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1.
Hematol Oncol ; 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531760

RESUMO

Although several studies have investigated the benefits of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for patients with inv (16) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first complete remission (CR1) individually stratified by KIT or FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3-internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) mutation status or minimal residual disease (MRD) levels, evaluation based on the combination of mutation status and MRD levels remains absent. This study included 157 adult patients with inv (16) AML who were consecutively diagnosed and receiving treatment at our center. A total of 50 (31.6%) patients had KIT mutations (KITMU ), and the risk of relapse was significantly higher in patients with KITMU than in patients with KITWT (p < 0.001). A total of 12 patients (7.6%) had FLT3-ITD, and FLT3-ITD+ tended to be related to a higher risk of relapse (p = 0.14). KITMU , FLT3-ITD and MRD3-H (beta subunit of core binding factor-myosin heavy chain 11 levels >0.2% after course 2 of consolidation therapy) were independent adverse prognostic factors for relapse with patients who received allo-HSCT at CR1 were censored at the time of transplantation. After combination, patients were categorized into molecularly defined high-risk (M-HR; KITMU or FLT3-ITD+ with MRD3-H; n = 30), low-risk (M-LR; KITWT and FLT3-ITD- with MRD3-L; n = 45) and intermediate-risk (M-IR; others; n = 70) groups. For the M-HR group, allo-HSCT significantly improved both cumulative incidence of relapse cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and overall survival (OS) (11.1% vs. 92.6%, p < 0.001; 90.0% vs. 34.1%, p = 0.019). For the M-IR group, allo-HSCT significantly improved CIR but did not affect OS (14.1% vs. 62.2%, p = 0.0004; 73.3% vs. 68.3%, p = 0.43). For the M-LR group, allo-HSCT had no significant effect on both CIR and OS (0% vs. 35.1%, p = 0.31; 100% vs. 78.8%, p = 0.22). Therefore, the combination of KIT and FLT3-ITD mutation status with MRD levels may identify inv (16) AML patients with high-risk who can benefit from allo-HSCT in CR1.

2.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35505580

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Adult acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients with complex karyotype (CK) generally have unfavourable outcomes. CK commonly co-exists with characteristic chromosomal and genetic abnormalities such as monosomal karyotype (MK), -17 or 17p- [abn(17p)] and TP53 mutations. Their individual prognostic significance needs to be clarified. METHODS: Seventy-three adult CK-AML patients and eleven adult non-CK-AML patients with TP53 mutations (non-CK/TP53mu ) who were diagnosed and received therapy at our institute were enrolled. One hundred and fifty-seven AML cases retrieved from the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) for validation. RESULTS: Among CK-AML patients, those with TP53 mutations (CK/TP53mu ) had significantly lower rates of 1-course induction complete remission (CR), 2-year relapse-free survival (RFS) and 2-year overall survival (OS) than those without TP53 mutations (CK/TP53wt ); whereas, abn(17p) did not have the above impacts; MK was significantly associated with a lower 2-year OS rate but was not related to the rates of CR and RFS. Multivariate analysis showed that it were TP53 mutations and treating with chemotherapy alone but not MK and abn(17p) that independently predicted the adverse prognosis for RFS and OS in CK-AML. Furthermore, non-CK/TP53mu patients showed similar rates of CR, RFS and OS to CK/TP53mu patients. Validation using the TCGA cohort showed that CK/TP53mu patients had a significantly lower 2-year OS rate than CK/TP53wt patients, whereas abn(17p) and MK did not impact OS; the 2-year OS rate of patients with CK/TP53wt was similar to that of patients with intermediate-risk cytogenetics. CONCLUSION: Adult CK-AML patients have varied risks and TP53 mutations seem to be an independent adverse prognostic factor.

