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1.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35024914

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most extensive and most deadly cancers in the world. Biomarkers for early diagnosis of HCC are still lacking, and noninvasive and effective biomarkers are urgently needed. Metabolomics is committed to studying the changes of metabolites under stimulation, and provides a new approach for discovery of potential biomarkers. In the current work, 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomics approach was utilized to explore the potential biomarkers in HCC progression, and the biomarker panel was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses. Our results revealed that a biomarker panel consisting of hippurate, creatinine, putrescine, choline, and taurine might be involved in HCC progression. Functional pathway analysis showed that taurine and hypotaurine metabolism is markedly involved in the occurrence and development of HCC. Furthermore, our results indicated that the TPA activity and the level and expression of PKM2 were gradually increased in HCC progression. This research provides a scientific basis for screening potential biomarkers of HCC.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 283: 114690, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597653

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one type of worldwide popular and refractory tumors. Compound Kushen Injection (CKI) is a frequently applied traditional Chinese medicine formula as an adjuvant drug for the chemotherapy of CRC. P53 is the most commonly mutated gene in CRC, accounting for the development, malignant and prognosis progression of CRC. However, effect of CKI on the therapeutic efficacy of p53-mutant CRC remains understood. Besides, the combined efficacy of different chemotherapeutics drugs in combination with CKI for CRC treatment is rarely concerned. AIM OF STUDY: To investigate the combined efficacy of the CKI-derived combination strategies in the p53-mutant CRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two CRC cell lines HCT116 and SW480 cells, which respectively harbor wild-type p53 and p53-R273H/P309S mutant, were applied. Cisplatin (Cis) and 5-fluorouracil (5FU) were combined chemotherapeutics drugs of CKI-derived combination strategies in this article. In vitro antitumor activity was detected by sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay and colony formation assay. Combenefit soft was applied to evaluate the synergetic/antagonistic effect of drug combination. Lentivirus-mediated overexpression method was used to generate a set of p53-mutant and wild-type CRC cell lines harboring identical genomes. Transcriptomics and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis were applied to predicate the underlying mechanism of synergetic interaction between drug combination. Western blot was performed to verify predicated pathways contributing to the synergy of drug combination. RESULTS: CKI preferentially combined with Cis but not 5FU, to produce a synergistical antitumor efficiency for p53-R273H/P309S mutant, rather than wild-type p53 harboring CRC cells. The combination of CKI and Cis strongly reprogrammed the transcriptional profiles of SW480 cells. Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction pathway was a key pathway involved in cooperativity between CKI and Cis in SW480 cells. Mechanistically, compared to that Cis individually triggered necroptosis, the co-treatment of CKI and Cis reinforced the cell death of SW480 cells in a possible synergistic manner by inducing extrinsic apoptosis pathway. CONCLUSION: This article provides a novel perspective into the precision clinical application of CKI-derived combination therapy programs of CRC based on genetic variation and the classes of chemotherapeutics drugs.

3.
J Proteome Res ; 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34874730

RESUMO

In this study, the polysaccharide of Farfarae Flos (FFP) was utilized as a reducing agent to the green synthesis of FFP@AgNPs, and the anticancer activity was evaluated using the HT29 cells. The results showed that the FFP@AgNPs could significantly decrease proliferation ability, inhibit migration, and promote cell apoptosis of HT29 cells, which suggested that the FFP@AgNPs showed significant, strong cytotoxicity against HT29 cells. The cell metabolomic analysis coupled with the heatmap showed an obvious metabolome difference for the cells with and without FFP@AgNPs treatment, which was related to 51 differential metabolites. Four metabolic pathways were determined as the key pathways, and the representative functional metabolites and metabolic pathways were validated in vitro. Nicotinic acid (NA) was revealed as the key metabolite relating with the effect of FFP@AgNPs, and it was interesting that NA supplementation could inhibit the proliferation ability of HT29 cells in vitro, lead to mitochondrial dysfunction, reduce intracellular ATP, and damage the integrity of the cell membrane, which exhibited a similar effect as FFP@AgNPs. In conclusion, this study not only revealed the anticancer mechanism of FFP@AgNPs against the HT29 cells but also provided the important reference that NA shows a potential role in the development of a therapy for colorectal cancer.

