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1.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 829153, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574016

RESUMO

Objective: To characterize the status of ovarian reserve and ART outcomes in BPES women and provide informative reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Methods: Twenty-one women with BPES were screened for mutations in the FOXL2 gene and underwent assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment. Indicators for ovarian reserve and ART outcomes were compared between patients with and without FOXL2 mutations. Additionally, ART outcomes were compared among patients with different subtypes of FOXL2 mutations. Results: A total of 13 distinct heterozygous variants in the FOXL2 gene were identified in 80.95% of BPES women, including 4 novel mutations with plausible pathogenicity (c.173_175dup, c.481C>T, c.576del and c.675_714del). Compared to non-mutation group, patients with FOXL2 mutations had elevated levels of FSH (P=0.007), decreased AMH levels (P=0.012) and less AFC (P=0.015). They also had worse ART outcomes with large amount of Gn dosage (P=0.008), fewer oocytes (P=0.001), Day3 good quality embryos (P=0.001) and good quality blastocysts (P=0.037), and a higher cancellation rate (P=0.272). High heterogeneity of ART outcomes existed in BPES patients with different FOXL2 mutation types. Conclusions: BPES patients with FOXL2 mutations had diminished ovarian reserve and adverse ART outcomes. The genotype-reproductive phenotype correlations were highly heterogeneous and cannot be generalized. Genetic counseling for fertility planning and preimplantation or prenatal genetic diagnosis to reduce offspring inheritance are recommended.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(8): 2211-2227, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531738

RESUMO

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis(AS) by frequency network Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trials(RCTs)of Chinese patent medicines for AS were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library databases from the time of database establishment to January 2021. The quality of the included RCTs was evaluated according to the Cochrane bias risk standard, and the data was analyzed by RevMan 5.3 and Stata/MP 15.1. A total of 12 kinds of Chinese patent medicines in 55 RCTs were included. According to Meta-analysis, in term of the effectiveness, the top three optimal medication regimens were Biqi Capsules, Yishen Juanbi Pills and Yaobitong Capsules combined with western medicine. The top three interventions to reduce the erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR)were Yishen Juanbi Pills, Xianling Gubao Capsules and Fufang Xuanju Capsules combined with western medicine. The top three interventions to reduce the C-reactive protein(CRP)were Biqi Capsules, Xianling Gubao Capsules and Fufang Xuanju Capsules combined with western medicine. In terms of the safety, top three optimal medication regimens were Total Glucosides of Paeony Capsules, Yishen Juanbi Pills, and Wangbi Tablets combined with western medicine. This network Meta-analysis suggests that Chinese patent medicines combined with conventional western medicine can effectively improve the joint pain symptoms of AS patients and reduce the acute inflammatory indicators, with high safety. However, the literature included in this study is generally of low methodological quality, and the conclusion needs to be verified by high-quality research.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Espondilite Anquilosante , Cápsulas , China , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/uso terapêutico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico
3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 4234186, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35463981

RESUMO

Objective: We investigated the effects of lipolysis-stimulated lipoprotein receptor (LSR) on the tight junctions (TJs) of pancreatic ductal epithelial cells (PDECs) in hypertriglyceridemic acute pancreatitis (HTGAP). Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were fed standard rat chow or a high-fat diet and injected with sodium taurocholate to obtain normal and HTGAP rats, respectively. Serum triglyceride (TG) levels, pathological changes, TJ proteins in the pancreas, and TJ ultrastructure of PDECs were assessed. LSR overexpression (OE) and knockdown (KD) HPDE6-C7 models were designed and cultured in a high-fat environment. Protein levels were quantified by Western blotting. Cell monolayer permeability was detected using FITC-Dextran. Results: Serum TG concentration and pancreatic scores were higher in the HTGAP group than in the normal group. Among the TJ proteins, LSR protein expression was significantly lower in the HTGAP group than in the acute pancreatitis (AP) group. Tricellulin (TRIC) expression in the pancreatic ductal epithelia was higher in the HTGAP group than in the AP group. The HTGAP group had lower TJ protein levels, wider intercellular space, and widespread cellular necrosis with disappearance of cell junction structures. In the cell study, TJ proteins were downregulated and the cellular barrier was impaired by palmitic acid (PA), which was reversed by LSR-OE, whereas LSR-KD downregulated the TJ proteins and aggravated PA-induced cellular barrier impairment. Conclusions: Hypertriglyceridemia downregulates the TJ proteins in PDECs, which may impair the pancreatic ductal mucosal barrier function. LSR regulation can change the effects of HTG on cellular barrier function by upregulating the TJ proteins.


