Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 715
Filtrar
1.
Bioact Mater ; 9: 475-490, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820584

RESUMO

Sensory nerves promote osteogenesis through the release of neuropeptides. However, the potential application and mechanism in which sensory nerves promote healing of bone defects in the presence of biomaterials remain elusive. The present study identified that new bone formation was more abundantly produced after implantation of silicified collagen scaffolds into defects created in the distal femur of rats. The wound sites were accompanied by extensive nerve innervation and angiogenesis. Sensory nerve dysfunction by capsaicin injection resulted in significant inhibition of silicon-induced osteogenesis in the aforementioned rodent model. Application of extracellular silicon in vitro induced axon outgrowth and increased expression of semaphorin 3 A (Sema3A) and semaphorin 4D (Sema4D) in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG), as detected by the upregulation of signaling molecules. Culture medium derived from silicon-stimulated DRG cells promoted proliferation and differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and endothelial progenitor cells. These effects were inhibited by the use of Sema3A neutralizing antibodies but not by Sema4D neutralizing antibodies. Knockdown of Sema3A in DRG blocked silicon-induced osteogenesis and angiogenesis almost completely in a femoral defect rat model, whereas overexpression of Sema3A promoted the silicon-induced phenomena. Activation of "mechanistic target of rapamycin" (mTOR) pathway and increase of Sema3A production were identified in the DRG of rats that were implanted with silicified collagen scaffolds. These findings support the role of silicon in inducing Sema3A production by sensory nerves, which, in turn, stimulates osteogenesis and angiogenesis. Taken together, silicon has therapeutic potential in orthopedic rehabilitation.

2.
Food Chem ; 370: 131026, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509938

RESUMO

Cyclodextrins are garnering increasing attention because they offer several benefits. For instance, cyclodextrins can form several complexes and supramolecular structures not only for food packaging but also for applications in other fields of science. In this review, we discussed the physical and chemical properties of cyclodextrins and the mechanism of their inclusion complex formation. The use of cyclodextrins in various types of food packaging is elaborated upon. We also explain the effects of cyclodextrins on the packaging of fruits, vegetables, meat, fish, and processed foods. Furthermore, some feasible suggestions for future applications are provided. In addition to the positive attributes of cyclodextrins, there are some limitations and drawbacks, which are discussed briefly in this review. In summary, this review can serve as a guide for researchers exploring cyclodextrins for the development of various packaging films.


Assuntos
Ciclodextrinas , Animais , Embalagem de Alimentos
3.
Food Chem ; 370: 131082, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537435

RESUMO

In this study, chitosan (CH), mulberry anthocyanin (MA), and lemongrass essential oils (LEO) were used as an interlayer using a 3D printer. Further, cassava starch (CS) was used as a protective layer to form indicator films. The indicator films containing LEO showed significant antioxidant and antibacterial properties, and the release rate of LEO increased with a rise in pH. When chilled pork spoiled, the color of the indicator films changed from red to gray-blue, and the RGB values could be automatically analyzed by a smartphone application to determine pork freshness. These films hold implications as easy-to-use indicators of meat freshness, with great potential for monitoring food spoilage, as part of an intelligent packaging system.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Cymbopogon , Óleos Voláteis , Carne de Porco , Carne Vermelha , Animais , Antocianinas , Embalagem de Alimentos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Impressão Tridimensional , Carne Vermelha/análise , Suínos
4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 283: 114707, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619319

