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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 132021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33864447

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: A major side effect of statin, a widely used drug to treat hyperlipidemia, is skeletal myopathy through cell apoptosis. The aim of this study is to investigate the roles of microRNA in statin-induced injury. METHODS: Apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE-/-) mice were administered with simvastatin (20 mg/kg/day) for 8 weeks. Exercise capacity was evaluated by hanging grid test, forelimb grip strength, and running tolerance test. RESULTS: In cultured skeletal muscle cells, statin increased the levels of miR-1a but decreased the levels of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 1 (MAP3K1) in a time or dose dependent manner. Both computational target-scan analysis and luciferase gene reporter assay indicated that MAP3K1 is the target gene of miR-1a. Statin induced cell apoptosis of skeletal muscle cells, but abolished by downregulating of miR-1a or upregulation of MAP3K1. Further, the effects of miR-1a inhibition on statin-induced cell apoptosis were ablated by MAP3K1 siRNA. In ApoE-/- mice, statin induced cell apoptosis of skeletal muscle cells and decreased exercise capacity in mice infected with vector, but not in mice with lentivirus-mediated miR-1a gene silence. CONCLUSION: Statin causes skeletal injury through induction of miR-1a excessive expression to decrease MAP3K1 gene expression.

2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The proper growth and development of tea plants requires moderately acidic soils and relatively low calcium levels, and excessive calcium at high pH can damage tea plant roots. To reveal the effects of calcium on the responses of tea plant to three pH levels (3.5, 5.0 and 6.5), a repeated test of two factors was designed. RESULTS: Root growth and elemental analysis indicated that excessive calcium improved the growth of tea roots at low pH conditions, whereas it did not harm the growth of tea roots under normal and high pH conditions, especially at pH 6.5. Excessive calcium antagonized the absorption and utilization of magnesium by tea plants. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry results showed that the addition of Ca2+ resulted in the primary metabolism in roots being more active at a low pH level. By contrast, it had obvious adverse effects on the accumulation of root metabolites with high calcium treatment at normal or high pH. Differential metabolites identified using ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry indicated that flavonoids demonstrated the largest number of changes, and their biosynthesis was partially enriched with excessive calcium at low and high pH conditions, whereas it was down-regulated under normal pH conditions. Kaempferol 3-(2'-rhamnosyl-6'-acetylgalactoside) 7-rhamnoside, quercetin 3-(6'-sinapoylsophorotrioside) and delphinidin 3-(3'-p-coumaroylglucoside) showed the greatest increase. The results of gene expression related to root growth and calcium regulation were consistent with root growth and root metabolism. CONCLUSION: The overall results demonstrated that high Ca concentrations further aggravate the detrimental effects of high pH to tea roots. However, it is interesting that excessive calcium reduced the harm of a low pH on tea root growth to some extent. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.

3.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 901: 174077, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798601

RESUMO

This study investigated the hemodynamic effect of Bay 60-7550, a phosphodiesterase type 2 (PDE2) inhibitor, in healthy rat hearts both in vivo and ex vivo and its underlying mechanisms. In vivo rat left ventricular pressure-volume loop, Langendorff isolated rat heart, Ca2+ transient of left ventricular myocyte and Western blot experiments were used in this study. The results demonstrated that Bay 60-7550 (1.5 mg/kg, i. p.) increased the in vivo rat heart contractility by enhancing stroke work, cardiac output, stroke volume, end-diastolic volume, heart rate, and ejection fraction. The simultaneous aortic pressure recording indicated that the systolic blood pressure was increased and diastolic blood pressure was decreased by Bay 60-7550. Also, the arterial elastance which is proportional to the peripheral vessel resistance was significantly decreased. Bay 60-7550 (0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 1 µmol/l) also enhanced the left ventricular development pressure in non-paced and paced modes with a decrease of heart rate in non-paced model. Bay 60-7550 (1 µmol/l) increased SERCA2a activity and SR Ca2+ content and reduced SR Ca2+ leak rate. Furthermore, Bay 60-7550 (0.1 µmol/l) increased the phosphorylation of phospholamban at 16-serine without significantly changing the phosphorylation levels of phospholamban at 17-threonine and RyR2. Bay 60-7550 increased the rat heart contractility and reduced peripheral arterial resistance may be mediated by increasing the phosphorylation of phospholamban and dilating peripheral vessels. PDE2 inhibitors which result in a positive inotropic effect and a decrease in peripheral resistance might serve as a target for developing agents for the treatment of heart failure in clinical settings.

