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1.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(5): 444, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534453

RESUMO

Mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles that participate in ATP generation and involve calcium homeostasis, oxidative stress response, and apoptosis. Dysfunctional or damaged mitochondria could cause serious consequences even lead to cell death. Therefore, maintaining the homeostasis of mitochondria is critical for cellular functions. Mitophagy is a process of selectively degrading damaged mitochondria under mitochondrial toxicity conditions, which plays an essential role in mitochondrial quality control. The abnormal mitophagy that aggravates mitochondrial dysfunction is closely related to the pathogenesis of many diseases. As the myocardium is a highly oxidative metabolic tissue, mitochondria play a central role in maintaining optimal performance of the heart. Dysfunctional mitochondria accumulation is involved in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases, such as myocardial infarction, cardiomyopathy and heart failure. This review discusses the most recent progress on mitophagy and its role in cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Autofagia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Homeostase , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitofagia/fisiologia
3.
J Fluoresc ; 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511384

RESUMO

To establish a rapid and highly sensitive assay for tumor-associated trypsinogen-2 (TAT-2) based on the time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay (TRFIA) and evaluate its potential clinical value in patients with lung cancer. The double-antibody sandwich method was used in detecting TAT-2 antigen concentrations, and two types of TAT-2 antibodies (coating antibodies and Eu3+ labeled antibodies) were used. A TAT-2-TRFIA method was then established, evaluated, and used in detecting the serum TAT-2 levels of healthy subjects and patients with lung cancer. The linear range of the TAT-2-TRFIA method was 1.53-300 ng/mL, the intra-assay coefficient of variation (CV) were between 1.67% and 8.42%, and the inter-assay CV were between 4.29% and 11.44%. The recovery rates of TAT-2-TRFIA were between 99.17% and 107.06%. The cross-reactivities of trypsin and T-cell immunoglobulin mucin 3 were 0.02% and 0.82%, respectively. The serum TAT-2 levels of patients with lung cancer were higher than those of healthy subjects (P < 0.001). Combined with TAT-2, the sensitivity and specificity of CEA and CA-125 for lung cancer improved significantly. Conclusion: We successfully established a highly sensitive TAT-2-TRFIA method, which was able to facilitate the timely diagnosis of lung cancer.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(9)2022 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35563091

RESUMO

The lateral organ boundary domain (LBD) gene is a plant-specific transcription factor that plays a crucial role in plant growth and development, including the development of lateral vegetative organs such as leaf and root development, as well as floral organs such as sepal, petal, and pollen development. Passion fruit is a tropical fruit with important agricultural, economic and ornamental value. However, there is no systematic research report available on the LBD gene family of passion fruit. In this study, a genome-wide analysis of passion fruit LBD genes identified 33 PeLBDs that were unevenly distributed across nine chromosomes. According to phylogenetic and gene structure analysis, PeLBDs were divided into two categories: Class I (27) and Class II (6). Homologous protein modeling results showed that the gene members of the two subfamilies were structurally and functionally similar. Cis-acting element and target gene prediction analysis suggested that PeLBDs might participate in various biological processes by regulating diverse target genes involved in growth and development, metabolism, hormones and stress response. Collinearity analysis indicated that the expansion of the PeLBD gene family likely took place mainly by segmental duplication, and some duplicated gene pairs such as PeLBD13/15 might show functional redundancy, while most duplicated gene pairs such as PeLBD8/12 showed different expression profiles indicating their functional diversification. After filtering low expressed genes, all Class Id PeLBDs were more highly expressed during pollen development. At the same, all Class Ic and many other PeLBDs were relatively highly expressed during ovule development, similar with their homologous LBD genes in Arabidopsis, indicating their potential regulatory roles in reproductive tissue development in passion fruit. PeLBDs that were highly expressed in floral tissues were also expressed at a higher level in tendrils with some differences, indicating the close relationships of tendrils to floral tissues. Some genes such as PeLBD23/25 might be simultaneously related to floral development and leaf early formation in passion fruit, while other PeLBDs showed a strong tissue-specific expression. For example, PeLBD17/27/29 were specifically expressed in floral tissues, while PeLBD11 were only highly expressed in fruit, suggesting their specific function in the development of certain tissues. A qRT-PCR was conducted to verify the expression levels of six PeLBDs in different tissues. Our analysis provides a basis for the functional analysis of LBD genes and new insights into their regulatory roles in floral and vegetative tissue development.

