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1.
J Sep Sci ; 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560415

RESUMO

Cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide-modified attapulgite was prepared and utilized as a novel sorbent in a simple solid-phase extraction method for the determination of vitamin A in blood serum. Several factors affecting extraction efficiency were systematically optimized, including the sampling solvent and its volume, as well as the elution solvent and its volume. Under the optimal solid-phase extraction conditions, the adsorption capacity of vitamin A was as high as 28 mg/g according to the Langmuir isotherm model. Based on the developed solid-phase extraction method, the level of vitamin A in 200 µL blood serum sample could be accurately determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. The recoveries of vitamin A spiked in 10% v/v methanol aqueous solutions were in the range of 86.9-92.8%, with the relative standard deviations not more than 8.1%. The method was applied to the determination of vitamin A in serum samples from 20 pregnant women. Compared with the previously reported solid-phase extraction methods for determination of vitamin A in serum, our developed cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide-modified attapulgite-based solid-phase extraction method used lower serum volume, omitted extra steps (i.e. evaporation and re-dissolution), and eliminated internal standard. The results were promising for it to be used in routine monitoring during pregnancy.

2.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 687, 2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472675

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg is a valuable medicinal herb, whose main bioactive constituents are flavonoids. Chilling sensitivity is the dominant environmental factor limiting growth and development of the plants. But the mechanisms of cold sensitivity in this plant are still unclear. Also, not enough information on genes involved in flavonoid biosynthesis in T. hemsleyanum is available to understand the mechanisms of its physiological and pharmaceutical effects. RESULTS: The electrolyte leakage, POD activity, soluble protein, and MDA content showed a linear sustained increase under cold stress. The critical period of cold damage in T. hemsleyanum was from 12 h to 48 h. Expression profiles revealed 18,104 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) among these critical time points. Most of the cold regulated DEGs were early-response genes. A total of 114 unigenes were assigned to the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway. Fourteen genes most likely to encode flavonoid biosynthetic enzymes were identified. Flavonols of T. hemsleyanum might play a crucial role in combating cold stress. Genes encoding PAL, 4CL, CHS, ANR, FLS, and LAR were significantly up-regulated by cold stress, which could result in a significant increase in crucial flavonols (catechin, epicatechin, rutin, and quercetin) in T. hemsleyanum. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our results show that the expression of genes related to flavonol biosynthesis as well as flavonol content increased in T. hemsleyanum under cold stress. These findings provide valuable information regarding the transcriptome changes in response to cold stress and give a clue for identifying candidate genes as promising targets that could be used for improving cold tolerance via molecular breeding. The study also provides candidate genes involved in flavonoid biosynthesis and may be useful for clarifying the biosynthetic pathway of flavonoids in T. hemsleyanum.

3.
Phytopathology ; 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433275

RESUMO

The co-existence of cereal cyst nematode (CCN) species Heterodera avenae and H. filipjevi together with multiple pathotypes is a limiting factor for wheat production in China. Some of the known genes for resistance to CCN are not effective against both nematode species, which complicates breeding efforts to develop CCN-resistant wheat cultivars. Here we demonstrate that the CCN resistance of wheat cultivar Madsen to both Heterodera species is controlled by different genetic loci, both of which originated from Aegilops ventricosa. A new QTL, QCre-ma7D, was identified and localized in a 3.77 Mb genomic region on chromosome 7DL, which confers resistance to H. filipjevi. QCre-ma2A on chromosome 2AS corresponds to CCN resistance gene Cre5 and confers resistance to H. avenae. Three KASP markers, BS00150072, BS00021745, and BS00154302, were developed for molecular marker-assisted selection of QCre-ma7D and locally adapted wheat lines with resistance to both nematode species were developed. The identification of different loci underlying resistance to H. avenae and H. filipjevi and the development of adapted resistant entries will facilitate development of wheat cultivars that are resistant to these devastating nematodes in China.

