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1.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741382

RESUMO

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most common carcinomas of the oral cavity. However, the regulatory mechanisms on miR-32-5p remain poorly understood in OSCC. The expression of miR-32-5p, Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2), C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4), and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins (E-cadherin, Vimentin, N-cadherin, and Snail) were evaluated were assessed using RT-qPCR and Western blot. 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazolyl2)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, wound healing assay, and transwell assay were employed to detect cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of OSCC cells. Finally, dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to verify the binding relationship between KLF2 and miR-32-5p. MiR-32-5p was highly expressed while KLF2 was lowly expressed in OSCC cells, and miR-32-5p knockdown or KLF2 overexpression could markedly reduce cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT of OSCC cells. What is more, KLF2 was the target of miR-32-5p, and knockdown of KLF2 abolished the inhibitory effect of miR-32-5p inhibitor on progression of OSCC. Finally, CXCR4 expression was negatively regulated by KLF2, and inhibition of CXCR4 obviously alleviated the biological effects of si-KLF2 on the progression of OSCC. MiR-32-5p could enhance cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT of OSCC cells, and the discovery of miR-32-5p/KLF2/CXCR4 axis might provide potential therapeutic targets for OSCC.

2.
Indian J Microbiol ; 61(4): 475-486, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744203

RESUMO

Microorganisms are sensitive to changes in the external environment and are often used as indicators to monitor and reflect water quality. Using Illumina MiSeq sequencing, the characteristics of the microbial community in Shihou Lake water at different time points were analyzed and the key environmental factors affecting the bacterial community were identified. The microbial community diversity in Shihou Lake water was rich and showed significant differences over time. The main bacterial phyla were the Cyanobacteria, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, Bacteroidetes, Chloroflexi, Planctomycetes, Firmicutes, Chlorobi, WS6 and Saccharibacteria. The relative abundance of these major phyla in the sample accounted for 97.83%-99.07% of the total abundance; Cyanobacteria had the highest relative abundance, accounting for 13.07%-44.61% of the total, and the abundance of each dominant phylum was significantly different at different time points. The Shannon and Simpson indexes showed that the diversity of each month was as follows: August > October > July > September > November. The Chao1 and Ace indexes indicated that the order of richness was: November > October > July > August > September. Beta diversity analysis found significant differences in the samples from month to month. Environmental factors such as temperature, total nitrogen, chlorophyll-a, permanganate index, nitrite, pH and ammonia nitrogen had significant effects on microbial community structure.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(19): 4898-4906, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738383

RESUMO

Bile of animal(mainly chicken, pig, snake, cow, and bear) has long been used as medicine. As the major active components of bile, bile acids mainly include cholic acid, deoxycholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid, ursodeoxycholic acid, and taurochenodeoxycholic acid. They interact with intestinal microorganisms in enterohepatic circulation, thereby playing an important part in nutrient absorption and allocation, metabolism regulation, and dynamic balance. Bile acids have pharmacological effects such as protecting liver, kidney, heart, brain, and nerves, promoting bile secretion, dissolving gallstones, anti-cancer, relieving cough and dyspnea, dispelling phlegm, treating eye diseases, and regulating intestinal function and blood glucose, which are widely used in clinical practice. This study summarized and analyzed the research on the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of bile acids from medicinal animals, in a bid to provide scientific basis and reference for the further development and utilization of bile acids.


Assuntos
Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Ácido Desoxicólico , Animais , Bovinos , Ácido Quenodesoxicólico , Ácidos Cólicos , Feminino , Suínos , Ácido Ursodesoxicólico
4.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6295, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728640

RESUMO

Oxygen isotope ratios in mantle-derived magmas that differ from typical mantle values are generally attributed to crustal contamination, deeply subducted crustal material in the mantle source or primordial heterogeneities. Here we provide an alternative view for the origin of light oxygen-isotope signatures in mantle-derived magmas using kimberlites, carbonate-rich magmas that assimilate mantle debris during ascent. Olivine grains in kimberlites are commonly zoned between a mantle-derived core and a magmatic rim, thus constraining the compositions of both mantle wall-rocks and melt phase. Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) analyses of olivine in worldwide kimberlites show a remarkable correlation between mean oxygen-isotope compositions of cores and rims from mantle-like 18O/16O to lower 'crustal' values. This observation indicates that kimberlites entraining low-18O/16O olivine xenocrysts are modified by assimilation of low-18O/16O sub-continental lithospheric mantle material. Interaction with geochemically-enriched domains of the sub-continental lithospheric mantle can therefore be an important source of apparently 'crustal' signatures in mantle-derived magmas.

