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1.
Front Immunol ; 12: 614436, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790892

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) caused a global pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which elicits a wide variety of symptoms, ranging from mild to severe, with the potential to lead to death. Although used as the standard method to screen patients for SARS-CoV-2 infection, real-time PCR has challenges in dealing with asymptomatic patients and those with an undetectable viral load. Serological tests are therefore considered potent diagnostic tools to complement real-time PCR-based diagnosis and are used for surveillance of seroprevalence in populations. However, the dynamics of the antibody response against SARS-CoV-2 currently remain to be investigated. Here, through analysis of plasma samples from 84 patients with COVID-19, we observed that the response of virus-specific antibodies against three important antigens, RBD, N and S, dynamically changed over time and reached a peak 5-8 weeks after the onset of symptoms. The antibody responses were irrespective of sex. Severe cases were found to have higher levels of antibody response, larger numbers of inflammatory cells and C-reactive protein levels. Within the mild/moderate cases, pairwise comparison indicated moderate association between anti-RBD vs. anti-N, anti-RBD vs. anti-S1S2, and anti-N vs. anti-S1S2. Furthermore, the majority of cases could achieve IgM and IgG seroconversion at 2 weeks since the disease onset. Analysis of neutralizing antibodies indicated that these responses were able to last for more than 112 days but decline significantly after the peak. In summary, our findings demonstrate the longitudinally dynamic changes in antibody responses against SARS-CoV-2, which can contribute to the knowledge of humoral immune response after SARS-CoV-2 infection and are informative for future development of vaccine and antibody-based therapies.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , /imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Adulto , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Pequim , China , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfoproteínas/imunologia , Domínios Proteicos/imunologia , Soroconversão , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Centros de Atenção Terciária
2.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 97 Suppl 2: 996-1008, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650804

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association of less-certain indication of chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention (CTO-PCI) with subsequent clinical outcomes. BACKGROUND: The impact of patient symptoms, myocardial viability, and clinical and anatomic risk on long-term outcomes is underdetermined. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing CTO-PCI at a large-volume single center between 2010 and 2013 were included. Central adjudication was used to assess the appropriateness of three prespecified indications. The primary outcome was the 5-year composite endpoint of death or myocardial infarction (MI). RESULTS: Of 2,659 patients with 2,735 CTO lesions, the 348 (13.1%) asymptomatic patients, 164 (6.2%) patients without viable myocardium in the CTO territory, and 306 (11.5%) patients in whom the Synergy between PCI with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Score II favored coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) had higher 5-year death or MI compared with the rest patients in each category (12.0% vs. 8.6%, p = .04; 16.3% vs. 8.5%, p < .0001; 12.2% vs. 8.6%, p = .03), respectively. Multivariable regression analysis demonstrated that without symptom (hazard ratio: 1.51; 95% confidence interval: 1.06-2.15; p = .02), non-viable myocardium in CTO territory (hazard ratio: 1.77; 95% confidence interval: 1.16-2.72; p = .009), and deemed more favorable for CABG (hazard ratio:1.54; 95% confidence interval: 1.04-2.28; p = .03), but not the technical success (hazard ratio:0.85; 95% confidence interval: 0.62-1.18; p = .34), were independent predictors for the primary endpoint. CONCLUSIONS: In this large cohort of CTO-PCI, those who were asymptomatic, non-viable myocardium in the CTO territory, or deemed more favorable for CABG were associated with higher risk of long-term mortality or MI.

3.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 97 Suppl 2: 1016-1024, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33666337

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the procedure success rate and clinical outcomes of in-stent restenotic chronic total occlusion (ISR-CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported the short- and long-term clinical outcomes of ISR-CTO PCI. METHOD: Patients who underwent ISR-CTO (n = 212) or de-novo CTO (n = 2,447) PCI at Fuwai Hospital from 2010 to 2013 were enrolled. Thirty-day and 5-year clinical outcomes were analyzed. The primary outcome was the incidence of all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), and heart failure at follow-up. The secondary outcome was the recanalization result (reasonable, suboptimal, or failed recanalization). RESULTS: ISR-CTO PCI had a higher rate of suboptimal recanalization than de-novo CTO PCI (p < .01). The syntax score before PCI (odds ratio (OR): 1.06; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.02-1.10; p = .002) and occlusion length ≥ 20 mm (OR: 2.70:95% CI: 1.46-4.98; p = .001) were predictors of suboptimal recanalization in ISR-CTO PCI. Cardiac death (p = .03) and 30-day all-cause mortality (p = .05) were higher among patients who underwent ISR-CTO PCI. The ISR-CTO group had a higher rate of MI (p = .07) at 5 years. Suboptimal recanalization (hazard ratio: 2.56; 95% CI: 1.13-5.83; p = .025) was an independent predictor of long-term major adverse events in ISR-CTO. CONCLUSIONS: Suboptimal recanalization, 30-day cardiac death, and long-term MI rates are higher for ISR-CTO PCI than de-novo CTO PCI. Suboptimal recanalization is an independent predictor of long-term major adverse events after ISR-CTO PCI.

