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1.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 42(3): 418-424, 2022 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35426807

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify new biomarkers and molecular pathogenesis of Down syndrome (DS) by analyzing differentially expressed miRNAs in the placentas and their biological pathways. METHODS: Whole transcriptome sequencing was used to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs in DS (n=3) and normal placental samples (n=3) diagnosed by prenatal diagnosis. The target genes were predicted using miRWalk, Targetscan and miRDB, and GO and KEGG pathway analyses were performed for gene enrichment studies. RESULTS: We identified a total of 82 differentially expressed miRNAs in the placental tissues of DS, including 29 up-regulated miRNAs (fold change ≥2, P < 0.05) and 15 down-regulated miRNAs (fold change ≥2, P < 0.05), among which 10 miRNAs with relatively high expression abundance were selected for further analysis, including 4 up-regulated and 6 down-regulated miRNAs. These selected miRNAs shared the common target genes BTBD3 and AUTS2, both of which were associated with neurodevelopment. GO analysis showed that the target genes of the selected miRNAs were mainly enriched in protein binding, hydrolytic enzymes, metal ion binding protein combining, transferase activity, nucleotide, cytoplasmic constituents, nucleus composition, transcriptional regulation, RNA metabolism regulation, DNA-dependent RNA polymerase Ⅱ promoter transcriptional regulation, eye development, and sensory organ development. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the target genes of these differentially expressed miRNAs were involved in the signaling pathways including tumor-related signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, Ras signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway, cytoskeletal regulatory signaling pathway, purine metabolization-related signaling pathway and P53 signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: The differentially expressed miRNAs may play important roles in placental damage and pregnancy pathology in DS and provide clues for the prevention and treatment of mental retardation-related diseases.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Down , MicroRNAs , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Síndrome de Down/genética , Síndrome de Down/metabolismo , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Placenta/metabolismo , Gravidez , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
2.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 60(1): 30-35, 2022 Jan 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34986620

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics of different types of human adenovirus (HAdV) infection in hospitalized children with acute respiratory infection in Beijing, and to clarify the clinical necessity of adenovirus typing. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 9 022 respiratory tract specimens collected from hospitalized children with acute respiratory infection from November 2017 to October 2019 in Affiliated Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics were screened for HAdV by direct immunofluorescence (DFA) and (or) nucleic acid detection. Then the Penton base, Hexon and Fiber gene of HAdV were amplified from HAdV positive specimens to confirm their HAdV types by phylogenetic tree construction. Clinical data such as laboratory results and imaging data were analyzed for children with predominate type HAdV infection using t, U, or χ2 test. Results: There were 392 cases (4.34%) positive for HAdV among 9 022 specimens from hospitalized children with acute respiratory infection. Among those 205 cases who were successfully typed, 131 were male and 74 were female, age of 22.6 (6.7, 52.5) months,102 cases (49.76%) were positive for HAdV-3 and 86 cases (41.95%), HAdV-7, respectively, while 17 cases were confirmed as HAdV-1, 2, 4, 6, 14 or 21. In comparison of clinical characteristics between the predominate HAdV type 7 and 3 infection, significant differences were shown in proportions of children with wheezing (10 cases (11.63%) vs. 25 cases (24.51%)), white blood cell count >15 ×109/L (4 cases (4.65%) vs.14 cases (13.73%)), white blood cell count <5×109/L (26 cases (30.23%) vs.11 cases (10.78%)), procalcitonin level>0.5 mg/L (43 cases (50.00%) vs. 29 cases (28.43%)), multilobar infiltration (45 cases (52.33%) vs.38 cases (37.25%)), pleural effusion (23 cases (26.74%) vs. 10 cases (9.80%)), and severe adenovirus pneumonia (7 cases (8.14%) vs. 2 cases (1.96%)) with χ²=5.11, 4.44, 11.16, 9.19, 4.30, 9.25, 3.91 and P=0.024, 0.035, 0.001, 0.002, 0.038, 0.002, 0.048, respectively, and also in length of hospital stay (11 (8, 15) vs. 7 (5, 13) d, Z=3.73, P<0.001). Conclusions: HAdV-3 and 7 were the predominate types of HAdV infection in hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infection in Beijing. Compared with HAdV-3 infection, HAdV-7 infection caused more obvious inflammatory reaction, more severe pulmonary symptoms, longer length of hospital stay, suggesting the clinical necessity of further typing of HAdVs.