4.
Apoptosis ; 26(3-4): 219-231, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33738673

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a malignant cancer of the hematopoietic system. Although the effectiveness of arsenic compounds has been recognized and applied clinically, some patients are still found resistant to this chemotherapy. In this study, we investigated that a synthetic thyroid hormone analog (TA), 2-iodo-4-nitro-1-(o-tolyloxy) benzene, had a strong apoptosis effect on U937 cells. U937 cells were treated with TA, and examinted the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), dysfunction of mitochondria, expression of pro-apoptosis and anti-apoptosis, and cleavage of caspase-3 and Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Further, it is also evaluated that insight molecular mechanism and signaling pathways involved in the study. It is found that TA significantly induced apoptosis in U937 cells through production of ROS, dysfunction of mitochondria, and activation of caspase cascade. It was also observed that MAPK signaling pathway including ERK, JNK, and P38 signals are involved in the induction of apoptosis. Moreover, marked activation of autophagy and ER stress markers such as LC3, P62, Beclin1 and GRP78, CHOP were observed, respectively. Pretreatment with ER stress inhibitor tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) and autophagy inhibitor 3-Methyladenine (3-MA) have successfully attenuated and aggravated TA-induced apoptosis, respectively. We further confirmed the active involvement of ER stress and autophagy signals. In conclusion, TA induced apoptosis through ER stress and activation of autophagy, and the latter is not conducive to TA-induced cell death. Our results may provide a new insight into the strategic development of novel therapy for the treatment of AML.

5.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CT-derived fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) and diagnostic accuracy rely on good image quality during coronary CT angiography (CCTA). OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether heart rate (HR) and coronary artery calcium (CAC) score decrease image quality and diagnostic performance of two advanced CT scanners including 96-row detector dual source CT (DSCT) and 256-row multidetector CT (MDCT). METHODS: First, 79 patients who underwent CCTA (42 with DSCT and 37 with MDCT) and invasive coronary angiography (ICA) are enrolled. Next, coronary segments with excellent image quality are evaluated and the percentage is calculated. Then, diagnostic accuracy in detecting significant diameter stenosis is presented with ICA as the reference standard. RESULTS: Compared with the DSCT, the percentage of coronary segments with excellent image quality is lower (P = 0.010) while diagnostic accuracy on per-segment level is improved (P = 0.037) using MDCT. CAC score≥400 is the only independent factor influencing the percentage of coronary segments with excellent image quality [odds ratio (OR): DSCT, 3.096 and MDCT, 1.982] and segmental diagnostic accuracy (OR: DSCT, 2.630 and MDCT, 2.336) for both scanners. HR≥70 bpm (OR: 5.506) is the independent factor influencing the percentage of coronary segments with excellent image quality with MDCT. CONCLULSION: During CCTA, CAC score≥400 still decreases the proportion of coronary segments with excellent image quality and diagnostic accuracy with advanced CT scanners. HR≥70 bpm is another factor causing image quality decreasing with MDCT.

6.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 152, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac myxomas (CMs) and thrombi are associated with high morbidity and mortality. These two conditions need totally different treatments. However, they are difficult to distinguish using naked eye. In clinical, misdiagnoses occur now and then. This study aimed to compare the characteristics of CMs and cardiac thrombi and investigate the value of a radiomics signature in distinguishing CMs from cardiac thrombi, based on cardiovascular contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) images. METHODS: A total of 109 patients who had CMs (n = 59) and cardiac thrombi (n = 50) were enrolled in this retrospective study from 2009 to 2019. First, the lesion characteristics of cardiovascular CECT images were documented and compared by two radiologists. Then all patients were randomly allotted to either a primary group or a validation group according to a 7:3 ratio. Univariate analysis and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator were used to select robust features. The best radiomics signature was constructed and validated using multivariate logistic regression. An independent clinical model was created for comparison. RESULTS: The best radiomics signature was developed using eight selected radiomics. The classification accuracies of the radiomics signature were 90.8% and 90.9%, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curves were 0.969 and 0.926 in the training and testing cohorts, respectively. Cardiovascular CECT images showed that the two diseases had significant differences in location, surface, Hydrothorax, pericardial effusion and heart enlargement. The naked eye findings were used to create the clinical model. All metrics of the radiomics signature were higher than those of clinical model. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with clinical model, the radiomics signature based on cardiovascular CECT performed better in differentiating CMs and thrombi, suggesting that it could help improving the diagnostic efficiency.

