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1.
Food Microbiol ; 86: 103343, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703887

RESUMO

The bacterial conversion of glutamine to glutamate is catalyzed by glutamine-amidotransferases or glutaminases. Glutamine deamination contributes to the formation of the bioactive metabolites glutamate, γ-aminobutyrate (GABA) and γ-glutamyl peptides, and to acid resistance. This study aimed to investigate the distribution of glutaminase(s) in lactobacilli, and to evaluate their contribution in L. reuteri to amino acid metabolism and acid resistance. Phylogenetic analysis of the glutaminases gls1, gls2 and gls3 in the genus Lactobacillus demonstrated that glutaminase is exclusively present in host-adapted species of lactobacilli. The disruption gls1, gls2 and gls3 in L. reuteri 100-23 had only a limited effect on the conversion of glutamine to glutamate, GABA, or γ-glutamyl peptides in sourdough. The disruption of all glutaminases in L. reuteri 100-23Δgls1Δgls2Δgls3 but not disruption of gls2 and gls3 eliminated the protective effect of glutamine on the survival of the strain at pH 2.5. Glutamine also enhanced acid resistance of L. reuteri 100-23ΔgadB and L. taiwanensis 107q, strains without glutamate decarboxylase activity. Taken together, the study demonstrates that glutaminases of lactobacilli do not contribute substantially to glutamine metabolism but enhance acid resistance. Their exclusive presence in host-adapted lactobacilli provides an additional link between the adaptation of lactobacilli to specific habitats and their functionality when used as probiotics and starter cultures.

2.
J Nurs Adm ; 49(12): 583-585, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725517

RESUMO

Developing a professional practice model (PPM) is essential for hospitals seeking Magnet designation. The article describes the development and implementation of a PPM in a tertiary hospital that was the 1st hospital in mainland China applying for Magnet recognition. This article provides a framework for hospital administrators who wish to reference a successful process when creating their own Magnet PPMs.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121405, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629596

RESUMO

Lead (Pb) is a common pollutant in many environments, including in the soil, water, and/or air. Typha orientalis Presl, a large emergent aquatic plant, has been reported to function as a Pb-tolerant and Pb-accumulating plant; however, very little molecular information regarding the tolerance of T. orientalis towards Pb is known. In this study, Pb accumulation and key factors involved in the Pb stress response at different Pb concentrations were investigated. Pb was primarily accumulated in the roots and was mainly located in the cell wall and membrane systems. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in T. orientalis roots after Pb exposure via RNA-seq analyses. In the 0.10 mM and 0.25 mM Pb2+-treated groups, a total of 3275 DEGs were detected relative to the control. Many of these genes were associated with oxidation-reduction processes, metal transport, protein kinase/phosphorylation, and DNA binding transcription factors, which were shown to be Pb-responsive DEGs. Mapping Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database, "phenylpropanoid biosynthesis" was analyzed as the major pathway of the important modules of overlapping DEGs of 0.10 mM and 0.25 mM Pb2+ treatments. Furthermore, a lead response gene named ToLR1 with unknown function was of particular interest. The full-length of ToLR1 sequence was cloned using rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) and overexpressed in Arabidopsis thaliana, which resulted in enhanced resistance to Pb stress. This is the first report providing genomic information detailing Pb responsive genes in T. orientalis. Moreover, this study provides novel insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying the response of T. orientalis and other accumulators towards Pb stress. The key genes identified in this study may serve as potential targets for genetic engineering targeting phytoremediation.

4.
Asian J Androl ; 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489847

RESUMO

The apoptosis that occurs in the immature testis under physiological conditions is necessary for male germ cell development, whereas improper activation of apoptosis can impair spermatogenesis and cause defects in reproduction. We previously demonstrated that in mice, the makorin-2 (Mkrn 2) gene is expressed exclusively in the testis and its deletion leads to male infertility. To understand the potential molecular mechanism, in this study, we found that levels of apoptosis in the testis were abnormally high in the absence of Mkrn 2. To identify specific gene(s) involved, we performed digital gene expression profiling (DGE) and pathway analysis via gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database, and we found that MKRN2 inhibits p53 apoptosis effector related to PMP22 (PERP) expression and that levels of the protein in sperm samples have an inverse correlation with infertility levels. GSEA additionally indicated that PERP is a negative regulator of spermatogenesis and that its ectopic expression induces male infertility. Further, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset analysis showed that p53, upstream of PERP, was upregulated in oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT). These observations suggest that Mkrn 2 is crucial for protecting germ cells from excessive apoptosis and implicate Mkrn 2-based suppression of the p53/PERP signaling pathway in spermatogenesis and male fertility.

