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1.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 833-839, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496530

RESUMO

An update version of the International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) guidelines for the management of traumatic dental injuries has been released in June 2020 (http://www.dentaltraumaguide.org). In this current revision, IADT has put forward a "core outcome set" (COS) for the diagnosis and treatment of dental trauma both in children and adults. The COS was developed and underpinned by a systematic review of the outcomes in the literature of dental trauma treatment. An outcome that was relevant to all traumatic dental injuries (TDI) was identified as "generic outcome" and those related only to one or more particular TDI were then included as "injury-specific outcomes". The aims of the present article are to help the dental clinicians in learning the latest version of the guideline so that they may quickly and accurately grasp the essence of the updated content and to assist them to choose the optimized treatment plan after judging and evaluating the specific clinical circumstances so as to maximize the chance of a favorable outcome.


Assuntos
Avulsão Dentária , Fraturas dos Dentes , Traumatismos Dentários , Traumatologia , Criança , Humanos , Avulsão Dentária/terapia , Traumatismos Dentários/terapia
2.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 857-865, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496533

RESUMO

Objective: To study prospectively the caries characteristics of the children who suffered severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) and received dental caries treatment under general anesthesia and to explore the related risk factors of caries recurrence after treatment. Methods: During December 2012 to August 2014, eighty-three children aged 2-4 years with S-ECC who underwent one caries treatment session under general anesthesia in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology participated in this study. Data of demographics, clinical characteristics, dietary and oral hygiene habits of the participants were collected before the treatment and 1-, 7- and 13-months after the treatment. All data were then analyzed to find out whether the factors were related to caries relapse. Results: Among the 70 children who completed 7-13 months follow-up, twenty-nine children (41%) remained caries-free and 41 children (59%) had a few caries recurrence during the observation period. All the teeth suffered different variation of caries recurrence except mandibular deciduous incisors. As for the types of caries recurrence after caries treatment under general anesthesia, the maxillary deciduous incisors usually showed secondary caries (new caries/secondary caries numbers were 1/12), the canines and first deciduous molars occurred both secondary and new caries (new caries/secondary caries numbers in canines were 12/6, in first deciduous molars were 16/12) and the second deciduous molars usually presented new caries (new caries/secondary caries numbers were 19/5). After treatment, the prone tooth surfaces of caries recurrence from high to low were: adjacent surfaces of deciduous molars (37 surfaces), occlusal surface of deciduous molars (28 surfaces), adjacent surfaces of deciduous canines (13 surfaces), buccal and lingual surfaces of deciduous molars (12 surfaces), labial and lingual surfaces of deciduous incisors (10 surfaces), labial and lingual surfaces of deciduous canines (8 surfaces) and adjacent surfaces of deciduous incisors (5 surfaces). There were no significant differences in the children's demographics and clinical characteristics between relapse and non-relapse groups (P>0.05). Patients in the relapse group had higher sugar intake frequencies than those in the non-relapse group at both 7- and 13-month follow-ups (P<0.05). Conclusions: Children of 2-4 years old with S-ECC have a high risk of caries recurrence after caries treatment under general anesthesia and need to recieve regular oral examination. During the follow-ups, the prevention and treatment of new and secondary caries of deciduous molars and secondary caries of deciduous incisors should be focused on. High frequency of sugar intake is an important risk factor of recurrent caries for children with S-ECC after caries treatment.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Anestesia Geral , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Prospectivos , Dente Decíduo
3.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 873-879, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496535

