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1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 311-315, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812392

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features and prognostic factors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. METHODS: A total of 108 children with B-cell ALL (B-ALL) were diagnosed and systematically treated according to Chinese Children's Leukemia Group (CCLG) -ALL 2008 in our hospital from January 2016 to December 2016. The 108 patients were divided into two groups according to the result of mutiplex polymerase chain reaction: group with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement and group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. The ALL children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement were all treated by CCLG-ALL 2008 high-risk group (HR) regimens, and the ALL children in group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement received different intensity chemotherapy according to clinical risk classification. RESULTS: Five (4 male and 1 female) out of 108 patients with B-ALL had P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. In the 5 B-ALL patients with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement, the median age of the was 4 (2-6) years old and the median WBC count was 26.2 (2.46-525.1)×109/L. These patients presented different immunophenotype, including 3 cases of common B-ALL and 2 cases of pre B-ALL. Four patients carried a normal karyotype and 1 patient carried 46, XY, der (20) [22]/46, XY[2]. For the children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement, 1 patient (20%) could not achieve complete remission (CR), and minimal residual disease (MRD) of 2 patients (40%) was higher than 1% on day 33 of induction chemotherapy; while in group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement, all the patient achieved CR, and MRD in 6 patients (5.8%) was higher than 1% on day 33 of induction chemotherapy. The 3 year event-free survival (EFS) of ALL children in group with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement was significantly lower than that in group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement (60.0%±21.9% vs 85.9%±3.9%) (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The early treatment response and prognosis of ALL children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement are worse, and more effective protocol is needed for this subtype patients.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Rearranjo Gênico , Humanos , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Prognóstico , Receptores de Citocinas/genética , Receptores Purinérgicos P2Y/genética
2.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(6)2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846776

RESUMO

Postoperative recurrence causes a high mortality rate among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The current study aimed to determine the effects of Plasmodium infection on HCC metastasis and recurrence. The antitumor effects of Plasmodium infection were determined using two murine orthotopic HCC models: The non­resection model and the resection model. Tumour tissues derived from tumour­bearing mice treated with or without Plasmodium infection were harvested 15 days post­tumour inoculation. The expression levels of biomarkers related to epithelial­mesenchymal transition (EMT) and molecules associated with CC­chemokine receptor 10 (CCR10)­mediated PI3K/Akt/GSK­3ß/Snail signalling were identified using reverse transcription­quantitative PCR and western blotting. The results demonstrated that Plasmodium infection significantly suppressed the progression, recurrence and metastasis of HCC in the two mouse models. The expression levels of E­cadherin were significantly higher in the Plasmodium­treated group compared with that in the control group, whereas the expression levels of Vimentin and Snail were significantly lower in the Plasmodium­treated group. Furthermore, Plasmodium infection inhibited the activation of Akt and GSK­3ß in the tumour tissues by downregulating the expression levels of CCR10 and subsequently suppressing the accumulation of Snail, which may contribute to the suppression of EMT and the prevention of tumour recurrence and metastasis. In conclusion, the results of the present study demonstrated that Plasmodium infection inhibited the recurrence and metastasis and improved the prognosis of HCC by suppressing CCR10­mediated PI3K/Akt/GSK­3ß/Snail signalling and preventing the EMT. These results may be important for the development of novel therapies for HCC recurrence and metastasis, especially for patients in the perioperative period.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33842998

RESUMO

As a class of synthetic sulfur drugs, sulfonamides (SAs) have been used to treat diseases and promote organism growth. Different concentrations of SAs have been detected in the water environment, which has threatened the ecological environment. In this study, the contamination of 9 SAs in water, sediments, and 8 fish species from the Hangbu-Fengle River, China, were analyzed using UPLC-MS/MS. The total SA concentrations in surface water, sediments, and fish were ND-5.064 ng/L, ND-5.052 ng/g dry weight (d.w.), and ND-1.42 ng/g wet weight (w.w.), respectively. The major compounds were sulfadiazine (SDZ), sulfamerazine (SMZ), and sulfamethoxazole (SMX) in water and fish. The SA levels of in fish from different habitat preferences revealed a spatial difference, with the order of demersal species > pelagic species. Moreover, the SA concentrations were affected by trophic guilds, indicating their decrease in the order of piscivorous fish > omnivorous fish > planktivorous fish > herbivorous fish. The obtained bioaccumulation factors showed that SMZ and SMX have strong bioenrichments in Ophiocephalus argus Cantor and Pelteobagrus fulvidraco. The risk assessment indicated that SAs did not pose significant health threats to the organisms. This research is the first report of SA contamination in the Hangbu-Fenle River, which can provide an important scientific basis for their pollution prevention and ecological risk assessment in the aquatic environment.