5.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 116: 105599, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494224

RESUMO

Yorki (Yki), a transcriptional co-activator that is a key component of the Hippo pathway, induces the transcription of a number of targets that promote cell proliferation and survival. Bombyx mori Yki3 (BmYki3), with 445 amino acid residues, facilitates cell migration and cell division, and enlarges cultured cell and wing disc size. In this study, cellular localization, transcriptional co-activator activity, cell migration, cell cycle, and cell size were characterized in alternative isoforms of BmYki. BmYki1 and BmYki3 are mainly located in the cytoplasm and nucleus, respectively, while, BmYki2 is located in both the cytoplasm and nucleus. The mutation BmYki1S97A (S97mutated to A) was transported from the cytoplasm to nucleus. Cell migration, cell cycle, and cell size could be enhanced by BmYki, however, the effect of BmYki1 and BmYki2 on cell proliferation was less compared to BmYki3. Moreover, wing discs could be enlarged by overexpressing BmYki1 or BmYki2 isoforms. Dual-luciferase reporter assay showed that BmYki3 had the highest activity to B. mori ovarian tumor gene. In BmN cells overexpressing one of the BmYki isoforms, expression levels of kibra ortholog (kibra), inhibitor of apoptosis protein (iap), four-jointed (fj), expanded (ex), crumbs (crb) and BMP and activin membrane-bound inhibitor homolog (Bmpr) genes were upregulated, while those of α-catenin (α-cat), decapentaplegic (dpp), serrate (serr) and signal transducer and activator of transcription (stat) genes were down-regulated. There was some difference in the regulation of gene expression between different isoforms. These results suggested that the activity of BmYki isoforms was different in the silkworm.

6.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 71(4): 1175-1186, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498124

RESUMO

Immune dysregulation has been observed in the brain and blood of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, a convenient assay to evaluate peripheral immune dysregulation in AD has not been developed, partly due to the inconsistent observations from different studies. We hypothesized that peripheral immune dysregulation may only exist in a subpopulation of AD patients; therefore it may be valuable to identify this subpopulation with a convenient assay. Along this line, we selected 14 candidate genes based on our analysis of microarray data on peripheral blood of AD and other diseases. We used RT-qPCR to examine the expression of these 14 genes in a cohort of 288 subjects, including 74 patients with AD, 64 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), 51 patients with vascular dementia (VaD), and 99 elderly controls with no cognitive dysfunction/impairment. Seven of these 14 genes displayed significant difference in group comparison. Switching from group comparison to individualized evaluation revealed more in-depth information. First, there existed a wide dynamic range for the expression of these immune genes in peripheral blood even within the control group. Second, for the vast majority of the patients (AD, VaD, and MCI patients), the expression of these genes fell within the dynamic range of the control group. Third, a small portion of outliers were observed in the patient groups, more so in the VaD group than that in the AD or MCI groups. This is our first attempt to conduct personalized evaluation of peripheral immune dysregulation in AD and VaD. These findings may be applicable to the identification of peripheral immune dysregulation in AD and VaD patients which may lead to tailored treatment toward those patients.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 48(44): 16502-16508, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31528960

RESUMO

Although post-synthetic modification (PSM) has been successfully applied to NMOF decoration, only a handful of PSM-based single-crystal-to-single-crystal (SCSC) examples have been reported, particularly those involving multistep MOF-based SCSC transformations. In this contribution, three new MOFs, namely, UiO-68-NCS, UiO-68-R6G and UiO-68-R6G', were prepared via the single-crystal-to-single-crystal post-synthetic modification approach. For bioimaging, nanosized UiO-68-NCS, UiO-68-R6G, and UiO-68-R6G' were also prepared. Herein, nanosized UiO-68-R6G with a rhodamine-based fluorescence switch was found to be a highly sensitive and selective fluorescent probe for the detection of Hg2+ both in vitro and in vivo.

