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1.
Neoplasma ; 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386482

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third deadliest cancer in the world with high morbidity and poor prognosis. CTCFL (CCCTC-binding factor like) is a member of the cancer testis antigen (CTA) family with oncogenic properties. To demonstrate whether the hypomethylation of CTCFL promoters in plasma could be used as a noninvasive biomarker to predict poor prognosis of HCC, we extracted cell-free DNA from the plasma and detected the methylation status of CTCFL in 43 HCC, 5 liver cirrhosis and 6 benign lesion samples using methylation specific PCR (MSP). Our study indicated that the hypomethylation of CTCFL promoters in HCC plasma samples (60.4%) was significantly different from that in benign lesion plasma samples (16.7%) with a p value of 0.043. Analysis of clinicopathological data showed that the methylation status of CTCFL promoters was significantly correlated with microvascular involvement (MVI) (P = 0.001) and postoperative recurrence (P = 0.031). Furthermore, clinical prognosis data of 347 HCC patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database displayed that the hypomethylated group had worse overall survival than the hypermethylated group (P = 0.0056). In conclusion, we provide evidence that the hypomethylation of CTCFL promoters in cell-free DNA is a biomarker for monitoring HCC patients, which can be used as a noninvasive prediction index for tumor recurrence and provide the individualized decision-making for clinicians.

2.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(3): 234-241, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252203

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, survival and prognostic factors of elder patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Methods: The clinical data of elder patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma enrolled in the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from April 2006 to December 2012 were retrospectively collected. All the patients were divided into R-CHOP-like group and CHOP-like group according to the dosage regimen. And the differences in demographic characteristics, clinical features, survival time and prognostic factors were compared between these two groups. Results: A total of 158 patients were enrolled, of which 78 patients in the R-CHOP-like group and 80 patients in the CHOP-like group were eligible. There were no significant differences between two groups on age, gender, pathological staging, B symptoms, bulky mass, ECOG score, IPI score, pathological type, LDH level, ß(2)-MG level, lymphocyte/monocyte ratio(LMR), neutrophils/lymphocyte ratio(NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio(PLR), Ki-67 index and bone marrow invasion. In the R-CHOP like group, the median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 10 months, and the median overall survival (OS) time was 30 months. The 1-year and 2-year PFS rates were 46.2% and 19.2%, respectively. The 1-, 2-, and 5-year OS rates were 79.5%, 59.0%, and 19.2%, respectively. In the CHOP-like group, the median PFS was 7 months, and the median OS was 15 months. The 1-year and 2-year PFS rates were 27.5% and 12.5% respectively. The 1-year, 2-year, and 5-year OS rates were 65.0%, 32.5% and 13.8%, respectively. The median PFS time and OS time in the R-CHOP group were significantly better than those in the CHOP group (P<0.05 for both). A stratified analysis showed that the PFS time and OS time were superior in the R-CHOP-like group compared to the CHOP-like group among patients older than 70 years (P<0.05 for both). In patients with stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, the PFS time and OS time in the R-CHOP-like group were also superior to CHOP-like group (P<0.05 for both). Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that IPI score, LDH value, ß(2)-MG value, ECOG score, LMR, and PLR had an significant effect on prognosis (P<0.05 for all). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that lymphocyte/monocyte ratio and platelet/lymphocyte ratio were independent prognostic factors for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (P<0.05 for both). Conclusions: The R-CHOP-like chemotherapy regimen is superior to the CHOP-like regimen in the first-line treatment of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. ECOG score, LMR and PLR may be independent prognostic factors for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. ECOG score, LMR and PLR are independent prognostic factors.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina
3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(7): 3586-3591, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32329833

