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1.
Adv Mater ; : e2100474, 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914352

RESUMO

Side-chain engineering has been an effective strategy in tuning electronic energy levels, intermolecular interaction, and aggregation morphology of organic photovoltaic materials, which is very important for improving the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of organic solar cells (OSCs). In this work, two D-A copolymers, PBQ5 and PBQ6, are designed and synthesized based on bithienyl-benzodithiophene (BDTT) as the donor (D) unit, difluoroquinoxaline (DFQ) with different side chains as the acceptor (A) unit, and thiophene as the π-bridges. PBQ6 with two alkyl-substituted fluorothiophene side chains on the DFQ units possesses redshifted absorption, stronger intermolecular interaction, and higher hole mobility than PBQ5 with two alkyl side chains on the DFQ units. The blend film of the PBQ6 donor with the Y6 acceptor shows higher and balanced hole/electron mobilities, less charge carrier recombination, and more favorable aggregation morphology. Therefore, the OSC based on PBQ6:Y6 achieves a PCE as high as 17.62% with a high fill factor of 77.91%, which is significantly higher than the PCE (15.55%) of the PBQ5:Y6-based OSC. The PCE of 17.62% is by far one of the highest efficiencies for the binary OSCs with polymer donor and Y6 acceptor.

2.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 178, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420010

RESUMO

Tandem organic solar cells are based on the device structure monolithically connecting two solar cells to broaden overall absorption spectrum and utilize the photon energy more efficiently. Herein, we demonstrate a simple strategy of inserting a double bond between the central core and end groups of the small molecule acceptor Y6 to extend its conjugation length and absorption range. As a result, a new narrow bandgap acceptor BTPV-4F was synthesized with an optical bandgap of 1.21 eV. The single-junction devices based on BTPV-4F as acceptor achieved a power conversion efficiency of over 13.4% with a high short-circuit current density of 28.9 mA cm-2. With adopting BTPV-4F as the rear cell acceptor material, the resulting tandem devices reached a high power conversion efficiency of over 16.4% with good photostability. The results indicate that BTPV-4F is an efficient infrared-absorbing narrow bandgap acceptor and has great potential to be applied into tandem organic solar cells.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427404

RESUMO

Demonstrated in this work is a simple random ternary copolymerization strategy to synthesize a series of polymer acceptors, PTPBT-ETx , by polymerizing a small-molecule acceptor unit modified from Y6 with a thiophene connecting unit and a controlled amount of an 3-ethylesterthiophene (ET) unit. Compared to PTPBT of only Y6-like units and thiophene units, PTPBT-ETx (where x represents the molar ratio of the ET unit) with an incorporated ET unit in the ternary copolymers show up-shifted LUMO energy levels, increased electron mobilities, and improved blend morphologies in the blend film with the polymer donor PBDB-T. And the all-polymer solar cell (all-PSC) based on PBDB-T:PTPBT-ET0.3 achieved a high power conversion efficiency over 12.5 %. In addition, the PTPBT-ET0.3 -based all-PSC also exhibits long-term photostability over 300 hours.

4.
Adv Mater ; 32(21): e1908373, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32270545

RESUMO

It is very important to fine-tune the nanoscale morphology of donor:acceptor blend active layers for improving the photovoltaic performance of all-small-molecule organic solar cells (SM-OSCs). In this work, two new small molecule donor materials are synthesized with different substituents on their thiophene conjugated side chains, including SM1-S with alkylthio and SM1-F with fluorine and alkyl substituents, and the previously reported donor molecule SM1 with an alkyl substituent, for investigating the effect of different conjugated side chains on the molecular aggregation and the photophysical, and photovoltaic properties of the donor molecules. As a result, an SM1-F-based SM-OSC with Y6 as the acceptor, and with thermal annealing (TA) at 120 °C for 10 min, demonstrates the highest power conversion efficiency value of 14.07%, which is one of the best values for SM-OSCs reported so far. Besides, these results also reveal that different side chains of the small molecules can distinctly influence the crystallinity characteristics and aggregation features, and TA treatment can effectively fine-tune the phase separation to form suitable donor-acceptor interpenetrating networks, which is beneficial for exciton dissociation and charge transportation, leading to highly efficient photovoltaic performance.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(3): 1465-1474, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904234

RESUMO

Achieving efficient charge transfer at small frontier molecular orbital offsets between donor and acceptor is crucial for high performance polymer solar cells (PSCs). Here we synthesize a new wide band gap polymer donor, PTQ11, and a new low band gap acceptor, TPT10, and report a high power conversion efficiency (PCE) PSC (PCE = 16.32%) based on PTQ11-TPT10 with zero HOMO (the highest occupied molecular orbital) offset (ΔEHOMO(D-A)). TPT10 is a derivative of Y6 with monobromine instead of bifluorine substitution, and possesses upshifted lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy level (ELUMO) of -3.99 eV and EHOMO of -5.52 eV than Y6. PTQ11 is a derivative of low cost polymer donor PTQ10 with methyl substituent on its quinoxaline unit and shows upshifted EHOMO of -5.52 eV, stronger molecular crystallization, and better hole transport capability in comparison with PTQ10. The PSC based on PTQ11-TPT10 shows highly efficient exciton dissociation and hole transfer, so that it demonstrates a high PCE of 16.32% with a higher Voc of 0.88 V, a large Jsc of 24.79 mA cm-2, and a high FF of 74.8%, despite the zero ΔEHOMO(D-A) value between donor PTQ11 and acceptor TPT10. The PCE of 16.32% is one of the highest efficiencies in the PSCs. The results prove the feasibility of efficient hole transfer and high efficiency for the PSCs with zero ΔEHOMO(D-A), which is highly valuable for understanding the charge transfer process and achieving high PCE of PSCs.

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