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1.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365039

RESUMO

Importance: Whether optimal cardiovascular health metrics may counteract the risk of cardiovascular events among patients with prediabetes or diabetes is unclear. Objective: To investigate the associations of ideal cardiovascular health metrics (ICVHMs) with subsequent development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among participants with prediabetes or diabetes as compared with participants with normal glucose regulation. Design, Setting, and Participants: The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study was a nationwide, population-based, prospective cohort study of 20 communities from various geographic regions in China. The study included 111 765 participants who were free from CVD or cancer at baseline. Data were analyzed between 2011 and 2016. Exposures: Prediabetes and diabetes were defined according to the American Diabetes Association 2010 criteria. Seven ICVHMs were adapted from the American Heart Association recommendations. Main Outcomes and Measures: The composite of incident fatal or nonfatal CVD, including cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and hospitalized or treated heart failure. Results: Of the 111 765 participants, 24 881 (22.3%) had normal glucose regulation, 61 024 (54.6%) had prediabetes, and 25 860 (23.1%) had diabetes. Mean (SD) age ranged from 52.9 (8.6) years to 59.4 (8.7) years. Compared with participants with normal glucose regulation, among participants with prediabetes, the multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio for CVD was 1.34 (95% CI, 1.16-1.55) for participants who had 1 ICVHM or less and 0.57 (95% CI, 0.43-0.75) for participants who had at least 5 ICVHMs; among participants with diabetes, the hazard ratios for CVD were 2.05 (95% CI, 1.76-2.38) and 0.80 (95% CI, 0.56-1.15) for participants who had 1 ICVHM or less and at least 5 ICVHMs, respectively. Such pattern of association between ICVHM and CVD was more prominent for participants younger than 55 years (prediabetes and at least 5 ICVHMs: hazard ratio [HR], 0.32; 95% CI, 0.16-0.63; 1 ICVHM or less: HR, 1.58, 95% CI, 1.13-2.21; diabetes and at least 5 ICVHMs: HR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.44-2.26; 1 ICVHM or less: HR, 2.46; 95% CI, 1.71-3.54; compared with normal glucose regulation) than for participants 65 years or older (prediabetes and at least 5 ICVHMs: HR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.50-1.26; 1 ICVHM or less: HR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.79-1.31; diabetes and at least 5 ICVHMs: HR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.46-1.35; 1 ICVHM or less: HR, 1.73; 95% CI, 1.36-2.22, compared with normal glucose regulation; P values for interaction ≤.02). Additionally, the hazard ratio for CVD per additional ICVHM was 0.82 (95% CI, 0.79-0.86) among participants with prediabetes and was 0.85 (95% CI, 0.80-0.89) among participants with diabetes. Conclusions and Relevance: Participants with prediabetes or diabetes who had 5 or more ICVHMs exhibited lower or no significant excess CVD risks compared with the participants with normal glucose regulation.