4.
Leuk Res ; 105: 106574, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836480

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are known inflammatory markers of severe infection; however, their ability to differentiate between infections of different origins is not clear yet. In this study, we evaluated PCT and CRP as markers of infection in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients. METHODS: Blood samples were collected to determine serum concentrations of PCT, CRP, d-Dimer, and to perform blood culture analysis. Based on blood culture results, the patients were divided into two groups-positive blood culture (n = 271) patients and negative blood culture patients (n = 668); the negative blood culture group served as the control. The positive blood culture group was further divided into three groups based on the etiological agent of infection. PCT and CRP concentrations were compared, and ROC curve, sensitivity, specificity, and cutoff values were calculated. RESULTS: PCT levels in infected patients were significantly higher than those in control patients (p < 0.001); similarly, CRP and d-Dimer levels were also higher among infected patients when compared with those in the controls. A PCT level of 0.51 ng/mL was the best threshold for detecting the infection, with an AUC-ROC of 0.877, whereas the best threshold for CRP was 49.20 mg/L. PCT levels were the highest in patients with gram-negative bacteremia as compared to in those with gram-positive bacteremia and fungal infection. The optimal cutoff value of PCT for the detection of gram-negative and gram-positive infection was 1.63 ng/mL. CONCLUSION: PCT seems to be a useful marker for the diagnosis of systemic infection in HSCT patients, probably better than CRP and d-Dimer.

6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 627395, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790859

RESUMO

Objective: Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) is a member of the TGF-ß superfamily that has anti-inflammatory properties. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between circulating GDF-15 levels and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials/Methods: A case-control study was performed in which 402 patients with type 2 diabetes were enrolled. Of these, 171 patients had DR and the remaining 231 patients without DR acted as controls. The plasma GDF-15 levels were measured using ELISA, while DR was diagnosed using the canon ophthalmic digital imaging system and the Canon EOS 10D digital camera (Canon, Tokyo, Japan) through a non-pharmacologically dilated pupil. Results: The levels of GDF-15 were significantly higher in patients with DR [168.9 (112.9-228.3) pg/ml vs. 127.8 (96.1-202.8) pg/ml, P < 0.001] compared to controls. Results of the Spearman correlation analysis showed that the GDF-15 levels were positively associated with the duration of diabetes morbidity, fasting plasma glucose, systolic blood pressure, albumin/creatinine ratio, creatinine, and liver enzymes, but negatively associated with eGFR (both P < 0.001). The participants in the highest GDF-15 quartile had a significantly increased risk for DR (OR = 2.15, 95% CI 1.53-3.02) after adjusting for potential cofounders. Conclusions: The circulating GDF-15 levels are positively associated with DR independent of potential cofounders.

7.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-10, 2021 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33779429

RESUMO

Liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma are the late stage of liver fibrosis. How to early use drugs to intervene in liver fibrosis is a prerequisite for the reversal of liver fibrosis. This paper mainly introduces a cell signaling transduction pathway in liver fibrosis and the intervention of natural products in order to provide theoretical basis for the treatment of liver fibrosis.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(13): e24726, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787574

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Malignant transformation arising in mature cystic teratoma (MT-MCT) is a rare neoplasm of the ovary. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological features and treatment outcome of the Han Chinese women with MT-MCT.In this retrospective study, the clinical data of patients who had been surgically treated from January 2000 to November 2019 and in whom the diagnosis of MCT was confirmed based on the pathology were included. Fourteen patients with MT-MCT from a total of 569 cases (2.46% incidence) of MCT were reviewed.The mean age of patients with MT-MCT was 51.3 (range, 31-71) years, while the mean age of patients with MCT was 45.3 (range, 17-62) years. Upon gross examination, the mean size of MT-MCT was 14.0 (range, 11-25) cm, whereas the mean size of MCT was 7.5 (range, 4-10) cm. Primary surgical staging was performed in all cases. Complete cytoreduction and suboptimal surgical resection were performed in 12 (85.7%) and 2 (14.3%) cases, respectively. Thirteen patients with malignant transformation of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) whose Federation International of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage was >1 received chemotherapy, comprising carboplatin and paclitaxel. Response to the chemotherapy regimen was complete in 12 patients; 1/12 patients died within the median follow-up period of 16.5 months. The 5-year overall survival rate and disease-free survival rates were 31.2% and 31.6%, respectively.From the data generated, we conclude that the rate of MT-MCT increases with age. The MT-MCT was much higher in women of postmenopausal age than in younger women. We described our experience of successfully treating patients with malignant transformation of SCC with primary surgical staging and adjuvant chemotherapy (cisplatin, paclitaxel, bleomycin, and etoposide) that might improve survival in patients with advanced-stage disease.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/métodos , Cistos Ovarianos/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Ovário/cirurgia , Teratoma/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , China , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Cistos Ovarianos/terapia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Teratoma/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
9.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 138: 111406, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676307

