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1.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 46(5): 1158-1168, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107091

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to explore the long-term impact of pericardiectomy on left atrial (LA) functions in patients with constrictive pericarditis (CP) using speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) and to correlate post-operative LA functions with clinical status. Echocardiographic examinations were undertaken in 29 patients with CP 1 wk before and 1, 6 and 12 mo after pericardiectomy. STE was performed to obtain LA global longitudinal strain, including strain during the conduit phase (LAScd), strain during the contraction phase (LASct) the sum of the latter and strain during the reservoir phase (LASr). Control patients consisted of 29 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. LASct, LAScd and LASr obtained 6 mo after pericardiectomy improved significantly compared with pre-operative values, but were still lower than the values for control patients. Further increases were observed gradually with normalization of LASct 12 mo after pericardiectomy. However, there were still significant differences between LAScd and LASr obtained in control patients and those obtained 12 mo after pericardiectomy. Moreover, the improvements in LAScd, LASct and LASr 12 mo after pericardiectomy correlated well with symptomatic clinical alleviation (p < 0.01). These results indicate that LA strains analyzed with STE might be useful in evaluating the long-term impact of pericardiectomy on LA functions.

2.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 44(1): 131-137, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939894

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) findings of surgically confirmed adhesive internal hernias (IHs). METHODS: Two gastrointestinal radiologists performed blinded, independent, and retrospective reviews of MDCT findings from a consecutive cohort of 35 adhesive IH and 41 adhesive small-bowel obstruction cases that had undergone surgery within 48 hours after MDCT. Univariate statistical analyses were performed to assess CT signs of adhesive IHs and CT findings of intestinal necrosis in patients presenting with adhesive IHs. RESULTS: Dislocated cluster of the intestine (P = 0.005), 2 transitional zones (P = 0.002), and presence of fat in the center sign (P = 0.001) were key CT outcomes that were significantly associated with adhesive IHs. Additionally, intramural hemorrhage was found the MDCT feature indicative of intestinal necrosis (P = 0.028). CONCLUSIONS: This study illustrates specific MDCT findings of IHs, and these observations may help guide early clinical management of the condition.


Assuntos
Hérnia Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Obstrução Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Intestinos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Omento/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
3.
J ECT ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is now an established, safe, and effective treatment for adults with depression. However, specific research in rTMS for use in elderly patients with acute depression is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of add-on rTMS in a clinical sample of older adults experiencing an acute phase of depression. METHOD: This study examined 114 patients (54 elderly [aged ≥60] and 60 adults [aged 18-59]) with acute depression who were drug free at baseline. They were treated with at least 10 sessions of rTMS for 4 weeks along with 1 antidepressant. Symptoms of depression were measured using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression at baseline and after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment. Clinical improvement and rates of response and remission were compared across groups. RESULTS: Significant improvement was noted after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment in both adult and elderly groups. Higher remission rates were found in adult patients but with no differences in response. The stimulation intensity and course of illness were significant predictors of remission after 4 weeks of rTMS treatment in the elderly. CONCLUSIONS: The add-on rTMS treatment for elderly depression patients is promising with respect to safety and feasibility. This preliminary evidence supports the application of rTMS to this group during acute episodes.

4.
PLoS Genet ; 15(12): e1007979, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860654

RESUMO

Simulations of close relatives and identical by descent (IBD) segments are common in genetic studies, yet most past efforts have utilized sex averaged genetic maps and ignored crossover interference, thus omitting features known to affect the breakpoints of IBD segments. We developed Ped-sim, a method for simulating relatives that can utilize either sex-specific or sex averaged genetic maps and also either a model of crossover interference or the traditional Poisson model for inter-crossover distances. To characterize the impact of previously ignored mechanisms, we simulated data for all four combinations of these factors. We found that modeling crossover interference decreases the standard deviation of pairwise IBD proportions by 10.4% on average in full siblings through second cousins. By contrast, sex-specific maps increase this standard deviation by 4.2% on average, and also impact the number of segments relatives share. Most notably, using sex-specific maps, the number of segments half-siblings share is bimodal; and when combined with interference modeling, the probability that sixth cousins have non-zero IBD sharing ranges from 9.0 to 13.1%, depending on the sexes of the individuals through which they are related. We present new analytical results for the distributions of IBD segments under these models and show they match results from simulations. Finally, we compared IBD sharing rates between simulated and real relatives and find that the combination of sex-specific maps and interference modeling most accurately captures IBD rates in real data. Ped-sim is open source and available from https://github.com/williamslab/ped-sim.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Cromossômico/métodos , Simulação por Computador , Caracteres Sexuais , Feminino , Variação Genética , Genética Populacional , Genoma Humano , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Genéticos , Linhagem , Distribuição de Poisson
5.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 94: 346-354, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499205

