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1.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 166, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An unexpected dengue outbreak occurred in Hunan Province in 2018. This was the first dengue outbreak in this area of inland China, and 172 cases were reported. METHODS: To verify the causative agent of this outbreak and characterise the viral genes, the genes encoding the structural proteins C/prM/E of viruses isolated from local residents were sequenced followed by mutation and phylogenetic analysis. Recombination, selection pressure, potential secondary structure and three-dimensional structure analyses were also performed. RESULTS: Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all epidemic strains were of the cosmopolitan DENV-2 genotype and were most closely related to the Zhejiang strain (MH010629, 2017) and then the Malaysia strain (KJ806803, 2013). Compared with the sequence of DENV-2SS, 151 base substitutions were found in the sequences of 89 isolates; these substitutions resulted in 20 non-synonymous mutations, of which 17 mutations existed in all samples (two in the capsid protein, six in the prM/M proteins, and nine in the envelope proteins). Moreover, amino acid substitutions at the 602nd (E322:Q → H) and 670th (E390: N → S) amino acids may have enhanced the virulence of the epidemic strains. One new DNA binding site and five new protein binding sites were observed. Two polynucleotide binding sites and seven protein binding sites were lost in the epidemic strains compared with DENV-2SS. Meanwhile, five changes were found in helical regions. Minor changes were observed in helical transmembrane and disordered regions. The 429th amino acid of the E protein switched from a histamine (positively charged) to an asparagine (neutral) in all 89 isolated strains. No recombination events or positive selection pressure sites were observed. To our knowledge, this study is the first to analyse the genetic characteristics of epidemic strains in the first dengue outbreak in Hunan Province in inland China. CONCLUSIONS: The causative agent is likely to come from Zhejiang Province, a neighbouring province where dengue fever broke out in 2017. This study may help clarify the intrinsic geographical relatedness of DENV-2 and contribute to further research on pathogenicity and vaccine development.

2.
Chemosphere ; 271: 129580, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460904

RESUMO

In this paper, two level III fugacity models are developed and applied using an environmental system containing six compartments, including air, aerosols, soil, water, suspended particulate matters (SPMs), and sediments, as a "unit world". The first model, assumes equilibrium between air and aerosols and between water and SPMs. These assumptions lead to a four-fugacity model. The second model removes these two assumptions leading to a six-fugacity model. The two models, compared using four PBDE congeners, BDE-28, -99, -153, and -209, with a steady flux of gaseous congeners entering the air, lead to the following conclusions. 1. When the octanol-air partition coefficient (KOA) is less than 1011.4, the two models produce similar results; when KOA > 1011.4, and especially when KOA > 1012.5, the model results diverge significantly. 2. Chemicals are in an imposed equilibrium in the four-fugacity model, but in a steady state and not necessary an equilibrium in the six-fugacity model, between air and aerosols. 3. The results from the six-fugacity model indicate an internally consistent system with chemicals in steady state in all six compartments, whereas the four-fugacity model presents an internally inconsistent system where chemicals are in equilibrium but not a steady state between air and aerosols. 4. Chemicals are mass balanced in air and aerosols predicted by the six-fugacity model but not by the four-fugacity model. If the mass balance in air and aerosols is achieved in the four-fugacity model, the condition of equilibrium between air and aerosols will be no longer valid.

3.
Nutrition ; 83: 111058, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33360033

RESUMO

Substance abuse is a chronic relapsing disorder that results in serious health and socioeconomic issues worldwide. Addictive drugs induce long-lasting morphologic and functional changes in brain circuits and account for the formation of compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behaviors. Yet, there remains a lack of reliable therapy. In recent years, accumulating evidence indicated that neuroinflammation was implicated in the development of drug addiction. Findings from both our and other laboratories suggest that ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are effective in treating neuroinflammation-related mental diseases, and indicate that they could exert positive effects in treating drug addiction. Thus, in the present review, we summarized and evaluated recently published articles reporting the neuroinflammation mechanism in drug addiction and the immune regulatory ability of ω-3 PUFAs. We also sought to identify some of the challenges ahead in the translation of ω-3 PUFAs into addiction treatment.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314677

