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1.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e933782, 2022 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35034947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This study aimed to survey the overall situation of birth defects (BDs) among citizens of Hangzhou, China, and the risk factors of different BD types. MATERIAL AND METHODS We collected the data of 4349 perinatal infants with BDs in Hangzhou. The potentially associated risk factors of BDs were recorded and logistic regression analysis was used to predict the high incidence of BDs. RESULTS Among all perinatal infants with BDs, there were 4105 (94.3%) single births, 225 (5.2%) twin births, and 10 (0.2%) multiple births. In clinical outcomes, there were 2477 (57.0%) live births, 1806 (41.5%) dead fetuses, and 11 (0.3%) stillbirths. Down syndrome ranked first, accounting for 30.7% of the total births, followed by cleft lip and polydactyly. Low family income, nulliparity, high parity, high education level, and taking contraceptives in early pregnancy were found to be risk factors of Down syndrome. Low parity, low education level, and pesticide exposure were found to be risk factors of cleft lip. For polydactyly, young age of the mother and a parity above 0 were identified as risk factors. CONCLUSIONS Different risks factors can influence BD development and potentially help to predict specific BD types, such as demographic features and harmful exposure in early pregnancy.

2.
Lab Invest ; 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013531

RESUMO

Exosomes, one of three main types of extracellular vesicles, are ~30-100 nm in diameter and have a lipid bilayer membrane. They are widely distributed in almost all body fluids. Exosomes have the potential to regulate unknown cellular and molecular mechanisms in intercellular communication, organ homeostasis, and diseases. They are critical signal carriers that transfer nucleic acids, proteins, lipids, and other substances into recipient cells, participating in cellular signal transduction and material exchange. ncRNAs are non-protein-coding genes that account for over 90% of the genome and include microRNAs (miRNAs), long ncRNAs (lncRNAs), and circular RNAs (circRNAs). ncRNAs are crucial for physiological and pathological activities in the liver by participating in gene transcription, posttranscriptional epigenetic regulation, and cellular processes through interacting with DNA, RNA, or proteins. Recent evidence from both clinical and preclinical studies indicates that exosome-derived noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) are highly involved in the progression of acute and chronic liver diseases by regulating hepatic lipid metabolism, innate immunity, viral infection, fibrosis, and cancer. Therefore, exosome-derived ncRNAs have promising potential and clinical implications for the early diagnosis, targeted therapy, and prognosis of liver diseases.

3.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1283, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) drive tumor initiation and progression and participate in tumor chemoresistance. We recently discovered that oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells that highly express CD10 (CD10H cells) present cancer stem cells (CSC)-associated characteristics, which, in turn, affect the tumor growth, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and resistance to cisplatin. In this study, we further investigated this mechanism in vitro and in vivo. We hypothesized that IL8 might regulate migration, invasion, and cisplatin resistance of CD10-positive oral cancer cells through the ERK pathway. METHODS: CD10 MicroBead Kit was used to select HN6 cells with high and low expression of CD10. The target protein IL8 was screened via protein chip assay. Lentiviral transduction and specific inhibitor were applied to investigate the signaling pathway. Real-time PCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry were used to analyze the mRNA and protein expression; transwell assay, spheroid formation assay, and cell viability assay were used to study the cell biological behavior in vitro; xenograft animal model was used to evaluate the tumor formation rate in vivo. RESULTS: Overexpression of CD10 promoted CSC-related genes expression and enhanced migration, invasion, spheroid formation, and chemoresistance in HN6 cells. Moreover, the overexpression of IL8 was detected in OSCC tumor tissue and cell lines (HN6 and CAL27) overexpressing CD10. IL8 secreted by CD10H HN6 promoted migration and invasion and restored tumor chemosensitivity via the p-ERK signaling pathway, while the inhibition of IL8 increased the chemosensitivity to cisplatin. CONCLUSIONS: IL8 secretion by CD10 positive cells promotes migration, invasion, and cisplatin resistance of OSCC via the p-ERK signaling pathway.

