the SOCS1/3 low-expression cell models, qRT-PCR was used to detect type I IFN and BDV nucleic acid expression, western blot was used to detect the expression of BDV P40 protein. After BDV acute infection with OL cells which with downregulated SOCS expression, the virus accounting was not detected, and the viral protein expression was lower than that of OL/BDV cells; the OL/BDV cells with downregulated SOCS expression had lower virus nucleic acid and protein expression than OL/BDV cells. Stimulated by IFN-α/ß R1 Antibody, the expression of type I interferon in OL/BDV cells decreased, and the content of BDV nucleic acid and protein increased, which was higher than that of OL/BDV cells. From the results, it was concluded that downregulating SOCS1/3 can inhibit the formation of acute BDV infection and virus replication in persistent BDV infection by promoting the expression of IFN-α/ß and that SOCS can be used as a new target for antiviral therapy.

7.
J Dairy Sci ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921473

RESUMO

Authentication of dairy and meat products is important to ensure fair competition, consumer benefit, and food safety. The large difference in price between camel and cow milk may be an incentive to adulterate camel dairy products with cow-derived foodstuffs. However, no studies so far have used triplex real-time PCR with an endogenous control to identify camel and cow origins in dairy and meat products. In this study, we developed a triplex real-time PCR assay based on amplification of mitochondrial 12S ribosomal DNA for the authentication of camel-derived dairy and meat products. This method was applied to identify camel and cow DNA in milk, yogurt, cheese, milk powder, milk beverage, meat products, and mixtures with milk and meat. Concentrations as low as 1 to 5% and 0.1% camel milk and meat, respectively, were detected in the mixtures, and 1 to 5% and 0.1% cow milk and meat, respectively, were identified via this approach. The limits of detection were 0.005 to 0.0025 ng, 0.05 to 0.001 ng, 0.001 to 0.0005 ng, and 0.00025 to 0.0001 ng of DNA in camel milk, camel yogurt, commercial camel milk beverage, and camel meat, and from 0.0025 to 0.001 ng, 0.5 to 0.001 ng, 1 to 0.05 ng, 0.01 ng, 0.001 ng, 0.0005 to 0.00025 ng, 0.0005 to 0.00025 ng, and 0.005 ng of DNA from cow milk, yogurt, cheese, acidic whey, milk powder, beef, beef jerky, and beef sausage, respectively. Different dairy and meat samples of camel and cow origins had a range of authentication limits and limits of detection. The designed triplex real-time PCR assay was shown to be a specific, sensitive, and efficient technique for the identification of camel and cow DNA in foodstuffs.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975925

RESUMO

A liquid-phase stripping method was used to strip the graphite under the action of mechanical shear force to prepare graphene nanosheets (GNSs) on a large scale. Given the multicomponent composite conductive particles formed by GNSs with acid-treated MWCNTs (f-MWCNTs) and carbon black (CB), the three-dimensional (3D) intercalation electrothermal composite of GNSs/MWCNTs/CB with excellent conductivity and mechanical properties was prepared with water-based acrylic resin as a connector. Carbon particles (16.97 wt %) are found in the composite and the sheet resistance (Rs) is only 4 Ω sq-1 as f-MWCNTs and CB intercalations form a more stable 3D conducting medium between the GNSs. The flexible electrothermal film (2.5 cm × 2.5 cm) printed with the 3D intercalation GNSs/MWCNTs/CB composite had a saturation temperature (Ts) of 175 °C with an input of 3 V and lower power consumption (249.87 cm2 W-1). It only takes 10 s to reach Ts and the electrical performance is still intact under the pressure of 1 × 105 kPa. After being bent 2500 times (bending radius is 5 mm), the electrothermal performance of the flexible electrothermal film remained stable.

9.
Front Immunol ; 11: 2073, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32983156

RESUMO

Objectives: As accumulating data supporting the potential role of the complement system in the pathogenesis of diabetic kidney disease (DKD), the present study aimed to explore the association of glomerular complement C4c deposition with the baseline clinicopathological characteristics and the prognosis of DKD in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients. Methods: A total of 79 T2DM patients with biopsy-proven DKD were enrolled. Clinicopathological features and renal outcomes were compared between groups divided by the glomerular C4c deposition patterns and median values of serum C4. Renal outcomes were defined by doubling of serum creatinine level or progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A Cox proportional hazards model was employed to identify the risk factors associated with renal events. Results: Patients with glomerular C4c deposition had worse renal insufficiency than those without C4c deposits, along with higher 24-h urinary protein, triglyceride, but lower serum albumin and higher interstitial inflammation score. Besides, serum C4 levels positively correlated with urinary protein and serum C3 levels. During 21.85 ± 16.32 months of follow-up, Kaplan-Meier curve analysis showed significantly faster deterioration of renal function for patients with positive glomerular C4c deposition as well as higher levels of serum C4. More specifically, more than 50% of the patients with glomerular C4c had co-deposition of C3c or C1q, and patients with glomerular complement complex of C4c and one or two of C3/C1q deposition had more severe proteinuria and a higher rate of DKD progression than those with negative C4c deposits. The univariate Cox regression indicated that factors of combined serum and glomerular C4, urinary protein, serum creatinine, serum C3, combined glomerular C4c and IgM and interstitial inflammation were associated with an increased risk of DKD, but only glomerular C4c intensity (HR 1.584, 95% CI [1.001, 2.508], p = 0.0497), as well as baseline age and diabetic neuropathy, were independent risk factors for renal survival by the multivariate Cox analysis. Conclusions: Glomerular C4c deposition was associated with deteriorated renal function and outcomes in patients with T2DKD. Glomerular C4c deposition was an independent risk factor for DKD progression.