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Guizhi-Shaoyao-Zhimu decoction (GSZD), a classical traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescription, is used empirically to treat various types of arthritis in TCM clinical practice. However, the underlying mechanisms of GSZD on gouty inflammation are not totally elucidated. AIM OF STUDY: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of GSZD on peritoneal recruitment of neutrophils, production of proinflammatory mediators, activations of nuclear factor (NF)-κB and nucleotide oligomerization domain-like receptor protein-3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in mice with monosodium urate crystal (MSU)-induced peritonitis (MIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mice were intragastrically administered with GSZD for 7 days. After the last administration, mice were intraperitoneally injected with MSU. Peritoneal exudates of mice were harvested, and total peritoneal cells were calculated. Levels of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6 and monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 in peritoneal exudates were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Expressions of IL-1ß, NLRP3, cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase (caspase)-1, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing the caspase activation and recruitment domain (ASC), phosphorylated (p)-p65, inhibitor of NF-κB (IκB)α, p-IκB kinase (IKK)ß, nuclear p65, p-mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in peritoneal cells were analyzed by Western blot. Binding activity of NF-κB to DNA was measured by a Trans AM™ kit for p65. Interaction between ASC and pro-caspase-1 was assessed by co-immunoprecipitation assay. RESULTS: Total peritoneal cells, levels of IL-1ß, IL-6 and MCP-1 were significantly reduced by GSZD treatment in peritoneal exudates of MIP mice. As for the activation of NF-κB, GSZD treatment significantly reduced the levels of p-p65, p-IKKß, nuclear p65 and p-MAPKs, enhanced the level of IκBα and abated the binding ability of NF-κB to DNA in peritoneal cells of MIP mice. As for the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, GSZD treatment significantly reduced the levels of IL-1ß, NLRP3 and caspase-1, and alleviated the interaction between ASC and pro-caspase-1 in peritoneal cells of MIP mice. Nevertheless, GSZD didn't remarkably change the level of ASC. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that GSZD attenuates the MSU-induced inflammation through inhibiting the activations of NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome.

5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 193(Pt B): 1050-1058, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798184

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to prepare sodium alginate (SA)/pectin (PE) hydrogel microspheres using the extrusion method to encapsulate Lactobacillus bulgaricus. Microscopic observation showed that the beads were spherical with a smooth and uniform surface. For microspheres with a diameter range of 140-156 µm, the encapsulation efficiency reached 85.67%. After simulating saliva, gastric juice, and intestinal juice, the activity of the microcapsules was estimated to be 5.78 × 104 log colony forming unit (CFU)/mL. These data show that the use of SA and PE encapsulated probiotics exhibit enhanced viability. In addition, double-layer beads containing probiotic microspheres and yogurt were prepared, and physical and chemical analysis was performed using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. Texture and sensory property analysis revealed that the beads had good elasticity, chewiness, and high commercial value. Collectively, these findings indicate that SA and PE can be used for the encapsulation, protection, and gastrointestinal delivery of probiotics. Moreover, these microcapsules exhibit good stability in vitro and improve yogurt characteristics by increasing the survival rate of encapsulated probiotics, thus demonstrating their commercial application potential.

6.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 69: 126893, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A balanced intake of trace elements is beneficial for chronic diseases such as hypertension. However, the available information regarding trace elements that may be independently associated with hypertension is limited, and the relationship between this disorder and element ratios also remains unclear. METHODS: A total of 6,754 subjects from rural China were selected, after exclusion of patients who were under 18, had incomplete data or had additional related disorders, by multi-stage simple random and cluster sampling (participation rate: 95.22 %). Subjects were divided into a hypertensive (H) and a control (C) group. Data were collected on blood pressure and 12 serum trace elements were measured by flame atomic absorption spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Other basic information was collated from questionnaires and biochemical indicators were measured via kits. RESULTS: Differences in serum levels of magnesium (Mg(mg/l): H: 27.43 ± 12.72; C: 26.33 ± 12.16), iron (Fe(mg/l): H: 1.99 ± 1.24; C: 1.84 ± 1.16), copper (Cu(mg/l): H: 1.19 ± 0.37; C: 1.10 ± 0.36), boron (B(µg/l): H: 50.00 ± 25.21; C: 47.57 ± 26.25), selenium (Se(µg/l): H: 125.12 ± 32.81; C: 118.80 ± 29.72) and chromium (Cr(µg/l): H: 8.77 ± 10.12; C: 10.12 ± 10.72) between the hypertensive and control groups were found. There were no differences in serum contents of calcium (Ca(mg/l): H: 112.43 ± 58.25; C: 111.00 ± 59.49), zinc (Zn(mg/l): H: 1.50 ± 1.97; C: 1.44 ± 1.88), arsenic (As(µg/l): H: 4.17 ± 3.94; C: 4.10 ± 4.00), manganese (Mn(µg/l): H: 4.15 ± 4.03; C: 4.07 ± 4.05), cadmium (Cd(µg/l): H: 1.14 ± 1.11; C: 1.18 ± 1.12) or lead (Pb(µg/l): H: 4.22 ± 8.90; C: 4.26 ± 10.25). The serum Cr and Cd concentrations of hypertensive men were lower than that of male controls while Mg, Cu, Ca and Se concentrations in male controls were lower. Further differences were apparent and Fe, B, Se, Mg and Cu all showed higher levels in hypertensive females whereas Cr concentrations were higher in female controls. Serum Zn and B levels showed age-related variations among hypertensive patients and concentrations of serum Cu, Zn, Se and B showed age-related variations among control subjects. For hypertensive patients, the odds ratio (OR) and 95 % confidence interval (CI) for the association of serum Cu, Se and Cr levels with hypertension were Cu: 1.36 (1.12-1.66); Se: 1.03 (1.01-1.05); Cr: 0.89 (0.83-0.96). Moreover, when the participants in the grouping with the highest copper/zinc (Cu/Zn) and magnesium/manganese (Mg/Mn) ratios were compared with the reference group, the OR and 95 % CI for hypertension were 1.22 (1.04-1.44) and 1.20 (1.01-1.42), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Levels of serum trace elements showed age- and sex-related differences in a group of rural Chinese adults with hypertension and healthy participants. Serum concentrations of Cu, Se and Cr may be independently associated with hypertension. Higher serum ratios of Cu:Zn and Mg:Mn may also be associated with hypertension. Further randomized trials are necessary to elucidate the true relationship between levels of Cu, Se, Cr, Cu:Zn, Mg:Mn and hypertension.

