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Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(11): 3833-3841, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300734


Quantitative assessment of hydrological connectivity is a hot but difficult issue in current research. Using the 30-m resolution global monthly surface water remote sensing dataset released by the EU Joint Research Center and three indicators of geostatistical connectivity, maximum distance of connection (MDC), and surface water extent of connectome (i.e., seasonally connected water bodies), we quantified the hydrological connectivity of surface water in Momoge National Nature Reserve in different months of a normal year (May to October 2016), and in September of different hydrological years (a wet year, namely 1998; a normal year, namely 2016; a drought year, namely 2002), and different directions (west-east and north-south). Our results showed that: 1) the geostatistical connectivity function (GCF) along the west-east direction was better than that along the north-south direction. The GCF in August and July was better than that in other months. The GCF along the west-east direction of each hydrological year was better than that in the drought year, whereas the GCF in the drought year was better than the corresponding value in the normal year. The GCF along the north-south direction in each hydrological year was better than that in the normal year, whereas the GCF in the normal year was better than that in the drought year. The MDC along the west-east direction in June, July, September, and October of the normal year was all concentrated at 25.26 km. MDC was more concentrated along the north-south direction, with 10 km for all months. The MDC in the normal and drought years was relatively close, but both were much smaller than that in the wet year. 2) frequent seasonal connections between the Yuelianghu Reservoir and the Nenjiang River, and between Etoupao and its neighboring lakes occurred in the study area during the normal year, while most of the other lakes remained isolated. The patterns of hydrological connection in the study area differed across different hydrological years: two giant connectomes were formed in the wet year, some lakes are periodically connected in the normal year, and all lakes remain isolated in the drought year. 3) As a drainage area for farmland receding water, the surface water extent of the Etoupao connectome increased visibly during the three water supplement seasons (spring, summer, and autumn). By quantifying the surface hydrological connectivity in Momoge National Nature Reserve with multiple water sources from different perspectives, our results provide a scientific basis for wetland protection and restoration and integrated management of watershed water resources.