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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(93): 12406-12416, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726685

RESUMO

Binders as a bridge in electrodes can bring various components together thus guaranteeing the integrity of electrodes and electronic contact during battery cycling. In this review, we summarize the recent progress of traditional binders and novel binders in the different electrodes of SIBs. The challenges faced by binders in terms of bond strength, wettability, thermal stability, conductivity, cost, and environment are also discussed in details. Correspondingly, the designing principle and advanced strategies of future research on SIB binders are also provided. Moreover, a general conclusion and perspective on the development of binder design for SIBs in the future are presented.

2.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(21): 2619-2628, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microribose nucleic acids (miRNAs) are implicated in the progression of lung adenocarcinoma. MicroRNA-345-5p (miR-345-5p) is a recently identified anti-oncogene in some human cancers, but its functional role and possible molecular mechanism in lung adenocarcinoma remain unknown. This study aimed to identify the biological function and underlying mechanism of miR-345-5p in lung adenocarcinoma cells. METHODS: In this study, lung adenocarcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues were collected in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University between April 2016 and February 2017. The expression of miR-345-5p and ras homolog family member A (RhoA) in lung adenocarcinoma tissues and human lung adenocarcinoma cell lines (A549, H1650, PC-9, and H441) was detected by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis. Functional assays including colony formation, flow cytometry analysis, wound healing, and transwell assays were performed to assess the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells. In addition, RNA pulldown and luciferase reporter assays were conducted to evaluate the relationship between miR-345-5p and RhoA. Difference between the two groups was analyzed with Student's t test, while that among multiple groups was analyzed with one-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: MiR-345-5p expression displayed lower level in lung adenocarcinoma tissues (0.241 ± 0.095 vs.1.000 ± 0.233, t = 19.247, P < 0.001) and cell lines (F = 56.992, P < 0.001) than control tissues and cells. Functional experiments demonstrated that upregulation of miR-345-5p inhibited the malignant phenotypes of lung adenocarcinoma cells via suppressing cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and facilitating cell apoptosis. Additionally, RhoA was verified to be the downstream target of miR-345-5p. Expression of RhoA was downregulated by overexpression of miR-345-5p in PC-9 (0.321 ± 0.047 vs. 1.000 ± 0.127, t = 8.536, P < 0.001) and H1650 (0.398 ± 0.054 vs. 1.000 ± 0.156, t = 4.429, P = 0.011) cells. Rescue assays revealed that overexpression of RhoA rescued the suppressive effects of miR-345-5p upregulation on proliferation, migration, and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Further, miR-345-5p was found to regulate the Rho/Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) signaling pathway by downregulation of RhoA in lung adenocarcinoma cells. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-345-5p plays a tumor suppressor role in lung adenocarcinoma cells by downregulating RhoA to inactivate the Rho/ROCK pathway.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética , Quinases Associadas a rho/genética , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/genética
3.
Zool Res ; 42(6): 825-833, 2021 11 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755501

RESUMO

As a top predator, the Eurasian otter ( Lutra lutra) is an indicator of healthy freshwater ecosystems and a flagship species for conservation. Once widespread in China, the species is now distributed mainly in the upper reaches of the great rivers of western China. However, a lack of knowledge on local otter populations continues to hinder their conservation in China. Here, we conducted a detailed study on habitat use of Eurasian otters in Yushu City and Tangjiahe National Nature Reserve in western China using transect surveys. At both study sites, otters preferred to defecate on large rocks close to or protruding from the river and about 50 cm above the waterline. In Yushu, no spraints were found along the 5 km river bank section in the downtown area, with otters preferring sprainting sites with natural banks, riparian zones, and lower human population density. However, this pattern was not obvious at Tangjiahe, where river transformation and human disturbance are minor. Otter river use intensity was negatively correlated with elevation and human population density in Yushu in both seasons. In Tangjiahe, otter river use intensity was positively correlated with prey mass and flow rate and negatively correlated with human population in spring, but positively correlated with human population and negatively correlated with flow rate in autumn. These results reflect the flexible habitat use strategies of otters at different sites, underlining the necessity to study otters living in different regions and habitat types. We provide suggestions for river modification and call for more site-specific studies to promote otter conservation in China.

