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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(17): 4504-4510, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581056

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the mechanism of crude extract of Psammosilene tunicoides(CEPT) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis(RA) based on the Nod-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3) inflammasome. The collagen-induced arthritis(CIA) mouse model was established. On day 32 after the primary immunization, according to the arthritis score, the mice were randomly divided into model group, positive control(methotrexate) group, low-and high-dose CEPT groups, and normal group, with 10 mice in each group. According to the administration dose of each group, the mice were continuously administered for 21 days. Every four days during the administration, the paw edema degree, arthritis score, and spleen index of the mice were measured; histopathological examination was performed for the ankles of the mice; the contents of IL-1ß and IL-18 in the serum were determined; the protein expression levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD(ASC), as well as the mRNA expression levels of NLRP3 and caspase-1 in the ankle joints of the mice were detected. The results showed that compared with those in the model group, the mice in the positive control group and CEPT groups had significantly decreased the contents of IL-1ß and IL-18 in the serum and spleen index(P<0.01), significantly lowered arthritis score and degree of paw edema(P<0.01), alleviated arthritic infiltration of the knee, and down-regulated protein and mRNA levels of NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-1 in the ankle joint(P<0.01). These results suggest that P. tunicoides may reduce the paw edema and arthritis score and alleviate the inflammatory response in CIA mice by inhibiting the expression of NLRP3. This study provides a basis for the study of immune regulation of P. tunicoides in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Animais , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Caspase 1/genética , Inflamassomos/genética , Camundongos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3116-3122, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467703

RESUMO

Screening suitable reference genes is the premise of quantitative Real-time PCR(qRT-PCR)for gene expression analysis. To provide stable reference genes for expression analysis of genes in Aconitum vilmorinianum, this study selected 19 candidate re-ference genes(ACT1, ACT2, ACT3, aTUB1, aTUB2, bTUB, 18S rRNA, UBQ, eIF2, eIF3, eIF4, eIF5, CYP, GAPDH1, GAPDH2, PP2A1, PP2A2, ACP, and EF1α) based on the transcriptome data of A. vilmorinianum. qRT-PCR was conducted to profile the expression of these genes in the root, stem, leaf, and flower of A. vilmorinianum. The Ct values showed that 18S rRNA with high expression level and GAPDH2 with large expression difference among organs were not suitable as the reference genes. NormFinder and geNorm showed similar results of the expression stability of the other candidate reference genes and demonstrated PP2A1, EF1α, and CYP as the highly stable ones. However, BestKeeper suggested EF1α, ACT3, and PP2A1 as the top stable genes. In view of the different results from different softwares, the geometric mean method was employed to analyze the expression stability of the candidate re-ference genes, the results of which indicated that PP2A1, EF1α, and ACT3 were the most stable. Based on the comprehensive analysis results of geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, and geometric mean method, PP2A1 and EF1α presented the most stable expression in different organs of A. vilmorinianum. PP2A1 and EF1α were the superior reference genes for gene expression profiling in different organs of A. vilmorinianum.


Assuntos
Aconitum , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes de Plantas/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Padrões de Referência , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(21): 4220-4225, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30583621

RESUMO

Psammosilene tunicoides is one of the main ingredients of the "Yunnan Baiyao". P. tunicoides is an endangered species included in the secondary protection list in China Plant Red Data Book as well as the endemic species in Southwest China. Its natural resources could not meet the needs of pharmaceutical production. Construction of core collection of P. tunicoides will lay the foundation for germplasm improvement and molecular breeding. The sequence variation of the key enzymes gene locus (ß-AS) were carried out to survey the population structure and population history of the species. Among the 11 populations across its geographical range, 36 haplotypes were identified. The levels of haplotype diversity (Hd=0.905) were high, while the levels of population differentiation (GST=0.280) were low. Analysisof molecular variance (AMOVA) indicated that a significantly greater proportion of total genetic variationpartitioned among populations thanwithin populations (values of 77.43% and 22.57%, respectively). These results in combination with the star-like phylogenetic network analysis indicate that Hap1 as an ancestral haplotypewas shared in four populations, Hap2, Hap4, Hap15 and Hap16 are occurred in two populations, the remains as private haplotype only distributed in single population. The strategy of core collection was constructed in order to maximumpreserve genetic diversity of P. tunicoides.