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To uncover the prognostic potentials of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) UCA1 and miR-18a in hepatocellular cancer (HCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Expression levels of UCA1 and microRNA-18a (miR-18a) in HCC tissues and adjacent normal ones harvested from 55 HCC patients were determined by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Clinical data of HCC patients were recorded, including pathological grading, tumor staging, intrahepatic metastasis, serum level of α-fetoprotein (AFP), tumor size, tumor number, recurrence, etc. Based on the median levels of UCA1 and miR-18a, enrolled HCC patients were classified into high-level and low-level group. Potential correlation between expression levels of UCA1 and miR-18a with survival of HCC patients was analyzed. The 5-year follow-up data of HCC patients were collected for analyzing factors that may influence prognosis in HCC patients by the Cox regression model. RESULTS: UCA1 was upregulated and miR-18a was downregulated in HCC tissues. HCC patients with stage III-IV, tumor size ≥5 cm or multiple tumors expressed high level of UCA1. Besides, HCC patients with stage I-II, non-intrahepatic metastasis or primarily diagnosed expressed a relatively low level of miR-18a. High-level UCA1 and low-level miR-18a predicted worse prognosis in HCC patients. Cox regression analysis revealed that tumor node metastasis (TNM) staging, intrahepatic metastases, postoperative recurrences, and UCA1 were risk factors for HCC, while miR-18a was the protective factor. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA UCA1 is upregulated and miR-18a is downregulated in HCC tissues. High-level UCA1 and low-level miR-18a are closely linked to poor prognosis in HCC.

4.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(2): 93-99, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135623

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the efficacy and prognosis of nilotinib or dasatinib as second- or third-line treatment in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in the chronic phase (CP) and accelerated phase (AP) . Methods: From January 2008 to November 2018, the data of CML patients who failed first- or second-line tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) -therapy received nilotinib or dasatinib as second-line and third-line therapy were retrospectively reviewed. Results: A total of 226 patients receiving nilotinib or dastinib as second-line (n=183) and third-line (n=43) therapy were included in this study. With a median follow-up of 21 (range, 1-135) months, the cumulative rates of complete hematological response (CHR) , complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) and major molecular response (MMR) were 80.4%, 56.3%and 38.3%, respectively in those receiving TKI as second-line TKI therapy. The 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 78.7%and 93.1%, respectively. Multivariate analyses showed that Sokal high risk, female gender, the best response achieved

Assuntos
Dasatinibe/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(4): 305-311, 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32133833

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the principles of differential diagnosis of pulmonary infiltrates in cancer patients during the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) by analyzing one case of lymphoma who presented pulmonary ground-glass opacities (GGO) after courses of chemotherapy. Methods: Baseline demographics and clinicopathological data of eligible patients were retrieved from medical records. Information of clinical manifestations, history of epidemiology, lab tests and chest CT scan images of visiting patients from February 13 to February 28 were collected. Literatures about pulmonary infiltrates in cancer patients were searched from databases including PUBMED, EMBASE and CNKI. Results: Among the 139 cancer patients who underwent chest CT scans before chemotherapy, pulmonary infiltrates were identified in eight patients (5.8%), five of whom were characterized with GGOs in lungs. 2019-nCoV nuclear acid testing was performed in three patients and the results were negative. One case was a 66-year-old man who was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma and underwent CHOP chemotherapy regimen. His chest CT scan image displayed multiple GGOs in lungs and the complete blood count showed decreased lymphocytes. This patient denied any contact with confirmed/suspected cases of 2019-nCoV infection, fever or other respiratory symptoms. Considering the negative result of nuclear acid testing, this patient was presumptively diagnosed with viral pneumonia and an experiential anti-infection treatment had been prescribed for him. Conclusions: The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) complicates the clinical scenario of pulmonary infiltrates in cancer patients. The epidemic history, clinical manifestation, CT scan image and lab test should be taken into combined consideration. The 2019-nCoV nuclear acid testing might be applied in more selected patients. Active anti-infection treatment and surveillance of patient condition should be initiated if infectious disease is considered.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Coronavirus , Lesão Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias/patologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
6.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 619-632, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016963