4.
Chemosphere ; : 132909, 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785180

RESUMO

Although previous meta-analyses have shown that prenatal PFASs exposure is associated with reduction in birth weight, effects of prenatal PFASs exposure on birth outcomes have not been fully explored. We conducted a meta-analysis of 23 eligible studies searched from Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science before March 21, 2021 to analyze the association between prenatal PFASs exposure and birth outcomes, including premature birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW), small for gestational age (SGA) and miscarriage. Odds ratio (OR) and corresponding confidence intervals were extracted for analysis. According to the heterogeneity of the included studies, fixed-effects (I2 ≤ 50%) and random-effects (I2 > 50%) models were applied respectively. The significant associations between PFOS and PTB (pooled OR = 1.54, 95% CI: 1.20-1.98), PFOA and miscarriage (pooled OR = 1.40, 95% CI: 1.15-1.70), and PFOS and LBW (pooled OR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.19-1.94) were obtained. There were differences between included studies with different study regions, sampling time, and samples type used for PFASs assessment. These findings may provide insight in risk assessment and decision-making in producing products that contain PFASs.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599553

RESUMO

The safety of energy storage equipment has always been a stumbling block to the development of battery, and sodium ion battery is no exception. However, as an ultimate solution, the use of non-flammable electrolyte is susceptible to the side effects, and its poor compatibility with electrode, causing failure of batteries. Here, we report a non-flammable electrolyte design to achieve high-performance sodium ion battery, which resolves the dilemma via regulating the solvation structure of electrolyte by hydrogen bonds and optimizing the electrode-electrolyte interphase. The reported non-flammable electrolyte allows stable charge-discharge cycling of both sodium vanadium phosphate@hard carbon and Prussian blue@hard carbon full pouch cell for more than 120 cycles with a capacity retention of >85 % and high cycling Coulombic efficiency (99.7 %).

6.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 753148, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603364

RESUMO

Plants rapidly adapt to elevated ambient temperature by adjusting their growth and developmental programs. To date, a number of experiments have been carried out to understand how plants sense and respond to warm temperatures. However, how warm temperature signals are relayed from thermosensors to transcriptional regulators is largely unknown. To identify new early regulators of plant thermo-responsiveness, we performed phosphoproteomic analysis using TMT (Tandem Mass Tags) labeling and phosphopeptide enrichment with Arabidopsis etiolated seedlings treated with or without 3h of warm temperatures (29°C). In total, we identified 13,160 phosphopeptides in 5,125 proteins with 10,700 quantifiable phosphorylation sites. Among them, 200 sites (180 proteins) were upregulated, while 120 sites (87 proteins) were downregulated by elevated temperature. GO (Gene Ontology) analysis indicated that phosphorelay-related molecular function was enriched among the differentially phosphorylated proteins. We selected ATL6 (ARABIDOPSIS TOXICOS EN LEVADURA 6) from them and expressed its native and phosphorylation-site mutated (S343A S357A) forms in Arabidopsis and found that the mutated form of ATL6 was less stable than that of the native form both in vivo and in cell-free degradation assays. Taken together, our data revealed extensive protein phosphorylation during thermo-responsiveness, providing new candidate proteins/genes for studying plant thermomorphogenesis in the future.

7.
Phys Med Biol ; 66(22)2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715682

RESUMO

Neuroscience researches based on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) rely on accurate inter-subject image registration of functional regions. The intersubject alignment of fMRI can improve the statistical power of group analyses. Recent studies have shown the deep learning-based registration methods can be used for registration. In our work, we proposed a 30-Identity-Mapping Cascaded network (30-IMCNet) for rs-fMRI registration. It is a cascaded network that can warp the moving image progressively and finally align to the fixed image. A Combination unit with an identity-mapping path is added to the inputs of each IMCNet to guide the network training. We implemented 30-IMCNet on an rs-fMRI dataset (1000 Functional Connectomes Project dataset) and a task-related fMRI dataset (Eyes Open Eyes Closed fMRI dataset). To evaluate our method, a group-level analysis was implemented in the testing dataset. For rs-fMRI, the criterions such as peakt-value of group-level t-maps, cluster-level evaluation, and intersubject functional network correlation were used to evaluate the quality of the registrations. For task-related fMRI, peakt-value in ALFF paired-t map and peakt-value in ReHo paired-t maps were used. Compared with traditional algorithm FSL, SPM, and deep learning algorithm Kimet al, Zhaoet alour method has improvements of 48.90%, 30.73%, 36.38%, and 16.73% in the peaktvalue of t-maps. Our proposed method can achieve superior functional registration performance and thus gain a significant improvement in functional consistency.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(37): 44358-44368, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506123