3.
Front Immunol ; 13: 757002, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35154096

RESUMO

For allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients, preemptive interferon-α (IFN-α) therapy is considered as a useful method to eliminate the minimal residual disease (MRD). Our purpose is to assess the long-term efficacy of preemptive IFN-α therapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients following allo-HSCT based on two registry studies (#NCT02185261 and #NCT02027064). We would present the final data and unpublished results of long-term clinical outcomes with extended follow-up. We adopted polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) to monitor MRD, and a positive result of bone marrow specimen examined by either of them would be identified as the MRD-positive status. Subcutaneous injections of recombinant human IFN-α-2b were performed for 6 cycles, and prolonged IFN-α therapy could be permitted at the request of patients. The median cycles were 3.5 (range, 0.5-30.5) cycles. A total of 9 patients suffered from grade ≥3 toxicities (i.e., infectious: n = 6; hematologic: n = 3). The 6-year cumulative incidences of relapse and non-relapse mortality following IFN-α therapy were 13.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.4-20.6%) and 3.9% (95%CI, 0.0-17.6%), respectively. The probability of disease-free survival at 6 years following IFN-α therapy was 83.1% (95%CI, 75.2-91.9%). The probability of overall survival at 6 years following IFN-α therapy was 88.3% (95%CI, 81.4-95.8%). The cumulative incidences of total chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) and severe cGVHD at 6 years following IFN-α therapy were 66.2% (95%CI, 55.5-77.0%) and 10.4% (95%CI, 3.6-17.2%), respectively. Multivariable analysis showed that an alternative donor was associated with a lower risk of relapse and the better disease-free survival. Thus, preemptive IFN-α therapy could clear MRD persistently, prevent relapse truly, and improve long-term survival in AML patients following allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Interferon alfa-2/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Sistema de Registros , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
4.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 11, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34979982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) gene is located on chromosome 11q23. The MLL gene can be rearranged to generate partial tandem duplications (MLL-PTD), which occurs in about 5-10% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a normal karyotype and in 5-6% of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is currently one of the curative therapies available for AML and MDS with excess blasts (MDS-EB). However, how the prognosis of patients with high levels of MLL-PTD after allo-HSCT, and whether MLL-PTD could be used as a reliable indicator for minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring in transplant patients remains unknown. Our study purposed to analyze the dynamic changes of MLL-PTD peri-transplantation and the best threshold for predicting relapse after transplantation. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical data of 48 patients with MLL-PTD AML or MDS-EB who underwent allo-HSCT in Peking University People's Hospital. The MLL-PTD was examined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) at the diagnosis, before transplantation and the fixed time points after transplantation. Detectable MLL-PTD/ABL > 0.08% was defined as MLL-PTD positive in this study. RESULTS: The 48 patients included 33 AML patients and 15 MDS-EB patients. The median follow-up time was 26(0.7-56) months after HSCT. In AML patients, 7 patients (21.2%) died of treatment-related mortality (TRM), 6 patients (18.2%) underwent hematological relapse and died ultimately. Of the 15 patients with MDS-EB, 2 patients (13.3%) died of infection. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and TRM were 13.7 ± 5.2, 67.8 ± 6.9, 68.1 ± 6.8 and 20.3% ± 6.1%, respectively. ROC curve showed that post-transplant MLL-PTD ≥ 1.0% was the optimal cut-off value for predicting hematological relapse after allo-HSCT. There was statistical difference between post-transplant MLL-PTD ≥ 1.0% and MLL-PTD < 1.0% groups (3-year CIR: 75% ± 15.3% vs. 0%, P < 0.001; 3-year OS: 25.0 ± 15.3% vs. 80.7% ± 6.6%, P < 0.001; 3-year DFS: 25.0 ± 15.3% vs. 80.7 ± 6.6%, P < 0.001; 3-year TRM: 0 vs. 19.3 ± 6.6%, P = 0.277). However, whether MLL-PTD ≥ 1% or MLL-PTD < 1% before transplantation has no significant difference on the prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that MLL-PTD had a certain stability and could effectively reflect the change of tumor burden. The expression level of MLL-PTD after transplantation can serve as an effective indicator for predicting relapse.