RESUMO

During a long-duration manned spaceflight mission, such as flying to Mars and beyond, all crew members will spend a long period in an independent spacecraft with closed-loop bioregenerative life-support systems. Saving resources and reducing medical risks, particularly in mental heath, are key technology gaps hampering human expedition into deep space. In the 1960s, several scientists proposed that an induced state of suppressed metabolism in humans, which mimics 'hibernation', could be an ideal solution to cope with many issues during spaceflight. In recent years, with the introduction of specific methods, it is becoming more feasible to induce an artificial hibernation-like state (synthetic torpor) in non-hibernating species. Natural torpor is a fascinating, yet enigmatic, physiological process in which metabolic rate (MR), body core temperature (Tb ) and behavioural activity are reduced to save energy during harsh seasonal conditions. It employs a complex central neural network to orchestrate a homeostatic state of hypometabolism, hypothermia and hypoactivity in response to environmental challenges. The anatomical and functional connections within the central nervous system (CNS) lie at the heart of controlling synthetic torpor. Although progress has been made, the precise mechanisms underlying the active regulation of the torpor-arousal transition, and their profound influence on neural function and behaviour, which are critical concerns for safe and reversible human torpor, remain poorly understood. In this review, we place particular emphasis on elaborating the central nervous mechanism orchestrating the torpor-arousal transition in both non-flying hibernating mammals and non-hibernating species, and aim to provide translational insights into long-duration manned spaceflight. In addition, identifying difficulties and challenges ahead will underscore important concerns in engineering synthetic torpor in humans. We believe that synthetic torpor may not be the only option for manned long-duration spaceflight, but it is the most achievable solution in the foreseeable future. Translating the available knowledge from natural torpor research will not only benefit manned spaceflight, but also many clinical settings attempting to manipulate energy metabolism and neurobehavioural functions.

5.
Ann Palliat Med ; 9(6): 3877-3884, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maintenance hemodialysis is the main therapy for clinical treatment of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The aim of this study was to analyze the current status of the economic burden levied on families with members who are maintenance hemodialysis patients in Nanchong, and the related influencing factors. METHODS: A total of 111 patients with ESRD who were admitted to our hospital from April 2018 to April 2020 and treated with maintenance hemodialysis were selected as research subjects. A questionnaire survey was adopted as a data collection and interview method to observe the economic burden of families with a member who was a maintenance hemodialysis patient. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent risk factors that affect this economic burden. RESULTS: The direct economic burden, indirect economic burden, and average annual total economic burden (the sum of the direct economic burden and indirect economic burden of hemodialysis patients) of patients in the resident medical insurance group were significantly higher than those in the employee medical insurance group, resident medical insurance + poverty relief group, and employee medical insurance + poverty relief group (P<0.05). The analysis of the unconditional multifactor logistic regression model showed that age, occupation, monthly family income, and medical insurance type were independent risk factors that affected the average annual total economic burden of patients with maintenance hemodialysis (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Various medical insurance systems can effectively reduce the economic burden of hemodialysis patients, but patients must still bear significant financial hardship. It is necessary to further improve the medical insurance for patients with hemodialysis and increase management efforts to popularize the poverty relief policy.

6.
Oncol Rep ; 44(5): 2174-2184, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000262

RESUMO

Tricellulin is a tight­junction transmembrane protein that regulates cell­cell interactions. Altered tricellulin expression could promote tumor cell invasions and metastasis in human cancers. The present study assessed tricellulin expression in colorectal cancer tissues for any association with clinicopathological features of colorectal cancer patients and then investigated the underlying molecular events using quantitative proteomic analysis and in vitro experiments. Tissue samples from 98 colorectal cancer patients and 15 volunteers were collected for immunohistochemistry. Colorectal cell lines were used to overexpress or knockdown tricellulin expression in various assays. The data revealed that upregulated tricellulin expression was associated with lymph node and distant metastases and poor prognosis, while tricellulin overexpression promoted colorectal cancer cell migration and invasion in vitro. In contrast, tricellulin knockdown had positive effects on the tumor cells. Furthermore, TMT­LC­MS/MS and bioinformatics analyses revealed that tricellulin was involved in EMT and reduction of apoptosis through the NF­κB signaling pathway. These findings highlight for the first time the significance of tricellulin in colorectal cancer development and progression. Further study may validate tricellulin as a novel biomarker and target for colorectal cancer.