Assuntos
Pancreatite , Receptores de Lipoproteínas , Doença Aguda , Animais , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Hipertrigliceridemia/complicações , Hipertrigliceridemia/metabolismo , Lipólise , Pancreatite/etiologia , Pancreatite/genética , Pancreatite/metabolismo , Pancreatite/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de LDL/genética , Receptores de LDL/metabolismo , Receptores de Lipoproteínas/genética , Receptores de Lipoproteínas/metabolismo , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
4.
Thyroid ; 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35317605

RESUMO

Background: Thyroid dysfunction is prevalent in reproductive-age women and has been identified as a risk factor for female infertility. However, it remains largely unclear whether subtle thyroid dysfunction, as estimated by moderately high thyrotropin (TSH) levels within the normal range, is associated with ovarian reserve in infertile women before assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 3501 euthyroid infertile women, including 2189 women with TSH levels ≤2.5 µIU/mL and 1312 women with high-normal TSH levels (2.51-4.20 µIU/mL). Ovarian reserve markers were compared between women with low- and high-normal TSH levels. Correlation analysis and regression models were used to estimate the association of TSH levels with ovarian reserve. In addition, the association of subtle thyroid dysfunction with ovarian reserve was further evaluated after stratification for different infertility diagnoses and statuses of thyroid autoimmunity (TAI). Results: In the total population, women with high-normal TSH levels had significantly decreased anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) concentrations (p < 0.001), a lower bilateral antral follicle count (AFC) (p < 0.001), and a higher prevalence of diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) (p = 0.018) than women with low-normal TSH levels. The TSH levels showed a negative association with both AMH levels (r = -0.050, p = 0.003) and bilateral AFC (r = -0.071, p < 0.001). Furthermore, the association of high-normal TSH levels with decreased AMH and AFC was more prominent in infertile women with ovulation dysfunction (p = 0.002, p = 0.002), unexplained infertility (p = 0.020, p = 0.028), or negative TAI (both p < 0.001). Conclusions: These data suggested that subtle thyroid dysfunction was associated with DOR in infertile women before ART treatment, which will add evidence that strengthens the systematic screening of TSH levels/TAI in infertile women and will contribute to the discussion of specific TSH cutoff values in predicting ovarian reserve.

5.
Clin Genet ; 101(5-6): 507-516, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35285020

RESUMO

The genetic causes of idiopathic premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) and nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) remain unclear. We performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) in members of a consanguineous family with two POI and two NOA patients to screen for potential pathogenic variants for familial POI and NOA. And a homozygous variant in SPATA22 (c.400C>T:p.R134X) was identified. Histological analysis and spermatocyte spreading assay demonstrated that the spermatogenesis was arrested at a zygotene-like stage in the proband with NOA. The candidate gene was further screened in the in-house WES database of idiopathic POI-affected patients. One additional compound heterozygous variant in SPATA22 (c.900+1G>A and c.31C>T:p.R11X) was found in one patient with sporadic POI and validated by minigene assay. Thus, this is the first report identifying SPATA22 as the causative gene for human POI. Combined with the observations in the familial patient with NOA, our findings highlighted the essential role of meiotic HR genes in gametogenesis and gonadal function maintenance.


Assuntos
Azoospermia , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária , Azoospermia/genética , Azoospermia/patologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
6.
Bioengineered ; 13(3): 7607-7621, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35263200