4.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 97 Suppl 2: 1009-1015, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study compared 10-year clinical outcomes between transradial access (TRA) and transfemoral access (TFA) for left main (LM) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: There are limited data regarding the long-term safety and efficacy of TRA for LM PCI. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated consecutive patients who underwent unprotected LM PCI between January 2004 and December 2008 at Fu Wai Hospital. The exclusion criteria were age of less than 18 years and presentation with acute myocardial infarction. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (MACCE), which was defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and any revascularization at the 10-year follow-up. RESULTS: Among 913 eligible patients, TRA was used for 417 patients (45.7%) and TFA was used for 496 patients (54.3%). The 30-day clinical outcomes were similar between the two groups. Results from the 10-year follow-up revealed that MACCE occurred in 180 patients (46.7%) from the TRA group and in 239 patients (51.2%) from the TFA group (log-rank p = .3). The TRA and TFA groups also had low and comparable cumulative rates of all-cause death (14.6% vs. 17.3%, log-rank p = .56) and cardiac death (7.9% vs. 9.1%, log-rank p = .7). CONCLUSION: The present study revealed no significant differences in long-term clinical outcomes when TRA or TFA were used for LM PCI.

5.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 156, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781230

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of isolated coronary artery ectasia (CAE) with the coronary slow flow (CSF) phenomenon is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors for isolated CAE complicated with CSF. METHODS: A total of 126 patients with isolated CAE were selected retrospectively. The patients were grouped into the no CSF (NCSF) group (n = 55) and the CSF group (n = 71) according to the corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) frame count (CTFC). Data on demographics, laboratory measurements, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDd), CTFC and diameters of three coronary arteries were collected. RESULTS: The proportions of males (84.5% vs. 61.8%, p = 0.004) and patients with a smoking history (63.4% vs. 43.6%, p = 0.021) were higher in the CSF group than in the NCSF group. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (2.08(1.68-3.21) vs. 1.89 ± 0.58, p = 0.001), mean diameter of coronary arteries (mean D) (5.50 ± 0.85 vs. 5.18 ± 0.91, p < 0.001), and uric acid (URIC) level (370.78 ± 109.79 vs. 329.15 ± 79.71, p = 0.019) were significantly higher in the CSF group, while the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) (4.81 ± 1.66 vs. 5.96 ± 1.75, p < 0.001) and albumin (ALB) level (44.13 ± 4.10 vs. 45.69 ± 4.11, p = 0.036) were lower. Multivariable logistic analysis showed that the LMR (odds ratio: 0.614, 95% CI: 0.464-0.814, p = 0.001), mean D (odds ratio: 2.643, 95% CI: 1.54-4.51, p < 0.001) and URIC level (odds ratio: 1.006, 95% CI: 1.001-1.012, p = 0.018) were independent predictors of CSF in CAE. CONCLUSIONS: The LMR was a negative independent predictor of CSF in isolated CAE, while URIC level and mean D were positive independent predictors.

6.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 97 Suppl 2: 1089-1096, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33760373