5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(11)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846291

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile and coccus-shaped bacterium, designated strain LNNU 331112T, was isolated from the composite rhizosphere soil of the halophyte Suaeda aralocaspica (Bunge) Freitag and Schütze, which was collected in Xinjiang, north-west China. Growth occurred at 10-45 °C, pH 6.0-11.0 and in the presence of 0-10 % NaCl (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence suggested that strain LNNU 331112T belonged to the genus Hoyosella and showed 95.6, 95.5 and 95.4 % sequence similarities to Hoyosella altamirensis DSM 45258T, Hoyosella subflava CGMCC 4.3532T and Hoyosella rhizosphaerae CGMCC 1.15478T, respectively. The estimated digital DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness values between strain LNNU 331112T and the type strains of H. altamirensis DSM 45258T, H. subflava CGMCC 4.3532T and H. rhizosphaerae CGMCC 1.15478T were 18.9, 19.3 and 18.3 %, respectively. The average nucleotide identity values between strain LNNU 331112T and H. altamirensis DSM 45258T, H. subflava CGMCC 4.3532T and H. rhizosphaerae CGMCC 1.15478T were 72.6, 72.7 and 72.3 %, respectively. The genome sequence of strain LNNU 331112T showed 69.0-72.3 % average amino acid identity values in comparison with the related genome sequences of three validly published Hoyosella species. The genome of strain LNNU 331112T was 3.47 Mb, with a DNA G+C content of 68.4 mol%. A total of 3182 genes were identified as protein-coding in strain LNNU 331112T. Genomic analysis revealed that a number of genes involved in osmotic pressure regulation, intracellular pH homeostasis and potassium (K+) uptake protein were found in strain LNNU 331112T. The predominant menaquinones were MK-8 (44.6 %) and MK-7 (55.4 %), which differentiated strain LNNU 331112T from other three recognized Hoyosella species. Major fatty acids (>10 %) were C17 : 1 ω8c (33.8 %), C16 : 0 (23.3 %), C17 : 0 (12.8 %) and summed feature 3 (12.9 %), which also clearly separated strain LNNU 331112T from three recognized Hoyosella species. The polar lipid profile of strain LNNU 331112T included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, one unidentified glycolipid, one unidentified phospholipid and two unidentified lipids. According to the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, strain LNNU 331112T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Hoyosella, for which the name Hoyosella suaedae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LNNU 331112T (=KCTC 39808T=CGMCC 1.17107T=DSM 103463T).

6.
Ther Apher Dial ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817901

RESUMO

Many cases of spontaneous tendon rupture in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients have been reported worldwide. Quantitative assessment of tendon has become an important way to improve the prognosis of patients. In the recruited healthy volunteers and ESKD patients, the thickness and shear wave velocity (SWV) of supraspinatus tendons and Achilles tendons were measured and compared among groups. Potential factors related to the tendon SWV of ESKD patients were screened in multiple linear regression. There was no significant difference in the tendon thickness and supraspinatus tendon SWV among groups. SWV of Achilles tendons in long-term dialysis ESKD patients were significantly lower than those in healthy volunteers (5.1 vs. 5.6 m/s, p < 0.01). Ca2+ , creatinine, body mass index, and genders are the significant factors related to the tendon SWV. Shear wave elastography can be used as a potential tool for predicting spontaneous tendon rupture in ESKD patients.