3.
Diabetes Care ; 42(8): 1539-1548, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Uncertainty remains regarding the predictive value of various glycemic measures as they relate to the risk of diabetes and its complications. Using the cutoffs recommended by the American Diabetes Association's 2010 criteria, we determined the associations of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2-h postload glucose (2h-PG), and HbA1c with the outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Baseline medical history, FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c were obtained from a population-based cohort of 193,846 adults aged ≥40 years in China during 2011-2012. A follow-up visit was conducted during 2014-2016 in order to assess incident diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, and mortality. RESULTS: We documented 8,063 cases of diabetes, 3,014 CVD-related events, 1,624 cases of cancer, and 2,409 deaths during up to 5 years of follow-up. Multivariable-adjusted risk ratios (95% CIs) of diabetes associated with prediabetes based on FPG of 100-125 mg/dL, 2h-PG of 140-199 mg/dL, or HbA1c of 5.7-6.4% (39-47 mmol/mol) were 1.60 (1.43-1.79), 2.72 (2.43-3.04), and 1.49 (1.36-1.62), respectively. Restricted cubic spline analyses suggested J-shaped associations of FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c levels with CVD, cancer, and mortality. Multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (95% CIs) associated with untreated diabetes based on FPG ≥126 mg/dL, 2h-PG ≥200 mg/dL, or HbA1c ≥6.5% (48 mmol/mol) were 1.18 (1.05-1.33), 1.31 (1.18-1.45), and 1.20 (1.07-1.34) for CVD; 1.10 (0.92-1.32), 1.44 (1.25-1.67), and 1.08 (0.92-1.28) for cancer; and 1.37 (1.20-1.57), 1.57 (1.41-1.76), and 1.33 (1.17-1.52) for mortality, respectively. 2h-PG remained significantly associated with outcomes in models including FPG and HbA1c as spline terms. Furthermore, 2h-PG significantly improved the ability of the C statistic to predict diabetes, CVD, and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: 2h-PG remains independently predictive of outcomes in models including FPG and HbA1c. Therefore, in addition to FPG and HbA1c, routine testing of 2h-PG should be considered in order to better assess the risks of outcomes.

4.
J Diabetes ; 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the association between birth weight and diabetes in a Chinese population, and the effects of body mass index (BMI) and lifestyle factors in later life on this association. METHODS: Data from 49 118 participants aged ≥40 years with recalled birth weight from the Risk Evaluation of cAncers in Chinese diabeTic Individuals: a lONgitudinal (REACTION) study, a nationwide population-based cohort, were used. Diabetes diagnosis was based on oral glucose tolerance tests and HbA1c measurements. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association of birth weight and risk of diabetes in later life. RESULTS: Increased risk of diabetes was associated with lower or higher birth weight. Compared with individuals with a birth weight of 2500 to 3499 g, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of diabetes for individuals with a birth weight of <2500, between 3500 and 3999, and ≥4000 g were 1.28 (1.11-1.47), 1.11 (1.04-1.19), and 1.20 (1.07-1.34), respectively. Significant associations were prominent in participants with a current BMI ≥24 kg/m2 , but not detected in those with a normal BMI (OR 1.20 [95% CI 0.96-1.49], 1.11 [95% CI 0.98-1.25], and 1.10 [95% CI 0.89-1.37], respectively). Moreover, there was no increased risk of diabetes in individuals with a low birth weight but with healthy dietary habits (OR 0.94; 95% CI 0.68-1.29) or ideal physical activity (OR 1.41; 95% CI 0.97-2.04). CONCLUSIONS: A U-shaped association was observed between birth weight and the risk of diabetes. Healthy lifestyles (healthy dietary habits or ideal physical activity) may eliminate the negative effects of low birth weight in the development of diabetes, but not the effect of high birth weight.