7.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(3): 188-194, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781452

RESUMO

Triptolide (TP), an active component of Tripterygium wilfordiiHook. f. (TWHF), has been widely used for centuries as a traditional Chinese medicine. However, the clinical application of TP has been restricted due to multitarget toxicity, such as hepatotoxicity. In this study, 28 days of oral TP administration (100, 200, or 400 µg·kg-1·d-1) induced the occurrence of cholestasis in female Wistar rats, as evidenced by increased serum levels of γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and hepatic total bile acids (TBAs). In addition, the heptocyte polarity associated with the strcture of tight junctions (TJs) was disrupted in both rats and sandwich-cultured primary hepatocytes. Immunoblotting revealed decreased expression of the TJ-associated proteins occludin, claudin-1, and zonula occludens protein (ZO-1), and downregulated mRNA levels of these TJs was also detected by real-time PCR. An immunofluorescence analysis showed abnormal subcellular localization of occludin, claudin-1 and ZO-1, which was also confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. Moreover, the concentration of FITC-dextran, a marker of paracellular penetration, was found to increase rapidly in bile increased rapidly (within 6 minutes) after treatment with TP, which indicated the functional impairment of TJs. Taken together, these results suggest that the administration of TP for 28 consecutive days to rats could induce cholestatic injury in the liver, and the increased paracellular permeability might play an important role in these pathological changes.

8.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(3): 205-211, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781454

RESUMO

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection is more likely to cause hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in children, which can lead to neurogenic complications and higher mortality. As a commonly used clinical medicine, Reduning injection (RDN) helps to shorten the symptoms of patients with HFMD and facilitate the early recovery of children. However, the regulatory mechanism of RDN on the HFMD immune system disorder caused by EV71 remains to be discussed. This study collected detailed treatment data of 56 children with HFMD who entered the affiliated Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University during 2019. Retrospective analysis of clinical data showed that the symptoms of the RDN treatment group were improved compared with the untreated group. To explore its mechanism, the relevant detection indicators were detected by flow cytometry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and real-time quantitative PCR. It was found that the number and function of innate immune (ILCs) and adaptive immunity (Th1, Th2 and secreted cytokines) were reduced, suggesting that RDN plays a role by regulating cellular immunity. The in vitro differentiation inhibition test further confirmed that RDN affected Th1 differentiation by inhibiting the expression of transcription factors on the basis of Th1 cell differentiation in vitro.

9.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 186: 114502, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684391

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. Apnea-induced chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) is a primary pathophysiological manifestation of OSA that promotes various cardiovascular alterations, such as aortic vascular remodeling. In this study, we investigated the association between angiopoietin-like proteins 8 (ANGPTL8) and CIH-induced aortic vascular remodeling in mice. METHODS: C57BL/6J male mice were divided into four groups: Normoxia group, ANGPTL8-/- group, CIH group, CIH + ANGPTL8-/- group. Mice in the normoxia group and ANGPTL8-/- group received no treatment, while mice in the CIH and CIH + ANGPTL8-/- group were subjected to CIH (21%-5% O2, 180 s/cycle, 10 h/day) for 6 weeks. At the end of the experiments, intima-media thickness (IMT), elastin disorganization, and aortic wall collagen abundance were assessed in vivo. Immunohistochemistry and Western-blot were used to detect endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and aortic vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. ANGPTL8 shRNA and ANGPL8 overexpression were used in aortic vascular smooth muscle cells to investigate the mechanism of ANGPTL8 in CIH. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, CIH exposure significantly increased intima-media thickness (IMT), elastic fibers disorganization, and aortic wall collagen abundance. CIH also significantly increased blood pressure, induced hyperlipidemia, as well as the expression of ERS protein activating transcription factor-6 (ATF6) and aortic vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. Contrary, ANGPTL8-/- significantly mitigated the CIH-induced vascular remodeling; ANGPTL8-/- decreased CIH-induced hypertension and hyperlipidemia, inhibited the protein expression of ATF6, and aortic vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. Moreover, our in vitro study suggested that CIH could induce ANGPTL8 expression via hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α); ANGPTL8 induced proliferation of aortic vascular smooth muscle cells via the ERS pathway. CONCLUSION: ANGPTL8-/- can prevent CIH-induced aortic vascular remodeling, probably through the inhibition of the ERS pathway. Therefore, ANGPTL8 might be a potential target in CIH-induced aortic vascular remodeling.