RESUMO

About 40% of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) develop drug resistance after first-line chemotherapy, which remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The emergence of DLBCL drug resistance is mainly related to Adriamycin. Our previous research shows that Paclitaxel could be a potential therapeutic drug for the treatment of Adriamycin-resistant DLBCL. Based on the results of RNA-seq and integrated network analysis, we study the potential molecular mechanism of Paclitaxel in the treatment of Adriamycin-resistant DLBCL in multiple dimensions. A CCK-8 assay showed that the inhibitory effect of Paclitaxel on Pfeiffer and Pfeiffer/ADM (Adriamycin-resistant DLBCL cell lines) is significantly higher than that of Adriamycin (P < 0.05). Five hub genes (UBC, TSR1, WDR46, HSP90AA1, and NOP56) were obtained via network analysis from 971 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) based on the RNA-seq of Paclitaxel-intervened Pfeiffer/ADM. The results of the network function module analysis showed that the inhibition of Pfeiffer/ADM by Paclitaxel was closely related to ribosome biosynthesis in eukaryotes. The results of RT-qPCR showed that the mRNA levels of the five hub genes in the Pfeiffer/ADM group were significantly lower than those in the Pfeiffer group and the Pfeiffer/ADM Paclitaxel-treated group (P < 0.05). Consistent with studies, Paclitaxel exhibited a significant inhibitory effect on Adriamycin-resistant DLBCL, which may have played a role in the five hub genes (UBC, TSR1, WDR46, HSP90AA1 and NOP56) and ribosome biosynthesis in eukaryotes pathway, but the specific regulation needs further experimental verification.


Assuntos
Doxorrubicina , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , RNA-Seq
7.
Exp Ther Med ; 23(4): 290, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35317441

RESUMO

Gelsolin (GSN) is a calcium-regulated actin-binding protein that can sever actin filaments. Notably, actin dynamics affect the structure and function of epithelial barriers. The present study investigated the role of GSN in the barrier function of pancreatic ductal epithelial cells (PDECs) in hypertriglyceridemia-induced pancreatitis (HTGP). The human PDEC cell line HPDE6-C7 underwent GSN knockdown and was treated with caerulein (CAE) + triglycerides (TG). Intracellular calcium levels and the actin filament network were analyzed under a fluorescence microscope. The expression levels of GSN, E-cadherin, nectin-2, ZO-1 and occludin were evaluated by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Ultrastructural changes in tight junctions were observed by transmission electron microscopy. Furthermore, the permeability of PDECs was analyzed by fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran fluorescence. The results revealed that CAE + TG increased intracellular calcium levels, actin filament depolymerization and GSN expression, and increased PDEC permeability by decreasing the expression levels of E-cadherin, nectin-2, ZO-1 and occludin compared with the control. Moreover, changes in these markers, with the exception of intracellular calcium levels, were reversed by silencing GSN. In conclusion, GSN may disrupt barrier function in PDECs by causing actin filament depolymerization in HTGP in vitro.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35218660

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a genetically heterogeneous condition associated with infertility and an increased risk of comorbidities. An increased number of genes implicated in DNA damage response pathways has been associated with POI as well as predisposition to cancers. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify and characterize patients affected by POI caused by pathogenic variants in genes involved in DNA damage response during meiosis. SETTING: Study subjects were recruited at academic centers. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with a diagnosis of POI and their family members were enrolled for genetic analysis. Clinical findings, family history, and peripheral blood samples were collected. RESEARCH DESIGN: Exome sequencing was performed on the study participants and their family members (when available). Protein conservation analysis and in silico modeling were used to obtain the structural model of the detected variants in the ZSWIM7 gene. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Rare deleterious variants in known and candidate genes associated with POI. RESULTS: Homozygous deleterious variants in the ZSWIM7 gene were identified in two unrelated patients with amenorrhea, an absence of puberty, and pre-pubertal ovaries and uterus. Observed variants were shown to alter the ZSWIM7 DNA-binding region, possibly affecting its function. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights the pivotal role of the ZSWIM7 gene involved in DNA damage response during meiosis on ovarian development and function. Characterization of patients with defects in DNA repair genes has important diagnostic and prognostic consequences for clinical management and reproductive decisions.

