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1.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 222: 113138, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638753

RESUMO

The isolation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from whole blood is a challenging task. Although various studies on the separation of CTCs by acoustofluidic devices have been reported, difficulties still persist, such as the complicated equipment, high cost, and difficult operation. Those problems should be resolved urgently. Herein, we developed an acoustofluidic chip separation system coupled with an ultrasonic concentrated energy transducer (UCET) system for efficient separation of CTCs. In the separation system, the acoustically sensitive particles were pre-focused by inertial forces of the PDMS chip channel structure. Then, the particles with different sizes were separated by acoustic radiation forces (ARF). In this study, the circulating tumor cells was simulated (CTCs-like particles) by aminated mesoporous acoustically sensitive particles (MSN@AM) encapsulated carboxylate polystyrene microspheres (PS-COOH). Subsequently, efficient CTCs-like particles separation was achieved by the acoustofluidic chip coupling system. This study effectively separated polystyrene microspheres carrying acoustically sensitive particles (MSN@AM@PS-COOH). However, the MSNs agglomerates and PS microspheres without acoustically sensitive particles did not show phenomenon of separation. This method allows to efficiently separate 2 µm MSNs agglomerates,8.0-8.9 µm PS microspheres and 10-10.5 µm MSN@AM@PS-COOH particles. It is demonstrated that the CTCs-like particles show more sensitive response, longer moving distance, and more obvious separation effect at the condition of the low frequency traveling wave sound field (20 kHz from UCET). This system can maintain the same separation with reduced amount of reagents used for cancer detection. It may provide a reliable basis for sorting out CTCs efficiently from the whole blood of cancer patients.

2.
Curr Med Chem ; 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36683315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compounds that target tumor epigenetic events are likely to constitute a prominent strategy for anticancer treatment. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) have been developed as prospective candidates in anticancer drug development, and currently, many of them are under clinical investigation. We assessed the anticancer efficacy of a now hydroxamate-based HDACi, YF-343, in triple-negative breast cancer development and studied its potential mechanisms. METHODS: YF-343 was estimated as a novel HDACi by the HDACi drug screening kit. The biological effects of YF-343 in a panel of breast cancer cell lines were analyzed by Western blot and flow cytometry. YF-343 exhibited notable cytotoxicity, promoted apoptosis, and induced cell cycle arrest. Furthermore, it also induced autophagy, which plays a pro-survival role in breast cancer cells. RESULTS: The combination of YF-343 with an autophagy inhibitor chloroquine (CQ) significantly suppressed breast tumor progression as compared to the YF-343 treatment alone both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, the molecular mechanism of YF-343 on autophagy was elucidated by gene chip expression profiles, qPCR analysis, luciferase reporter gene assay, chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, immunohistochemical analysis, and other methods. E2F7, a transcription factor, promoted the expression of ATG2A via binding to the ATG2A promoter region and then induced autophagy in triple-negative breast cancer cells treated with YF-343. CONCLUSION: Our studies have illustrated the mechanisms for potential action of YF-343 on tumor growth in breast cancer models with pro-survival autophagy. The combination therapy of YF-343 and CQ maybe a promising strategy for breast cancer therapy.

3.
Infect Drug Resist ; 16: 243-248, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36660348

RESUMO

Background: A thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is a known condition seen in cardiovascular practice. A TAA rupture and postoperative infection may result in death. Preoperative infections leading to death are extremely rare. Case Study: A 62-year-old Chinese female was admitted to The First Hospital of Hebei Medical University with a two-day history of abdominal pain. She was diagnosed with a TAA rupture and underwent immediate surgery. The preoperative urine analysis indicated that the positive bacteria and white blood cell count suggested a urinary tract bacterial infection. The patient was administered the empiric antibiotics, cefazolin; however, her blood pressure continued to drop during the perioperative period and she died of uncorrectable acidosis 8 h after the operation. On the second day after death, both the blood and urine cultures were positive for Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Conclusion: Given that this patient with a TAA rupture died of uncorrected acidosis caused by preoperative infection, it is important to evoke the diagnosis in the context of TAA. Routine laboratory indicators are valuable factors for surgeons and physicians in assessing a patient's condition and improving their prognosis.