Assuntos
Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Rearranjo Gênico/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Neoplasia Residual , Período Pós-Operatório , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo , Carga Tumoral/genética
5.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 63(1): 152-161, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405769

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;21) is a heterogeneous disease and needs to be stratified. Both, cancer cells and immune cells participate in tumor initiation, growth and progression and might affect clinical outcomes. TIM-3 (T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3), an immune checkpoint molecule, is expressed not only on immune cells but also on leukemic stem cells (LSCs) in AML. This prompted us to investigate the prognostic significance of TIM-3 in t(8;21) AML. A total of 47 t(8;21) AML patients were tested for TIM-3 expression by multi-parameter flow cytometry at diagnosis. 35 of these, who received chemotherapy alone or along with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were followed up. The expression pattern of TIM-3 on T-cells and NK (natural killer) cells as a whole (T + NK) and LSCs were evaluated independently. High percentage of T + NK - TIM-3+ and CD34+CD38-TIM-3+ cells were significantly associated with a high 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) (p = 0.028, 0.016). Further, concurrent high frequencies of T + NK-TIM-3+ and CD34+CD38-TIM-3+ cells at diagnosis were significantly associated with a high 2-year CIR (p < 0.0001) and this together with c-KIT D816 mutation were the independent adverse prognostic factors for relapse (hazard ratio (HR)=2.5, [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.1-6.0], p = 0.04; HR = 46.5, [95% CI, 2.7-811.5], p = 0.009). In conclusion, the expression pattern of TIM-3 on both T and NK cells and LSCs at diagnosis had prognostic significance in t (8;21) AML.


Assuntos
Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Citometria de Fluxo , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/genética , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/metabolismo , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Prognóstico
6.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 39(2): 97-107, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34156313

RESUMO

Abnormally high ecotropic viral integration site 1 (EVI1) expression has been recognized as a poor prognostic factor in acute myeloid leukemia patients. However, its prognostic impact in B cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) remains unknown. A total of 176 pediatric Ph-negative BCP-ALL patients who received at least 1 course of chemotherapy and received chemotherapy only during follow-up were retrospectively tested for EVI1 transcript levels by real-time quantitative PCR at diagnosis, and survival analysis was performed. Clinical and EVI1 expression data of 129 pediatric BCP-ALL patients were downloaded from therapeutically applicable research to generate effective treatments (TARGET) database for validation. In our cohort, the median EVI1 transcript level was 0.33% (range, 0.0068-136.2%), and 0.10% was determined to be the optimal cutoff value for patient grouping by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Low EVI1 expression (<0.10%) was significantly related to lower 5-year relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) rates (P = 0.017 and 0.018, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that EVI1 expression <0.10% was an independent adverse prognostic factor for RFS and OS. TARGET data showed that low EVI1 expression tended to be related to a lower 5-year OS rate (P = 0.066). In conclusion, low EVI1 expression at diagnosis could predict poor outcomes in pediatric Ph-negative BCP-ALL patients receiving chemotherapy.Supplemental data for this article is available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/08880018.2021.1939818 .


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Criança , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Br J Haematol ; 195(5): 722-730, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405393

RESUMO

Despite the high cure probability for acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL), a minority of patients will relapse and the risk factors for relapse are unclear. We retrospectively analysed 212 patients who were diagnosed with non-high-risk APL and received all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) plus arsenic as front-line therapy at Peking University Institute of Hematology from February 2014 to December 2018. A total of 176 patients (83%) received oral arsenic (realgar-indigo naturalis formula) plus ATRA, 36 patients (17%) received arsenic trioxide plus ATRA and 203 patients were evaluable for relapse. After a median (range) follow-up of 53·6 (24·3-85·4) months, two patients had molecular relapse and eight had haematological relapse. A promyelocytic leukaemia/retinoic acid receptor alpha (PML-RARA) transcript level of ≥6·5% at the end of induction therapy was associated with relapse (P = 0·031). The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse, event-free survival and overall survival were 5·5%, 92·3% and 96·3% respectively. In conclusion, the present long-term follow-up study further confirmed the high cure probability of ATRA plus oral arsenic as front-line therapy for non-high-risk APL and showed that the PML-RARA transcript level at the end of induction therapy was associated with relapse.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Trióxido de Arsênio/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Tretinoína/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 62(12): 2949-2956, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196252