10.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790170

RESUMO

Postmenopausal Osteoporosis (PMOP) is oestrogen withdrawal characterized of much production and activation by osteoclast in the elderly female. Cytisine is a quinolizidine alkaloid that comes from seeds or other plants of the Leguminosae (Fabaceae) family. Cytisine has been shown several potential pharmacological functions. However, its effects on PMOP remain unknown. This study designed to explore whether Cytisine is able to suppress RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis and prevent the bone loss induced by oestrogen deficiency in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. In this study, we investigated the effect of Cytisine on RAW 264.7 cells and bone marrow monocytes (BMMs) derived osteoclast culture system in vitro and observed the effect of Cytisine on ovariectomized (OVX) mice model to imitate postmenopausal osteoporosis in vivo. We found that Cytisine inhibited F-actin ring formation and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining in dose-dependent ways, as well as bone resorption by pit formation assays. For molecular mechanism, Cytisine suppressed RANK-related trigger RANKL by phosphorylation JNK/ERK/p38-MAPK, IκBα/p65-NF-κB, and PI3K/AKT axis and significantly inhibited these signalling pathways. However, the suppression of PI3K-AKT-NFATc1 axis was rescued by AKT activator SC79. Meanwhile, Cytisine inhibited RANKL-induced RANK-TRAF6 association and RANKL-related gene and protein markers such as NFATc1, Cathepsin K, MMP-9 and TRAP. Our study indicated that Cytisine could suppress bone loss in OVX mouse through inhibited osteoclastogenesis. All data provide the evidence that Cytisine may be a promising agent in the treatment of osteoclast-related diseases such as osteoporosis.

11.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 190: 113548, 2020 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32861928

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been widely applied for the prevention and cure of various diseases for centuries. Ingredient with pharmacological activity is the key to the application of TCM. Hence, it is of significance to separate and detect active ingredients in TCM effectively. Micro/nanomaterial is the promising candidate for adsorption and sensing due to its unique physical and chemical properties. For years, many efforts have been made to develop functional micro/nanomaterials to realize the effective adsorption or sensing of bioactive compounds in TCM. In this review, we discussed recent progresses in the application of various functional micro/nanomaterials for adsorption or detection (electrochemical detection, fluorescent detection, and colorimetric detection) of active ingredients. Based on the kind of matrix materials, micro/nano-adsorbents or sensors can be classified into following categories: metal-based micro/nanomaterials, porous materials, carbon-based materials, graphene/graphite-liked micro/nanomaterials and hybrid micro/nanomaterials.

13.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 161, 2020 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32693785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hernia mesh erosion into the urinary bladder is a rare complication of hernioplasty, and mesh immigration is the most probable pathophysiology. There is no report describing mesh erosion induced by fixing tacks in inguinal hernia repair. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with frequency, urgency and odynuria for 3 months. He received open right inguinal hernia repair in September 2014, and right laparoscopic hernioplasty for recurrence of the inguinal hernia in May 2015. In February 2019, he underwent a day-case transurethral cystoscopic operation for urethral and bladder stones. Cystoscopy revealed the existence of bladder stones and part of the eroded mesh on the right anterior wall, for which an open partial cystectomy was performed. The patient was followed up for 3 months postoperatively, during which no further mesh erosion or stone recurrence was detected by cystoscopy. CONCLUSION: This is the first case report describing mesh erosion into the urinary bladder by fixing tacks following laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. In such a case, the eroded mesh and tacks need to be removed completely, but the effectiveness of a single transurethral procedure needs to be verified in more cases.