5.
Gene ; 672: 150-155, 2018 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29883758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein B (APOB), and hepatic lipase (LIPC) genes have been shown to play a key role in lipid metabolism in type 2 diabetes (T2D). This study aimed to investigate the association of the three polymorphisms (rs679899 in APOB and rs6078 and rs6083 in LIPC) with T2D and related clinical quantitative traits. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study in Chinese Han population, with a total of 929 T2D patients and 1044 healthy subjects in Chinese Han population. Polymorphisms were genotyped by MassARRAY Genotyping System. RESULTS: The risk allele G of the polymorphism rs679899 was related to T2D (odds ratio (OR): 1.207, 95% confidence interval (CL): 1.006-1.448, P = 0.043) and the polymorphism rs679899 was associated with glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) levels (P = 0.001). We also showed that the polymorphism rs6083 was associated with cholesterol (CHOL) levels (P = 0.012), triglyceride (TG) levels (P = 0.040), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) levels (P = 0.033). No significant difference in genotypic frequencies of rs6078 and rs6083 was observed between T2D patients and controls. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the APOB polymorphism rs679899 is associated with type 2 diabetes and GGT levels, while the LIPC polymorphism rs6083 may influence CHOL, TG, and LDL levels in Chinese Han population.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteínas B/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Lipase/genética , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
6.
Gene ; 661: 176-181, 2018 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29627522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-I), encoded by SERPINE1 gene, is a member of the serine protease inhibitor superfamily, and polymorphisms in SERPINE1 have been reported to be associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D). This study investigated whether the polymorphism in PAI-I contribute to the risk for T2D. METHODS: A 1:1 case-control study was conducted to investigate the association of rs6092 in SERPINE1 with T2D and diabetes-related metabolic traits, including body mass index, waist circumference (WC), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting plasma glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in a Chinese population, with a total of 1572 subjects (786 T2D patients and 786 healthy controls). The polymorphism was genotyped based on MassARRAY genotyping system. RESULTS: The AA genotype and A allele of rs6092 exerted a protective effect on T2D risk (odds ratio (OR) = 0.431 and 0.630, respectively). In a recessive model, we also observed the protective association of rs6092 with T2D (OR = 0.195). The above associations were only observed in men. In female patients, there was a significant difference in HbA1c level between the AA homozygotes and GG homozygotes, as well as between the AA homozygotes and combined GG and GA genotypes. In male patients, the WC level in the subjects carrying AA genotype was lower than those in the subjects with GG genotype (P = 0.000), and the association was also significant in a recessive model (P = 0.000). Additionally, there was a significant difference in TG level between the AA homozygotes and GG homozygotes (P = 0.017), as well as the AA homozygotes and combined GG and GA genotypes (P = 0.032). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that the A allele and AA genotype of rs6092 may protect against T2D, and have a protective effect on WC, but a negative effect on TG in men, while may contribute to a lower HbA1c level in women.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo
7.
Lipids Health Dis ; 17(1): 2, 2018 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29301582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leptin acts as a mediator of inflammation and energy homeostasis by activating leptin receptor (LEPR). We conducted this study to explore the association of polymorphisms in LEPR with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its related metabolic traits. METHODS: We performed a case-control study to investigate the association of polymorphisms in LEPR with T2DM and related metabolic traits in a Chinese population, with a total of 922 T2DM patients and 1031 nondiabetic subjects. Polymorphisms were genotyped using MassARRAY assay. RESULTS: The G allele of rs1327118 was associated with a decreased risk of T2DM in men (P = 0.044, odds ratio = 0.707, 95% confidence interval = 0.504-0.991) and the G allele of rs3806318 was associated with increased systolic blood pressure (SBP) in men with T2DM. Besides, the women patients carrying the G allele of rs1327118 showed increased SBP and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels, but decreased high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that rs1327118 may be associated with SBP, DBP and HDL-C levels in women with T2DM, and rs3806318 may be associated with T2DM and SBP level in men with T2DM. Further studies with larger sample size or functional experiments focused on exact mechanism are required to verify our observations.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Genótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores para Leptina/genética , Idoso , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Glicemia/metabolismo , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos de Casos e Controles , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etnologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Frequência do Gene , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Receptores para Leptina/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
8.
Scand J Gastroenterol ; 53(5): 616-620, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29141488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: EUS-guided ablation with ethanol has been used to treat insulinoma since 2006 as a minimally invasive alternative for those who are unwilling or unsuitable for surgeries. However, pancreatic fistula, pancreatitis and other adverse effects were found after the procedure in these patients. Herein, we aimed to find a novel feasible injection. METHODS: Seven patients with different chief complaints were diagnosed with insulinoma by symptoms, lab results and pathology results from EUS fine needle aspiration. All the patients refused to have surgeries and were treated by EUS-guided ablation with lauromacrogol. The injection volume was calculated by tumor size. All the patients were followed up by at least 1 month to see if there is any adverse effect. Blood glucose (BG), insulin and C-peptide levels were monitored before and after the procedure. RESULTS: Insulinoma size ranged from 0.76 cm ×0.84 cm to 3.39 cm ×1.84 cm. With a mean injection volume of 1.9 ml (range from 0.9 to 3.9 ml), all the patients showed relief in symptoms after the procedure. During the follow up, their BG, insulin and C-peptide levels went back to normal. None of the patients had any adverse effect. CONCLUSIONS: EUS-guided ablation with lauromacrogol showed good treatment results and received no adverse effect after the procedure. Hence, we consider it as an effective and safe method to treat insulinoma.