4.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 784329, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34867417

RESUMO

Morroniside, a secoiridoid glycoside from Cornus officinalis, is a class of small molecule non-peptide glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists and possess many important biomedical functions. Our previous studies reported that GLP-1R agonist exenatide promoted M2 polarization and the expression of cell-specific anti-inflammatory factor interleukin-10 in neuropathological pain model. In this study, we proved that morroniside not only induced M2 polarization and stimulated interleukin-10 expression specifically in cortical primary microglia by p38ß mitogen-activated protein kinases pathway but also protected nerve cells against H2O2-induced cell oxidative damage and prohibited ischemic injury by reducing infarct size, which is at least in part mediated by enhanced expression of microglial interleukin-10. In the cortical penumbra area in middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) mice. In general, our results indicated that GLP-1R agonist morroniside might play a neuroprotective effect by inducing M2 polarization, and cyclic-AMP/protein kinase A/p38ß pathway might mediate morroniside-induced expression of interleukin-10 protein in M2 microglia.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34865470

RESUMO

In this work, we employed an asymmetric auxiliary organic ligand (1,1,1-trifluoroacetylacetone, Htfac) to further regulate the magnetic relaxation behavior of series of Dy2 single-molecule magnets (SMMs) with a N1,N3-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)diethylenetriamine (H2L) ligand. Fortunately, an air-stable Dy2 complex, [Dy2(L)2(tfac)2] (1; Htfac = 1,1,1-trifluoroacetylacetone) was obtained at room temperature. A structural analysis indicated that some Dy-O or Dy-N bond lengths for 1 are not in the range of those for the complexes [DyIII2(L)2(acac)2]·2CH2Cl2 (Dy2-acac; Hacac = acetylacetone) and [DyIII2(L)2(hfac)2] (Dy2-hfac; Hhfac = hexafluoroacetylacetone), although the electron-withdrawing ability of tfac- is stronger than that of acac- but weaker than that of hfac-. Additionally, the Dy-O3/O3a (the two O atoms bridged to DyIII ions) bond lengths are also affected by the asymmetrical Htfc ligand. This indicated that the charge distribution of the coordination atoms around DyIII has been modified in 1, which leads to the fine-tuning of the magnetic relaxation behavior of 1. Magnetic studies indicated that the values of effective energy barrier (Ueff) for 1 and its diluted sample (2) are 234.8(3) and 188.0(6) K, respectively, which are both higher than the reported value of 110 K for the complex Dy2-hfac. More interestingly, 1 exhibits a magnetic hysteresis opening when T < 2.5 K at zero field, while the hysteresis loops of 2 are closed at a zero dc field. This discrepancy is due to the weak intramolecular exchange coupling in 2, which cannot overcome the QTM of the single DyIII ion. Ab initio calculations for 1 revealed that the charge distributions of the coordination atoms around DyIII ions were regulated and the intramolecular exchange coupling was indeed improved when the asymmetrical Htfc was employed as a ligand for the synthesis of this kind of Dy2 SMM.

6.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(12): 1011-5, 2021 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34970877

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of oblique needling at Ashi-point on behavior, and cell morphology, myogenic differentiation antigen (MyoD1) and paired box transcription factor Pax7 (Pax7) of quadriceps femoris tissue in quadriceps femoris injured mice. METHODS: A total of 24 C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into control, model, shallow insertion and deep insertion groups, with 6 mice in each group. The quadriceps femoris injury model was established by single intramuscular injection of 0.5% bupivacaine (BPVC). Twenty-four hours after modeling, mice of the two acupuncture groups were received oblique needling on the surface or through the muscle belly of quadriceps femoris for once, the oblique needling was lifted and inserted 3 times. The climbing pole test was conducted 24 h after modeling and 24 h after EA. Histopathological changes of quadriceps femoris was observed by H.E. staining. The expressions of MyoD1 and Pax7 were detected by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the score of climbing pole test was lower (P<0.01), and the expressions of MyoD1 and Pax7 significantly increased (P<0.01) in the model group. After the intervention and compared with the model group, the score of climbing pole test was higher (P<0.01), and the expressions of MyoD1 and Pax7 obviously increased (P<0.01) in the two acupuncture groups. The therapeutic effect of deep insertion group was apparently superior to that of shallow insertion group in up-regulating the climbing pole test score and expressions of MyoD1 and Pax7 (P<0.05, P<0.01). H.E. stain showed large areas of inflammatory infiltration, muscle cells swelling, atrophy, rupture, degeneration and necrosis, different cell sizes and morphologies, enlarged intervals, nuclear aggregation, deep nuclear staining, nuclear pyknosis, and hemorrhage in the model group, which was relatively milder in both needling groups. CONCLUSION: Oblique needling at Ashi-point can effectively promote the benign repair of injured quadriceps muscle and promote the recovery of exercise ability in mice, which may be associated with its effect in up-regulating the expression of MyoD1 and Pax7 protein. The role of deep insertion is superior to that of shallow insertion.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Contusões , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Músculo Esquelético , Fator de Transcrição PAX7/genética , Músculo Quadríceps
7.
J Mol Model ; 27(12): 364, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34842972