7.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; : e22615, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32864822

RESUMO

Our experiments have previously demonstrated that rutin (RUT) can improve myocardial damage caused by pirarubicin (THP). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain uncertain. In this study, we developed an microRNA (miRNA) chip by replicating the rat model of THP-induced myocardial injury and identified miR-22-5p and the RAP1-member of RAS oncogene family/extracellular regulated protein kinases (RAP1/ERK) signaling pathway as an object of study. Also, in vivo experiments demonstrated that THP caused abnormal changes in the electrocardiogram, cardiac function, and histomorphology in rats (P < .01). THP also reduces the expression of miR-22-5p (P < .01) and increases the levels of RAP1/ERK signaling pathway-related proteins (P < .01, P < .05). RUT significantly improved THP-induced myocardial damage (P < .01), increased the expression of miR-22-5p (P < .01), and decreased the levels of RAP1/ERK signaling pathway-related proteins (P < .01, P < .05). In vitro studies confirmed that Rap1a is one of the target genes of miR-22-5p. miR-22-5p overexpression in cardiomyocytes can affect the RAP1/ERK pathway and reduce reactive oxygen species production and cardiomyocyte apoptosis caused by THP (P < .01), which is consistent with the effect of RUT. Our results indicate that RUT treats THP-induced myocardial damage, which may be achieved by upregulating miR-22-5p, causing changes in its target gene Rap1a and the RAP1/ERK pathway.

8.
J Int Med Res ; 48(9): 300060520953234, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32961078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate hub genes and their prognostic value in colon cancer via bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of expression profiles (GSE33113, GSE20916, and GSE37364) obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) were identified using the GEO2R tool and Venn diagram software. Function and pathway enrichment analyses were performed, and a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed. Hub genes were verified based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Human Protein Atlas (HPA) databases. RESULTS: We identified 207 DEGs, 62 upregulated and 145 downregulated genes, enriched in Gene Ontology terms "organic anion transport," "extracellular matrix," and "receptor ligand activity", and in the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway "cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction." The PPI network was constructed and nine hub genes were selected by survival analysis and expression validation. We verified these genes in the TCGA database and selected three potential predictors (ZG16, TIMP1, and BGN) that met the independent predictive criteria. TIMP1 and BGN were upregulated in patients with a high cancer risk, whereas ZG16 was downregulated. The immunostaining results from HPA supported these findings. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that these hub genes may be promising prognostic indicators or therapeutic targets for colon cancer.

9.
Front Oncol ; 10: 1738, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32984056

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH) and laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) in managing early-stage cervical cancer. Methods: This retrospective study comprised patients with FIGO stage IA1 with lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI), IA2, and IB1 cervical cancer who underwent radical hysterectomy performed by a single gynecologic oncology team at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2000-2018. The clinicopathological characteristics, surgical outcomes, and survival outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results: The ARH and LRH groups consisted of 84 and 172 patients, respectively. The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 89.3 and 95.9% in the ARH and LRH groups (P = 0.122, adjusted HR = 0.449, 95% CI: 0.162-1.239), respectively, while the 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 95.2 and 98.8%, respectively (P = 0.578, adjusted HR = 0.650, 95% CI: 0.143-2.961). The presence of more than two comorbidities led to poor OS (P = 0.011). For patients with a BMI greater than 24 kg/m2, LRH was associated with better PFS (P = 0.039). Compared with ARH, LRH was associated with a shorter operation time (248.8 vs. 176.9 min, P < 0.001), less blood loss (670.2 vs. 200.9 ml, P < 0.001), and lower postoperative ileus rates (2.4% vs. 0%, P = 0.042). No significant differences were observed in PFS and OS between 2006-2012, 2013-2015, and 2016-2018 in the LRH group (P = 0.126 and P = 0.583). Conclusion: Compared with ARH, LRH yields similar survival and improved surgical outcomes in patients with early-stage cervical cancer. LRH is not inferior to ARH for select cervical cancer patients treated by a single team with adequate laparoscopy experience.

10.
Support Care Cancer ; 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959156

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 10.6-µm laser moxibustion and electroacupuncture in 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu)-induced diarrhea model rats. METHODS: Forty-eight Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: a normal group, model group, 10.6-µm laser moxibustion (LM) group, and electroacupuncture (EA) group. Diarrhea was induced by 5-Fu (50 mg/kg) injection in 36 rats; the LM and EA groups received treatment at acupoint ST36 (Zusanli) on hind limbs once a day for 6 days. RESULTS: 5-Fu injection caused body weight decline and diarrhea. From the 5th to 7th day, the LM group showed higher body weights than the model group (P < 0.05). On the 6th day, diarrhea score of the LM group was better than that of the EA group (P < 0.05). Both scores of the LM group and EA group were better than that of model group (P < 0.05). The LM group and EA group both had better intestine pathological scores and lower endotoxin (ET) and diamine oxide (DAO) activity than the model group (P < 0.01). The LM group got better pathological scores than the EA group (P < 0.01). Ultramicroscopic structures of the model group showed severe damage while the LM group and EA group remained good in their small intestines. The model group had obviously decreased occludin protein in intestine tissues than the control group (P < 0.01), while occludin expressions in the LM group and EA group were both obviously increased compared with the model group (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: LM and EA treatment on ST36 could alleviate damage to intestinal barrier function and alleviate diarrhea caused by 5-Fu.

