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1.
NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes ; 9(1): 2, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635299

RESUMO

Microbiome-mediated insecticide resistance is an emerging phenomenon found in insect pests. However, microbiome composition can vary by host genotype and environmental factors, but how these variations may be associated with insecticide resistance phenotype remains unclear. In this study, we compared different field and laboratory strains of the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens in their microbiome composition, transcriptome, and insecticide resistance profiles to identify possible patterns of correlation. Our analysis reveals that the abundances of core bacterial symbionts are significantly correlated with the expression of several host detoxifying genes (especially NlCYP6ER1, a key gene previously shown involved in insecticides resistance). The expression levels of these detoxifying genes correlated with N. lugens insecticide susceptibility. Furthermore, we have identified several environmental abiotic factors, including temperature, precipitation, latitude, and longitude, as potential predictors of symbiont abundances associated with expression of key detoxifying genes, and correlated with insecticide susceptibility levels of N. lugens. These findings provide new insights into how microbiome-environment-host interactions may influence insecticide susceptibility, which will be helpful in guiding targeted microbial-based strategies for insecticide resistance management in the field.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Inseticidas , Microbiota , Animais , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Bactérias/genética , Resistência a Inseticidas/genética
2.
Endocr Connect ; 12(2)2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36598289

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aims to investigate the associations of the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) with bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis in adult females from a nationally representative sample. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed among 4092 females aged ≥20 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2010. Linear and logistic regressions were applied to explore the relationships of SII with BMD and the risk of osteoporosis, respectively. Results: Linear regression analyses found that a doubling of SII levels was significantly correlated with a 1.39% (95% CI: 0.57%, 2.20%) decrease in total femur BMD, a 1.16% (95% CI: 0.31%, 2.00%) decrease in femur neck BMD, a 1.73% (95% CI: 0.78%, 2.66%) decrease in trochanter BMD, and a 1.35% (95% CI: 0.50%, 2.20%) decrease in intertrochanteric BMD among postmenopausal women, after adjusting for covariates. Logistic regression analyses showed that compared with postmenopausal women in the lowest SII quartile, those in the highest quartile had higher risks of osteoporosis in the total femur (odds ratio (OR) = 1.70, 95% CI: 1.04, 2.76), trochanter (OR = 1.86, 95% CI: 1.07, 3.38), intertrochanter (OR = 2.01, 95% CI: 1.05, 4.04) as well as overall osteoporosis (OR = 1.57, 95% CI: 1.04, 2.37). In contrast, there was no significant association between SII and BMD in premenopausal women. Conclusions: SII levels were negatively associated with BMD levels in postmenopausal women but not in premenopausal women. Elevated SII levels could be a potential risk factor for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.

3.
Theor Appl Genet ; 136(1): 1-13, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658295

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: A novel BrSCC1 gene for seed coat color was fine mapped within a 41.1-kb interval on chromosome A03 in Brassica rapa and functionally validated by ectopic expression analysis. Yellow seed is a valuable breeding trait that can be potentiality applied for improving seed quality and oil productivity in oilseed Brassica crops. However, only few genes for yellow seed have been identified in B. rapa. We previously identified a minor quantitative trait locus (QTL), qSC3.1, for seed coat color on chromosome A03 in B. rapa. In order to isolate the seed coat color gene, a brown-seeded chromosome segment substitution line, CSSL-38, harboring the qSC3.1, was selected and crossed with the yellow-seeded recurrent parent, a rapid cycling inbred line of B. rapa (RcBr), to construct the secondary F2 population. Metabolite identification suggested that seed coat coloration in CSSL-38 was independent of proanthocyanidins (PAs) accumulation. Genetic analysis revealed that yellow seed was controlled by a single recessive gene, Seed Coat Color 1 (BrSCC1). Utilizing bulked segregant analysis (BSA)-seq and secondary F2 and F2:3 recombinants analysis, BrSCC1 was fine mapped within a 41.1-kb interval. By integrating gene expression profiling, genome sequence comparison, metabolite analysis, and functional validation through ectopic expression in Arabidopsis, the BraA03g040800.3C gene was confirmed to be BrSCC1, which positively correlated with the seed coat coloration. Our study provides a novel gene resource for the genetic improvement of yellow seeds in oilseed B. rapa.