4.
Respiration ; : 1-10, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Manual measurement of endobronchial optical coherence tomography (EB-OCT) images means a heavy workload in the clinical practice, which can also introduce bias if the subjective opinions of doctors are involved. OBJECTIVE: We aim to develop a convolutional neural network (CNN)-based EB-OCT image analysis algorithm to automatically identify and measure EB-OCT parameters of airway morphology. METHODS: The ResUNet, MultiResUNet, and Siamese network were used for analyzing airway inner area (Ai), airway wall area (Aw), airway wall area percentage (Aw%), and airway bifurcate segmentation obtained from EB-OCT imaging, respectively. The accuracy of the automatic segmentations was verified by comparing with manual measurements. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients who were diagnosed with asthma (n = 13), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, n = 13), and normal airway (n = 7) were enrolled. EB-OCT was performed in RB9 segment (lateral basal segment of the right lower lobe), and a total of 17,820 OCT images were collected for CNN training, validation, and testing. After training, the Ai, Aw, and airway bifurcate were readily identified in both normal airway and airways of asthma and COPD. The ResUNet and the MultiResUNet resulted in a mean dice similarity coefficient of 0.97 and 0.95 for Ai and Aw segmentation. The accuracy Siamese network in identifying airway bifurcate was 96.6%. Bland-Altman analysis indicated there was a negligible bias between manual and CNN measurements for Ai (bias = -0.02 to 0.01, 95% CI = -0.12 to 0.14) and Aw% (bias = -0.06 to 0.12, 95% CI = -1.98 to 2.14). CONCLUSION: EB-OCT imaging in conjunction with ResUNet, MultiResUNet, and Siamese network could automatically measure normal and diseased airway structure with an accurate performance.

5.
Glob Health Res Policy ; 7(1): 48, 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36474302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying factors associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) is critical for its prevention, but this topic is scarcely investigated in Kashgar prefecture, Xinjiang, northwestern China. We thus explored the CVD epidemiology and identified prominent factors associated with CVD in this region. METHODS: A total of 1,887,710 adults at baseline (in 2017) of the Kashgar Prospective Cohort Study were included in the analysis. Sixteen candidate factors, including seven demographic factors, 4 lifestyle factors, and 5 clinical factors, were collected from a questionnaire and health examination records. CVD was defined according to International Clinical Diagnosis (ICD-10) codes. We first used logistic regression models to investigate the association between each of the candidate factors and CVD. Then, we employed 3 machine learning methods-Random Forest, Random Ferns, and Extreme Gradient Boosting-to rank and identify prominent factors associated with CVD. Stratification analyses by sex, ethnicity, education level, economic status, and residential setting were also performed to test the consistency of the ranking. RESULTS: The prevalence of CVD in Kashgar prefecture was 8.1%. All the 16 candidate factors were confirmed to be significantly associated with CVD (odds ratios ranged from 1.03 to 2.99, all p values < 0.05) in logistic regression models. Further machine learning-based analysis suggested that age, occupation, hypertension, exercise frequency, and dietary pattern were the five most prominent factors associated with CVD. The ranking of relative importance for prominent factors in stratification analyses showed that the factor importance generally followed the same pattern as that in the overall sample. CONCLUSIONS: CVD is a major public health concern in Kashgar prefecture. Age, occupation, hypertension, exercise frequency, and dietary pattern might be the prominent factors associated with CVD in this region.In the future, these factors should be given priority in preventing CVD in future.