RESUMO

Nk-lysin is an effector protein of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer cells. It is known to possess anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-viral, and anti-tumor activity. Here we describe five Nk-lysin genes (PbNkla, PbNklb, PbNklc, PbNkld, and PbNkle) from Pseudocrossocheilus bamaensis, a rare indigenous species distributed in Guangxi, China. The open reading frames (ORFs) consisted of 426 (PbNkla), 435 (PbNklb), 369 (PbNklc), 366 (PbNkld), and 339 (PbNkle) bp nucleic acids. The surfactant-associated protein B (SapB) domain and six conserved cysteine residues were identified in each PbNkl gene. Phylogenetic analysis revealed similar results to homology comparison that PbNkla and PbNklb consist of five exons and four introns and grouped together, whereas PbNklc and PbNkld each contain four exons and three introns and formed a separate clade. PbNkle had three exons and two introns and formed an independent clade separate from the four other PbNkls. qPCR analysis demonstrated that PbNkla, PbNklc, PbNkld, and PbNkle were ubiquitously expressed in all tissues examined, whereas PbNklb was expressed only after bacterial infection. Aeromonas hydrophila challenge significantly up- and down-regulated PbNkls at different time points post-injection and in different immune-related tissues. These results suggested that PbNkls were conserved immune molecules that may be involved in the immune response to pathogen invasion.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae/genética , Cyprinidae/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Proteolipídeos/genética , Proteolipídeos/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Filogenia , Proteolipídeos/química , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária
6.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 40(12): 1611-1620, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31388088

RESUMO

Atypical antipsychotics exert remarkable long-term efficacy on the personal and social functions of schizophrenic patients. However, quantitative information on the social function of schizophrenic patients treated with atypical antipsychotics is scarce in the current clinical guidelines. In this study, we established pharmacodynamic models to quantify the time-efficacy relationship of three antipsychotic drugs based on the data from a real-world study conducted in China. A total of 373 schizophrenic patients who received antipsychotic monotherapy with olanzapine (n = 144), risperidone (n = 160), or aripiprazole (n = 69) were selected from a three-year prospective, multicenter study. The follow-up times were 13, 26, 52, 78, 104, 130, and 156 weeks after baseline. A time-efficacy model was developed with nonlinear mixed effect method based on changes in Personal and Social Performance (PSP) score compared with the baseline level. Crucial pharmacodynamic parameters, including maximum efficacy and drug onset time, were used to distinguish the efficacy of the three drugs. We quantified the time course of PSP improvement in patients after treatment with these three antipsychotics: olanzapine, risperidone, and aripiprazole reached an Emax value of 80.3%, 68.2%, and 23.9% at weeks 56.7, 29.2, and 36.8, respectively. General psychotic symptoms, onset frequency, and illness course were identified as significant factors affecting the efficacy of these drugs. The newly constructed models provide an evidence of the benefit of long-term maintenance therapy with atypical antipsychotics in individualized schizophrenia treatment in China.