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) is being found to have relevance to human cancers, including prostate cancer (PCa). Taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) has been demonstrated to have a potential oncogenic role in PCa. Then the aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms of TUG1 on PCa progression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression levels of TUG1, YES proto-oncogene 1 (YES1) mRNA and miR-128-3p were assessed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Cell proliferation ability, apoptosis, and migration and invasion capacities were detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, flow cytometry and transwell assay, respectively. Western blot analysis was employed to evaluate the indicated proteins levels. The interaction between miR-128-3p and TUG1 or YES1 was determined using the Dual-Luciferase reporter assay. In vivo assay was used to observe the effect of TUG1 on tumor growth in vivo. RESULTS: Our data indicated that TUG1 was upregulated in PCa tissues and cells and predicted poor prognosis. TUG1 knockdown weakened PCa cell proliferation, migration, invasion, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and accelerated cell apoptosis in vitro. Mechanistically, TUG1 directly interacted with miR-128-3p and miR-128-3p mediated the regulatory effects of TUG1 depletion on PCa cell progression. YES1 was a direct target of miR-128-3p and TUG1 modulated YES1 expression by sponging miR-128-3p. Moreover, TUG1 silencing repressed PCa cell progression in vitro through YES1. Additionally, TUG1 silencing mitigated tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that TUG1 silencing retarded PCa cell progression in vitro and tumor growth in vivo through miR-128-3p/YES1 axis, showing that targeting TUG1 might be a novel therapeutic strategy for PCa management.

7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 720, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024831

RESUMO

Weyl semimetals host chiral fermions with distinct chiralities and spin textures. Optical excitations involving those chiral fermions can induce exotic carrier responses, and in turn lead to novel optical phenomena. Here, we discover strong coherent terahertz emission from Weyl semimetal TaAs, which is demonstrated as a unique broadband source of the chiral terahertz wave. The polarization control of the THz emission is achieved by tuning photoexcitation of ultrafast photocurrents via the photogalvanic effect. In the near-infrared regime, the photon-energy dependent nonthermal current due to the predominant circular photogalvanic effect can be attributed to the radical change of the band velocities when the chiral Weyl fermions are excited during selective optical transitions between the tilted anisotropic Weyl cones and the massive bulk bands. Our findings provide a design concept for creating chiral photon sources using quantum materials and open up new opportunities for developing ultrafast opto-electronics using Weyl physics.

8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(3): 239-244, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064856

RESUMO

In December 2019, novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and spread rapidly across the country. In the early stages of the epidemic, China adopted the containment strategy and implemented a series of core measures around this strategic point, including social mobilization, strengthening case isolation and close contacts tracking management, blocking epidemic areas and traffic control to reduce personnel movements and increase social distance, environmental measures and personal protection, with a view to controlling the epidemic as soon as possible in limited areas such as Wuhan. This article summarizes the background, key points and core measures in the country and provinces. It sent prospects for future prevention and control strategies.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , China , Busca de Comunicante , Humanos , Quarentena
10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086895

RESUMO

Objective:To analyze the distribution of allergens and the risk factors in patients with allergic rhinitis in Qingdao area. Method:Two hundred and sixteen patients diagnosed with allergic rhinitis and 49 healthy volunteers were admitted to the outpatient clinic of the Otolaryngology Department of the three branches of Qingdao University Affiliated Hospital in Qingdao from August 2018 to March 2019. A total of 271 patients(5-84 years old) were included in the epidemiological investigation. The study conducted a skin stinging test of inhalation allergens. In addition, the questionnaire of allergic disease and self-examination of dust mite allergy were carried out for each group of patients, and the results were analyzed and counted. Result:①In 216 patients with allergic rhinitis, the top six inhalation allergens were dust mites(55.0%), house dust mites(46.1%), tropical mites(21.8%), dog hair(16.6%), Artemisia halodendron(13.3%), and German cockroaches(10.3%). ②Inhalation allergens, the degree of positive of house dust mites and dust mites were mainly(+++), the degree of positive of Artemisia halodendron were mainly(+++) and(++++), and the degree of positive of other allergens were mainly(++). ③There were statistically significant differences in the positive rates of inhalation allergens in different age groups, and the positive rates of inhalation allergens gradually decreased with age after adulthood. ④The single factor and multi-factor logical regression analysis all showed that the history of smoking, family history, age less than 18 years, and 18-40 years old were closely related to the occurrence of allergic rhinitis(P<0.05). ⑤Using Spearson-related analysis and loess regression analysis, it was found that with the increase of dust mite self-examination score, the positive rate of dust mite increased significantly. Conclusion:The most important inhalation allergens of patients with allergic rhinitis in Qingdao area are dust mites, dog hair and artemisinin. The positive rate of inhalation allergens is influenced by age and there are certain rules in them. Smoking history, family history, age and other factors are risk factors for allergic rhinitis. The dust mite self-examination score can predict the occurrence of dust mite allergy.