10.
BMC Med Imaging ; 21(1): 36, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the value of radiomics parameters derived from contrast enhanced (CE) MRI in differentiation of hypovascular non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (hypo-NF-pNETs) and solid pseudopapillary neoplasms of the pancreas (SPNs). METHODS: Fifty-seven SPN patients and twenty-two hypo-NF-pNET patients were enrolled. Radiomics features were extracted from T1WI, arterial, portal and delayed phase of MR images. The enrolled patients were divided into training cohort and validation cohort with the 7:3 ratio. We built four radiomics signatures for the four phases respectively and ROC analysis were used to select the best phase to discriminate SPNs from hypo-NF-pNETs. The chosen radiomics signature and clinical independent risk factors were integrated to construct a clinic-radiomics nomogram. RESULTS: SPNs occurred in younger age groups than hypo-NF-pNETs (P < 0.0001) and showed a clear preponderance in females (P = 0.0185). Age was a significant independent factor for the differentiation of SPNs and hypo-NF-pNETs revealed by logistic regression analysis. With AUC values above 0.900 in both training and validation cohort (0.978 [95% CI, 0.942-1.000] in the training set, 0.907 [95% CI, 0.765-1.000] in the validation set), the radiomics signature of the arterial phase was picked to build a clinic-radiomics nomogram. The nomogram, composed by age and radiomics signature of the arterial phase, showed sufficient performance for discriminating SPNs and hypo-NF-pNETs with AUC values of 0.965 (95% CI, 0.923-1.000) and 0.920 (95% CI, 0.796-1.000) in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. Delong Test did not demonstrate statistical significance between the AUC of the clinic-radiomics nomogram and radiomics signature of arterial phase. CONCLUSION: CE-MRI-based radiomics approach demonstrated great potential in the differentiation of hypo-NF-pNETs and SPNs.

11.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 29(2): 287-296, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554935

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accuracy of CT-derived fractional flow reserve depends on good image quality. Thus, improving image quality during coronary CT angiography (CCTA) is important. OBJECTIVE: To investigate impact of respiratory motion artifact on coronary image quality focusing on vessel diameter and territory during one beat CCTA by a 256-row detector. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent CCTA under free-breathing (n = 100) and breath-holding (n = 100), respectively. Coronary image quality is defined as 4-1 from excellent to poor (non-diagnostic) and respiratory motion artifact severity is also scored on a 4-point scale from no artifact to severe artifact. Coronary image quality and respiratory motion artifact severity of all images were evaluated by two radiologists independently. RESULTS: Compared with free-breathing group, the image qualities are significantly higher in per-segment, per-vessel and per-patient levels (P < 0.001) and proportion of segments with excellent image quality also improves significantly (73.6% vs 60.1%, P < 0.001) in breath-holding group. The image quality improvement occurs in medium-sized coronary arterial segments. Coronary image quality improves with respiratory motion artifacts decreasing in both groups, respectively. CONCLUSION: During one heartbeat CCTA, breath-holding is still recommended to improve coronary image quality due to improvement of the image quality in the medium-sized coronary arteries.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33567728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A burgeoning literature has found relationships between telomere length, telomerase activity, and human health and longevity. Although some research links a history of childhood adversity with shortened telomere length, our review found no prior research on the relationship between child maltreatment history and telomerase activity in adulthood. We hypothesized a negative relationship between child maltreatment and telomerase activity and hypothesized that the association would be moderated by sex. METHODS: These relationships were tested on a sample of 262 Hong Kong Chinese adults (200 females versus 62 males) with mild to moderate depression. RESULTS: Counterintuitively, emotional abuse was positively associated with telomerase activity, while other maltreatment types were non-significant. The positive relationship between emotional abuse and telomerase activity was significantly moderated by the sex of the participant. CONCLUSIONS: We advance two possible explanations for this finding (1) a culturally informed resilience explanation and (2) a homeostatic complexity explanation. The two explanations are not mutually exclusive. This trial is registered under Hong Kong Clinical Trial Register number HKCTR-1929. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Emotional abuse was significantly positively associated with telomerase activity. There are at least two non-mutually exclusive explanations for the findings. Simply put, either (1) in the cultural context of Hong Kong emotional abuse was not a risk factor, and/or (2) the conceptualization of telomerase activity as a straightforward indicator of longevity is overly simplistic. The first story we might term a "resilience explanation" while the second we might call a "homeostatic complexity" story.