7.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34825723

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In order to detect the changes in muscle texture of sarcopenia and to explore a new method of ultrasound assessment of muscle changes in sarcopenia. METHODS: we used the local binary pattern (LBP) combined with gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) method to extract and quantitatively analyze the texture information of the rectus femoris of different people, and initially verified the robustness of this method to image gain changes. We recruited young volunteers, elderly volunteers without sarcopenia, and elderly volunteers with sarcopenia in this cross-sectional study. We scanned the rectus femoris and extracted their muscle texture features. RESULTS: We found that when ultrasonographic gain varied from 40% to 70%, the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of contrast, entropy, and homogeneity were 0.989, 0.973, and 0.989, respectively. Body mass index was significantly related to contrast (r = 0.285, P < .05), and age had a significant correlation with contrast and homogeneity (r = -0.259 and r = 0.269, P < .05). The elderly volunteers with sarcopenia had the highest entropy (0.363 [0.342-0.403]) and homogeneity (2.203 [2.162-2.277]) in the texture of the rectus femoris among the three groups, and at the same time had the lowest contrast (44.583 [43.492-47.399]), and all P < .05. CONCLUSION: LBP combined with GLCM can be a stable method for extracting muscle texture features. At the same time, the contrast, entropy, and homogeneity of the rectus femoris of the elderly with sarcopenia were significantly different from those of the young volunteers and the elderly without sarcopenia, suggesting the texture features of rectus femoris are potential parameters for evaluating muscle function and pathological changes.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721636

RESUMO

This study explored the effect and mechanism of Yunnan black tea flavonoids (YBTF) on cognitive dysfunction in septic mice. The mice were induced sepsis, the serum was determined using kits, and the tissue was determined by qPCR assay. The Yunnan black tea flavonoids were checked using HPLC. The test results showed that compared with the model group, YBTF could increase the survival rate of the mice; meanwhile, YBTF could also increase the total distance travelled, number of stands, and number of groomings, as well as the number of times crossing the area in the target quadrant. Detection of nerve cells showed that YBTF could reduce the rate of nerve cell apoptosis caused by sepsis. YBTF also reduced the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the hippocampus of septic mice and increased the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) enzymes. YBTF could also upregulate the mRNA expression of SOD1, SOD2, CAT, and forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) and downregulate the mRNA expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB), p53, and SIRT1 in the hippocampus of septic mice. The animal experiment results showed that YBTF could improve the cognitive dysfunction of septic mice. The effect of YBTF was weaker than that of dexamethasone, but it could enhance the improvement effect when used in conjunction with dexamethasone. The component analysis results showed that YBTF contained 9 compounds, including catechin, gallocatechin gallate, rutin, hyperoside, epicatechin gallate, dihydroquercetin, quercetin, myricetin, and sulphuretin. From these results, YBTF could activate SIRT1 through its active compound components to improve the cognitive dysfunction of septic mice.

9.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(45)2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725149

RESUMO

The Toba volcanic system in Indonesia has produced two of the largest eruptions (>2,000 km3 dense-rock equivalent [DRE] each) on Earth since the Quaternary. U-Pb crystallization ages of zircon span a period of ∼600 ky before each eruptive event, and in the run-up to each eruption, the mean and variance of the zircons' U content decrease. To quantify the process of accumulation of eruptible magma underneath the Toba caldera, we integrated these observations with thermal and geochemical modeling. We show that caldera-forming eruptions at Toba are the result of progressive thermal maturation of the upper crustal magma reservoir, which grows and chemically homogenizes, by sustained magma influx at average volumetric rates between 0.008 and 0.01 km3/y over the past 2.2 My. Protracted thermal pulses related to magma-recharge events prime the system for eruption without necessarily requiring an increased magma-recharge rate before the two supereruptions. If the rate of magma input was maintained since the last supereruption of Toba at 75 ka, eruptible magma is currently accumulating at a minimum rate of ∼4.2 km3 per millennium, and the current estimate of the total volume of potentially eruptible magma available today is a minimum of ∼315 km3 Our approach to evaluate magma flux and the rate of eruptible magma accumulation is applicable to other volcanic systems capable of producing supereruptions and thereby could help in assessing the potential of active volcanic systems to feed supereruptions.