Assuntos
Infecções por Adenovirus Humanos , Adenovírus Humanos , Infecções Respiratórias , Infecções por Adenovirus Humanos/epidemiologia , Adenovírus Humanos/genética , Pequim/epidemiologia , Criança , Criança Hospitalizada , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Filogenia , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia
3.
Osteoarthritis Cartilage ; 30(1): 81-91, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34718137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this exploratory study was to determine if perturbations in gut microbial composition and the gut metabolome could be linked to individuals with obesity and osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Fecal samples were collected from obese individuals diagnosed with radiographic hand plus knee OA (n = 59), defined as involvement of at least 3 joints across both hands, and a Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade 2-4 (or total knee replacement) in at least one knee. Controls (n = 33) were without hand OA and with KL grade 0-1 knees. Fecal metabolomes were analyzed by a UHPLC/Q Exactive HFx mass spectrometer. Microbiome composition was determined in fecal samples by 16 S ribosomal RNA amplicon sequencing (rRNA-seq). Stepwise logistic regression models were built to determine microbiome and/or metabolic characteristics of OA. RESULTS: Untargeted metabolomics analysis indicated that OA cases had significantly higher levels of di- and tripeptides and significant perturbations in microbial metabolites including propionic acid, indoles, and other tryptophan metabolites. Pathway analysis revealed several significantly perturbed pathways associated with OA including leukotriene metabolism, amino acid metabolism and fatty acid utilization. Logistic regression models selected metabolites associated with the gut microbiota and leaky gut syndrome as significant predictors of OA status, particularly when combined with the rRNA-seq data. CONCLUSIONS: Adults with obesity and knee plus hand OA have distinct fecal metabolomes characterized by increased products of proteolysis, perturbations in leukotriene metabolism, and changes in microbial metabolites compared with controls. These metabolic perturbations indicate a possible role of dysregulated proteolysis in OA.


Assuntos
Fezes/química , Metaboloma , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/microbiologia , Proteólise , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/microbiologia , Osteoartrite/etiologia
4.
Clin Colorectal Cancer ; 21(1): e28-e37, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794903

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There has been an increase in the incidence of rectal cancer diagnosed in young adults (age < 50 years). We evaluated outcomes among young adults treated with pre-operative long course chemoradiation (CRT) and total mesorectal excision (TME). METHODS: The medical records of 219 patients, age 18-49, with non-metastatic, cT3-4, or cN1-2 rectal adenocarcinoma treated from 2000 to 2017 were reviewed for demographic and treatment characteristics, as well as pathologic and oncologic outcomes. The Kaplan-Meier test, log-rank test, and Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate survival outcomes. RESULTS: The median age at diagnosis was 44 years. CRT followed by TME and post-operative chemotherapy was the most frequent treatment sequence (n = 196), with FOLFOX (n = 115) as the predominant adjuvant chemotherapy. There was no difference in sex, stage, MSS/pMMR, or pCR by age (< 45 years [n = 111] vs. ≥ 45 years [n = 108]). The 5-year rates of DFS were 77.2% for all patients, 69.8% for age < 45 years and 84.7% for age ≥ 45 years (P = .01). The 5-year rates of OS were 89.6% for all patients, 85.1% for patients with age < 45 years and 94.3% for patients with age ≥ 45 years (P = .03). Age ≥ 45 years was associated with a lower risk of disease recurrence or death on multivariable Cox regression analysis (HR = 0.55, 95% CI 0.31-0.97, P = .04). CONCLUSION: Among young adults, patients with age < 45 years had lower rates of DFS and OS, compared to those with age ≥ 45 years. These outcomes could serve as a benchmark by which to evaluate newer treatment approaches.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34961645