RESUMO

We previously reported that Plasmodium infection promotes antitumor immunity in a murine Lewis lung cancer. In this study, we investigated the effects of Plasmodium infection on the tumor inhibition and antitumor CD8+ T cell responses in a murine triple negative breast cancer (TNBCA) model. The results showed that Plasmodium infection significantly inhibited tumor growth, and increased the survival rate of the tumor-bearing mice. Both effector and memory CD8+ T cells were increased in peripheral blood and tumor-draining lymph node (DLN) in the infected mice. The co-stimulatory (CD40L, GITR and OX-40) and co-inhibitory (PD-1, CTLA-4, TIM-3, LAG3) immune checkpoints were up-regulated on CD8+ T cells in infected mice. Importantly, Py induced remarkable effects on the infiltration of CD8+ T cells in the tumor and granzym B+ CD8+ T cells in tumor-bearing mice while not in tumor-free mice. In summary, the results suggested that the effects of Plasmodium infection on murine 4T1 breast cancer might be related to the induction of CD8+ T cell-mediated antitumor immune responses. This finding may provide a novel strategy for the treatment of triple negative breast cancer.

10.
Neurochem Int ; 145: 105010, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684544

RESUMO

To determine whether voluntary wheel running could improve cognitive function from both the young and middle-aged APP/PS1 mice and the underlying mechanisms involved in. Young (9-weeks old) and middle-aged (24-weeks old) APP/PS1 mice were randomly assigned into control and exercise groups, respectively. Mice from exercise group had free and unlimited access to the running wheel for a total of 16 weeks. Voluntary exercise only improved cognitive function from young but not the middle-aged APP/PS1 mice. This might be owing to that in young APP/PS1 mice voluntary exercise reduced tau phosphorylation via inhibiting p-GSK3ß activity, as well as reduced neuro-inflammation and elevated key proteins involved in synaptic plasticity. Additionally, exercise also elevated circulating L-Valine, Glucosamine, Formylanthranilic acid, Myristic acid level and improved gut microbiota profiles (i.e. elevated Oscillibacter, EF097061_g, EU454870_g, EU504554_g, EU505046_g and EF096172_g and reduced Alistipes). Improved circulating metabolites and intestinal microbiome might also contribute to improved learning and memory abilities post exercise. For the middle-aged APP/PS1 mice, exercise reduced ADAM10 and GFAP protein expression in hippocampus, with no notable alterations in circulating metabolites; additionally, mice from exercise group had markedly reduced abundance of the phyla Proteobacteria and Tenericutes, genera Bacteroides and Faecalibacterium, and elevated abundance of the genera Allobaculum. It is suggested that voluntary exercise should be initiated at an early adulthood period rather than at late stage in order to prevent cognitive decline or Alzheimer's disease.

11.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 399, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767353

RESUMO

Steroid receptor coactivator 3 (SRC-3/NCoA3/AIB1), is a key regulator of gene transcription and it plays a central role in breast cancer (BC) tumorigenesis, making it a potential therapeutic target. Beyond its function as an important regulator of estrogen receptor transcriptional activity, SRC-3 also functions as a coactivator for a wide range of other transcription factors, suggesting SRC-3 inhibition can be beneficial in hormone-independent cancers as well. The recent discovery of a potent SRC-3 small molecule inhibitor, SI-2, enabled the further development of additional related compounds. SI-12 is an improved version of SI-2 that like SI-2 has anti-proliferative activity in various cancer types, including BC. Here, we sought to identify gene targets, that when inhibited in the presence of SI-12, would lead to enhanced BC cell cytotoxicity. We performed a genome-scale CRISPR-Cas9 screen in MCF-7 BC cells under conditions of pharmacological pressure with SI-12. A parallel screen was performed with an ER inhibitor, fulvestrant, to shed light on both common and distinct activities between SRC-3 and ERα inhibition. Bearing in mind the key role of SRC-3 in tumorigenesis of other types of cancer, we extended our study by validating potential hits identified from the MCF-7 screen in other cancer cell lines.