4.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 723147, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34899291

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most common malignant tumors among women worldwide and can be treated using various methods; however, side effects of these treatments cannot be ignored. Increasing evidence indicates that compound kushen injection (CKI) can be used to treat BC. However, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is characterized by "multi-components" and "multi-targets", which make it challenging to clarify the potential therapeutic mechanisms of CKI on BC. Herein, we designed a novel system pharmacology strategy using differentially expressed gene analysis, pharmacokinetics synthesis screening, target identification, network analysis, and docking validation to construct the synergy contribution degree (SCD) and therapeutic response index (TRI) model to capture the critical components responding to synergistic mechanisms of CKI in BC. Through our designed mathematical models, we defined 24 components as a high contribution group of synergistic components (HCGSC) from 113 potentially active components of CKI based on ADME parameters. Pathway enrichment analysis of HCGSC targets indicated that Rhizoma Heterosmilacis and Radix Sophorae Flavescentis could synergistically target the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and the cAMP signaling pathway to treat BC. Additionally, TRI analysis showed that the average affinity of HCGSC and targets involved in the key pathways reached -6.47 kcal/mmol, while in vitro experiments proved that two of the three high TRI-scored components in the HCGSC showed significant inhibitory effects on breast cancer cell proliferation and migration. These results demonstrate the accuracy and reliability of the proposed strategy.

5.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34965584

RESUMO

In this study, a positive charged C18 column was used to explore its performance in analysis of herbal medicines containing alkaloids and flavonoids with Nelumbinis Folium (NF) as an example. A chromatographic fingerprint analysis method was established by high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector with commonly used 0.1% formic acid as mobile phase additive and this method could simultaneously detect both alkaloids and flavonoids with good peak shape. It is noted that the HPLC conditions were directly applied in the HPLC-ESI-Orbitrap-MS/MS analysis, and 12 common peaks were identified. In the quantification method of nuciferine, compared with common C18 column, good performance was observed, including sharp and symmetric peak shape of nuciferine, and no obvious retention time shift in chromatogram. The fingerprint method and quantification method of nuciferine and quercetin-3-O-glucuronic acid could be readily utilized as quality control methods for NF and its related preparations.

6.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 781738, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34925106

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies have shown that childhood maltreatment (CM) is closely associated with social support in the general population. However, little is known about the associations of different types of CM with social support in Chinese patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), which was the goal of the current study. Methods: One hundred and sixty-six patients with moderate-to-severe MDD were enrolled. Participants were assessed by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-28 item Short Form, Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS), the 24-item Hamilton rating scale for depression, and the 14-item Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale. Correlation analysis and Hierarchical multiple linear regression analysis were adopted to investigate associations of types of CM with social support. Results: (1) Physical neglect (PN) and emotional neglect (EN) were the most commonly reported types of CM in patients with MDD. (2) EN was the only type of CM significant in the regression models of the SSRS total score, the score of subjective support, and the score of utilization of support. Limitations: The data of CM was collected retrospectively and recall bias may be introduced. Assessment of CM and social support were self-reported and could be influenced by the depression status. Conclusion: In Chinese patients with MDD, PN and EN are the most prevalent types of CM. EN is the only type of CM associated with low social support in regression models, calling for special attention in the assessment and intervention of EN.

7.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 728280, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744822

RESUMO

Background: Studies have shown a strong association between childhood maltreatment (CM) and major depressive disorder (MDD). Dysfunctional attitudes (DAs) play a crucial role in the development of MDD. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether (1) DAs are associated with CM, (2) specific CM types predict specific types of DAs, and (3) higher childhood trauma counts (CTCs) predict more DAs. Methods: One hundred seventy-one MDD participants and 156 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled for the study. CM was assessed retrospectively with the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. DAs were evaluated using the Chinese version of the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale-Form A (C-DAS-A). A series of analyses, including multiple analyses of covariance and hierarchical regression analyses, were used in this study to examine the hypotheses. Results: The proportion of CM was 60.2% in the MDD group and 44.2% in the HC group. The 2 × 2 analysis of covariance results showed no interaction effect between CM and MDD on C-DAS-A total score. When the factor scores replaced the C-DAS-A total score, a similar trend was observed. Within the MDD group, emotional abuse (EA) predicted two forms of DAs: self-determination type and overall DAs; physical neglect (PN) was predictive of attraction and repulsion-type DAs. Higher childhood trauma counts significantly predicted more types of DAs in the MDD group. Conclusion: DAs are a trait feature of CM. EA and PN predict specific types of DAs in MDD patients. Higher CTCs predict more DAs in MDD patients.

