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1.
Global Spine J ; : 2192568221989291, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611986

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the safety and validity of posterior vertebral column resection (pVCR) for severe thoracolumbar kyphosis (TLK) in the achondroplasia (ACH) patients. METHODS: Seven ACH patients (male: female = 6:1) who underwent pVCR procedures due to severe TLK from December 2008 to December 2017 in the authors' hospital were included in this retrospective study. Their mean follow-up duration was 67 ± 35 months. Their clinical characteristics, radiologic characteristics, surgical characteristics and surgical complications were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 8 vertebrae were removed with an average of 5 ± 2 levels of decompression and 9 ± 2 segments instrumented. The mean correction rates of TLKs and the main curves were 73 ± 15% and 87 ± 6%, respectively. Five patients (71%) had preoperative neurological symptoms with a mean Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score of 8 ± 3 points. Their neurological functions were all improved, with a recovery rate of 78 ± 32% for the JOA score at the last follow-up. Four patients (57%) suffered from surgical complications, including rod breakages (43%), neurological complications (28%), dural tears (14%), cerebrospinal fluid leaks (14%) and proximal junction kyphosis (14%). CONCLUSIONS: pVCR can offer a good correction for TLK and improve neurological function with extensive laminectomies in ACH patients. But the morbidity of surgical complications is relatively high. Therefore, it is a reserved surgical option for severe TLK in ACH patients by experienced spinal surgeons, especially with apical markedly hypoplastic vertebrae.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496534

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis (2015-2019) of data collected from patients who underwent posterior lumbar spinal surgery. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify the incidence, perioperative hematological characteristics, potential prognostic indicators, and risk factors of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in the lower limbs after posterior lumbar spinal surgery. Eliminating risk factors or taking measures against patients at risk may reduce the incidence of DVT. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Deep venous thromboses have been extensively studied in other reconstructive surgeries. Present literatures provide limited evidence for determining the prognostic and risk factors for this complication after spinal surgery. METHODS: Patients who underwent posterior lumbar spinal surgery with internal fixation in the Spine Surgery Center of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) were evaluated. The patient demographics, the number of operative segments, the hematological and biochemical parameters on baseline and postoperative day one, and the presence of DVTs were obtained from all patients. The diagnosis of DVT was established by venous ultrasound when symptomatic. A multivariate logistic regression test was subsequently performed to determine the prognostic indicators and risk factors for DVT. RESULTS: A total of 2,053 patients who received lumbar spine procedures were qualified and included. Patients were followed up for 12 weeks. Early symptomatic DVT occurred in 58 individuals (2.39%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.4-0.7%). Advanced age, higher preoperative serum D-dimer level, and lower serum potassium level were recognised as independent risk factors for symptomatic DVT. CONCLUSION: Multiple independent risk factors were identified for early symptomatic DVT after posterior lumbar spine surgery. Postoperative prophylactic anti-coagulation treatment might be warranted for patients with high D-dimer or low potassium levels before the procedure.Level of Evidence: 4.

3.
Am J Hum Genet ; 108(2): 337-345, 2021 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434492

RESUMO

Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (MRKHS) is associated with congenital absence of the uterus, cervix, and the upper part of the vagina; it is a sex-limited trait. Disrupted development of the Müllerian ducts (MD)/Wölffian ducts (WD) through multifactorial mechanisms has been proposed to underlie MRKHS. In this study, exome sequencing (ES) was performed on a Chinese discovery cohort (442 affected subjects and 941 female control subjects) and a replication MRKHS cohort (150 affected subjects of mixed ethnicity from North America, South America, and Europe). Phenotypic follow-up of the female reproductive system was performed on an additional cohort of PAX8-associated congenital hypothyroidism (CH) (n = 5, Chinese). By analyzing 19 candidate genes essential for MD/WD development, we identified 12 likely gene-disrupting (LGD) variants in 7 genes: PAX8 (n = 4), BMP4 (n = 2), BMP7 (n = 2), TBX6 (n = 1), HOXA10 (n = 1), EMX2 (n = 1), and WNT9B (n = 1), while LGD variants in these genes were not detected in control samples (p = 1.27E-06). Interestingly, a sex-limited penetrance with paternal inheritance was observed in multiple families. One additional PAX8 LGD variant from the replication cohort and two missense variants from both cohorts were revealed to cause loss-of-function of the protein. From the PAX8-associated CH cohort, we identified one individual presenting a syndromic condition characterized by CH and MRKHS (CH-MRKHS). Our study demonstrates the comprehensive utilization of knowledge from developmental biology toward elucidating genetic perturbations, i.e., rare pathogenic alleles involving the same loci, contributing to human birth defects.