RESUMO

The successive experimental observations of planar, cage-like, seashell-like, and bilayer Bn-/0 clusters in the size range between n = 3-48 well demonstrate the structural diversity and rich chemistry of boron nanoclusters. Based on extensive global minimum search and density functional theory calculations, we predict herein the bilayer C1 B50 (I), C2h B52 (II), C1 B56 (IV), and C2v B58 (V) as the global minima of the systems to fill in the missing gap in the bilayer B2n series between B48-B72. These highly stable species all contain a B38 bilayer hexagonal prism at the center, with 2, 2, 3, and 3 effective interlayer B-B σ-bonds formed between inward-buckled atoms on the top and bottom layers, respectively. Our bilayer C1 B50 (I) and C1 B56 (IV) prove to be obviously more stable than the previously reported quasi-planar C2v B50 and C2v B56 with two adjacent B6 hexagonal holes. Detailed bonding analyses indicate that these bilayer clusters follow the universal bonding pattern of σ + π double delocalization, making them three-dimensionally aromatic in nature. The bilayer B2n species in the size range between B48-B72 evolve gradually on the waist around the B38 or elongated B46 bilayer hexagonal prism at the center.

8.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(28): 8595-8601, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34754873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a common non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. R-CHOP is a protocol for long-term chemotherapy for DLBCL patients. Long-term chemotherapy can lead to low immunity and increase the risk of opportunistic pathogen infections in immunocompromised patients. CASE SUMMARY: We report a case of coinfection with Pneumocystis jirovecii (P. jirovecii) and Legionella pneumophila (L. pneumophila) in a patient with DLBCL. The patient was a 40-year-old female who was diagnosed with DLBCL and was admitted due to pulmonary infection. P. jirovecii and L. pneumophila were detected in her bronchoalveolar lavage fluid by hexamine silver staining, isothermal amplification and metagenomic sequencing. CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of P. jirovecii and L. pneumophila coinfection found in a DLBCL patient. Clinicians should be aware of the risk of complicated infection in patients undergoing long-term chemotherapy.

9.
Anal Chem ; 93(48): 16149-16157, 2021 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792351

RESUMO

Electrochemiluminescence (ECL), as an advanced sensing process, can selectively control the generation of excited states by changing the potential. However, most of the existing ECL systems rely on poisonous coreactants to provide radicals for luminescence; although the ECL efficiency was improved, the athematic coreactants will cause unpredictable interference to the accurate analysis of trace targets. Herein, we realized the ECL of nonemitting molecules by performing intramolecular electron transfer in the olefin-linked covalent organic frameworks (COFs), with a high efficiency of 63.7%. Employing internal dissolved oxygen as the coreactant, it is well suitable for the analysis of various complex samples in the environment. Taking nuclear contamination analysis as the goal orientation, we further illustrated a design of a "turn-on" uranyl ion monitoring system integrating fast response, low detection limit, and high selectivity, showing that new ECL-COFs are promising to facilitate environment-related sensing analysis and structure-feature correlation mechanism exploration.

10.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20062, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625598

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the effect of exenatide (EXE), a glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 receptor agonist, on kidney function, obesity indices, and glucose control in overweight/obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A total of 159 overweight/obese patients with T2DM were randomized to the EXE group or insulin glargine (GLAR) control group for a total treatment period of 24 weeks. EXE intervention significantly reduced the urine albumin concentration (UAC) at week 12 and 24 endpoints (P < 0.001 at week 12 and 24). The levels of the anthropometric, glucose and lipid parameters (TG and HDL-c), and inflammation biomarkers (CRP and TNF-α) in the EXE group were improved at 12 weeks or 24 weeks, respectively. Meanwhile, a comparison between two groups showed significant changes in anthropometric parameters, glucose parameters, lipid parameters (TG and HDL-c), and Inflammation biomarkers (CRP, IL-6, and TNF-α). Serum fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) was increased in the EXE group (P = 0.005) at week 24, and the change was significantly improved compared with GLAR group (P = 0.003). Correlation network analysis showed that FGF21 had a more central role in improving metabolism in the EXE group, and the change of FGF 21 was significantly negatively correlated with UAC at week 12 and week 24, respectively (r = - 0.297, P = 0.010; r = - 0.294, P = 0.012). Our results showed that EXE could help patients improve UAC, glycemic levels, and inflammatory biomarkers after a follow-up period of 24 weeks intervention. These EXE effects may be partly mediated by FGF 21, indicating that EXE is an effective and safe way to control albuminuria in overweight/obese patients with T2DM.