RESUMO

Accurate reduction is of vital importance in the treatment of zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures. Computer-assisted navigation systems (CANS) have been employed in ZMC fractures to improve the accuracy of surgical reduction. However, randomized controlled trials on this subject are rare and the benefits of CANS remain controversial. The aim of this study was to compare reduction errors between navigation-aided and conventional surgical treatment for ZMC fractures. Thirty-eight patients with unilateral type B ZMC fractures were enrolled. Preoperative computed tomography data were imported into ProPlan software for virtual surgical planning. Open reduction and internal fixation was performed with CANS (experimental group) or without CANS (control group). Postoperative computed tomography scans were obtained to examine the difference between surgical planning and the actual postoperative outcome, namely reduction errors. The median translational reduction errors in the X, Y, and Z axes were 0.80 mm, 0.40 mm, and 0.80 mm, respectively, in the experimental group and 0.53 mm, 0.86 mm, and 0.83 mm, respectively, in the control group (P > 0.05). The median rotational reduction errors in pitch, roll, and yaw were 0.92°, 2.47°, and 1.54°, respectively, in the experimental group and 1.45°, 3.68°, and 0.76°, respectively, in the control group (P > 0.05). In conclusion, compared with conventional reduction surgery, navigation-aided surgery showed no significant improvement in reduction accuracy in the treatment of type B ZMC fractures (Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, registration number ChiCTR1800015559).

6.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(12): 868-875, 2021 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34954966

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on clinical effect and fresh cycle embryo transfer pregnancy outcome of in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) in patients with early follicular phase prolonged protocol. Methods: From January 1st, 2018 to July 1st, 2020, 2 257 cases of early follicular long-term protocol in IVF/ICSI and embryo transfer were collected using the clinical assisted reproductive technologies management system software database of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. Patients were divided into three groups according to the recommended Asian BMI cut-off points: low body mass group (BMI<18.5 kg/m2), normal body mass group (18.5≤BMI<24.0 kg/m2), and high body mass group (BMI≥24.0 kg/m2). The ovarian stimulation characteristics among the groups were investigated. Then 1 741 fresh embryo transfer cycles were selected and divided into three groups as above, and then the ovulation induction and clinical outcomes were analyzed among the groups. Results: There were significant differences in the starting dosage of gonadotrophin (Gn), total dosage of Gn and days of Gn used among the low body mass group, normal body mass group, and high body mass group in the 2 257 IVF/ICSI cycles (all P<0.01). The high body mass group needed the most amount of Gn [(2 159±668) U] and longest Gn days [(12.3±2.5) days]. The estradiol and progesterone levels [(7 474±4 852) pmol/L, (3.4±1.9) nmol/L] on hCG trigger day in the high body mass group were lower than those in the low body mass group and normal body mass group (all P<0.01). The oocytes retrieved in high body mass group (8.4±4.1) were significantly lower than normal body mass group (P<0.05). The normal fertilization number, the available embryo number and high quality embryo number were all lower in the high body mass group than other two groups, while no significant difference showed (all P>0.05). In 1 741 cycles of fresh embryo transfer, the average number of transplanted embryos in the low body mass group (1.2±0.4) was decreased compared with the other two groups (P<0.05), while the biochemical pregnancy rate, clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate in the normal body mass group were higher compared with the other two groups, but the differences showed no statistically significance (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Increased BMI might affect ovulation induction response in early follicular phase prolonged protocol IVF/ICSI patients, leading to the increase of Gn dosage and the extension of Gn induction days. Although there is no significant difference in pregnancy outcome among different BMI groups, considering the increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes during subsequent pregnancy in overweight or obese patients, certain attention should still be paid to the control of BMI in patients receiving assisted reproduction treatment with early follicular phase prolonged protocol.