8.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 657047, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759816

RESUMO

Background: Cyclophosphamide is a common tumor chemotherapy drug used to treat various cancers. However, the resulting immunosuppression leads to leukopenia, which is a serious limiting factor in clinical application. Therefore, the introduction of immunomodulators as adjuvant therapy may help to reduce the hematological side effects of cyclophosphamide. Lvjiaobuxue granule has been widely used in the clinical treatment of gynecological diseases such as anemia and irregular menstruation. Recently, it has been found to increase the function of white blood cells, but its mechanism of action is still unclear. We aimed to reveal the mechanisms of Lvjiaobuxue granule against acute leukopenia by an integrated strategy combining metabolomics with network pharmacology. Methods: Subcutaneously inoculated 4T1 breast cancer cells to prepare tumor-bearing mice, intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide to establish a 4T1 tumor-bearing mice leukopenia animal model, using pharmacodynamic indicators, metabolomics, network pharmacology and molecular biology and other technical methods. To comprehensively and systematically elucidate the effect and mechanism of Lvjiaobuxue granule in improving cyclophosphamide-induced leukopenia in 4T1 tumor-bearing mice. Results: Lvjiaobuxue granule can improve the blood routine parameters and organ index levels of the leukopenia model of 4T1 tumor-bearing mice. Metabolomics studies revealed that 15 endogenous metabolites in the spleen of mice were considered as potential biomarkers of Lvjiaobuxue granule for their protective effect. Metabonomics and network pharmacology integrated analysis indicated that Lvjiaobuxue granule exerted the leukocyte elevation activity by inhibiting the branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) degradation pathway and increasing the levels of valine, leucine and isoleucine. The results of molecular biology also showed that Lvjiaobuxue granule can significantly regulate the key enzymes in the catabolism of BCAAs, which further illustrates the importance of BCAAs in improving leukopenia. Conclusion: Lvjiaobuxue granule exerts obvious pharmacological effects on the leukopenia model of 4T1 tumor-bearing mice induced by cyclophosphamide, which could be mediated by regulating the branched-chain amino acid degradation pathway and the levels of valine, leucine and isoleucine.

9.
Phytomedicine ; 93: 153781, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649212

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most extensive and most deadly cancers worldwide. The invasion and metastasis characteristics of HCC dramatically affect the prognosis and survival of HCC patients. Compound Kushen Injection (CKI) is a GMP produced, proverbially applied traditional Chinese medicine formula in China to treat cancer-associated pains, and used as an adjunctive therapy for HCC. Until so far, whether CKI could suppress the metastasis of HCC through regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition or metabolic reprogramming is still ambiguous. PURPOSE: In this study, the anti-metastasis effects of CKI were clarified and its pharmacological mechanisms were systematically explored. METHODS: Cell invasion and cell adhesion assay were performed in SMMC-7721 cells to assess the anti-metastasis role of CKI, and the histopathological evaluation and biochemical detection were utilized in DEN-induced HCC rats to verify the anti-HCC effect of CKI. Serum and liver samples were analyzed with 1H NMR metabolomics approach to screen the differential metabolites and further target quantification the content of key metabolites. Finally, western blotting and immunofluorescence assay were applied to verify the crucial signaling pathway involved in metabolites. RESULTS: CKI markedly repressed the invasion and adhesion in SMMC-7721 cells and significantly improved the liver function of DEN-induced HCC rats. CKI significantly regulated the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers (Vimentin and E-cadherin). Metabolomics results showed that CKI regulated the metabolic reprogramming of HCC by inhibiting the key metabolites (citrate and lactate) and enzymes (HK and PK) in glycolysis process. Importantly, we found that c-Myc mediates the inhibitory effect of CKI on glycolysis. We further demonstrated that CKI inhibits c-Myc expression through modulating Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in SMMC-7721 cells and DEN-induced HCC rats. Furthermore, through activating Wnt/ß-catenin pathway with LiCl, the inhibitory effects of CKI on HCC were diminished. CONCLUSION: Together, this study reveals that CKI intervenes metabolic reprogramming and epithelial-mesenchymal transition of HCC via regulating ß-catenin/c-Myc signaling pathway. Our research provides a new understanding of the mechanism of CKI against invasion and metastasis of HCC from the perspective of metabolic reprogramming.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Ratos , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/metabolismo
10.
J Proteome Res ; 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699232