RESUMO

Objective: To record occlusal contact of primary dentition at maximal intercuspal position in children with individual normal occlusion. Methods: A total of 57 children were recruited from patients of the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Inclusion criteria were that the subjects were 3-5 years old with no visually detectable caries or pupal and periapical diseases, had complete primary dentition, had individual normal occlusion, had normal function of craniofacial system, were medically healthy, could cooperate with sampling and had obtained written informed consent from the parents or guardians. Finally, forty-seven children aged 3 to 5 years old were enrolled, including 24 males and 23 females. The age, height and weight of all subjects were (4.1±0.7) years old (ranging 3.0-5.8 years old), (103.7±7.2) cm (ranging 90-120 cm) and (17.1±2.5) kg (ranging 12.5-22.5 kg), respectively. Occlusal abilities such as occlusal contact area, average bite pressure, maximum bite pressure, maximum bite force and occlusal balance were measured with Dental Prescale Ⅱ system. Results: Maximum bite force and occlusal contact area at intercuspal position in children with primary dentition were (567.40±223.84) N (ranging 226.7-1 154.6 N) and (18.56±6.54) mm2 (ranging 8.4-41.2 mm2), respectively. There was a significantly strong correlation between maximum bite force and occlusal contact area (r=0.954, P<0.01). Height and weight of children were also positively correlated with their maximum bite force (r=0.397, P=0.022 and r=0.453, P=0.008, respectively). Maximum occlusal bite force and contact occlusal area of boys [(651.80±224.34) N and (20.77±6.97) mm2] were significantly higher and larger than those of girls [(479.34±190.45) N and (16.25±5.27) mm2] (P<0.05). Thirty-two of all 47 children had one occlusal contact point with maximum bite pressure, mostly locating within the primary molar region. Bite forces of anterior and posterior teeth of primary dentition were (124.12±56.99) N and (450.11±205.09) N, respectively, about (21.82±11.40)% and (71.80±21.35)% of maximum bite force of the whole primary dentition. All of the occlusal balance points located in posterior teeth regions. Occlusal contacts were observed at both anterior and posterior teeth of primary dentition with individual normal occlusion. Conclusions: There was a great variation of maximum bite forces of primary dentitions at intercuspal position of children with individual normal occlusion. Maximum bite force of primary dentition was significantly correlated with occlusal contact area, height and weight of children. Occlusal contact points with maximum bite pressure and occlusal bite balance points of primary dentitions mostly located in primary molar regions.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Oclusão Dentária , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dente Molar , Dente Decíduo
4.
Am J Med ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) remains an unresolved challenge. Many different diagnostic approaches are often required to diagnose, confirm, and evaluate MINOCA. The prevalence can be as high as 13 % of all acute MI patients indicating that this condition is not rare. At this time, there have been no completed randomized clinical trials involving MINOCA patients, and a better understanding of the mechanisms and management of these patients is important. This exploratory analysis seeks to find possible etiologic factors, the value of novel biomarkers, and the effect of different treatment strategies in patients with MINOCA. METHODS: This prospective randomized pilot trial will include 150 patients with MINOCA. A thorough clinical, laboratory and imaging evaluation will be performed including novel biomarkers and modern imaging techniques (heart magnetic resonance imaging and noninvasive testing). The duration of the enrollment is 18 months, duration of the follow up is 12 months from the enrollment of the first patient. RESULTS: The trial is registered under www.clinicaltrials.gov: NCT04538924. The study is currently recruiting participants. CONCLUSIONS: Since MINOCA is not a benign disease, the results of the current investigation could inform future diagnostic and therapeutic strategies and enhance the understanding of MINOCA patients.

5.
Trends Pharmacol Sci ; 42(9): 729-744, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332753

RESUMO

Myocardial ischemia or reperfusion increases the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from damaged mitochondria, NADPH oxidases, xanthine oxidase, and inflammation. ROS can be removed by eight endogenous antioxidant and redox systems, many components of which are expressed under the influence of the activated Nrf2 transcription factor. Transcriptomic profiling, sequencing of Nrf2-bound DNA, and Nrf2 gene knockout studies have revealed the power of Nrf2 beyond the antioxidant and detoxification response, from tissue recovery, repair, and remodeling, mitochondrial turnover, and metabolic reprogramming to the suppression of proinflammatory cytokines. Multifaceted regulatory mechanisms for Nrf2 protein levels or activity have been mapped to its functional domains, Nrf2-ECH homology (Neh)1-7. Oxidative stress activates Nrf2 via nuclear translocation, de novo protein translation, and increased protein stability due to removal of the Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1) checkpoint, or the inactivation of ß-transducin repeat-containing protein (ß-TrCP), or Hmg-CoA reductase degradation protein 1 (Hrd1). The promise of small-molecule Nrf2 inducers from natural products or derivatives is discussed here. Experimental evidence is presented to support Nrf2 as a lead target for drug development to further improve the treatment outcome for myocardial infarction (MI).


