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1.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 35(9): e5140, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830528

RESUMO

Owing to the complexity of the composition of herbal and dietary supplements, it is a challenging problem to efficiently screen and identify active or toxic compounds. Psoralea corylifolia L. (PCL) was selected as the subbject to establish a methodology for rapid screening and identification of hepatotoxic compounds. High-content imaging, ultra-performance liquid chromatography and high-resolution mass spectrometry were used in this study to detect the hepatotoxicity and identify unknown compounds in PCL samples. Then, putative toxic compounds which are highly related to hepatotoxicity were screened by spectrum-toxicity correlation analysis, and the toxicity intensity verified by high-content imaging. The maximum nontoxic dose of processed samples with good detoxification effect reduced more than 9 times compared with unprocessed raw medicinal materials. Spectrum-toxicity correlation analysis showed that bavachinin A, bavachin, isobavachalcone and neobavaisoflavone had high correlation with the hepatotoxicity of PCL, and psoralen and isopsoralen had low correlation with hepatotoxicity. This study verified the hepatotoxicity of these six putative compound monomers, proving the results of spectrum-toxicity correlation analysis. Based on the correlation analysis of high-resolution mass spectrometry of detection compounds and high-content imaging of hepatocyte toxicity data, the potential toxic compound of herbal and dietary supplement products can be quickly and accurately screened.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais/toxicidade , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Psoralea/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Ficusina/toxicidade , Flavonoides/toxicidade , Humanos , Isoflavonas/toxicidade , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Imagem Molecular/métodos
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33488758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The classical Chinese herbal prescription Beimu-Gualou formula (BMGLF) has been diffusely applied to the treatment of respiratory diseases, including bronchiectasis. Although concerning bronchiectasis the effects and mechanisms of action of the BMGLF constituents have been partially elucidated, it remains to be determined how the formula in its entirety exerts therapeutic effects. METHODS: In this study, the multitarget mechanisms of BMGLF against bronchiectasis were predicted with network pharmacology analysis. Using prepared data, a drug-target interaction network was established and subsequently the core therapeutic targets of BMGLF were identified. Furthermore, the biological function and pathway enrichment of potential targets were analyzed to evaluate the therapeutic effects and pivotal signaling pathways of BMGLF. Finally, virtual molecular docking was performed to assess the affinities of compounds for the candidate targets. RESULTS: The therapeutic action of BMGLF against bronchiectasis involves 18 core target proteins, including the aforementioned candidates (i.e., ALB, ICAM1, IL10, and MAPK1), which are assumed to be related to biological processes such as drug response, cellular response to lipopolysaccharide, immune response, and positive regulation of NF-κB activity in bronchiectasis. Among the top 20 signaling pathways identified, mechanisms of action appear to be primarily related to Chagas disease, allograft rejection, hepatitis B, and inflammatory bowel disease. CONCLUSION: In summary, using a network pharmacology approach, we initially predicted the complex regulatory profile of BMGLF against bronchiectasis in which multilink suppression of immune/inflammatory responses plays an essential role. These results may provide a basis for novel pharmacotherapeutic approaches for bronchiectasis.

3.
Front Pharmacol ; 8: 562, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28912714

RESUMO

Background and Purpose:Polygonum orientale L. (family: Polygonaceae), named Hongcao in China, is a Traditional Chinese Medicinal and has long been used for rheumatic arthralgia and rheumatoid arthritis. However, no pharmacological and mechanism study to confirm these clinic effects have been published. In this investigation, the anti-inflammatory, analgesic effects and representative active ingredient compounds of P. orientale have been studied. Methods: Dried small pieces of the stems and leaves of P. orientale were decocted with water and partitioned successively to obtain ethyl acetate and ethyl ether extract of P. orientale (POEa and POEe). Chemical compositions of them were analyzed by UPLC-Q-Exactive HRMS. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of POEa and POEe were evaluated using xylene induced ear edema, carrageenan induced paw edema, Freunds' complete adjuvant induced arthritis, and formaldehyde induced pain in rat. Their mechanisms of anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects were also studied via assays of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and PGE2 in serum. Results: UPLC-Q-Exactive HRMS analysis showed that POEa and POEe mainly contained flavonoids including orientin, isoorientin, vitexin, luteolin, and quercetin. Furthermore, anti-inflammatory effects of POEa and POEe were evident in xylene induced ear edema. The paw edema in Freund's complete adjuvant and carrageenan were significantly (P < 0.05, 0.01) inhibited by POEa (5, 7.5 g/kg). POEe (7.5 g/kg) was significantly (P < 0.05, 0.01) inhibited Freunds' complete adjuvant induced paw edema and cotton pellet induced granuloma formation. Similarly, POEe significantly (P < 0.05, 0.01) inhibited the pain sensation in acetic acid induced writhing test. POEa (5, 7.5 g/kg) significantly (P < 0.05, 0.01) inhibited formaldehyde induced pain in both phases. POEa (7.5 g/kg) markedly (P < 0.05) prolonged the latency period of hot plate test after 30 and 60 min. The concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and PGE2 were significantly (P < 0.01) decreased by POEa (3.75, 5 g/kg). Conclusion: POEa and POEe have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, which was mainly relevant to the presence of flavonoids, including orientin, isoorientin, vitexin, luteolin, and quercetin. The mechanism of anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of POEa may be to decrease the concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and PGE2 in serum.

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