Assuntos
Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico , Insulinoma/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Endossonografia , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções , Insulinoma/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Polidocanol , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2018: 8616194, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30622676

RESUMO

The current study was performed to investigate the effects and potential effects of irbesartan pretreatment on pancreatic ß-cell apoptosis in a streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced acute mouse model of prediabetes. Twenty-four male BALB/C mice (18-22 g) were randomly divided into three groups: normal control group (NC, n = 6), STZ group (STZ, n = 8), and irbesartan + STZ group (IRB + STZ, n = 10). In the IRB + STZ group, mice were administered irbesartan (300 mg/kg per day) by gavage for one week. The STZ group and IRB + STZ group received STZ (80 mg/kg by intraperitoneal (IP) injection once). The NC group received normal saline (80 mg/kg by IP injection once). Fasting blood glucose prior to STZ injection and presacrifice was analysed using samples withdrawn from the caudal vein to confirm the induction of prediabetes. Haematoxylin and eosin staining, immunohistochemical detection of insulin, and apoptosis analysis were performed. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R), caspase-3, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) mRNA expression. Blood glucose was significantly higher in the STZ group (9.01 ± 1.1089 vs 4.78 ± 0.7026) and IRB + STZ group (7.86 ± 1.1811 vs 4.78 ± 0.7026) compared with the NC group (P < 0.05). In comparison to the STZ group, the islet cell damage was marginally improved in the IRB + STZ group, and the IRB + STZ group had a significantly lower apoptotic rate than the STZ group (22.42 ± 8.3675 vs 50.86 ± 5.3395, P < 0.001). AT1R expression in the IRB + STZ group was lower than that in the STZ group (1.56 ± 1.2207 vs 3.92 ± 2.4392, P < 0.05). The mRNA expression of caspase-3 in pancreatic tissue was significantly lower in the IRB + STZ group than in the STZ group (0.90 ± 0.7272 vs 1.88 ± 1.0572, P < 0.05). Similarly, the IRB + STZ group also had lower p38MAPK levels than the STZ group (1.16 ± 1.0642 vs 2.55 ± 1.7925, P > 0.05). In conclusion, irbesartan pretreatment improved glucose levels and insulin secretion and decreased islet ß-cell apoptosis to protect islet ß cells in an STZ-induced acute prediabetic mouse model.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Irbesartana/uso terapêutico , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Estreptozocina/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Irbesartana/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Estreptozocina/farmacologia
10.
Gene ; 637: 190-195, 2017 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28951309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1) encodes the human plasma-cell membrane differentiation antigen-1, and ENPP1 variants have been shown to be associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and insulin resistance. In this study, we investigated the involvement of ENPP1 polymorphisms in T2D. METHODS: The association of the two polymorphisms of ENPP1 (rs7754586 and rs55725924) with T2D and diabetes-related quantitative traits was analyzed in Chinese samples containing 929 T2D patients and 1044 healthy individuals. We also performed the expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) analysis to study the association of both polymorphisms of ENPP1 with mRNA expression levels using the genotype-tissue expression database. RESULTS: The risk allele A of the polymorphism rs7754586 contributed to T2D (odds ratio: 1.252, 95% confidence interval: 1.044-1.615, P=0.018). The polymorphism rs55725924 was associated with the diastolic blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Patients carrying high-risk haplotype A-T of rs7754586 and rs55725924 exhibited a high risk of acquiring T2D. These associations were only observed in males, but not in females. In addition, the eQTL analysis demonstrated that the risk allele of rs7754586 was associated with higher levels of ENPP1 mRNA expression. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that the ENPP1 polymorphism rs7754586 may implicate in the pathogenesis of T2D in men, while polymorphism rs55725924 may be involved in diastolic blood pressure and cholesterol of male T2D patients.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Diester Fosfórico Hidrolases/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Pirofosfatases/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Caracteres Sexuais , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Haplótipos , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 130(7): 798-804, 2017 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28345543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A relationship between hyperthyroidism and insulin secretion in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been reported. Therefore, this study explored the use of first-phase insulin secretion in the differential diagnosis of thyroid diabetes (TDM) and T2DM. METHODS: In total, 101 patients with hyperthyroidism were divided into hyperthyroidism with normal glucose tolerance (TNGT), hyperthyroidism with impaired glucose regulation (TIGR), and diabetes (TDM) groups. Furthermore, 96 patients without hyperthyroidism were recruited as control groups (normal glucose tolerance [NGT], impaired glucose regulation [IGR], and T2DM). The following parameters were evaluated: homeostasis model assessment (HOMA)-IR, HOMA-ß, modified ß-cell function index (MBCI), peak insulin/fasting insulin (IP/I0), AUCins-OGTT, and AUCins-OGTT/AUCglu-OGTTfrom the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) insulin release test were utilized to assess the second-phase insulin secretion, while the IP/I0, AIR0'~10', and AUCins-IVGTTfrom the intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) insulin release test were used to assess the first-phase insulin secretion. RESULTS: In the OGTT, the HOMA-ß values of the TNGT and TDM groups were higher than those of the NGT and T2DM groups (all P< 0.05). In the hyperthyroidism groups, the MBCI of the TDM group was lower than that of the TNGT and TIGR groups (all P< 0.05). Among the control groups, the MBCI values of the IGR and T2DM groups were lower than that of the normal glucose tolerance (NGT) group (all P< 0.05). In the IVGTT, insulin secretion peaked for all groups at 2-4 min, except for the T2DM group, which showed a low plateau and no secretion peak. The IP values of the TNGT, TIGR, and TDM groups were higher than those of the NGT, IGR, and T2DM groups (all P< 0.05). The Ip/I0, AIR0'~10', and AUCins-IVGTTvalues of the TDM group were higher than those of the T2DM group but were lower than those of the TNGT, TIGR, NGR, and IGR groups (all P< 0.05). Compared with the other five groups, the Ip/I0, AIR0'~10', and AUCins-IVGTTvalues of the T2DM group were significantly decreased (all P< 0.05). The Ip/I0and AUCins-IVGTTvalues of the TNGT group were higher than those of the NGT group (all P< 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: ß-cell function in TDM patients is superior to that in T2DM patients. First-phase insulin secretion could be used as an early diagnostic marker to differentiate TDM and T2DM.