14.
Drug Dev Res ; 2020 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Curcumol was presented to unleash antitumor effects in a variety of cancers, including gastric cancer. However, the relevance between curcumol and cisplatin resistance in gastric cancer still remains unclear. Therefore, the current research was performed to survey the role of curcumol in cisplatin sensitivity in gastric cancer. METHODS: First, BGC-823 and BGC-823/DDP cells were incubated with cisplatin for 48 hr and 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) analysis was applied to determine the inhibition rate of cell proliferation and the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50 ) of cisplatin. In addition, BGC-823 and BGC-823/DDP cells were treated with curcumol for 48 hr followed with detection of cell viability and apoptosis using MTT and flow cytometry assay, respectively. Moreover, MTT analysis was applied to test the effects of curcumol on cisplatin sensitivity in gastric cancer cells. Lastly, Western blot assay and qRT-PCR analysis were utilized to check the functions of curcumol on PI3K/AKT pathway-related markers. RESULTS: We found that BGC-823/DDP cells exhibited stronger resistance to cisplatin compared with BGC-823 cells. Furthermore, curcumol evidently reduced cell proliferation and facilitated cell apoptosis in BGC-823/DDP and BGC-823 cells. Moreover, results from MTT assay demonstrated that curcumol notably promoted the suppression effect of cisplatin and decreased the IC50 of cisplatin in BGC-823/DDP and BGC-823 cells. It was also presented that curcumol suppressed the PI3K/AKT pathway dose-dependently in BGC-823/DDP and BGC-823 cells. CONCLUSION: The findings in the current research demonstrated that curcumol could promote the sensitivity of gastric cancer cells to cisplatin-based chemotherapies via inhibiting the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Protein Kinase B (AKT) pathway.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600238

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: G protein-coupled bile acid receptor (TGR5) is involved in a number of metabolic diseases. The aim of this study was to identify the role of TGR5 after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GBP). METHODS: Wild type and TGR5 knockout mice (tgr5-/-) were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) to establish the obesity model. GBP was performed. The changes in body weight and food intake were measured. The levels of TGR5 and peptide YY (PYY) were evaluated by RT-PCR, Western blot, and ELISA. Moreover, the L-cells were separated from wild type and tgr5-/- mice. The levels of PYY in L-cells were evaluated by ELISA. RESULTS: The body weights were significantly decreased after GBP in wild type mice (p<0.05), but not tgr5-/- mice (p>0.05). Food intake was reduced after GBP in wild type mice, but also not significantly affected in tgr5-/- mice (p>0.05). The levels of PYY were significantly increased after GBP compared with the sham group (p<0.05); however, in tgr5-/- mice the expression of PYY was not significantly affected (p>0.05). After INT-777 stimulation in L-cells obtained from murine intestines, the levels of PYY were significantly increased in L-cells tgr5+/+ (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that GBP up-regulated the expression of TGR5 in murine intestines, and increased the levels of PYY, which further reduced food intake and decreased the body weight.

16.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(31): 18186-18193, 2020 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32680965

RESUMO

To overcome the reversible nature of low-Reynolds-number flow, a variety of biomimetic microrobotic propulsion schemes and devices capable of rapid transport have been developed. However, these approaches have been typically optimized for a specific function or environment and do not have the flexibility that many real organisms exhibit to thrive in complex microenvironments. Here, inspired by adaptable microbes and using a combination of experiment and simulation, we demonstrate that one-dimensional colloidal chains can fold into geometrically complex morphologies, including helices, plectonemes, lassos, and coils, and translate via multiple mechanisms that can be varied with applied magnetic field. With chains of multiblock asymmetry, the propulsion mode can be switched from bulk to surface-enabled, mimicking the swimming of microorganisms such as flagella-rotating bacteria and tail-whipping sperm and the surface-enabled motion of arching and stretching inchworms and sidewinding snakes. We also demonstrate that reconfigurability enables navigation through three-dimensional and narrow channels simulating capillary blood vessels. Our results show that flexible microdevices based on simple chains can transform both shape and motility under varying magnetic fields, a capability we expect will be particularly beneficial in complex in vivo microenvironments.


Assuntos
Engenharia Química , Coloides/química , Robótica , Magnetismo
17.
Korean J Anesthesiol ; 73(5): 408-416, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32668833

RESUMO

Background: Interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) provides excellent analgesia for arthroscopic shoulder surgeries but is associated with adverse effects including hemidiaphragmatic paresis. We aimed to compare the respiratory effects, forced vital capacity (FVC), and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) between suprascapular nerve block (SSB) and ISB. METHODS: Sixty patients were recruited and randomized into ISB, anterior SSB, and posterior SSB groups. FVC, FEV1, and diaphragmatic excursion were evaluated at baseline and 30 minutes after intervention. Blocks were performed under ultrasound guidance with 15 ml of 0.5% ropivacaine. Pain scores were assessed at 6, 12, and 24 hours postoperatively. RESULTS: The ISB group showed a reduced FVC of 31.2% ± 17.5% (mean ± SD), while the anterior and posterior SSB groups had less reduction of 3.6% ± 18.6% and 6.8% ± 6.5%, respectively (P < 0.001). The ISB group showed more reduction in diaphragmatic excursion than the anterior and posterior SSB groups (median [IQR]): -85.7% (-95.3% to -63.3%) vs. -1.8% (-13.1% to 2.3%) and -1.2% (-8.8% to 16.8%), respectively (P < 0.001). The median pain scores (IQR) in the ISB and anterior SSB groups were lower than those in the posterior SSB group at 6 hours on movement: 0 (0-2), 1.8 (0-4.5) vs. 5 (2.5-8), respectively (P = 0.002). There was no significant difference in oxycodone consumption postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: Anterior SSB preserves lung function and has a comparable analgesic effect as ISB. Thus, it is recommended for arthroscopic shoulder surgeries, especially in patients who have reduced lung function.