11.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(26): 7923-7929, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inborn error of bile acid synthesis type 4 is a peroxisomal disease with impaired bile acid synthesis caused by a-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR) gene mutation. The disease is usually found in children with mild to severe liver disease, cholestasis and poor fat-soluble vitamin absorption. At present, there is no report of inborn errors of bile acid synthesis type 4 in adults with liver disease and poor fat-soluble vitamin absorption. CASE SUMMARY: A 71-year-old man was hospitalized in our department for recurrent liver dysfunction. The clinical manifestations were chronic liver disease and yellow skin and sclera. Serum transaminase, bilirubin and bile acid were abnormally increased; and fat-soluble vitamins decreased. Liver cirrhosis and ascites were diagnosed by computed tomography. The patient had poor coagulation function and ascites and did not undergo liver puncture. Genetic testing showed AMACR gene missense mutation. The patient was diagnosed with inborn error of bile acid synthesis type 4. He was treated with ursodeoxycholic acid, liver protection and vitamin supplementation, and jaundice of the skin and sclera was reduced. The indicators of liver function and the quality of life were significantly improved. CONCLUSION: When adults have recurrent liver function abnormalities, physicians should be alert to genetic diseases and provide timely treatment.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(40): 47921-47931, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601862

RESUMO

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) with stable long-range ordered arrangements are promising materials for organic optoelectronics. However, their electrochemiluminescence (ECL) from non-ECL active monomers has not been realized. Here, we report a design strategy for ECL-emitting COF family. The donors and acceptors co-crystallized and stacked into the highly aligned array of olefin-linked COFs, so that electrons can be transported freely. By this means, a tunable ECL is activated from non-ECL molecules with the maximum efficiency of 32.1% in water with the dissolved oxygen as an inner coreactant, and no additional noxious co-reactant is needed any more. Quantum chemistry calculations further demonstrate that this design reduces the COFs' band gaps and the overlap of electrons and holes in the excited state for better photoelectric properties and stronger ECL signals. This work exploits a basis to envisage the broad application potential of ECL-COFs for various biosensors and light-emitting display.

13.
Cancer Med ; 10(22): 8079-8090, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647688

RESUMO

Metastatic upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (mUTUC) is a relatively rare urothelial carcinoma, and little attention has been given to it. Our study established a nomogram by analyzing the prognostic factors of mUTUC to predict the survival of patients and revealed that the role of surgery at the primary tumor site. We extracted our data (2010-2016) from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, and 628 patients with distant metastasis were identified. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to balance the clinical variable bias in a 1:1 ratio. After PSM, we enrolled 502 patients in our study cohort. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses and Kaplan-Meier curves showed that T stage, N stage, hepatic metastasis, surgery, and chemotherapy were prognostic factors for mUTUC before and after PSM. Based on the findings, a nomogram was constructed to predict the 12-month survival of patients with distant metastasis. The analysis of subgroups of T stage, N stage, and different metastatic sites demonstrated that the survival of patients with T1/T2, N0/N1/N2/N3, metastasis including liver, and metastasis including bone could be improved by a combination of surgery and chemotherapy, while for the patients with T3/T4/TX, NX, metastasis including lung, and metastasis including distant lymph nodes, chemotherapy alone was a better choice to improve their overall survival. Radiotherapy has been proven to be useful for patients with N1/N2/N3 stage. We have provided more precise treatment strategies for stage IV patients. Our research fully affirms the role of surgery on primary site in UTUC patients with distant metastasis and the significance of classifying the patients into subgroups by integrating variables including T stage, N stage, and different metastatic sites to select the optimal treatment method.

