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1.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 19(11): 1174-1179, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29132465

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the significance of flexible bronchoscopy in children with respiratory diseases. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 80 children who were hospitalized due to respiratory diseases (including severe pneumonia, Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia with atelectasis/lung consolidation/local emphysema, protracted pneumonia, coughing and wheezing of unknown cause, chronic cough of unknown cause, and laryngeal stridor) and who underwent flexible bronchoscopy/alveolar lavage. RESULTS: Bronchoscopy found that all the 80 children had endobronchial inflammation, among whom 28 children had severe airway obstruction by secretion. Twenty-four children had congenital airway dysplasia besides endobronchial inflammation, and three children had bronchial foreign bodies. In the children with coughing and wheezing of unknown cause and laryngeal stridor, some had congenital airway dysplasia or bronchial foreign bodies. Among the 27 children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia, 26 had severe airway obstruction/embolization by secretion; 25 children (93%) underwent chest imaging again at 2 weeks after alveolar lavage, and the results showed complete or partial lung recruitment. Among the 80 children who underwent bronchoscopy, 3 had severe hypoxemia during surgery, 1 had epistaxis, 1 had minor bleeding during alveolar lavage, 3 had transient bronchospasm, and 5 had postoperative fever; these children were all improved after symptomatic treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Flexible bronchoscopy is safe and reliable in children with respiratory diseases. Early alveolar lavage under a flexible bronchoscope is recommended for children with severe/refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia to improve prognosis. Flexible bronchoscopy is recommended for children with recurrent coughing and wheezing and persistent laryngeal stridor, in order to directly observe the throat and airway under an endoscope.


Assuntos
Broncoscopia/métodos , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Broncoscopia/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Tosse/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Sons Respiratórios/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 63(5): 412-20, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24805145

RESUMO

Autonomic imbalance characterized by sympathetic predominance coinciding with diminished vagal activity is an independent risk factor in cardiovascular diseases. Several studies show that vagus nerve stimulation exerted beneficial effects on cardiac function and survival. In this study, we investigated the vagomimetic effect of pyridostigmine on left ventricular (LV) remodeling in rats after myocardial infarction. After myocardial infarction, surviving rats were treated with or without pyridostigmine (31 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹) for 2 weeks, and hemodynamic parameters were measured. LV tissue was used to assess infarct size and interstitial fibrosis by Masson's trichrome and 0.1% picrosirius red staining. Protein expression of heart tissues was used to assess the efficacy of the treatment. Pyridostigmine markedly reduced myocardial infarct size and improved cardiac diastolic function. These improvements were accompanied with a significant decrease in matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression and collagen deposition. Additionally, pyridostigmine inhibited both transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) and TGF-ß1-activated kinase expression in hearts postmyocardial infarction. Thus, pyridostigmine reduces collagen deposition, attenuates cardiac fibrosis, and improves LV diastolic function after myocardial infarction via TGF-ß1/TGF-ß1-activated kinase pathway inhibition.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Colinesterase/uso terapêutico , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Brometo de Piridostigmina/uso terapêutico , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/antagonistas & inibidores , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Fibrose , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidroxiprolina/metabolismo , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
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