6.
Diabetes Ther ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36454378

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with diabetes are confronted with numerous obstacles to achieve adequate glycemic control during hospitalization. The aim of this study was to explore the risk factors associated with glycemic control in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 5223 patients hospitalized with T2DM in a tertiary hospital in Xiamen (China) between January 2017 and December 2019. All patients were managed according to established protocols for glycemic monitoring and insulin pump treatment regimens. Demographic information and clinical profiles were collected from electronic health records. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors associated with glycemic control. RESULTS: Among the 5223 hospitalized patients with T2DM receiving CSII therapy, 55.2% achieved their ideal blood glucose level (3.9-10.0 mmol/L), 44.5% experienced hyperglycemia (> 10.0 mmol/L), and 0.3% experienced hypoglycemia (< 3.9 mmol/L) during their hospitalization. Multivariate analyses showed that among inpatients with T2DM, older age, male gender, higher low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) level, lower C-peptide (C-P) level, lower body mass index (BMI), longer duration of diabetes, previous insulin prescriptions, nephropathy, and retinopathy were factors more likely to be associated with a blood glucose level in the hyperglycemic range (P < 0.05). We also observed that among hospitalized patients with T2DM, those with lower BMI, lower C-P, lower LDL-C, longer disease duration, and previous insulin prescriptions were more likely to correlate with a higher proportion of hypoglycemia range (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Older age, male gender, lower BMI, lower C-P, higher LDL-C, previous insulin prescriptions, longer duration of diabetes, nephropathy, and retinopathy may be risk factors for a higher proportion of hyperglycemic events in hospitalized patients with T2DM under CSII therapy. Furthermore, lower BMI, lower C-P, lower LDL-C, longer duration of diabetes, and previous insulin prescriptions were found to be important factors for a higher proportion of hypoglycemic events. Evaluating the clinical features, comorbidities, and complications of hospitalized patients is essential to achieve reasonable glycemic control.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36514869

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study investigated the mediating role of resilience in the association between moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and psychological ill-being, as well as the moderating role of age in the direct and indirect relationship between MVPA and psychological ill-being in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Eighty-five children aged 6-12 years (Mage  = 8.41 ± 1.44 years) diagnosed with ADHD were recruited. Participants wore an accelerometer on their non-dominant wrist for seven consecutive days to record MVPA. Resilience and psychological ill-being were assessed using self-reported questionnaires. RESULTS: MVPA was positively associated with resilience but negatively related to depression and stress. Resilience was negatively correlated with depression and stress. Using the bootstrapping method, the indirect effect of resilience was found between MVPA and depression (-0.006%, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [-0.060, -0.020]) in children with ADHD, supporting partial mediation. Moderated mediation analysis further demonstrated that the indirect effect of MVPA on depression via resilience was stronger in older children (-0.008, 95% CI = [-0.023, -0.001]) than in younger children with ADHD. CONCLUSION: The findings may inform future empirical studies on designing exercise interventions with MVPA levels that help to improve resilience and depression in children with ADHD.

8.
Iran J Public Health ; 51(11): 2494-2503, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36561253

RESUMO

Background: To explore the effects of miRNA-218-5p on inflammation and extracellular matrix proteins of vascular smooth muscle cell line in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Methods: miR-218-5p expression was detected with RT-qPCR. The proliferative activity of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) was detected with CCK-8, the migration was detected by Transwell, and the apoptosis was detected with flow cytometry. The expression levels of inflammatory factors (IL-1ß and IL-18) were detected by ELISA. The expression levels of proteins (MMP-9 and Netrin-1) and ADAMTS5 were detected by Western blot. The targeting relationship between miR-218-5p and ADAMTS5 was verified with dual-luciferase reporter assay. Results: Up-regulating miR-218-5p could significantly inhibit the proliferation and migration of VSMCs and induced the apoptosis (P<0.05). Down-regulating miR-218-5p could significantly promote the proliferation and migration of VSMCs and inhibit the apoptosis (P<0.05). Up-regulating miR-218-5p could inhibit the expression levels of THP-1 cytoinflammatory factors (IL-8 and IL-1ß), MMP-9 and netrin-1. ADAMTS5 was the target gene of miR-218-5p. When there were both overexpression of ADAMTS5 and upregulation of miR-218-5p, the upregulation of miR-218-5p could alleviate the effects of overexpression of ADAMTS5 on the proliferation, migration and apoptosis of VSMCs. Conclusion: miR-218-5p/ADAMTS-5 molecular axis regulates the proliferation, migration, and apoptosis of VSMCs, as well as the expression of THP-1 cell inflammatory molecules and extracellular matrix molecules.