8.
Food Chem ; 301: 125229, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377620

RESUMO

Capsaicinoids and capsinoids from dietary peppers have promising sensory properties and bioactivity, but the molecular basis of their penetration mechanism through cell lipid bilayers and its relationship to their bioavailability as food constituents are still poorly understood. Herein, statistically significant linear and quadratic quantitative structure-activity relationships were constructed to derive the essential structural elements required for their bioactivity against the elongation of etiolated wheat coleoptiles that mainly occurs via penetration. The resultant optimal models had high predictivity and reliability (r2 > 0.825 and r2pred > 0.950), which elucidate the importance of steric structural elements. Besides, their mechanistic hypothesis and rational design strategy were proposed, and the correlation between this bioactivity and their food-sensory properties was supposed. Finally, the bioactivity of newly designed analogs with methyl terminals and/or conjugated CC links was screened. Hopefully, this work would benefit the better understanding of their penetration mechanism and facile identification of bioactive analogs for designing food/drug formulations.


Assuntos
Capsaicina/química , Capsaicina/farmacologia , Cotilédone/metabolismo , Estiolamento/efeitos dos fármacos , Alimentos , Triticum/efeitos dos fármacos , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Catecóis/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/metabolismo , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Triticum/metabolismo
9.
Org Biomol Chem ; 17(34): 8001-8007, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410437

RESUMO

A novel photosensitizer BDPI-lyso has been developed for photodynamic therapy (PDT). The photosensitizer BDPI-lyso showed a high singlet oxygen quantum yield (ΦΔ = 0.95) and low fluorescence quantum yield (ΦF = 0.05) in EtOH. Different singlet oxygen quantum yields were found in acidic solution (pH = 5, ΦΔ = 0.51) and in neutral solution (pH = 7, ΦΔ = 0.38). DFT and TD-DFT calculations of BDPI-lyso and its protonated product BDPI-lysoH+ indicated that the S1/T3 transition was responsible for the intersystem crossing (ISC) enhancement which would promote the production of singlet oxygen. The negligible dark cytotoxicity toward the hepatoma cell line Bel-7402 was confirmed by MTT assay, AO/EB dual staining, and cell images. Upon exposure to a low dose of light illumination, the disruption of the cell plasma membrane and the calculated half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 0.4 µM showed a high phototoxicity of the photosensitizer BDPI-lyso. The light-induced intracellular ROS generation was verified as the PDT mechanism of BDPI-lyso. Colocalization experiments of LysoTracker Green and BDPI-lyso in the dark indicated the good lysosome-targeting ability of BDPI-lyso. The images of cells costained with LysoTracker Green and BDPI-lyso, and the appearance of intracellular and extracellular blebs with green fluorescence after light illumination revealed the light-induced dysfunction of lysosomes and cell apoptosis.

10.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(6): 704-708, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical correlations between mechanical power (MP) and lung ultrasound score (LUS), and analyze their evaluation value of prognosis in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: Patients with moderate to severe ARDS, who underwent invasive mechanical ventilation admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the Lianyungang Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2017 to March 2019 were enrolled. The MP and LUS were recorded 0, 24, 48 and 72 hours after ICU admission. The patients were divided into death group and survival group according to the 28-day prognosis. The trends of MP and LUS in the two groups and their differences between groups were analyzed. Then the MP and LUS were analyzed by bivariate correlation analysis, and their correlations with acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA), oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2), and blood lactate (Lac) were also analyzed. The predictive value of MP and LUS 0 hour and 72 hours in ICU for 28-day mortality in patients with moderate to severe ARDS was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: At the end, 83 patients were enrolled, with 32 died and 51 survived in 28-day. The Lac level, APACHE II and SOFA in the death group were significantly higher than those in the survival group, while PaO2/FiO2 was significantly lower than the survival group, and the other baseline indicators were not statistically significant between the two groups. As the treatment time increased, the MP and LUS of the survival group showed a significant decrease trend, while the death group showed a significant upward trend. The MP and LUS of the death group 0, 24, 48, 72 hours after ICU admission were significantly higher than those of the survival group [MP (J/min): 20.97±3.34 vs. 17.20±4.71, 21.56±3.48 vs. 16.87±3.85, 22.72±2.97 vs. 16.13±3.52, 25.81±3.46 vs. 15.24±3.78; LUS: 19.17±3.31 vs. 16.27±4.28, 20.28±3.65 vs. 15.27±3.23, 21.53±4.32 vs. 13.63±3.71, 23.94±3.82 vs. 12.53±2.94, all P < 0.05]. There was a significant positive correlation between MP and LUS 0, 24, 48, 72 hours after ICU admission (r value was 0.547, 0.577, 0.754, and 0.783, respectively, all P < 0.01). The MP and LUS at 0 hour of ICU admission were significantly positively correlated with SOFA and PaO2/FiO2 (r value was 0.421, 0.450, and 0.409, 0.536, respectively, all P < 0.01), but no correlation with Lac and APACHE II was found. The ROC curve analysis showed that the MP and LUS at 0 hour and 72 hours had predictive value for the 28-day mortality [the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of MP was 0.836, 0.867; and the AUC of LUS was 0.820, 0.891, all P < 0.01]. CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant correlation between MP and LUS in patients with moderate to severe ARDS. The MP and LUS could be used early to evaluate the 28-day prognosis of patients with moderate to severe ARDS.