9.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 49, 2022 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35109928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Declining ovarian function in advance-aged women and in premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) patients seriously affects quality of life, and there is currently no effective treatment to rescue ovarian function in clinic. Stem cell transplantation is a promising therapeutic strategy for ovarian aging, but its clinical application is limited due to the low efficiency and unclear mechanism. Here, a novel combination of umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) and autocrosslinked hyaluronic acid (HA) gel is explored to rescue ovarian reserve and fecundity in POI and naturally aging mice. METHODS: To investigate HA prolonged the survival after UC-MSCs transplantation, PCR and immunofluorescence were performed to track the cells on day 1, 3, 7 and 14 after transplantation. The effects of HA on UC-MSCs were analyzed by CCK8 assay, RNA-sequencing and 440 cytokine array. In vivo experiments were conducted to evaluate the therapeutic effects of UC-MSCs combined with HA transplantation in 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide (VCD)-induced POI mice and naturally aging mice model. Ovarian function was analyzed by ovarian morphology, follicle counts, estrous cycle, hormone levels and fertility ability. To investigate the mechanisms of stem cell therapy, conditioned medium was collected from UC-MSCs and fibroblast. Both in vitro ovarian culture model and 440 cytokine array were applied to assess the paracrine effect and determine the underlying mechanism. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) was identified as an effective factor and verified by HGF cytokine/neutralization antibody supplementation into ovarian culture system. RESULTS: HA not only prolongs the retention of UC-MSCs in the ovary, but also boosts their secretory function, and UC-MSCs promote follicular survival by activating the PI3K-AKT pathway through a paracrine mechanism both in vitro and in vivo. More importantly, HGF is identified as the key functional cytokine secreted by MSCs. CONCLUSIONS: The results show that HA is an excellent cell scaffold to improve the treatment efficiency of UC-MSCs for ovarian aging under both physiological and pathological conditions, and the therapeutic mechanism is through activation of the PI3K-AKT pathway via HGF. These findings will facilitate the clinical application of MSCs transplantation for ovarian disorders.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Idoso , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/metabolismo , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Qualidade de Vida
10.
Stem Cell Rev Rep ; 2022 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35089464

RESUMO

Primordial follicle activation is fundamental for folliculogenesis and for the maintenance of fertility. An effective therapeutic strategy for patients with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is to promote the activation of residual primordial follicles. The secretome of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stromal cells (hUC-MSC-sec) contains several components that might promote the activation of primordial follicles. In the present study, we revealed that treatment with the hUC-MSC-sec significantly increased the proportion of activated primordial follicles in mouse ovaries both in vitro and in vivo. The activating effects of hUC-MSC-sec on primordial follicles were attributed to the activation of the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). While the effect of the hUC-MSC-sec was attenuated by the neutralizing antibodies against HGF, application of exogenous HGF alone also promoted the activation of primordial follicles. Furthermore, we demonstrated that HGF promoted the expression of KITL in granulosa cells by binding with the HGF receptor c-Met, thereby increasing the activity of the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway to activate primordial follicles. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that hUC-MSC-sec promotes primordial follicle activation through the functional component HGF to increase the PI3K-AKT signaling activity, highlighting the application of the hUC-MSC-sec or HGF for the treatment of POI patients.

11.
Autophagy ; : 1-15, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025698

RESUMO

Ovarian granulosa cells (GCs) proliferate and differentiate along with follicular growth, and this is indispensable for oocyte development and female fertility. Although the role of macroautophagy/autophagy in ovarian function has been reported, its contribution to the regulation of GC characteristics remains elusive. The siRNA-mediated knockdown of two key autophagy-related genes ATG5 and BECN1 and the autophagy inhibitor chloroquine were used to interfere with autophagy in GCs. Inhibition of autophagy both genetically and pharmacologically resulted in decreased expression of genes associated with GC differentiation, including CYP19A1/Aromatase and FSHR, as well as in reduced estradiol synthesis. Mechanistically, when autophagy was disrupted, the transcription factor WT1 accumulated in GCs due to its insufficient degradation by the autophagic pathway, and this inhibited GC differentiation. Finally, decreased expression of several autophagy-related genes, as well as reduced LC3-II:LC3-I and elevated SQSTM1/p62 protein levels, which are indications of decreased autophagy, were detected in GCs from biochemical premature ovarian insufficiency patients. In summary, our study reveals that autophagy regulates the differentiation of ovarian GCs by degrading WT1 and that insufficient autophagy might be involved in ovarian dysfunction.