RESUMO

To evaluate the efficacy of interferon-α (IFN-α) as maintenance therapy in patients with favorable-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML), this retrospective study enrolled 84 patients with favorable-risk AML: 42 patients who received IFN-α maintenance therapy and 42 patients who did not (control). The median follow-up time and duration of IFN-α treatment was 26 (6-54) months and 18 (2-24) months, respectively. The 4-year estimated relapse-free survival (RFS) after the last consolidation chemotherapy was 86.8% (95% confidence interval (CI), 75.8-97.8%) in the IFN-α group and 55.7% (95% CI, 37.2-74.3%) in the control group (p=.007). The 4-year estimated overall survival was 94.4% (95% CI, 86.8-102%) and 76.4% (95% CI, 61.9-90.9%) in IFN-α and control groups, respectively (p=.040). The Cox regression analysis showed that IFN-α treatment was the only independent factor affecting RFS (p=.004). Maintenance therapy with IFN-α may prevent relapse in favorable-risk AML after consolidation chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Interferon-alfa , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Ann Hematol ; 100(10): 2557-2566, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278524

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that approximately 50% of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) receiving tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy with a sustained deep molecular response (DMR) (BCR-ABL1IS ≤ 0.01%) can achieve treatment-free remission (TFR, stopping TKI without relapse) and that prior interferon (IFN)-α therapy and higher NK cell counts at and after TKI discontinuation are associated with TFR. We recently reported that post-TKI discontinuation of IFN-α therapy could prevent molecular relapse (MR, BCR-ABL1IS > 0.1%). Here, we evaluated whether NK cells are associated with MR and investigated the effects of post-TKI discontinuation IFN-α therapy on lymphocyte subsets. A total of 34 patients measuring blood lymphocyte subclasses were included. In the 22 patients who did not receive IFN-α therapy, at 1 month after TKI discontinuation, the nonrelapsed patients showed a significantly higher proportion and count of NK cells than the relapsed patients. In particular, the proportion and count of CD56dim NK cells were significantly higher in the nonrelapsed patients than in the relapsed patients. In the 12 patients who received IFN-α therapy, the level of CD56bright NK cells increased significantly after 3 and 6 months of IFN-α therapy. In summary, NK cells, in particular CD56dim NK cells, were associated with MR after TKI discontinuation in patients with CML. Additionally, IFN-α therapy gradually increased the level of CD56bright NK cells in patients with CML.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Células Matadoras Naturais/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem
10.
Front Oncol ; 11: 632532, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33816270

RESUMO

Novel recurrent fusion gene types such as zinc finger protein 384 (ZNF384) fusions have been identified in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) with the application of next-generation sequencing technologies. However, the comprehensive large-scale clinical cohort study for clarifying their prognostic significance remains scarce to date. A total of 242 consecutive adult Ph-negative BCP-ALL patients treated in our institute were retrospectively screened ZNF384 fusions at diagnosis by multiplex real time quantitative PCR. ZNF384 fusions were identified in 47 patients (19.4%) and all belonged to B-other ALL (having no high hyperdiploid karyotype, BCR-ABL1, TCF3-PBX1, ETV6-RUNX1, or MLL rearrangement). In the whole cohort, patients with ZNF384 fusions had significantly higher 3-year relapse-free-survival (RFS) and tended to have a higher 3-year overall survival (OS) than those with no ZNF384 fusions (80.1% vs. 52.5%, P = 0.013; 67.6% vs. 54.0%, P = 0.10). For patients receiving chemotherapy alone and received allogeneic-hematologic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were censored at the time of transplantation, patients with ZNF384 fusions had both similar RFS and similar OS to B-other ALL patients with no ZNF384 fusions (RFS: P =0.94 and 0.30; OS: P =0.94 and 0.51). For patients receiving transplantation, those with ZNF384 fusions had significantly higher 3-year RFS than B-other ALL patients with no ZNF384 fusions and their OS were similar (P = 0.022 and 0.24). Only two of 31 patients with ZNF384 fusions and receiving allo-HSCT relapsed, individually occurred 66.8 and 69.8 months after transplantation. Therefore, ZNF384 fusion is common in adult BCP-ALL, which may define a new group from BCP-ALL containing no classical fusion transcript with better prognosis through receiving allo-HSCT.