4.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(9)2019 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466418

RESUMO

Fusarium oxysporum is the most important pathogen of potatoes which causes post-harvest destructive losses and deteriorates the market value of potato tubers worldwide. Here, F. oxysporum was used as a host pathogen model system and it was revealed that autophagy plays a vital role as a regulator in the morphology, cellular growth, development, as well as the pathogenicity of F. oxysporum. Previous studies based upon identification of the gene responsible for encoding the autophagy pathway components from F. oxysporum have shown putative orthologs of 16 core autophagy related-ATG genes of yeast in the genome database which were autophagy-related and comprised of ubiquitin-like protein atg3. This study elucidates the molecular mechanism of the autophagy-related gene Foatg3 in F. oxysporum. A deletion (∆) mutants of F. oxysporum (Foatg3∆) was generated to evaluate nuclear dynamics. As compared to wild type and Foatg3 overexpression (OE) strains, Foatg3∆ strains failed to show positive MDC (monodansylcadaverine) staining which revealed that Foatg3 is compulsory for autophagy in F. oxysporum. A significant reduction in conidiation and hyphal growth was shown by the Foatg3∆ strains resulting in loss of virulence on potato tubers. The hyphae of Foatg3∆ mutants contained two or more nuclei within one hyphal compartment while wild type hyphae were composed of uninucleate hyphal compartments. Our findings reveal that the vital significance of Foatg3 as a key target in controlling the dry rot disease in root crops and potato tubers at the postharvest stage has immense potential of disease control and yield enhancement.

5.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(5)2019 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31086099

RESUMO

Autophagy is a universal catabolic process preserved in eukaryotes from yeast to plants and mammals. The main purpose of autophagy is to degrade cytoplasmic materials within the lysosome/vacuole lumen and generate an internal nutrient pool that is recycled back to the cytosol during nutrient stress. Here, Fusarium oxysporum was utilized as a model organism, and we found that autophagy assumes an imperative job in affecting the morphology, development, improvement and pathogenicity of F. oxysporum. The search of autophagy pathway components from the F. oxysporum genome database recognized putative orthologs of 16 core autophagy-related (ATG) genes of yeast, which additionally incorporate the ubiquitin-like protein atg22. Present study elucidates the unreported role of Foatg22 in formation of autophagosomes. The deletion mutant of Foatg22 did not demonstrate positive monodansylcadaverine (MDC) staining, which exposed that Foatg22 is required for autophagy in F. oxysporum. Moreover, the ∆Foatg22 strains exhibited a decrease in hyphal development and conidiation, and reduction in pathogenicity on potato tubers and leaves of potato plant. The hyphae of ∆Foatg22 mutants were less dense when contrasted with wild-type (WT) and overexpression (OE) mutants. Our perceptions demonstrated that Foatg22 might be a key regulator for the control of dry rot disease in tuber and root crops during postharvest stage.

6.
Qual Life Res ; 28(9): 2525-2533, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to determine a statistically valid cutoff score for the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) in order to identify family caregivers at risk for depression and anxiety to guide for further assessment and future intervention. METHODS: The ZBI, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ), and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD) were administered to a representative community sample of 327 family caregivers of schizophrenia individuals. A ZBI cutoff score was determined using three different statistical methods: tree-based modeling, K-means clustering technique and linear regression, followed by contingency analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to compare between depression and anxiety scale scores with the ZBI cutoff. RESULTS: Findings suggest that a cutoff score of 48 in ZBI has significant predictive validity for identifying caregivers at risk for both depression and anxiety. A ZBI cutoff of 48 showed sensitivity of 73% for PHQ and 70% for GAD, specificity of 80% for PHQ and 79% for GAD, PPV (positive predictive value) of 75% for PHQ and 73% for GAD, NPV (negative predictive value) of 78% for PHQ and 76% for GAD. CONCLUSIONS: This cutoff score would enable health care providers to assess family caregivers at risk and provide necessary interventions to improve their quality of life in this important role.