10.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(11): 1207-10, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762371

RESUMO

This paper reviewes the clinical and scientific research history of professor XUE Chong-cheng and summarizes his academic thoughts and main achievements. Professor XUE Chong -cheng created the first personality and constitution inventory in China to lay the foundation for the discipline of TCM psychology; discovered meridian sensory conduction in phantom limbs and proposed the extension of the central model; invented a method for treating mental illness with a low-dose electroacupuncture convulsion therapy instrument; and interpreted the TCM medical model as a Time-Space-Social- Psychological-Biological medical model.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Meridianos , Moxibustão , China , História do Século XX , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
11.
Front Physiol ; 12: 678838, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616305

RESUMO

Gardenia jasminoides Ellis is rich in geniposide, which can be transformed into the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agent genipin. Genipin exhibits greater efficacy than geniposide, but it is unstable and difficult to preserve. In this study, a mouse model for sepsis was established by cecal ligation and puncture, and then we explored the effects and mechanism of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (LcS) on the enhancement of the ability of geniposide to reduce sepsis and decrease inflammatory and oxidative levels in mice by the regulation of sirtuin type 1 (SIRT1). The mice were evaluated and analyzed by the open field test, Morris water maze test, flow cytometry, kit assay, qPCR, and western blot. The LcS + geniposide increased the survival rate in mice with sepsis, and increased the total travel distance, number of times the mice stood up, amount of time the mice spent grooming their fur, duration in the target quadrant, and crossing area number. The testing of mouse nerve cells showed that LcS + geniposide reduced the rate of nerve cell apoptosis caused by sepsis. LcS + geniposide also decreased the amount of inflammatory-related indicators of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß, and the oxidation-related levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the hippocampi of septic mice, and it increased the oxidase activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). Additionally, LcS + geniposide increased the SOD1, SOD2, and CAT mRNA expression in the hippocampi of mice with sepsis and decreased the expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, NF-κB, and p53 mRNA. LcS+geniposide also increased the SIRT1 protein expression and decreased the Ac-FOXO1, Ac-NF-κB, and Ac-p53 protein expression in the hippocampi of mice with sepsis. We also observed that LcS + geniposide decreased the inflammatory and oxidative damage in the mice with sepsis. The effect of LcS + geniposide was similar to that of the drug dexamethasone and stronger than the effect of geniposide utilized alone. LcS also enhanced the ability of geniposide to activate SIRT1 and decrease the inflammation and oxidative stress in the septic mice, and it achieved an effect same with that obtained by the use of the drug dexamethasone.

12.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 855-858, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622605

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical features of pediatric patients who had plastic bronchitis (PB) and to explore the risk factors for respiratory support in the pediatric patients with PB in order to improve the ability to identify PB in children. Methods: The basic information and clinical manifestations of 86 children diagnosed with PB at West China Second University Hospital of Sichuan University from March 2014 to December 2019 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into the respiratory support (RS) group and non-respiratory support (NRS) group as per their need for respiratory support. Logistic regression was conducted to analyze the risk factors for respiratory support in PB patients. Results: A total of 86 children with PB were included in the study, including 62 (72.1%) who were over 3 years old. 57 patients (66.3%) had complications. 56 patients were given respiratory support after admission. All the 86 children had a history of fever and cough, and 76 (88.4%) experienced fever peaks≥39.5°C. Chest imaging showed large lung consolidation or atelectasis in 82 cases (95.3%) and pleural effusion in 63 cases (73.3%). 70 cases (81.4%) were tested positive for pathogens, with the highest infection rate of 68.6% for mycoplasma pneumoniae. There were 30 patients (34.9%) in the NRS group and 56 patients (65.1%) in the RS group. Logistic regression analysis showed that patient being younger than 3 years old ( OR=4.99) and having complications ( OR=7.22) were independent risk factors for respiratory support in children with PB (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Clinically, severe clinical symptoms combined with other systemic complications, large lung consolidation or atelectasis, pleural effusion, and positive lab results for mycoplasma pneumoniae should be an alert indicating the possibility of having PB. Young age and complications were independent risk factors for respiratory support in PB patients.