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the angiographic characteristics and clinical outcomes of chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) among patients with and without a history of myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of CTO and myocardial viability are different in cases with or without previous MI. However, the lesion characteristics and clinical outcomes are unclear for these two groups. METHODS: We reviewed consecutive patients who underwent single-vessel CTO PCI from 2010 to 2013. Patients were classified according to their history of MI. Acute procedural results were classified as optimal recanalization, suboptimal recanalization, or technical failure. The primary endpoint was the 5 year rate of cardiac death. RESULTS: We identified 2,191 eligible patients, including 859 patients (39.2%) with previous MI. The overall technical success rate was 74.4%. Relative to the non-MI group, the MI group had a larger reference vessel diameter (3.0 ± 0.5 vs. 2.9 ± 0.4 mm, p = .002), a lower proportion of Werner grade ≥ 1 collateral circulation (65.4 vs. 79.2%, p < .001), a higher proportion of optimal recanalization (63.1 vs. 58.6%, p = .006), and a higher 5-year rate of cardiac death (3.9 vs. 2.1%, p = .02). In the MI group, suboptimal recanalization was associated with a significantly higher 5-year rate of spontaneous MI, relative to optimal recanalization and technical failure (11.7 vs. 4.6 vs. 4.1%, p = .006). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with CTO and previous MI had a larger reference vessel diameter, lower level of collateral circulation, and higher proportion of optimal recanalization. However, suboptimal recanalization in these patients was associated with an increased risk of spontaneous MI.

7.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(3): 278-288, 2021 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541539

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the association of procedural outcomes with long-term mortality and myocardial infarction (MI) after chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: The association between acute procedural results and subsequent outcomes has received limited study. METHODS: Between January 2010 and December 2013, a total of 2,659 CTO PCI patients were consecutively enrolled. Procedural results were categorized into 3 groups: 1) optimal recanalization, with reperfusion of the occluded vessel and side branches (if any) with TIMI (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) flow grade 3; 2) suboptimal recanalization, meeting any of the following criteria: persistence of significant side branch occlusion, final TIMI flow grade 1 or 2, or residual percentage diameter stenosis >30%; and 3) procedural failure (i.e., failure to cross a lesion with a balloon angioplasty catheter). The primary outcome was the 5-year composite endpoint of cardiac death and MI. RESULTS: Overall, optimal recanalization was achieved in 1,562 patients (58.7%), suboptimal recanalization was achieved in 399 patients (15.0%), and recanalization failed in 698 patients (26.3%). The 5-year incidence of the primary outcome was significantly higher in the suboptimal recanalization group compared with the optimal recanalization and the failure groups (10.1% vs. 6.5% vs. 6.3%; p = 0.046), which was driven mainly by higher risk for MI. In subgroup analysis, significant side branch occlusion was associated with numerically higher risk for 5-year MI (hazard ratio: 1.55; 95% confidence interval: 0.99 to 2.43; p = 0.054). CONCLUSIONS: In this large cohort of CTO PCI patients, suboptimal recanalization was associated with significantly higher long-term incidence of cardiac death and MI compared with optimal recanalization or procedural failure.

8.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2021: 8829686, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33519307

RESUMO

Aims: This study sought to report the 10-year clinical outcomes of patients who underwent unprotected left main (LM) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a large centre. Methods and Results: A total of 913 consecutive patients who underwent unprotected LM PCI from January 2004 to December 2008 at Fu Wai Hospital were retrospectively analysed; the mean age was 60.0 ± 10.9 years, females accounted for 22% of patients, diabetes was present in 27.7% of patients, and an LM bifurcation lesion occurred in 82.9% of patients. During the median follow-up of 9.7 years, major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) occurred in 25.6% (234) of patients, and the rates of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke were 14.9%, 11.0%, and 7.1%, respectively. Cardiac death occurred in only 7.9% of patients. The estimated event rate was 41.9% for death/myocardial infarction/any revascularization and 45.9% for death/MI/stroke/any revascularization. Definite/probable stent thrombosis occurred in 4.3% (39) of patients. According to the subgroup analysis, IVUS-guided PCI was associated with less long-term MACCEs. Further multivariate analysis identified that age and LVEF<40% were the only independent predictors for 10-year death. Age, LVEF<40%, creatinine clearance, and incomplete revascularization were independent predictors for death/MI, while a two-stent strategy, diabetes, a transradial approach, and the use of bare metal stents (BMSs) or first-generation drug-eluting stents (DESs) were not. Conclusions: Unprotected LM PCI in a large cohort of consecutive patients in a single large centre demonstrated favourable long-term outcomes up to 10 years even with the use of BMSs and first-generation of DESs.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33539048