7.
Sleep Med ; 2019 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The current review is a systematic, quantitative meta-analysis aimed at examining the pooled prevalence of sleep disturbances in Chinese healthcare professionals. Furthermore, we explore the possible causes of the inconsistencies in the current estimates. METHODS: Systematic searches of databases were conducted for literature published on English (EMBASE, PubMed and Web of Science) and Chinese (Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan Fang database and Chinese Science & Technology journal database) databases until 25 May 2018. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS and R software, the prevalence of sleep disturbances was pooled using random-effects model. RESULTS: A total of 52 studies with 31,749 participants were included. The pooled prevalence of sleep disturbances among Chinese healthcare professionals is 39.2% (95% CI: 36.0%-42.7%). Higher sleep disturbance rates are associated with being female, lower cut-off of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), later survey year, bigger sample size, the standardized assessment tool, being a nurse, and shift work. Sample size and cut-off of PSQI were significant moderators for heterogeneity. CONCLUSION: Sleep disturbances are common in Chinese healthcare professionals, and their prevalence is much higher than the general population. Further research is needed to identify effective strategies for preventing and treating sleep disturbances among healthcare professionals.

8.
Theor Appl Genet ; 132(5): 1451-1461, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30719526

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: A high-resolution genetic linkage map was constructed using the comparative genomics analysis approach and the wheat reference genome, which placed wheat powdery mildew resistance gene Pm52 in a 0.21-cM genetic interval on chromosome arm 2BL. The gene Pm52 confers resistance to powdery mildew and has been previously mapped on chromosome arm 2BL in winter wheat cultivar Liangxing 99. Because of its effectiveness against the disease, this study was initiated to finely map Pm52 using the comparative genomics analysis approach and the wheat reference genomic sequence. Based on the EST sequences that were located in the chromosome region flanking Pm52, four EST-SSR markers were developed, and another nine SSR markers were developed using the comparative genomics technology. These thirteen markers were integrated into a genetic linkage map using an F2:3 subpopulation of the Liangxing 99 × Zhongzuo 9504 cross. Pm52 was mapped within a 3.2-cM genetic interval in the subpopulation that corresponded to a ~40-Mb genomic interval on chromosome arm 2BL of the Chinese Spring reference genome. The Pm52-flanking markers Xicsl163 and Xicsl62 identified 344 recombinant individuals from 8820 F2 plants. Nine SSR markers generated from the Chinese Spring genomic interval were incorporated into a high-resolution genetic linkage map, which placed Pm52 in a 0.21-cM genetic interval corresponding to 5.6-Mb genomic region. The constructed high-resolution genetic linkage map will facilitate the map-based cloning of Pm52 and its marker-assisted selection.


Assuntos
Resistência à Doença/genética , Genes de Plantas , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Triticum/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Clonagem Molecular , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Polimorfismo Genético , Triticum/microbiologia
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(3)2019 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30754626

RESUMO

The gene Pm61 that confers powdery mildew resistance has been previously identified on chromosome arm 4AL in Chinese wheat landrace Xuxusanyuehuang (XXSYH). To facilitate the use of Pm61 in breeding practices, the bulked segregant analysis-RNA-Seq (BSR-Seq) analysis, in combination with the information on the Chinese Spring reference genome sequence, was performed in the F2:3 mapping population of XXSYH × Zhongzuo 9504. Two single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), two Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR (KASP), and six simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, together with previously identified polymorphic markers, saturated the genetic linkage map for Pm61, especially in the proximal side of the target gene that was short of gene-linked markers. In the newly established genetic linkage map, Pm61 was located in a 0.71 cM genetic interval and can be detected in a high throughput scale by the KASP markers Xicsk8 and Xicsk13 or by the standard PCR-based markers Xicscx497 and Xicsx538. The newly saturated genetic linkage map will be useful in molecular marker assisted-selection of Pm61 in breeding for disease resistant cultivar and in its map-based cloning.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Cromossômico , Ligação Genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Repetições de Microssatélites , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Resistência à Doença/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes de Plantas , Marcadores Genéticos , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Triticum/genética , Triticum/microbiologia
10.
BMC Psychiatry ; 19(1): 23, 2019 01 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30642300