Assuntos
Fase Folicular , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Índice de Massa Corporal , Transferência Embrionária , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Humanos , Indução da Ovulação , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(9): 1059-1066, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619922

RESUMO

Objective: To study the characteristics and risk factors of psychological and behavioral problems of children and adolescents of different ages and genders in long-term home-schooling during the coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic. Further, to provide scientific basis for more targeted psychological intervention and coping strategies in the future. Methods: A cross-sectional survey using an online questionnaire was conducted on students aged 6-16 years old in five representative cities of North (Beijing), East (Shanghai), West (Chongqing), South (Guangzhou) and Middle (Wuhan) in China. In this study, the social behavior and psychological abnormalities which was defined as the positive of any dimension were investigated in multiple dimensions during long-term home-schooling. The influencing factors of psycho-behavioral problems were analyzed by Logistic regression, and the confounding factors were corrected with graded multivariable adjustment. Results: A total of 6 906 valid questionnaires were collected including 3 592 boys and 3 314 girls, of whom 3 626 were children (6-11 years old) and 3 280 were adolescents (12-16 years old). The positive detection rate of psychosocial-behavioral problems were 13.0% (900/6 906) totally, 9.6% (344/3 592) in boys and 16.8% (556/3 314) in girls respectively, and 7.3%(142/1 946) in boys aged 6-11, 14.0%(235/1 680) in girls aged 6-11, 12.3%(202/1 646) in boys aged 12-16, 19.6%(321/1 634) in girls aged 12-16 respectively. There were significant differences between the psychological problems group and the non-psychological problems group in gender, parent-offspring conflict, number of close friends, family income change, sedentary time, homework time, screen exposure time, physical activity, dietary problems (χ²=78.851, 285.264, 52.839, 26.284, 22.778, 11.024, 10.688, 36.814, 70.982, all P<0.01). The most common symptoms in boys aged 6-11 years were compulsive activity, schizoid and depression, in girls aged 6-11 years were schizoid/compulsive activity, hyperactivity and social withdrawal, in boys aged 12-16 years were hyperactivity, compulsive activity and aggressive behavior, and in girls aged 12-16 years were schizoid, anxiety/compulsive activity and depression/withdrawal, respectively. After graded multivariable adjustment, besides the common risk factors, homework time and online study time were the risk factors of 6-11 years old groups [boys OR(95%CI): 1.750 (1.32-2.32), 1.214(1.00-1.47), girls: 1.579(1.25-1.99), 1.222(1.05-1.42), all P<0.05], videogames time were the risk factors of 12-16 years old groups [ boys: 2.237 (1.60-3.13), girls: 1.272 (1.00-1.61), all P<0.05]. Conclusions: Some children and adolescents may have psychological and behavioral problems during long-term home-schooling. The psychological and behavioral manifestations differed in age and gender subgroups, which deserve special attention in each subgroups. Schools, families and specialists should actively provide precise psychological support and comprehensive intervention strategies according to special features and risk factors.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Criança , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(36): 2867-2872, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587726