7.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822244

RESUMO

The relationship between the aggregation states of pyrene-based linkers and the photoluminescence/photoelectric performance was well studied by the formation of an anionic metal-organic framework, [BMI]2[Mg3(TBAPy)2(H2O)4]·2dioxane, which shows highly enhanced light-harvesting and photoelectric conversion efficiency by the encapsulation of D-π-A cation dyes.

8.
Front Chem ; 9: 765374, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805096

RESUMO

The development of molecular crystalline materials with efficient room-temperature phosphorescence has been obtained much attention due to their fascinating photophysical properties and potential applications in the fields of data storage, bioimaging and photodynamic therapy. Herein, a new co-crystal complex [(DCPA) (AD)2] (DCPA = 9,10-di (4-carboxyphenyl)anthracene; AD = acridine) has been synthesized by a facile solvothermal process. Crystal structure analysis reveals that the co-crystal possesses orderly and alternant arrangement of DCPA donors and AD acceptors at molecular level. Fixed by strong hydrogen bonds, the DCPA molecule displays seriously twisty spatial conformation. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations show well separation of HOMO and LUMO for this co-crystal system, suggesting the efficient triplet excitons generation. Photoluminescence measurements show intensive cyan fluorescence (58.20 ns) and direct white phosphorescence (325 µs) emission at room-temperature. The transient current density-time curve reveals a typical switching electric response under the irradiation of simulated light, reveal that the [(DCPA) (AD)2] co-crystal has a high photoelectric response performance.

9.
Appl Opt ; 60(31): 9672-9680, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807150

RESUMO

For reshaping aperture size and correcting low-order aberration of laser beams with large aspect ratios, a simplified analytical method is proposed to design an anamorphic refractive shaping system, which is composed of double-plane symmetric lenses. The simplified method enables performing a global study of aberrations via calculating the analytical primary wave aberration function under paraxial approximation. The aberration balance is analyzed with a three-lens laser collimating system and a compact four-lens laser expanding system. Lens bending and conic surfaces are introduced to decrease ray errors. Through the simplified analytical method, anamorphic refractive shaping systems for laser beams with large aspect ratios can be adequately analyzed and conveniently designed.