Assuntos
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Estresse Oxidativo , Antioxidantes , Humanos , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
6.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(5): 553-562, 2021 May 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034475

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between insulin resistance, glucose and lipid metabolism related molecules and colorectal polyps. Methods: A total of 262 healthy people who underwent colonoscopy in Shandong cancer hospital from June 2019 to September 2020 were selected. The levels of serum vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19), insulin like growth factor (IGF-1), fasting blood glucose and fasting blood insulin were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was calculated, and the influencing factors of occurrence, pathological type, size and number of polyps were analyzed. Results: Among 262 cases, 116 cases were polyp free, 113 cases were adenomatous polyp and 33 cases were inflammatory polyp. HOMA-IR, VCAM-1 and FGF19 in polyp group were 2.904±1.754, (334.415±139.573) ng/ml and (135.865±98.470) pg/ml, respectively, which were higher than 2.369±1.306, (302.480±99.946) ng/ml and(110.694±76.044) ng/ml in non-polyp group, respectively (P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the gender (OR=4.269, 95%CI: 1.963-9.405) and FGF19 (77.0-131.4 pg/ml: OR=2.385, 95%CI: 1.155-4.926) were independent factors of colorectal polyps. The gender (OR=3.799, 95%CI: 1.650-8.748) and FGF19 (77.0-131.4 pg/ml: OR=2.290, 95%CI: 1.072-4.891) were independent factors of colorectal adenomatous polyps. The gender(OR=6.725, 95%CI: 1.853-24.410) and fasting plasma glucose (≥6.5 mmol/L: OR=0.047, 95%CI: 0.009-0.245) were independent factors of colorectal inflammatory polyps. The gender (OR=3.539, 95% CI: 1.293-9.689) was an independent factor for the occurrence of single polyp. The gender (OR=5.063, 95% CI: 2.048-12.515), FGF19 (77.0-131.4 pg/ml: OR=2.502, 95%CI: 1.102-5.681), fasting plasma glucose (≥6.5 mmol/L: OR=0.282, 95%CI: 0.095-0.839) were independent factors of multiple polyps. The gender (OR=3.416, 95% CI: 1.134-10.289) and fasting insulin (≥9.4 µU/ml: OR=9.480, 95% CI: 1.485-60.521) were independent risk factors for colorectal polyps<0.5 cm. The gender (OR=3.151, 95%CI: 1.244-7.984) and fasting plasma glucose (≥6.5 mmol/L: OR=0.310, 95%CI: 0.102-0.941) were independent risk factors for colorectal polyps with the size of 0.5-0.9 cm. The gender (OR=22.649, 95%CI: 4.154-123.485), age (55 to 64 years old: OR=4.473, 95%CI: 1.070-18.704; ≥65 years old: OR=5.815, 95%CI: 1.300-26.009), BMI (≥28 kg/m(2): OR=5.310, 95%CI: 1.224-23.032) and FGF19 (77.0-131.4 pg/ml: OR=7.474, 95%CI: 1.903-29.351) were independent factors for colorectal polyps with size ≥ 1.0 cm. Gender stratification analysis showed that FGF19 was an independent factor for the occurrence of male polyps (77.0-131.4 pg/ml: OR=6.109, 95%CI: 1.688-22.104) and adenomas (77.0-131.4 pg/ml: OR=6.401, 95%CI: 1.717-23.864). The age (55 to 64 years old: OR=3.783, 95%CI: 1.052-13.611) and VCAM-1 (≥352.8 ng/ml: OR=4.341, 95%CI: 1.142-16.493) were independent risk factors of female polyps. The age (55 to 64 years old: OR=5.743, 95%CI: 1.205-27.362, ≥65 years old: OR=6.885, 95%CI: 1.143-41.467), VCAM-1 (≥352.8 ng/ml: OR=6.313, 95%CI: 1.415-28.159) and IGF-1 (≥7.6 ng/ml: OR=5.621, 95%CI: 1.069-29.543) were independent factors of female adenoma. Conclusions: The occurrences of colorectal polyps and adenomatous polyps are related to insulin resistance and glucose and lipid metabolism. Serum FGF19 is an independent influencing factor for the occurrence of colorectal polyps and adenomatous polyps, and is a potential serological diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for colorectal polyps and adenomatous polyps.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Pólipos do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Resistência à Insulina , Idoso , Feminino , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular
7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(20): 1513-1517, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34044519