12.
Ann Hematol ; 100(5): 1267-1281, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712867

RESUMO

The prognosis of 11q23/KMT2A-rearranged (KMT2A-r) acute leukemia (AL) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is poor. Minimal residual disease (MRD) is an important prognostic factor for relapse. Thus, we aimed to identify the evolution of KMT2A before and after allo-HSCT and the efficacy of preemptive immunotherapies for KMT2A-r AL patients receiving allo-HSCT. KMT2A expression was determined through TaqMan-based RQ-PCR technology. Preemptive immunotherapies included interferon-α and donor lymphocyte infusion. We collected 1751 bone marrow samples from 177 consecutive KMT2A-r AL patients. Pre-HSCT KMT2A positivity was correlated with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity (correlation coefficient=0.371, P<0.001). The rates of achieving KMT2A negativity after allo-HSCT were 96.6%, 92.9%, and 68.8% in the pre-HSCT low-level group (>0, <0.1%), intermediate-level group (≥ 0.1%, <1%), and high-level group (≥1%), respectively. The rates of regaining KMT2A positivity after allo-HSCT were 7.7%, 35.7%, 38.5%, and 45.5% for the pre-HSCT KMT2A-negative, low-level, intermediate-level, and high-level groups, respectively (P<0.001). The 4-year cumulative incidence of relapse after allo-HSCT was as high as 53.7% in the pre-HSCT KMT2A expression ≥ 0.1% group, which was compared to the KMT2A-negative group (15.1%) and KMT2A <0.1% group (31.2%). The clinical outcomes of patients with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity were poorer than those of patients with persistent KMT2A negativity. Although post-HSCT preemptive immunotherapies might help to achieve KMT2A negativity, the long-term efficacy was unsatisfactory. Thus, pre-HSCT KMT2A positivity was significantly associated with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity. The clinical outcomes of patients with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity were poor, which might not be overcome by commonly used immunotherapies.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Rearranjo Gênico , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Lactente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual/genética , Neoplasia Residual/terapia , Prognóstico , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
13.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 4856, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649342

RESUMO

Leukemia cell-intrinsic somatic mutations and cytogenetic abnormalities have been used to define risk categories in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In addition, since the immune microenvironment might influence prognosis and somatic mutations have been demonstrated to modulate the immune microenvironment in AML, there is need for developing and evaluating an immune prognostic model (IPM) derived from mutations associated with poor prognosis. Based on AML cases with intermediate and adverse-cytogenetic risk in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, 64 immune-related differentially expressed genes (DEGs) among patients with RUNX1, TP53, or ASXL1 mutations and patients without these mutations were identified. After Cox proportional hazards analysis, an IPM composed of PYCARD and PEAR1 genes was constructed. IPM defined high-risk (IPM-HR) independently predicted lower 2-year overall survival (OS) rates in both patients with intermediate and adverse-cytogenetic risks and non-M3 patients in the TCGA AML cohort. The poor prognostic impact of IPM-HR on OS was further validated by GSE71014, 37642, and 10358 downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Furthermore, IPM-HR was remarkably associated with higher proportions of CD8+ T cells and regulatory T cells (Tregs), lower proportions of eosinophils, and higher expression of the checkpoint molecules CTLA-4, PD-1, and LAG3 in the TCGA non-M3 AML cohort. In summary, we developed and validated an IPM derived from mutations related with poor prognosis in AML, which would provide new biomarkers for patient stratification and personalized immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Genéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Modelos Imunológicos , Mutação , Proteínas de Neoplasias , Microambiente Tumoral , Adulto , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/imunologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/imunologia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
14.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 292, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sequential monitoring of Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) could predict relapse in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the prognostic role of WT1 in pediatric AML after allo-HSCT is unclear. Thus, we determined to see whether sequential monitoring of WT1 after allo-HSCT could predict relapse in AML children. METHODS: Pediatric AML patients receiving allo-HSCT from January 21, 2012 to December 20, 2018 at the Peking University Institute of Hematology were included in this study. WT1 expression level was determined by TaqMan-based reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. WT1 sequential monitoring was performed 1, 2, 3, 4.5, 6, 9, and 12 months post-transplantation and at 6-month intervals thereafter. The primary end point was relapse. The secondary end points included disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and non-relapse mortality (NRM). Kaplan-Meier analysis was used for DFS and OS estimates, while competing risk analysis was used for estimating relapse and NRM. RESULTS: Of the 151 consecutive patients included, the median age was 10 years (range, 1-17). The optimal cutoff value of WT1 within 1 year after allo-HSCT to predict relapse was 0.8% (80 WT1 copies/104 ABL copies), with a sensitivity of 60% and specificity of 79%. Compared with WT1 expression < 0.8%, WT1 expression ≥0.8% indicated significantly higher 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR, 35.1% vs. 11.3%; P = 0.001), lower 5-year disease-free survival (DFS, 60.4% vs. 80.8%; P = 0.009), and lower 5-year overall survival (OS, 64.9% vs. 81.6%; P = 0.038) rates. Multivariate analyses showed that WT1 was an independent risk factor for relapse (HR 2.89; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.25-6.71; P = 0.014). Both the CIR (5-year CIR: 8.3% vs. 11.3%; P = 0.513) and DFS (5-year DFS: 91.7% vs. 80.8%; P = 0.208) were comparable between patients achieving minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity after preemptive interferon-α (IFN-α) treatment and those without MRD after allo-HSCT, which were better than those of MRD-positive patients without preemptive therapies. CONCLUSIONS: Sequential monitoring of WT1 could predict relapse in pediatric AML after allo-HSCT. WT1-directed immunotherapy may have the potential to prevent relapse and improve survival.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Proteínas WT1/metabolismo , Adolescente , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Medula Óssea/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Transplante Homólogo , Proteínas WT1/análise
15.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(1): 43-48, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554795