9.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1000501, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36483042

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate whether extending adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ) improved the prognosis of newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM) patients with different mutation statuses of O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1), p53 and different expression level of Ki67. Methods: This study was a retrospective cohort study that postoperative patients with newly diagnosed GBM who did not progress after receiving radiotherapy with concomitant and 6 cycles of adjuvant TMZ were enrolled in control group, and those received more than 6 cycles of adjuvant TMZ were incorporated in extended group. Patients were stratified by MGMT expression, IDH1 mutation, p53 mutation and expression level of Ki67. The primary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Result: A total of 93 postoperative patients with newly diagnosed GBM were included in this study, 40 and 53 cases were included in control group and extended group, respectively. On the whole, extended adjuvant TMZ chemotherapy significantly prolonged OS and PFS of patients with newly diagnosed GBM [median OS (mOS): 29.00 months vs. 16.70 months, P < 0.001; median PFS (mPFS): 13.80 months vs. 9.60 months, P = 0.002]. The results of subgroup analysis showed that patients with methylated MGMT in extended group had significantly longer OS and PFS than those in control group; patients with IDH1 mutation benefited more from extended adjuvant TMZ chemotherapy than those with wild-type IDH1; there was no significant difference in the effect of extended TMZ chemotherapy on OS between GBM patients with wild-type p53 and those with mutant p53; compared with GBM patients with lower expression of Ki67, extended adjuvant TMZ treatment dramatically improved the OS and PFS of those with higher expression of Ki67. Conclusion: The therapeutic schedule of extended adjuvant TMZ significantly prolonged OS and PFS of patients with newly diagnosed GBM regardless of p53 mutation status, and patients with different MGMT methylation, IDH1 mutation and Ki67 expression level benefited differently from extended adjuvant TMZ chemotherapy.

10.
Front Oncol ; 12: 950418, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387243

RESUMO

Background: Peritoneal sarcomatosis (PS) could occur in patients with retroperitoneal sarcomas (RPS). This study aimed to expand the understanding of PS on its characteristics and prognostic role, and develop a nomogram to predict its occurrence preoperatively. Methods: Data of 211 consecutive patients with RPS who underwent surgical treatment between 2011 and 2019 was retrospectively reviewed. First, the clinicopathological characteristics of PS were summarized and analyzed. Second, the disease-specific survival (DSS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) of patients were analyzed to evaluate the prognostic role of PS. Third, preoperative imaging, nearly the only way to detect PS preoperatively, was combined with other screened risk factors to develop a nomogram. The performance of the nomogram was assessed. Results: Among the 211 patients, 49 (23.2%) patients had PS with an incidence of 13.0% in the primary patients and 35.4% in the recurrent patients. The highest incidence of PS occurred in dedifferentiated liposarcoma (25.3%) and undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (25.0%). The diagnostic sensitivity of the preoperative imaging was 71.4% and its specificity was 92.6%. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was elevated in patients with PS (P<0.001). IHC staining for liposarcoma revealed that the expression of VEGFR-2 was significantly higher in the PS group than that in the non-PS group (P = 0.008). Survival analysis (n =196) showed significantly worse DSS in the PS group than in non-PS group (median: 16.0 months vs. not reached, P < 0.001). In addition, PS was proven as one of the most significant prognostic predictors of both DSS and RFS by random survival forest algorithm. A nomogram to predict PS status was developed based on preoperative imaging combined with four risk factors including the presentation status (primary vs. recurrent), ascites, SUVmax, and tumor size. The nomogram significantly improved the diagnostic sensitivity compared to preoperative imaging alone (44/49, 89.8% vs. 35/49, 71.4%). The C-statistics of the nomogram was 0.932, and similar C-statistics (0.886) was achieved at internal cross-validation. Conclusion: PS is a significant prognostic indicator for RPS, and it occurs more often in recurrent RPS and in RPS with higher malignant tendency. The proposed nomogram is effective to predict PS preoperatively.

11.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 873264, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36393852

RESUMO

Recent single-cell atlases of the heart gave unprecedented details about the diversity of cell types and states during heart development in health and disease conditions. Beyond a profiling tool, researchers also use single-cell analyses to dissect the mechanism of diseases in animal models. The new knowledge from these studies revealed that beating cardiomyocytes account for less than 50% of the total heart cell population. In contrast, non-cardiomyocytes (NCMs), such as cardiac fibroblasts, endothelial cells, and immune cells, make up the remaining proportion and have indispensable roles in structural support, homeostasis maintenance, and injury repair of the heart. In this review, we categorize the composition and characteristics of NCMs from the latest single-cell studies of the heart in various contexts and compare the findings from both human samples and mouse models. This information will enrich our understanding of the cellular basis of heart development and diseases and provide insights into the potential therapeutic targets in NCMs to repair the heart.