Assuntos
Brassica rapa , Brassica rapa/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Genes de Plantas , Clonagem Molecular , Sementes/genética
4.
Nutrients ; 15(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615894

RESUMO

This study aims to examine the relationships of dietary α-carotene and ß-carotene intake with cognitive function. The data were selected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014. A total of 2009 participants were included in this analysis. Dietary α-carotene and ß-carotene intake were averaged by two 24-h dietary recalls. The Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Word Learning subset (CERAD W-L), Animal Fluency Test (AFT), and Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST) were used to evaluate cognitive function. Logistic regression and restricted cubic spline models were applied to explore the associations of dietary α-carotene and ß-carotene intake with cognitive performance. After adjusting for all confounding factors, compared with individuals in the lowest quartile of ß-carotene dietary intake, those in the highest quartile had lower risks of both CERAD W-L decline [odds ratio (OR) = 0.63, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.44-0.90] and AFT decline (OR = 0.66, 95% CI: 0.47-0.94). In addition, the third quartile of ß-carotene dietary intake had a significantly decreased risk of lower DSST (OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.48-0.83). Compared with the lowest quartile of α-carotene intake, the OR of AFT decline in the highest intake quartile was 0.66 (95% CI: 0.46, 0.94). For males, both dietary α-carotene and ß-carotene intake were associated with a decreased risk of AFT decline (OR = 0.42, 95% CI: 0.25-0.71; OR = 0.51, 95% CI: 0.30-0.85, respectively). For females, dietary α-carotene intake was associated with a decreased risk of CERAD W-L decline (OR = 0.55, 95% CI: 0.33-0.91) and dietary ß-carotene intake was associated with decreased risks of both CERAD W-L and AFT decline (OR = 0.37, 95% CI: 0.21-0.64; OR = 0.58, 95% CI: 0.37-0.91, respectively). Our results suggested that higher dietary α-carotene and ß-carotene intake had inverse effects on cognitive function decline among older adults.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , beta Caroteno , Masculino , Feminino , Animais , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estudos Transversais , Cognição
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36480302

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Single positive islet autoantibodies (IAbs), sometimes detected in healthy individuals and low risk type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients, are considered to be irrelevant to the development of diabetes, making it difficult to diagnose and classify adult-onset diabetics. OBJECTIVE: To determine the significance and clinical value of IAbs in T1D diagnosis in the low-prevalence population; and to explore whether electrochemiluminescence (ECL)-IAb detection assay can improve the clinical utility of IAbs in the immunodiagnosis of T1D in the low-prevalence population. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A total of 633 newly-diagnosed adult-onset diabetic patients (≥18 years old) were divided into two groups according to their clinical phenotypes: 575 patients with age at diagnosis ≥35 years and body mass index (BMI) ≥ 24 kg/m2 were considered a low-prevalence population (population with a low prevalence of T1D) and the other 58 patients were considered a high-prevalence population. All the samples from 633 participants were tested with IAbs using standard radiobinding assays (RBA) and electrochemiluminescence (ECL) assay, in parallel. RESULTS: Compared with the high-prevalence population, fewer positive IAbs (94/575, 16.3% vs. 28/58, 48.3%) were detected in the low-prevalence population, and more of which (69/94, 73.4% vs. 9/28, 32.2%) were positive for a single IAb, with GADA being the most prevalent single-IAb. Single-IAb detection in the low-prevalence population did not always suggest T1D phenotype. Combined detection of IAbs by RBA and ECL assays had a significant clinical utility to distinguish autoimmune diabetes in the low-prevalence population with low BMI, poor ß-cell function at the diagnosis, and an accelerated decline in ß-cell function during the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Combined autoantibody detection by RBA and ECL assays improved differentiating autoimmune from non-autoimmune diabetes in the low-prevalence population.