Assuntos
Alérgenos/análise , Rinite Alérgica/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Artemisia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Baratas , Cães , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pyroglyphidae , Fatores de Risco , Testes Cutâneos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; 39(2): 224-234, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610697

RESUMO

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a key role in the process of pulmonary fibrosis (PF). Increasing evidences have shown that exaggerated EMT in recurrent pulmonary injury mediates the early pathogenesis of PF. This study aimed to evaluate EMT of human alveolar epithelial cells (A549) when cocultured with human macrophages Tohoku hospital pediatrics-1 (THP-1) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and investigate the role of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway. Firstly, we detected the inflammatory and EMT biomarkers in A549 cells monoculture and A549/THP-1 cells coculture in the presence or absence of LPS. Then, the activation of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway was determined in coculture. Interestingly, inflammatory markers, such as interleukin (IL)-6, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß, and collagen type 1 (COL-1), were enhanced in LPS treated coculture. Besides, the expression of E-cadherin decreased but α-smooth muscle actin expression increased, indicating the presence of EMT in A549 cells when cocultured with THP-1 macrophages. However, these phenotypes could not be observed in LPS-treated A549 cells monoculture. Meanwhile, JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway was activated, and the STAT3 DNA-binding and inflammatory markers were inhibited by Stattic. Together, these findings demonstrate the key role of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in LPS promoted EMT of A549 in the presence of THP-1 macrophages as an in vitro PF model.

12.
J Dairy Sci ; 103(2): 1337-1351, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785880

RESUMO

This study was carried out to investigate the effects of pH and heat on the structure and function of milk proteins by comparing goat milk treated under different pH and temperature conditions. The results showed that pH had a significant effect on the thermal stability of goat milk proteins, and the proteins were least thermally stable at pH 7.7. Except for the pH 6.9 goat milk, the surface hydrophobicities of the milk proteins at various pH values reached their maxima at 85°C. The particle size, zeta potential, and content of regular secondary structure also decreased significantly at 85°C, and the turbidity of milk proteins under alkaline pH conditions was lower than that under acidic conditions. It was concluded that alkaline conditions resulted in better emulsion stability and oil-holding capacity, and acidic conditions offered better foaming ability, foam stability, and water-holding capacity for goat milk protein during heat processing. It can also be seen that 85°C was the key temperature for milk proteins after changing the pH of the milk. This paper provides a theoretical basis for optimizing the processing conditions for goat milk and the applications of goat milk proteins.

13.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 200(1): 22-32, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31849037

RESUMO

B10 cells restore immune balance by producing interleukin (IL)-10. Impaired B10 cell responses are related to numerous autoimmune diseases. However, the function of B10 cells in type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients is controversial. We hypothesized that there are numerical and functional defects of B10 cells in T1D. Sixty-two patients with T1D and 74 healthy volunteers were included in our study. We showed that B10 cells in human peripheral blood belong to a CD24hi CD38hi B cell subpopulation. CD24hi CD38hi B cells from healthy individuals possessed regulatory capacity, suppressed interferon (IFN)-γ, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and IL-17A production and promoted IL-4 production and forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3) expression in CD4+ T cells through an IL-10-dependent mechanism. Compared to healthy controls, B10 cell percentages in T1D were significantly lower (5·6 ± 3·5 versus 6·9 ± 3·3%; P < 0·05), produced less IL-10 (15·4 ± 4·3 versus 29·0 ± 4·5%; P < 0·001) and lacked regulatory capacity. In addition, Pearson's correlation analysis showed that the frequency of circulating B10 cells was negatively correlated with the frequency of CD4+ IFN-γ+ and CD4+ TNF-α+ T cells (r = -0·248 and r = -0·283, P = 0·008 and P = 0·017, respectively), positively correlating with the frequency of CD4+ CD25+ FoxP3+ T cells (r = 0·247, P = 0·001). These data offer direct proof that there is a deficiency of circulating CD24hi CD38hi B cells in peripheral blood of patients with T1D, which participate in the T1D immune imbalance involved in the development of T1D.

