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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33461166

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) play a vital role in colorectal cancer (CRC) progression. To investigate the role of long intergenic non-coding RNA LINC00485 in CRC, we performed in vitro functional experiments. LoVo tumor-bearing and liver metastasis mice were used as in vivo models. We found that LINC00485 expression was significantly lower in CRC tissues and cancer cells than in paired normal samples and human normal colonic epithelial cells. Lower expression of LINC00485 predicted poor prognosis in CRC patients. LINC00485 knockdown promoted the proliferation, migration, and invasion of FHC cells, while LINC00485 overexpression weakened these abilities of LoVo cells. MicroRNA miR-581 was the downstream target of LINC00485, which was downregulated in CRC samples and cancer cells compared to normal tissues and normal colonic epithelial cells. MiR-581 overexpression induced proliferation, migration, and invasion of FHC cells, while miR-581 antagomir treatment produced opposite results. MiR-581 directly targeted the 3'UTR of EDEM1 and inhibited its expression and induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition of CRC. In mouse models, LINC00485 knockdown or down-regulation of miR-581 significantly repressed CRC cell growth and prevented CRC liver metastasis. Overall, LINC00485 suppressed CRC tumorigenesis and progression by targeting the miR-581/EDEM1 axis. LINC00485 may be a potential therapeutic target for CRC.

2.
Plant Dis ; 105(1): 205-206, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33200956

RESUMO

Sphingomonas carotinifaciens strain L9-754T (DSM 27347) is a gram-negative, chemoheterotrophic, and rod-shaped endophyte isolated from the stem tissues of Jatropha curcas L. This strain has putative in vitro antagonistic ability against the plant pathogenic fungus Magnaporthe grisea. A draft genome of L9-754T was obtained using the PacBio SMRT cell platform. By analyzing the genome of strain L9-754T, a gene cluster (GQR91_18700 - GQR91_18715) related to an antioxidant enzyme was identified in the obtained draft genome. The information obtained from the draft genome is expected to reveal the putative properties helpful in biocontrol applications.


Assuntos
Jatropha , Endófitos/genética , Jatropha/genética , Filogenia , Folhas de Planta , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sphingomonas
3.
Med Image Anal ; 67: 101836, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129141

RESUMO

The recent global outbreak and spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) makes it an imperative to develop accurate and efficient diagnostic tools for the disease as medical resources are getting increasingly constrained. Artificial intelligence (AI)-aided tools have exhibited desirable potential; for example, chest computed tomography (CT) has been demonstrated to play a major role in the diagnosis and evaluation of COVID-19. However, developing a CT-based AI diagnostic system for the disease detection has faced considerable challenges, which is mainly due to the lack of adequate manually-delineated samples for training, as well as the requirement of sufficient sensitivity to subtle lesions in the early infection stages. In this study, we developed a dual-branch combination network (DCN) for COVID-19 diagnosis that can simultaneously achieve individual-level classification and lesion segmentation. To focus the classification branch more intensively on the lesion areas, a novel lesion attention module was developed to integrate the intermediate segmentation results. Furthermore, to manage the potential influence of different imaging parameters from individual facilities, a slice probability mapping method was proposed to learn the transformation from slice-level to individual-level classification. We conducted experiments on a large dataset of 1202 subjects from ten institutes in China. The results demonstrated that 1) the proposed DCN attained a classification accuracy of 96.74% on the internal dataset and 92.87% on the external validation dataset, thereby outperforming other models; 2) DCN obtained comparable performance with fewer samples and exhibited higher sensitivity, especially in subtle lesion detection; and 3) DCN provided good interpretability on the loci of infection compared to other deep models due to its classification guided by high-level semantic information. An online CT-based diagnostic platform for COVID-19 derived from our proposed framework is now available.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico por imagem , Redes Neurais de Computação , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , /classificação , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/classificação , Radiografia Torácica , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
4.
Animals (Basel) ; 10(12)2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33265935

