Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 178
Filtrar
1.
Front Neurol ; 12: 740136, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795628

RESUMO

Background: We found a positive correlation between the prior stroke history and recurrent stroke in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in our previous study, which indicated the close interaction of stroke and cardiovascular diseases. However, it is unclear whether prior stroke is still associated with worse prognosis at a longer follow-up period. Methods: A total of 10,724 coronary heart disease (CHD) patients who received PCI from January to December 2013 were prospectively enrolled and were subsequently divided into the prior stroke (n = 1,150) and non-prior stroke (n = 9,574) groups according to their history. Baseline characteristics and 5-year outcomes were recorded. Results: Patients with prior stroke had more clinical risk factors, as well as more extensive coronary artery lesions. Although in-hospital outcomes were similar between patients from the two groups, the 5-year follow-up result revealed that patients with prior stroke experienced higher incidence of stroke, major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs), all-cause death, and cardiac death (7.0 vs. 3.0%, p < 0.001; 25.9 vs. 20.3%, p < 0.001; 5.3 vs. 3.5%, p = 0.002; 3.1 vs. 2.1%, p = 0.032, respectively). After the propensity score matching, the 5-year stroke rate was still higher in the prior stroke group (6.8 vs. 3.4%, p = 0.001). The multivariable regression analysis also identified the prior stroke as a risk predictor of the 5-year stroke (HR = 2.011, 95% CI: 1.322-3.059, p = 0.001). Conclusions: Coronary heart disease patients with prior stroke who received PCI had a higher incidence of 5-year long-term adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, especially recurrent stroke. Prior stroke was a strong risk predictor of future stroke events.

2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672459

RESUMO

Objective: Insufcient exercise blood pressure response(blunted ABPR) and lower blood pressure during the recovery period (LBP)after exercise are common abnormalities in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The purpose of this study was to analyze the related factors of these two types of abnormal blood pressure response in HCM patients and their relationship with cardiopulmonary function. Methods: A total of 219 consecutive HCM patients who underwent CPET in Fuwai hospital were recruited from April 1, 2018 to Jan 31, 2020 with a complete clinical assessment, including electrocardiography, HOLTER, rest echocardiography and cardiac MRI. One hundred and eleven healthy age- and gender-matched volunteers enrolled as control group. Results: The incidences of blunted ABPR and LBP in HCM patients were much higher than normal control group (8.7% vs 1.8%, P=0.016; 6.8% vs 0.0%, P=0.003, respectively). In HCM group, patients with blunted ABPR combined more coronary artery disease (CAD) (P=0.029), pulmonary hypertension (PH) (P=0.002) and atrial fibrillation/flutter (P=0.036) compared with patients without blunted ABPR. Compared with HCM patients without LBP, the patients with LBP had higher rest left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient (P=0.017) and left ventricular ejection fraction (P=0.043), more incidence of LVOT obstructive (P=0.015) and systolic anterior motion (P=0.022). After Logistic regression analysis, CAD and PH were independent factor of blunted ABPR, while LBP was only independently associated with rest LVOT gradient. Blunted ABPR was associated with lower Peak VO2, peak heart rate and hear rate reserve, and higher NT-proBNP (P=0.019), VE/VO2 (P=0.000). LBP was not associated with any index of cardiopulmonary function. Conclusion: The incidences of blunted ABPR and LBP in HCM patients were much higher than normal control group. In HCM patients, CAD and PH were independent determinants of blunted ABPR, while LBP was only independently associated with rest LVOT gradient. Patients with blunted ABPR had lower cardiopulmonary function, but LBP was not associated cardiopulmonary function.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica , Teste de Esforço , Pressão Sanguínea , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
4.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 18(3): 168-174, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease (ULMCAD) is increasing strategy in coronary artery patients. However, there is a lack of knowledge on the impact of sex on outcomes of patients undergoing ULMCAD PCI. METHODS: From January 2004 to December 2015, there were 3,960 patients undergoing ULMCAD PCI at our institution, including 3,121 (78.8%) men and 839 (21.2%) women. The clinical outcome included the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), and revascularization), all-cause death, MI, revascularization at three years follow-up. RESULTS: Compared with men, women had not significantly different MACE (14.7% vs. 14.6%, P = 0.89, all-cause death (3.5% vs. 3.7%, P = 0.76), MI (5.0% vs. 4.3%, P = 0.38), revascularization (9.1% vs. 8.9%, P = 0.86), respectively. After adjustment, rates of MACE (HR = 1.49; 95% CI: 1.24-1.81;P < 0.0001) and all-cause death (HR = 1.65; 95% CI: 1.09-2.48; P = 0.017) occurred more frequently in male patients, as well as revascularization (HR = 1.46; 95% CI: 1.16-1.85;P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: In this analysis, compared to men, women undergoing ULMCAD PCI have better outcomes of MACE, all-cause death, and revascularization.