12.
Ann Endocrinol (Paris) ; 76(5): 620-7, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26514948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Aberrant circulating adipokines are considered to be related to the pathological mechanism of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This study aims to evaluate the relationship between plasma omentin-1 levels, metabolic and hormonal parameters in the setting of non-obese Chinese women with PCOS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a case-controlled, cross-sectional study of 153 non-obese (BMI<25kg/m(2)) PCOS and 114 age-matched healthy non-obese control individuals. Levels of plasma omentin-1, fasting blood glucose, insulin and sexual hormones and ovary volume were analyzed in all subjects. RESULTS: Plasma omentin-1 levels of non-obese PCOS individuals were significantly lower than in healthy non-obese controls. Body Mass Index (BMI), homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), levels of testosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), LH/FSH ratio and ovary volume (OV) were significantly higher in subjects with PCOS than controls. In the HOMA-IR stratified subgroups, PCOS individuals with insulin resistance had lower omentin-1 than those without insulin resistance after BMI adjustment. Omentin-1 was negatively correlated with BMI, HOMA-IR and fasting insulin. Multiple linear regressions revealed that BMI contributed to omentin-1 levels. Ovary volume was negatively correlated to HOMA-IR but had no correlation with omentin-1. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma omentin-1 concentrations were decreased in the non-obese PCOS group. Insulin resistance could further decrease plasma omentin-1 in non-obese individuals with PCOS independent of BMI status.