5.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 883654, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35599891

RESUMO

FAR-RED ELONGATED HYPOCOTYLS3 (FHY3) and its homolog FAR-RED IMPAIRED RESPONSE1 (FAR1), which play pivotal roles in plant growth and development, are essential for the photo-induced phyA nuclear accumulation and subsequent photoreaction. The FAR1/FHY3 family has been systematically characterized in some plants, but not in Eucalyptus grandis. In this study, genome-wide identification of FAR1/FHY3 genes in E. grandis was performed using bioinformatic methods. The gene structures, chromosomal locations, the encoded protein characteristics, 3D models, phylogenetic relationships, and promoter cis-elements were analyzed with this gene family. A total of 33 FAR1/FHY3 genes were identified in E. grandis, which were divided into three groups based on their phylogenetic relationships. A total of 21 pairs of duplicated repeats were identified by homology analysis. Gene expression analysis showed that most FAR1/FHY3 genes were differentially expressed in a spatial-specific manner. Gene expression analysis also showed that FAR1/FHY3 genes responded to salt and temperature stresses. These results and observation will enhance our understanding of the evolution and function of the FAR1/FHY3 genes in E. grandis and facilitate further studies on the molecular mechanism of the FAR1/FHY3 gene family in growth and development regulations, especially in response to salt and temperature.

6.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 239: 113621, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35569300

RESUMO

Environmental issues associated with the widespread use of agricultural chemicals are being seriously concerned. Of them, toxicological impacts of fungicides in aquatic organisms are often overlooked. Here, soft-shelled turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) hatchlings were exposed to different concentrations of vinclozolin (0, 5, 50, 500 and 5000 µg/L) for 60 days to investigate the impact of fungicide exposure on their gut microbial composition and diversity. Vinclozolin exposure significantly affected the composition of the gut microbiota in hatchling turtles. Unexpectedly, gut bacterial diversity and richness of vinclozolin-exposed turtles (but not for the 5000 µg/L-exposed group) were relatively higher than control ones. At the phylum level, the abundance of Firmicutes was decreased, while that of Proteobacteria was increased in high-concentration groups. At the genus level, some bacterial genera including Cellulosilyticum, Romboutsia and Clostridium_sensu_stricto, were significantly changed after vinclozolin exposure; and some uniquely observed in high-concentration groups. Gene function predictions showed that genes related to amino acid metabolism were less abundant, while those related to energy metabolism more abundant in high-concentration groups. The prevalence of some pathogens inevitably affected gut health status of vinclozolin-exposed turtles. Such gut microbiota dysbiosis might be potentially linked with hepatic metabolite changes induced by vinclozolin exposure.

7.
Aust J Rural Health ; 2022 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35460580

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Maintaining care for elderly individuals in rural areas is heavily dependent on support from informal caregivers. Many informal caregivers of the elderly in rural areas feel burdened and urgently require professional support. Interests in telehealth that can provide support irrespective of geographical location have been increasing. OBJECTIVE: To identify the benefits of and barriers in telehealth engagement for rural caregivers to provide evidence for service improvement. DESIGN: A scoping review method was used following PRISMA-ScR guidelines and Arksey and O'Malley's five-stage framework. Five databases were searched. The search terms were chosen based on the target intervention (i.e. telehealth), target population (caregivers of elderly individuals) and target context (rural areas). Two authors independently assessed the eligibility of studies and extracted data from eligible studies. FINDINGS: Of 4220 retrieved studies, 19 articles met the inclusion criteria. This study identified four benefits of and two barriers to telehealth for rural caregivers. Four subthemes were identified as the key benefits in using telehealth for caregivers: decrease in psychological distress, increase in care efficiency, increase in social support and increase in access to resources, while inadequate telehealth infrastructures and caregivers' own reasons were the primary barriers in using telehealth for those populations. CONCLUSIONS: Telehealth was shown to significantly benefit rural caregivers. Future research can be designed and conducted for overcoming the barriers to telehealth. Additionally, the benefits identified by this review need to be translated from research into practice for rural caregivers' care.