RESUMO

Developing hard carbon with a high initial Coulombic efficiency (ICE) and very good cycling stability is of great importance for practical sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). Defects and oxygen-containing groups grown along either the carbon edges or the layers, however, are inevitable in hard carbon and can cause a tremendous density of irreversible Na+ sites, decreasing the efficiency and therefore causing failure of the battery. Thus, eliminating these unexpected defect structures is significant for enhancing the battery performance. Herein, we develop a strategy of applying a soft-carbon coating onto free-standing hard-carbon electrodes, which greatly hinders the formation of defects and oxygen-containing groups on hard carbon. The electrochemical results show that the soft-carbon-coated, free-standing hard-carbon electrodes can achieve an ultrahigh ICE of 94.1% and long cycling performance (99% capacity retention after 100 cycles at a current density of 20 mA g-1), demonstrating their great potential in practical sodium storage systems. The sodium storage mechanism was also investigated by operando Raman spectroscopy. Our sodium storage mechanism extends the "adsorption-intercalation-pore filling-deposition" model. We propose that the pore filling in the plateau area might be divided into two parts: (1) sodium could fill in the pores near the inner wall of the carbon layer; (2) when the sodium in the inner wall pores is close to saturation, the sodium could be further deposited onto the existing sodium.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(35): e27138, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477165

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The emergence of immune checkpoint inhibitors has brought new breakthroughs in the treatment of small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Programmed cell death-ligand 1 inhibitors combined with chemotherapy have been approved for the first-line treatment of extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC). However, programmed death 1 inhibitors have limited efficacy in the treatment of SCLC. The reason may be related to the abnormal vascular state in the tumor microenvironment. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old male patient, presenting cough and sputum for 1 month. DIAGNOSES: The patient was clinically diagnosed with SCLC and staged as ES-SCLC. INTERVENTIONS: Etoposide combined with lobaplatin treatment every 3 weeks for 4 cycles, evaluate as progressive disease. On the basis of the original plan, combined with camrelizumab for 2 cycles, evaluation as progressive disease. Then, the patient was treated with intravenous infusion of camrelizumab plus oral anlotinib. After 4 cycles, evaluation as partial response. Then we continued to use camrelizumab combined with anlotinib treatment for the patient. At the end of 26 cycles, the chest computed tomography examination revealed that the patient had achieved complete remission. OUTCOMES: After treated with carrelizumab combined with anlotinib for 26 cycles, the curative effect was evaluated as complete remission, progression-free survival was 24 months and there was no immune-related adverse reaction during treatment period. Besides, the patient developed complicated hand-foot syndrome, but this symptom was significantly relieved after reducing the dosage of anlotinib. LESSONS: In this case, antiangiogenesis combined with programmed death 1 inhibitors significantly inhibited tumor progression. It also indicated that anlotinib concurrent carrelizumab may be a superior choice for ES-SCLC. Further clinical trials required to confifirm its effificacy and safety.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia Torácica , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/induzido quimicamente , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
10.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5558, 2021 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561429

RESUMO

Cardiac radiotherapy (RT) may be effective in treating heart failure (HF) patients with refractory ventricular tachycardia (VT). The previously proposed mechanism of radiation-induced fibrosis does not explain the rapidity and magnitude with which VT reduction occurs clinically. Here, we demonstrate in hearts from RT patients that radiation does not achieve transmural fibrosis within the timeframe of VT reduction. Electrophysiologic assessment of irradiated murine hearts reveals a persistent supraphysiologic electrical phenotype, mediated by increases in NaV1.5 and Cx43. By sequencing and transgenic approaches, we identify Notch signaling as a mechanistic contributor to NaV1.5 upregulation after RT. Clinically, RT was associated with increased NaV1.5 expression in 1 of 1 explanted heart. On electrocardiogram (ECG), post-RT QRS durations were shortened in 13 of 19 patients and lengthened in 5 patients. Collectively, this study provides evidence for radiation-induced reprogramming of cardiac conduction as a potential treatment strategy for arrhythmia management in VT patients.