Assuntos
Transtornos 46, XX do Desenvolvimento Sexual/genética , Anormalidades Congênitas/genética , Ductos Paramesonéfricos/anormalidades , Ductos Paramesonéfricos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Mutação , Ductos Mesonéfricos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Adulto , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4/genética , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 7/genética , Códon sem Sentido , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Pleiotropia Genética , Proteínas Homeobox A10/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Humanos , Fator de Transcrição PAX8/genética , Herança Paterna , Penetrância , Proteínas com Domínio T/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas Wnt/genética , Ductos Mesonéfricos/anormalidades
4.
Orthop Surg ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184974

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the surgical treatment and prognosis of 27 cases of neurofibromatosis type 1 with severe dystrophic kyphosis. METHODS: We performed surgical treatment for scoliosis and kyphosis caused by dystrophic curves at Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China from December 2015 to December 2017. The study included 21 patients with moderate to severe kyphosis, 12 males and 9 females, with an average age of 14.95 ± 6.05 years. All patients had kyphosis angles greater than 70° and had more than four skeletal developmental defects. A total of 6 patients with severe kyphosis, 2 males and 4 females, with an average age of 12.5 years, had more than five skeletal developmental defects with a kyphosis angle greater than 90° or a lumbar kyphosis angle greater than 40°. According to the patient's own situation, we adopted a low-grade surgery scheme (grades 1 or 2) or a high-grade surgery scheme (grades 3-6). The low-grade surgery was mainly lower articular surface resection or pontodestomy, and the high-grade surgery was mainly apical vertebral body or upper discectomy. All patients were followed up to determine their prognosis. RESULTS: Statistical analysis showed that there was a significant difference in preoperative and postoperative scores between the two groups (P < 0.05), and scoliosis correction showed that surgical treatment had a significant effect on scoliosis kyphosis. The mean follow-up time was 66.7 months. Follow-up results showed that 50% of complications after internal fixation were related to high-level surgery. Complications included displacement of the titanium cage, removal of the lamina hook, formation of pseudoarthrosis, and internal fixation failure (with a rate of 7.7%-14.3%). In contrast, there were no associated symptoms for low-grade surgery. In addition, the results showed that gender, age, extent of resection, height, and body mass index had no significant effect on preoperative, postoperative, and prognostic indicators of patients (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Early identification of dysplastic scoliosis-related deformities plays an important role in surgical planning and prognosis, and low-level surgical procedures are more favorable for patients' prognosis.

5.
J Orthop Traumatol ; 21(1): 19, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that routine postoperative laboratory tests are not necessary after primary elective total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study aims to evaluate the utility of routine postoperative laboratory tests in patients undergoing THA for hip fracture in a semi-urgent clinical setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 213 consecutive patients who underwent primary unilateral THA for hip fractures. Patient demographics, clinical information, and laboratory tests were obtained from the electronic medical record system. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors associated with abnormal laboratory test-related interventions. RESULTS: A total of 207 patients (97.18%) had abnormal postoperative laboratory results, which were mainly due to anemia (190/213, 89.20%) and hypoalbuminemia (154/213, 72.30%). Overall, 54 patients (25.35%) underwent a clinical intervention, 18 patients received blood transfusion, and 42 patients received albumin supplementation. Factors associated with blood transfusion were long operative time and low preoperative hemoglobin levels. Factors associated with albumin supplementation were long operative time and low preoperative albumin levels. Of the 33 patients with abnormal postoperative creatinine levels, 7 patients underwent a clinical intervention. For electrolyte abnormalities, sodium supplementation was not given for hyponatremia, three patients received potassium supplementation, and one patient received calcium supplementation. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated a high incidence of abnormal postoperative laboratory tests and a significant clinical intervention rate in patients who underwent THA for hip fracture in a semi-urgent clinical setting, which indicates that routine laboratory tests after THA for hip fracture are still necessary for patients with certain risk factors. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III. Trial registration Clinical trial registry number ChiCTR1900020690.