11.
Adv Mater ; 32(43): e2004901, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924219

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has taken a significant toll on people worldwide, and there are currently no specific antivirus drugs or vaccines. Herein it is a therapeutic based on catalase, an antioxidant enzyme that can effectively breakdown hydrogen peroxide and minimize the downstream reactive oxygen species, which are excessively produced resulting from the infection and inflammatory process, is reported. Catalase assists to regulate production of cytokines, protect oxidative injury, and repress replication of SARS-CoV-2, as demonstrated in human leukocytes and alveolar epithelial cells, and rhesus macaques, without noticeable toxicity. Such a therapeutic can be readily manufactured at low cost as a potential treatment for COVID-19.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Catalase/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacocinética , Antioxidantes/farmacocinética , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Catalase/farmacocinética , Linhagem Celular , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Leucócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Leucócitos/virologia , Macaca mulatta , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Alvéolos Pulmonares/efeitos dos fármacos , Alvéolos Pulmonares/metabolismo , Alvéolos Pulmonares/virologia , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Technol Forecast Soc Change ; 158: 120178, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32834135

RESUMO

Bitcoin and the blockchain technology on which it is based are the key drivers behind the accelerated pace of Fourth Industrial Revolution in the domain of Finance. The offshoots of this technology however are not limited and are rapidly spreading in other domains such as oil market. This paper investigates the causality or influences that both markets, Bitcoin price (BP) and oil price (OP) have on each other by applying the bootstrap Granger causal relationship tests considering full as well as sub-samples. Our analysis reveals that shocks originated in OP and transmitted towards BP can be both positive or negative. The positive impact indicates that Bitcoin can be viewed as an asset helpful in avoiding the risks of the high OP, which also indicates that Bitcoin and oil are in the same boat, however, the negative effects cannot support this view. The negative influence of OP on BP can be explained by the burst of the Bitcoin bubble which has weakened its hedging ability. In turn, there is also a negative influence or reverse causality running from BP to OP, highlighting that the demand for oil by investors can be threatened by the increasing BP. Keeping in view the more integrated and complexed financial dynamics which are the results of Fourth Industrial Revolution, investors can benefit from this interrelationship to diversify the risks and optimize their investment by building a more balanced portfolio. Also, governments could promote and protect the healthy development of the Bitcoin and energy market by preventing the Bitcoin bubbles and understanding the reasons of oil price volatility.

13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4032, 2020 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788575

RESUMO

Hydrogel-based devices are widely used as flexible electronics, biosensors, soft robots, and intelligent human-machine interfaces. In these applications, high stretchability, low hysteresis, and anti-fatigue fracture are essential but can be rarely met in the same hydrogels simultaneously. Here, we demonstrate a hydrogel design using tandem-repeat proteins as the cross-linkers and random coiled polymers as the percolating network. Such a design allows the polyprotein cross-linkers only to experience considerable forces at the fracture zone and unfold to prevent crack propagation. Thus, we are able to decouple the hysteresis-toughness correlation and create hydrogels of high stretchability (~1100%), low hysteresis (< 5%), and high fracture toughness (~900 J m-2). Moreover, the hydrogels show a high fatigue threshold of ~126 J m-2 and can undergo 5000 load-unload cycles up to 500% strain without noticeable mechanical changes. Our study provides a general route to decouple network elasticity and local mechanical response in synthetic hydrogels.


Assuntos
Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/química , Hidrogéis/química , Poliproteínas/química , Estresse Mecânico , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Fluorescência , Fenômenos Mecânicos
14.
Adv Mater ; 32(33): e2003563, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627937