6.
Pathogens ; 11(12)2022 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36558856

RESUMO

Candida albicans (C. albicans) is one of the most common fungi in the human body; it is an opportunistic pathogen and can cause candidiasis. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from the host cells have a potentially protective effect against pathogens and can be developed as vaccine formulations. GW4869 can inhibit the production and release of EVs. Previous studies have indicated that GW4869 can alter the immune and inflammatory responses of the host. However, the effect of GW4869 on Candida infection and the anti-Candida response of the host has not been investigated. We evaluated the effect of GW4869 on C. albicans invasion, biofilm formation, and cellular damage in a murine model of oral candidiasis. In this study, C. albicans-infected mice were injected with or without GW4869. The results proven by macroscopic, microscopic, and ultramicroscopic methods showed that GW4869 treatment exacerbated the oral candidiasis of mice, promoted C. albicans invasion and biofilm formation, and aggravated oral mucosal inflammation and cellular ultrastructural damage. The results are beneficial in the further exploration of the immune mechanism of C. albicans infection.

7.
Insect Mol Biol ; 2022 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36533988

RESUMO

Farnesyl/geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthases (FPPS/GGPPS) as the short-chain prenyltransferases catalyse the formation of the acyclic precursors (E)-FPP and (E)-GGPP for isoprenoid biosynthesis. Here, we first cloned the cDNAs encoding FPPS and GGPPS in the vetch aphid Megoura viciae (designated as MvFPPS and MvGGPPS). They had an open reading frame of 1185 and 930 bp in length, encoding 395 and 309 amino acids, with a theoretical isoelectric point of 6.52 and 6.21, respectively. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis showed that MvFPPS and MvGGPPS shared the conserved aspartate-rich motifs characterized by all prenyltransferases identified to date and were clustered with their homologues in two large clades. RNA interference (RNAi) combined with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis showed that both MvFPPS and MvGGPPS were involved in the biosynthesis of alarm pheromone. Spatiotemporal expression profiling showed that the expression of MvFPPS and MvGGPPS was significantly higher in embryos than in other tissues. RNAi and GC-MS performed specifically in embryos corroborated the function of MvFPPS and MvGGPPS. In vitro, enzymatic activity assay and product analysis demonstrated that MvFPPS could catalysed the formation of (E)-FPP using DMAPP or (E)-GPP as the allylic cosubstrates in the presence of IPP, while MvGGPPS could only use (E)-GPP or (E)-FPP as cosubstrates. Functional interaction analysis using RNAi revealed that MvGGPPS exerts unidirectional functional compensation for MvFPPS. Moreover, it can regulate the biosynthesis of alarm pheromone by imposing a negative feedback regulation on MvFPPS. Our study helps to understand the molecular regulatory mechanism of terpenoid biosynthesis in the aphid.

8.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375456

RESUMO

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare and fatal complication of visceral leishmaniasis (VL). To provide a basis for early and correct diagnosis and to improve prognosis in the future, we describe a case series of VL-associated HLH in adults in our center in the past decade after review of all reported cases of adult VL-associated HLH in English through May 2022. In our case series, a total of 111 patients were diagnosed with VL. Among these patients, only six cases were diagnosed with VL-associated HLH. All patients tested positive for serology. Leishmania was detected for the first time by bone marrow aspiration (BMA) in three of the six patients and in the other three patients after three or four BMAs. It took more than 1 month from onset to diagnosis of VL for all the six cases, and the longest time was 6 months. Five of the six patients recovered after receiving sodium stibogluconate. VL-associated HLH is rare but potentially life-threatening in adults and predisposes to early delays in diagnosis. However, diagnostic techniques are not complicated or difficult, so it is more important to consider that it is not recognized by physicians. Although guidelines recommend liposomal amphotericin B as the most effective therapy, our experience suggests that sodium stibogluconate can be an alternative option when liposomal amphotericin B is unavailable or unaffordable.

9.
Open Life Sci ; 17(1): 1436-1442, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36448061

RESUMO

Turner syndrome (TS) is a congenital chromosomal abnormality that affects approximately 1 in 2,500 people. Both in China and abroad, few studies exist on the incidence of tumors in patients with TS. Most reported cases are complicated with gonadal germ cell tumors, and extragonadal tumors are rare, with the latter not yet being reported in China. Through chromosome karyotype analysis and surgical exploration, a pediatric patent was diagnosed with TS complicated with gonadoblastoma and adrenal neuroblastoma. The patient was short in stature and had a facial deformity. After admission, adrenal computed tomography was conducted, and a right adrenal mass was identified as a neurogenic tumor. After surgical resection and gonadal exploration, the pathological results revealed left gonadoblastoma, right gonadal stromal cell hyperplasia, and ganglion neuroblastoma (mixed type) in the right adrenal gland. Pediatric patients with TS have an increased likelihood of developing neuroblastoma and adrenal-related tumors, and changes in adrenal hormone levels and clinical manifestations are often not obvious when combined with adrenal-related tumors. To avoid missed diagnosis and delayed treatment, screening for adrenal tumors is therefore recommended for patients with TS before the initiation of growth hormone treatment.