Assuntos
Bronquite , Derrame Pleural , Bronquite/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Plásticos , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ; 99(11): 1184-1190, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612711

RESUMO

Genistein, an isoflavonoid that can inhibit protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) phosphorylation, has been shown to play pivotal roles in the signal transduction pathways of hypoxic disorders. In this study, we established a rat model of isolated beating atrium and investigated the regulator role of genistein and its downstream signaling pathways in acute hypoxia-induced atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) secretion. Radioimmunoassay was used to detect the ANP content in the atrial perfusates. Western blot analysis was used to determine the protein level of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α), and GATA4 in the atrial tissue. The results showed that acute hypoxia substantially promoted ANP secretion, whereas this effect was partly attenuated by the PTKs inhibitor genistein (3 µM). By Western blotting analysis, we found that hypoxia-induced increase in phosphorylation of Akt and transcriptional factors, including HIF-1α, were also reversed by genistein. The perfused HIF-1α inhibitors rotenone (0.5 µM) or CAY10585 (10 µM) plus genistein significantly abolished the enhanced ANP section induced by hypoxia. Additionally, the perfused PI3K/Akt agonist insulin-like growth factor 1 (30 µM) also abolished ANP secretion induced by genistein and inhibited expression of HIF-1α. In summary, our data suggested that acute hypoxia markedly increased ANP secretion by PTKs through the phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)/HIF-1α dependent pathway.

14.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(4): 350-354, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693425

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Porphyromonas endodontalis (P.e) is the dominant bacterium in the infected canal of pulpal and periapical disease.Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in the outer membrane of the cell wall is an important toxicity factor of P.e. In this study, the effect of P.e-LPS on osteoblast differentiation was studied, and the pathogenic mechanism of P.e-LPS in periapical bone resorption disease was explored. METHODS: Porphyromonas endodontalis was cultured under anaerobic conditions. P.e-LPS was extracted by thermophenol water method, and then the extracted LPS was qualitatively analyzed by gel limulireagent method. Preosteoblast cell line MC3T3-E1 were induced to differentiate into osteoblasts by osteoblast differentiation medium (50 µg/mL ascorbic acid,6 mmol/L beta-glycerphosphate). Expressions of osteogenic differentiation genes including distal-less homeobox 5(DLX5), runt-related transcription factor 2(Runx2), Osterix, bone sialoprotein (BSP), OCN(osteocalcin) and Collagen were detected by RT-PCR. The activity of alkaline phosphatase(ALP), alizarin red staining and Von Kossa staining were used to determine the mineralization level of osteoblasts.The expression of TOLL-like receptor-4 (TLR-4), the receptor of P.e-LPS, was silenced by siRNA transfection. SPSS 11.0 software package was used for statistical analysis of the data. RESULTS: The mRNA expressions of osteogenic differentiation genes including DLX5, Runx2, Osterix, OCN, BSP, and Collagen were significantly decreased after treated with P.e-LPS (10 µg/mL) for 3 d, compared with the control group(P<0.05).After treated with P.e-LPS (10 µg/mL) for 7 d or 14 d, respectively, ALP and alizarin red staining intensity was decreased. P.e-LPS was applied to the si-TLR-4 transfection group and the control group for 7,14 and 21 d, respectively. Compared with the control group, the expression level of osteogenic differentiation genes, ALP, alizarin red staining and Von Kossa staining intensity of si-TLR-4 group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: P.e-LPS inhibits the differentiation of osteoblasts through TLR-4 receptor, thus participating in bone resorption process of periapical lesions.


Assuntos
Osteogênese , Porphyromonas endodontalis , Diferenciação Celular , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Osteoblastos , Porphyromonas endodontalis/genética
15.
Nature ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666338