RESUMO

Long-term exposure to hyperosmotic environments can induce severe immune damage and increase risk in tilapia breeding. As an effective immunoregulator, ß-glucan has attracted extensive attention in nutritional research and given rise to high expectations of improving health status and alleviating organismal damage in tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, in brackish water. In this study, an 8-week cultivation experiment was conducted on tilapia fed a basal diet or diets with ß-glucan supplementation in freshwater (control) and brackish water. Growth performance, hematological aspects, immune cytokine expression, and the intestinal microbiota of tilapia were analyzed. The results indicated that supplementation with ß-glucan significantly reduced the enlarged spleen of tilapia resulting from hypersaline stress. Tilapia fed ß-glucan showed significantly-greater decreases in the red blood cell count, hematocrit, red cell distribution width, platelet count, and plateletcrit than those fed the basal diet. ß-glucan significantly decreased the high expression of immune-related genes in the spleen induced by hyperosmotic stress. In the intestine, the high migration inhibitory factor-2 (MIF-2) and IL-1ß gene expression induced by hypersaline stress was significantly reduced. ß-glucan supplementation also significantly increased the abundance of beneficial microbiota such as Lactobacillus, Phycicoccus, and Rikenellaceae. Therefore, dietary ß-glucan supplementation can significantly reduce spleen enlargement and improve immune function in tilapia in brackish water. ß-glucan intake can also optimize the intestinal microbiota of tilapia in brackish water and improve fish health.

5.
Animals (Basel) ; 10(12)2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33266099

RESUMO

To determine the response of Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei to different levels of dietary choline, juvenile white shrimp (1.75 ± 0.09 g) were fed six semi-purified diets supplemented with 0 (control), 2000, 4000, 6000, 8000, and 12,000 mg/kg choline chloride for eight weeks. Growth performance, whole-body composition, serum characteristics and hepatopancreatic antioxidant indexes were evaluated. Meanwhile, serum metabolome and hepatopancreas transcriptome were performed to examine the overall difference in metabolite and gene expression. The weight gain, survival, specific growth rate, condition factor and hepatosomatic index were not affected by dietary choline levels. The shrimp fed 6000 mg/kg dietary choline chloride gained the maximal whole-body crude protein, which was significantly higher than that of shrimp fed with 12,000 mg/kg dietary choline. Serum total cholesterol of shrimp fed 6000 mg/kg dietary choline was higher than that in shrimp fed 4000 mg/kg choline. Dietary choline significantly decreased malondialdehyde content, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione peroxidase activities in shrimp hepatopancreas. Compared with the shrimp fed 6000 mg/kg dietary choline chloride, the glycerophospholipid metabolism pathway was significantly enriched in the shrimp fed 0 mg/kg dietary choline chloride, and the choline content and bile salt-activated lipase-like expression were upregulated. The expression of trypsin-1-like in protein digestion and absorption pathway was significantly downregulated in the shrimp fed 12,000 mg/kg dietary choline chloride. Apolipoprotein D might be a potential biomarker in shrimp, and dietary choline played an important role in lipid metabolism, especially in the reduction of oxidative damage in L. vannamei. Based on the results of weight gain and degree of oxidative damage, 1082 mg/kg dietary choline could meet the growth requirement of L. vannamei, but 2822 mg/kg dietary choline was needed to reduce peroxidation damage.

6.
Science ; 370(6523): 1460-1463, 2020 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33273064

RESUMO

Quantum computers promise to perform certain tasks that are believed to be intractable to classical computers. Boson sampling is such a task and is considered a strong candidate to demonstrate the quantum computational advantage. We performed Gaussian boson sampling by sending 50 indistinguishable single-mode squeezed states into a 100-mode ultralow-loss interferometer with full connectivity and random matrix-the whole optical setup is phase-locked-and sampling the output using 100 high-efficiency single-photon detectors. The obtained samples were validated against plausible hypotheses exploiting thermal states, distinguishable photons, and uniform distribution. The photonic quantum computer, Jiuzhang, generates up to 76 output photon clicks, which yields an output state-space dimension of 1030 and a sampling rate that is faster than using the state-of-the-art simulation strategy and supercomputers by a factor of ~1014.