12.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 996723, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338129

RESUMO

Objectives: We developed a 3D U-Net-based deep convolutional neural network for the automatic segmentation of the vertebral cortex. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the 3D U-Net deep learning model. Methods: In this study, a fully automated vertebral cortical segmentation method with 3D U-Net was developed, and ten-fold cross-validation was employed. Through data augmentation, we obtained 1,672 3D images of chest CT scans. Segmentation was performed using a conventional image processing method and manually corrected by a senior radiologist to create the gold standard. To compare the segmentation performance, 3D U-Net, Res U-Net, Ki U-Net, and Seg Net were used to segment the vertebral cortex in CT images. The segmentation performance of 3D U-Net and the other three deep learning algorithms was evaluated using DSC, mIoU, MPA, and FPS. Results: The DSC, mIoU, and MPA of 3D U-Net are better than the other three strategies, reaching 0.71 ± 0.03, 0.74 ± 0.08, and 0.83 ± 0.02, respectively, indicating promising automated segmentation results. The FPS is slightly lower than that of Seg Net (23.09 ± 1.26 vs. 30.42 ± 3.57). Conclusion: Cortical bone can be effectively segmented based on 3D U-net.

13.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 478, 2022 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with extremely high-risk ASCVD usually suffered poor prognosis, bilirubin is considered closely related to cardiovascular outcomes. However, there is controversy over the relationship between bilirubin and coronary artery disease. This study aimed to evaluate the predictive value of the DIBIL ratio in patients with extremely high-risk ASCVD. METHODS: 10,260 consecutive patients with extremely high-risk ASCVD were enrolled in this study. All patients were divided into three groups according to their DIBIL ratio. The incidence of MACCEs was recorded, and in a competing risk regression, the incidence of MACCEs and their subgroups were recorded. The direct-indirect bilirubin ratio (DIBIL ratio) was calculated by the direct bilirubin (umol/L)/indirect bilirubin (umol/L) ratio, all laboratory values were obtained from the first fasting blood samples during hospitalization. RESULTS: The area under the ROC curve of the DIBIL ratio to predict the occurrence of all-cause death was 0.668, the cut-off value of which is 0.275. Competing risk regression indicated that DIBIL ratio was positively correlated with all-cause death [1.829 (1.405-2.381), p < 0.001], CV death [1.600 (1.103, 2.321), p = 0.013]. The addition of DIBIL ratio to a baseline risk model had an incremental effect on the predictive value for all-cause death [IDI 0.004(0, 0.010), p < 0.001; C-index 0.805(0.783-0.827), p < 0.001]. CONCLUSION: The DIBIL ratio was an excellent tool to predict poor prognosis, suggesting that this index may be developed as a biomarker for risk stratification and prognosis in extremely ASCVD patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Humanos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Bilirrubina , Prognóstico , Estudos de Coortes , China/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 1184, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36333580