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the different clinical characteristics of children infected with different subtype/genotype of human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) in Beijing. Methods: Respiratory specimens for positive HRSV were randomly collected from children with acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI) in the epidemic season of HRSV from November of each year to January of the next year during 2009 and 2017. G genes of HRSV were amplified and sequenced for subtyping and genotyping by bioinformatics analysis. Clinical data were collected and analyzed. Results: Out of 590 children, 376 (63.7%) with subtype A, and 214 (36.3) with subtype B. The annual dominant subtypes of HRSV from 2009 to 2017 were B-A-A-B-AB-A-A-B-A, respectively, whilst a total of 10 genotypes were detected with 95.8% assigned to genotype ON1 and NA1 of subtype A, and genotype BA9 of subtype B. Children infected with subtype B (96 cases, 44.9%) were more likely aged 0-3 month old than those with subtype A (118 cases, 31.4%) (P=0.001), and more likely to be admitted to Intensive Care Unit(ICU) ((124 cases, 57.9%) than those with subtype A (172 cases, 45.7%)) (P=0.005). Statistical significance were shown among children infected with genotype ON1, NA1 or BA9, in the possibility of infection in children aged 0-3 month (P=0.003), proportion of admission into ICU (P=0.007), length of stay in hospital (P=0.001), and clinical outcome (P=0.001), respectively. Conclusion: Children infected with different subtype or genotype of HRSV have different clinical characteristics, which stresses the important role of the monitoring HRSV subtypes and genotypes among children.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano , Pequim/epidemiologia , Criança , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Filogenia , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/epidemiologia , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
9.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(8): 645-650, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333916

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the molecular epidemiology of norovirus associated with pediatric acute gastroenteritis in Beijing under the Working Mechanism for Joint Prevention and Control of the Epidemic in 2020. Methods: This was a retrospective, repeated cross-sectional study. Fecal or vomit samples (1 213 cases) were collected from children visited the Capital Institute of Pediatrics Affiliated Children's Hospital for acute gastroenteritis from January 1 to December 31, 2020. First, real-time reverse PCR (RT-PCR) was used to screen the samples for norovirus, and then RdRp gene and capsid gene VP1 of norovirus-positive samples were amplified by conventional RT-PCR for genotyping based on the nucleotide sequence. The χ2 test was used to compare the positive rates and genotypes of norovirus among different specimen types, genders of children, and different age groups. Results: Among the 1 213 samples were collected, 215 samples were positive for norovirus, with a positivity rate of 17.7% for the whole year. The peak of norovirus infection observed mainly in the cold seasons, as the positive rates were 28.6% (18/63), 26.2% (16/61), 22.8% (77/338) and 17.1% (89/520) in January, October, November and December, respectively. The positive rate of norovirus in fecal sample was significantly higher than that in vomit sample (χ2 = 9.692, P<0.01). There was no significant difference between genders (χ2=0.041, P>0.05), but significant difference was found between age groups with the highest rate in the 6-48 months group (χ²=103.112, P<0.01). Three genogroups (GⅠ, GⅡ and GⅨ) of the circulating virus were detected by G-gene typing, and GⅡgenogroup was predominant, accounting for 98.5% (196/199). Among the GⅡ positive samples, genotype GⅡ.4 Sydney (55.1%, 108/196) was the most common, followed by GⅡ.2 (29.6%, 58/196), while the GⅡ.3 norovirus (10.2%, 20/196) which was common in previous years was not as much as before. Based on the P-type, GⅡ.P16 was predominant (61.5%, 96/156), followed by GII.P31 (19.9%, 31/156). The dual genotyping revealed that GⅡ.4 Sydney [P16] (36.4%, 56/154) and GⅡ.2 [P16] (24.7%, 38/154) were predominant. Conclusion: The prevalence of norovirus in children in 2020 in Beijing is not much different from those of the previous years, but the genotypes composition has changed significantly, and there are multiple genotypes circulating simultaneously.


Assuntos
Infecções por Caliciviridae , Gastroenterite , Norovirus , Pediatria , Pequim , Infecções por Caliciviridae/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Fezes , Feminino , Gastroenterite/epidemiologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Epidemiologia Molecular , Norovirus/genética , Filogenia , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Public Health ; 194: 89-95, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33866150