Assuntos
Conexina 43/genética , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/efeitos da radiação , Coração/efeitos da radiação , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.5/genética , Taquicardia Ventricular/radioterapia , Potenciais de Ação/fisiologia , Potenciais de Ação/efeitos da radiação , Animais , Conexina 43/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Eletrocardiografia , Fibrose Endomiocárdica , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Coração/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.5/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Taquicardia Ventricular/genética , Taquicardia Ventricular/metabolismo , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia
11.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 587850, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349638

RESUMO

Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels & Gilg (T. hemsleyanum) has attracted much attention due to its ability on pneumonia, bronchitis, and immune-related diseases, while its functional components and underlying mechanism of action on pneumonia have not been fully elucidated. Herein, we used a systematic network pharmacology approach to explore the action mechanism of T. hemsleyanum leaf in the treatment of pneumonia. In this study, the results of network pharmacology demonstrated that there were 34 active components and 80 drug-disease targets in T. hemsleyanum leaf, which were strongly in connection with signal transduction, inflammatory response, and the oxidation-reduction process. Subsequently, a mouse model of pneumonia induced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) was established to validate the predicted results of network pharmacology. In the animal experiments, aqueous extract of T. hemsleyanum leaf (EFT) significantly attenuated the histopathological changes of lung tissue in P. aeruginosa-induced mice and reduced the number of bacterial colonies in BALFs by 96.84% (p < 0.01). Moreover, EFT treatment suppressed the increase of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-17, IL-6, and TNF-α in lung tissues triggered by P. aeruginosa, which led to the increase of Th17 cells (p < 0.05). High concentration of EFT treatment (2.0 g/kg) obviously increased the anti-inflammatory cytokine levels, accompanied by the enhancement of Treg proportion in a dose-dependent manner and a notable reversal of transcription factor RORγt expression. These findings demonstrated that network pharmacology was a useful tool for TCM research, and the anti-inflammatory effect of EFT was achieved by maintaining Th17/Treg immune homeostasis and thereby suppressing the inflammatory immune response.

12.
Front Oncol ; 11: 706798, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34307175

RESUMO

The NUP214-ABL1 fusion gene is a constitutively active tyrosine kinase that can be detected in 6% of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) patients, and it can also be found in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL). However the NUP214-ABL1 fusion in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has not yet been reported. Up to now, the sensitivity of NUP214-ABL1-positive patients to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) is still controversial. Here we report the first case of an AML patient carrying NUP214-ABL1 fusion gene. The conventional AML chemotherapy regimen for the patient was successful. Identification of additional AML patients with NUP214-ABL1 fusion gene will provide treatment experience and prognostic evaluation.

13.
ChemSusChem ; 14(18): 3724-3743, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245489

RESUMO

Intercalation-based anode materials can be considered as the most promising anode candidates for large-scale sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), owing to their long-term cycling stability and environmental friendliness, as well as their natural abundance. Nevertheless, their low energy density, low initial coulombic efficiency, and poor cycling lifespan, as well as sluggish sodium diffusion dynamics are still the main issues for the application of intercalation-based anode materials in SIBs in terms of meeting the benchmark requirements for commercialization. Over the past few years, tremendous efforts have been devoted to improving the performance of SIBs. In this Review, recent progress in the development of intercalation-based anode materials, including TiO2 , Li4 Ti5 O12 , Na2 Ti3 O7 , and NaTi2 (PO4 )3 , is summarized in terms of their sodium storage performance, critical issues, sodiation/desodiation behavior, and effective strategies to enhance their electrochemical performance. Additionally, challenges and perspectives are provided to further understand these intercalation-based anode materials.

14.
Nat Biotechnol ; 39(10): 1228-1238, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34183859

RESUMO

Temporary cardiac pacemakers used in periods of need during surgical recovery involve percutaneous leads and externalized hardware that carry risks of infection, constrain patient mobility and may damage the heart during lead removal. Here we report a leadless, battery-free, fully implantable cardiac pacemaker for postoperative control of cardiac rate and rhythm that undergoes complete dissolution and clearance by natural biological processes after a defined operating timeframe. We show that these devices provide effective pacing of hearts of various sizes in mouse, rat, rabbit, canine and human cardiac models, with tailored geometries and operation timescales, powered by wireless energy transfer. This approach overcomes key disadvantages of traditional temporary pacing devices and may serve as the basis for the next generation of postoperative temporary pacing technology.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Marca-Passo Artificial , Animais , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/terapia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Cães , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Camundongos , Coelhos , Ratos , Tecnologia sem Fio
15.
Org Lett ; 23(11): 4499-4504, 2021 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032453

RESUMO

Rhodomentosones A and B (1 and 2), two pairs of novel enantiomeric phloroglucinol trimers featuring a unique 6/5/5/6/5/5/6-fused ring system were isolated from Rhodomyrtus tomentosa. Their structures with absolute configurations were elucidated by NMR spectroscopy, X-ray crystallography, and ECD calculation. The bioinspired syntheses of 1 and 2 were achieved in six steps featuring an organocatalytic asymmetric dehydroxylation/Michael addition/Kornblum-DeLaMare rearrangement/ketalization cascade reaction. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited promising antiviral activities against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).