10.
Molecules ; 27(22)2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36432114

RESUMO

Metabolomics have been widely used in pregnancy-related diseases. However, physiological variations induced by chronic hypoxia during pregnancy are not well characterized. We aimed to investigate physiological variations induced by chronic hypoxia during pregnancy. A Sprague-Dawley (SD) pregnant rat model of chronic hypoxia was established. Plasma and urine metabolite profiles at different stages of the pregnancy were detected by 1H NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance). Multivariate statistical analysis was used to analyze changes in plasma and urine metabolic trajectories at different time-points. We identified hypoxia-induced changes in the levels of 30 metabolites in plasma and 29 metabolites in urine during different stages of pregnancy; the prominently affected metabolites included acetic acid, acetone, choline, citric acid, glutamine, isoleucine, lysine, and serine. Most significant hypoxia-induced changes in plasma and urine sample metabolites were observed on the 11th day of gestation. In summary, chronic hypoxia has a significant effect on pregnant rats, and may cause metabolic disorders involving glucose, lipids, amino acids, and tricarboxylic acid cycle. Metabolomics study of the effect of hypoxia during pregnancy may provide insights into the pathogenesis of obstetric disorders.


Assuntos
Hipóxia , Metabolômica , Gravidez , Feminino , Animais , Ratos , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
11.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 995028, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36246918

RESUMO

Backgrounds: Ectopic fat deposition is closely related to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Currently, there are few population studies that have been conducted to determine the relationship between renal parenchyma fat deposition and the risk of CKD among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Therefore, we employed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to detect renal parenchyma fat content in individuals with T2DM, expressed as renal fat fraction (FF), to explore whether renal FF is an important risk factor for CKD in patients with T2DM. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 189 subjects with T2DM were enrolled. CKD was defined as the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)<60 mL/min/1.73m2. Measurement of the renal FF was performed on a 3.0-T MRI (MAGNETOM Skyra, Siemens, Erlangen, Germany). Binary logistic regression was used to determine the association between tertiles of renal FF and risk of CKD. Receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of renal FF in detecting CKD in T2DM patients. Results: The patients were divided into three groups according to tertiles of the renal FF level (2.498 - 7.434). As renal FF increases, patients tend to be older, and more abdominally obese, with a decreased eGFR (p<0.05). After adjustment for potential confounders, patients in the highest tertile of renal FF had a significantly increased risk of CKD than those in the lowest tertile (odds ratio (OR) = 3.98, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.12 - 14.09, p = 0.032), and the area under the ROC curve for this model was 0.836 (0.765-0.907). Conclusions: The renal FF is significantly independently associated with CKD in patients with T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico
12.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36259292

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aphids have been mainly controlled by traditional chemical insecticides, resulting in unamiable risk to the environment over the last decades. Push-pull strategy is regarded as a promising eco-friendly approach for aphid management through repelling aphid away and attracting their natural enemy. Methyl salicylate (MeSA), one of typical HIPVs (herbivore-induced plant volatiles), can repel aphids and attract ladybugs. Our previous studies discovered a new lead compound 3e, a salicylate-substituted carboxyl (E)-ß-farnesene derivative that had effective aphid-repellent activity. However, whether 3e has attractive activity to ladybug like MeSA is unknown. Meanwhile, to discover a new derivative for both deterring aphid and recruiting ladybug is meaningful for green control of aphids. RESULTS: Through the structural optimization of 3e, 14 new derivatives were designed and synthesized. Among them, compounds 4e and 4i had good aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum) repellent activity, and compounds 3e, 4e and 4i had significant ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) attractive activity to males. Particularly, 4i exhibited manifest attractive effect on the females as well. Binding mechanism showed that 4i not only bound effectively with the aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum) target ApisOBP9 thanks to its multiple hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen-bond, but also had strong binding affinity with ladybug target HaxyOBP15 due to the suitable steric space. Additionally, 4i displayed low toxicity to bee Apis mellifera. CONCLUSION: Compound 3e does exhibit attractive activity to male ladybug as MeSA. However, the new derivative 4i, with both pleasant aphid-repellent and ladybug-attraction activities, can be considered as a novel potential push-pull candidate for aphid control in sustainable agriculture. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36225192