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Given that the presence of insurance may affect the risk of suicide mortality in cancer patients, we aimed to examine the association in a population-based study using the Surveillance, Epidemiologic, and End Results (SEER) database. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of data from the SEER database. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study using the SEER database. Hazard ratios (HRs), adjusted HRs (aHRs), and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) of suicide death were calculated using Cox proportional hazard models to evaluate the risk of suicide mortality among the cohorts. RESULTS: Multivariable analysis revealed that cancer patients without insurance had an increased risk of suicide death compared with patients with private insurance (aHR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.01-1.72), whereas no significant result was observed in patients with any Medicaid (aHR, 1.10; 95% CI, 0.93-1.30; P = 0.27). In addition, the stratified analysis indicated that the risk of suicide death in patients in the uninsured and Medicaid groups presented with localized stage of disease (aHR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.02, 1.69), White (aHR, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.05, 1.71), and American Indian/Alaska Native and Asian/Pacific Islander (aHR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.08, 3.30) were greater than insured patients. CONCLUSION: Overall, our results indicated that insurance status was a statistically significant predictor of suicide death in patients with cancer. Healthcare providers should identify those patients at high risk of suicide and provide appropriate mental health and psychosocial oncology services in time.


Assuntos
Cobertura do Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/terapia , Suicídio Consumado/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Programa de SEER , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730803

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in the clinical management of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC). Methods: In this retrospective study, a total of 168 patients with pyriform sinus carcinoma in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2015 to January 2019 were divided into two groups, based on the different perioperative interventions that patients received, i.e. the ERAS group (n=64) and the conventional group (n=104), including 164 males and 4 females, whose ages ranged from 42 to 84 years old. The difference between two groups in the operative time, postoperative nutritional status, incidences of postoperative complications and postoperative hospitalization time were compared using the student's t test, Chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test. Results: Compared with the conventional group, patients in the ERAS group had significantly shorter operative time [(166.8±58.2) min vs. (183.3±39.9) min,t=-2.72, P=0.031], higher levels of postoperative serum albumin [(38.3±4.2) µmol/L vs. (36.6±3.3) µmol/L, t=2.73, P=0.007] and more body weight [(65.4±9.4) kg vs. (62.1±9.4) kg, t=2.22, P=0.028], lower incidences of postoperative subcutaneous infection [7.8% (5/64) vs. 20.2% (21/104), χ²=4.64, P=0.03] and severe pneumonia [4.7% (3/64) vs. 15.4% (16/104), χ²=4.52, P=0.03], and shorter postoperative hospitalization time [(16.5±3.9) d vs. (18.2±4.3) d, t=-2.65, P<0.05]. Conclusion: ERAS is effective and safe in the surgical management of HSCC, with benefits in reducing the operative stress via saving operation time, shortening the hospitalization time, ameliorating nutritional status and decreasing the incidences of complications.


Assuntos
Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 23(5): 806-818, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721388

RESUMO

Global warming results in high temperature stress (HTS), which presents severe challenges worldwide for modern agricultural production and will have significant impacts on the yield and quality of crops. Accumulation of photosynthetic products, activity of enzymes involved in sucrose-starch metabolism, phytohormone levels and metabolic profiling using LC-MS were analysed in the flag leaves and/or developing grains subjected to HTS during the grain-filling stage of an indica rice. HTS induced significant yield loss and reduced the grain quality, with lower amylose content. HTS reduced photosynthetic product accumulation in flag leaves and reduced starch accumulation in developing grains, compared to growth under normal temperatures. The activity of enzymes related to sucrose-starch metabolism were dis-regulated in developing grains grown under high temperature (HT). Moreover, phytohormone homeostasis in flag leaves and developing grains was also dramatically disturbed by HT. Metabolic profiling detected many metabolites with remarkably different relative fold abundances at different time points in the developing grain at HT versus normal temperatures, these metabolites were enriched in several HTS response pathways. The change in phytohormone ratio and auxin level might be associated with the reduction in photosynthetic products and their translocation, and ultimately with reduced starch accumulation in the developing grain. The detected metabolites might have different roles in response to the HTS in developing grain at different development stages. These results provide a theoretical reference and basis for future rice production towards higher quality and yield when grown under HTS.