Assuntos
Antivirais/química , Myrtaceae/química , Floroglucinol/química , Vírus Sinciciais Respiratórios/química , Biomimética , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química , Terpenos/química
16.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(4): 272-7, 2021 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931990

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of moxa-cone moxibustion at "Feishu" (BL13) and "Zhongfu" (LU1) on the contents of related inflammatory factors in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and the expression of phosphatidy-linositol-3-kinase (PI3K), retinoic acid related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) and fork/wing helix transcription factor 3 (Foxp3) in lung tissue in asthma mice. METHODS: Sixty male Balb/c mice were divided into normal, model, LY294002 (an inhibitor of PI3K, LY), electroacupuncture (EA) and moxa-cone moxibustion (moxibustion) groups (n=12 in each group). The asthma model was established by intraperitoneal injection of ovalbumin sensitization. The mice in the LY group were injected with LY 294002 (7.5 mg/kg) via the tail vein. EA or moxa-cone moxibustion was applied at BL13 and LU1 in the EA or moxibustion group once daily for 2 weeks. The levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE), interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in serum and BALF were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expressions of PI3K, RORγt and Foxp3 in lung tissue were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QRT PCR) and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Compared with the normal group, the levels of IgE and IL-4 in serum and BALF, the expressions of PI3K and RORγt mRNA and protein in lung tissue were significantly increased (P<0.01), while the levels of IFN-γ, and the expressions of Foxp3 mRNA and protein were significantly reduced (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the levels of IgE and IL-4 in serum and BALF, the expressions of PI3K and RORγt mRNA and protein in lung tissue were significantly decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the levels of IFN-γ in serum and BALF, the expressions of Foxp3 mRNA and protein in lung tissue were significantly increased (P<0.01) in the LY, EA and moxibustion groups. CONCLUSION: Moxa cone moxibustion at Shu- and Mu-acupoints of the lung meridian can reduce airway inflammatory reaction and control asthma attacks in asthma mice, which is closely related to its effects in regulating the expressions of RORγt and Foxp3 through PI3K signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Asma , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Asma/genética , Asma/terapia , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Transdução de Sinais
17.
Nano Lett ; 21(11): 4517-4523, 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34018760

RESUMO

The conventional thermal treatment systems typically feature low ramping/cooling rates, which lead to steep thermal gradients that generate inefficient, nonuniform reaction conditions and result in nanoparticle aggregation. Herein, we demonstrate a continuous fly-through material synthesis approach using a novel high-temperature reactor design based on the emerging thermal-shock technology. By facing two sheets of carbon paper with a small distance apart (1-3 mm), uniform and ultrahigh temperatures can be reached up to 3200 K within 50 ms by simply applying a voltage of 15 V. The raw materials can be continuously fed through the device, allowing the final products to be rapidly collected. As a proof-of-concept demonstration, we synthesized Pt nanocatalysts (∼4 nm) anchored on carbon black via this reactor at ∼1400 K. Furthermore, we find it features excellent electrocatalytic activities toward methanol oxidation reaction. This work offers a highly efficient platform for nanomaterials synthesis at high temperatures.

18.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(3): 209-14, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798293

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the behavior, histomorphology and the expression of angiopoietin-1 (Angpt-1) in rats with spinal nerve injury, so as to explore its mechanism on neuropathic pain. METHODS: Forty-five male SD rats were randomly divided into sham, model and EA groups (n=15 rats in each group). Spinal nerve ligation (SNL) of the L5 lumbar vertebra was performed to establish a rat model of neuropathic pain. The rats in the EA group were given EA at "Zusanli" (ST36) and "Kunlun" (BL60) of the operation side with continuous wave at a frequency of 2 Hz and an intensity of 1.5 mA once a day, 30 minutes each time for 7 days. The sham group only exposed L5 spinal nerves without ligation. Mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) were observed and recorded before modeling and on days 3,5,7,10,12 and 14 after modeling. L4-L6 segments of spinal cord were taken and the morphological changes of spinal dorsal horn were observed by HE staining. The changes of spinal dorsal horn nerve fiber structure were observed by silver plating staining. Angpt-1 expression was detected by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Compared with the sham group, the model group had significant reductions in MWT and TWL at each time point (P<0.01); compared with the model group, the EA group had significant increases in MWT and TWL on days 10,12 and 14 after intervention (P<0.05, P<0.01). HE staining showed that in the model group, the spinal dorsal horn showed degeneration and necrosis of neurons, nuclear fixation and shrinkage, and loose surrounding tissues. The degree of tissue damage of the EA group was milder than that of the model group. The silver staining results showed the model group had obvious neuronal fibrillary tangles, while there were fewer neuronal fibrillary tangles in the EA group. Compared with the sham group, the Angpt-1 expression in the model group was significantly decreased (P<0.01), and compared with the model group, the EA group had a significant increase in the expression of Angpt-1 (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: EA can promote the recovery of nerve function in SNL rats by up-regulating Angpt-1 expression.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Neuralgia , Angiopoietina-1/genética , Animais , Masculino , Neuralgia/genética , Neuralgia/terapia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Medula Espinal , Corno Dorsal da Medula Espinal
19.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 552: 37-43, 2021 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740663