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to update the logistic clinical SYNTAX score to predict 2 year all-cause mortality after contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed 15,883 patients in the GLOBAL LEADERS study who underwent PCI. The logistic clinical SYNTAX model was updated after imputing missing values by refitting the original model (refitted original model) and fitting an extended new model (new model, with, selection based on the Akaike Information Criterion). External validation was performed in 10,100 patients having PCI at Fu Wai hospital. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, prior stroke, current smoker, hemoglobin level, and white blood cell count were identified as additional independent predictors of 2 year all-cause mortality and included into the new model. The c-indexes of the original, refitted original and the new model in the derivation cohort were 0.74 (95% CI 0.72-0.76), 0.75 (95% CI 0.73-0.77), and 0.78 (95% CI 0.76-0.80), respectively. The c-index of the new model was lower in the validation cohort than in the derivation cohort, but still showed improved discriminative ability of the newly developed model (0.72; 95% CI 0.67-0.77) compared to the refitted original model (0.69; 95% CI 0.64-0.74). The models overestimated the observed 2 year all-cause mortality of 1.11% in the Chinese external validation cohort by 0.54 percentage points, indicating the need for calibration of the model to the Chinese patient population. CONCLUSIONS: The new model of the logistic clinical SYNTAX score better predicts 2 year all-cause mortality after PCI than the original model. The new model could guide clinical decision making by risk stratifying patients undergoing PCI.

10.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 106(5): e2309-e2321, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420791

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Metabolic abnormalities have been associated with long-term cardiac mortality in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a risk factor for metabolic abnormalities in general populations, but association between OSA and metabolic abnormalities in HCM is still undefined. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between OSA and metabolic dysfunction in a large series of patients with HCM. METHODS: A total of 587 patients with HCM who underwent sleep evaluations at Fuwai Hospital were included. Data from clinical characteristics, polysomnography studies, and metabolic measurements were collected. RESULTS: OSA was present in 344 patients (58.6%). Patients with OSA were older, more often male, and had more clinical comorbidities. Body mass index, blood pressure, fasting glucose, and triglycerides all increased (all P < 0.001) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased (P = 0.046) with the severity of OSA. In multivariate analysis, moderate to severe OSA and Log (apnea-hypopnea index + 1) were independently associated with obesity (odds ratio [OR], 2.42; 95% CI, 1.48-3.95 and OR, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.31-1.95), elevated blood pressure (OR, 1.99; 95% CI, 1.42-3.26 and OR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.08-1.60), and elevated triglycerides (OR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.05-2.78 and OR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.02-1.51 but not elevated fasting glucose (OR, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.50-1.52 and OR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.82-1.28) or reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (OR, 1.30; 95% CI, 0.83-2.04 and OR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.89-1.27). CONCLUSIONS: Severity of OSA is independently associated with some profiles of metabolic abnormalities. Clinical trials are required to determine whether OSA treatment improves metabolic abnormalities and long-term outcomes in patients with HCM.

11.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 37(4): 1383-1393, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33392874

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia and potentially increase the risk of embolic stroke and aggravate progressive heart failure in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Recent studies demonstrated that epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) was closely associated with AF in general population. However, the relationship between EAT and AF in HCM patients remains unclear. A total of 93 consecutive patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) at Fuwai Hospital were enrolled in our study. There were 18 patients with AF and 75 patients without it. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging was performed in all participants. EAT volume (EATV) and left atrial volume (LAV) were determined by E-3D medical model software. HOCM patients with AF had significantly greater EATV index (EATVI, P < 0.001), LAV index (LAVI, P < 0.001) and left ventricular end-systole volume index (LVESVI, P = 0.039), and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, P = 0.002). In multivariable logistic regression analysis, EATVI, LAVI, and LVEF remained independent determinants of AF occurrence (OR = 1.023, 95% CI, 1.003-1.043, P = 0.023, OR = 1.043, 95% CI, 1.012-1.075, P = 0.006, and OR = 0.887, 95% CI, 0.818-0.962, P = 0.004, respectively). Furthermore, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis demonstrated that integration of EATVI, LAVI and LVEF provided better discriminatory performance for incident AF in HOCM patients with a high sensitivity of 94.4% and a specificity of 69.3% (AUC = 0.864, 95% CI, 0.771-0.958, P < 0.001). EATVI is an independent predictor of the presence of AF, and integration of EATVI, LVEF and LAVI determined by CMR provide greater discriminatory performance for identifying AF in HOCM patients.