14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(11): 1432-1438, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838817

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the prevalence of carotid plaque (CP) in population at high-risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Jiangsu province and identify related influencing factors. Methods: Based on the China Patient-centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events Million Persons Project from 2015 to 2016, a total of 11 392 persons at high-risk for CVD were selected from six project areas in Jiangsu province for the questionnaire survey, physical measurement, laboratory test and bilateral ultrasound examination of carotid arteries. The prevalence of CP and influencing factors of abnormal carotid arteries, CP and plaque burden (CP≥2) were analyzed. Results: Among the persons surveyed, 4 821 (42.3%) were males. The age of the persons surveyed was (59.4±8.9) years. There were 5 971 abnormal carotid arteries cases (52.4%), including 1 782 carotid intima-media thickness thickening cases (15.6%), 3 811 CP cases (33.5%) and 378 carotid stenosis cases (3.3%). Older age (OR=2.253, 95%CI: 2.127-2.386), urban residence (OR=2.622, 95%CI: 2.375-2.895), hypertension (OR=1.439, 95%CI: 1.195-1.732), smoking (OR=1.441, 95%CI: 1.259- 1.650), pulse pressure difference (OR=1.270, 95%CI: 1.198-1.347), fasting plasma glucose (FPG) (OR=1.109, 95%CI: 1.059-1.161) and LDL-C/HDL-C (OR=1.225, 95%CI: 1.164-1.288) were possible risk factors of CP in population at high risk for CVD. Being women (OR=0.558, 95%CI: 0.494-0.630), high BMI (OR=0.948, 95%CI: 0.904-0.994), higher levels of education (OR=0.708, 95%CI: 0.531-0.945), and higher annual household income (OR=0.773, 95%CI: 0.669-0.894) were the possible protective factors. Conclusions: Over half of the population at high-risk for CVD in Jiangsu showed abnormal carotid arteries. High blood pressure, high blood glucose, high blood lipids and smoking were the main factors that could be changed.


Assuntos
Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/etnologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Placa Aterosclerótica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etnologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/patologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
15.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(11): 889-894, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856435

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the current status and real performance of the detection of RUNX1-RUNX1T1 fusion transcript levels and WT1 transcript levels in China through interlaboratory comparison. Methods: Peking University People's Hospital (PKUPH) prepared the samples for comparison. That is, the fresh RUNX1-RUNX1T1 positive (+) bone morrow nucleated cells were serially diluted with RUNX1-RUNX1T1 negative (-) nucleated cells from different patients. Totally 23 sets with 14 different samples per set were prepared. TRIzol reagent was added in each tube and thoroughly mixed with cells for homogenization. Each laboratory simultaneously tested RUNX1-RUNX1T1 and WT1 transcript levels of one set of samples by real-time quantitative PCR method. All transcript levels were reported as the percentage of RUNX1-RUNX1T1 or WT1 transcript copies/ABL copies. Spearman correlation coefficient between the reported transcript levels of each participated laboratory and those of PKUPH was calculated. Results: ①RUNX1-RUNX1T1 comparison: 9 samples were (+) and 5 were (-) , the false negative and positive rates of the 20 participated laboratories were 0 (0/180) and 5% (5/100) , respectively. The reported transcript levels of all 9 positive samples were different among laboratories. The median reported transcript levels of 9 positive samples were from 0.060% to 176.7%, which covered 3.5-log. The ratios of each sample's highest to the lowest reported transcript levels were from 5.5 to 12.3 (one result which obviously deviated from other laboratories' results was not included) , 85% (17/20) of the laboratories had correlation coefficient ≥0.98. ②WT1 comparison: The median reported transcript levels of all 14 samples were from 0.17% to 67.6%, which covered 2.6-log. The ratios of each sample's highest to the lowest reported transcript levels were from 5.3-13.7, 62% (13/21) of the laboratories had correlation coefficient ≥0.98. ③ The relative relationship of the reported RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript levels between the participants and PKUPH was not always consistent with that of WT1 transcript levels. Both RUNX1-RUNX1T1 and WT1 transcript levels from 2 and 7 laboratories were individually lower than and higher than those of PKUPH, whereas for the rest 11 laboratories, one transcript level was higher than and the other was lower than that of PKUPH. Conclusion: The reported RUNX1-RUNX1T1 and WT1 transcript levels were different among laboratories for the same sample. Most of the participated laboratories reported highly consistent result with that of PKUPH. The relationship between laboratories of the different transcript levels may not be the same.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , China , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Humanos , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1 , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transcrição Genética , Proteínas WT1
16.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(11): 924-931, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856442