6.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 15(1): 288, 2020 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Isolated macrodactyly is a severe congenital hand anomaly with functional and physiological impact. Known causative genes include PIK3CA, AKT1 and PTEN. The aim of this study is to gain insights into the genetics basis of isolated macrodactyly. RESULTS: We enrolled 24 patients with isolated macrodactyly. Four of them were diagnosed with Proteus syndrome based on skin presentations characteristic to this disease. Targeted next-generation sequencing was performed using patients' blood and affected tissues. Overall, 20 patients carry mosaic PIK3CA pathogenic variants, i.e. p.His1047Arg (N = 7), p.Glu542Lys (N = 6), p.Glu545Lys (N = 2), p.His1047Leu (N = 2), p.Glu453Lys (N = 1), p.Gln546Lys (N = 1) and p.His1047Tyr (N = 1). Four patients who met the diagnostic criteria of Proteus syndrome carry mosaic AKT1 p.Glu17Lys variant. Variant allele frequencies of these mosaic variants obtained through next-generation sequencing range from 10 to 33%. In genotype-phenotype correlation analysis of patients with PIK3CA variant, we found that patients with the macrodactyly of the lower limbs tend to carry PIK3CA variants located in the helical domain (P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Mosaic PIK3CA and AKT1 variants can be found in all of our samples with isolated macrodactyly. Insights into phenotypic and genetic spectrum of isolated macrodactyly may be helpful in perusing a more precise and effective management of isolated macrodactyly.

7.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e037888, 2020 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067283

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is one of the most common injuries of the knee. ACL reconstruction (ACLR) has been widely performed as a safe and effective treatment for ACL injuries. As there is an increasing trend in the incidence of ACL injury, hospital readmission after ACLR has attracted renewed attention for the financial burden to both patients and the healthcare system. However, information about hospital readmission after ACLR remains fragmented. Therefore, we plan to systematically review the literature to investigate the rate of, causes and risk factors for hospital readmission after ACLR, and summarise interventions to reduce hospital readmission. This article is to provide the protocol for an upcoming systematic review and meta-analysis on this important issue. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Reporting of this protocol follows the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) checklist. Electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library, will be systematically searched from inception to June 2020. No language restrictions will be applied. Studies will be included if they reported hospital readmission or explored the associated potential causes and risk factors for hospital readmission after ACLR. The primary outcome will be the number and time frame of hospital readmission after ACLR. Secondary outcomes will be reasons for readmission, number and types of complications, risk factors for readmission and preventive measures for readmission after ACLR. Quality assessments will be performed by using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). If possible, study results will be summarised in a forest plot, and heterogeneity will be tested by using the Cochran's Q and I2 statistics. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: No ethical approval is required because our study is not related to patients or animals. The results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020058624.

9.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 7979-7993, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116513