Assuntos
Caryophyllaceae/genética , Variação Genética , China , Genética Populacional , Haplótipos , Filogenia , Plantas Medicinais/genética
4.
Appl Plant Sci ; 6(12): e01199, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30598857

RESUMO

Premise of the Study: Psammosilene tunicoides (Caryophyllaceae) is a narrowly distributed and endemic plant species in southwestern China. The overexploitation of natural P. tunicoides has led to the destruction of many populations. Population and genetic studies will provide crucial data for the protection and management of P. tunicoides. In this study, we develop simple sequence repeat markers of P. tunicoides to analyze population diversity. Methods and Results: Microsatellite loci of P. tunicoides were isolated with FIASCO. Eleven polymorphic and 10 monomorphic primers were developed. The 11 polymorphic primers were tested in three P. tunicoides populations, yielding two to nine alleles per locus. Levels of observed heterozygosity varied from 0.000 to 1.000, and levels of expected heterozygosity ranged from 0.000 to 0.615. In addition, three of these loci were successfully amplified, and showed polymorphism, in three Silene species. Conclusions: These microsatellite markers can be valuable tools to investigate the genetic diversity and population structure of P. tunicoides.

5.
Breed Sci ; 66(3): 391-5, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27436949

RESUMO

Amomum tsaoko is a flexistylous ginger. Flexistyly is a unique floral mechanism promoting outcrossing, which is known only in some species of Zingiberaceae till date. This is a pioneer report on flexistyly in A. tsaoko from the aspect of fructification percentage to clarify its influence on reproduction. We observed in 2007 and 2008 that the fructification percentage of the anaflexistyled and the cataflexistyled inflorescence were 14.89 ± 10.35% and 11.31 ± 7.91% respectively, with significant difference (d.f. = 141.920, t = 2.518, P = 0.013 < 0.05). The greatly significant difference between 2007 and 2008 were present in both the flower number (d.f. = 93, t = -2.819, P = 0.006 < 0.01) and the fructification percentage (d.f. = 93, t = -2.894, P = 0.005 < 0.01) of the cataflexistylous inflorescence. Although the two morphs were similar in morphological characteristics, there was some gender differentiation between them, showing a possibility that the anaflexistylous morph might function more as females and the cataflexistylous morph more as males. Reproduction of the cataflexistylous morph was significantly sensitive to change of environmental factors, in contrast to the anaflexistylous morph, thus the yield varied between the abundant year (2008) and the off year (2007).

6.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 39(9): 1971-4, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30207652

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a real-time quantitative PCR method to detect Psammosilene tunicoides ß-actin, and to provide a reference gene for the detection of Psammosilene tunicoides genes by q PCR. Methods: Specific primers were designed based on the conserved region of the ß-actin gene( Gen Bank) and were used to amplify ß-actin by PCR. ß-actin was also used as a reference gene in the q PCR analysis of glycosyltransferase gene( UGT) expression in the roots,stems,and leaves of Psammosilene tunicoides. Results: The length of the ß-actin gene amplicon from Psammosilene tunicoides was 153 bp and shared relatively high homology with ß-actin found in Vaccaria segetalis, Myosoton aquaticum and Portulaca oleracea. Furthermore, UGT was revealed to be stably expressed in different Psammosilene tunicoides tissues when ß-actin was employed as the reference gene. Conclusion: ß-actin is a reliable and suitable reference gene for studies on the expression of triterpenoid saponin biosynthesis-related genes in Psammosilene tunicoides.


Assuntos
Caryophyllaceae , Actinas , Raízes de Plantas , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Saponinas
7.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 37(3): 388-92, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25174100

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To lay the foundation for quality evaluation of medicinal materials of Amomum tsao-ko and its selection of fine varieties, the variation of percentage of volatile oil in the seeds among populations and individuals and its influencing factors were studied. METHODS: Extracted volatile oil from the seeds according to the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, studied quantitative characters of fruit, and analyzed the data according to SPSS 13.0. RESULTS: The percentage of volatile oil in seeds was greatly significantly different among the 7 populations (P = 0.000 < 0.001), and among different individuals (P = 0.000 < 0.001). A significantly positive correlation was detected between the percentage of volatile oil in seeds and length of fruit (P = 0.024 < 0.05), and significantly negative correlation occurred between the percentage and other quantitative characters or factors, viz. thousand seeds weight (P = 0.031 < 0.05), flower number per inflorescence (P = 0.028 < 0.05), weight of seeds masses per fruit (P = 0.038 < 0.05), altitude (P = 0.014 < 0.05), and latitude (P = 0.000 < 0.001). The regression equation (Y = 1.031 - 1.744 X2 - 1.119 X3 + 2.207 X1) was the optimal regression model of percentage of volatile oil in seeds (X1, X2 and X3 were respectively represented as the length and length-width ratio of fruit,and the weight of seeds masses). CONCLUSION: Environmental factors influence greatly significantly on the percentage of volatile oil in seeds. The production and accumulation of volatile oil would decrease with altitude and latitude increasing. The longer fruit has the higher percentage volatile oil.