12.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(1): e017752, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356379

RESUMO

Background Collagen cross-linking is covalent bonds among collagen fibers from catalysis of lysyl oxidase (LOX) and advanced glycation end products (AGEs). We aimed to evaluate the formation of enzymatic and nonenzymatic collagen cross-linking and its clinical significance in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Methods and Results Forty-four patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy who underwent surgical myectomy were consecutively enrolled. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance parameters of left atrial/left ventricular function were measured, including peak filling rate (PFR) and early peak emptying rate (PER-E). Total collagen was the sum of soluble and insoluble collagen, which were assessed by collagen assay. The myocardial LOX and AGEs expression were measured by molecular and biochemical methods. Compared with patients without atrial fibrillation, insoluble collagen (P=0.018), insoluble collagen fraction (P=0.017), and AGEs (P=0.039) were higher in patients with atrial fibrillation, whereas LOX expression was similar (P=0.494). The insoluble collagen fraction was correlated with PFR index (PFR normalized by left ventricular filling volume) (r=-0.44, P=0.005), left atrial diameters (r=0.36, P=0.021) and PER-E index (PER-E normalized by left ventricular filling volume) (r=-0.49, P=0.001).Myocardial LOX was positively correlated with total collagen (r=0.37, P=0.025) and insoluble collagen fraction (r=0.53, P < 0.001), but inversely correlated with PFR index (r=-0.43, P=0.006) and PER-E index (r=-0.35, P=0.027). In multiple regression analysis, myocardial LOX was independently associated with PFR, while insoluble collagen fraction showed independent correlation with PER-E after adjustment for clinical confounders. Conclusions Collagen cross-linking plays an important role on heart remodeling in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Myocardial LOX expression is independently correlated with left ventricular stiffness, while accumulation of AGEs cross-links might be associated with the occurrence of atrial fibrillation in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.

13.
Int J Cardiol ; 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of fibrinolysis-first strategy on outcomes of patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) during the COVID-19 pandemic was unknown. METHODS: Data from STEMI patients presenting to Fuwai Hospital from January 23 to April 30, 2020 were compared with those during the equivalent period in 2019. The primary end-point was net adverse clinical events (NACE; a composite of death, non-fatal myocardial reinfarction, stroke, emergency revascularization, and bleeding over BARC type 3). The secondary outcome was a composite of recurrent ischaemia, cardiogenic shock, and exacerbated heart failure. RESULTS: The final analysis included 164 acute STEMI patients from 2020 and 240 from 2019. Eighteen patients (20.2% of those with indications) received fibrinolysis therapy in 2020 with a median door-to-needle time of 60.0 (43.5, 92.0) minutes. Patients in 2020 underwent primary PCI less frequently than their counterparts (14 [14.2%] vs. 144 [86.8%] in 2019, P < 0.001), and had a longer median door-to-balloon time (175 [121,213] minutes vs. 115 [83, 160] minutes in 2019, P = 0.009). Patients were more likely to undergo elective PCI (86 [52.4%] vs. 28 [11.6%] in 2019, P < 0.001). The in-hospital NACE was similar between 2020 and 2019 (14 [8.5%] vs. 25 [10.4%], P = 0.530), while more patients developed a secondary outcome in 2020 (20 [12.2%] vs. 12 [5.0%] in 2019, P = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: The fibrinolysis-first strategy during the COVID-19 pandemic was associated with a lower rate of timely coronary reperfusion and increased rates of recurrent ischaemia, cardiogenic shock, and exacerbated heart failure. However, the in-hospital NACE remained similar to that in 2019.

14.
Rheumatol Ther ; 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230786

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Treatment strategies to improve clinical outcomes in Takayasu's arteritis (TA) with coronary lesions have ranged from pharmacological therapy to invasive procedures, such as coronary angioplasty, stenting, and surgery. However, the therapeutic strategy for this kind of patient is still unclear. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and influence of revascularization versus medical therapy in TA patients with coronary artery involvement. METHODS: We analyzed the medical records of 806 TA patients between January 2008 and December 2019. Clinical features and treatment were analyzed, and patients were categorized into medical treatment and revascularization. Additionally, patients were sorted as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) based on the strategy of revascularization. RESULTS: Ninety cases with coronary lesions induced by TA were enrolled. Among 90 cases, 39 patients adopted conservative treatment, and 51 patients received revascularization (28 subjects with PCI, 23 participants with CABG). The median follow-up time was 63 (45-91) months. There is no significant difference in cardiovascular death between medical treatment and revascularization (2/39, 5.1% vs. 5/51, 9.8%, P = 0.971). The analysis of subgroup indicated that the mortality caused by cardiovascular disease was also similar in the CABG and PCI (2/28, 7.1% vs. 3/23, 13.0%, P = 0.772). However, the proportion of restenosis is much higher in the PCI compared with that of CABG (39.3%, 8.7%, P = 0.022, respectively). Heart failure is an independent predictor of death in these patients. CONCLUSIONS: There is no significant difference in cardiovascular death between medical treatment and revascularization. The analysis of the subgroup indicated that the mortality caused by cardiovascular disease was also similar in the CABG and PCI, but the restenosis is much higher in the PCI compared with that of CABG. Heart failure is an independent predictor of death in these patients.