10.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 pandemic is a global crisis which results in millions of deaths and causes long-term neurological sequelae, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the interaction between COVID-19 and AD by integrating bioinformatics to find the biomarkers which lead to AD occurrence and development with COVID-19 and provide early intervention. METHODS: The differential expressed genes (DEGs) were found by GSE147507 and GSE132903, respectively. The common genes between COVID-19 and AD were identified. Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), and protein-protein interactions (PPI) network analysis were carried out. Hub genes were found by cytoscape. A multivariate logistic regression model was constructed. NetworkAnalyst was used for the analysis of TF-gene interactions, TF-miRNA coregulatory network, and Protein-chemical Interactions. RESULTS: Forty common DEGs for AD and COVID-19 were found. GO and KEGG analysis indicated that the DEGs were enriched in the calcium signal pathway and other pathways. A PPI network was constructed, and 5 hub genes were identified (ITPR1, ITPR3, ITPKB, RAPGEF3, MFGE8). Four hub genes (ITPR1, ITPR3, ITPKB, RAPGEF3) which were considered as important factors in the development of AD that were affected by COVID-19 were shown by nomogram. Utilizing NetworkAnalyst, the interaction network of 4 hub genes and TF, miRNA, common AD risk genes, and known compounds is displayed, respectively. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 patients are at high risk of developing AD. Vaccination is required. Four hub genes can be considered as biomarkers for prediction and treatment of AD development caused by COVID-19. Compounds with neuroprotective effects can be used as adjuvant therapy for COVID-19 patients.

11.
Pharmazie ; 76(11): 523-527, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782035

RESUMO

Background: The exact pathogenesis of psoriasis is complex, and scholars use the intestinal mucosal immunity as an entry point to analyze the important role of the intestine in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Traditional Chinese medicine treats psoriasis from the intestine based on the theory that "the lung governs the fur" and "the Interior-Exterior Relationship Between the Lung and Large Intestine". Based on this understanding, this paper puts forward the idea of understanding psoriasis from the "gut-skin" axis. Objective: Based on the "gut-skin" axis to explore the pathogenesis of psoriasis from the intestines, and open up new ideas for research and development of new drugs for psoriasis. Method: Collect literature on the treatment of psoriasis from the perspective of the intestine and "gut-skin" axis; then, use Western medicine's intestinal pathogenesis, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theory and examples of TCM treatment are demonstrated; finally, the treatment of psoriasis from the "gut-skin" axis is summarized. Results: Western medicine has not carried out treatment of psoriasis involving the intestinal tract. In-depth research and clinical applications based on the "gut-skin" axis are still needed. The effective rate of treating psoriasis by TCM has been as high as 90%, but the mechanism research is relatively scarce. Conclusion: The construction of the "gut-skin" axis mechanism is consistent with TCM theories, and is consistent with modern scientific connotations as well.

12.
MedComm (Beijing) ; 2(3): 453-466, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34766155

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies currently. Despite advances in drug development, the survival and response rates in CRC patients are still poor. In our previous study, a library comprised of 1056 bioactive compounds was used for screening of drugs that could suppress CRC. Lomerizine 2HCl, which is an approved prophylactic drug for migraines, was selected for our studies. The results of in vitro and in vivo assays suggested that lomerizine 2HCl suppresses cell growth and promotes apoptosis in CRC cells. Moreover, lomerizine 2HCl inhibits cell migration and invasion of CRC. RNA sequencing analysis and Western blotting confirmed that lomerizine 2HCl can inhibit cell growth, migration, and invasion through PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway and induces protective autophagy in CRC. Meanwhile, autophagy inhibition by 3-methyladenine (3-MA) increases lomerizine 2HCl-induced cell apoptosis. Taken together, these results imply that lomerizine 2HCl is a potential anticancer agent, and the combination of lomerizine 2HCl and autophagy inhibitors may serve as a novel strategy to increase the antitumor efficacy of agents in the treatment of CRC.

13.
Dev Sci ; : e13190, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750930

RESUMO

Cheating is a common human behavior but few studies have examined its emergence during early childhood. In three preregistered studies, a challenging math test was administered to 5- to 6-year-old children (total N = 500; 255 girls). An answer key was present as children completed the test, but they were instructed to not peek at it. In Study 1, many children cheated, but manipulations that reduced the answer key's accessibility in terms of proximity and visibility led to less cheating. Two follow-up studies showed that the answer key's visibility played a more significant role than its proximity. These findings suggest that subtle and seemingly insignificant alterations of the physical environment can effectively nudge young children away from acting dishonestly.