7.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(7): 469-75, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368275

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on renal Fas and Fas ligand (FasL) expression in contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) diabetic rats, so as to explore its protective mechanisms. METHODS: A total of 40 diabetic male SD rats were randomly divided into control, model, acupuncture, moxibustion and combined treatment (acupuncture combined with moxibustion) groups (n=8 rats in each group). The diabetic model was established by i.p. injection of Streptozotocin (60 mg/kg), followed by regular raising for 9 weeks. Then, the manual acupuncture, moxibustion or acupuncture plus moxibustion at "Sanyinjiao"(SP6) "Shenshu"(BL23) and "Pishu"(BL20) was given to the diabetic rats, once daily for 7 days. On the 8th day, these diabetic rats received i.p. injection of compound Meglumine Diatrizoate Injection (10 mL/kg) for establishing CIN model. Then, the venous blood specimens were collected for detecting contents of serum urine nitrogen (BUN, with urease method) and creatinine (Scr, with picric acid method). The kindey tissues were exteriorized for detecting nitricoxide synthase (NOS, with oxidation-reduction method), malondialdehyde (MDA, with thiobarbituric acid method), superoxide dismutase (SOD, with xanthine oxidase technique) and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC, with colorimetric technique). The expression levels of Fas and FasL in the kidney tissues were detected by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot separately. The histopathological and ultrastructural changes of the kidney were observed under microscope (after H.E. staining) and transmission electron microscope, respectively. RESULTS: Following modeling and compared with the control group, the BUN, Scr and renal MDA contents, and Fas and FasL mRNA and protein expression levels were significantly increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), and renal NOS, SOD and T-AOC levels considerably decreased in the model group (P<0.05). After the interventions and compared with the model group, serum BUN and Scr contents and renal Fas mRNA and protein expression levels in both acupuncture group and combined treatment group, BUN in the moxibustion group, and renal MDA content and FasL mRNA and protein expression levels in the 3 treatment groups were obviously down-regulated (P<0.05,P<0.01), while renal NOS in the 3 treatment groups, and SOD and T-AOC levels in the combined treatment group were considerably up-regulated (P<0.01,P<0.05). The effects of the combined treatment were significantly superior to those of simple acupuncure and simple moxibustion in down-regulating serum BUN contents, and Fas and FasL mRNA and protein expression levels, and in up-regulating renal NOS, SOD and T-AOC activity (P<0.05). No significant differences were found between the acupuncture and moxibustion groups in down-regulating serum BUN, Scr and renal MDA contents, and Fas and FasL mRNA and protein levels, as well as in up-regulating NOS content (P>0.05). H.E. staining showed lobular changes of glomeruli, many local necrosis and vascular degeneration in the model group, and transmission electron microscope displayed thickened basement membrane of the glomerular blood loop, many vacuoles in the cytoplasm of renal tubular epithelial cells, severely swollen mitochondria with disordered, broken or disappeared cristae, and some apoptotic cells in the model group, which were relatively milder in the combined treatment group. CONCLUSION: Joint application of acupuncture and moxibustion can reduce the oxidative stress and renal injury in CIN diabetic rats, which may be associated with its function in down-regulating the expression of renal Fas and FasL genes and proteins. Acupuncture and moxibustion has a synergistic effect.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Moxibustão , Animais , Proteína Ligante Fas , Rim , Masculino , RNA Mensageiro , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
8.
Cytotherapy ; 21(10): 1064-1080, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although promising results have recently been reported using dendritic cells (DCs) and cytokine-induced killer cells (CIKs) to treat pancreatic cancer (PC), its clinical effect and safety are associated with some controversy, and lack sufficient evidence. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis of 21 clinical trials to better evaluate the efficacy of DC-CIK immunotherapy in clinical practice to treat PC. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform (WANFANG Data) were searched to identify clinical trials that used DC-CIK immunotherapy for PC. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 and Stata 12.0. RESULTS: A total of 21 clinical trials involving 1549 patients were included. Compared with traditional treatment, DC-CIK immunotherapy improved and increased the clinical indices such as complete remission, partial remission, overall response rate, disease control rate, overall survival (0.5-y OS, 1-y OS, 1.5-y OS, 2-y OS and 3-y OS), interferon γ and CD3+, CD4+, CD4+/CD8+ and CD3+CD56+ lymphocyte. Additionally, DC-CIK immunotherapy reduced stable disease, progression disease, mortality, CD8+, CD4+CD25+CD127 low lymphocyte and interleukin-4. Furthermore, it showed a low incidence of adverse reactions (22%). CONCLUSION: In contrast to traditional therapy, DC-CIK immunotherapy not only shows improved short-term effect, long-term effect and immunologic function, but also reduces mortality and negative immunoregulatory index, and shows mild adverse reactions. This is the first study to evaluate the clinical effect and safety of DC-CIK immunotherapy for PC, and it indicated that DC-CIK immunotherapy may be suitable for patients with advanced PC or intolerance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