13.
Orthop Surg ; 13(1): 260-266, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant concern post total joint arthroplasty (TJA). However, the optimal prevention method of VTE remains controversial at present. This study aims to evaluate a risk-stratified VTE prophylaxis protocol for patients undergoing TJA. METHODS: A total of 891 TJA patients from January 2011 to November 2019 were retrospectively investigated. The study was divided into two cohorts. In cohort 1, 410 patients (250 females and 160 males, mean age 64.32 years) were treated with an aggressive VTE chemoprophylaxis protocol. In cohort 2, 481 patients were treated with a risk-stratified protocol that utilized low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) and sequential aspirin (ASA) for standard-risk patients (a total of 288 containing 177 females and 111 males, mean age 65.4 years), and targeted anticoagulation for high-risk patients (a total of 193 containing 121 females and 72 males, mean age 66.8 years). The patients were followed up at 2-4 weeks for an initial visit and at 6-10 weeks for a subsequent visit after surgery. A chart review of all patient medical records was performed to record the demographics, comorbidities, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolus, superficial infection, deep infection, bleeding complications, and 90-day readmissions. RESULTS: The VTE rate was 1.71% (7/410) in cohort 1 and 1.46% (7/481) in cohort 2 respectively. For cohort 2, the VTE rate was 2.07% (4/193) in high-risk group and 1.04% (3/288) in standard-risk group. The readmission rate was 2.44% (10/410) in cohort 1 and 2.08% (10/481) in cohort 2. For cohort 2, the readmission rate was 2.07% (4/193) in high-risk group and 2.08% (6/288) in standard-risk group. The reasons for readmission were as follows: infection, 1.3% (5/410) in cohort 1 and 1.3% (6/481) in cohort 2; wound or bleeding complications, 0.48% (2/410) in cohort 1 and 0.2% (1/481) in cohort 2; trauma, 0.2% (1/410) in cohort 1 and 0.2% (1/481) in cohort 2; VTE, 0.2% (1/410) in cohort 1 and 0.2% (1/481) in cohort 2; others, 0.2% (1/410) in cohort 1 and 0.6% (3/481) in cohort 2. There was a decrease in VTE events and readmissions in the risk-stratified cohort, although this did not reach statistical significance. However, it was found that there was a significant reduction in costs (P < 0.001) with the use of LMWH/ASA, when compared with aggressive anticoagulation agents in the risk-stratified cohort. CONCLUSION: The use of LMWH/ASA in a risk-stratified TJA population is a safe and cost-effective method of VTE prophylaxis.

14.
Funct Plant Biol ; 48(5): 542-555, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33487217

RESUMO

In this study, label-free quantitative proteomics were used to study cold stress-related proteins in Dongxiang wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff., DWR) and cold sensitive cultivated rice 'Xieqingzao B'(Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica cv., XB). The results demonstrated the presence of 101 and 216 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were detected in DWR and XB, respectively, after cold stress. Bioinformatics analysis showed that DWR and XB differed significantly in their ability to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) and regulate energy metabolism. Of the 101 DEPs of DWR, 46 DEPs related to differential expressed genes were also detected by transcriptome analysis. And 13 out of 101 DEPs were located in previous cold related quantitative trait loci (QTL). Quantitative real-time PCR analysis indicated that protein expression and transcription patterns were not similar in XB and DWR. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constituted using the DEPs of DWR and XB, and the following three centre proteins were identified: Q8H3I3, Q9LDN2, and Q2QXR8. Next, we selected a centre protein and two of the 37 DEPs with high levels of differential expression (fold change ≥ 2) were used for cloning and prokaryotic expression. We found that Q5Z9Q8 could significantly improve the cold tolerance of Escherichia coli.