12.
Neurol India ; 69(1): 115-118, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33642281

RESUMO

Context: A host of microRNAs have been reported to suppress tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis and play roles in neurodegeneration disorders. Moreover, microRNA changes are found in the peripheral blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and brain tissues of central nervous system diseases, including glioma, Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple sclerosis, and depression. Compared with other body fluids, CSF can reflect the brain pathological processes more accurately. Aims: To understand whether microRNA expression may be misregulated in patients with PD, and further discover potential diagnostic biomarkers and promising therapeutic targets for PD. Materials and Methods: Here, through real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), we compared CSF microRNA from 15 PD patients, 11 AD patients, and 16 controls with other neurologic disorders, such as encephalitis and Guillain-Barre syndrome. Results: Finally, we identified hsa-miR-626 changes in the CSF of PD patients. The mean expression level of hsa-miR-626 was significantly reduced in the CSF of PD patients compared with AD patients and controls. Conclusions: Our approach provides a preliminary research for identifying biomarkers in the CSF that could be used for the detection, diagnosis, and monitoring of PD.

13.
Virol J ; 18(1): 60, 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: DNA vaccine is one of the research hotspots in veterinary vaccine development. Several advantages, such as cost-effectiveness, ease of design and production, good biocompatibility of plasmid DNA, attractive biosafety, and DNA stability, are found in DNA vaccines. METHODS: In this study, the plasmids expressing bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) gB, gC, and gD proteins were mixed at the same mass ratio and adsorbed polyethyleneimine (PEI) magnetic beads with a diameter of 50 nm. Further, the plasmid and PEI magnetic bead polymers were packaged into double carboxyl polyethylene glycol (PEG) 600 to use as a DNA vaccine. The prepared DNA vaccine was employed to vaccinate mice via the intranasal route. The immune responses were evaluated in mice after vaccination. RESULTS: The expression of viral proteins could be largely detected in the lung and rarely in the spleen of mice subjected to a vaccination. The examination of biochemical indicators, anal temperature, and histology indicated that the DNA vaccine was safe in vivo. However, short-time toxicity was observed. The total antibody detected with ELISA in vaccinated mice showed a higher level than PBS, DNA, PEI + DNA, and PBS groups. The antibody level was significantly elevated at the 15th week and started to decrease since the 17th week. The neutralizing antibody titer was significantly higher in DNA vaccine than naked DNA vaccinated animals. The total IgA level was much greater in the DNA vaccine group compared to other component vaccinated groups. The examination of cellular cytokines and the percentage of CD4/CD8 indicated that the prepared DNA vaccine induced a strong cellular immunity. CONCLUSION: The mixed application of plasmids expressing BoHV-1 gB/gC/gD proteins by nano-carrier through intranasal route could effectively activate long-term humoral, cellular, and mucosal immune responses at high levels in mice. These data indicate PEI magnetic beads combining with PEG600 are an efficient vector for plasmid DNA to deliver intranasally as a DNA vaccine candidate.

14.
Environ Toxicol Chem ; 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683752

RESUMO

Polychlorinated dibenzothiophenes (PCDTs) are sulfur analogues of polychlorinated dibenzofurans with prevalent occurrence in aquatic environments and potential ecological risks. However, data on the behavior and toxicity of PCDTs in aquatic organisms remain scarce. In this work, the bioaccumulation, metabolism, and oxidative damage of 4-mono-chlorinated dibenzothiophene (4-mono-CDT) in freshwater mussel (Hyriopsis cumingii) were investigated after exposure to 4-mono-CDT in semi-static water. The uptake rates, depuration rates, half-lives, and bioconcentration factors of 4-mono-CDT in hepatopancreas, gill, and muscle tissues ranged from 0.492-1.652 L·d-1 ·g-1 ·d.w., 0.117-0.308 d-1 , 2.250-5.924 d, and (2.903-8.045) × 103 L·kg-1 ·l.w., respectively. A dechlorinated metabolite (dibenzothiophene) was detected in hepatopancreas tissue, indicating that dechlorination was the main metabolic pathway of 4-mono-CDT. As the exposure time increased, the activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase were induced or inhibited in the different experimental groups. The malondialdehyde content increased with increasing 4-mono-CDT dose and exposure time. A higher concentration of 4-mono-CDT corresponded to a greater integrated biomarker response in each tissue and greater oxidative damage. The antioxidant enzymes in hepatopancreas were more sensitive to 4-mono-CDT than those in gill. The results provide useful information on the behavior and ecotoxicity of PCDTs in freshwater mussels. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