8.
Neurochem Int ; 157: 105342, 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35461975

RESUMO

Stress Granules (SGs) are RNA granules composed of untranslated mRNA and associated proteins, which are related to the cytoplasmic metabolism of mRNA in response to cellular stress and certain drug stimuli. Physiological SGs are dynamic structures that protect cells from the effects of stress, and continuous stress ripens the SGs into more stable complexes. Numerous studies have found that dysregulation of RNA metabolism in stress response led to misfolded protein aggregation in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases. For example, in neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), frontotemporal dementia (FTD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and Parkinson's disease (PD), SGs aggregation is mainly due to up-regulation of SGs formation and down-regulation of SGs clearance. Recent studies have revealed the role of SGs in the pathogenesis and pathology of AD, especially the interaction of SGs and RNA-binding proteins with Tau and autophagy. Aggregation of SGs and increased RNA-binding proteins, especially TIA1, can facilitate Tau misfolding and propagation, and vice versa. Autophagy dysfunction disrupts the normal pathway of SGs clearance. In this review, we summarized the regulation of SGs and their relationship with Tau protein and autophagy, as well as the pathological mechanisms of AD such as RNA splicing, microglial cell proliferation and phagocytosis.

9.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 873993, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35463416

RESUMO

Snf2 family proteins are the crucial subunits of chromatin-remodeling complexes (CRCs), which contributes to the biological processes of transcription, replication, and DNA repair using ATP as energy. Some CRC subunits have been confirmed to be the critical regulators in various aspects of plant growth and development and in epigenetic mechanisms such as histone modification, DNA methylation, and histone variants. However, the functions of Snf2 family genes in rice were poorly investigated. In this study, the relative expression profile of 40 members of Snf2 family in rice was studied at certain developmental stages of seed. Our results revealed that OsCHR741/OsDDM1b (Decrease in DNA methylation 1) was accumulated highly in the early developmental stage of seeds. We further analyzed the OsDDM1b T-DNA insertion loss-of-function of mutant, which exhibited dwarfism, smaller organ size, and shorter and wider grain size than the wild type (Hwayoung, HY), yet no difference in 1,000-grain weight. Consistent with the grain size, the outer parenchyma cell layers of lemma in osddm1b developed more cells with decreased size. OsDDM1b encoded a nucleus, membrane-localized protein and was distributed predominately in young spikelets and seeds, asserting its role in grain size. Meanwhile, the osddm1b was less sensitive to brassinosteroids (BRs) while the endogenous BR levels increased. We detected changes in the expression levels of the BR signaling pathway and feedback-inhibited genes with and without exogenous BR application, and the alterations of expression were also observed in grain size-related genes in the osddm1b. Altogether, our results suggest that OsDDM1b plays a crucial role in grain size via influencing cell proliferation and regulating BR signaling and homeostasis.

10.
Plant J ; 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35362164

RESUMO

Nelumbo lutea (American lotus), which differs from Nelumbo nucifera (Asian lotus) morphologically, is one of the two remaining species in the basal eudicot family Nelumbonaceae. Here, we assembled the 843-Mb genome of American lotus into eight pseudochromosomes containing 31 382 protein-coding genes. Comparative analyses revealed conserved synteny without large chromosomal rearrangements between the genomes of American and Asian lotus and identified 29 533 structural variants (SVs). Carotenoid and anthocyanin pigments determine the yellow and red petal colors of American and Asian lotus, respectively. The structural genes encoding enzymes of the carotenoid and anthocyanin biosynthesis pathways were conserved between two species but differed in expression. We detected SVs caused by repetitive sequence expansion or contraction among the anthocyanin biosynthesis regulatory MYB genes. Further transient overexpression of candidate NnMYB5 induced anthocyanin accumulation in lotus petals. Alternative oxidase (AOX), uncoupling proteins (UCPs), and sugar metabolism and transportation contributed to carpel thermogenesis. Carpels produce heat with sugars transported from leaves as the main substrates, because there was weak tonoplast sugar transporter (TST) activity, and with SWEETs were highly expressed during thermogenesis. Cell proliferation-related activities were particularly enhanced in the warmer carpels compared with stamens during the cold night before blooming, which suggested that thermogenesis plays an important role in flower protogyny. Population genomic analyses revealed deep divergence between American and Asian lotus, and independent domestication affecting seed, rhizome, and flower traits. Our findings provide a high-quality reference genome of American lotus for exploring the genetic divergence and variation between two species and revealed possible genomic bases for petal color, carpel thermogenesis and domestication in lotus.