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the therapeutic effect of transperitoneal transmesenteric approach versus paracolic sulci approach laparoscopic adrenal tumorectomy for treatment of left-sided primary hyperaldosteronism. Methods: From January 2017 to July 2019, the clinical data of 70 patients with left-sided primary hyperaldosteronism (PHA) who underwent surgery in the First Hospital of Lanzhou University and five other hospitals in Gansu Province were retrospectively analyzed. There are 43 male and 27 female patients. Among them,28 patients were performed transperitoneal transmesenteric approach laparoscopic adrenal tumorectomy and 42 patients were performed transperitoneal paracolic sulci approach laparoscopic adrenal tumorectomy. The general information and perioperative data of the two groups were compared. Results: All 70 cases of surgery were successfully completed. As compared with the paracolic sulci approach group, the operation time was significantly shorter in the transmesenteric approach group[(26.7±8.8)vs (38.9±7.1)min,P<0.001)], and the estimated blood loss was less in the transmesenteric approach group[45(30,50) vs 50(40,60)ml,P=0.042]. There was no statistically significant difference in the postoperative hospitalization days between the two groups[(4.4±1.0)vs(4.5±1.0)d, P=0.669)]. The electrolytes and aldosterone to renin ratio returned to a healthy level in the postoperative one month, and the blood pressure also returned to a healthy level in 53 (75.7%) patients. Conclusion: Transperitoneal transmesenteric approach laparoscopic adrenal tumorectomy is safe and feasible, with a short operation time and relatively less estimated blood loss.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais , Hiperaldosteronismo , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Adrenalectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperaldosteronismo/cirurgia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Redox Biol ; 41: 101906, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676361

RESUMO

Oxidative stress is ubiquitously involved in disease etiology or progression. While the damaging effects have been well characterized, how cells deal with oxidative stress for prevention or removal of damage remains to be fully elucidated. Works from our laboratory have revealed de novo Nrf2 protein translation when cells are encountering low to mild levels of oxidative stress. Nrf2 encodes a transcription factor controlling a myriad of genes important for antioxidation, detoxification, wound repair and tissue remodeling. Here we report a role of FUBP1 in regulating de novo Nrf2 protein translation. An increase of FUBP1 binding to Nrf2 5'UTR due to H2O2 treatment has been found by LC-MS/MS, Far Western blot and ribonucleoprotein immunoprecipitation assays. Blocking FUBP1 expression using siRNA abolished H2O2 from inducing Nrf2 protein elevation or Nrf2 5'UTR activity. While no nuclear to cytoplasmic translocation was detected, cytosolic redistribution to the ribosomal fractions was observed due to oxidant treatment. The presence of FUBP1 in 40/43S ribosomal fractions confirm its involvement in translation initiation of Nrf2 protein. When tested by co-immunoprecipitation with eIF4E, eIF2a, eIF3η and eIF1, only eIF3η was found to gain physical interaction with FUBP1 due to H2O2 treatment. Our data support a role of FUBP1 for promoting the attachment of 40S ribosomal subunit to Nrf2 mRNA and formation of 43S pre-initiation complex for translation initiation of Nrf2 protein under oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Proteínas de Transporte , Cromatografia Líquida , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
9.
Rhinology ; 59(2): 133-143, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078172