7.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283954

RESUMO

Until now, dynamic functional connectivity (dFC) based on functional magnetic resonance imaging is typically estimated on a set of predefined regions of interest (ROIs) derived from an anatomical or static functional atlas which follows an implicit assumption of functional homogeneity within ROIs underlying temporal fluctuation of functional coupling, potentially leading to biases or underestimation of brain network dynamics. Here, we presented a novel computational method based on dynamic functional connectivity degree (dFCD) to derive meaningful brain parcellations that can capture functional homogeneous regions in temporal variance of functional connectivity. Several spatially distributed but functionally meaningful areas that are well consistent with known intrinsic connectivity networks were identified through independent component analysis (ICA) of time-varying dFCD maps. Furthermore, a systematical comparison with commonly used brain atlases, including the Anatomical Automatic Labeling template, static ICA-driven parcellation and random parcellation, demonstrated that the ROI-definition strategy based on the proposed dFC-driven parcellation could better capture the interindividual variability in dFC and predict observed individual cognitive performance (e.g., fluid intelligence, cognitive flexibility, and sustained attention) based on chronnectome. Together, our findings shed new light on the functional organization of resting brains at the timescale of seconds and emphasized the significance of a dFC-driven and voxel-wise functional homogeneous parcellation for network dynamics analyses in neuroscience.

8.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 22: 750-765, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230473

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), one of the most aggressive malignancies, ranks as the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Emerging evidence indicates that RNA N6-methyladenosine (m6A) plays a critical role in tumor progression. However, the biological function of YTHDF1 in HCC remains unclear. Here, we found that YTHDF1 expression was strikingly elevated in HCC tissues and cell lines and significantly associated with prognosis of HCC patients. Moreover, YTHDF1 expression was transcriptionally regulated by USF1 and c-MYC in HCC. Functional studies showed that YTHDF1 can promote HCC cell proliferation and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. Multi-omics analysis revealed that YTHDF1 can accelerate the translational output of FZD5 mRNA in an m6A-dependent manner and function as an oncogene through the WNT/ß-catenin pathway. Taken together, our study revealed an essential role of YTHDF1 in the progression of HCC cells, which indicated that targeting YTHDF1 may be a potential therapeutic strategy in HCC.

9.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33211278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effects of modified Linggui Zhugan Decoction (, MLZD), a traditional Chinese medicine formula, on obese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) rats. METHODS: Fifty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups by a random number table, including normal, obese T2DM (ob-T2DM), MLZD low-dose [MLDZ-L, 4.625 g/(kg·d)], MLZD middle-dose [MLD-M, 9.25 g/(kg·d) ] and MLZD high-dose [MLD-H, 18.5 g/(kg·d)] groups, 10 rats in each group. After 4-week intervention, blood samples and liver, pancreas, muscle tissues were collected to assess the insulin resistance (IR), blood lipid, adipokines and inflammation cytokines. The alteration of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B (PKB or Akt)/the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-ribosome protein subunit 6 kinase 1 (S6K1 )/AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1 α) pathways were also studied. RESULTS: MLZD dose-dependently reduced fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, homeostasis model of assessment for IR index and increased insulin sensitive index compared with ob-T2DM rats (P<0.05). Similarly, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and free fatty acids were also decreased compared with ob-T2DM rats after 4-week treatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Improvements in adipokines and inflammatory cytokines were observed with a raised level of adiponectin and a reduced level of leptin, resistin, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). MLZD regulated the PI3K-Akt/mTOR-S6K1/AMPK-PGC-1 α pathways and restored the tissue structure of liver and pancreas (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: MLZD ameliorated glycolipid metabolism and inflammation, which may be attributed to the regulation of PI3K-Akt/mTOR-S6K1/AMPK-PGC-1 α pathways.