RESUMO

Depression is a common psychopathological state or mood disorder syndrome. The serious risks to human life and the inadequacy of the existing antidepressant drugs have driven us to understand the pathogenesis of depression from a new perspective. Our research group has found disturbances in glucose catabolism in both depression and nephrotic syndrome. What are the specific metabolic pathways and specificities of glucose catabolism disorders caused by depression? To address the above scientific questions, we creatively combined traditional metabolomics technology with stable isotope-resolved metabolomics to research the glucose catabolism of the corticosterone-induced PC12 cell damage model and the adriamycin-induced glomerular podocyte damage model. The results showed an increased flux of pyruvate metabolism in depression. The increased flux of pyruvate metabolism led to an activation of gluconeogenesis in depression. The disturbed upstream metabolism of succinate caused the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) to be blocked in depression. In addition, there were metabolic disturbances in the purine metabolism and pentose phosphate pathways in depression. Compared with nephrotic syndrome, pyruvate metabolism, the TCA cycle, and gluconeogenesis metabolism in depression were specific. The metabolic pathways researched above are likely to be important targets for the efficacy of antidepressants.

11.
J Food Biochem ; 45(10): e13940, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545578

RESUMO

Foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv) is cultivated throughout most parts of Shanxi province. Although quite a number of reports have been conducted on the bioactivities of foxtail millet, little information was available on the metabolite differences of the foxtail millet seeds from different cultivation regions. In this study, a systematic study on the metabolite composition of the foxtail millet seed from Shanxi province was conducted by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography combined with electrospray ionization quadrupole/orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry, and 158 compounds were characterized through analysis of mass fragmentation patterns and comparison with the data in the databases and literatures. Then the metabolomic analysis, in combination with heatmap and hierarchical clustering analysis revealed the significant differences between the foxtail millet from northern and southern Shanxi province, which was ascribed to 20 differential metabolites. Then metabolic pathway analysis was performed based on these differential metabolites, and three metabolic pathways were selected as the key contributors. The results showed that foxtail millet from different cultivation regions showed obvious metabolite differences, which was probably related to environmental factors. In addition, the findings also provide an important reference for further research on the functional food development from foxtail millet. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv) as a staple food among the majority of people, is rich in bioactive nutrients, including free fatty acids, triglycerides, cellulose, protein, vitamins, and polyphenol, et al. The metabolite composition of the foxtail millet seed was investigated systematically and the results showed that the climate conditions can directly affect the metabolite composition of foxtail millets, and provided important reference for the further research on the resource utilization and functional food development from foxtail millet.


Assuntos
Setaria (Planta) , Humanos , Metabolômica , Sementes
12.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 627451, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557088