RESUMO

Background: Both magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and exosomes derived from bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC-Exos) have been reported to improve wound healing. In this study, novel exosomes (mag-BMSC-Exos) would be fabricated from BMSCs with the stimulation of MNPs and a static magnetic field (SMF) to further enhance wound repair. Methods: Mag-BMSC-Exos, namely, exosomes derived from BMSCs preconditioned with Fe3O4 nanoparticles and a SMF, together with BMSC-Exos were both first isolated by ultracentrifugation, respectively. Afterwards, we conducted in vitro experiments, including scratch wound assays, transwell assays, and tube formation assays, and established an in vivo wound healing model. The miRNA expression profiles were compared between BMSC-Exos and mag-BMSC-Exos to detect the potential mechanism of improving wound healing. At last, the function of exosomal miR-21-5p during wound healing was confirmed by utilizing a series of gain- and loss-of-function experiments in vitro. Results: The optimal working magnetic condition was 50 µg/mL Fe3O4 nanoparticles combined with 100 mT SMF. In vitro, mag-BMSC-Exo administration promoted proliferation, migration and angiogenesis to a greater extent than BMSC-Exo administration. Local transplantation of mag-BMSC-Exos into rat skin wounds resulted in accelerated wound closure, narrower scar widths and enhanced angiogenesis compared with BMSC-Exo transplantation. Notably, miR-21-5p was found to be highly enriched in mag-BMSC-Exos and served as a critical mediator in mag-BMSC-Exo-induced regulatory effects through inhibition of SPRY2 and activation of the PI3K/AKT and ERK1/2 signaling pathways. Conclusion: Mag-BMSC-Exos can further enhance wound healing than BMSC-Exos by improving angiogenesis and fibroblast function, and miR-21-5p upregulation in mag-BMSC-Exos might be the potential mechanism. This work offers an effective and promising protocol to improve wound healing in clinic.


Assuntos
Exossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Exossomos/metabolismo , Campos Magnéticos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Regulação para Cima , Cicatrização , Animais , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Ratos
10.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 15(1): 250, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously reported a novel clinically distinguishable subtype of congenital scoliosis (CS), namely, TBX6-associated congenital scoliosis (TACS). We further developed the TBX6-associated CS risk score (TACScore), a multivariate phenotype-based model to predict TACS according to the patient's clinical manifestations. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether using the TACScore as a screening method prior to performing whole-exome sequencing (WES) is more cost-effective than using WES as the first-line genetic test for CS. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the molecular data of 416 CS patients in the Deciphering disorders Involving Scoliosis and COmorbidities (DISCO) study. A decision tree was constructed to estimate the cost and the diagnostic time required for the two alternative strategies (TACScore versus WES). Bootstrapping simulations and sensitivity analyses were performed to examine the distributions and robustness of the estimates. The economic evaluation considered both the health care payer and the personal budget perspectives. RESULTS: From the health care payer perspective, the strategy of using the TACScore as the primary screening method resulted in an average cost of $1074.2 (95%CI: $1044.8 to $1103.5) and an average diagnostic duration of 38.7d (95%CI: 37.8d to 39.6d) to obtain a molecular diagnosis for each patient. In contrast, the corresponding values were $1169.6 (95%CI: $1166.9 to $1172.2) and 41.4d (95%CI: 41.1d to 41.7d) taking WES as the first-line test (P < 0.001). From the personal budget perspective, patients who were predicted to be positive by the TACScore received a result with an average cost of $715.1 (95%CI: $594.5 to $835.7) and an average diagnostic duration of 30.4d (95%CI: 26.3d to 34.6d). Comparatively, the strategy of WES as the first-line test was estimated to have significantly longer diagnostic time with an average of 44.0d (95%CI: 43.2d to 44.9d), and more expensive with an average of $1193.4 (95%CI: $1185.5 to $1201.3) (P < 0.001). In 100% of the bootstrapping simulations, the TACScore strategy was significantly less costly and more time-saving than WES. The sensitivity analyses revealed that the TACScore strategy remained cost-effective even when the cost per WES decreased to $8.8. CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study provides clinicians with economic evidence to integrate the TACScore into clinical practice. The TACScore can be considered a cost-effective tool when it serves as a screening test prior to performing WES.