13.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 107(3): 724-734, 2022 02 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34718620

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) and nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) are the most severe diseases causing irreversible infertility in females and males, respectively. The contribution of synaptonemal complex (SC) gene variations in the pathogenesis of sporadic patients with POI and NOA has not been systematically illustrated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of SC genes in the pathogenesis of sporadic POI and NOA. DESIGN: Genetic and functional study. SETTING: University-based reproductive medicine center. PATIENT(S): A total of 1030 patients with sporadic POI and 400 patients with sporadic NOA. INTERVENTION(S): The variations of SC genes were filtered in the in-house database of whole exome sequencing performed in 1030 patients with sporadic POI and 400 patients with sporadic NOA. The pathogenic or likely pathogenic variations following recessive inheritance mode were selected according to American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) guidelines and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. The pathogenic effects of the variations were verified by functional studies. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): ACMG classification and functional characteristics. RESULT(S): Two homozygous variations of C14ORF39 and 2 recessive variations of SYCE1 were first identified in sporadic patients with POI and NOA, respectively. Functional studies showed the C14ORF39 variations significantly accelerated the protein degradation and the variations in SYCE1 disrupted its interaction with SYCP1 or C14ORF39, both of which affected SC assembly and meiosis. CONCLUSION(S): Our study identified novel pathogenic variations of C14ORF39 and SYCE1 in sporadic patients with POI or NOA, highlighting the essential role of SC genes in the maintenance of ovarian and testicular function.


Assuntos
Azoospermia/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/genética , Adulto , Azoospermia/patologia , Biópsia , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , Mutagênese , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Testículo/patologia , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
14.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 44(2): 247-253, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34906424

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: Do embryo euploidy rates differ in the four groups of women with low prognosis as stratified by the POSEIDON criteria? DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of low-prognosis patients who met the POSEIDON criteria and underwent preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidies (PGT-A) from January 2013 to June 2020 at the Center for Reproductive Medicine, Shandong University, China. A total of 3016 blastocysts from 1269 PGT-A cycles were included in the study. The primary outcome was the euploidy rate of the blastocysts. For each group, regression analyses were performed to quantitatively describe the relationship between maternal age and embryo euploidy rate. RESULTS: The euploidy rate of embryos in women with poor ovarian response (POR) was 39.1% in total. There were 727, 1052, 275 and 962 blastocysts in groups 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively, with corresponding embryo euploidy rates of 57.2%, 34.9%, 52.4% and 26.2% (P < 0.001). Within each group, the euploidy rate decreased with age, especially in women aged 35 years or older (i.e. groups 2 and 4). CONCLUSIONS: Euploidy rates were more favourable in groups 1 and 3, of a young age, re-emphasizing that oocyte quality is the primary factor determining embryo euploidy rate. The study's findings demonstrated the reasonability of categorizing women with POR by the POSEIDON criteria depending on female age and ovarian reserve biomarkers. These results also provide information for women with POR in different subgroups so they can receive proper counselling on the possible prognosis.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico Pré-Implantação , Aneuploidia , Blastocisto , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Implantação/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
EBioMedicine ; 75: 103790, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34974310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oogenesis is a fundamental process of human reproduction, and mitochondria play crucial roles in oocyte competence. Mitochondrial ATP-dependent Lon protease 1 (LONP1) functions as a critical protein in maintaining mitochondrial and cellular homeostasis in somatic cells. However, the essential role of LONP1 in maintaining mammalian oogenesis is far from elucidated. METHODS: Using conditional oocyte Lonp1-knockout mice, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and coimmunoprecipitation/liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (Co-IP/LC-MS) technology, we analysed the functions of LONP1 in mammalian oogenesis. FINDINGS: Conditional knockout of Lonp1 in mouse oocytes in both the primordial and growing follicle stages impairs follicular development and causes progressive oocyte death, ovarian reserve loss, and infertility. LONP1 directly interacts with apoptosis inducing factor mitochondria-associated 1 (AIFM1), and LONP1 ablation leads to the translocation of AIFM1 from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, causing apoptosis in mouse oocytes. In addition, women with pathogenic variants of LONP1 lack large antral follicles (>10 mm) in the ovaries, are infertile and present premature ovarian insufficiency. INTERPRETATION: We demonstrated the function of LONP1 in regulating oocyte development and survival, and in-depth analysis of LONP1 will be crucial for elucidating the mechanisms underlying premature ovarian insufficiency. FUNDING: This work was supported by grants from the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFC1004701), the National Nature Science Foundation of China (82001629, 81871128, 81571391, 81401166, 82030040), the Jiangsu Province Social Development Project (BE2018602), the Jiangsu Provincial Medical Youth Talent (QNRC2016006), the Youth Program of the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20200116) and Jiangsu Province Postdoctoral Research Funding (2021K277B).