5.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 97 Suppl 2: 1009-1015, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study compared 10-year clinical outcomes between transradial access (TRA) and transfemoral access (TFA) for left main (LM) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: There are limited data regarding the long-term safety and efficacy of TRA for LM PCI. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated consecutive patients who underwent unprotected LM PCI between January 2004 and December 2008 at Fu Wai Hospital. The exclusion criteria were age of less than 18 years and presentation with acute myocardial infarction. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (MACCE), which was defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and any revascularization at the 10-year follow-up. RESULTS: Among 913 eligible patients, TRA was used for 417 patients (45.7%) and TFA was used for 496 patients (54.3%). The 30-day clinical outcomes were similar between the two groups. Results from the 10-year follow-up revealed that MACCE occurred in 180 patients (46.7%) from the TRA group and in 239 patients (51.2%) from the TFA group (log-rank p = .3). The TRA and TFA groups also had low and comparable cumulative rates of all-cause death (14.6% vs. 17.3%, log-rank p = .56) and cardiac death (7.9% vs. 9.1%, log-rank p = .7). CONCLUSION: The present study revealed no significant differences in long-term clinical outcomes when TRA or TFA were used for LM PCI.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Adolescente , Artéria Femoral , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Artéria Radial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
World J Emerg Med ; 12(1): 36-41, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33505548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aim to investigate effects of metabolic syndrome on onset age and long-term outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Patients with ACS (n=6,431) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention from January to December 2013 were enrolled. After excluding patients with previous coronary artery disease, 1,558 patients were diagnosed with early-onset ACS (men aged ≤50 years; women aged ≤60 years) and 3,044 patients with late-onset ACS. Baseline characteristics and five-year clinical outcomes were measured. RESULTS: Body mass index, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and uric acid concentrations were significantly higher, while the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration was lower in the early-onset ACS group (P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression revealed obesity (odds ratio [OR] 1.590, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.345-1.881), hypertriglyceridemia (OR 1.403, 95% CI 1.185-1.660), and low HDL-C (OR 1.464, 95% CI 1.231-1.742) as independent risk factors for early-onset ACS (all P<0.001). The five-year follow-up showed that the incidences of all cause death (1.5% vs. 3.8%, P<0.001), cardiac death (1.1% vs. 2.0%, P=0.023), and recurrent stroke (2.2% vs. 4.2%, P<0.001) were lower, while bleeding events were more frequent in the early-onset ACS group. A subgroup analysis showed higher incidences of recurrent myocardial infarction (MI) and revascularization in patients with early-onset ACS and metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, and lower HDL-C level are independent risk factors for early-onset ACS, recurrent MI, and revascularization. The control of metabolic syndrome may reduce the incidence of early-onset ACS and improve the long-term prognosis.