10.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 774, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33234145

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the management of early inflammatory joint of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), there is a need for reliable noninvasive quantitative monitoring biomarker to closely assess status of synovitis progression. Cognizant to this,studies geared on improving techniques for quantitative evaluation of micro-environment permeability of the joint space are necessary. Such improved techniques may provide tissue perfusion as important biological parameters and can further help in understanding the origin of early changes associated with AS. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance and determine longitudinal relationships of early micro-environment active in the joint space of the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) with a rat model by using quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). METHODS: Thirty wistar male rats were randomly assigned to the model (n = 15) or control (n = 15) group. All rats underwent DCE-MRI of SIJ region at fixed time points (12, 17 and 22 weeks),between September 2018 and October 2019. Differences in permeability parameters between the two groups at the same time point were compared by using an independent samples t test. Spearman correlations of DCE-MRI parameters with different time points in model group were analyzed. All statistical analyses were performed with software. RESULTS: At 12 weeks,the Ktrans,Kep and Ve values in the model group were slightly lower than those in control group,but all the differences were not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Compared with control group,the transfer constant (Ktrans) values increased significantly at 17 weeks and 22 weeks in model group,while the rate constant (Kep) and volume of extravascular extracellular space (Ve) significantly increased only at 22 weeks(p < 0.05). The Ktrans,Kep and Ve were positively correlated with increasing time points (r = 0.946, P<0.01 for Ktrans; r = 0.945, P<0.01 for Kep; and r = 0.832, P<0.01 for Ve). CONCLUSION: Quantitative DCE-MRI parameters are valuable for evaluating the early longitudinal relationship of micro-environment permeability changes in the joint space of SIJ.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236065

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to investigate the safety and feasibility of triport periareolar thoracoscopic surgery (TPTS) and its advantages in repairing adult atrial septal defect. METHODS: Between January 2017 and January 2020, a total of 121 consecutive adult patients underwent atrial septal defect closure in our institution. Of these, 30 patients had TPTS and 31 patients had a right minithoracotomy (RMT). Operational data and clinical outcomes were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: The total operation time, cardiopulmonary bypass time and aortic cross-clamp time in the TPTS group were slightly longer than those in the RMT group, but there were no differences between the 2 groups. Compared with the RMT group, the TPTS group showed a decrease in the volume of chest drainage in 24 h (98.6 ± 191.2 vs 222.6 ± 217.2 ml; P = 0.032) and a shorter postoperative hospital stay (6.5 ± 1.5 vs 8.0 ± 3.7 days; P = 0.042). The numeric rating scale on postoperative day 7 was significantly less in the TPTS group than in the RMT group (2.82 ± 1.14 vs 3.56 ± 1.42; P = 0.034). The patient satisfaction scale for the cosmetic results in the TPTS group was significantly higher than in the RMT group (4.68 ± 0.55 vs 4.22 ± 0.76; P = 0.012). No differences were found in postoperative complications. No in-hospital death or major adverse events occurred in the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: TPTS is safe and feasible for the closure of adult atrial septal defect. Compared with RMT, it has been associated with less pain and better cosmetic outcomes.

12.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(21): 21638-21659, 2020 11 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159022

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA methylation is the most prevalent modification of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and catalyzed by a multicomponent methyltransferase complex (MTC), among which methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) and METTL14 are two core molecules. However, METTL3 and METTL14 play opposite regulatory roles in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, we conducted a multi-omics analysis of METTL3 and METTL14 in HCC, including RNA-sequencing, m6ARIP-sequencing, and ribosome-sequencing profiles. We found that the expression and prognostic value of METTL3 and METTL14 are opposite in HCC. Besides, after METTL3 and METTL14 knockdown, most of the dysregulated mRNAs, signaling pathways and biological processes are distinct in HCC, which partly explains the contrary regulatory role of METTL3 and METTL14. Intriguingly, these mRNAs whose stability or translation efficiency are influenced by METTL3 or METTL14 in an m6A dependent manner, jointly regulate multiple signaling pathways and biological processes, which supports the cooperative role of METTL3 and METTL14 in catalyzing m6A modification. In conclusion, our study further clarified the contradictory role of METTL3 and METTL14 in HCC.