RESUMO

The Moon has a magmatic and thermal history that is distinct from that of the terrestrial planets1. Radioisotope dating of lunar samples suggests that most lunar basaltic magmatism ceased by around 2.9-2.8 billion years ago (Ga)2,3, although younger basalts between 3 Ga and 1 Ga have been suggested by crater-counting chronology, which has large uncertainties owing to the lack of returned samples for calibration4,5. Here we report a precise lead-lead age of 2,030 ± 4 million years ago for basalt clasts returned by the Chang'e-5 mission, and a 238U/204Pb ratio (µ value)6 of about 680 for a source that evolved through two stages of differentiation. This is the youngest crystallization age reported so far for lunar basalts by radiometric dating, extending the duration of lunar volcanism by approximately 800-900 million years. The µ value of the Chang'e-5 basalt mantle source is within the range of low-titanium and high-titanium basalts from Apollo sites (µ value of about 300-1,000), but notably lower than those of potassium, rare-earth elements and phosphorus (KREEP) and high-aluminium basalts7 (µ value of about 2,600-3,700), indicating that the Chang'e-5 basalts were produced by melting of a KREEP-poor source. This age provides a pivotal calibration point for crater-counting chronology in the inner Solar System and provides insight on the volcanic and thermal history of the Moon.

16.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(9): 3089-3096, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658193

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of understory removal on soil microbial community and soil physicochemical properties in a field experiment following random block design in subtropical moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) plantations, which were widely contributed in middle subtropical area, aiming to assess the regulation mechanism of understory plants on soil microbial community. The results showed that understory removal significantly increased the contents of soil N, NO3--N, and soil available phosphorus, but decreased soil pH and the contents of soil NH4+-N and soil phosphorus (TP). Moreover, understory removal decreased total and bacterial PLFAs (B) and increasing soil fungal PLFAs (F), resulting in a higher F/B ratio. Redundancy analysis showed that changes in fungal PLFAs caused by understory removal were mainly attributed to soil acidification, while changes in bacterial PLFAs caused by understory removal were mainly due to the decreases in soil TP and pH. Furthermore, i14:0、i15:0 and i16:0 contributed to the decreases in bacterial biomass. Our results suggested that understory removal might not be suitable for the management of subtropical P. edulis plantations, as it would alter microbial community composition. The shift of soil microbial community from bacteria to fungi could inhibit microbial decomposition function.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Solo , Florestas , Poaceae , Microbiologia do Solo
17.
Mol Biol Rep ; 48(11): 7351-7360, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glyphosate is a broad-spectrum, non-selective systemic herbicide. Introduction of glyphosate tolerance genes such as EPSPS or detoxification genes such as GAT can confer glyphosate tolerance on plants. Our previous study revealed that co-expression of EPSPS and GAT genes conferred higher glyphosate tolerance without "yellow flashing". However, the plant response to glyphosate at the transcriptional level was not investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: To investigate the glyphosate tolerance mechanism, RNA-seq was conducted using four soybean genotypes, including two non-transgenic (NT) soybeans, ZH10 and MD12, and two GM soybeans, HJ698 and ZH10-6. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in these soybeans before and after glyphosate treatment. Similar response to glyphosate in the two NT soybeans and the different effects of glyphosate on the two GM soybeans were identified. As treatment time was prolonged, the expression level of some DEGs involved in shikimate biosynthetic pathway and herbicide targeted cross-pathways was increased or declined continuously in NT soybeans, and altered slightly in HJ698. However, the expression level of some DEGs was altered in ZH10-6 at 12 hpt, while similar expression level of some DEGs involved in shikimate biosynthetic pathway and herbicide targeted cross-pathways was observed in ZH10-6 at 0 hpt and 72 hpt. These observations likely explain the higher glyphosate tolerance in ZH10-6 than in HJ698 and NT soybeans. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that GAT and EPSPS genes together play a crucial role in response to glyphosate, the GAT gene may work at the early stage of glyphosate exposure, whereas the EPSPS gene may be activated after the uptake of glyphosate by plants. These findings will provide valuable insight for the molecular basis underlying glyphosate tolerance or glyphosate detoxication.