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the anti-atherogenic effect of moxa combustion products (MCPs) and whether it is mediated through improving the vascular endothelial function in ApoE-/- mice. Methods: A total of 60 male ApoE-/- mice were randomly divided into the moxa smoke (MS) group, filtered moxa smoke (FMS) group, moxa floss volatile (MFV) group, essential oil of Artemisia argyi (EOAA) group, and model group (n = 12/group), while 12 male C57BL/6 mice were used as the control group. The six groups were intervened for 20 min/day, 6 days/week. After 14 weeks of intervention, the mice were euthanized and their blood lipids were measured. The aortic roots and thoracic aortas were collected for haematoxylin and eosin (HE) or Oil Red O staining, respectively. The contents of AMPK, PI3K, Akt, and eNOS mRNA in the thoracic aortas were examined by RT-qPCR. Results: The MS group and FMS group showed significantly lower plaque area percentage in the aortic roots and thoracic aortas and higher contents of AMPK-mRNA and eNOS-mRNA in the thoracic aortas compared with the model group. Conclusion: MS and FMS equally suppressed the progression of atherosclerotic lesions in ApoE-/- mice. It was suggested that the particulate matter in MS may not be the key components of moxibustion.

14.
Neurology ; 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36220593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Various resources exist for treating mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia separately as terminal events or for focusing solely on a one-way path from MCI to dementia without taking into account heterogeneous transitions. Little is known about the trajectory of reversion from MCI to normal cognition (NC) or near-NC and patterns of post-reversion, which refers to cognitive trajectories of patients who have reversed from MCI to NC. Our objectives were to: 1) quantitatively predict bidirectional transitions of MCI (reversion and progression), 2) explore patterns of future cognitive trajectories for post-reversion, and 3) estimate the effects of demographic characteristics, apolipoprotein E (APOE), cognition, daily activity ability, depression and neuropsychiatric symptoms on transition probabilities. METHODS: We constructed a retrospective cohort by reviewing patients with an MCI diagnosis at study entry and at least two follow-up visits between June 2005 and February 2021. Defining NC or near-NC and MCI as transient states and dementia as an absorbing state, we used continuous-time multi-state Markov models to estimate instantaneous transition intensity between states, transition probabilities from one state to another at any given time during follow-up, and hazard ratios of reversion-related variables. RESULTS: Among 24,220 observations from 6,651 participants, there were 2,729 transitions to dementia and 1,785 reversions. As for post-reversion, there were 630 and 73 transitions of progression to MCI and dementia, respectively. The transition intensity of progression to MCI for post-reversion was 0.317 (2.48-fold greater than that for MCI progression or reversion). For post-reversion participants, the probability of progressing to dementia increased by 2% yearly. Participants who progressed to MCI were likely to reverse again (probability of 40% over 15 years). Age, independence level, APOE, cognition, daily activity ability, depression and neuropsychiatric symptoms were significant predictors of bidirectional transitions. DISCUSSION: The nature of bidirectional transitions cannot be ignored in multi-dimensional MCI research. We found that post-reversion participants remained at an increased risk of progression to MCI or dementia over the longer term and experienced recurrent reversions. Our findings may serve as a valuable reference for future research and enable healthcare professionals to better develop proactive management plans and targeted interventions.