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most of patients with dementia are cared for by family members. Caring for people with dementia is challenging; approximately 30-55% of caregivers suffered from anxiety or depressive symptoms. A range of studies have shown that psychosocial interventions are effective and can improve caregivers' quality of life, reduce their care burden, and ease their anxiety or depressive symptoms. However, information on the acceptability of these interventions, despite being crucial, is under-reported. METHODS: Systematic searches of databases were conducted for literature published on EMBASE, PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and PsycARTICLES until August 2017 and the searches were updated on June 2018. The selection criteria included primary studies with data about the acceptability of psychosocial interventions for informal caregivers and publications written in English. Two authors independently selected studies, extracted study characteristics and data, assessed the methodological quality of the included studies by using the Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP) Quality Assessment Tool and Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) Qualitative Research Checklist, and conducted a narrative synthesis of quantitative and qualitative data. RESULTS: A total of 10,610 abstracts were identified through systematic searches. Based on screening titles and abstracts, 207 papers were identified that met the criteria for full paper review, with 42 papers from 13 different countries meeting the inclusion criteria. We found high- and moderate-quality evidence showing psychosocial interventions were acceptable, with important benefits for caregivers. Facilitators of acceptability included caregivers' need for intervention, appropriate content and organization of the intervention, and knowledge and professionalism of the staff. Barriers to acceptability included participants' poor health status and low education levels, caregiving burden, change of intervention implementers, and poor system performance of interventions. CONCLUSION: There is preliminary evidence to support the acceptability of psychosocial interventions for dementia caregivers. However, the available supporting evidence is limited, and there is currently no adequate information from these studies indicating that the acceptability has received enough attention from researchers. More well-designed studies assessing psychosocial interventions are needed to give specific statements about acceptability, and the measure of acceptability with psychosocial interventions should be more comprehensive.

12.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 131(22): 2658-2665, 2018 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30425192

RESUMO

Background: Treatment with the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP4i) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) in patients with type 2 diabetic nephropathy (DN) has not been well characterized. This study aimed to assess the renoprotection of this combined treatment in DN patients. Methods: A total of 159 type 2 DN patients from 2013 to 2015 were enrolled retrospectively from a prospective DN cohort at the National Clinical Research Center of Kidney Diseases, Jinling Hospital (China). Fifty-seven patients received DPP4i and ARB treatment, and 102 patients were treated with ARBs alone. All patients were followed up for at least 12 months. Statistical analyses were performed using Stata version 12.0. Results: There were no significant differences at baseline for age, sex, body mass index, duration of diabetes, fasting blood glucose (FBG), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) between the two groups. Antihypertensive and antidiabetic medication use was similar in each group except calcium channel antagonists (P = 0.032). No significant changes in FBG and HbA1c were observed in the two groups after treatment. The eGFR decreased slower in the DPP4i + ARB group than in the ARB group at 12 months (Δ12 months: -2.48 ± 13.86 vs. -6.81 ± 12.52 ml·min-1·1.73m-2, P = 0.044). In addition, proteinuria was decreased further in the DPP4i + ARB group than in the ARB group after 24 months of treatment (Δ24 months: -0.18 [-1.00, 0.17] vs. 0.32 [-0.35, 0.88], P = 0.031). There were 36 patients with an eGFR decrease of more than 30% over 24 months. After adjusting for FBG, HbA1c, and other risk factors, DPP4i + ARB treatment was still associated with a reduced incidence of an eGFR decrease of 20% or 30%. Conclusions: The combined treatment of DPP4i and ARBs is superior to ARBs alone, as evidenced by the greater proteinuria reduction and lower eGFR decline. In addition, the renoprotection of DPP4i combined with ARBs was independent of glycemic control.

13.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 13(1): 275, 2018 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30203173

RESUMO

Sodium-ion batteries have been widely used in energy storage owing to its high sodium content and low cost. This study proves that mesoporous silicon microspheres (MSMs) with the homogeneously distributed mesopores ranging from 1 to 10 nm can be used as anodes of NIBs. In situ magnesiothermic reduction of silicon oxide was carried out to synthesize the MSM samples. An anode in NIBs was tested, and it was observed that the MSMs sample which was calcined at 650 °C had a good rate performance of 160 mAh g-1 at 1000 mAg-1 and a high reversible capacity of 390 mAh g-1 at 100 mAg-1 after 100 cycles. Moreover, its long-term cycling performance was 0.08 mAh g-1 decay per cycle for 100 cycles, which was quite excellent. MSMs have high reversibility, good cycling performance, and excellent rate capability, which are related to its ultrafine particle size and mesoporous morphology.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(38): e12373, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30235699