13.
Public Health Genomics ; : 1-10, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sirtuin 6 gene (SIRT6) is a longevity gene that is involved in a variety of metabolic pathways, but the relationship between SIRT6 methylation and longevity has not been clarified. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study on 129 residents with a family history of longevity (1 of parents, themselves, or siblings aged ≥90 years) and 86 individuals without a family history of exceptional longevity to identify the association. DNA pyrosequencing was performed to analyze the methylation status of SIRT6 promoter CpG sites. qRT-PCR and ELISA were used to estimate the SIRT6 messenger RNA (mRNA) levels and protein content. Six CpG sites (P1-P6) were identified as methylation variable positions in the SIRT6 promoter region. RESULTS: At the P2 and P5 CpG sites, the methylation rates of the longevity group were lower than those of the control group (p < 0.001 and p = 0.009), which might be independent determinants of longevity. The mRNA and protein levels of SIRT6 decreased in the control group (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.038). The mRNA level negatively correlated with the methylation rates at the P2 (rs = -0.173, p = 0.011) and P5 sites (rs = -0.207, p = 0.002). Furthermore, the protein content positively correlated with the methylation rate at the P5 site (rs = 0.136, p = 0.046) but showed no significant correlation with the methylation rate at the P2 site. CONCLUSION: The low level of SIRT6 methylation may be a potential protective factor of Chinese longevity.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Xanthones are a class of heterocyclic natural products, which are promising sources of anticancer leads. Phomoxanthone B(PXB)and Phomoxanthone A(PXA)are xanthone dimers. PXA is well studied as an anti-cancer agent, but PXB is not. In our study, PXB was isolated from the endophytic fungus Phomopsis sp. By254. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the underlying anti-tumor mechanisms of PXB in breast cancer MCF7 cell line. METHODS: Apoptosis, cell cycle, proliferation, invasion and migration assays were used to assess the antitumor activity of PXB. RNA sequencing was used to analyze the effect of PXB treatment on gene expression in MCF7 cells. RESULTS: PXB showed cytotoxicity toward a variety of tumor cells, especially MCF7 cells. PXB inhibited the migration and invasion, arrested cell cycle at G2/M phase and induced apoptosis associated with caspase-3 activation in MCF7 cells. The detailed transcriptome analysis revealed that PXB affected several pathways related to tumorigenesis, metabolisms-, and oxidative phosphorylation in MCF7 cells. KEGG transcriptome analysis revealed that PXB upregulated pro-survival signal pathways such as MAPK, PI3K-AKT and STAT3 pathways. We found that PXB also significantly upregulated the expression of IL24, DDIT3 and XAF1, which may contribute to PXB-induced apoptosis. We further found that PXB may downregulate oxidative phosphorylation by decreasing the expression of electron transport chain genes, especially MT-ND1, which is a potential unfavorable prognostic marker for ER-positive breast cancer. CONCLUSION: PXB exerts strong cytotoxicity against human tumor cells and has a potential for ER-positive breast cancer treatment.

15.
Dalton Trans ; 49(48): 17772-17778, 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33245085

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) metal-organic framework (MOF) nanosheets have emerged as a new member of 2D nanomaterials for molecular sieving, energy conversion and storage, catalysis and biomedicine. In this paper, a highly dense assembly of porphyrin achievable in porphyrin-integrated MOF nanosheets induced by an ionic liquid is obtained by sonication exfoliation of its bulk crystals. The 2D layered structure MOF, [BMI]2[Ca3(H2TCPP)2(µ2-OH2)2(H2O)2] (1), was firstly prepared by using the ionic liquid assisted synthetic method (H6TCPP = meso-tetra(carboxyphenyl) porphyrin, BMI = 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium). The laminated layers in 1 clearly indicate a weak interlayer non-covalent interaction but a strong metal-carboxylate bonding within the layers, which facilitates the exfoliation of 1 to form 2D MOF nanosheets (1 NSs). Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) and fast Fourier transform (FFT) patterns revealed that 1 NSs could maintain their crystalline structure after exfoliation. These MOF nanosheets exhibited excellent aqueous dispersibility, biodegradability and high cytotoxicity under light irradiation against MCF-7 cells.