Assuntos
Oryza , Grão Comestível/metabolismo , Metaboloma , Oryza/metabolismo , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas , Amido/metabolismo , Temperatura
16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 291-296, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626618

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the trend of premature death of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Wuxi from 2008 to 2018 and evaluate the influence of premature mortality probability caused by four main NCDs on life expectancy. Methods: Based on the mortality data collected by Wuxi Mortality Registration System and the population data collected by Wuxi Public Security Bureau during 2008-2018, this study analyzes the trend of the probability of premature death on malignant tumors, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes. The impact on life expectancy was analyzed by using the methods of abridged life table, Joinpoint regression, and life expectancy contribution decomposition. Results: From 2008 to 2018, the total probability of premature death of four main NCDs in Wuxi were declined consistently from 11.25% to 9.25% (AAPC = -2.0%, 95%CI: -2.6--1.5), higher in female (from 7.74% to 5.91%) than that in male (from 14.49% to 12.51%). The Wuxi resident's life expectancy increased by 1.86 years (from 78.66 to 80.52 years), in males and 1.26 years (from 83.85 to 85.11 years) in females, respectively. The decline of premature death of malignant tumors, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and chronic respiratory system diseases had a positive contribution to life expectancy, which contributed 0.34 years (23.90%), 0.15 years (10.50%), and 0.03 years (2.36%) to the life expectancy growth, respectively. Among which, premature death of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in men aged 40-55y had a negative contribution to life expectancy (-0.04 years). The probability of premature death of males with diabetes was on the rise (AAPC = 7.1%, 95%CI: 2.8-11.6), which negatively contributed to life expectancy for both males and females, reducing life expectancy by 0.03 years (-2.14%) in Wuxi. Conclusion: The premature death probability of four main NCDs in Wuxi declined consistently from 2008 to 2018, which played a positive role in the growth of life expectancy. Compared with females, males had a higher premature death probability and a slower rate of decline. More intervention and health management of premature male death on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and diabetes should be conducted to improve life expectancy further.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Prematura , Doenças não Transmissíveis , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Expectativa de Vida , Tábuas de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças não Transmissíveis/mortalidade , Probabilidade
20.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 55(12): 1120-1125, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33342126

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the oncologic and functional outcomes of postcricoid carcinoma treated by surgical treatment, and to summarize our clinical experience in surgical treatment and reconstructive techniques. Methods: Medical files of 45 patients were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The patients received surgical treatments between January 2010 and May 2017 in the Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, including 39 males and 6 females, the age ranged from 41 to 78 years old. T1, T2, T3 and T4 staging tumors represented respectively for 2,13,23 and 7 cases. And cervical metastasis was histologically identified in 33 cases (8 for N1 and 25 for N2). Advanced staging patients (10 in Stage Ⅲ and 30 in Stage Ⅳ) accounted for 88.9% of the cohort, while early staging cases (1 in Stage Ⅰand 4 in Stage Ⅱ) for 10.1%. All patients received cervical lymph node dissection. After tumor excision without compromising margins, hypopharyngeal functions were reconstructed by residual mucosa, pectoralis major myocutaneous flap, laryngotracheal tissue flap or gastric tissue flap, and laryngeal functions were reconstructed by epiglottis, sternohyoid myofascial flap or thyroid perichondrium. Survival rates were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Postoperatively 23 patients received radiotherapy and 13 patients received chemoradiotherapy. All patients were followed up for more than 3 years. Total 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 60.5% and 49.0%, respectively. Patients obtaining the conservation of laryngeal functions accounted for 44% (20/45) of all cases. The neck lymph node positive rate was 73.3%(33/45), and log-rank test demonstrated that cervical lymph node metastasis was significantly associated with prognosis of patients (χ(2)=4.364, P=0.037). Conclusion: Appropriate surgical approaches and excision methods and comprehensive application of flaps are critical to precise tumor excision and reconstruction of laryngeal functions, thereby improving the quality of life of patients with posterior carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas , Neoplasias Laríngeas , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos
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