RESUMO

Loneliness is prevalent and severe among adolescents, indicating the need for a reliable, valid, and concise instrument for detecting adolescent loneliness. This study aims to examine the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the short-form UCLA Loneliness Scale (ULS-8) among Chinese adolescents.Computer-assisted self-interviewing was used to complete the questionnaire among 3480 junior or senior high school students aged 10 to 19 years. Construct validity was assessed using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). To test the concurrent validity and convergent validity of the scale, a single loneliness item and variables such as depression, suicidal ideation, and quality of interpersonal relationships were used. For reliability, Cronbach alpha and test-retest correlation were computed.Construct validity and internal consistency showed that the ULS-6, which excluded 2 reverse-scored items from the ULS-8, had stronger psychometric properties than the ULS-8. The convergent validity and concurrent validity were also supported by the study results. The overall Cronbach α of the ULS-6 was 0.878 and the test-retest reliability coefficient was 0.663.The ULS-6 showed satisfactory reliability and validity in this study, suggesting that this instrument can be used in the measurement of loneliness among Chinese adolescents.


Assuntos
Solidão/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica/normas , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adolescente , China , Depressão/diagnóstico , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ideação Suicida
15.
Talanta ; 189: 397-403, 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30086938

RESUMO

In current study, an attapulgite nanoparticles-based hybrid monolith was prepared by crosslinking 3-trimethoxysilylpropyl methacrylate modified attapulgite nanoparticles with acrylamide and N, N'-methylenebisacrylamide. The crosslinking of attapulgite into the hybrid monolithic matrix has notable increased the column efficiency of adenosine comparing with the neat one without attapulgite. The resulting hybrid monoliths showed good permeability and good mechanical stability. It was further applied for separation of polar compounds by hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC). The key factors affecting the separation efficiency of the developed hybrid monoliths (i.e. acetonitrile content, salt concentration and pH in the mobile phase) have been completely investigated. The column efficiency was up to 147,613 plates/m for the HILIC separation of aspirin. Good repeatability of retention time was achieved, with relative standard deviations for run-to-run (n = 3), column-to-column (n = 3) and batch-to-batch (n = 3) in the range of 1.08-1.45%, 2.44-3.41% and 2.15-4.96%, respectively. We propose that the attapulgite nanoparticles-based hybrid monolith would provide a promising stationary phase for hydrophilic interaction chromatography.

16.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 410(25): 6643-6651, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30076461

RESUMO

A polyethyleneimine (PEI)-modified attapulgite was employed as a new adsorbent for solid-phase extraction (SPE) of chlorophenols (CPs) from environmental water samples. Key factors pivotal to extraction efficiency, such as organic additive, pH, salt, sample loading volume, elution volume, and sample loading flow rate, were investigated. The maximum adsorption capacity of CPs reached 38 mg/g, and the adsorption behavior could be described with the Langmuir isotherm model. The developed SPE procedure was then tested on river water samples. Of this cartridge, 0.4 g could be used to treat up to 100 mL of the water sample, with high recoveries achieved. The limit of detection (S/N = 3) and the limit of quantification (S/N = 10) were in range of 0.08-0.56 and 0.27-1.88 ng/mL, respectively. The mean recoveries of CPs spiked in river water samples ranged from 84.4 to 96.8% with relative standard deviations for the intra-day and inter-day less than 6.30%. The developed SPE method exhibited high sensitivity, high selectivity, excellent accuracy, and good repeatability to the analysis of trace CPs in complicated aqueous matrices. Graphical abstract Graphical abstract contains poor quality and small text inside the artwork. Please do not re-use the file that we have rejected or attempt to increase its resolution and re-save. It is originally poor, therefore, increasing the resolution will not solve the quality problem. We suggest that you provide us the original format. We prefer replacement figures containing vector/editable objects rather than embedded images. Preferred file formats are eps, ai, tiff and pdf.The separated figures were attached, which named Graphical abstract. ᅟ.