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although neglected by science for a long time, the sense of olfaction has received increasing attention from research areas including psychology, neuroscience, clinical medicine and nutrition. With the rise of psychophysical and neuroimaging re- search into olfaction, psychometric tools (e.g. questionnaires and scales) are the basis for the quantitative exploration of inter-in- dividual variability regarding olfactory related responses. The current systematic review is to summarize existing olfaction related questionnaires and/or scales. METHODS: Peer-reviewed literature on scales and questionnaires related to perception of odors were searched from online databa- ses (PubMed, Web of Science and PsycINFO). Twenty-one articles that meet the following criteria were included in the review: "human species", "physical odor stimuli" and "describing the original development of the tool" and "specific focus on olfaction or odor related responses or behaviors". The psychometric properties, advantages and possible disadvantages were discussed. RESULTS: Existing psychometric measures focus on various aspects of olfactory related responses and behaviors, including af- fective experiences of odor perception, awareness and attitude towards olfaction, olfactory function and the quality of life change due to olfactory dysfunction, and the ability to create vivid mental odor images. While most of them have been tested to have good reliability and validity, some were relatively time-consuming due to the number of questionnaire items. Besides, although many measures have been used in clinical populations, few have provided information on the predictive validity regarding effecti- veness of clinical intervention on changes of certain responses or behaviors. SUMMARY: The current review provides an overview of olfactory related questionnaires and scales, highlighting the emotional and affective impact of olfaction and the impact on quality of life due to olfactory dysfunction. With growing interest in olfaction as an important sense, the development and use of psychometrically sound measurements in conjunction with objective assess- ments will advance our understanding of human olfaction and olfactory dysfunction. The review provides a guide for researchers and clinicians alike to select olfactory scales suitable for olfactory research with different experimental purposes and specific samples.


Assuntos
Percepção Olfatória , Olfato , Humanos , Odorantes , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Adv Mater ; 32(49): e2003492, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150643

RESUMO

Approaches to safely and effectively augment cellular functions without compromising the inherent biological properties of the cells, especially through the integration of biologically labile domains, remain of great interest. Here, a versatile strategy to assemble biologically active nanocomplexes, including proteins, DNA, mRNA, and even viral carriers, on cellular surfaces to generate a cell-based hybrid system referred to as "Cellnex" is established. This strategy can be used to engineer a wide range of cell types used in adoptive cell transfers, including erythrocytes, macrophages, NK cells, T cells, etc. Erythrocytenex can enhance the delivery of cargo proteins to the lungs in vivo by 11-fold as compared to the free cargo counterpart. Biomimetic microfluidic experiments and modeling provided detailed insights into the targeting mechanism. In addition, Macrophagenex is capable of enhancing the therapeutic efficiency of anti-PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors in vivo. This simple and adaptable approach may offer a platform for the rapid generation of complex cellular systems.

11.
Phys Rev E ; 102(4-1): 042132, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212739

RESUMO

The Kitaev model on the honeycomb lattice has been receiving substantial attention due to the discovery of quantum spin liquid state associated with this model. Consequently, its classical partners such as the Kitaev-Heisenberg (KH) model and associated phase transitions become concerned. Specifically, an intermediate Kosterlitz-Thouless (KT) phase engaged in the transition from the high-temperature (T) disordered state to the low-T sixfold degenerate state is predicted in the isotropic KH model [Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 187201 (2012)10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.187201], but so far no sufficient experimental proof has been reported. In this work, we consider an essential extension of this KH model on the honeycomb lattice by including the Kitaev exchange anisotropy that is non-negligible in realistic materials. The associated phase transitions are thus investigated using the Monte Carlo simulations. It is found that such an anisotropy will result in a degradation of the sixfold degeneracy of the ground state in the isotropic KH model down to the fourfold or twofold degenerate ground state, and the finite-T phase transitions will also be modified remarkably. Interestingly, the intermediate KT phase can be suppressed by this Kitaev exchange anisotropy. This work thus provides a more realistic description of the physics ingredient with the KH model and presents a possible explanation on absence of the intermediate phase in real materials where the Kitaev exchange anisotropy can be more or less available.