14.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e932126, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND HNSCC (head and neck squamous cell carcinoma) is a heterogeneous disease for which radiotherapy is a main treatment. As intrinsic radiosensitivity and immune status affect the initial and effective stage of the radiation-induced cancer immunity cycle, respectively, it is important to consider both of them when we select patients who can benefit from radiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS Our study included all HNSCC patients with complete survival and radiotherapy information in TCGA database. Patients were divided into RS (radiosensitive), RR (radioresistant), immune, and non-immune groups according to their RSI (radiosensitivity index) and immune score calculated by the ESTIMATE algorithm. Survival analysis was performed to compare OS (overall survival) between patients receiving and not receiving radiotherapy. GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis was performed for functional analysis. Univariate Cox and ridge regression analysis were performed to construct a predictive gene signature based on the combined stratification. RESULTS Only patients in the RS-immune group could benefit from radiotherapy, and the survival analysis results remained consistent after we performed propensity score matching between patients receiving and not receiving radiotherapy. The differentially expressed genes between the RS-immune and non-RS-immune groups were mainly enriched in pathways related to immune process. The 3-gene signature we built exhibited predictive value in training and validation cohorts when treated as a binary or continuous variable. CONCLUSIONS The combined stratification of intrinsic radiosensitivity and immune status was superior to considering intrinsic radiosensitivity or immune status alone and could be used in preclinical evaluation to select patients or to decide whether radiotherapy sensitizers and immunotherapy should be used at the same time.

15.
Exp Cell Res ; 407(2): 112809, 2021 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487729

RESUMO

Defensins are highly conserved antimicrobial peptides, which ubiquitously expressed in different species. In addition to the functions in host defense, their aberrant expression have also been documented in cancerous tissue including breast cancer, lung caner and renal carcinoma etc. Whereas, roles of Defensin Alpha 5 (DEFA5) in colon cancer has not been explored. Bioinformatic analysis was used to study the expression of DEFA5 and its correlation with clinical outcomes; Western blot, qPCR, Co-immunoprecipitation, xenograft models were used to the study the molecular mechanism. Decreased expression of DEFA5 at protein level was observed in colon tissues. Colon cancer cell lines proliferation and colony formation capacity were significantly suppressed by DEFA5 overexpression. Moreover, in vivo tumor growth in nude mice was also suppressed by DEFA5 overexpression, suggesting a tumor suppressor role of DEFA5 in colon cancer. Mechanistically, DEFA5 directly binds to the subunits of PI3K complex, thus attenuates the downstream signaling transduction, leads to delayed cell growth and metastasis. Collectively, we concluded that DEFA5 showed an inhibitory effect in colon cancer cell growth and may serve as a potential tumor suppressor in colon cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/prevenção & controle , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/química , alfa-Defensinas/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , alfa-Defensinas/genética
16.
Eur J Radiol ; 143: 109938, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488010

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Diffuse hyperintensities of the bone marrow in whole-body diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging (DWI) have been encountered more frequently in females aged 21-50 compared to elder females or men. Therefore, we aimed to visually evaluate DWI among pre-, peri- and postmenopausal women and to verify whether it correlates also quantitatively with hormonal status. METHOD: The prospective study was approved by our institutional review board and informed consent was obtained in a total of 70 healthy premenopausal, perimenopausal, and postmenopausal women aged 40-58 years from February 2017 to October 2017. The bone marrow DW imaging signal characteristics were visually evaluated in comparison to the erector spinae muscle. Imaging data were acquired using a 1.5 T MRI yielding signal intensity values from a DWI-pulse sequence (b-value of 800 s/mm2; apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps from b-values of 0-800 s/mm2), and a T2 mapping sequence covering the L2-L4 lumbar vertebrae. Serous estradiol (E2), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH) were measured through venous blood assay. The relationship of the mean DW signal intensity (SIDWI) with T2 values, female hormone level, and mean ADC were analyzed using Spearman's rho test. RESULTS: The proportion of diffuse DWI hyperintensities of the bone marrow was significantly higher in premenopausal (91% (21/23)) women compared to peri- (75% (18/24)) and postmenopausal (8% (2/23)) women. A positive correlation was observed for the mean SIDWI (median [interquartile range], 47.33 [30.14]) and mean T2 (mean ± SD, 121.01 ± 13.54) (r = 0.438, p < 0.001) as well as for the mean SIDWI and E2 (median [interquartile range], 52.45 [92.78]) (r = 0.407, p < 0.001). A negative correlation was observed for the mean SIDWI and serous FSH (median [interquartile range], 15.55 [42.08]) as well as for the mean SIDWI and serous LH (median [interquartile range], 6.96 [31.06]) (r = -0.557, p < 0.001; r = -0.535, p < 0.001; respectively), but no significant correlation was found for mean SIDWI and mean ADC (mean ± SD, 599.36 ± 82.70) (r = 0.099, p = 0.415). A negative correlation was also encountered for the mean T2 values and serous FSH (r = -0.339, p = 0.004) as well as for the mean T2 values and serous LH (r = -0.281, p = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: The mean SIDWI correlates positively with mean T2 and serous E2 values, while there's no significant correlation with mean ADC, indicating that T2 shine-through effects might interfere with bone marrow signaling on DW images. Knowledge of the bone marrow signal characteristics changing in DW images in close relationship with menstrual status is essential to correctly interpret DWI in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Idoso , Medula Óssea/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4735, 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34354067