11.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 455, 2020 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinal deformities constitute one of the most common types of manifestations of neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF-1), which can lead to either dystrophic or non-dystrophic early-onset scoliosis (EOS). Surgical treatment for EOS with NF-1 is challenging, and the outcomes have rarely been reported. The anterior-posterior procedure is widely used, but posterior-only fusion is theoretically easier and safer to perform. Is it possible that a new surgery that accommodates growth is a better choice? A direct comparison between posterior fusion and growth-friendly surgery in terms of surgical outcomes has not yet been conducted in dystrophic EOS with NF-1 patients. METHODS: Baseline information was extracted from the NF-1 database at our institute with approval from the local ethics committee. All enrolled patients were diagnosed with NF-1. Clinical and radiographic data were recorded preoperatively, after the initial surgery, and at the final follow-up. Implant-related, alignment, neurological complication and unplanned revision surgery data were recorded. We compared the outcomes of these two groups in terms of curve correction, growth parameters, complications and unplanned revision surgeries. RESULTS: There were eight patients in the PF group and eight patients in the GR group, with a mean follow-up of 51.0 ± 17.5 months. The main curve size was similar (PF 67.38° ± 17.43° versus GR 75.1° ± 26.43°, P = 0.501), and there were no significant differences in the initial surgery correction rate or the rate of correction. However, the patients in the GR group exhibited more T1-S1 growth during the follow-up overall and per year than did those in the PF group. The operative time was significantly longer for the PF group than for the GR group (PF, 4.39 ± 1.38 vs. GR, 3.00 ± 0.42 h; p = 0.008). Significantly fewer segments were involved in the PF group (8.25 ± 3.20) than in the GR group (13.00 ± 1.60). CONCLUSION: For the initial treatment of dystrophic EOS in patients with NF-1, the GR technique is possibly a more appropriate treatment than is the PF technique in terms of trunk growth. However, the repeated procedures required for GR may be a considerable disadvantage. More studies with direct measurement of pulmonary function must be conducted to determine the effect of GR on pulmonary development. More studies with larger sample sizes and longer follow-up periods are needed to fully assess the treatment strategies.

13.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 9(14): e2000318, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32548975

RESUMO

3D-printed porous titanium-aluminum-vanadium (Ti6Al4V, pTi) scaffolds offer surgeons a good option for the reconstruction of large bone defects, especially at the load-bearing sites. However, poor osteogenesis limits its application in clinic. In this study, a new magnetic coating is successfully fabricated by codepositing of Fe3 O4 nanoparticles and polydopamine (PDA) on the surface of 3D-printed pTi scaffolds, which enhances cell attachment, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs in vitro and new bone formation of rabbit femoral bone defects in vivo with/without a static magnetic field (SMF). Furthermore, through proteomic analysis, the enhanced osteogenic effect of the magnetic Fe3 O4 /PDA coating with the SMF is found to be related to upregulate the TGFß-Smads signaling pathway. Therefore, this work provides a simple protocol to improve the osteogenesis of 3D-printed porous pTi scaffolds, which will help their application in clinic.

14.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(6): 307, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32355751

RESUMO

Background: The application of tranexamic acid (TXA) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has brought momentous changes in blood management. However, the optimal regimen of TXA has not yet been identified. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of a three-day prolonged-course of multiple-dose of TXA with a single pre-operative dose of TXA in patients who undergo THA and TKA. Method: We retrospectively analyzed two groups of consecutive patients who received primary unilateral THA and TKA from 2015 to 2017. One group received a three-day prolonged-course of multiple-dose of TXA, while another group received a single-dose of TXA. The primary outcomes included the changes in hemoglobin (Hb), estimated total blood loss (TBL), and transfusion rate; the secondary outcomes included the platelet (PLT) counts, inflammatory markers, and fibrinolysis parameters. Results: A total of 193 THA and 166 TKA procedures were included for comparison. Compared with the patients who received a single-dose of TXA, the patients who received a three-day prolonged-course of multiple-dose of TXA had smaller post-operative drops in Hb levels, which led to consistently significantly higher Hb levels in both THA and TKA. Therefore, the use of multiple-dose of TXA was associated with significantly lower maximum Hb drops and estimated TBL in both THA (24.58±11.43 vs. 30.38±11.33 g/L, P=0.001; 685.88±412.02 vs. 968.94±479.9 mL, P<0.0001) and TKA (18.04±9.75 vs. 27.24±10.99 g/L, P<0.0001; 497.35±291.03 vs. 816.51±354.38 mL, P<0.0001), and marginally reduced transfusion requirements (THA: 1/65 vs. 10/128; TKA: 0/70 vs. 2/96). The multiple-dose group also showed higher PLT counts, continuously reduced inflammatory responses, and significantly and durably attenuated fibrinolytic responses. Conclusions: A three-day prolonged-course of multiple-dose of TXA was consistently effective in reducing post-operative Hb drops, estimated TBL, inflammatory responses, and fibrinolytic responses, which could be recommended for clinical practice. However, these findings need to be confirmed by prospective studies.