14.
Nat Hum Behav ; 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711977

RESUMO

Urbanicity is a growing environmental challenge for mental health. Here, we investigate correlations of urbanicity with brain structure and function, neuropsychology and mental illness symptoms in young people from China and Europe (total n = 3,867). We developed a remote-sensing satellite measure (UrbanSat) to quantify population density at any point on Earth. UrbanSat estimates of urbanicity were correlated with brain volume, cortical surface area and brain network connectivity in the medial prefrontal cortex and cerebellum. UrbanSat was also associated with perspective-taking and depression symptoms, and this was mediated by neural variables. Urbanicity effects were greatest when urban exposure occurred in childhood for the cerebellum, and from childhood to adolescence for the prefrontal cortex. As UrbanSat can be generalized to different geographies, it may enable assessments of correlations of urbanicity with mental illness and resilience globally.

15.
Analyst ; 146(22): 6753-6759, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643628

RESUMO

Staining of biological cells with heavy metals can increase their visibility in mass spectrometry. In this study, the potential of ruthenium red (RR) as a staining agent for single-cell analysis by inductively coupled plasma time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SC-ICP-TOF-MS) is explored using two different yeast strains and one algal species. Time-of-flight mass spectrometry allows the simultaneous detection of Ru and multiple intrinsic elements in single cells. Ru has a better correlation with Mg than with P in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) cells. For the three tested strains, the staining efficiency of RR exceeded 96%; the staining strengths were 30-32 ag µm-2 for the yeast cells and 59 ag µm-2 for the algal cells. By deriving the cell volume of single cells from their Ru mass, the concentration of Mg and P in individual cells of S. cerevisiae can be calculated. Elemental concentrations of Mg and P were highly variable in the cell individuals, with their 25-75 percentile values of 0.10-0.19 and 0.76-2.07 fg µm-3, respectively. RR staining has several advantages: it is fast, does not affect cell viability and is highly efficient. Provided that the shape of the individual cells of a culture is similar, Ru staining allows the elemental content to be directly correlated with the cell volume to accurately calculate the intracellular concentration of target elements in single cells. Therefore, RR can be a promising cell staining agent for future application in SC-ICP-TOF-MS research.


Assuntos
Rutênio Vermelho , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Análise de Célula Única , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Coloração e Rotulagem
16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6669570, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671679

RESUMO

Objective: This study is aimed at identifying stemness-related genes in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Methods: The RNA-seq data of PADC patients were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) databases. The mRNA expression-based stemness index (mRNAsi) and epigenetically regulated mRNAsi (EREG-mRNAsi) of PADC patients were evaluated. The mRNAsi-related gene sets in PADC were identified by weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA). The key genes were further analyzed using functional enrichment analysis. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the Cox proportional hazards model were used to evaluate the prognostic value of the key genes. Prognostic hub genes were used to establish nomograms. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, concordance index (C-index), and calibration curves were used to assess the discrimination and accuracy of the nomogram. Finally, these results were validated in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Results: A total of 36 key genes related to mRNAsi were identified by WGCNA. A prognostic gene signature compromising seven genes (TPX2, ZWINT, UBE2C, CCNB2, CDK1, BUB1, and BIRC5) was established to predict the overall survival (OS) of PADC patients. The Cox regression analysis revealed that the risk score was an independent prognostic factor for PADC. Patients were then divided into the high-risk and low-risk groups. The ROC curves, C-index, and calibration curves indicated good performance of the prognostic signature in the TCGA and GEO datasets. Moreover, the nomogram incorporating clinical parameters showed better sensitivity and specificity for predicting the OS of PADC patients. Conclusion: The stemness-related prognostic model successfully predicted the OS of PADC patients and could be used for the treatment of PADC.

17.
Org Lett ; 23(21): 8482-8487, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641687

RESUMO

An elegant tandem reaction process for transferring N-allyl amide into CF2H-ß-amino alcohol is described. This approach proceeded smoothly under visible light irradiation in the presence of a 3 mol % Ir complex, exhibiting a broad substrate scope and functional group tolerance, and a variety of CF2H-ß-amino alcohols were readily accessed in good to excellent yields under mild conditions. The reliable mechanistic studies revealed that sequential difluoromethyl radical addition/carbocation trap/rearrangement is involved.