RESUMO

Electrochemiluminescence (ECL) plays a key role in analysis and sensing because of its high sensitivity and low background. Its wide applications are however limited by a lack of highly tunable ECL luminophores. Here we develop a scalable method to design ECL emitters of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) in aqueous medium by simultaneously restricting the donor and acceptor to the COFs' tight electron configurations and constructing high-speed charge transport networks through olefin linkages. This design allows efficient intramolecular charge transfer for strong ECL, and no exogenous poisonous co-reactants are needed. Olefin-linked donor-acceptor conjugated COFs, systematically synthesized by combining non-ECL active monomers with C2v or C3v symmetry, exhibit strong ECL signals, which can be boosted by increasing the chain length and conjugation of monomers. The present concept demonstrates that the highly efficient COF-based ECL luminophores can be precisely designed, providing a promising direction toward COF-based ECL phosphors.

19.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 192: 114727, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390739

RESUMO

Thalidomide is an antiinflammatory, antiangiogenic and immunomodulatory agent which has been used for the treatment of erythema nodosum leprosum and multiple myeloma. It has also been employed in treating complex regional pain syndromes. The current study aimed to reveal the molecular mechanisms underlying thalidomide-induced pain antihypersensitive effects in neuropathic pain. Thalidomide gavage, but not its more potent analogs lenalidomide and pomalidomide, inhibited mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia in neuropathic pain rats induced by tight ligation of spinal nerves, with ED50 values of 44.9 and 23.5 mg/kg, and Emax values of 74% and 84% MPE respectively. Intrathecal injection of thalidomide also inhibited mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia in neuropathic pain. Treatment with thalidomide, lenalidomide and pomalidomide reduced peripheral nerve injury-induced proinflammatory cytokines (TNFα, IL-1ß and IL-6) in the ipsilateral spinal cords of neuropathic rats and LPS-treated primary microglial cells. In contrast, treatment with thalidomide, but not lenalidomide or pomalidomide, stimulated spinal expressions of IL-10 and ß-endorphin in neuropathic rats. Particularly, thalidomide specifically stimulated IL-10 and ß-endorphin expressions in microglia but not astrocytes or neurons. Furthermore, pretreatment with the IL-10 antibody blocked upregulation of ß-endorphin in neuropathic rats and cultured microglial cells, whereas it did not restore thalidomide-induced downregulation of proinflammatory cytokine expression. Importantly, pretreatment with intrathecal injection of the microglial metabolic inhibitor minocycline, IL-10 antibody, ß-endorphin antiserum, and preferred or selective µ-opioid receptor antagonist naloxone or CTAP entirely blocked thalidomide gavage-induced mechanical antiallodynia. Our results demonstrate that thalidomide, but not lenalidomide or pomalidomide, alleviates neuropathic pain, which is mediated by upregulation of spinal microglial IL-10/ß-endorphin expression, rather than downregulation of TNFα expression.


Assuntos
Interleucina-10/biossíntese , Microglia/metabolismo , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Neuralgia/metabolismo , Talidomida/uso terapêutico , beta-Endorfina/biossíntese , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-10/agonistas , Masculino , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Talidomida/farmacologia , beta-Endorfina/agonistas
20.
J Theor Biol ; 529: 110862, 2021 11 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391806

RESUMO

Kin selection means that individuals can increase their own inclusive fitness through displaying more altruistically toward their relatives. So, Hamilton's rule says kin selection will work if the coefficient of relatedness exceeds the cost-to-benefit ratio of the altruistic act. However, some studies have shown that the kin competition due to the altruism among relatives can reduce, and even totally negate, the kin-selected benefits of altruism toward relatives. In order to understand how the evolution of cooperation is influenced by both kin selection and kin competition under a general theoretical framework, we here consider the evolutionary dynamics of cooperation in a finite kin population, where kin competition is incorporated into a simple Prisoner's Dilemma game between relatives. Differently from the previous studies, we emphasize that the difference between the effects of mutually and unilaterally altruistic acts on kin competition may play an important role for the evolution of cooperation. The main results not only show the conditions that Hamilton's rule still works under the kin competition but also reveal the evolutionary biological mechanism driving the evolution of cooperation in a finite kin population.


Assuntos
Altruísmo , Evolução Biológica , Humanos
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