15.
Int J Cardiol ; 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186669

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe long-term antithrombotic management patterns (AMPs) in medically managed Asian patients with non-ST-segment myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) or unstable angina (UA). BACKGROUND: Current guidelines support an early invasive strategy in NSTEMI and UA patients, but many are medically managed, and data are limited on long-term AMPs in Asia. METHODS: Data were analyzed from medically managed NSTEMI and UA patients included in the prospective, observational EPICOR Asia study (NCT01361386). Survivors to hospital discharge were enrolled (June 2011 to May 2012) from 8 countries/regions across Asia. Baseline characteristics and AMP use up to 2 years post-discharge were collected. Outcomes were major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE: myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and death) and bleeding. RESULTS: Among 2289 medically managed patients, dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) use at discharge was greater in NSTEMI than in UA patients (81.8% vs 65.3%), and was significantly associated with male sex, positive cardiac markers, and prior cardiovascular medications (p < 0.0001). By 2 years, 57.9% and 42.6% of NSTEMI and UA patients, respectively, were on DAPT. On multivariable Cox regression analysis, risk of MACE at 2 years was most significantly associated with older age (HR [95% CI] 1.85 [1.36, 2.50]), diagnosis of NSTEMI vs UA (1.96 [1.47, 2.61]), and chronic renal failure (2.14 [1.34, 3.41]), all p ≤ 0.001. Risk of bleeding was most significantly associated with region (East Asia vs Southeast/South Asia) and diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately half of all patients were on DAPT at 2 years. MACE were more frequent in NSTEMI than UA patients during follow-up.

16.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(22): 2674-2681, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mechanism and characteristics of early and late drug-eluting stent in-stent restenosis (DES-ISR) have not been fully clarified. Whether there are different outcomes among those patients being irrespective of their repeated treatments remain a knowledge gap. METHODS: A total of 250 patients who underwent initial stent implantation in our hospital, and then were readmitted to receive treatment for the reason of recurrent significant DES-ISR in 2016 were involved. The patients were categorized as early ISR (<12 months; E-ISR; n = 32) and late ISR (≥12 months; L-ISR; n = 218). Associations between patient characteristics and clinical performance, as well as clinical outcomes after a repeated percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were evaluated. Primary composite endpoint of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) included cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), or target lesion revascularization (TLR). RESULTS: Most baseline characteristics are similar in both groups, except for the period of ISR, initial pre-procedure thrombolysis in myocardial infarction, and some serum biochemical indicators. The incidence of MACE (37.5% vs. 5.5%; P < 0.001) and TLR (37.5% vs. 5.0%; P < 0.001) is higher in the E-ISR group. After multivariate analysis, E-ISR (odds ratio [OR], 13.267; [95% CI 4.984-35.311]; P < 0.001) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (odds ratio [OR], 6.317; [95% CI 1.145-34.843]; P = 0.034) are the independent predictors for MACE among DES-ISR patients in the mid-term follow-up of 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: Early ISR and left ventricular systolic dysfunction are associated with MACE during the mid-term follow-up period for DES-ISR patients. The results may benefit the risk stratification and secondary prevention for DES-ISR patients in clinical practice.

17.
Curr Probl Cardiol ; : 100693, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032817

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic poses great challenge on public health globally. To clarify the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on in-hospital management and outcomes for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients in the nonepicenter. We enrolled consecutive STEMI patients who visited Fuwai Hospital from January to March, 2020 (N = 73) and also established a historical control including all consecutive STEMI patients in the same period of 2019 (N = 95). The primary outcome was defined as a composite endpoint of all-cause death, heart failure, cardiac shock, and cardiac arrest during hospitalization. Emergency response for COVID-19 resulted in a significant 77.6% reduction in the number of primary percutaneous coronary intervention, and a trend toward higher rate of primary composite endpoint (15.1% vs 11.6%, P = 0.51). COVID-19 pandemic results in a significant reduction in emergent reperfusion therapy, and a trend toward higher in-hospital adverse events risk.