9.
Nucl Med Commun ; 40(9): 927-932, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31343607

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Extensive skeletal muscle accumulation (ESMA) of F-FDG adversely affects the visual interpretation of F-FDG PET/computed tomography (CT) images. We mainly investigated factors related to ESMA that are based on food compositions. METHODS: From January 2018 to June 2018, a total of 5554 patients underwent F-FDG PET/CT imaging with at least a 4-hour fast. Among them, 49 patients who exhibiting ESMA and 50 sex-matched and age-matched patients without ESMA were included in the study. The following factors were analysed: BMI, plasma glucose, gastric residue, the total energy of food the patient had before F-FDG injection and the percentages of the food ingredients. Multivariate analysis was performed to evaluate related risk factors between two groups. RESULTS: In brief, 49 cases and 50 controls were identified. The BMI, gross energy, gross energy of protein, gross energy of carbohydrate and proportion of protein of case group were not significantly different from that of the controls (P ≥ 0.05). The plasma glucose was significantly higher in the case group than in the control group (P = 0.002). The positivity of gastric food residue would more easily demonstrate ESMA than those without gastric food residue (P < 0.0001). The fasting time before scan, gross energy of fat, proportion of fat and proportion of carbohydrate in case group were significantly different with control group. After multivariate analysis, fasting time, gastric food residue and proportion of carbohydrate were investigated as independent risk factors. CONCLUSION: To avoid ESMA, patients should take a lower proportion of carbohydrate before receiving an F-FDG administration.


Assuntos
Carboidratos da Dieta/farmacologia , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Transporte Biológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada
10.
Biol Proced Online ; 21: 11, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31205452

RESUMO

Objective: Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) is a novel mechanism of tumor blood supply distinct from endothelial vessel (EV). VM is associated with malignancy, invasion, metastasis, and poor prognosis. Hitherto a noninvasive method for the assessment of VM in vivo has been lacking. Methods: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) was performed to evaluate the quantitative parameters of tumors in mice. CD31 immunohistochemistry-Periodic Acid-Schiff double staining was conducted to identify the VM or EV in tumor tissues. Correlations between perfusion parameters and VM density was analyzed by Pearson correlation test. Results: By the 15th day after tumor inoculation, the EV and VM density was 31.15 ± 7.14 and 14.11 ± 2.99 per 200× field. The maximal intensity (IMAX) was 301.19 ± 191.56%, and the rise time (RT), time to peak (TTP) and mean transit time (mTT) were 17.38 ± 7.82 s, 20.27 ± 9.61 s and 58.09 ± 26.44 s, respectively. VM density positively correlated to RT (r = 0.3598, P = 0.0226), TTP (r = 0.3733, P = 0.0177) and mTT(r = 0.6483, P <  0.0001), whereas EV density positively correlated to IMAX (r = 0.4519, P = 0.0034). The vascular diameter of VM was substantially larger than that of EV (43.81 ± 5.88 µm vs 11.21 ± 4.13 µm). Conclusion: Three quantitative parameters related to VM were obtained and the relationships between CEUS and VM were established. CEUS might thus provide a novel noninvasive method to assess VM in vivo.

11.
Clin Genet ; 96(3): 199-206, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038196

RESUMO

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a highly heterogeneous genetic disorder with strong evidence of ASD-association currently available only for a small number of genes. This makes it challenging to identify the underlying genetic cause in many cases of ASD, and there is a continuing need for further discovery efforts. We sequenced whole genomes of 119 deeply phenotyped ASD probands in order to identify likely pathogenic variants. We prioritized variants found in each subject by predicted damage, population frequency, literature evidence, and phenotype concordance. We used Sanger sequencing to determine the inheritance status of high-priority variants where possible. We report five novel de novo damaging variants as well as several likely damaging variants of unknown inheritance; these include two novel de novo variants in the well-established ASD gene SCN2A. The availability of rich phenotypic information and its concordance with the literature allowed us to increase our confidence in pathogenicity of discovered variants, especially in probands without parental DNA. Our results contribute to the documentation of potential pathogenic variants and their associated phenotypes in individuals with ASD.