Assuntos
Citocinas/sangue , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Lectinas/sangue , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/sangue , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Glicemia/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Estudos Transversais , Jejum , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/sangue , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Hormônio Luteinizante/sangue , Obesidade , Ovário/patologia , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/patologia , Testosterona/sangue , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 100(2): 516-23, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25423563

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether vitamin D levels correlate with procalcitonin (PCT) levels and mortality in septic patients. METHODS: The following data were collected from 236 patients upon admission to intensive care units (ICUs): demographics; Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score; Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score; 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), PCT, intact PTH, albumin, creatinine, and ionized calcium (iCa) levels; 25OHD sampling seasonality; fluid load (colloid and crystalloid before 25OHD sampling); mechanical ventilation duration; and length of stay (LOS) in the ICU. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality 28 days after ICU admission. RESULTS: Patients with 25OHD deficiency had significantly higher APACHE II and SOFA scores, positive blood culture rates, PCT levels, intact PTH levels, and 28-day mortality rates. These patients also had lower iCa levels, longer LOS in the ICU, and longer ventilator durations than patients with 25OHD insufficiency or sufficiency. Age, sex, 25OHD sampling seasonality, serum albumin and creatinine levels, and fluid load did not vary among the 3 groups. Serum 25OHD levels at admission were significantly negatively correlated with PCT levels. PTH responders had significantly higher 28-day mortality rates than did PTH nonresponders. Cox regression showed that a 25OHD level of <20 ng/mL was an independent risk factor for 28-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Lower serum 25OHD levels at ICU admission were associated with 28-day mortality in septic patients. Serum 25OHD levels were inversely correlated with PCT levels. Hypovitaminosis D was associated with higher mortality rates in PTH responders than in nonresponders.


Assuntos
Calcitonina/sangue , Precursores de Proteínas/sangue , Sepse/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/mortalidade , Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/mortalidade
14.
Anticancer Res ; 34(1): 117-23, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24403451

RESUMO

The present study was undertaken to develop a new method for enriching cancer stem cells (CSCs) from the human adrenal cortical carcinoma (ACC) cell line SW-13. Given that the existence of CSCs in ACC causes resistance to conventional chemotherapies, treatment with cyclophosphamide was used for in vivo selection of CSCs in a BALB/c nude mouse tumor xenograft model established using the ACC cell line SW-13. The characteristics of CSCs in three generations of tumor xenografts were assessed for single-cell colony formation, flat colony formation, and cell sphere formation in serum-free suspension culture. The formation rates of single-cell colonies, flat colonies, and cell spheres were significantly higher for tumor xenograft cells treated with cyclophosphamide than for untreated engrafted tumor cells. Flow cytometry to examine expression of the CSC markers C-X-C chemokine receptor type-4 (CXCR4; CD184) and ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member-2 (ABCG2; CDw338) revealed markedly higher levels of CXCR4 and ABCG2 in cyclophosphamide-treated xenograft tumor cells compared to untreated tumor cells. Together, these results indicate that cyclophosphamide treatment of tumor xenograft cells caused enrichment of CSCs with a strong capability for self-renewal and proliferation. In this method, the administration of cyclophosphamide selectively kills cancer cells without toxicity to CSCs and thereby provides a practical approach for achieving the enrichment of CSCs in ACC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/patologia , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/patologia , Separação Celular/métodos , Ciclofosfamida/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Membro 2 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/farmacologia , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaio Tumoral de Célula-Tronco
15.
PLoS One ; 8(9): e75441, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24073266