RESUMO

A precise understanding of amygdala-centered subtle networks may help refine neurocircuitry models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). We applied connectivity-based parcellation methodology to segment the amygdala based on resting-state fMRI data of 92 medication-free OCD patients without comorbidity and 90 matched healthy controls (HC). The amygdala was parcellated into two subregions corresponding to basolateral amygdala (BLA) and centromedial amygdala (CMA). Amygdala subregional functional connectivity (FC) maps were generated and group differences were evaluated with diagnosis-by-subregion flexible factorial ANOVA. We found significant diagnosis × subregion FC interactions in insula, supplementary motor area (SMA), midcingulate cortex (MCC), superior temporal gyrus (STG) and postcentral gyrus (PCG). In HC, the BLA demonstrated stronger connectivity with above regions compared to CMA, whereas in OCD, the connectivity pattern reversed to stronger CMA connectivity comparing to BLA. Relative to HC, OCD patients exhibited hypoconnectivity between left BLA and left insula, and hyperconnectivity between right CMA and SMA, MCC, insula, STG, and PCG. Moreover, OCD patients showed reduced volume of left BLA and right CMA compared to HC. Our findings characterized disorganized functional architecture of amygdala subregional networks in accordance with structural defects, providing direct evidence regarding the specific role of amygdala subregions in the neurocircuitry models of OCD.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Encefálico , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo , Humanos , Vias Neurais , Tonsila do Cerebelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
15.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 14(1): 162, 2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36316759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The hemoglobin glycation index (HGI) is the difference between measured and estimated glycation of hemoglobin. However, there is limited evidence to investigate the HGI and the clinical outcomes of acute coronary syndrome patients. This study aimed to evaluate the association between HGI and the clinical outcomes of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in a China cohort. METHOD: This single-center retrospective study was carried out in the Cardiovascular Center of Beijing Friendship Hospital, a total of 11004 consecutive patients with ACS from Dec 2012-Dec 2020 were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into quintiles according to their HGI levels. The incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) was recorded. RESULT: HGI were divided into five quintiles quintiles: -0.906 (-7.188, -0.663), -0.491 (-0.663, -0.343), -0.196 (-0.342, -0.039), 0.170 (-0.039, 0.485), and 1.156 (0.485, 7.875), respectively. Competing risk regression revealed that HGI was positively related to all-cause death, CV death, and composite MACCEs. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis indicated that hypertension (HR:1.109, P = 0.013), previous stroke (HR:1.208, P < 0.001), past PCI (HR: 1.268, P < 0.001), age (HR: 1.011, P < 0.001), BMI (HR: 0.987, P = 0.012), heart rate (HR: 1.004, P = 0.001), NSTEMI (HR: 1.205, P < 0.001), WBC (HR: 1.020, P = 0.008), eGFR (HR: 0.993, P < 0.001), HDL-C (HR: 0.809, P = 0.002), LVEF (HR:0.240, P < 0.001), LM/three-vessel or proximal LAD involved (HR: 1.208 P < 0.001; HR:0.914, P = 0.019, respectively), and antiplatelet agents during hospitalization (HR:0.806, P = 0.020) independently predicted the incidence of MACCEs in ACS patients. Restricted cubic spline indicated a U-shaped association between the HGI and risk of MACCEs. CONCLUSION: Both low HGI and high HGI was associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome, compared with moderate HGI.

16.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 963246, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36313781

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of CT imaging features of paravertebral muscles in predicting abnormal bone mass in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: The clinical and QCT data of 149 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were collected retrospectively. Patients were randomly divided into the training group (n = 90) and the validation group (n = 49). The radiologic model and Nomogram model were established by multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Predictive performance was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results: A total of 829 features were extracted from CT images of paravertebral muscles, and 12 optimal predictive features were obtained by the mRMR and Lasso feature selection methods. The radiomics model can better predict bone abnormality in type 2 diabetes mellitus, and the (Area Under Curve) AUC values of the training group and the validation group were 0.94(95% CI, 0.90-0.99) and 0.90(95% CI, 0.82-0.98). The combined Nomogram model, based on radiomics and clinical characteristics (vertebral CT values), showed better predictive efficacy with an AUC values of 0.97(95% CI, 0.94-1.00) in the training group and 0.95(95% CI, 0.90-1.00) in the validation group, compared with the clinical model. Conclusion: The combination of Nomogram model and radiomics-clinical features of paravertebral muscles has a good predictive value for abnormal bone mass in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico por imagem , Nomogramas , Músculos
17.
Front Oncol ; 12: 887068, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36249018

RESUMO

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD) is one of the most aggressive digestive system tumors in the world, with a low early diagnosis rate and a high mortality. Integrin beta 5 (ITGB5) is demonstrated to be a potent tumor promoter in several carcinomas. However, it is unknown whether ITGB5 participates in the occurrence and development of PAAD. In this study, we confirmed a high expression of ITGB5 in PAAD and its role in promoting invasiveness and transitivity in PAAD. Besides, the knockdown of ITGB5 increased cell sensitivity to radiation by promoting DNA damage repair and the MEK/ERK signaling pathway. Collectively, these results show that ITGB5 plays an essential role in pancreatic cancer growth and survival.