7.
Int J Cardiol ; 329: 260-265, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of fibrinolysis-first strategy on outcomes of patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) during the COVID-19 pandemic was unknown. METHODS: Data from STEMI patients presenting to Fuwai Hospital from January 23 to April 30, 2020 were compared with those during the equivalent period in 2019. The primary end-point was net adverse clinical events (NACE; a composite of death, non-fatal myocardial reinfarction, stroke, emergency revascularization, and bleeding over BARC type 3). The secondary outcome was a composite of recurrent ischaemia, cardiogenic shock, and exacerbated heart failure. RESULTS: The final analysis included 164 acute STEMI patients from 2020 and 240 from 2019. Eighteen patients (20.2% of those with indications) received fibrinolysis therapy in 2020 with a median door-to-needle time of 60.0 (43.5, 92.0) minutes. Patients in 2020 underwent primary PCI less frequently than their counterparts (14 [14.2%] vs. 144 [86.8%] in 2019, P < 0.001), and had a longer median door-to-balloon time (175 [121,213] minutes vs. 115 [83, 160] minutes in 2019, P = 0.009). Patients were more likely to undergo elective PCI (86 [52.4%] vs. 28 [11.6%] in 2019, P < 0.001). The in-hospital NACE was similar between 2020 and 2019 (14 [8.5%] vs. 25 [10.4%], P = 0.530), while more patients developed a secondary outcome in 2020 (20 [12.2%] vs. 12 [5.0%] in 2019, P = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: The fibrinolysis-first strategy during the COVID-19 pandemic was associated with a lower rate of timely coronary reperfusion and increased rates of recurrent ischaemia, cardiogenic shock, and exacerbated heart failure. However, the in-hospital NACE remained similar to that in 2019.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Pandemias , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Sistema de Registros , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(22): 2674-2681, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mechanism and characteristics of early and late drug-eluting stent in-stent restenosis (DES-ISR) have not been fully clarified. Whether there are different outcomes among those patients being irrespective of their repeated treatments remain a knowledge gap. METHODS: A total of 250 patients who underwent initial stent implantation in our hospital, and then were readmitted to receive treatment for the reason of recurrent significant DES-ISR in 2016 were involved. The patients were categorized as early ISR (<12 months; E-ISR; n = 32) and late ISR (≥12 months; L-ISR; n = 218). Associations between patient characteristics and clinical performance, as well as clinical outcomes after a repeated percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were evaluated. Primary composite endpoint of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) included cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), or target lesion revascularization (TLR). RESULTS: Most baseline characteristics are similar in both groups, except for the period of ISR, initial pre-procedure thrombolysis in myocardial infarction, and some serum biochemical indicators. The incidence of MACE (37.5% vs. 5.5%; P < 0.001) and TLR (37.5% vs. 5.0%; P < 0.001) is higher in the E-ISR group. After multivariate analysis, E-ISR (odds ratio [OR], 13.267; [95% CI 4.984-35.311]; P < 0.001) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (odds ratio [OR], 6.317; [95% CI 1.145-34.843]; P = 0.034) are the independent predictors for MACE among DES-ISR patients in the mid-term follow-up of 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: Early ISR and left ventricular systolic dysfunction are associated with MACE during the mid-term follow-up period for DES-ISR patients. The results may benefit the risk stratification and secondary prevention for DES-ISR patients in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Reestenose Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(19): 2295-2301, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary atherosclerotic plaque could go through rapid progression and induce adverse cardiac events. This study aimed to evaluate the impacts of smoking status on clinical outcomes of coronary non-target lesions. METHODS: Consecutive patients with coronary heart disease who underwent two serial coronary angiographies were included. All coronary non-target lesions were recorded at first coronary angiography and analyzed using quantitative coronary angiography at both procedures. Patients were grouped into non-smokers, quitters, and smokers according to their smoking status. Clinical outcomes including rapid lesion progression, lesion re-vascularization, and myocardial infarction were recorded at second coronary angiography. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to investigate the association between smoking status and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 1255 patients and 1670 lesions were included. Smokers were younger and more likely to be male compared with non-smokers. Increase in percent diameter stenosis was significantly lower (2.7 [0.6, 7.1] % vs. 3.5 [0.9, 8.9]%) and 3.4 [1.1, 7.7]%, P = 0.020) in quitters than those in smokers and non-smokers. Quitters tended to have a decreased incidence of rapid lesions progression (15.8% [76/482] vs. 21.6% [74/342] and 20.6% [89/431], P = 0.062), lesion re-vascularization (13.1% [63/482] vs. 15.5% [53/432] and 15.5% [67/431], P = 0.448), lesion-related myocardial infarction (0.8% [4/482] vs. 2.6% [9/342] and 1.4% [6/431], P = 0.110) and all-cause myocardial infarction (1.9% [9/482] vs. 4.1% [14/342] and 2.3% [10/431], P = 0.128) compared with smokers and non-smokers. In multivariable analysis, smoking status was not an independent predictor for rapid lesion progression, lesion re-vascularization, and lesion-related myocardial infarction except that a higher risk of all-cause myocardial infarction was observed in smokers than non-smokers (hazards ratio: 3.00, 95% confidence interval: 1.04-8.62, P = 0.042). CONCLUSION: Smoking cessation mitigates the increase in percent diameter stenosis of coronary non-target lesions, meanwhile, smokers are associated with increased risk for all-cause myocardial infarction compared with non-smokers.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Infarto do Miocárdio , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(4): 2975-2984, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32855663