11.
J Fluoresc ; 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35384545

RESUMO

Three novel D-π-π-A prototype compounds, namely, (E)-2-(3-([1,1'-biphenyl]-2-yl)-1-(9H-fluoren-2-yl)allylidene)malononitri-le (2-BAM), (E)-2-(3-([1,1'-biphenyl]-3-yl)-1-(9H-fluoren-2-yl)allylidene)malononitri-le (3-BAM), and (E)-2-(3-([1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)-1-(9H-fluoren-2-yl)allylidene)malononitri-le (4-BAM) were synthesized. Furthermore, the structures and photophysical properties of three compounds were compared. Molecules of 2-BAM were packed into a 1D column structure with H-aggregation. However, both of 3-BAM and 4-BAM were packed into 3D layer structures with J-aggregation, respectively. Although all three compounds showed highly twisted molecular geometries, their respective molecular packing and intermolecular interactions were different. Because of the differences in electronic structures of molecules, three compounds displayed different emission behaviors in solid and dilute solution states. This study indicated that changing the position of biphenyl groups is an effective way for turning the structures and photophysical properties of such D-π-π-A prototype fluorescent materials.

12.
Front Oncol ; 12: 864980, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35359397

RESUMO

Exosomes are important mediators of intercellular communication and participate in complex biological processes by transferring a variety of bioactive molecules between cells. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process in which the cell phenotype changes from epithelioid to mesenchymal-like. EMT is also an important process for cancer cells by which they acquire invasive and metastatic capabilities, which aggravates the degree of tumor malignancy. Numerous studies have demonstrated that exosomes encapsulate various components, such as microRNAs and proteins, and transfer information between tumor cells or between tumor cells and the tumor microenvironment, thereby regulating the EMT process. Exosomes can also be used for cancer diagnosis and treatment or as a drug delivery platform. Thus, they can be used as a therapeutic tool to control the occurrence of EMT and affect cancer progression. In this review, we summarize the latest research advancements in the regulation of the EMT process in tumor cells by the contents of exosomes. Furthermore, we discuss the potential and challenges of using exosomes as a tool for cancer treatment.

13.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(3): 270, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35338124

RESUMO

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the main type of thyroid carcinoma. Despite the good prognosis, some PTC patients may deteriorate into more aggressive diseases, leading to poor survival. Molecular technology has been increasingly used in the diagnosis and treatment of thyroid carcinoma. In this study, we identified that RNA Binding Motif Protein 47 (RBM47) was downregulated in PTC tissues and cells, and overexpression of RBM47 could activate autophagy and inhibit proliferation in PTC cells. RBM47 promotes but can not bind directly to Forkhead Box O3 (FOXO3). FOXO3 activates Autophagy Related Gene 3 (ATG3), ATG5, and RBM47 to form a loop and promote autophagy. RBM47 can bind directly to and stabilized lncRNA Small Nucleolar RNA Host Gene 5 (SNHG5) to inhibit PTC cells proliferation and activate autophagy in vitro and in vivo. SNHG5 inhibits ubiquitination and degradation of FOXO3 by recruiting Ubiquitin Specific Peptidase 21 (USP21), then promotes the translocation of FOXO3 from cytoplasm to nucleus. Our study revealed the regulatory mechanism of RBM47/SNHG5/FOXO3 axis on cell proliferation and autophagy in PTC, which may provide valuable insight for the treatment of PTC.


Assuntos
RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Autofagia/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteína Forkhead Box O3/genética , Proteína Forkhead Box O3/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/metabolismo
14.
Drug Discov Today ; 27(5): 1350-1366, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35248748

RESUMO

The screening of compound-protein interactions (CPIs) is one of the most crucial steps in finding hit and lead compounds. Deep learning (DL) methods for CPI prediction can address intrinsic limitations of traditional HTS and virtual screening with the advantage of low cost and high efficiency. This review provides a comprehensive survey of DL-based CPI prediction. It first summarizes popular databases of small-molecule compounds, proteins and binding complexes. Then, it outlines classical representations of compounds and proteins in turn. After that, this review briefly introduces state-of-the-art DL-based models in terms of design paradigms and investigates their prediction performance. Finally, it indicates current challenges and trends toward better CPI prediction and sketches out crucial approaches toward practical applications.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Bases de Dados Factuais , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Proteínas/metabolismo
15.
Anal Biochem ; 648: 114674, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35351395