12.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(9): 639-646, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878399

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the caries experience and the kinds of dental treatment between children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and children without systemic disease who were all treated under general anesthesia. Methods: Totally 103 children with ASD who received dental treatments under general anesthesia in 13 professional dental hospitals around China from April to November 2016 were included in the present study. A group of 97 children without systemic disease, according to the age, gender and application propensity score matching method, were chosen as controls, who received dental treatments under general anesthesia between January 2015 to November 2018 in the same hospitals as the children with ASD. Decay missing filling tooth (DMFT/dmft, DMFT for permanent teeth and dmft for primary teeth) indices of two groups of children and the contents of the dental treatments under general anesthesia were analyzed. Results: No significant difference of DMFT/dmft index ï¼»M (Q 25, Q 75)ï¼½ was found between children with ASD group ï¼»0 (0, 3)/11(8, 14)ï¼½ and control group ï¼»0 (0, 3)/9(7, 13)ï¼½ (P>0.05). The average number of dental treatments under general anesthesia and the average number of endodontic treatment in children with ASD were 13 (11, 15) and 3 (2, 6) teeth respectively, while those in the control group were 12 (9, 14) and 2 (1, 4) teeth respectively, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.01, P<0.05). Conclusions: No significant difference was found between children with ASD and the normal controls who receive dental treatments under general anesthesia in DMFT/dmft index, but the treatment needs of children with ASD is relatively higher, and their tooth decay is relatively severer.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Cárie Dentária , Anestesia Geral , Criança , China , Índice CPO , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Dente Decíduo
13.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(10): 796-801, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987457

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of high-risk neuroblastoma (HR-NB) in a single center, analyze the prognostic factors of HR-NB. Methods: The clinical data of children with HR-NB who were treated and followed up at the hematology-oncology center of Beijing Children's Hospital from February 1, 2007 to June 30, 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical features were summarized. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis and Cox regression was used to analyze the prognostic factors. The last follow-up time was June 30, 2019. Results: A total of 458 children with HR-NB were enrolled in this study, including 265 males (57.9%) and 193 females (42.1%), the age at diagnosis was 40.0 months (4.5-148.0 months), the follow-up time was 22.0 months (0.2-138.0 months) and the time of tumor progression or recurrence was 15 months (1-72 months). The 5-year event-free survival (EFS) rate was (31.2±2.6)% and the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was (43.9±3.2)%. The 5-year EFS rate and 5-year OS rate in 142 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients with bone marrow metastases were better than that in 196 non-transplantation cases with bone marrow metastases ((26.5±4.5)% vs. (25.1±3.6)%, χ²=13.773, P=0.001; (38.1±5.5)% vs. (35.7±4.7)%, χ²=9.235, P=0.002); 128 transplantation patients with bone metastases had higher 5-year EFS rate and 5-year OS rate than 188 non-transplantation cases with bone metastases ((28.5±5.0)% vs. (26.7±3.8)%, χ²=10.222, P=0.001; (37.1±6.0)% vs. (36.2±4.8)%, χ²=7.843, P=0.005). The 5-year EFS rate was higher in 37 HSCT patients with MYCN amplification than in 49 non-transplantation cases with MYCN amplification ((26.8±8.0) % vs. (20.5±6.4) %, χ²=5.732, P=0.017). No significant difference was found in 5-years OS rate between transplantation group with MYCN amplification and non-transplantation group with MYCN amplification ((31.4±8.6) % vs. (26.2±7.4) %, χ²=3.230, P=0.072). Univariate survival analysis showed that lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)≥1 500 U/L was associated with poor prognosis of patients with MYCN amplification (χ²=6.960, P=0.008). Multivariate Cox analysis showed bone marrow metastasis and LDH≥1 500 U/L were independent risk factors for poor prognosis of patients with non-MYCN amplification (HR=2.427, 1.618;95%CI:1.427-4.126, 1.275-2.054, P<0.05) for both comparisons. Conclusions: LDH≥1 500 U/L was the poor prognostic factor for patients with MYCN amplification. The bone marrow metastasis and LDH≥1 500 U/L were the poor prognostic factors for HR-NB patients with non-MYCN amplification. HSCT can improve the prognosis of patients with bone or bone marrow metastasis. It can also retard the time of progression or recurrence for patients with MYCN amplification.