18.
Cancer Biomark ; 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Distinguishing between benign and malignant bile duct strictures has long been a diagnostic challenge in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to discover novel biomarkers in bile to improve the diagnostic accuracy of malignant biliary strictures. METHODS: Bile samples were collected from 6 patients with malignant or benign biliary stricture, respectively. Protein profiles of the bile were analyzed with a semi-quantitative human antibody array of 440 proteins. Then the differential expressed proteins were screened by Venn diagram analysis. Following this, the accuracy of these potential biomarkers for discriminating between malignant and non-malignant biliary strictures was validated in a larger (n= 40) group of patients using lasso analysis. RESULTS: Twenty proteins were found differentially expressed in malignant versus benign biliary strictures, 6 of which were identified by Venn diagram analysis to be up-regulated regardless of the location of biliary strictures. Among the 6 biomarkers, bile lipocalin-2, P-cadherin, and adipsin showed better diagnostic utility than that of bile CA19-9. Lasso analysis identified that lipocalin-2, P-cadherin and CA19-9 as a group of makers best distinguished malignant from benign strictures. CONCLUSIONS: Lipocalin-2 and P-cadherin measurements in bile could be clinically useful for the detection of malignant biliary strictures.

19.
Environ Technol ; : 1-12, 2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534044

RESUMO

In this study, expanded graphite (EG) was prepared by the oxidation and intercalation of the natural flake graphite using perchloric acid and potassium permanganate at different expansion temperatures (300, 400, 500, and 600°C), and were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). EG prepared at 500°C was found to be highly effective for the mineralization of oxalic acid aqueous solution during ozonation at pH 3, which was ascribed to the formation of hydroxyl radicals from the surface reaction of surface hydroxyl groups on EG with ozone. The performance of expanded graphite in this catalytic system was basically unchanged after three repeated use. The presence of Cl-, SO42-, HPO42-/H2PO4- and NO3- could inhibit the degradation of oxalic acid in catalytic ozonation with EG. Degradations of oxamic acid and pyruvic acid in catalytic ozonation with EG were pH-dependent, which were lower than that of oxalic acid. The degradations of oxalic acid and oxamic acid were identified as mineralization process by the determination of TOC, while pyruvic acid may transform into organic products such as acetic acid by O3/EG. Manganese ion (Mn2+) could promote the degradation of oxalic acid by O3/EG at pH 3 because permanganate was produced by O3/EG in oxalic acid solution and then reacted with oxalic acid readily at acidic pH. Catalytic ozonation by EG exhibited great application potential for the destruction of refractory organic compounds.

20.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 699797, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34552569

RESUMO

Musk deer (Moschus spp.) is a globally endangered species due to excessive hunting and habitat fragmentation. Captive breeding of musk deer can efficiently relieve the hunting pressure and contribute to the conservation of the wild population and musk supply. However, its effect on the gut microbiota of musk deer is unclear. Recent studies have indicated that gut microbiota is associated with host health and its environmental adaption, influenced by many factors. Herein, high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene was used based on 262 fecal samples from forest musk deer (M. berezovskii) (FMD) and 90 samples from alpine musk deer (M. chrysogaster) (AMD). We sought to determine whether seasonal variation can affect the structure and function of gut microbiota in musk deer. The results demonstrated that FMD and AMD had higher α-diversity of gut microbiota in the cold season than in the warm season, suggesting that season change can affect gut microbiota diversity in musk deer. Principal coordinate analysis (PCoA) also revealed significant seasonal differences in the structure and function of gut microbiota in AMD and FMD. Particularly, phyla Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes significantly dominated the 352 fecal samples from captive FMD and AMD. The relative abundance of Firmicutes and the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes were significantly decreased in summer than in spring and substantially increased in winter than in summer. In contrast, the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes showed opposite results. Furthermore, dominant bacterial genera and main metabolic functions of gut microbiota in musk deer showed significant seasonal differences. Overall, the abundance of main gut microbiota metabolic functions in FMD was significantly higher in the cold season. WGCNA analysis indicated that OTU6606, OTU5027, OTU7522, and OTU3787 were at the core of the network and significantly related with the seasonal variation. These results indicated that the structure and function in the gut microbiota of captive musk deer vary with seasons, which is beneficial to the environmental adaptation and the digestion and metabolism of food. This study provides valuable insights into the healthy captive breeding of musk deer and future reintroduction programs to recover wild populations.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...