RESUMO

Depression, one of the most prevalent psychiatric diseases, affects the quality of life of millions of people. Studies have shown that the lower polar fraction of Bupleuri Radix (PBR) elicited therapeutic effects in chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) rats. In contrast, comparatively mild liver injury was observed in normal rats administered a high PBR dose. It is essential to clarify the effective and safe dose of PBR and its dose-effect/toxicity relationship. In this study, we used the CUMS model to evaluate the effects and toxicities of PBR and to decipher the dose-effect/toxicity relationship and mechanism using the liver metabonomics combined with multivariate statistical analysis. In CUMS rats, PBR improved the depression-like behaviors including reduced body growth rate, anhedonia, and locomotor activities, and markedly reduced the contents of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). In control rats, PBR treatment altered ALT and AST from typical levels. Moreover, the effective dose range for CUMS rats was 12.6-163 g (herb)/kg, the median toxicity dose for CUMS and normal rats were 388 and 207 g (herb)/kg. The toxicological results showed that the cytokeratin-18 fragment level was increased significantly in CUMS rats given with 100 g (herb)/kg PBR. After a comprehensive analysis, the use of PBR dose was determined to be 12.6-50 g (herb)/kg. In CUMS rats, PBR could reverse amino acid metabolism, energy metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, and ß-oxidation of fatty acids to produce an anti-depressant effect in a dose-dependent manner. In control rats, two additional metabolic pathways were significantly perturbed by PBR, including glycerophospholipid metabolism and bile acid metabolism. Moreover, the comprehensive metabolic index including dose-effect index (DEI) and dose toxicity index (DTI) had a remarkable ability (ROC = 0.912, ROC = 0.878) to predict effect and toxicity. The DEI and DTI were used to determine the dose range of effect and toxicity which was shown high concordance with previous results. Furthermore, the CUMS rats possessed a higher toxicity tolerance dose of PBR which was consistent with the theory of "You Gu Wu Yun" in traditional Chinese medicine. The metabonomics techniques combined with correlation analysis could be used to discover indicators for comprehensive evaluations of efficacy and toxicity.

13.
J Proteome Res ; 20(10): 4771-4786, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524820

RESUMO

Constipation and depression are tightly related and often co-occur and coexist in clinic. Yet, the relationships and the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Fecal metabolomics and network pharmacology were, for the first time, applied to investigate the potential correlations from multiple levels including classic behaviors, metabolomics, and gene targets. The behavioral indicators were analyzed, providing behavioral correlations at a macrolevel. Besides, fecal samples were analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to screen the shared and the unique metabolites and pathways, revealing correlations from a metabolic perspective. Finally, the disease targets and the functional pathways were obtained via network pharmacology, demonstrating correlations at the molecular level. The correlations between constipation and depression were demonstrated and supported by four-level evidence: (1) general behaviors, (2) gastrointestinal functions, (3) fecal metabolites and pathways, and (4) common gene targets and functional pathways. Especially, the correlations of behaviors and common metabolites showed that metabolites, including choline, betaine, and glycine, were significantly associated with constipation and depression. Besides, inflammation and immune abnormalities and energy metabolism were significantly involved in the mechanisms. The current findings prove the correlations between constipation and depression, and provide a basis for deeply understanding the comorbidities of constipation and depression.


Assuntos
Depressão , Metabolômica , Constipação Intestinal , Fezes , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4230-4237, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467737

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the mechanism of Xiaoyao San(XYS) in the treatment of three diseases of liver depression and spleen deficiency, ie, depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia, and to provide a theoretical basis for the interpretation of the scientific connotation of "treating different diseases with the same method" of traditional Chinese medicines. Traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform(TCMSP) was used to screen the active components of XYS which underwent principal component analysis(PCA) with the available drugs for these three diseases to determine the corresponding biological activities. The targets of XYS on depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia were obtained from GeneCards, TTD, CTD, and DrugBank databases. Cytoscape was used to plot the "individual herbal medicine-active components-potential targets" network. The resulting key targets were subjected to Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway analysis and gene ontology(GO) enrichment analysis. A total of 121 active components of XYS and 38 common targets in the treatment of depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia were collected. The key biological pathways were identified, including advanced glycation and products(AGEs)-receptor for advanced glycation and products(RAGE) signaling pathway in diabetic complications, HIF-1 signaling pathway, and cancer-related pathways. The key targets of XYS in the treatment of depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia included IL6, IL4, and TNF, and the key components were kaempferol, quercetin, aloe-emodin, etc. As revealed by the molecular docking, a strong affinity was observed between the key components and the key targets, which confirmed the results. The therapeutic efficacy of XYS in the treatment of diseases of liver depression and spleen deficiency was presumedly achieved by reducing the inflammatory reactions. The current findings are expected to provide novel research ideas and approaches to classify the scientific connotation of "treating different diseases with the same method" of Chinese medicines, as well as a theoretical basis for understanding the mechanism of XYS and exploring its clinical applications.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Dispepsia , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Dispepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hiperplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
15.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 205: 114357, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500237