15.
Neurol Sci ; 2022 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36221041

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to longitudinally explore whether and how rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), depression, and anxiety mediate the association between dopaminergic replacement therapy (DRT) and impulse control disorders (ICDs) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Subjects were selected from the Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative. After excluding missing data, 268, 223, 218, 238, and 219 patients with PD diagnosed at 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 months prior, respectively, were included. We used the Questionnaire for Impulsive-Compulsive Disorders, RBD Screening Questionnaire, Geriatric Depression Scale, and State-Trait-Anxiety Inventory to assess ICBs, RBD, depression, and anxiety, respectively. We constructed three causal mediation analysis models to infer potential contingent pathways from DRT to ICD mediated by depression, anxiety, and RBD separately. RESULTS: DRT was associated with an increased risk of PD incidence. Aggravation of ICDs was partly explained by improvements in depression (the average causal mediation effect accounted for 8.0% of the total effect) and RBD (the average causal mediation effect of RBD accounted for 16.4% of the total effect). This suggested that anxiety (the average causal mediation effect accounted for 12.7% of the total effect) plays a mediating role. CONCLUSIONS: Focusing on changes in RBD, depression, and anxiety associated with hyperdopaminergic status should be an essential part of strategies to prevent ICDs in patients with Parkinson's disease.

16.
Front Psychol ; 13: 932805, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36148123

RESUMO

TikTok has one of the most advanced algorithm systems and is the most addictive as compared to other social media platforms. While research on social media addiction is abundant, we know much less about how the TikTok information system environment affects users' internal states of enjoyment, concentration, and time distortion (which scholars define as the flow experience), which in turn influences their addiction behavior. To fill this gap, this study collects responses from 659 adolescents in China aged between 10 and 19 years old, and the data is then analyzed using Partial Least Square (PLS). We find that the system quality has a stronger influence than information quality in determining adolescents' experience with TikTok and that the flow experience has significant direct and indirect effects on TikTok addiction behavior. Notably, this study finds that TikTok addiction is determined by users' mental concentration on the medium and its content. Several theoretical insights from the stimulus-organism-response (S-O-R) model and the flow theory are used to explain the findings.

17.
Ann Med ; 54(1): 2627-2636, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36148999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) encompass a group of heterogeneous haematopoietic stem cell malignancies characterised by ineffective haematopoiesis, cytological aberrations, and a propensity for progression to acute myeloid leukaemia. Diagnosis and disease prognostic stratification are much based on genomic abnormalities. The traditional metaphase cytogenetics analysis (MC) can detect about 40-60% aberrations. Single-nucleotide polymorphism arrays (SNP-A) karyotyping can detect copy number variations with a higher resolution and has a unique advantage in detection of copy number neutral loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH). Combining these two methods may improve the diagnostic efficiency and accuracy for MDS. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the data of 110 MDS patients diagnosed from January 2012 to December 2019 to compare the detection yield of chromosomal abnormalities by MC with by SNP-A, and the relationship between chromosomal abnormalities and prognosis. RESULTS: Our results showed that SNP-A improved the detection yield of chromosomal aberrations compared with MC (74.5 vs. 55.5%, p < .001). In addition, the positive yield could be further improved by combining MC with SNP-A to 77.3%, compared with MC alone. Univariate analysis showed that age >65 years, bone marrow blasts ≥5%, with acquired CN-LOH, new aberrations detected by SNP-A, TGA value > the median (81.435 Mb), higher risk by IPSS-R-MC, higher risk by IPSS-R-SNP-A all had poorer prognosis. More critically, multivariable analysis showed that age >65 years and higher risk by IPSS-R-SNP-A were independent predictors of inferior OS in MDS patients. CONCLUSION: The combination of MC and SNP-A based karyotyping can further improve the diagnostic yield and provide more precise prognostic stratification in MDS patients. However, SNP-A may not completely replace MC because of its inability to detect balanced translocation and to detect different clones. From a practical point of view, we recommend the concurrent use of SNP-A and MC in the initial karyotypic evaluation for MDS patients on diagnosis and prognosis stratification.KEY MESSAGESSNP-A based karyotyping can further improve the MDS diagnostic yield and provide more precise prognostic stratification in MDS patients.Acquired CN-LOH is a characteristic chromosomal aberration of MDS, which should be integrated to the diagnostic project of MDS.The concurrent use of SNP-A and MC in the initial karyotypic evaluation for MDS patients can be recommended.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Idoso , Humanos , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Análise Citogenética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Metáfase/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Environ Pollut ; 313: 120186, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115491