Assuntos
Altitude , Amomum/química , Óleos Voláteis/análise , Sementes/química , Amomum/fisiologia , Clima , Ecossistema , Frutas/química , Frutas/fisiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Sementes/fisiologia
8.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 33(7): 1034-8, 2010 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21137356

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the difference of the quantitative multistate character of infructescence of Amomum tsao-ko from five populations, and the correlations between the quantitative multistate character and altitude, longitude and latitude. METHODS: By observing and analyzing the quantitative multistate character of infructescence of Amomum tsao-ko from five populations. RESULTS: There is highly significant difference among the number of flowerlets each inflorescence from five populations. The higher the altitude, the less the number of flowerlets each inflorescence; and the higher the longitude is, the more the number of flowerlets each inflorescence. The temperature and the humidity of the circumstance affects the number of flowerlets each inflorescence. Lower temperature, higher diurnal variation of temperature, and higher diurnal variation of relative humidity causes less number of flowerlets each inflorescence. There is significantly negative correlation between the number of flowerlets each inflorescence and the maturing rate of infructescence. The difference of the maturing rate of infructescence from five populations don't approach significant level. The difference of the maturing rate of infructescence approaches significant level by multiple comparisons between Magnan population and Baoshan population, Gongshan population and Xichou population. There is not significant correlation between the maturing rate of infructescence and the altitude, the longitude and the latitude. CONCLUSION: The factors of the circumstance affects the number of flowerlets each inflorescence. The climate by the change of the altitude affects the number of flowerlets each inflorescence highly significantly. Selecting the fine genetic resources of Amomum tsao-ko for high yielding, the number of flowerlets of inflorescence is not better character. Maybe the difference of the maturing rate of inflorescence is mainly caused by different genetic resources. Analyzing the difference of genetic regenetic resources of Amomum tsao-ko.


Assuntos
Amomum/fisiologia , Frutas/fisiologia , Inflorescência/fisiologia , Altitude , Amomum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Clima , Ecossistema , Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Umidade , Inflorescência/crescimento & desenvolvimento
9.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 33(4): 507-10, 2010 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20845775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the anatomical structure of endangered alpine medical plant Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora and the high altitude adaptability. METHODS: The leaf epidermis character as well as section structure of leaf, aerial stem and rhizome were observed by light microscopical technique. RESULTS: The leaf surface of Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora was covered with two kinds of glandular hair, and the stommata was anomocytic type. Moreover, the leaf was isolateral and differed from most of alpine plant. The aerial stem had well-developed mechanical tissue. The rhizome was distributed by well-developed cork layers and collenchyma. Large numbers of aerenchymas distributed widely in leaf, aerial stem and rhizome. CONCLUSION: There existed characteristic traits in Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora that adapted the alpine environment, however, there still had some particular character different from other alpine plant. Thus, the adaptive style of alpine plant to high altitude environment was diversity.


Assuntos
Aclimatação/fisiologia , Altitude , Folhas de Planta/anatomia & histologia , Plantas Medicinais/anatomia & histologia , Scrophulariaceae/anatomia & histologia , Adaptação Fisiológica , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Folhas de Planta/ultraestrutura , Caules de Planta/anatomia & histologia , Caules de Planta/ultraestrutura , Plantas Medicinais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Rizoma/anatomia & histologia , Rizoma/ultraestrutura , Scrophulariaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Scrophulariaceae/ultraestrutura
10.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 32(8): 1184-7, 2009 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19960937

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the regulation of the growth of fruit of Amomum tsaoko and the factors influencing the weight of fruit. METHODS: To compare and analyze the quantitative multistate character of fruit and seed of Amomum tsaoko. RESULTS: The quantitative multistate character of fruit and seed of Amomum tsaoko in populations and between populations were abundant. There was positive relativity between the rate of fertilization of ovule and the rate of fructify and this indicated the different heredity character among plants. The weight of fruit was mainly decided by the weight of seed regiment, The more the seed quantity, the larger the weight of seed regiment, and the larger the weight of fruit, then the higher the yield. The variety of the weight of fruit and the quantity of seed presented peak form along with the proper order of fruit growth in inflorescence but had no relativity. CONCLUSION: The abundant quantitative multistate character of fruit and seed of Amomum tsaoko provide the abundant materials for selecting good varieties. For high yield we should not only choose plants with high rate of fructify and high rate of fertilization of ovule the, but also pay attention to the influence of pollination to yield.