RESUMO

Objectives: To compare the efficacy and safety of Chinese generic imatinib with branded imatinib as frontline therapy in adults with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP) (Frontline group) , and to explore the efficacy and safety of Chinese generic imatinib in CML-CP patients switching from branded imatinib (Switching group) . Methods: Frontline group: Data of adults with newly diagnosed CML-CP receiving Chinese generic imatinib (Xinwei(®)) or branded imatinib (Glivec(®)) between October 2013 and August 2018 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Switching group: Data of adults diagnosed with CML-CP who received branded imatinib and then switched to Chinese generic imatinib after achieving at least complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Results: Frontline group: In total, 409 adult patients receiving Chinese generic imatinib (n=201) or Glivec (n=208) were included in this study. Median age was 42 years (range, 18-83 years) . Comparison of baseline showed significant difference on demographic characteristics among two cohorts: lower education level (P<0.001) , and divorced or widowed status (P=0.004) and rural household registration (P<0.001) were more common in the generic imatinib cohort than those in the Glivec cohort. There was no significant difference on age, gender, Sokal risk score, WBC and HGB between the 2 cohorts. With a median follow-up of 25 months (range, 3-62 months) , there was no significant difference on the 3-year cumulative incidence of achieving CCyR (97.5% vs 94.5%, P=0.592) , major molecular response (MMR) (84.3% vs 93.1%, P=0.208) , molecular response(4.0) (MR(4.0)) (42.7% vs 41.7%, P=0.277) , molecular response(4.5) (MR(4.5)) (25.4% vs 33.0%, P=0.306) as well as the 3-year probabilities of failure free survival (FFS) (76.7% vs 81.0%, P=0.448) , progression free survival (PFS) (91.8% vs 96.3%, P=0.325) and overall survival (OS) (95.8% vs 98.5%, P=0.167) between the generic and branded imatinib cohorts. Multivariate analysis showed the type of imatinib was not associated with treatment responses and outcomes. The incidences of adverse effects were comparable in the 2 cohorts. Switching group: In total, 39 patients switching from branded imatinib to Chinese generic imatinib after achieving at least CCyR were included in this study. Median age was 42 years (range, 23-80 years) . With a median follow-up of 39 months (range, 6-63 months) , molecular responses were maintained in 23 (58.9%) patients and improved in 12 (39.8%) patients. Adverse effects were tolerable. Conclusion: Demographic characteristics might influence the choice of the type of TKI used in CML-CP patients. There was a comparable efficacy and safety between the Chinese generic imatinib and the branded imatinib in adults with newly diagnosed CML-CP under standard management and closely monitoring. Patients could safely switch from the branded imatinib to the Chinese generic imatinib.