16.
Oncol Lett ; 20(6): 308, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33093917

RESUMO

Aberrant DNA replication is one of the driving forces behind oncogenesis. Furthermore, minichromosome maintenance complex component 3 (MCM3) serves an essential role in DNA replication. Therefore, in the present study, the diagnostic and prognostic value of MCM3 and its interacting proteins in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were investigated. By utilizing The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, global MCM3 mRNA levels were assessed in HCC and normal liver tissues. Its effects were further analyzed by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), western blotting and immunohistochemistry in 78 paired HCC and adjacent tissues. Functional and pathway enrichment analyses were performed using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes database. The expression levels of proteins that interact with MCM3 were also analyzed using the TCGA database and RT-qPCR. Finally, algorithms combining receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed using binary logistic regression using the TCGA results. Increased MCM3 mRNA expression with high α-fetoprotein levels and advanced Edmondson-Steiner grade were found to be characteristic of HCC. Survival analysis revealed that high MCM3 expression was associated with poor outcomes in patients with HCC. In addition, MCM3 protein expression was associated with increased tumor invasion in HCC tissues. MCM3 and its interacting proteins were found to be primarily involved in DNA replication, cell cycle and a number of binding processes. Algorithms combining ROCs of MCM3 and its interacting proteins were found to have improved HCC diagnosis ability compared with MCM3 and other individual diagnostic markers. In conclusion, MCM3 appears to be a promising diagnostic biomarker for HCC. Additionally, the present study provides a basis for the multi-gene diagnosis of HCC using MCM3.

17.
Front Neurosci ; 14: 881, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33013292

RESUMO

Increasing evidence has suggested that the dynamic properties of functional brain networks are related to individual behaviors and cognition traits. However, current fMRI-based approaches mostly focus on statistical characteristics of the windowed correlation time course, potentially overlooking subtle time-varying patterns in dynamic functional connectivity (dFC). Here, we proposed the use of an end-to-end deep learning model that combines the convolutional neural network (CNN) and long short-term memory (LSTM) network to capture temporal and spatial features of functional connectivity sequences simultaneously. The results on a large cohort (Human Connectome Project, n = 1,050) demonstrated that our model could achieve a high classification accuracy of about 93% in a gender classification task and prediction accuracies of 0.31 and 0.49 (Pearson's correlation coefficient) in fluid and crystallized intelligence prediction tasks, significantly outperforming previously reported models. Furthermore, we demonstrated that our model could effectively learn spatiotemporal dynamics underlying dFC with high statistical significance based on the null hypothesis estimated using surrogate data. Overall, this study suggests the advantages of a deep learning model in making full use of dynamic information in resting-state functional connectivity, and highlights the potential of time-varying connectivity patterns in improving the prediction of individualized characterization of demographics and cognition traits.

18.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064332

RESUMO

Antisocial behavior (ASB) is believed to have neural substrates; however, the association between ASB and functional brain networks remains unclear. The temporal variability of the functional connectivity (or dynamic FC) derived from resting-state functional MRI has been suggested as a useful metric for studying abnormal behaviors including ASB. This is the first study using low-frequency fluctuations of the dynamic FC to unravel potential system-level neural correlates with ASB. Specifically, we individually associated the dynamic FC patterns with the ASB scores (measured by Antisocial Process Screening Device) of the male offenders (age: 23.29 ± 3.36 years) based on machine learning. Results showed that the dynamic FCs were associated with individual ASB scores. Moreover, we found that it was mainly the inter-network dynamic FCs that were negatively associated with the ASB severity. Three major high-order cognitive functional networks and the sensorimotor network were found to be more associated with ASB. We further found that impaired behavior in the ASB subjects was mainly associated with decreased FC dynamics in these networks, which may explain why ASB subjects usually have impaired executive control and emotional processing functions. Our study shows that temporal variation of the FC could be a promising tool for ASB assessment, treatment, and prevention.