15.
Chem Res Toxicol ; 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656317

RESUMO

Pyridinium aldoximes are best-known therapeutic antidotes used for clinical treatment of poisonings by organophosphorus nerve-agents and pesticides. Recently, we found that pralidoxime (2-PAM, a currently clinically used nerve-agent antidote) could also detoxify tetrachloro-1,4-benzoquinone (TCBQ), which is a carcinogenic quinoid metabolite of the widely used wood preservative pentachlorophenol under normal physiological conditions, via an unusually mild and facile Beckmann fragmentation mechanism accompanied by radical homolysis. However, it is not clear whether the less-chlorinated benzoquinones (CnBQs, n ≤ 3) act similarly; if so, what is the structure-activity relationship? In this study, we found that (1) The stability of reaction intermediates produced by different CnBQs and 2-PAM was dependent not only on the position but also the degree of Cl-substitution on CnBQs, which can be divided into TCBQ- and DCBQ (dichloro-1,4-benzoquinone)-subgroup; (2) The pKa value of hydroxlated quinones (Cn-1BQ-OHs, the hydrolysis products of CnBQs), determined the stability of corresponding intermediates, that is, the decomposition rate of the intermediates depended on the acidity of Cn-1BQ-OHs; (3) The pKa value of the corresponding Cn-1BQ-OHs could also determine the reaction ratio of Beckmann fragmentation to radical homolysis in CnBQs/2-PAM. These new findings on the structure-activity relationship of the halogenated quinoid carcinogens detoxified by pyridinium aldoxime therapeutic agents via Beckmann fragmentation and radical homolysis reaction may have broad implications on future biomedical and environmental research.

16.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(2): 121-5, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33665997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects of tranexamic acid in arthroscope for femoroacetabular impingement. METHODS: Totally 34 patients (34 hips) with femoroacetabular impingement underwent hip arthroscopy from June 2016 to December 2018, were randomly divided into two groups named as tranexamic acid group and control group, 17 patients in each group. In TXA group, there were 10 males and 7 females, aged from 20 to 49 years old with an average of (32.1±7.6) years old;15 mg/kg TXA was intravenous drops before operation incision performed at 10 min. In control group, there were 11 males and 6 females, aged from 20 to 49 years old with an average of (30.9±6.2) years old;100 ml normal saline was intravenous drops before operation incision performed at 10 min. Introopertaive and total bloodloss between two groups were compared. Visual analogue scale (VAS) at 3 and 7 days after opertaion were used to evaluate pain relief of hip joint. Modified Harris Hip Score(mHHS) of hip joint at 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks after oeprtaion were applied to evaluate clinical effects. RESULTS: All patients were obtained follow up over 12 weeks. Incision healed well without infection and deep vein thrombosis. There were no statistical difference in opertaion time bewteen two groups(P>0.05) . Total blood loss and introopertaive blood loss in TXA group were (0.47±0.20) L and (0.18±0.08) L, while (0.66±0.22) L and (0.24±0.01) L in control group;there were statical differences between two groups (P<0.05). There were no dierences in VAS before opertaion and 7 days after opertaion between two groups (P>0.05);VAS at 3 days after opertaion in TXA group was 2.35±1.12 and 3.12±0.70 in control group, and had difference (P< 0.05). There were significance in VAS at 3 and 7 days after opertaion compared with preopertaive between two groups (P< 0.05). Postopertaive mHHS in TXA group at 3 and 6 weeks were 87.72±1.95 and 91.92±2.32, respectively;while 84.08±1.21 and 89.77±3.30 in control group;there were difference between two groups at 3 and 6 weeks after operation (P<0.05);there were no significant difference in mHHS between two groups at 9 and 12 weeks after operation(P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Preoperative application of tranexamic acid could effectively reduce blood loss in arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement, thereby improving surgical field of vision, reducing difficulty of surgical operation, which could promote early and rapid rehabilitation of hip function.