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to establish a highly sensitive time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay (TRFIA) for the detection of serum lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and evaluate the clinical application value of Lp-PLA2 in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: The level of Lp-PLA2 was detected using the double-antibody sandwich method. First, the Lp-PLA2-TRFIA method was established, and the method was evaluated on the basis of linearity, sensitivity, precision, specificity, and recovery rate. Then, the fluorescence counts in serum of healthy subjects and patients with breast cancer were detected by Lp-PLA2-TRFIA, and the levels of Lp-PLA2 were calculated using a standard curve. RESULTS: Lp-PLA2-TRFIA had a wide linear range (43.48-2000 ng/mL). The intra-assay precisions of Lp-PLA2-TRFIA ranged from 2.66% to 4.84% (<10%), and the inter-assay precisions were between 5.39% and 6.95% (<15%). No cross-reaction was observed among Lp-PLA2, Tumor-associated trypsinogen-2, and T-cell immunoglobulin mucin 3. In addition, the recovery rates were between 90% and 100%. The serum Lp-PLA2 levels of patients with breast cancer were significantly higher than those of healthy subjects. CONCLUSIONS: We successfully established a highly sensitive Lp-PLA2-TRFIA method, and found serum Lp-PLA2 may be associated with dyslipidemia in breast cancer and could be used for auxiliary diagnose.


Assuntos
1-Alquil-2-acetilglicerofosfocolina Esterase , Neoplasias da Mama , Biomarcadores , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Feminino , Fluorimunoensaio , Humanos
16.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 63(3): 7, 2022 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35262733

RESUMO

Purpose: Current treatments for diabetic retinopathy (DR) have considerable limitations, emphasizing the need for new therapeutic options. The effect of leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2) on diabetes-induced blood-retinal barrier impairment and the possible underlying mechanism were investigated both in vivo and in vitro. Methods: Twenty diabetic and 22 nondiabetic eyes were included in this study. Additionally, we established a streptozotocin-induced diabetic mouse model and observed vascular leakage in mice treated with or without recombinant LECT2 (rLECT2) intravitreal injection (40 µg/mL, 1 µL). The levels of LECT2 and interendothelial junction proteins (ZO1, VE-cadherin, and occludin) were analyzed by western blot and/or immunofluorescence. Endothelial junctions in mouse retinas were observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Moreover, confluent human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (HRMECs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated (0-72 hours) with glucose (0 or 30 mM) in the presence or absence of rLECT2 (40-360 ng/mL). After treatment, intact cell monolayers were monitored for permeability to 40-kD FITC-dextran. Interendothelial junction targets and Tie2/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway components were investigated by western blot. Results: In diabetic human and mouse retinas and high-glucose (30 mM)-treated HRMECs and HUVECs, the levels of LECT2 and interendothelial junction proteins were decreased. rLECT2 treatment (80 ng/mL) significantly attenuated the hyperglycemia-induced reduction in endothelial cell barrier function and inhibited the migration and tube formation of HRMECs and HUVECs. In addition, rLECT2 increased the levels of interendothelial junction proteins via activation of the Tie2/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. Furthermore, intravitreal rLECT2 injections increased the levels of interendothelial junction proteins and reversed diabetes-induced junction disruption. Conclusions: rLECT2 can increase the levels of interendothelial tight junction proteins through activation of the Tie2/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and can ameliorate inner blood-retinal barrier impairment secondary to diabetes. LECT2 might be a potential target to prevent the progression of DR.