15.
Chem Biodivers ; 18(3): e2000930, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471368

RESUMO

Enzymatic hydrolysate of the crude polysaccharide (SFP) extracted from Sargassum fusiforme was purified by column DEAE-52 and Sephadex G-100 to yield four components, namely, ESFP1, ESFP2, ESFP3 and ESFP4. These components were characterized by chemical composition assay, GC/MS, HPGPC, UV and FT-IR techniques. The in vitro antioxidant activities of the four purified fractions were investigated by measuring their radical scavenging activity and reducing power. The results suggested that all the four components possess good antioxidant activities. Among them, ESFP1 was found to possess the strongest 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical and hydroxyl radical-scavenging activity, and the greatest ferric reducing power. The immunomodulatory effect of these four polysaccharides was demonstrated by their ability to promote proliferation, and to enhance both phagocytic activity and NO release in a macrophage RAW264.7 model. The results revealed that the bioactivities of the polysaccharides are related to their molecular weight, and the uronic acid and sulfate contents.

16.
BMJ Open ; 11(1): e043141, 2021 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455937

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Uterine serous carcinoma accounts for only about 10% of all endometrial cancers but this subtype is the most common amongst non-endometrioid endometrium cancers and contributes to more than half of recurrence and deaths attributed to endometrial cancers. A more extensive surgical staging and adjuvant therapies for uterine serous carcinoma are recommended by many guidelines. However, guidelines vary on recommendations for the methods that should be used for omentum assessment in uterine serous carcinoma and the previously reported incidence of omental metastasis in uterine serous carcinoma had a wide range because of the heterogeneity among these studies. As far as we know, there are no systematic review and meta-analysis available on this topic. The aim of our proposed study is to statistically synthesise the data examining the incidence of omental metastasis in uterine serous carcinoma. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Systematic searches of three databases (PubMed, Embase and Web of Science) will be performed using prespecified search strategies. We will include original studies that reported incidence of omental metastasis in uterine serous carcinoma and are published before 30 August 2020. Our different investigators will independently conduct the eligible study selection, assess the quality of included studies and extract the needed data. If appropriate, the relevant data will be pooled through a random-effect or fixed-effect meta-analysis based on the heterogeneity among included studies. We will evaluate the overall quality of evidence using appropriate methods. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This proposed study will be based on published data, and thus, there is no requirement for ethics approval. We aim to publish the results of this study in a peer-reviewed journal with good visibility for the fields of gynaecology and gynecologic oncology. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020200891.

17.
Orthop Surg ; 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33305484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the accuracy, reliability, and reproducibility of a simple preoperative planning technique using plain X-rays. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 96 consecutive cases of primary direct anterior approach (DAA)-total hip arthroplasty (THA) from July 2015 to December 2018 was performed. The 96 patients included 24 males and 72 females, with an average age of 70 years. The standard AP pelvis radiographs with the patients' hips extended and internally rotated were obtained pre- and postoperatively. The preoperative planning was also completed on the standardized AP pelvic radiographs. The prearranged cup positioning was radiologically measured intraoperatively using fluoroscopy. The correct leg length was assessed intraoperatively, which was compared with the preoperative planning. The component positioning was measured by three independent researchers. Two of the researchers completed the measurements three times, and intra-observer and inter-observer reliability were calculated. All patients received at least 6 months follow-up (6 months-4 years). RESULTS: In all cases, the median leg length discrepancy (LLD) was 4.4 mm (range 1.6-15.9 mm), and 84 patients had an LLD smaller than 10 mm, of which 58 patients had an LLD of less than 5 mm. None of the patients had a critical LLD of 2 cm or larger. The multivariable logistic regression for LLD (safe range: yes/no) with the co-variables including gender, ASA classification, type of cup, the surgeon's experience level, and the presence of a total hip arthroplasty (THA) on the contralateral side did not present statistical significance. The median angle of the inclination of the acetabular component (IA) was 42.3° (range: 28.7°-52.2°). Ninety-one patients were within the defined safe range. The hit ratio for the cup to be within the safe zone was significantly higher for the Pinnacle cups than that for the Continuum cups (P < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference in gender, ASA classification, the surgeon's experience level, and the presence of a total hip arthroplasty (THA) on the contralateral side. The median of its anteversion (AA) was 20.6° (range: 10.6°-40.1°). Only 41 patients were within the defined safe range. None of the co-variables presented a statistical significance affecting the AA of the cup positioning. Meanwhile, the average fluoroscopy time for the cup positioning (n = 86, missing data in 10 cases) was 4 seconds (range: 1-74), with most of the patients (97.9%) having a fluoroscopy time of fewer than 20 seconds. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of correct preoperative planning and standardized intraoperative measurements can reestablish right leg length and assure the correct cup positioning.