Assuntos
Protease La , Proteases Dependentes de ATP/metabolismo , Animais , Fator de Indução de Apoptose/genética , Fator de Indução de Apoptose/metabolismo , Mamíferos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Oócitos , Oogênese/genética , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Protease La/metabolismo
16.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 27(3): 240-248, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34914307

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of modified Dahuang Zhechong Granule (DZG) on the epididymal tissue of varicocele (VC) rats and the expressions of the nuclear factor erythroid 2 (NF-E2)-related factor (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) protein. METHODS: Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into six groups of an equal number: sham operation, VC model control, aescuven forte (AF) and low-, medium- and high-dose DZG. The VC model was established by ligation of the left renal vein with the Turner's method, followed by intragastrical administration of normal saline to the rats in the sham operation and VC model control groups, AF Tablets at 54 mg/kg to those in the AF group, and modified DZG at 0.6, 1.2 and 2.4 g/ml to those in the low-, medium- and high-dose DZG groups respectively, all once daily for 8 weeks. Then, all the animals were sacrificed and their left epididymides harvested for examination of semen quality, observation of local ultrastructural changes, measurement of the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells by Annexin V-FITC, and determination of the expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 in the epididymal tissue by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Evident pathological damage was observed in the left epididymal tissue of the VC model controls, with significantly reduced numbers of spermatogenic cells and sperm at all levels, partially destroyed cellular structure, and disappearance of some subcellular structures such as the lysosome, mitochondrion, endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus and cell membrane, which were all improved to some extent in the DZG and AF group. Sperm concentration and motility in the left epididymis were significantly higher in the medium- and high-dose DZG and AF groups than in the VC model controls (P < 0.05), even more significantly in the high-dose DZG than in the AF group (P < 0.05). The apoptosis rate of spermatogenic cells was markedly higher in the VC model control than in the sham operation group (P < 0.05), but lower in the medium- and high-dose DZG and AF groups than in the VC model controls (P < 0.05). Immunohistochemistry showed positive expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 proteins, brown, scattered and with a low luminance of the cells, in the left epididymis tissue of the VC model control rats, but with a significantly higher cell luminance in the high-dose DZG and AF groups. CONCLUSIONS: Modified Dahuang Zhechong Granule can effectively repair pathological damage to the epididymis of varicocele rats, increase the expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 proteins, antagonize the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells and provide a favorable condition for sperm maturation.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Epididimo , Heme Oxigenase (Desciclizante)/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Varicocele , Animais , Epididimo/citologia , Epididimo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Análise do Sêmen
17.
Front Genet ; 12: 747274, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777472

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies have identified >100 genetic risk factors for rheumatoid arthritis. However, the reported genetic variants could only explain less than 40% heritability of rheumatoid arthritis. The majority of the heritability is still missing and needs to be identified with more studies with different approaches and populations. In order to identify novel function SNPs to explain missing heritability and reveal novel mechanism pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, 4 HLA SNPs (HLA-DRB1, HLA-DRB9, HLA-DQB1, and TNFAIP3) and 225 common SNPs located in miRNA, which might influence the miRNA target binding or pre-miRNA stability, were genotyped in 1,607 rheumatoid arthritis and 1,580 matched normal individuals. We identified 2 novel SNPs as significantly associated with rheumatoid arthritis including rs1414273 (miR-548ac, OR = 0.84, p = 8.26 × 10-4) and rs2620381 (miR-627, OR = 0.77, p = 2.55 × 10-3). We also identified that rs5997893 (miR-3928) showed significant epistasis effect with rs4947332 (HLA-DRB1, OR = 4.23, p = 0.04) and rs2967897 (miR-5695) with rs7752903 (TNFAIP3, OR = 4.43, p = 0.03). In addition, we found that individuals who carried 8 risk alleles showed 15.38 (95%CI: 4.69-50.49, p < 1.0 × 10-6) times more risk of being affected by RA. Finally, we demonstrated that the targets of the significant miRNAs showed enrichment in immune related genes (p = 2.0 × 10-5) and FDA approved drug target genes (p = 0.014). Overall, 6 novel miRNA SNPs including rs1414273 (miR-548ac, p = 8.26 × 10-4), rs2620381 (miR-627, p = 2.55 × 10-3), rs4285314 (miR-3135b, p = 1.10 × 10-13), rs28477407 (miR-4308, p = 3.44 × 10-5), rs5997893 (miR-3928, p = 5.9 × 10-3) and rs45596840 (miR-4482, p = 6.6 × 10-3) were confirmed to be significantly associated with RA in a Chinese population. Our study suggests that miRNAs might be interesting targets to accelerate understanding of the pathogenesis and drug development for rheumatoid arthritis.