19.
Environ Int ; 145: 106154, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ozone (O3) exposure has been associated with biomarkers of platelet activation and oxidative stress. The metabolism of arachidonic acid (AA) plays an important role in platelet activation and oxidative stress. However, AA metabolic pathways have not been examined in relation to O3 and other air pollutants. METHODS: Early morning urine and fasting blood were longitudinally collected up to four times from 89 healthy adults (22-52 years old, 25 women) in Changsha City, China. We measured three urinary AA metabolites, namely 11-dehydro-Thromboxane B2 (11-dhTXB2) produced from the arachidonic cyclooxygenase pathway, 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) from the CYPs pathway, and 8-isoprostane from the non-enzymatic pathway. Urinary malondialdehyde (MDA) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were measured as indicators of oxidative damage to lipids and DNA, respectively. We measured soluble P-selectin (sCD62p) concentrations in plasma as an indicator of platelet activation. Indoor and outdoor air pollutants were measured and combined with participants' time-activity pattern to calculate personal exposure to O3, PM2.5, NO2, and SO2 averaged over 12-hour, 24-hour, 1-week, and 2-week periods prior to biospecimen collection, respectively. Linear mixed-effects models were used to examine the relationships of AA metabolites with air pollutant exposures, plasma sCD62p, and urinary MDA & 8-OHdG. RESULTS: We found that a 10% increase in 12 h and 24 h O3 exposure were associated with increases in urinary11-dhTXB2 by 1.4% (95%, 0.1% to 2.6%) and 1.3% (0.05% to 2.5%), respectively. These associations remained robust after adjusting for co-pollutant exposures. No significant associations were observed between 11-dhTXB2 and other pollutants or between O3 exposures and other AA metabolites. All the three AA metabolites were significantly and positively associated with urinary MDA and 8-OHdG, whereas only urinary 11-dhTXB2 was significantly and positively associated with plasma sCD62p. CONCLUSIONS: A metabolite of AA from the cyclooxygenase pathway was positively associated with short-term O3 exposure, and with a plasma marker of platelet activation and two urinary markers of oxidative stress. The results suggest that O3 exposure may contribute to increased platelet activation and oxidative damages via altering the metabolism of AA.

20.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(8): 3862-3869, 2020 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124364

RESUMO

In order to clarify the effects of chelate tetrasodium glutamate diacetate (GLDA) on the remediation of cadmium (Cd) contaminated farmland by Pennisetum purpureum Schum, GLDA was applied in different methods within 60 days:total application doses of 585, 1170, and 2340 kg·hm-2 were equally divided into 1-4 applications, respectively, and the time intervals of 2-4 applications were 30, 20, and 15 days, respectively. The biomass, Cd content, and amount of Cd extracted from aboveground parts of Pennisetum purpureum Schum, in addition to the pH, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) mass concentration, and other indicators in soil were analyzed. The results showed that the biomass and Cd content of the aboveground parts of Pennisetum purpureum Schum increased significantly when GLDA was applied many times at a low application dose. The number of applications and the total dose were the key factors influencing the biomass and Cd content, respectively. The highest amount of Cd extracted was 16.78 g·hm-2 at 585 kg·hm-2 (applied four times), which was 275.39% higher than the CK treatment (i.e., no GLDA was applied). There was significant positive correlations between the pH, mass concentration of DOC, and content of DTPA-Cd, and the total dose and number of applications. The mass concentration of DOC was the main factor affecting the DTPA-Cd content. The total Cd content in the soil (after at 585 kg·hm-2 was applied four times) decreased by 3.23% compared with that of the soil before planting Pennisetum purpureum Schum. Therefore, the application of GLDA is of great significance for the remediation of Cd contaminated farmland by Pennisetum purpureum Schum, and the application method should be selected reasonably.


Assuntos
Pennisetum , Poluentes do Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Cádmio/análise , Fazendas , Ácido Glutâmico , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
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