15.
Am J Med Genet A ; 182(7): 1664-1672, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369272

RESUMO

Vertebral malformations (VMs) are caused by alterations in somitogenesis and may occur in association with other congenital anomalies. The genetic etiology of most VMs remains unknown and their identification may facilitate the development of novel therapeutic and prevention strategies. Exome sequencing was performed on both the discovery cohort of nine unrelated probands from the USA with VMs and the replication cohort from China (Deciphering Disorders Involving Scoliosis & COmorbidities study). The discovery cohort was analyzed using the PhenoDB analysis tool. Heterozygous and homozygous, rare and functional variants were selected and evaluated for their ClinVar, HGMD, OMIM, GWAS, mouse model phenotypes, and other annotations to identify the best candidates. Genes with candidate variants in three or more probands were selected. The replication cohort was analyzed by another in-house developed pipeline. We identified rare heterozygous variants in KIAA1217 in four out of nine probands in the discovery cohort and in five out of 35 probands in the replication cohort. Collectively, we identified 11 KIAA1217 rare variants in 10 probands, three of which have not been described in gnomAD and one of which is a nonsense variant. We propose that genetic variations of KIAA1217 may contribute to the etiology of VMs.

16.
BMC Med Genet ; 21(1): 115, 2020 05 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32460719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is a skeletal disorder characterized by delayed and irregular ossification of the epiphyses and early-onset osteoarthritis. At least 66% of the reported autosomal dominant MED (AD-MED) cases are caused by COMP mutations. METHODS: We recruited a four-generation Chinese family with early-onset hip osteoarthritis, flatfoot, brachydactyly, and mild short stature. An assessment of the family history, detailed physical examinations, and radiographic evaluations were performed on the proband and other family members, followed by the performance of whole-exome sequencing (WES). The pathogenicity of the candidate mutation was also analyzed. RESULTS: An AD-MED family with 10 affected members and 17 unaffected members was recruited. The main radiographic findings were symmetrical changes in the dysplastic acetabulum and femoral heads, irregular contours of the epiphyses, a shortened femoral neck, and flatfoot. Lower bone density was also observed in the ankle joints, wrist joints, and knees, as well as irregular vertebral end plates. In the proband, we identified the missense mutation c.1153G > T (p. Asp385Tyr), located in exon 11 of the COMP gene. This mutation was assessed as 'pathogenic' because of its low allele frequency and its high likelihood of co-segregation with disease in the reported family. Sanger sequencing validated the novel heterozygous mutation c.1153G > T (p. Asp385Tyr) in exon 11 of COMP in all affected individuals in the family. CONCLUSIONS: Our results underlined a key role of the Asp385 amino acid in the protein function of COMP and confirmed the pathogenicity of the COMP (c.1153G > T; p. Asp385Tyr) mutation in AD-MED disease. We have therefore expanded the known mutational spectrum of COMP and revealed new phenotypic information for AD-MED.