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in critically ill patients and may contribute to suboptimal clinical outcomes, but little is known about alterations of the calcium-parathyroid hormone (PTH)-vitamin D axis and prognosis in these individuals. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted on 216 patients admitted to a university-affiliated, tertiary-care medical intensive care unit(MICU) between June 2011 and December 2012. Serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, ionised calcium and intact PTH were determined within 24 h of MICU admission. The primary end point was all-cause hospital mortality within 90-days of admission. RESULTS: 95 patients (44%) showed 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency. Patients deficient in vitamin D showed significantly higher Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score, rate of positive blood culture, incidence of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, and 90-day mortality rate than did patients with vitamin D insufficiency or sufficiency (P<0.05), as well as lower levels of serum IgG. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D deficiency was identified as an independent risk factor for mortality (OR = 3.018, 95%CI 1.329-6.854, P = 0.008). Hypovitaminosis D in PTH-responders was associated with higher mortality than was the same condition in non-responders (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that vitamin D deficiency is prevalent among MICU patients, suggesting a significant derangement of the calcium-PTH-vitamin D axis in critically ill patients. Vitamin D deficiency is an independent risk factor for 90-day mortality, and hypovitaminosis D in PTH-responders is associated with higher mortality than is the same condition in non-responders.


Assuntos
Cálcio/sangue , Estado Terminal , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , APACHE , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/sangue , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/etiologia , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Radioimunoensaio , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações
16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 32(10): 969-72, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22333076

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between obesity and prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) with its associated risk factors, in children and adolescents. METHODS: A stratified random sampling method was used to select 7893 students from 6 to 18 years of age from 14 out of 396 primary and secondary schools in Nanning city. All the students had undergone physical examination and blood tests including the following risk factors related to metabolic syndrome: fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), alanine amino shift enzyme (ALT), aspartic acid amine shift enzyme (AST) and fasting insulin (FINS). The homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was also measured. RESULTS: (1) The prevalence rate of MS in normal group was 0.57%. In both the overweight and obesity groups, the prevalence rates of MS were 4.53% and 26.80%, respectively. (2) These indices in obesity group were higher than other two groups (P < 0.05). The result of overweight group was higher than normal group (P < 0.05). (3) Waist circumference (OR = 1.087, 95%CI: 1.033 - 1.143), SBP (OR = 1.073, 95%CI: 1.032 - 1.116), FBG (OR = 1.394, 95%CI: 1.568 - 3.423), TG (OR = 3.213, 95%CI: 1.410 - 7.319) and HDL-C (OR = 0.001, 95%CI: 0.000 - 0.012) were detecting indices which had statistically significant with MS in binary logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSION: Metabolic syndrome and obesity were closely related in children and adolescents while its prevalence and risk factors increased with the severity of obesity.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Obesidade/complicações , Adolescente , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Amostragem
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 23(3): 306-9, 2006 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16767670

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the polymorphic (AT)n repeats in 3ountranslated region of exon 4 of CTLA4 gene [CTLA4(AT)n] and Graveso disease (GD) in Zhuang nationality population of Guangxi province. METHODS: The studied groups comprised 48 patients with GD and 44 normal controls. Amplification of target DNA was carried out by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The amplified products were run by 8% polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and then followed by 0.1% silver staining. Some of amplified products were sequenced directly. RESULTS: Nineteen alleles of CTLA4 gene microsatellite polymorphism were found in Guangxi Zhuang nationality individuals. The 106 bp long allele was apparently increased in patients with GD of Zhuang nationality but not in healthy controls (P< 0.05). CONCLUSION: CTLA4 gene microsatellite polymorphism is strongly associated with Graveso disease in Zhuang nationality population of Guangxi province. CTLA4(AT)n 106 bp may be the susceptible gene in GD patients of Zhuang nationality in Guangxi; 19 alleles of CTLA4 gene microsatellite polymorphism were found in Guangxi Zhuang nationality individuals.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/genética , Doença de Graves/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Adulto , Sequência de Bases , Antígeno CTLA-4 , China , Repetições de Dinucleotídeos/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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