RESUMO

The present study aimed to explore the clinical characteristics and management of retroperitoneal hematoma (RPH) after invasive intervention during a 12-year period in China. A retrospective review of patients with RPH after various invasive interventions was conducted at the China National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases. A total of 42 patients with a mean age of 63.1±2.5 years were continuously recruited in the study between January 2007 and September 2018. The incidence, manifestations and management of RPH were analyzed. A total of 20 patients had punctures in the femoral arterial access under the inguinal ligament and 5 patients had punctures above the inguinal ligament. The majority of RPH occurred within 24 h after intervention, while some occurred after postoperative 24 h. Pain was the most common symptom in patients with RPH. All patients who underwent intervention presented a reduction in hemoglobin (HB) concentration. The overall incidence of nosocomial infection was 38.1% and mortality was 7.1%. The findings demonstrated that RPH is a rare complication after invasive intervention of cardiovascular diseases with non-specific clinical manifestations. The reduction of HB concentration was a vital manifestation for RPH. Most RPH cases could be treated by conservative treatment and blood transfusion. A puncture in the femoral arterial access under the inguinal ligament may result in RPH.

11.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 33(6): 431-443, 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641206

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze factors associated with unplanned revascularization (UR) risk in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 10,640 cases with CAD who underwent PCI were analyzed. Multivariate COX regressions and competing risk regressions were applied. Results: The patients who underwent UR following PCI in 30 days, 1, and 2 years accounted for 0.3%, 6.5%, and 8.7%, respectively. After multivariate adjustment, the number of target lesions [hazard ratio ( HR) = 2.320; 95% confidence interval ( CI): 1.643-3.277; P < 0.001], time of procedure ( HR= 1.006; 95% CI: 1.001-1.010; P = 0.014), body mass index ( HR= 1.104; 95% CI: 1.006-1.210; P = 0.036), incomplete revascularization (ICR) ( HR= 2.476; 95% CI: 1.030-5.952; P = 0.043), and age ( HR = 1.037; 95% CI: 1.000-1.075; P = 0.048) were determined as independent risk factors of 30-day UR. Factors, including low-molecular-weight heparin or fondaparinux ( HR= 0.618; 95% CI: 0.531-0.719; P < 0.001), second-generation durable polymer drug-eluting stent ( HR = 0.713; 95% CI: 0.624-0.814; P < 0.001), left anterior descending artery involvement ( HR= 0.654; 95% CI: 0.530-0.807; P < 0.001), and age ( HR= 0.992; 95% CI: 0.985-0.998; P = 0.014), were independently associated with decreased two-year UR risk. While, Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery score ( HR= 1.024; 95% CI: 1.014-1.033; P < 0.001) and ICR ( HR= 1.549; 95% CI: 1.290-1.860; P < 0.001) were negatively associated with two-year UR risk. Conclusion: Specific factors were positively or negatively associated with short- and medium-long-term UR following PCI.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Revascularização Miocárdica/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 17(5): 246-255, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32547607