RESUMO

This study aimed to demonstrate the pharmacological mechanism of total flavonoids extracted from Astragali Radix (AR) on cyclophosphamide (Cy)-induced leucopenia in mice. First, flow cytometry, network pharmacology and plasma metabolomics were integrated to investigate the pharmacological mechanism of total flavonoids, the targets from network pharmacology and metabolites from metabolomics were analyzed by DAVID. Then, the key cytokines were validated to confirm the predicted metabolic pathway results. The results showed that total flavonoids significantly increased body weight, routine blood indices, bone marrow DNA cells, and also markedly caused lymphocyte proliferation by increasing the percentages of CD4+ and CD8+. Using network pharmacology and metabolomics methods, the study identified 13 signal-related pathways regulated by total flavonoids including PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, Jak-STAT signaling pathway, Sphingolipid signaling pathway, and so on. Total flavonoids also reversed changes in serum cytokines IL-2, IL-6, and GM-CSF. Total flavonoids exhibits protective effects against leucopenia probably by modulating immunologic functions, promoting cell proliferation, and regulating related metabolic pathways at the system level.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Flavonoides , Animais , Ciclofosfamida/toxicidade , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Camundongos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Biologia de Sistemas
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(13): 3240-3248, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396743

RESUMO

Circadian rhythm disorder is a common society issue caused by jet lag,shift work,sleep disruption and changes in food consumption. Light is the major factor affecting the circadian rhythm system. Disruption of the circadian rhythm system can cause damage to the body,leading to some diseases. Maintaining a normal circadian system is of great importance for good health. Ideal therapeutic effect can not only alleviate symptoms of the diseases,but also recovery the disturbed circadian rhythm to normal. The paper summarizes the modeling methods of animal circadian rhythm disorder,diseases of circadian rhythm abnormality,regulation of circadian clock genes and medicine which are related to circadian rhythm to diseases of circadian rhythm disorder.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Transtornos do Sono do Ritmo Circadiano , Animais , Ritmo Circadiano/genética , Humanos , Síndrome do Jet Lag/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome do Jet Lag/genética , Sono
17.
J Proteome Res ; 20(9): 4487-4494, 2021 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435490

RESUMO

With the increasing knowledge about the important roles of gut microbiota on the biological system, a systematic strategy to profile the fecal metabolome is urgently needed. Thus, an unbiased, efficient, and reproducible fecal metabolite extraction protocol needs to be established; however, the effect of biphasic extraction methods for the fecal samples remains unclear. In this study, five different methods were assessed in the extraction of polar and non-polar metabolites for the liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)-based mouse fecal metabolomic study. First, the detection coverage of two extraction systems, the Bligh and Dyer extraction method (M1, chloroform/methanol/water, 2/2/1.8) and Matyash method (M2, methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE)/methanol/water, 10/3/2.5), was compared; then, MTBE/methanol/water system with different solvent ratios (M3, 2.6/2.0/2.4; M4, 4.5/1/2.5; and M5, 3/2.5/2.5) were further evaluated. The results showed that M2 showed higher detection coverage than M1. For the MTBE/methanol/water system with different solvent ratios, M3 showed the largest detection coverage based on peak numbers and numbers of putatively annotated metabolites, while M4 presented the least overlap between two phases, higher peak intensities of metabolites, and superior reproducibility. Based on the above evidence, M4 was recommended for the biphasic extraction of fecal metabolites in the LC-MS-based mouse fecal metabolomic study.