18.
BMJ Open ; 10(12): e041981, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303464

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The oncological safety of diagnostic hysteroscopy in patients with stage Ⅰ endometrial cancer remains uncertain and conflicting. The aim of the proposed systematic review and meta-analysis is to summarise the available evidence examining the association between diagnostic hysteroscopy and the prognosis of stage Ⅰ endometrial cancer and to statistically synthesise the results of relevant studies. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Systematic searches of PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science will be undertaken using prespecified search strategies. Two authors will independently conduct eligible studies selection process, perform data extraction and appraise the quality of included studies. Original case-control studies, cohort studies and randomised controlled trails published in English will be considered for inclusion. The outcomes of interest will be 5-year recurrence-free survival, disease-specific survival and overall survival. Meta-analyses will be performed to calculate pooled estimates. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Our study will be based on published data, and thus there is no requirement for ethics approval. The results will be shared through publication in a peer-reviewed journal and presentations at academic conferences. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020193696.

19.
Dent Traumatol ; 2020 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33369075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Tooth avulsion is the most severe traumatic tooth injury. Immediate replantation after avulsion provides the highest success rate, whereas delayed replantation with dehydration for >1 h always results in ankylosis, replacement resorption, and eventual tooth loss. The aim of this study was to investigate the geomorphologic change of ultrastructure on tooth root surfaces due to dehydration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four sound human premolars and fully developed third molars without periodontitis were selected for the experiment. Roots were separated into 6-7 pieces with an intact root surface area (3 × 3 mm2 ) and then divided into the following groups: fresh group, prolonged dehydration groups (air drying for 1, 2, 4, 12, or 24 h), and dehydrated teeth (air drying for 2 h) treated with acid (Tris-HCl buffer or citric acid buffer). More than six pieces of root from each group were subjected to scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation. Captured images were exported to ImageJ software to quantitatively analyze the areas covered with fibers. Statistical significance was determined by comparing the means of the different groups using t-testing or one-way analysis of variance followed by post hoc testing. RESULTS: Fibrous "vegetation" covering the cementum was observed on the fresh root surface by SEM. This was destroyed by dehydration (>1 h), resulting in a root surface resembling the "Gobi Desert." The difference was statistically significant (p < .001). Root surface deteriorated by dehydration could be recovered by the re-use of the fibers embedded in the cementum as acid demineralization of the outer layer of cementum exposed the embedded fibers to simulate the geomorphology of fresh root surface. CONCLUSIONS: Dehydrated teeth had deteriorated geomorphology of the root surface, which could be reversed by the re-use of the fibers embedded in the cementum using citric acid. Direct evidence from SEM gives new insights into the replantation of dehydrated avulsed teeth.

20.
Insect Sci ; 2020 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372405

RESUMO

Transcription factor Broad Complex (BR-C) is an ecdysone primary response gene in insects and participates in the regulation of insect growth and development. In this study, we performed a genome-wide identification of BR-C target genes in silkworm (Bombyx mori) using chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq). As a result, a total of 1006 BR-C ChIP peaks were identified, and 15% of peaks were located in the promoter regions of 133 protein-coding genes. Functional annotation revealed that these ChIP peak-associated genes, as potential BR-C targets, were enriched in pathways related to biosynthetic process, metabolic process, and development. Transcriptome analysis and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) examination revealed that developmental changes in expression patterns of a portion of potential BR-C targets, including HR96 and GC-α1, were similar to those of BR-C. ChIP-PCR examination confirmed that BR-C could directly bind to the promoters of potential targets. Further, dual luciferase assays demonstrated that HR96 promoter activity was significantly upregulated following BR-C overexpression, and this upregulation was abolished when the binding motif in the promoter was truncated. This study will be helpful for deciphering the regulatory roles of BR-C during insect growth and development.

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