12.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(44): 6229-6232, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31086887

RESUMO

The first example of palladium-catalyzed chelation-assisted C-H olefination of 2-amino biaryls using readily available vinylsilanes as unactivated olefinating reagents has been developed, affording valuable arylated vinylsilane compounds in moderate to excellent yields and with exclusive (E)-selectivities.

13.
Nat Immunol ; 20(6): 711-723, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31061530

RESUMO

Resting CD4+ T cells are highly resistant to the production of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). However, the mechanism by which resting CD4+ T cells restrict such production in the late viral replication phase of infection has remained unclear. In this study, we found that the cell membrane metalloprotease TRAB domain-containing protein 2A (TRABD2A) inhibited this production in resting CD4+ T cells by degrading the virion structural precursor polyprotein Gag at the plasma membrane. Depletion or inhibition of metalloprotease activity by TRABD2A profoundly enhanced HIV-1 production in resting CD4+ T cells. TRABD2A expression was much higher in resting CD4+ T cells than in activated CD4+ T cells and was considerably reduced by T cell activation. Moreover, reexpressing TRABD2A reinforced the resistance of activated CD4+ T cells to the production of HIV-1 progeny. Collectively, these results elucidate the molecular mechanism employed by resting CD4+ T cells to potently restrict the assembly and production of HIV-1 progeny.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Infecções por HIV/genética , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/fisiologia , Metaloproteases/genética , Replicação Viral , Produtos do Gene gag do Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana/metabolismo , Animais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Cátions , Linhagem Celular , Ativação Enzimática , Expressão Gênica , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Metaloproteases/antagonistas & inibidores , Metaloproteases/metabolismo , Família Multigênica , Proteólise , Proteína 1 com Domínio SAM e Domínio HD/genética , Proteína 1 com Domínio SAM e Domínio HD/metabolismo , Carga Viral
14.
Chem Sci ; 10(14): 4062-4068, 2019 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015947

RESUMO

Imaging the dynamics and behaviors of plasma membranes is at the leading edge of life science research. We report here the development of a universal red-fluorescent probe Chol-PEG-Cy5 for wash-free plasma membrane labelling both in vitro and in vivo. In aqueous solutions, the fluorescence of Chol-PEG-Cy5 is significantly quenched due to the intermolecular resonance energy transfer (RET) between neighbouring Cy5 moieties; however, upon membrane anchoring, the probes undergo lateral diffusion in lipid bilayers, resulting in weakened RET and turn-on fluorescence emission. We demonstrate that Chol-PEG-Cy5 enables rapid, stable and high-quality in vitro cell surface imaging in a variety of mammalian cells. Additionally, with the assistance of three-dimensional (3D) image reconstruction, we achieve for the first time the whole-mount in situ fluorescence imaging of the epidermal cell surfaces of live zebrafish embryos, which cannot be realized by conventional plasma membrane probes due to the presence of the surface-covering mucus barrier. This novel technique encourages us to track the cellular dynamics of the epidermis during embryonic development with 3D visualization. Moreover, we also develop a new method to evaluate the epidermal toxicity of nanomaterials (e.g., gold nanoparticles and graphene oxide nanosheets) toward zebrafish embryos using this fluorescent probe.