Assuntos
Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Respiração Artificial , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/terapia , APACHE , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Ultrassonografia
11.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(9): 152523, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300294

RESUMO

Mammary carcinoma (MC) is one of most common malignancy in women, and ring finger protein 2 (RNF2) possesses various roles in vast human tumors. In MC tissues as well as in cell lines RNF2 exhibited high expression, had significant association with tumor size, lymph node status, TNM stage, patients' poor survival, and promoted cell proliferation, colony formation, cell migration and invasion of MC cell lines which was mediated by downregulation of E-cadherin protein. These data reveal that RNF2 protein plays a vital role in the development of MC and may be a potential therapy target of MC.

12.
Science ; 365(6451): 386-392, 2019 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273070

RESUMO

Ceramides contribute to the lipotoxicity that underlies diabetes, hepatic steatosis, and heart disease. By genetically engineering mice, we deleted the enzyme dihydroceramide desaturase 1 (DES1), which normally inserts a conserved double bond into the backbone of ceramides and other predominant sphingolipids. Ablation of DES1 from whole animals or tissue-specific deletion in the liver and/or adipose tissue resolved hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance in mice caused by leptin deficiency or obesogenic diets. Mechanistic studies revealed ceramide actions that promoted lipid uptake and storage and impaired glucose utilization, none of which could be recapitulated by (dihydro)ceramides that lacked the critical double bond. These studies suggest that inhibition of DES1 may provide a means of treating hepatic steatosis and metabolic disorders.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 58(15): 9890-9896, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31241918

RESUMO

As an important type of reactive oxygen species (ROS), hypochloric acid (HClO) is closely linked with our daily life, and its convenient and rapid detection is very significant and imperative. Fluorescent and visual probes are being recognized as powerful and convenient tools for detection of ROS in the environment and living organisms by visualizing and imaging. In this contribution, a new metal-organic framework-based fluorescent probe UiO-68-PT, which was generated from a phenthiazine-decorated benzimidazole bridging dicarboxyl ligand and ZrCl4 under solvothermal conditions via in situ one-pot approach, is reported. The obtained UiO-68-PT features a unique HClO and Vitamin C-triggered reversible redox process, which is accompanied by both visual and fluorescence changes. Therefore, it can be a highly sensitive, specific, and reusable sensor to detect HClO species in water via both visual and fluorogenic observation (turn-on). Furthermore, its mixed membrane material (MMM) was fabricated by the combination of UiO-68-PT and poly(vinyl alcohol), and the obtained hydrophilic MMM can be used as a reversible colorimetric card for visual detection of the HClO in aqueous solution.