17.
J Transl Med ; 16(1): 189, 2018 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29976209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: γδ T cells are associated with the pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerotic heart disease, but the relationship between the development of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and γδ T cells is not clear. So we attempt to investigate the expression pattern and clonality of T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire of γδ T cells in AMI patients, analyze the expression levels of regulatory genes Foxp3 and IL-17A, and characterize the correlation between γδ T cells and the pathogenesis of AMI. METHODS: 25 patients diagnosed with ST-segment-elevation AMI were enrolled and 14 healthy individuals were recruited as the controls. RT-PCR and GeneScan were used to analyze the complementarity-determining region 3 sizes of TCR γδ repertoire genes in sorted γδ T cells from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). RQ-PCR was used to detect the gene expression levels of Foxp3, IL-17A and TCR Vγ subfamilies in sorted γδ T cells. All the patients were followed up for recordings of clinical endpoints. RESULTS: The mRNA gene expression levels of TCR Vγ1, Vγ2, and Vγ3 subfamilies in AMI patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls. The expression pattern was Vγ1 > Vγ2 > Vγ3 in AMI patients, while Vγ1 > Vγ3 > Vγ2 in healthy controls. The significantly restricted expression of TCR Vδ subfamilies were also found in AMI patients. The expression frequencies of TCR Vδ7 and TCR Vδ6 in AMI patients were significantly lower than those in healthy controls. The high clonal expansion frequencies of the TCR Vδ8, Vδ4 and Vδ3 were determined in AMI patients. High expression of Foxp3 gene was found in AMI PBMCs, while high expression of IL-17A was found in AMI γδ+ cells. CONCLUSIONS: Restrictive expression of TCR γδ repertoire and alteration expression of IL-17A gene are the important characteristics of γδ T cells in AMI patients, which might be related to the immune response and clinical outcome. γδ T cells might play a key role in the pathological progress of AMI and associated with the IL-17A mediated pathway.

18.
Theor Appl Genet ; 131(10): 2085-2097, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29967989

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: A single recessive powdery mildew resistance gene Pm61 from wheat landrace Xuxusanyuehuang was mapped within a 0.46-cM genetic interval spanning a 1.3-Mb interval of the genomic region of chromosome arm 4AL. Epidemics of powdery mildew incited by the biotrophic fungus Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt) have caused significant yield reductions in many wheat (Triticum aestivum)-producing regions. Identification of powdery mildew resistance genes is required for sustainable improvement of wheat for disease resistance. Chinese wheat landrace Xuxusanyuehuang was resistant to several Bgt isolates at the seedling stage. Genetic analysis based on the inoculation of Bgt isolate E09 on the F1, F2, and F2:3 populations produced by crossing Xuxusanyuehuang to susceptible cultivar Mingxian 169 revealed that the resistance of Xuxusanyuehuang was controlled by a single recessive gene. Bulked segregant analysis and simple sequence repeat (SSR) mapping placed the gene on chromosome bin 4AL-4-0.80-1.00. Comparative genomics analysis was performed to detect the collinear genomic regions of Brachypodium distachyon, rice, sorghum, Aegilops tauschii, T. urartu, and T. turgidum ssp. dicoccoides. Based on the use of 454 contig sequences and the International Wheat Genome Sequence Consortium survey sequence of Chinese Spring wheat, four EST-SSR and seven SSR markers were linked to the gene. An F5 recombinant inbred line population derived from Xuxusanyuehuang × Mingxian 169 cross was used to develop the genetic linkage map. The gene was localized in a 0.46-cM genetic interval between Xgwm160 and Xicsx79 corresponding to 1.3-Mb interval of the genomic region in wheat genome. This is a new locus for powdery mildew resistance on chromosome arm 4AL and is designated Pm61.