Assuntos
Metaboloma , Metabolômica , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 6641838, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239693

RESUMO

Osteoporosis (OP) is a highly prevalent orthopedic condition in postmenopausal women and the elderly. Currently, OP treatments mainly include bisphosphonates, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) antibody therapy, selective estrogen receptor modulators, teriparatide (PTH1-34), and menopausal hormone therapy. However, increasing evidence has indicated these treatments may exert serious side effects. In recent years, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has become popular for treating orthopedic disorders. Erxian Decoction (EXD) is widely used for the clinical treatment of OP, but its underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear thanks to its multiple components and multiple target features. In this research, we designed a network pharmacology method, which used a novel node importance calculation model to identify critical response networks (CRNs) and effective proteins. Based on these proteins, a target coverage contribution (TCC) model was designed to infer a core active component group (CACG). This approach decoded the mechanisms underpinning EXD's role in OP therapy. Our data indicated that the drug response network mediated by the CACG effectively retained information of the component-target (C-T) network of pathogenic genes. Functional pathway enrichment analysis showed that EXD exerted therapeutic effects toward OP by targeting PI3K-Akt signaling (hsa04151), calcium signaling (hsa04020), apoptosis (hsa04210), estrogen signaling (hsa04915), and osteoclast differentiation (hsa04380) via JNK, AKT, and ERK. Our method furnishes a feasible methodological strategy for formula optimization and mechanism analysis and also supplies a reference scheme for the secondary development of the TCM formula.

19.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 30: e44, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092271

RESUMO

AIMS: Alienation towards parents often occurs when parents divorce; however, it can also occur when one or both parents leave for work for more than 6 months. Our previous investigation has confirmed a high level of feelings of alienation towards parents among Chinese left-behind children. However, the longitudinal prediction of alienation on children's mental health outcomes remains largely unknown. This study aims to observe the prediction of alienation towards parents on children's depression 12 months later and potential mediators and moderators. METHODS: A total of 1090 Chinese left-behind children took part in this 12-month follow-up investigation, using the Chinese version of the Inventory of Alienation towards Parents (IAP), the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), the Adolescent Self-Rating Life-events Checklist (ASLEC), and the Adolescent Resilience Scale. RESULTS: Alienation towards parents was high (16.42 ± 7.27 for mother, 15.63 ± 7.17 for father) in left-behind children, and 21.01% of children reported depression. Alienation towards parents predicted current depression of children directly and later depression indirectly; children's alienation toward their mothers was a stronger predictor of depression than alienation towards fathers. In models, stressful life-events acted as a risk mediator. Previous depression was the strongest risk predictor, resilience was the strongest protective factor, and duration of fathers' absence and parents' marital status moderated the predictive effects. CONCLUSIONS: This study is among the first to longitudinally confirm that alienation towards parents is a predictor of children's later depression. The results provide important suggestions for families and schools; i.e. to prevent depression in left-behind children, parent-child bonds especially alienation towards mothers, should be carefully considered, and individuals with more negative life-events and weaker resilience need further attention.


Assuntos
Emoções , Pais , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Mães , Instituições Acadêmicas
20.
Front Psychol ; 12: 567364, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34140908

RESUMO

Major global public health emergencies challenge public mental health. Negative emotions, and especially fear, may endanger social stability. To better cope with epidemics and pandemics, early emotional guidance should be provided based on an understanding of the status of public emotions in the given circumstances. From January 27 to February 11, 2020 (during which the cases of COVID-19 were increasing), a national online survey of the Chinese public was conducted. A total of 132,482 respondents completed a bespoke questionnaire, the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, and the Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire (BEQ). Results showed that at the early stage of the COVID-19 epidemic, 53.0% of the Chinese population reported varying degrees of fear, mostly mild. As seen from regression analysis, for individuals who were unmarried and with a relatively higher educational level, living in city or area with fewer confirmed cases, cognitive reappraisal, positive expressivity and negative inhibition were the protective factors of fear. For participants being of older age, female, a patient or medical staff member, risk perception, negative expressivity, positive impulse strength and negative impulse strength were the risk factors for fear. The levels of fear and avoidant behavior tendencies were risk factors for disturbed physical function. Structural equation modeling suggested that fear emotion had a mediation between risk perception and escape behavior and physical function disturbance. The findings help to reveal the public emotional status at the early stage of the pandemic based on a large Chinese sample, allowing targeting of the groups that most need emotional guidance under crisis. Findings also provide evidence of the need for psychological assistance in future major public health emergencies.

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