Assuntos
Neuroblastoma , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neuroblastoma/diagnóstico , Neuroblastoma/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Nutrients ; 12(8)2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718091

RESUMO

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the preferred treatment for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) secondary to atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. This nonsurgical procedure is also used for selective patients with stable angina. Although the procedure is essential for restoring blood flow, reperfusion can increase oxidative stress as a side effect. We address whether intravenous infusion of vitamin C (VC) prior to PCI provides a benefit for cardioprotection. A total of eight randomized controlled trials (RCT) reported in the literature were selected from 371 publications through systematic literature searches in six electronic databases. The data of VC effect on cardiac injury biomarkers and cardiac function were extracted from these trials adding up to a total of 1185 patients. VC administration reduced cardiac injury as measured by troponin and CK-MB elevations, along with increased antioxidant reservoir, reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) and decreased inflammatory markers. Improvement of the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and telediastolic left ventricular volume (TLVV) showed a trend but inconclusive association with VC. Intravenous infusion of VC before PCI may serve as an effective method for cardioprotection against reperfusion injury.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/administração & dosagem , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/etiologia , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Creatina Quinase Forma MB , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Volume Sistólico , Troponina , Função Ventricular Esquerda
16.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 48(4): 360-367, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32331798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aims to access the efficacy of nasal saline irrigation in the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) in adults and children. METHODS: Two authors independently searched databases up to December 2018. Differences in efficacy between saline irrigation and other treatments were compared. Subgroup analyses of discrepancy in effects between children and adults were performed. RESULTS: (1) Saline irrigation vs. no irrigation, in both children and adults groups, saline irrigation showed significant efficacy. (2) Saline+medication vs. medication, in children group, there was no statistical difference of efficacy between saline+medication and medication; in adults group, efficacy of saline+medicine was superior to that of medication. (3) Saline irrigation vs. medication, in children group, there was no statistical difference between efficacy of saline irrigation and medication; in adults group, efficacy of medication was superior to that of saline irrigation. (4) Hypertonic saline vs. isotonic saline, for children, efficacy of hypertonic saline was superior to that of isotonic saline. Additionally, no adults reported adverse events in all trials. Adverse effects were reported during the first nasal irrigation in 20 children, and one child withdrew due to adverse reactions. CONCLUSIONS: Saline irrigation can significantly improve symptoms of AR in children and adults. Saline irrigation can serve as a safe adjunctive treatment to medication of AR in adults. Saline irrigation can be an alternative therapy for children and pregnant women with AR. Efficacy of hypertonic saline may be better than that of isotonic saline in treating AR of children.


Assuntos
Lavagem Nasal/métodos , Rinite Alérgica/terapia , Solução Salina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
17.
J Control Release ; 323: 475-482, 2020 07 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339547

RESUMO

Skin diseases such as lupus, cancer, psoriasis, and hyperhidrosis can potentially be treated effectively by suppressing allele-specific genes using small interfering RNA (siRNA). Injections of siRNA into skin, though effective, are painful and cover small surface areas and thus are not suitable as a long-term treatment option. Topical delivery of siRNA is an attractive alternative option to mediate RNA interference (RNAi). However, the barrier function of the epidermis impedes effective permeation of siRNA into the skin. Herein, we describe topical delivery of siRNA using ionic liquids (ILs) capable of complexing with siRNA non-covalently and delivering it effectively. Using complementary and synergistic strategies of ionic liquids, we report delivery of effective doses of siRNA into skin. The first strategy involved the use of hydrophobic cations to robe the siRNA and the second strategy involved the use of choline-geranic acid ionic liquid (CAGE) to enhance its dermal penetration. In vitro studies in porcine skin confirmed the synergistic effect of these strategies in enhancing epidermal and dermal penetration. In vivo application of siRNA formulation to SKH-1E hairless mice significantly suppressed GAPDH expression with no clinical evidence of toxicity. This is a simple, personalized, and scalable platform for effective topical delivery of siRNA for treating genetic skin diseases.