RESUMO

Although Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) levels are decreased in the environment, the adverse effects of gestational exposure on the mother and offspring cannot be ignored due to the vulnerability of the fetus. In the present study, pregnant Balb/c mice were administered PCB52 (1 mg/kg BW/day) or corn oil vehicle by gavage until parturition. In the dams, PCB52 caused histopathological changes in the liver, higher serum levels of aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase, and activated apoptosis and autophagy, suggesting hepatotoxicity. Overexpressed indicators of TLR4 pathway were observed in the liver of PCB52-exposed dams, indicated hepatic inflammation. Moreover, PCB52 exposure weakened the intestinal barrier and triggered inflammatory response, which might contribute to the hepatic inflammation by gut-liver axis. In the pups, prenatal PCB52 exposure affected the sex ratio at birth and reduced birth length and weights. Similar to the dams, prenatal PCB52 exposure induced hepatotoxicity in the pups without gender difference. Consistent with the alteration of gut microbiota, intestinal inflammation was confirmed, accompanying the disruption in the intestinal barrier and the activation of apoptosis and autophagy in the PCB52-exposed pups. Intestinal injury might be responsible for hepatotoxicity at least in part. Taken together, these findings suggested that gestational PCB52 exposure induced hepatic and intestinal injury in both maternal and offspring mice by arousing inflammation.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Doenças do Sistema Digestório , Enteropatias , Bifenilos Policlorados , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Alanina Transaminase , Animais , Óleo de Milho , Feminino , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Camundongos , Bifenilos Policlorados/toxicidade , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Receptor 4 Toll-Like
19.
J Hum Genet ; 67(12): 691-699, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064591

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe a novel DNA2 variant contributing to defects in mtDNA maintenance and mtDNA depletion syndrome (MDS), and the clinical and histological findings associated with this variation. METHODS: Herein, we describe the case of a patient who presented with hearing loss and myopathy, given the family history of similar findings in the father, was evaluated by sequencing of the deafness gene panel, mitochondrial genome, and the exome. Furthermore, tissue staining, mtDNA copy number detection, mtDNA sequencing, and long-range polymerase chain reaction tests were also conducted on the muscle biopsy specimen. In vitro experiments, including analyses of the mtDNA copy number; levels of ATP, ATPase, and reactive oxygen species (ROS); and the membrane potential, were performed. RESULTS: The DNA2 heterozygous truncating variant c. 2368C > T (p.Q790X) was identified and verified as the cause of an mtDNA copy number decrement in both functional experiments and muscle tissue analyses. These changes were accompanied by reductions in ATP, ATPase, and ROS levels. CONCLUSION: The DNA2 variant was a likely cause of MDS in this patient. These findings expand the mutational spectrum of MDS and improve our understanding of the functions of DNA2 by revealing its novel role in mtDNA maintenance.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo , Humanos , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Mutação , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Trifosfato de Adenosina , DNA Helicases/genética
20.
Adv Mater ; 34(44): e2207118, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075027

RESUMO

A compatible and robust electrode-electrolyte interface is favorable in resolving the severe dendritic growth and side reactions of aqueous Zn-ion batteries toward commercial-standard lifespan and charging-discharging rate. Herein, a chemical welding strategy through in situ construction of a gel electrolyte that enables Zn-ion batteries to achieve ultralong life and reversibility is reported. The gel electrolyte is spontaneously formed on the Zn anode surface by redox polymerization with the initiation of Zn metal. The direct participation of the Zn anode in the chemical synthesis of the gel electrolyte brings a well-bonded and water-poor electrode-electrolyte interface, which not only alleviates side reactions but also enables preferential (002) Zn deposition. The in situ symmetric cell thus prepared delivers an ultralong lifespan of 5100 h (>212 days), and a hybrid capacitor with the in situ electrolyte runs smoothly over 40 000 cycles at 20 A g-1 . Even at an ultrahigh current density of 40 mA cm-2  and capacity of 40 mAh cm-2 , the cell still operates stably for 240 h, alongside a high Zn utilization with 87% depth of discharge. The in situ gel electrolyte integrating robust interface and preparation of all-in-one cells demonstrate a commercializable path for aqueous Zn-storage devices.

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