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predict significance of the high aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (ALDH+) propitiation to the relapse of t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia(AML) patients before and after treatment. METHODS: Bone marrow samples of 23 t(8;21) AML patients diagnosis and achieved complete remission in our hospital from April 2015 to June 2016 were collected, then flow cytometry method was used to detect the activity of ALDH, relationship between it and relapse was analyzed. RESULTS: All the patients were followed up for a median of 32 (2-52) months. The median percentage of CD34+CD38- and CD34+CD38-ALDH+ cells among nucleated cells were 2.7 (0.36-35.7)% and 0.017 (0.0013-0.62)% at diagnosis, respectively. Among the bone marrow samples in patients achieved CR, the median percentage of CD34+CD38- cells was 0.035 (0.0064-0.66)%, and it was significantly decreased as compared with the percentage at diagnosis (P<0.001); The median percentage of CD34+CD38-ALDH+ cells was 0.014 (0.0019-0.24)%, and it showed no different as compared with the percentage at diagnosis (P=0.45). Survival analysis showed that patients with higher percentage of CD34+CD38- and CD34+CD38-ALDH+ cells at diagnosis tended to the lower 3-year relapse-free survival (RFS) (P=0.27 and 0.21). Furthermore, patients with higher percentage of CD34+CD38- and CD34+CD38-ALDH+ cells when achieved CR had a significant lower 3-year RFS rates (P=0.010 and 0.0044) as compared with those with lower percentage of CD34+CD38- and CD34+CD38-ALDH+ cells. Multivariate analysis showed that higher percentage of CD34+CD38-ALDH+ cells when achieved CR was an independent factor affecting RFS of the patients. CONCLUSION: The percentage of CD34+CD38-ALDH+ cells at CR in t(8;21) AML patients could predicts relapse, and had more profound predictive significance for relapse than the percentage of CD34+CD38- cells.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1 , Antígenos CD34 , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão
16.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 62(1): 185-193, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902355