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the long-term antithrombotic management patterns (AMPs) and clinical outcomes of Chinese patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: This was an observational, multicenter, longitudinal cohort extension study of Chinese patients who had completed the EPICOR Asia 2-year follow-up study post-hospitalization for an ACS event. Changes in AMP and clinical outcomes for up to 5 years post-ACS event were evaluated. Results: Overall, 2334 patients with ACS were enrolled at 49 sites. The mean age was 61.6 years and 76.3% were men. By study end, 2093 patients completed the 3-year follow-up. At baseline (2 years post-ACS event), 72.4% of patents received one antiplatelet (AP) medication, with aspirin being the preferred one. A small proportion of patients (21.5%) was treated with two or more APs (2+ AP), and even fewer patients (6.1%) did not receive any AP medication at baseline. Upon study completion, the proportion of patients without AP therapy increased to 13.6%, while the percentage of patients on one AP and 2+ AP decreased to 69.3% and 17.1%, respectively. Numerically, a higher incidence of clinical events (composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke) was observed for the 2+ AP (13.2%) subgroup than for the no AP (10.5%) and one AP (8.6%) subgroups. Furthermore, the 2+ AP subgroup exhibited the greatest number of bleeding events, outpatient visits, and hospitalization rates. Unlike myocardial infarction or stroke, bleeding events prompted an adjustment in AMP. Conclusion: Most patients in China received at least one AP medication up to 5 years after an ACS event.

13.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(1): 1-8, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Chinese appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization was released in 2016 to improve the use of coronary revascularization. This study aimed to evaluate the association between the appropriateness of coronary revascularization based on the Chinese AUC and 1-year outcomes in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, multi-center cohort study of stable CAD patients with coronary lesion stenosis ≥50%. After the classification of appropriateness based on Chinese AUC, patients were categorized into the coronary revascularization group or the medical therapy group based on treatment received. The primary outcome was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, repeated revascularization, and ischemic symptoms with hospital admission. RESULTS: From August 2016 to August 2017, 6085 patients were consecutively enrolled. Coronary revascularization was associated with a lower adjusted hazard of 1-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs; hazard ratio [HR]: 0.62; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.45-0.86; P = 0.004) than medical therapy in patients with appropriate indications (n = 1617). No significant benefit in 1-year MACCEs was found after revascularization compared to after medical therapy in patients with uncertain indications (n = 2658, HR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.52-1.25; P = 0.338) and inappropriate indications (n = 1810, HR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.51-1.23; P = 0.308). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with appropriate indications according to Chinese AUC, coronary revascularization was associated with significantly lower risk of MACCEs at 1 year. No benefit was found in coronary revascularization in patients with inappropriate indications. Our findings provide evidence for using Chinese AUC to guide clinical decision-making. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02880605. https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Idoso , China , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Exp Physiol ; 105(3): 522-530, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808213

RESUMO

NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? The concentrations of ß1 -adrenergic receptor and M2 -muscarinic receptor autoantibodies in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients and the relationship between the cardiac autoantibodies and clinical manifestations of HCM have rarely been reported. What is the main finding and its importance? We found that the concentrations of the two autoantibodies in HCM patients were significantly higher than those in control subjects. Furthermore, we found that the concentrations of the two autoantibodies could reflect myocardial injury and diastolic dysfunction in HCM patients to some extent and might be involved in the occurrence of arrhythmia. These findings might be valuable in exploration of the mechanisms of occurrence and progression of HCM. ABSTRACT: Increasing attention is being given to the role of immunological mechanisms in the development of heart failure. The purpose of this study was to investigate the concentration of serum ß1 -adrenergic receptor autoantibody (ß1 -AAb) and M2 -muscarinic receptor autoantibody (M2 -AAb) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and the relationship between ß1 -AAb, M2 -AAb and clinical indices. One hundred and thirty-four patients with HCM were recruited consecutively into the HCM group. Forty healthy subjects were assigned as the normal controls (NCs). Serum samples were collected to measure the concentrations of ß1 -AAb and M2 -AAb by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The clinical data of HCM patients were collected. The serum concentrations of ß1 -AAb and M2 -AAb of HCM patients were significantly higher than those of NCs. In HCM patients, those with a left atrial diameter ≥50 mm or moderate-to-severe mitral regurgitation had significantly higher concentrations of the two autoantibodies. Patients with a history of syncope had higher concentrations of ß1 -AAb. Female patients and patients with a family history of sudden cardiac death or atrial fibrillation had higher concentrations of M2 -AAb. Maximal wall thickness, interventricular septum thickness and resting left ventricular outflow tract gradient were positively correlated with log ß1 -AAb or log M2 -AAb in HCM patients. In conclusion, the serum concentrations of ß1 -AAb and M2 -AAb of HCM patients were significantly higher than those of NCs. Being female, syncope, a family history of sudden death, atrial fibrillation, left atrial diameter ≥50 mm, moderate-to-severe mitral regurgitation, maximal wall thickness, interventricular septum thickness and resting left ventricular outflow tract gradient may affect the concentrations of the two autoantibodies.