15.
Chem Sci ; 10(15): 4272-4281, 2019 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015952

RESUMO

Accumulating lines of evidence indicate that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are important signalling molecules for various cellular processes. 8-Oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (OG) is a prominent oxidative modification formed in DNA by ROS. Recently, it has been proposed that OG may have regulatory and possibly epigenetic-like properties in modulating gene expression by interfering with transcription components or affecting the formation of G-quadruplex structures. Deciphering the molecular mechanisms of OG on regulation of gene expression requires uncovering the location of OG on genome. In the current study, we characterized two commercially available DNA polymerases, Bsu DNA polymerase (Bsu Pol) and Tth DNA polymerase (Tth Pol), which can selectively incorporate adenine (A) and cytosine (C) opposite OG, respectively. By virtue of the differential coding properties of Bsu Pol and Tth Pol that can faithfully or error-prone copy a DNA strand carrying OG, we achieved quantitative and single-base resolution analysis of OG in synthesized DNA that carries OG as well as in the G-rich telomeric DNA from HeLa cells. In addition, the parallel analysis of the primer extension products with Bsu Pol and Tth Pol followed by sequencing provided distinct detection of OG in synthesized DNA. Future application of this approach will greatly increase our knowledge of the chemical biology of OG with respect to its epigenetic-like regulatory roles.

16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 9105768, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31016203

RESUMO

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of bone marrow stromal stem cells (BMSCs) on renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (RIRI) and dynamically monitor engrafted BMSCs in vivo for the early prediction of their therapeutic effects in a rat model. Methods: A rat model of RIRI was prepared by clamping the left renal artery for 45 min. One week after renal artery clamping, 2 × 106 superparamagnetic iron oxide- (SPIO-) labeled BMSCs were injected into the renal artery. Next, MR imaging of the kidneys was performed on days 1, 7, 14, and 21 after cell transplantation. On day 21, after transplantation, serum creatinine (Scr) and urea nitrogen (BUN) levels were assessed, and HE staining and TUNEL assay were also performed. Results: The body weight growth rates in the SPIO-BMSC group were significantly higher than those in the PBS group (P < 0.05), and the Scr and BUN levels were also significantly lower than those in the PBS group (P < 0.05). HE staining showed that the degree of degeneration and vacuole-like changes in the renal tubular epithelial cells in the SPIO-BMSC group was significantly better than that observed in the PBS group. The TUNEL assay showed that the number of apoptotic renal tubular epithelial cells in the SPIO-BMSC group was significantly lower than that in the PBS group. The T2 value of the renal lesion was the highest on day 1 after cell transplantation, and it gradually decreased with time in both the PBS and SPIO-BMSC groups but was always the lowest in the SPIO-BMSC group. Conclusion: SPIO-labeled BMSC transplantation can significantly promote the recovery of RIRI and noninvasive dynamic monitoring of engrafted cells and can also be performed simultaneously with MRI in vivo for the early prediction of therapeutic effects.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Rim/patologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Animais , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Artéria Renal/patologia , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos
17.
Parasitol Res ; 118(5): 1647-1651, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30904928

RESUMO

A new coelozoic myxozoan species, Ceratomyxa batam n. sp., was identified in cultured carangid fish, Trachinotus ovatus (Perciformes: Carangidae), in waters off Batam Island of Indonesia. The bi- and trivalved spores were observed in the gallbladder of T. ovatus. Mature bivalved spores of C. batam n. sp. were transversely elongated and narrowly crescent in shape, 3.8 ± 0.36 (2.7-4.6) µm long and 19.2 ± 1.75 (16.2-22.0) µm thick. Two sub-spherical polar capsules were 2.3 ± 0.18 (2.0-2.8) µm long and 2.6 ± 0.16 (2.3-2.9) µm wide. Prevalence was 72.2% in 72 examined T. ovatus according to evaluations dating from November 2016. The maximum likelihood phylogenetic tree based on small subunit rDNA sequence showed similarity with Ceratomyxa robertsthomsoni and Ceratomyxa thalassomae found in Australia. This is the first report of Ceratomyxa species identified in a seawater fish at Batam Island, Indonesia.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Vesícula Biliar/parasitologia , Myxozoa/classificação , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Perciformes/parasitologia , Esporos/classificação , Animais , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Peixes/parasitologia , Indonésia , Myxozoa/genética , Filogenia , Água do Mar/parasitologia , Esporos/genética , Esporos/isolamento & purificação
18.
Parasitol Res ; 118(3): 817-828, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30671728