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia with intermediate cytogenetic risk (ICR-AML) needs to be stratified and abnormal gene expression might be prognostic. PR/SET domain 16 (PRDM16) transcript levels were assessed in 267 consecutive adult ICR-AML patients at diagnosis by real-time quantitative PCR. 38.2% patients had PRDM16 transcript levels higher than the upper limit of normal bone marrow samples. Through ROC curve analysis and comparison of relapse-free survival (RFS), the optimal cutoff value of PRDM16 transcript levels was identified to group patients into high expression (PRDM16-H, 21.3%) and low expression (PRDM16-L). PRDM16-H was significantly associated with lower 4-year RFS and overall survival (OS) rates in the entire cohort, patients with normal karyotypes, FLT3-ITD (-) and NPM1 mutation (+)/FLT3-ITD (-) patients (all p < .05). Multivariate analysis showed that PRDM16-H was an independent adverse prognostic factor for RFS and OS in the entire cohort. Therefore, high PRDM16 expression at diagnosis predicts poor outcomes in adult ICR-AML patients.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adulto , China , Estudos de Coortes , Análise Citogenética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Mutação , Prognóstico , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms
17.
Hematology ; 26(1): 9-15, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33357137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ras-related dexamethasone-induced 1 (RASD1) is abnormally expressed in many solid cancers. However, its potential role in adults with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) is unclear. Therefore, we aim to clarify the abnormal expression of the tumor-associated biomarker, RASD1, as a potential target for diagnosis and prognosis in adult Philadelphia-negative B-ALL. METHODS: The expression of RASD1 was detected with RT-qPCR in 92 adults with de novo Ph-negative B-ALL and 40 healthy controls. The correlation between RASD1 transcript levels and relapse was assessed. RESULTS: RASD1 transcript levels in patients with Ph-negative B-ALL (median 81.76%, range 0.22%-1824.52%) were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (7.59%, 0.46%-38.66%; P<0.0001). Patients with low RASD1 transcript levels had a lower 5-year relapse-free survival (RFS, 47.5% [32.9%, 62.1%] vs. 63.1% [49.0%, 77.2%]; P = 0.012) and a higher 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR, 52.0% [37.4%, 66.6%] vs. 36.2% [22.2%, 50.2%]; P = 0.013) especially in patients receiving chemotherapy only. Multivariate analysis showed that a low RASD1 transcript level was an independent risk factor for RFS (HR = 2.938 [1.427, 6.047], P = 0.003) and CIR (HR = 3.367 [1.668, 6.796], P = 0.001) in patients with Ph-negative B-ALL. CONCLUSIONS: RASD1 transcript levels were significantly higher in patients with Ph-negative B-ALL and a low RASD1 transcript level was independently correlated with increased relapse risk.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Proteínas ras/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Linfócitos B/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Feminino , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Prognóstico , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
18.
Front Oncol ; 11: 773394, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35070977

RESUMO

In patients with t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia (AML), recurrent minimal residual disease (MRD) measured by RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript levels can predict relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). This study aimed to compare the efficacy of preemptive interferon (IFN)-α therapy and donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) in patients with t(8;21) AML following allo-HSCT. We also evaluated the appropriate method for patients with different levels of RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcripts. In this retrospective study, consecutive patients who had high-risk t(8;21) AML and received allo-HSCT were enrolled. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) age ≤65 years; (2) regained MRD positive following allo-HSCT. MRD positive was defined as the loss of a ≥4.5-log reduction and/or <4.5-log reduction in the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcripts, and high-level, intermediate-level, and low-level MRDs were, respectively, defined as <2.5-log, 2.5-3.5-log, and 3.5-4.5-log reductions in the transcripts compared with the pretreatment baseline level. Patients with positive RUNX1-RUNX1T1 could receive preemptive IFN-α therapy or DLI, which was primarily based on donor availability and the intentions of physicians and patients. The patients received recombinant human IFN-α-2b therapy by subcutaneous injection twice a week every 4 weeks. IFN-α therapy was scheduled for six cycles or until the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcripts were negative for at least two consecutive tests. The rates of MRD turning negative for patients with low-level, intermediate-level, and high-level RUNX1-RUNX1T1 receiving IFN-α were 87.5%, 58.1%, and 22.2%, respectively; meanwhile, for patients with intermediate-level and high-level RUNX1-RUNX1T1 receiving DLI, the rates were 50.0% and 14.3%, respectively. For patients with low-level and intermediate-level RUNX1-RUNX1T1, the probability of overall survival at 2 years was higher in the IFN-α group than in the DLI group (87.6% vs. 55.6%; p = 0.003). For patients with high levels of RUNX1-RUNX1T1, the probability of overall survival was comparable between the IFN-α and DLI groups (53.3% vs. 83.3%; p = 0.780). Therefore, patients with low-level and intermediate-level RUNX1-RUNX1T1 could benefit more from preemptive IFN-α therapy compared with DLI. Clinical outcomes were comparable between preemptive IFN-α therapy and DLI in patients with high-level RUNX1-RUNX1T1; however, they should be further improved.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(50): e23569, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327316