Assuntos
Proteína de Matriz Oligomérica de Cartilagem/genética , Família , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação , Osteocondrodisplasias/diagnóstico , Osteocondrodisplasias/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Proteína de Matriz Oligomérica de Cartilagem/química , Criança , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Moleculares , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Conformação Proteica , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma , Adulto Jovem
17.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 8(7): e1261, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No formal diagnostic criteria for progressive pseudo-rheumatoid dysplasia (PPD) are available because of insufficient clinical data, which results in that PPD is often misdiagnosed with other diseases. Whole exome sequencing (WES) and Sanger sequencing were employed to reveal the novel mutations on CCN6 of five patients with PPD from China in order to increase the clinical data of PPD. METHODS: Four suspected PPD pedigrees containing five patients in total were collected from 1998 to 2018 in our medical center. The phenotypes of each suspected PPD case were recorded in detail, and peripheral blood samples were collected for subsequent sequencing. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples, and Agilent liquid phase chip capture system was utilized for efficient enrichment of whole exome region DNA. After acquiring raw sequenced reads of whole exome region, bioinformatics analysis was completed in conjunction with reference or genome sequence (GRCh37/hg19). Sanger sequencing was performed to identify the results of WES. RESULTS: In total, four novel PPD-related mutation sites in CCN6 gene were identified including (CCN6):c.643 + 2T>C, (CCN6):c.1064_1065dupGT(p.Gln356ValfsTer33), (CCN6):c.1064G > A), and exon4:c.670dupA:p.W223fs. CONCLUSION: Our findings increase the clinical data of PPD including the CCN6 mutation spectrum, the clinical symptoms and signs. Moreover, the study highlights the utility of WES in reaching definitive diagnoses for PPD.

18.
Kidney Int ; 98(4): 1020-1030, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450157

RESUMO

Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUTs) are the most common cause of chronic kidney disease in children. Human 16p11.2 deletions have been associated with CAKUT, but the responsible molecular mechanism remains to be illuminated. To explore this, we investigated 102 carriers of 16p11.2 deletion from multi-center cohorts, among which we retrospectively ascertained kidney morphologic and functional data from 37 individuals (12 Chinese and 25 Caucasian/Hispanic). Significantly higher CAKUT rates were observed in 16p11.2 deletion carriers (about 25% in Chinese and 16% in Caucasian/Hispanic) than those found in the non-clinically ascertained general populations (about 1/1000 found at autopsy). Furthermore, we identified seven additional individuals with heterozygous loss-of-function variants in TBX6, a gene that maps to the 16p11.2 region. Four of these seven cases showed obvious CAKUT. To further investigate the role of TBX6 in kidney development, we engineered mice with mutated Tbx6 alleles. The Tbx6 heterozygous null (i.e., loss-of-function) mutant (Tbx6+/‒) resulted in 13% solitary kidneys. Remarkably, this incidence increased to 29% in a compound heterozygous model (Tbx6mh/‒) that reduced Tbx6 gene dosage to below haploinsufficiency, by combining the null allele with a novel mild hypomorphic allele (mh). Renal hypoplasia was also frequently observed in these Tbx6-mutated mouse models. Thus, our findings in patients and mice establish TBX6 as a novel gene involved in CAKUT and its gene dosage insufficiency as a potential driver for kidney defects observed in the 16p11.2 microdeletion syndrome.

19.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(5): 253, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32309400

RESUMO

Centenarians population is proliferating, and hip fractures are responsible for more than 10% of all hospital admissions for centenarian patients, which represents a considerable challenge to patients and healthcare providers. Herein, we first report a case of a 111-year-old woman who suffered from a hip fracture and was successfully managed with cemented hemiarthroplasty surgery. In addition, we further reviewed case reports, news, and related studies to address the central points in managing hip fractures in the centenarian population.

20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(9): 4931-4943, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277576

RESUMO

Tumour-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a very rare paraneoplastic syndrome with bone pain, fractures and muscle weakness, which is mostly caused by phosphaturic mesenchymal tumours (PMTs). Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) has been regarded as a non-invasive liquid biopsy for many malignant tumours. However, it has not been studied in benign tumours, which prompted us to adopt the targeted next-generation sequencing approach to compare cfDNAs of 4 TIO patients, four patients with bone metastasis (BM) and 10 healthy controls. The mutational landscapes of cfDNA in TIO and BM groups were similar in the spectrum of allele frequencies and mutation types. Markedly, deleterious missense mutations in FGFR1 and loss-of-function mutations in MED12 were found in 3/4 TIO patients but none of BM patients. The gene ontology analysis strongly supported that these mutated genes found in TIOs would play a potential role in PMTs' process. The genetic signatures and corresponding change in expression of FGFR1 and FGF23 were further validated in PMT tissues from a test cohort of another three TIO patients. In summary, we reported the first study of the mutational landscape and genetic signatures of cfDNA in TIO/PMTs.

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