Assuntos
Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos , Demografia , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(11): 1098-1103, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683394

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the status of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) use in areas with a high incidence of upper gastrointestinal cancer in China. Methods: This study was based on the National Key Research and Development Program of "National Precision Medicine Cohort of Esophageal Cancer" and "Study on Identification and Prevention of High-risk Populations of Gastrointestinal Malignancies (Esophageal cancer, Gastric cancer and Colorectal cancer)" . From January 2017 to August 2018, 212 villages or communities with a high incidence of esophageal cancer or gastric cancer were selected from 12 regions in 6 provinces. A total of 35 910 residents aged between 40 and 69 years old who met the inclusion criteria and signed the informed consent were investigated and enrolled in this study. The use of NSAIDs, demographic characteristics, health-related habits, height, weight, and blood pressure were collected by the questionnaire and physical examination. The status of main NSAIDs (aspirin, acetaminophen and ibuprofen) use with the difference varying in genders, age groups and regions were analyzed by using χ(2) test and Cochran-Armitage trend analysis method. Results: Of 35 910 subjects, the mean age was (54.6±7.1) years old and males accounted for 43.42% (15 591). The overall prevalence of NSAIDs intake was 4.56% (1 638), but it significantly varied in different provinces (P<0.001). The overall prevalence of NSAIDs intake was 4.87% (1 750) in females, which was significantly higher than that in males 4.24% (1 524) (P<0.001). The prevalence of NSAIDs intake increased with age (P for trend <0.001). As the frequency of NSAIDs intake increased, the incidence of gastrointestinal symptoms, gastrointestinal ulcers and black stools increased (P for trend <0.05 for all). Conclusion: The use of NSAIDs is prevalent in some areas with a high incidence of upper gastrointestinal cancer in China. The increased use of NSAIDs may lead to more adverse effects related to the gastrointestinal tract.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Anticarcinógenos/efeitos adversos , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/epidemiologia , Ibuprofeno/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Anticarcinógenos/farmacologia , Aspirina/farmacologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/etnologia , Humanos , Ibuprofeno/farmacologia , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 40(12): 2166-2171, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intraspinal paragonimiasis is a rare entity for which imaging findings have seldom been described. The present study investigated the MR imaging features of spinal paragonimiasis, thus providing diagnostic imaging evidence and exploring the possible pathogenesis of intraspinal paragonimiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical and imaging findings of spinal paragonimiasis in 6 children were analyzed retrospectively. Spinal MR imaging was performed in all patients, 5 of whom also underwent enhanced MR imaging. The diagnosis was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in all cases and postoperative pathology in 4 cases. RESULTS: All cases manifested as fusiform-shaped or beanlike masses in the extradural space in the thoracic spine. The extradural masses were connected with pleural lesions through the intervertebral foramen. The plain MR imaging scan showed mixed signals with predominant isointensity on T1WI and hyperintensity on T2WI, among which 5 (5/6) masses presented as patchy hemorrhage with hyperintensity on T1WI. On enhanced scans, all masses (5/5) showed heterogeneous marked enhancement, with thickening and enhancement in the adjacent spinal meninges (5/5). Various degrees of spinal cord compression and edema were found in 5 cases (5/6). CONCLUSIONS: MR imaging is sensitive for detecting and characterizing spinal paragonimiasis. The MR imaging features of intraspinal granulomas included localization to the extradural space and thoracic segment, connections between intraspinal lesions and pleural lesions through the intervertebral foramen, and hemorrhagic foci within the mass. These findings support an intraspinal mode of paragonimiasis pathogenesis: The Paragonimus larvae migrate from the chest into the extradural space through the intervertebral foramen.