RESUMO

The SET nuclear proto-oncogene (SET)-nucleoporin (NUP) 214 fusion gene (SET-NUP214) is a rare leukemia fusion gene. Due to the limited number of samples with SET-NUP214 fusion gene in previous studies, the significance of SET-NUP214 for measurable residual disease (MRD) monitoring in patients with acute leukemia (AL) is still unclear. Our study aimed to observe the dynamic changes in SET-NUP214 expression before and after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), and analyzed whether SET-NUP214 could be used to evaluate MRD status. Our study included 24 AL patients who were newly diagnosed with SET-NUP214 fusion gene and they all received allo-HSCT. Their MRD was evaluated by monitoring SET-NUP214 fusion gene and leukemia-associated immunophenotype (LAIP). The median follow-up time was 501 days (56-2208 days). Of the enrolled patients, 6 (25%) patients died, including 3 (12.5%) patients died of leukemia relapse. Total 5 (20.8%) patients experienced hematological relapse at a median of 225 days (56-1057 days) post-transplantation. The SET-NUP214 median expression level at diagnosis was 405.1% (14.6%-1482.4%). SET-NUP214 gene expression generally became positive prior to flow cytometry results. In addition, the Kaplan-Meier survival curves analysis showed that those who had SET-NUP214 positive (SET-NUP214+) post-transplantation had a higher 2-year cumulative incidence of leukemia relapse (CIR) of 43.7 ±â€Š18.8% (P < .05). However, there was no significant difference between SET-NUP214 positive and SET-NUP214 negative patients with regard to their 2-year overall survival (OS) (82.5 ±â€Š11.3 vs 64.6 ±â€Š17.5%, respectively, P = .271). ROC curve analysis turned out that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.916 (95% CI: 0.784-1.0; P = .005). In conclusion, SET-NUP214 fusion gene determined by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) could be used to evaluate MRD status after allo-HSCT. Patients with positive SET-NUP214 expression after transplantation will have a poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Chaperonas de Histonas/genética , Leucemia/genética , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia/diagnóstico , Leucemia/mortalidade , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
20.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19037, 2020 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33149230

RESUMO

Recurrent genetic mutations occur in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and have been incorporated into risk stratification to predict the prognoses of AML patients. The bone marrow microenvironment plays a critical role in the development and progression of AML. However, the characteristics of the genetic mutation-associated microenvironment have not been comprehensively identified to date. In this study, we obtained the gene expression profiles of 173 AML patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and calculated their immune and stromal scores by applying the ESTIMATE algorithm. Immune scores were significantly associated with OS and cytogenetic risk. Next, we categorized the intermediate and poor cytogenetic risk patients into individual-mutation and wild-type groups according to RUNX1, ASXL1, TP53, FLT3-ITD, NPM1 and biallelic CEBPA mutation status. The relationships between the immune microenvironment and each genetic mutation were investigated by identifying differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and conducting functional enrichment analyses of them. Significant immune- and stromal-relevant DEGs associated with each mutation were identified, and most of the DEGs (from the FLT3-ITD, NPM1 and biallelic CEBPA mutation groups) were validated in the GSE14468 cohort downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. In summary, we identified key immune- and stromal-relevant gene signatures associated with genetic mutations in AML, which may provide new biomarkers for risk stratification and personalized immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Citogenética/métodos , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Suscetibilidade a Doenças/imunologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Prognóstico , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Células Estromais/patologia , Transcriptoma
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