14.
Pathol Oncol Res ; 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31254173

RESUMO

Emerging data reveal that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) can act as efficacy indicators for tumor treatment. Here, the association between EGFR R497K (rs11543848) and -216G/T (rs712829) SNPs and radiochemotherapy response in cervical cancer was investigated. EGFR R497K and -216G/T genotypes were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-ligation detection reaction in 196 cervical cancer patients receiving radiotherapy alone, or in combination with chemotherapy. Compared with the 497G/G genotype, the A/A genotype significantly increased sensitivity to radiochemotherapy treatment (adjusted OR = 0.244, 95% CI = 0.087-0.680). Sensitivity to radiochemotherapy was not significantly different in carriers of the 'T' allele than that measured for the -216G/G genotype (adjusted OR = 2.412, 95% CI = 0.856-6.979). Additionally, the 497A/A genotype conferred a reduced risk of recurrence or metastasis than did the G/G genotype (adjusted OR = 0.248, 95% CI = 0.078-0.786, P < 0.05). Moreover, carriers of the 'T' allele did not have significantly modified risk of recurrence or metastasis compared with those with the -216G/G genotype (adjusted OR = 1.027, 95% CI = 0.324-3.253). Multivariate analysis revealed an association between clinical stage and treatment response (adjusted OR = 3.575, 95% CI = 1.662-7.692) and between age and the risk of recurrence or metastasis (adjusted OR = 0.319, 95% CI = 0.148-0.691). Our results show that, in patients with cervical cancer, the R497K polymorphism is correlated with treatment response and the risk of recurrence or metastasis. The R497K SNP might be a genetic marker for prediction of radiochemotherapy response and the risk of recurrence and/or metastasis in patients with cervical cancer.

15.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 32(5): 357-362, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217052

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is an emerging pathogen in Europe and North Asia that causes tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). A simple, rapid method for detecting TBEV RNA is needed to control this disease. METHODS: A reverse-transcription recombinase-aided amplification (RT-RAA) assay was developed. This assay can be completed in one closed tube at 39 °C within 30 minutes. The sensitivity and specificity of RT-RAA were validated using non-infectious synthetic RNA representing a fragment of the NS5 region of the wild-type (WT) TBEV genome and the Senzhang strain. Additionally, 10 batches of tick samples were used to evaluate the performance of the RT-RAA assay. RESULTS: The analytical limit of detection of the assay was 20 copies per reaction of the TBEV synthetic transcript and 3 plaque-forming units (pfu) per reaction of TBEV titers. With the specific assay, no signal due to other arboviruses was observed. Of the 10 batches of tick samples obtained from the Changbai Mountains of China, three were TBEV-positive, which was consistent with the results of the quantitative real-time PCR assay. CONCLUSION: A rapid, highly sensitive, specific, and easy-to-use method was developed for the detection of the TBEV Far-Eastern subtype.


Assuntos
Vírus da Encefalite Transmitidos por Carrapatos/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Viral/análise , Vírus da Encefalite Transmitidos por Carrapatos/genética
16.
J Leukoc Biol ; 106(5): 1089-1100, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31211478

RESUMO

Ginsenoside Rh2 (G-Rh2) has well-established potent antitumor activity; yet, the effects of G-Rh2 on immune and metabolism regulation in cancer treatment, especially non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain unclear. We showed that G-Rh2 had a synergistic antitumor effect with cyclophosphamide (CY) on mice with NSCLC, and improved the immune deficiency caused by CY. Consistently, G-Rh2 exhibited no inhibitory effect on tumor growth of T cells-deficient nude mice. Furthermore, G-Rh2 treatment triggered the oxidative decomposition of fatty acid (FA), suppressed FA synthesis, increased ketone level, and decreased glucocorticoid (CORT) secretion. G-Rh2 significantly down-regulated the expression of fatty acid synthase (FASN). Of note, in liver-specific FASN knockout mice G-Rh2 failed to show the same immune enhancement effects. Further mechanistic exploration revealed that G-Rh2 suppressed the expression and nuclear translocation of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP-1), and disturbed the SREBP-1-FASN interaction in vitro.

17.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(3): 904-910, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204952

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the gene mutations types and the clinical characteristics in 3 patients with hereditary coagulation factor Ⅶ deficiency. METHODS: The phenotype diagnosis was validated by detecting the coagulation parameters including prothrombin time (PT),activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), FⅦ activity (FⅦ: C) and specific antigens (FⅦ: Ag) of proband and its family members. All exons, exon-intron boundaries, 5' untranslated regions and 3' untranslated regions of F7 gene were amplified with PCR. Potential mutations were detected by direct sequencing of purified PCR products. Suspected mutations were confirmed by sequencing of the opposite strand. RESULTS: A total of 5 different mutations were identified in 3 patients with hereditary coagulation factor Ⅶ deficiency and family members, including 4 misssense mutations and 1 splice site mutation. Out of 3 cases of hereditary coagulation factor Ⅶ deficiency 2 had double heterozygous mutation, I had homozygous mutations. Patient 1 had p.His408Gln with p.Arg413Gln double heterozygous mutations, her sister had p.His408Gln with p.Arg413Gln double heterozygous mutations, another one had p.His408Gln mono-heterozygous mutation, their correspo FⅦ: C were 5%, 3%, 75%. Patient 2 had p.Arg364Gln with p.His408Gln double heterozygous mutations, her brother had p.Arg364Gln with IVS6-1G>A double heterozygous mutations, their corresponding FⅦ: C were 2.0%, 2.0%. Patient 3 had p.Arg337Cys homozygous mutation, FⅦ: C was 3.0%. CONCLUSION: A total of 5 different mutations were identified in 3 patients with hereditary coagulation factor Ⅶ deficiency, the p.His408Gln is a common mutation, the FⅦ: C and FⅦ: Ag have no correlation with clinical phenotypes.