18.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 76(Pt 7): 655-662, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624512

RESUMO

Methanol- and temperature-induced dissolution-recrystallization structural transformation (DRST) was observed among two novel CuII complexes. This is first time that the combination of X-ray crystallography, mass spectrometry and density functional theory (DFT) theoretical calculations has been used to describe the fragmentation and recombination of a mononuclear CuII complex at 60 °C in methanol to obtain a binuclear copper(II) complex. Combining time-dependent high-resolution electrospray mass spectrometry, we propose a possible mechanism for the conversion of bis(8-methoxyquinoline-κ2N,O)bis(thiocyanato-κN)copper(II), [Cu(NCS)2(C10H9NO)2], Cu1, to di-µ-methanolato-κ4O:O-bis[(8-methoxyquinoline-κ2N,O)(thiocyanato-κN)copper(II)], [Cu2(CH3O)2(NCS)2(C10H9NO)2], Cu2, viz. [Cu(SCN)2(L)2] (Cu1) → [Cu(L)2] → [Cu(L)]/L → [Cu2(CH3O)2(NCS)2(L)2] (Cu2). We screened the antitumour activities of L (8-methoxyquinoline), Cu1 and Cu2 and found that the antiproliferative effect of Cu2 on some tumour cells was much greater than that of L and Cu1.

19.
Brain Behav ; 10(8): e01718, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been indicated that abnormal glucose metabolism mediated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) played an essential role in the development of solid tumor. However, there were rare studies about the role of them in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protein levels of HIF-1α, glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), and hexokinase 2 (HK2) in PCNSL and whether their levels are associated with prognostic factors. METHODS: Expression of HIF-1α, GLUT1, and HK2 in 39 tumor tissues was evaluated by immunohistochemical stainning. The correlation of the expression of HIF-1α with the protein level of GLUT1 and HK2 was investigated. In addition, the association between these protein expression levels and clinical parameters and prognosis was analyzed. RESULTS: In the tumor specimens of PCNSL, positive stainings of HIF-1α, GLUT1, and HK2 were in 23 patients (58.97%), 25 patients (64.1%), and 26 patients (66.67%), respectively, which were associated with the expression level of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), but not with age, gender, number of lesion, ECOG score, or deep structure. The expression of HIF-1α was positively correlated with the expression of GLUT1 (p < .01, r = .749) and HK2 (p < .01, r = .787). Univariate analysis showed that upregulated GLUT1 was unfavorable predictors of progression-free survival (PFS) in PCNSL. The results of Cox proportional hazards model showed GLUT1 was significantly associated with shorter PFS (hazard ration: 5.65; 95% confidence interval: 1.23-25.84; p = .026). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that there was a hypoxic microenvironment and HIF-1α was involved in the regulation of glycolysis pathway in PCNSL. GLUT1 might be a potential marker for shorter PFS in PCNSL.

20.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(3): 270-273, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573133

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the accuracy of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in detecting furcation involvement (FI) in maxillary molars. METHODS: Thirty-one maxillary molars of 15 patients with generalized chronic periodontitis considered for furcation surgery were assessed. Clinical examination and CBCT were performed, and the FI degree was evaluated. Clinical and CBCT-based FI assessments were compared with intrasurgical data. RESULTS: The agreement between clinical and intrasurgical assessments was weak in all sites, with a kappa of less than 0.4; the complete, overestimated, and underestimated agreement percentages were 42.0%, 24.7%, and 33.3%, respectively. The agreement between the CBCT and intrasurgical assessments was strong, with a ka ppa of 0.831; the complete, overestimated, and underestimated agreement percentages were 88.2%, 3.2%, and 8.6%, respectively. The agreement between both assessments was the highest in the buccal furcation entrance (κ=0.896), followed by that in the distopalatal (κ=0.822) and mesiopalatal (κ=0.767) furcation entrances. CONCLUSIONS: CBCT images demonstrated high accuracy in assessing the horizontal bone loss of FI in maxillary molars.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Defeitos da Furca , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Dente Molar
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