Assuntos
Impacto Femoroacetabular , Ácido Tranexâmico , Adulto , Idoso , Artroscópios , Artroscopia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Feminino , Impacto Femoroacetabular/tratamento farmacológico , Impacto Femoroacetabular/cirurgia , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 21(1): 53, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An association between hemoglobin and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been reported. However, the relationships between hemoglobin and individual MetS components remain unclear. Therefore, we investigated these associations at baseline and at the 3-year follow-up. METHODS: We enrolled 9960 middle-aged and elderly subjects (6726 women and 3234 men) and performed a 3-year follow-up cohort study. All subjects completed a questionnaire and underwent anthropometric measurements and laboratory tests. Logistic regression models were developed to assess the association between hemoglobin and MetS and its components. RESULTS: MetS was present in 45.1% of women and 41.4% of men at baseline. The hemoglobin concentration was positively correlated with SBP, DBP, TGs, WC, FPG, insulin, HOMA-IR, BMI and uric acid (p < 0.05). The mean hemoglobin concentration was higher in subjects with hypertension, high TGs, abdominal obesity or elevated FPG (p < 0.01). At follow-up, elevated hemoglobin correlated with an increased incidence and ORs for MetS, high TGs, low HDL-c, hyperuricemia and NAFLD but not abdominal obesity, BP or FPG in women. Increased hemoglobin corresponded with an increased incidence and ORs for MetS, abdominal obesity, low HDL-c, hyperuricemia and NAFLD but not BP, high TGs or FPG in men. CONCLUSIONS: Hemoglobin may play a role in predicting new-onset MetS in both women and men. Hemoglobin was notably correlated with future risk of high TGs, low HDL-c, hyperuricemia, and NAFLD among women and abdominal obesity, low HDL-c, hyperuricemia, and NAFLD among men.

18.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751124

RESUMO

CRISPR-mediated gene activation (CRISPRa) is a promising therapeutic gene editing strategy without inducing DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). However, in vivo implementation of these CRISPRa systems remains a challenge. Here, we report a compact and robust miniCas9 activator (termed miniCAFE) for in vivo activation of endogenous target genes. The system relies on recruitment of an engineered minimal nuclease-null Cas9 from Campylobacter jejuni and potent transcriptional activators to a target locus by a single guide RNA. It enables robust gene activation in human cells even with a single DNA copy and is able to promote lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans through activation of longevity-regulating genes. As proof-of-concept, delivered within an all-in-one adeno-associated virus (AAV), miniCAFE can activate Fgf21 expression in the liver and regulate energy metabolism in adult mice. Thus, miniCAFE holds great therapeutic potential against human diseases.

19.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706417

RESUMO

Among polyploid species with complex genomic architecture, variations in the regulation of alternative splicing (AS) provide opportunities for transcriptional and proteomic plasticity and the potential for generating trait diversities. However, the evolution of AS and its influence on grain development in diploid grass and valuable polyploid wheat crops are poorly understood. To address this knowledge gap, we developed a pipeline for the analysis of alternatively spliced transcript isoforms, which takes the high sequence similarity among polyploid wheat subgenomes into account. Through analysis of synteny and detection of collinearity of homoeologous subgenomes, conserved and specific AS events across five wheat and grass species were identified. A global analysis of the regulation of AS in diploid grass and polyploid wheat grains revealed diversity in AS events not only between the endosperm, pericarp and embryo overdevelopment, but also between subgenomes. Analysis of AS in homoeologous triads of polyploid wheats revealed evolutionary divergence between gene-level and transcript-level regulation of embryogenesis. Evolutionary age analysis indicated that the generation of novel transcript isoforms has occurred in young genes at a more rapid rate than in ancient genes. These findings, together with the development of comprehensive AS resources for wheat and grass species, advance understanding of the evolution of regulatory features of AS during embryogenesis and grain development in wheat.

20.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 200: 111581, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524696

RESUMO

Injectable thermosensitive hydrogel has been regarded as attractive drug delivery system, which displays a sol-gel phase transition upon injection in response to temperature. Recently, thermosensitive hydrogel has become a matter of importance in cancer therapy, providing high local drug concentration, sustained release characteristics, minimal invasiveness, and low systemic toxicities. Here, we review the extensive application of thermosensitive hydrogel in local cancer therapy, including chemotherapy, photothermal therapy, photodynamic therapy, gene therapy, chemo-photothermal combined therapy, and chemo-/immuno- combined therapy.

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