Assuntos
Adrenérgicos/metabolismo , Autoanticorpos/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatias/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/metabolismo , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 1/metabolismo , Receptores Muscarínicos/metabolismo , Fibrilação Atrial/metabolismo , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Regen Med ; 14(12): 1077-1087, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829095

RESUMO

Aim: To determine the efficacy and safety of intracoronary infusion of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCINJ) in combination with intensive atorvastatin (ATV) treatment for patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction-elevation myocardial infarction. Patients & methods: The trial enrolls a total of 100 patients with anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The subjects are randomly assigned (1:1:1:1) to receive routine ATV (20 mg/d) with placebo or MSCsINJ and intensive ATV (80 mg/d) with placebo or MSCsINJ. The primary end point is the absolute change of left ventricular ejection fraction within 12 months. The secondary end points include parameters in cardiac function, remodeling and regeneration, quality of life, biomarkers and clinical outcomes. Results & conclusion: The trial will implicate the essential of cardiac micro-environment improvement ('fertilizing') for cell-based therapy. Clinical Trial Registration: NCT03047772.


Assuntos
Atorvastatina/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Doença Aguda , Terapia Combinada , Método Duplo-Cego , Seguimentos , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Prognóstico , Transplante Autólogo
16.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 16(10): 741-748, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700513

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate whether the very elderly patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) will benefit from an invasive strategy versus a conservative strategy. Methods: 190 consecutive patients aged 80 years or older with NSTEMI were included in the retrospective study from September 2014 to August 2017, of which 69 patients received conservative strategy and 121 patients received invasive strategy. The primary outcome was death. Multivariate Cox regression models were used to assess the statistical association between strategies and mortality. The survival probability was further analyzed. Results: The primary outcome occurred in 17.4% patients in the invasive group and in 42.0% patients in the conservative group (P = 0.0002). The readmission rate in the invasive group (14.9%) was higher than that in the conservative group (7.2%). Creatinine level (OR = 1.01, 95% CI: 0.10-1.03, P = 0.05) and use of diuretic (OR = 3.65, 95% CI: 1.56-8.53, P = 0.003) were independent influential factors for invasive strategy. HRs for multivariate Cox regression models were 3.45 (95% CI: 1.77-6.75, P = 0.0003), 3.02 (95% CI: 1.52-6.01, P = 0.0017), 2.93 (95% CI: 1. 46-5.86, P = 0.0024) and 2.47 (95% CI: 1.20-5.07, P = 0.0137). Compared with the patients received invasive strategy, the conservative group had remarkably reduced survival probability with time since treatment (P < 0.001). Conclusions: An invasive strategy is superior to a conservative strategy in reducing mortality of patients aged 80 years or older with NSTEMI. Our results suggest that an invasive strategy is more suitable for the very elderly patients with NSTEMI in China.