19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(40): 3145-3151, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694105

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the distribution of gene mutations in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, based on next generation sequencing technology (NGS) and to evaluate their value in AML risk stratification. Methods: The study analyzed 453 newly diagnosed AML(excluded acute promyelocytic leukemia, APL) patients from seven hospitals in Shanghai, from January 1st 2014 to December 31th 2017. RNA and DNA were extracted from pretreatment bone marrow mononuclear cells and targeted sequencing of AML genes were performed. The data of different groups was compared. Results: A total of 453 newly diagnosed AML patients were enrolled in the study, including 247 males and 206 females with a median age of 49.5 (range,11-85) years. A total of 540 mutations/fusion genes were detected in 289 patients, 29.1% (132/259) of whom with two or more mutations/fusion genes. In all patients, NPM1 was the most common mutation(12.8%), followed by ETO and TET2 mutation (11.92% and 11.04%, respectively) . And WT1 over-expression accounted for 10.6%. Patients over the age of 50 were with a higher frequency of mutations associated with epigenetic modification, 11.93% for ASXL1, 13.99% for DMNT3A, 6.58% for IDH1/IDH2, and 13.17% for TET2. The frequency of DMNT3A mutations was three times higher than that of patients under 50 years of age (P=0.017). In this study, a relatively low proportion of genetic mutations was observed in low-risk karyotype group. In the medium-risk karyotype group, the relatively high mutation frequencies were observed in NPM1, TET2, FLT3-ITD, DNMT3A, ASXL1, and CEBPA genes. In the poor-risk karyotype group, the mutation frequencies of ASXL1, TET2, DNMT3A and PHF6 genes were more than 10%, especially ASXL1 and PHF6 mutation frequencies were significantly higher than other molecular risk stratification groups (P<0.05). Of the 254 patients (56%) with normal karyotype AML (NK-AML), 56 patients were detected to have gene mutations about epigenetic modification. The median OS of this group was worse than that of patients without related mutations, while the median LFS had no significant difference. In patients with NK-AML older than 50 years, the OS and LFS of patients with epigenetic modification related gene mutations was 12 months and 10 months, versus 18 months and 12 months of patients without mutations. Conclusions: The gene mutations frequencies in AML patients with different age and molecular risk stratification groups are different. Epigenetics gene mutation frequencies, such as DNMT3A, ASXL1, IDH1/IDH2 and TET2,are higher in patients older than 50 years. A shorter OS can be observed in older patients(>50 years) with epigenetics gene mutation.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
20.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(10): 831-836, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775482

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the characteristic and prognostic significance of leukemia stem cells associated antigens expressions including CD34, CD38, CD123, CD96 and TIM-3 in t (8;21) AML. Methods: Bone marrow samples of 47 t (8;21) AML patients were collected at diagnosis from October 2015 to April 2018 in Peking University Peoples' Hospital, then flow cytometry method was performed to detect the expression frequencies of CD34, CD38, CD123, CD96 and TIM-3 to analyze the relationship between leukemia stem cells associated antigens expressions and relapse. Results: Of 47 t (8;21) AML patients tested, the median percentages of CD34(+)CD38(-), CD34(+) CD38(-)CD123(+), CD34(+)CD38(-) CD96(+) and CD34(+) CD38(-) TIM-3(+) cells among nucleated cells were 2.37%, 0.24%, 0.27% and 0.06%, respectively. All the frequencies of CD34(+)CD38(-), CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(+), CD34(+)CD38(-)CD96(+) and CD34(+) CD38(-)TIM-3(+) cells had no impact on the achievement of CR after the first course of induction. All higher frequencies of CD34(+)CD38(-), CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(+), CD34(+)CD38(-)CD96(+) cells were related to higher 2-year CIR rate. Whereas, the frequency of CD34(+) CD38(-) TIM-3(+) cells had no impact on CIR rate. Both high frequency of CD34(+) CD38(-) cells and the high level of minimal residual diseases (patients with <3-log reduction in the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript level after the second consolidation therapy) were independent poor prognostic factors of CIR[P=0.025, HR=6.9 (95%CI 1.3-37.4) ; P=0.031, HR=11.1 (95%CI 1.2-99.2) ]. Conclusion: Different leukemia stem cells associated antigens had distinct prognostic significance in t (8;21) AML. High frequencies of CD34(+) CD38(-), CD34(+) CD38(-) CD123(+) and CD34(+)CD38(-)CD96(+) cells at diagnosis predicted relapse in patients with t (8;21) AML.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1 , Antígenos CD , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-3 , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas , Prognóstico , Células-Tronco
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