Assuntos
Barreira Hematorretiniana , Diabetes Mellitus , Retinopatia Diabética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Retinopatia Diabética/tratamento farmacológico , Retinopatia Diabética/metabolismo , Glucose/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/farmacologia , Camundongos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Receptor TIE-2/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Vasos Retinianos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
17.
Chem Biodivers ; : e202200064, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35333437

RESUMO

Actinomycetes have being regarded as a treasure reservoir of various bioactive secondary metabolites and devoted many antibiotics in clinicals. Amycolatopsis sp. YNNP 00208 was isolated from a soil sample collected in Gaoligong Mountain area, Yunnan Province, China. Chemical investigation of its fermentation broth led to a new amide, baoshanmycin (1), and a new furanone derivative, 3-(1,3-dihydroxybutyl)-4-methylfuran-2(H)-one (2), together with eight known compounds, including two amides (3-4), four cyclic dipeptides (5-8), and two deoxyribonucleosides (9-10). Their structures were established on basis of the 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopic data, along with the HR-ESI-MS experiments. Baoshanmycin (1) showed moderate antimicrobial activities against Candida albicans, and weak activities against Staphylococcus aureus, multi-drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Listeria monocytogenes, fluconazole-resistant Candida albicans. Baoshanmycin (1) presented strong antioxidant activity and moderate anti-acetylcholinesterase activity. The other compound 3-(1,3-dihydroxybutyl)-4-methylfuran-2(H)-one (2) and the known compounds (3-10) showed moderate antioxidant activity.

19.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 4111710, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35299888

RESUMO

Purpose: To examine the effects of fluid contamination on the reverse torque value (RTV) of abutment screws. 484 titanium fixtures were mounted into the stainless-steel holders. Methods: 11 groups (44 specimens in each group) of implants were mounted in acrylic resin. Ten groups of fixture screw holes were contaminated with chlorhexidine, saliva, blood, fluoride, or combination groups, and one group served as a control without contamination. To simulate the oral environment, samples were subjected to thermal cycling and cyclic loading. Results: The RTV means were less than the initial torque in both control and contamination groups. The maximum RTV mean was observed in the fluoride group (26.00 ± 1.02 Ncm). In other groups, this rate for control, blood, saliva, and chlorhexidine groups were 18.00 ± 1.78 Ncm, 22.12 ± 1.56 Ncm, 21.56 ± 1.43 Ncm, and 21.89 ± 1.02 Ncm, respectively. In combination groups, the maximum RTV mean was observed in the saliva+CHX group (23.89 ± 1.92 Ncm). In other combination groups, this rate for the blood+CHX, blood+saliva, saliva+fluoride, fluoride+CHX, and fluoride+blood groups were 22.56 ± 1.73 Ncm, 22.00 ± 1.54 Ncm, 20.11 ± 1.58 Ncm, 23.51 ± 1.19 Ncm, 21.02 ± 1.38 Ncm, and 20.11 ± 1.58 Ncm, respectively. The RTV was statistically significant (p < 0.05) for the contamination groups (except saliva) and combination groups compared to the control group. There is no statistically significant difference (p > 0.05) between the reverse torque value mean of the blood and saliva groups and between that of the fluoride and chlorhexidine groups. Conclusion: Implant-abutment specimens are suggested to be placed in a saliva environment and should be subjected to cyclic loading.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Projeto do Implante Dentário-Pivô , Contaminação de Equipamentos , Falha de Prótese , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Técnicas In Vitro , Titânio , Torque
20.
Biology (Basel) ; 11(3)2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35336818

RESUMO

JASMONATE ZIM-DOMAIN (JAZ) proteins are negative regulators of the jasmonate (JA)-signaling pathway and play pivotal roles in plant resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Genome-wide identification of JAZ genes has been performed in many plant species. However, systematic information about pineapple (Ananas comosus L. Merr.) JAZ genes (AcJAZs) is still not available. In this study, we identified 14 AcJAZ genes and classified them into five groups along with the Arabidopsis and rice orthologs. The AcJAZ genes have 3-10 exons, and the putative AcJAZ proteins have between two and eight conserved regions, including the TIFY motif and Jas domain. The cis-acting element analysis revealed that the putative promoter regions of AcJAZs contain between three and eight abiotic stress-responsive cis-acting elements. The gene-expression analysis suggested that AcJAZs were expressed differentially during plant development and subjected to regulation by the cold, heat, salt, and osmotic stresses as well as by phytohormones. Moreover, the BiFC analysis of protein interactions among the central JA-signaling regulators showed that AcJAZ4, AcMYC2, AcNINJA, and AcJAM1 could interact with AcJAZ5 and AcJAZ13 in vivo, indicating a canonical JA-signaling pathway in pineapple. These results increase our understanding of the functions of AcJAZs and the responses of the core players in the JA-signaling pathway to abiotic stresses.

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