RESUMO

Ghrelin is a peptide hormone with strong anti-inflammatory properties. In fact, Ghrelin was reported to improve endothelial dysfunction caused by excessive fat. However, its role in preserving the integrity of brain microvascular, under conditions of lipid dysregulation and inflammation, is not known. The objective of this study is to characterize the role of Ghrelin in the protection of cerebral microvascular integrity, during atherosclerosis, and uncover its underlying molecular mechanism. Our results demonstrated that an atherosclerotic condition, brought on by a high fat diet (HFD), can produce massive increases in serum inflammatory factors, blood lipids, cerebral microvascular leakage, and activation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) (p38 MAPK-JNK) pathway. It also produced significantly damaged pericytes morphology, resulting in pericyte decrease. Ghrelin treatment, on the other hand, protected against cerebral microvascular leakage and pericytes damage. Ghrelin effectively downregulated the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and it also suppressed the p38 MAPK-JNK signaling pathway. Additionally, in isolated mouse cerebral microvascular pericytes, ox-LDL lead to increased apoptosis and secretion of inflammatory factors, along with an elevation in phosphorylated p38 MAPK-JNK proteins. Alternately, Ghrelin administration markedly lowered expression of inflammatory factors, suppressed the p38 MAPK-JNK signaling path, and halted cell apoptosis. However, pretreatment of Hesperetin, a p38 MAPK-JNK agonist, abrogated the Ghrelin-mediated suppression of inflammation and apoptosis in pericytes. Taken together, these results suggest that Ghrelin restored cerebral microvascular integrity and reduced vascular leakage in atherosclerosis mice, in part, by its regulation of inflammatory and apoptotic signaling pathways in pericytes.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Circulação Cerebrovascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Grelina/farmacologia , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , MAP Quinase Quinase 4/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Animais , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/fisiopatologia , Aterosclerose/prevenção & controle , Células Cultivadas , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Grelina/administração & dosagem , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Lipoproteínas LDL/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Knockout , Pericitos/citologia , Pericitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Pericitos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Surg Innov ; 28(4): 419-426, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33275087

RESUMO

Introduction. Complex anal fistula (CAF) is a challenging anorectal condition. Although numerous treatments for its management have been proposed, none is ideal. Herein, we investigated the clinical efficacy of video-assisted modified ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT) in comparison with the incision-thread-drawing procedure for Parks type II anal fistulas. Methods. Male and female adult patients with Parks type II anal fistula who were randomized to receive one of two procedures in the Anorectal Surgery Unit of the Affiliated People's Hospital of Ningbo University: video-assisted modified LIFT (test group, 30 cases) or incision thread drawing (control group, 30 cases). Healing and recurrence, postoperative pain, and postoperative autonomous anal control ability were compared. Results. In the test group, the pain scores were significantly lower (P = .001) and wound healing was faster (P = .001). However, there were no marked differences between groups in operative efficacy or postoperative infection rate (all P > .05). We followed all the patients for more than 18 months, with the test group having lower Jorge-Wexner incontinence (P = .005) and fecal incontinence (FI) severity index (P = .000) scores. No significant difference in recurrence (χ2 = .351, P = .554) or healing (χ2 = 1.071, P = .301) rate was found between the 2 groups. Conclusions. We established that video-assisted modified LIFT is superior in repairing Parks type II anal fistulas, with less trauma, quicker recovery, and better anal function.


Assuntos
Incontinência Fecal , Fístula Retal , Adulto , Canal Anal , Feminino , Humanos , Ligadura , Masculino , Fístula Retal/cirurgia , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
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