18.
N Engl J Med ; 385(22): 2047-2058, 2021 11 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Embryo selection with preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) may improve pregnancy outcomes after initial embryo transfer. However, it remains uncertain whether PGT-A improves the cumulative live-birth rate as compared with conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized, controlled trial, we randomly assigned subfertile women with three or more good-quality blastocysts to undergo either PGT-A or conventional IVF; all the women were between 20 and 37 years of age. Three blastocysts were screened by next-generation sequencing in the PGT-A group or were chosen by morphologic criteria in the conventional-IVF group and then were successively transferred one by one. The primary outcome was the cumulative live-birth rate after up to three embryo-transfer procedures within 1 year after randomization. We hypothesized that the use of PGT-A would result in a cumulative live-birth rate that was no more than 7 percentage points higher than the rate after conventional IVF, which would constitute the noninferiority margin for conventional IVF as compared with PGT-A. RESULTS: A total of 1212 patients underwent randomization, and 606 were assigned to each trial group. Live births occurred in 468 women (77.2%) in the PGT-A group and in 496 (81.8%) in the conventional-IVF group (absolute difference, -4.6 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], -9.2 to -0.0; P<0.001). The cumulative frequency of clinical pregnancy loss was 8.7% and 12.6%, respectively (absolute difference, -3.9 percentage points; 95% CI, -7.5 to -0.2). The incidences of obstetrical or neonatal complications and other adverse events were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among women with three or more good-quality blastocysts, conventional IVF resulted in a cumulative live-birth rate that was noninferior to the rate with PGT-A. (Funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03118141.).


Assuntos
Aneuploidia , Fertilização In Vitro , Testes Genéticos , Nascido Vivo , Diagnóstico Pré-Implantação , Adulto , Blastômeros , Transtornos Cromossômicos/diagnóstico , Transferência Embrionária , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Gravidez , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
19.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 26: 1092-1106, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786213

RESUMO

The list of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) that participate in the function of ovarian granulosa cells (GCs) is rapidly expanding, but the mechanisms through which lncRNAs regulate GC function are not yet fully understood. Here, we recognized a minimally expressed lncRNA RP4-545C24.1 (which we named DDGC) in GCs from patients with biochemical premature ovarian insufficiency (bPOI). We further explored the role of lncRNA DDGC in GC function and its contribution to the development of bPOI. Mechanistically, silencing DDGC downregulated RAD51 by competitively binding with miR-589-5p, and this resulted in significant inhibition of DNA damage repair capacity. In addition, decreased expression of DDGC promoted ubiquitin-mediated degradation of Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) protein through interactions with heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), which led to aberrant differentiation of GCs. Moreover, DDGC was able to ameliorate the etoposide-induced DNA damage and apoptosis in vivo. Taken together, these findings provide new insights into the contribution of lncRNAs in POI pathogenesis.

20.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34685026

RESUMO

TiO2 has been generally studied for photocatalytic sterilization, but its antibacterial activities are limited. Herein, TiO2 nanospheres with rutile/anatase heterophase junctions are prepared by a wet chemical/annealing method. The large BET surface area and pore size are beneficial for the absorption of bacteria. The rutile/anatase heterojunctions narrow the bandgap, which enhances light absorption. The rutile/anatase heterojunctions also efficiently promote the photogenerated carriers' separation, finally producing a high yield of radical oxygen species, such as •O2- and •OH, to sterilize bacteria. As a consequence, the obtained TiO2 nanospheres with rutile/anatase heterojunctions present an improved antibacterial performance against E. coli (98%) within 3 h of simulated solar light irradiation, exceeding that of TiO2 nanospheres without annealing (amorphous) and TiO2 nanospheres annealing at 350 and 550 °C (pure anatase). Furthermore, we design a photocatalytic antibacterial spray to protect the file paper. Our study reveals that the TiO2 nanospheres with rutile/anatase heterojunctions are a potential candidate for maintaining the durability of paper in the process of archival protection.

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