RESUMO

The components of the transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß) signaling pathway in parasitic nematodes remain unknown. In this research, a type I receptor for TGF-ß was isolated from the hookworm Ancylostoma caninum. The new gene was designated as Acdaf-1, a Caenorhabditis elegans daf-1 homolog. The full-length cDNA of Acdaf-1 encodes a 595-amino-acid protein with an NH2-terminal signal peptide. This protein has a cytoplasm tail (209-595aa region) which corresponds to the type 1a membrane topology. Between amino acid position 295-500, the protein contains the ATP binding site, substrate binding sites, and PKC-kinase-like domain. Real-time RT-PCR showed that the transcript was expressed in three main stages of A. caninum. It reached the maximal level in the female adult worm stage with lower transcript level in the first and second larvae (L1/L2) and intermediate level in L3 stages as well as in the male worms. After serum activation, the activity of Acdaf-1 was decreased in L3 larvae. These data implied that Acdaf-1 might relate to the infection ability of the larvae. Immunolocalization revealed that AcDAF-1 was present in eggs, intestine, and epidermis cells of larvae (L1, L2, and L3 stages) with strong signal in primordium of the gonads in L3 and was abundant in epidermis, intestine, and ovary of adult worm. These results suggested that Acdaf-1 might be involved in the interaction of the parasite and host relationship and provide a potential target for parasite control.


Assuntos
Ancylostoma/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/genética , Animais , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , DNA Complementar/genética , Feminino , Estruturas Genéticas , Proteínas de Helminto/genética , Larva , Masculino , Filogenia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética
19.
Eur J Med Genet ; 62(2): 103-108, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29908350

RESUMO

The clinical significance of Xp22.31 microduplication is controversial as it is reported in subjects with developmental delay (DD), their unaffected relatives and unrelated controls. We performed multifaceted studies in a family of a boy with hypotonia, dysmorphic features and DD who carried a 600 Kb Xp22.31 microduplication (7515787-8123310bp, hg19) containing two genes, VCX and PNPLA4. The duplication was transmitted from his cognitively normal maternal grandfather. We found no evidence of the duplication causing the proband's DD and congenital anomalies based on unaltered expression of PNPLA4 in the proband and his mother in comparison to controls and preferential activation of the paternal chromosome X with Xp22.31 duplication in proband's mother. However, a de novo, previously reported deleterious, missense mutation in Pur-alpha gene (PURA) (5q31.2), with a role in neuronal differentiation was detected in the proband by exome sequencing. We propose that the variability in the phenotype in carriers of Xp22.31 microduplication can be due to a second and more deleterious genetic mutation in more severely affected carriers. Widespread use of whole genome next generation sequencing in families with Xp22.31 CNV could help identify such cases.


Assuntos
Duplicação Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos X/genética , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/genética , Fenótipo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Criança , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/patologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/patologia , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/patologia , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Síndrome
20.
Int Clin Psychopharmacol ; 34(1): 37-44, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30308557

RESUMO

A new self-rating functional scale (SRFS) was developed to assess the functionality of patients with schizophrenia, referred to the structure of Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP). The main aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the SRFS. A total of 210 patients with schizophrenia were recruited from outpatient clinics in six sites in China. Demographic information, SRFS, PSP, World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II, and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale were assessed. Spearman's correlation coefficient and path analysis were used to assess the reliability and validity of the SRFS. Cronbach's α coefficient was used to assess the internal consistency reliability. Cronbach's α was 0.83, and ranged from 0.80 to 0.82 stably, indicating that the scale was reliable in internal consistency. Spearman's correlation coefficient between split two parts was 0.68 (P<0.01), suggesting a moderate to strong split-half reliability. The standardized regression coefficients ranged from 0.48 to 0.79, indicating moderate construct validity. Spearman's correlation coefficients between SRFS and PSP, World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II, and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale are 0.59, 0.65, and 0.47 (all P<0.01), respectively, indicating moderate criteria validities. The SRFS is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing personal and social functionality in patients with schizophrenia.


Assuntos
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica/normas , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Agressão/psicologia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autocuidado , Autorrelato , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Adulto Jovem
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