Assuntos
Deficiência do Fator VII , Fator VII , Feminino , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Linhagem , Fenótipo
18.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 242: 112029, 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216433

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: ShengMai-Yin and Ganmaidazao decoction are classic formulas in traditional Chinese medicine. Individually, Shengmai-Yin is used to treat cardiovascular diseases, and Ganmaidazao decoction for therapy of mental disorders. The combination of Shengmai-Yin and Ganmaidazao decoction (SGD) is normally used as adjuvant therapy for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). AIM OF THE STUDY: The central aim is to elucidate the pharmacological efficacy of SGD and its mechanism in the treatment of T2DM with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Active ingredients in SGD and their drug targets were identified using network analysis followed by experimental validation. First, existing databases were mined for information relevant to SGD, including pharmacological actions, chemical components, physicochemical characteristics, potential targets, and implicated diseases. Candidate patterns obtained with the network analysis were then tested in a KKAy mouse model of T2DM with NAFLD. Various doses of SGD were administered, followed by measurements of fasting blood glucose, oral glucose tolerance tests, insulin tolerance tests, markers of lipid metabolism - including free fatty acids (FFA), triglycerides (TG), and total cholesterol (TC) - liver histology, and expression levels of implicated molecules including PI3K/AKT and PPARα. RESULTS: Over 300 potential active compounds with their physicochemical characteristics and 562 candidate targets were collected, and then the network of them was constructed. Follow-up pathway and functional enrichment analyses indicated that SGD influences metabolism-related signaling pathways including PI3K-Akt, AMPK, and PPAR. In validation experiments, treatment of KKAy mice with SGD reduced serum levels of glucose, TC, TG, and FFA, decreased numbers of crown-like structures in visceral adipose tissue, reduced adipocyte size, and lowered liver lipid deposits. Further, SGD improved liver metabolism by increasing the expressions of PPARα, HSL, and PI3K/Akt, and decreasing expressions of SREBP-1 and FASN, inhibiting lipid biosynthesis, and increasing insulin sensitivity. CONCLUSION: Experimental validation of network analysis revealed anti-diabetic effects of the plant product SGD, manifested most notably by improved serum profiles and diminished insulin resistance. These experimental results may have clinical implications.

19.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(2): 203-207, 2019 Apr 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060675

RESUMO

Objective To explore the clinical value of one-step visualization loop-mediated isothermal amplification(LAMP)in the detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae(Mp). Methods One-step visualized LAMP,polymerase chain reaction(PCR),and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)were used to simultaneously detect 108 clinical Mp specimens in children,which included 73 cases of Mp infection diagnosed by PCR and 35 cases of other chronic/acute respiratory tract infections.On the first day of admission,one-step visualization LAMP,PCR(fluorimetric method),and ELISA were used to test the throat swab and serum sample obtained from the same patient,and the Kappa value was calculated.The consistence between LAMP and PCR and that between LAMP and ELISA were compared.On the fifth day of admission,40 patients were resampled and the findings of these three tests on the first day and on the fifth day were compared. Results One-step visualization LAMP had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 94.3%,whereas ELISA had a sensitivity of 65.8% and a specificity of 82.9%.The ratio of Kappa camparing one-step visualization LAMP and PCR was 0.956 and the ratio of Kappa camparing one-step visualization LAMP and ELISA was 0.38.The number of positive specimens detected by LAMP was higher than that by ELISA on the first day. Conclusions One-step visualization LAMP has excellent sensitivity and specificity in detecting early acute Mp infection.It has high consistency with PCR and can be applied to detect Mp.


Assuntos
Mycoplasma pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Criança , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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