18.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(8): 914-921, 2019 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30958432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is currently unclear if fibrinogen is a risk factor for adverse events in patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or merely serves as a marker of pre-existing comorbidities and other causal factors. We therefore investigated the association between fibrinogen levels and 2-year all-cause mortality, and compared the additional predictive value of adding fibrinogen to a basic model including traditional risk factors in patients receiving contemporary PCI. METHODS: A total of 6293 patients undergoing PCI with measured baseline fibrinogen levels were enrolled from January to December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital. Patients were divided into three groups according to tertiles of baseline fibrinogen levels: low fibrinogen, <2.98 g/L; medium fibrinogen, 2.98 to 3.58 g/L; and high fibrinogen, ≥3.58 g/L. Independent predictors of 2-year clinical outcomes were determined by multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression modeling. The increased discriminative value of fibrinogen for predicting all-cause mortality was assessed using the C-statistic and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI). RESULTS: The 2-year all-cause mortality rate was 1.2%. It was significantly higher in the high fibrinogen compared with the low and medium fibrinogen groups according to Kaplan-Meier analyses (1.7% vs. 0.9% and 1.7% vs. 1.0%, respectively; log-rank, P = 0.022). Fibrinogen was significantly associated with all-cause mortality according to multivariate Cox regression (hazard ratio 1.339, 95% confidence interval: 1.109-1.763, P = 0.005), together with traditional risk factors including age, sex, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular ejection fraction, creatinine clearance, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The area under the curve for all-cause mortality in the basic model including traditional risk factors was 0.776, and this value increased to 0.787 when fibrinogen was added to the model (IDI = 0.003, Z = 0.140, P = 0.889). CONCLUSIONS: Fibrinogen is associated with 2-year all-cause mortality in patients receiving PCI, but provides no additional information over a model including traditional risk factors.


Assuntos
Fibrinogênio/análise , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Jejum/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco
19.
J Thorac Dis ; 11(12): 5258-5265, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030243

RESUMO

Background: This study aims to investigate the gender differences in treatment strategies among non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients ≥80 years old in China. Methods: A total of 190 consecutive NSTEMI patients ≥80 years old in Fuwai Hospital were included from 2014 to 2017. These patients were grouped by gender, and sub-grouped by conservative treatment or invasive treatment. The clinical characteristics, medical history, discharge drug used, and prognosis were collected and compared between these two treatment strategies. Results: There were significant differences between these two treatment strategies in terms of GRACE grade, history of myocardial infarction (MI), after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), III grade, renal dysfunction, anemia, and use of diuretic (P<0.05). In addition, the age, creatinine and Killip class of female patients, and the death and good prognosis of male patients were found to be significantly different between these two treatment strategies (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the death of males was significantly associated with treatment strategies in the multivariable logistic regression analysis (P<0.05). In addition, the Kaplan-Meier survival analyses revealed that the survival rates of invasive strategy were significantly higher, when compared to that of conservative strategy in males (P=0.001) and females (P=0.015). Conclusions: There were gender differences in treatment strategies among NSTEMI patients ≥80 years old. The difference in treatment strategies in males was more pronounced than in females, in terms of long-term survival rate.

20.
Cardiol J ; 26(2): 138-146, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30009376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a marker of platelet size and activity, and is associated with a poor prognosis of cardiovascular disease. Studies have shown a relationship between diabetes mellitus (DM) and MPV. This study examined the relationship between admission MPV and 2-year cardiac mortality in patients with DM and stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 1389 patients were enrolled and divided into two groups according to MPV as fol- lows: lower MPV (n = 908, MPV ≤ 10.9 fL) and higher MPV (n = 481, MPV > 10.9 fL). RESULTS: Body mass index, platelet distribution width, MPV/platelet and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels were significantly higher in the higher MPV group compared with the lower MPV group (all p < 0.05). The platelet count was significantly lower in the higher MPV group compared with the lower MPV group (p < 0.05). MPV was positively associated with HbA1c and fasting plasma glucose levels (r = 0.073 and 0.061, p = 0.007 and 0.023, respectively) in bivariate correlation analysis. The 2-year cardiac mortality rate was 0.7%, and was significantly lower in the lower MPV group than in the higher MPV group in Kaplan-Meier analysis (p = 0.019). Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed a good diagnostic value for MPV at predicting long-term cardiac mortality (area under the curve: 0.735, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.590-0.880, p = 0.01). Elevated MPV was a significant risk factor for 2-year cardiac mortality (hazard ratio: 2.091, 95% CI: 1.075-4.070, p = 0.030) in multivariable Cox regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Mean platelet volume is a strong, independent prognostic factor in PCI-treated patients with DM and SCAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , China/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Volume Plaquetário Médio/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...