Assuntos
Amomum/fisiologia , Frutas/fisiologia , Plantas Medicinais/fisiologia , Sementes/fisiologia , Amomum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Flores/fisiologia , Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Filogenia , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
11.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 31(2): 192-5, 2008 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18619261

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the ribosomal ITS sequence variation of Psammosilene tuncolides W. C. Wu et C. Y. Wu from different populations, for identifying different local populations. METHODS: A pair of primers of 18SP1 and 26SP2 with PCR technique had been applied to study the ITS sequences. RESULTS: The sequences of ITS1, ITS2 and 5.8S are 225-229 bp, 166-170 bp and 261-264 bp. Among 12 local populations, the sequence of Kunming, Lijiang, Gejiu, Heqing of Yunnan and Yanyuan of Sichuan showed no variation, there were 1-4 variable sites (including 5.8S coding region) in pairwise comparison of the other 7 local populations, including Xuanwei, Huize, Zhongdian, Baoshan of Yunnan, Muli of Sichuan and Linzhi of Tibet. CONCLUSION: Comparative analysis shows that the ITS sequences of different local populations in the middle of Yunnan, southwest of Sichuan and west, northwest of Yunnan, southeast of Tibet, southwest of Sichuan have different fingerprint character, so the ITS sequences can be used to identify different local populations. The variation of ITS sequence of Psammosilene tunicoides is related to its geographical distribution.


Assuntos
Caryophyllaceae/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Plantas Medicinais/genética , RNA Ribossômico 5,8S/genética , Sequência de Bases , Caryophyllaceae/classificação , Caryophyllaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , China , DNA de Plantas/química , DNA de Plantas/genética , DNA de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Geografia , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Plantas Medicinais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Análise de Sequência de DNA
12.
Yao Xue Xue Bao ; 43(12): 1245-50, 2008 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19244758

RESUMO

The total triterpene saponins of Psammosilene tunicoides have significant pharmacologic activity. Psammosilene tunicoides squalene synthase (PSS) is a gateway enzyme to regulate the biosynthesis of total triterpene saponins extracted from the root of Psammosilene tunicoides which is an endangered species. In this paper, cDNA encoding of PSS was cloned by the degenerate primer PCR and rapid-amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The full-length of cDNA of PSS is 1663 bp, with an open reading frame (ORF) of 1 245 bp, encoding 414 amino acid polypeptide (calculated molecular mass, 47.69 kDa), 5'UTR (untranslated region) and 3'UTR are 260 bp and 158 bp, respectively. The deduced amino acid sequence of PSS has higher homology with the known squalene synthases of several species such as Panax notoginseng (83%), Panax ginseng (82%) and Glycyrrhiza glabra (82%) than that with Schizosacharomyces pombe (35%), Candida albicans (39%) and Homo sapiens (47%). The characterization of PSS was done by a series of methods, such as prokaryotic expression, the activity of enzyme in vitro, capillary gas chromatography (GC) and capillary gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results showed that the cell-free extract of E. coli transformed with the recombinant plasmid can effectively convert farnesyl diphosphate into squalene in vitro. GenBank accession number is EF585250. Our research provided important base for the study of Psammosilene tunicoides secondary metabolism and metabolic engineering.


Assuntos
Caryophyllaceae/enzimologia , Farnesil-Difosfato Farnesiltransferase/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Caryophyllaceae/genética , Clonagem Molecular , DNA Complementar/genética , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Farnesil-Difosfato Farnesiltransferase/metabolismo , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Medicinais/química , Plantas Medicinais/genética , Plasmídeos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Transformação Genética
13.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 29(2): 110-1, 2006 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16617774

RESUMO

The comparison between the growth of eight populations from Psammosilene tunicoides at Yunnan Province was made by the tissue culture. The initial results showed out two populations from Yunshanping (Lijiang) and Xiaomoyu (Kunming) was dominant than orthers. It would be regard as one of fine germplasm resources for the culture of Psammosilence tunicoides.


Assuntos
Caryophyllaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plantas Medicinais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Caryophyllaceae/anatomia & histologia , Caryophyllaceae/classificação , Meios de Cultura , Caules de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos/métodos
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