18.
Water Res ; 226: 119242, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36257156

RESUMO

Under the limitation of the carrier yield and mobility of semiconductor photocatalysts and the reaction domain, it seems that the photocatalytic efficiency cannot be greatly improved. Here, an efficient contact-electro-catalysis (CEC) system based on droplet triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) is developed. Instead of using traditional semiconductor catalysts, the electric charge transferred during the electrification process of the contact between water droplets and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is used to participate in catalysis, and the output electrical signal can also monitor the degree of catalysis. The important role of light in the circulation of this CEC system is studied and discussed for the first time. It is proved that the contact electrification at the liquid-solid interface is accompanied by the generation of a large number of strong oxidizing radicals. The efficient transport of charge carriers driven by mechanical force and the active oxygen species distributed in the whole domain greatly improve the degradation rate of dyes. The experimental data show that the degradation efficiency of crystal violet (CV) reaches 90% within 38 s, and the rate constant k is as high as 3.7 min-1. This is a breakthrough in the field of catalysis.

19.
World J Pediatr ; 2022 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36251118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The number of pediatric cases of infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant has increased. Here, we describe the clinical characteristics of children in a tertiary children's medical center in Shanghai. METHODS: A total of 676 pediatric coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases caused by the Omicron variant who were admitted to the Shanghai Children's Medical Center from March 28 to April 30, 2022 were enrolled in this single-center, prospective, observational real-world study. Patient demographics and clinical characteristics, especially COVID-19 vaccine status, were assessed. RESULTS: Children of all ages appeared susceptible to the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant, with no significant difference between sexes. A high SARS-CoV-2 viral load upon admission was associated with leukocytopenia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia (P = 0.003, P = 0.021, and P = 0.017, respectively) but not with physical symptoms or radiographic chest abnormalities. Univariable linear regression models indicated that comorbidities (P = 0.001) were associated with a longer time until viral clearance, and increasing age (P < 0.001) and two doses of COVID-19 vaccine (P = 0.001) were associated with a shorter time to viral clearance. Multivariable analysis revealed an independent effect of comorbidities (P < 0.001) and age (P = 0.003). The interaction effect between age and comorbidity showed that the negative association between age and time to virus clearance remained significant only in patients without underlying diseases (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study describes the clinical characteristics of children infected with the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 and calls for additional studies to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of vaccination against COVID-19 in children.

20.
Am J Hematol ; 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36219502

RESUMO

Mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) is a subtype of leukemia in which lymphoid and myeloid markers are co-expressed. Knowledge regarding the genetic features of MPAL is lacking due to its rarity and heterogeneity. Here, we applied an integrated genomic and transcriptomic approach to explore the molecular characteristics of 176 adult patients with MPAL, including 86 patients with T-lymphoid/myeloid MPAL (T/My MPAL-NOS), 42 with Ph+ MPAL, 36 with B-lymphoid/myeloid MPAL (B/My MPAL-NOS), 4 with t(v;11q23), and 8 with MPAL, NOS, rare types. Genetically, T/My MPAL-NOS was similar to B/T MPAL-NOS but differed from Ph+ MPAL and B/My MPAL-NOS. T/My MPAL-NOS exhibited higher CEBPA, DNMT3A, and NOTCH1 mutations. Ph+ MPAL demonstrated higher RUNX1 mutations. B/T MPAL-NOS showed higher NOTCH1 mutations. By integrating next-generation sequencing and RNA sequencing data of 89 MPAL patients, we defined eight molecular subgroups (G1-G8) with distinct mutational and gene expression characteristics. G1 was associated with CEBPA mutations, G2 and G3 with NOTCH1 mutations, G4 with BCL11B rearrangement and FLT3 mutations, G5 and G8 with BCR::ABL1 fusion, G6 with KMT2A rearrangement/KMT2A rearrangement-like features, and G7 with ZNF384 rearrangement/ZNF384 rearrangement-like characteristics. Subsequently, we analyzed single-cell RNA sequencing data from five patients. Groups G1, G2, G3, and G4 exhibited overexpression of hematopoietic stem cell disease-like and common myeloid progenitor disease-like signatures, G5 and G6 had high expression of granulocyte-monocyte progenitor disease-like and monocyte disease-like signatures, and G7 and G8 had common lymphoid progenitor disease-like signatures. Collectively, our findings indicate that integrative genomic and transcriptomic profiling may facilitate more precise diagnosis and develop better treatment options for MPAL.

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