RESUMO

Nanozyme-based tumor catalytic therapy has attracted widespread attention in recent years. However, its therapeutic outcomes are diminished by many factors in the tumor microenvironment (TME), such as insufficient endogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) concentration, hypoxia, and immunosuppressive microenvironment. Herein, an immunomodulation-enhanced nanozyme-based tumor catalytic therapy strategy is first proposed to achieve the synergism between nanozymes and TME regulation. TGF-ß inhibitor (TI)-loaded PEGylated iron manganese silicate nanoparticles (IMSN) (named as IMSN-PEG-TI) are constructed to trigger the therapeutic modality. The results show that IMSN nanozyme exhibits both intrinsic peroxidase-like and catalase-like activities under acidic TME, which can decompose H2 O2 into hydroxyl radicals (•OH) and oxygen (O2 ), respectively. Besides, it is demonstrated that both IMSN and TI can regulate the tumor immune microenvironment, resulting in macrophage polarization from M2 to M1, and thus inducing the regeneration of H2 O2 , which can promote catalytic activities of IMSN nanozyme. The potent antitumor effect of IMSN-PEG-TI is proved by in vitro multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTS) and in vivo CT26-tumor-bearing mice models. It is believed that the immunomodulation-enhanced nanozyme-based tumor treatment strategy is a promising tool to kill cancer cells.

15.
Sci Adv ; 6(16): eaaz9531, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32494623

RESUMO

Many load-bearing tissues, such as muscles and cartilages, show high elasticity, toughness, and fast recovery. However, combining these mechanical properties in the same synthetic biomaterials is fundamentally challenging. Here, we show that strong, tough, and fast-recovery hydrogels can be engineered using cross-linkers involving cooperative dynamic interactions. We designed a histidine-rich decapeptide containing two tandem zinc binding motifs. Because of allosteric structural change-induced cooperative binding, this decapeptide had a higher thermodynamic stability, stronger binding strength, and faster binding rate than single binding motifs or isolated ligands. The engineered hybrid network hydrogels containing the peptide-zinc complex exhibit a break stress of ~3.0 MPa, toughness of ~4.0 MJ m-3, and fast recovery in seconds. We expect that they can function effectively as scaffolds for load-bearing tissue engineering and as building blocks for soft robotics. Our results provide a general route to tune the mechanical and dynamic properties of hydrogels at the molecular level.

16.
Clin Epigenetics ; 12(1): 75, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epigenetic abnormalities caused by superovulation have recently attracted increasing attention. Superovulation with exogenous hormones may prevent oocytes from establishing an appropriate epigenetic state, and this effect may extend to the methylation programming in preimplantation embryos, as de novo DNA methylation is a function of developmental stage of follicles and oocyte size. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) are common gonadotropins used for superovulation, and appropriate concentrations of these gonadotropins might be necessary. However, no systematic study on the effects of DNA methylation alterations in oocytes associated with superovulation with different dosages of FSH/hMG at the single-cell level has yet been reported. In the current study, different dosages of FSH/hMG combined with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) were used in female mice to generate experimental groups, while naturally matured oocytes and oocytes superovulated with only hCG were respectively used as controls. Single-cell level DNA methylation sequencing was carried out on all these matured oocytes. RESULTS: In this study, we revealed that the genome-wide methylation pattern and CG methylation level of the maternal imprinting control regions of all mature oocytes were globally conserved and stable. However, methylation alterations associated with superovulation were found at a specific set of loci, and the differentially methylated regions (DMRs) mainly occurred in regions other than promoters. Furthermore, some of the annotated genes in the DMRs were involved in biological processes such as glucose metabolism, nervous system development, cell cycle, cell proliferation, and embryo implantation and were altered in all dosages of FSH/hMG group (for example, Gfod2 and SYF2). Other genes were impaired only after high gonadotropin dosages (for instance, Sox17 and Phactr4). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the current study addressed the effects of superovulation on DNA methylation from the perspective of different dosages of gonadotropins at the single-cell level. We found that the genome-wide DNA methylation landscape was globally preserved irrespective of superovulation or of the kind and dosage of gonadotropins used, whereas the methylation alterations associated with superovulation occurred at a specific set of loci. These observed effects reflect that superovulation recruits oocytes that would not normally be ovulated or that have not undergone complete epigenetic maturation. Our results provide an important reference for the safety assessment of superovulation with different dosages of gonadotropins. However, it should be noted that this study has some limitations, as the sample number and library coverage of analyzed oocytes were relatively low. Future studies with larger sample sizes and high-coverage libraries that examine the effects of superovulation on embryo development and offspring health as well as the underlying mechanisms are still needed.