Assuntos
Resistência à Doença/genética , Genes de Plantas , Genes Recessivos , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Triticum/genética , Ascomicetos , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , DNA de Plantas/genética , Etiquetas de Sequências Expressas , Ligação Genética , Marcadores Genéticos , Repetições de Microssatélites , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Triticum/microbiologia
19.
J Neurochem ; 146(5): 598-612, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29858554

RESUMO

Anxiety disorders are associated with a high social burden worldwide. Recently, increasing evidence suggests that nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) has significant implications for psychiatric diseases, including anxiety and depressive disorders. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of NF-κB in stress-induced anxiety behaviors are poorly understood. In this study, we show that chronic mild stress (CMS) and glucocorticoids dramatically increased the expression of NF-κB subunits p50 and p65, phosphorylation and acetylation of p65, and the level of nuclear p65 in vivo and in vitro, implicating activation of NF-κB signaling in chronic stress-induced pathological processes. Using the novelty-suppressed feeding (NSF) and elevated-plus maze (EPM) tests, we found that treatment with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC; intra-hippocampal infusion), an inhibitor of NF-κB, rescued the CMS- or glucocorticoid-induced anxiogenic behaviors in mice. Microinjection of PDTC into the hippocampus reversed CMS-induced up-regulation of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), carboxy-terminal PDZ ligand of nNOS (CAPON), and dexamethasone-induced ras protein 1 (Dexras1) and dendritic spine loss of dentate gyrus (DG) granule cells. Moreover, over-expression of CAPON by infusing LV-CAPON-L-GFP into the hippocampus induced nNOS-Dexras1 interaction and anxiety-like behaviors, and inhibition of NF-κB by PDTC reduced the LV-CAPON-L-GFP-induced increases in nNOS-Dexras1 complex and anxiogenic-like effects in mice. These findings indicate that hippocampal NF-κB mediates anxiogenic behaviors, probably via regulating the association of nNOS-CAPON-Dexras1, and uncover a novel approach to the treatment of anxiety disorders.

20.
Lancet Haematol ; 5(6): e261-e269, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29752199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The combination of rituximab, gemcitabine, and oxaliplatin (R-GemOx) has shown high efficacy with a low toxicity profile in elderly patients with relapsed and refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and feasibility of the R-GemOx regimen as a first-line treatment in elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. METHODS: In this single-arm, open-label, phase 2 clinical trial, we enrolled patients with previously untreated, histologically confirmed, CD20-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, aged 70 years or older, or aged 60-69 years with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 2 or greater. Patients were recruited from Jiangsu Province Hospital (Jiangsu Sheng, China). The R-GemOx regimen was administered intravenously: rituximab 375 mg/m2 on day 0; gemcitabine 1 g/m2 on day 1; and oxaliplatin 100 mg/m2 on day 1. The cycle was repeated every 14 days. Six cycles were planned if the patient achieved at least partial remission after the interim assessment. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who achieved an overall response at the end of treatment (defined as complete response plus partial response). Analyses were done by intention to treat. The trial is ongoing but no longer recruiting patients. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01670370. FINDINGS: Between Aug 22, 2012, and Dec 31, 2015, 60 patients were enrolled and included in the study. The median age of the patients was 75 years (IQR 70-80) and 27 (45%) patients had a poor performance status with an ECOG score of 2 or greater. 45 (75%) patients achieved an overall response at the end of the treatment, with 28 (47%) achieving a complete response. Common grade 3-4 adverse events were haematological toxicities (thrombocytopenia in five [8%] patients, anaemia in four [7%], and neutropenia in nine [15%]) and gastrointestinal complications (nausea in five [8%] patients, vomiting in three [5%], and diarrhoea in one [2%]). No treatment-related deaths were reported. INTERPRETATIONS: The R-GemOx regimen shows high efficacy and safety as a front-line treatment in an elderly patient subpopulation and might be a therapeutic option for management of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in elderly patients. FUNDING: National Natural Science Foundation of China, Jiangsu Province's Medical Elite Programme, Project of National Key Clinical Specialty, National Science & Technology Pillar Program, Jiangsu Provincial Special Program of Medical, and National Science and Technology Major Project.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD20 , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organoplatínicos/uso terapêutico , Oxaliplatina , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
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