18.
Curr Med Res Opin ; 36(11): 1739-1745, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945695

RESUMO

AIMS: The efficacy and safety of ticagrelor and clopidogrel in East Asian patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains uncertain. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor and clopidogrel in East Asian patients with CAD treated with PCI. METHODS: A total of 12383 patients with CAD undergoing PCI who received dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) were consecutively enrolled in the ticagrelor group (n = 1321) and the clopidogrel group (n = 11062). Major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) bleeding events were compared according to ticagrelor or clopidogrel use were compared. RESULTS: After propensity matching (n = 1321 in each group), ticagrelor was associated with lower incidence of MACCEs compared with clopidogrel (3.9 vs. 5.9%, hazard ratio [HR] = 0.65, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.45-0.92, p = .015). The incidence of TIMI bleeding events was higher in the ticagrelor group than in the clopidogrel group (4.5 vs. 2.9%, HR = 1.90, 95% CI 1.25-2.88, p = .024). The difference between ticagrelor and clopidogrel for net adverse clinical events was nonsignificant (4.3 vs. 4.9%, HR = 0.88, 95% CI 0.61-1.27, p = .458). CONCLUSIONS: Ticagrelor was associated with a lower incidence of MACCEs and an increased risk of TIMI bleeding events in East Asian patients with CAD receiving PCI.

19.
World Allergy Organ J ; 13(9): 100459, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32952847

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and impact of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) implantation on the prognosis of patients with anaphylactic shock (AS) during cardiac catheterization. Methods: We analyzed the medical records of 34 patients who had AS caused by iodine contrast media (ICM) between January 2009 and December 2019. Clinical features and treatments were analyzed, and patients were categorized into survival and dead groups. In addition, the patients were further divided into IABP and non-IABP (NIABP) groups to assess the impact on AS according to whether a IABP was used or not. Results: Of the 417,938 patients in whom ICM was used, 34 with AS were monitored. The prevalence of AS was 0.008%. Among the 34 patients, 6 (0.001%) died from fatal anaphylactic reactions accompanying shock, 26 (76.5%) had hypotension as the first presentation of AS in the survival and dead groups (78.6% and 66.7%, respectively), and 5 (14.7%) had unconsciousness at the initial onset of AS. The subgroup analysis revealed a higher mortality in the IABP group than in the NIABP (4/9, 44.4% vs. 2/25, 8%; P = 0.031). Conclusions: The present study suggests a low prevalence of ICM-related AS. Hypotension was more frequent in AS related to ICM, and unconsciousness at the initial onset of AS implied a poor prognosis. The use of an IABP did not improve the outcome of the patients with AS. IABP implantation should not be used as a routine treatment for patients with AS.

20.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908113

RESUMO

AIM: The efficacy and safety of ticagrelor and clopidogrel in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remain uncertain. Thus, this study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor and clopidogrel in patients with SCAD treated with PCI. METHODS: A total of 9,379 patients with SCAD undergoing PCI who received dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) were consecutively enrolled in two groups, namely, ticagrelor (n=1,081) and clopidogrel (n=8,298) groups. Major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) and bleeding events according to ticagrelor or clopidogrel use were compared. RESULTS: After propensity matching (n=1,081 in each group), ticagrelor was associated with fewer MACCEs compared with clopidogrel (3.6% vs. 5.7%, hazard ratio [HR]=0.62, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.41-0.93, p=0.019), and the difference between ticagrelor and clopidogrel for bleeding events was nonsignificant (1.7% vs. 1.2%, HR=1.39, 95% CI 0.68-2.85, p=0.366). On the other hand, the difference between ticagrelor and clopidogrel for net adverse clinical events was significant (4.1% vs. 6.0%, HR=0.67, 95% CI 0.46-0.98, p=0.039). In a multivariate analysis, the use of ticagrelor, number of stents, previous history of diabetes, previous history of smoking, and ACC/AHA type B2 or C lesions were considered independent predictors of MACCEs, while radial artery access, previous history of stroke, and weight <60kg were independent predictors of bleeding events. CONCLUSIONS: Ticagrelor was associated with a lower incidence of MACCEs without an increased risk of bleeding events in patients with SCAD receiving PCI.

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