17.
Dalton Trans ; 49(23): 7758-7765, 2020 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32500894

RESUMO

A new Cu(ii) pyrazoledicarboxylate coordination polymer [Cu(Hpdc)(ImH)]n (1) (H3pdc = 3,4-pyrazoledicarboxylic acid; ImH = imidazole) has been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetric analysis. In 1, the tetradentate Hpdc2- anion coordinated to three Cu(ii) ions in a µ3-κO: κN, O': κN' mode, forming a two-dimensional (2D) (4,4) network; the other ImH ligand acted as a terminal ligand. Cu(ii)-MOF 1 displayed high activity and selectivity in the base-free aerobic oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde combined with the green oxidant H2O2. The catalytic system of 1 could be reused for several cycles without any obvious decay of the catalytic efficiency.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have provided conflicting results regarding whether the serum ghrelin concentration can reflect the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP). The present study examined the correlation between the serum ghrelin concentration and AP severity in animal models and investigated whether altered ghrelin expression in pancreatic acinar cells influences IKKß/NF-κB signaling and pro-inflammatory cytokine production. METHODS: Mild or severe AP was induced in rats by intraperitoneal injection of cerulein or retrograde cholangiopancreatic duct injection of sodium taurocholate, respectively. After successful model induction, serum ghrelin, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and IKKß/NF-κB activation was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Subsequently, stable overexpression or knockdown of ghrelin in AR42J cells was achieved by lentiviral transfection. After transfected cells and control cells were treated with cerulein for 24 h, the TNF-α and IL-1ß levels in the supernatants were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the expression levels of p-p65, IKKß, and p-IKKß were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: In rat AP models, AP severity was correlated with increased IKKß/NF-κB activation, pro-inflammatory cytokine production, and ghrelin secretion. The levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-1ß as well as IKKß/NF-κB signaling activity were increased upon knockdown of ghrelin in the AP acinar cell model and decreased with ghrelin overexpression. CONCLUSIONS: Serum ghrelin is related to the severity of AP. Ghrelin may play a protective role in the pathogenesis of AP by inhibiting the pro-inflammatory cytokines and the activation of the IKKß/NF-κB signaling pathway.

19.
Clin Genet ; 98(2): 138-146, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378203

RESUMO

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) of genetic diseases, combined with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing (PGD-HLA), is a useful technique to have healthy offspring that are compatible with a sibling for hematopoietic stem cells transplantation (HSCT) to treat their genetic diseases. Here, we report a new strategy using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) linkage analysis for monogenic disease PGD combined with HLA typing, to simultaneously obtain the information of chromosomal aneuploidy, target mutations and HLA typing through a single low-depth next generation sequencing (NGS) procedure. In this study, five couples with probands underwent SNP linkage analysis for PGD-HLA typing were recruited. Within these five couples, two couples fortunately harvested four unaffected and HLA matched embryos with their siblings. After embryo transfer, two healthy neonates were born successfully. Subsequently, cord blood hematopoietic stem cells obtained from these two neonates were collected and frozen for treating their sick siblings. This novel strategy could provide abundant and specific SNPs for each family, therefore linkage information adjacent and even within HLA clusters were apparent. This study offers a highly flexible and precise method which could eliminate misdiagnosis caused by chromosomal recombination of the HLA gene, thus potentially benefit the success rate of HSCT.

20.
Chin Med ; 15: 44, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32411290

RESUMO

Background: Chronic alcohol consumption disrupts psychomotor and cognitive functions, most of which are subserved by the dysfunction of hippocampus. Dysregulated excitatory glutamatergic transmission is implicated in repeated alcohol induced psychomotor and cognitive impairment. Ginsenoside Rg1, one of the main active ingredient of the traditional tonic medicine Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer (Araliaceae), has been used to treat cognitive deficits. Particularly, Rg1 has been demonstrated to improve hippocampus-dependent learning in mice and attenuate glutamate-induced excitotoxicity in vitro. Thus, in the present research, we sought to investigate the therapeutic effects of Ginsenoside Rg1 on repeated alcohol induced psychomotor and cognitive deficits in hippocampal-dependent behavioral tasks and unravel the underpinnings of its neuroprotection. Methods: Male ICR (CD-1) mice were consecutively intragastrically treated with 20% (w/v) alcohol for 21 days. Then, behavior tests were conducted to evaluate repeated alcohol induced psychomotor and cognitive deficits. Histopathological changes, and biochemical and molecular alterations were assessed to determine the potential neuroprotective mechanism of Rg1. Results: The results suggested that Rg1, at the optimal dose of 6 mg/kg, has the potential to ameliorate repeated alcohol induced cognitive deficits by regulating activities of NR2B containing NMDARs and excitotoxic signaling. Conclusion: Our findings further provided a new strategy to treat chronic alcohol exposure induced adverse consequences.

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