Assuntos
Líquidos Iônicos , Administração Cutânea , Animais , Camundongos , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Pele/metabolismo , Absorção Cutânea , Suínos
19.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; 34(6): e22484, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196851

RESUMO

Statins are among the most commonly prescribed drugs for the treatment of high blood cholesterol. Myotoxicity of statins in certain individuals is often a severe side effect leading to withdrawal. Using C2C12 and H9c2 cells, both exhibiting characteristics of skeletal muscle cells, we addressed whether resveratrol (RSV) can prevent statin toxicity. Statins decreased cell viability in a dose and time-dependent manner. Among the five statins tested, atorvastatin, simvastatin, lovastatin, pravastatin, and fluvastatin, simvastatin is the most toxic one. Simvastatin at 10 µM caused about 65% loss of metabolic activity as measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assays in C2C12 cells or H9c2 cells. Inhibition of metabolic activity correlates with an increase in caspase activity. RSV was found to protect H9c2 cells from simvastatin-induced activation of caspase-3/7. However, such protection was not found in C2C12 cells. This cell type-dependent effect of RSV adds to the complexity in muscle cell toxicity of statins.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Mioblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Animais , Atorvastatina/efeitos adversos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 7/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Fluvastatina/efeitos adversos , Lovastatina/efeitos adversos , Camundongos , Mioblastos/metabolismo , Pravastatina/efeitos adversos , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinvastatina/efeitos adversos
20.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(1): 46-53, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550335

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the bonding durability of three different self-etch adhesives to primary enamel and dentin, and to investigate the effect of mild salivary contamination followed by air drying on the bonding durability. METHODS: Two hundred and forty enamel specimens were divided randomly into 16 groups (n=15/group)according to the adhesive system [self-etch adhesives: Clearfil SE Bond(SE), AdperTM Easy One (EO), Scotchbond Universal (SBU); total-etch adhesive: AdperTM Single Bond Plus(SL)], contamination status (non-contaminated vs. salivary-contaminated) and storage condition (stored in distilled water for 24 h vs. aging mode 5 000 thermal cycles in 5 ℃ and 55 ℃). Two hundred and forty dentin specimens were assigned in the same way. Shear bond strength for 12 specimens in each group were measured. The adhesive interface for the residual specimens in each group was observed by scanning electron microscopy(SEM). Data were analyzed by three-way analysis of variance and Tukey test(P < 0.05). RESULTS: For primary enamel, total-etch adhesive showed higher initial shear bond strength values (28.92±1.83) MPa and shear bond strength values (27.27±3.03) MPa after thermal cycles compared with the other groups, and the difference between the groups was statistically significant (P < 0.01). Shear bond strength values of EO decreased significantly in salivary-treated groups, regardless of storage conditions, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). For primary dentin, shear bond strength values of EO decreased significantly in salivary-treated groups after 24 h (P < 0.01). After 5 000 thermal cycles, total-etch adhesive showed significantly lower shear bond strength values (14.31±1.97) MPa compared with the other groups, and the difference between the groups was statistically significant (P < 0.01), and shear bond strength values of EO were significantly lower than those in SE and SBU groups (P < 0.01), regardless of contamination status. CONCLUSION: Total-etch adhesive SL has better bonding durability to primary enamel. SE and SBU have better bonding durability to primary dentin and have a certain resistance to salivary contamination, while the bonding performance of EO is compromised greatly by mild salivary contamination followed by air drying.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Adesivos , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Dente Decíduo
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