18.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505740

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Newborn screening is an important supplement to thalassemia control and prevention. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) technology has several advantages for thalassemia screening but with low sensitivity, especially for thalassemia carriers. This study aims to illustrate the application of an optimized interpretation model in newborn thalassemia screening by capillary hemoglobin electrophoresis. METHODS: Two thousand, two hundred fifty-eight neonates selected from four regions in China were enrolled and were screened for α-thalassemia and ß-thalassemia by capillary electrophoresis. Results were interpreted based on an optimized model integrated with multiple parameters. Molecular analysis was carried out in synchrony and used as the gold standard for the screening performance assessment. The consistency among different regions and thalassemia genotypes were also investigated. RESULTS: Among the 2258 neonates, 485 were identified to have a likely diagnosis of thalassemia, and 422 α-thalassemia, 80 ß-thalassemia, and 21 α/ß-thalassemia cases were confirmed by molecular analysis, including 277 α-thalassemia silent carriers, 135 α-thalassemia trait carriers, 10 Hemoglobin H disease, and 80 ß-thalassemia trait carriers. The screening sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive value for α-thalassemia and ß-thalassemia were 84.83%, 99.14%, 95.98%, 96.41%, and 88.75%, 98.73%, 76.34%, and 99.48%, respectively. The optimized interpretation model showed higher performance for thalassemia carriers, though some neonates with silent α-thalassemia genotypes (-α3.7 /αα, -α4.2 /αα, and αWS α/αα) and ß-28 /ßN genotype were still missed. The screening performance among different regions was comparable. CONCLUSIONS: Capillary hemoglobin electrophoresis with the optimized interpretation model shows reliable performance for newborn thalassemia screening. It is applicable to large-scale population screening.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491893

RESUMO

Cells of bacterial strains G9T and 7MK23T, isolated from forest soil samples collected from the Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve, Guangdong Province, PR China, were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped. Strain G9T was motile with single polar flagellum and grew at 12-37 °C (optimum, 28 °C), pH 4.5-8.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-7.5) and in the presence of 0-3.5 % NaCl (optimum, 1.5%, w/v); while strain 7MK23T was non-motile and grew at 12-42 °C (optimum, 28-33 °C), pH 2.5-8.5 (optimum, pH 4.5-6.5) and NaCl levels of 0-1.0 % (optimum, 0-0.5 %, w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that both isolates fell within the cluster of the genus Dyella. The closely related species (with a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity >98.65%) of strain G9T were Dyella terrae JS14-6T (99.0 %), D. kyungheensis THG-B117T (98.8 %) and D. amyloliquefaciens DHC06T (98.7 %) while that of strain 7MK23T were D. mobilis DHON07T (99.2 %) and D. flava DHOC52T (99.1 %), but the average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strains G9T, 7MK23T and the closely related Dyella species listed above were in the ranges of 77.5-83.8 % and 22.0-27.0 %, much lower than the species demarcation lines of 95.5 and 70 %, respectively. Phylogenomic analyses using UBCG and Phylophlan also supported that these two strains represent two novel species of Dyella. The major fatty acids of strain G9T were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 1 ω9c and iso-C17 : 0 while that of strain 7MK23T were iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. Ubiquinone-8 was the only respiratory quinone detected in both strains. The polar lipids of strain G9T consisted of phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, and several unknown phospholipids, aminophospholipids, aminolipids and lipid while strain 7MK23T contained phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine and several unknown phospholipids and aminophospholipids. The DNA G+C contents of strains G9T and 7MK23T were 64.7 and 63.4 mol%, respectively. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses as well as phenotypic data obtained, we propose that strains G9T and 7MK23T represent two novel species of the genus Dyella, for which the names Dyella telluris sp. nov. (type strain G9T=KACC 21725T=GDMCC 1.2132T) and Dyella acidiphila sp. nov. (type strain 7MK23T=KCTC 62739T=GDMCC 1.1446T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Florestas , Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
20.
J Appl Toxicol ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550611

RESUMO

The effects of low-dose radiation (LDR, ≤0.1 Gy) on living organisms have been the hot areas of radiation biology but do not reach a definitive conclusion yet. So far, few studies have adequately accounted for the male reproductive system responses to LDR, particularly the regulation of testosterone content. Hence, this study was designed to evaluate the effects of LDR on Leydig cells and testicular tissue, especially the ability to synthesize testosterone. We found that less than 0.2-Gy 60 Co gamma rays did not cause significant changes in the hemogram index and the body weight; also, pathological examination did not find obvious structural alterations in testis, epididymis, and other radiation-sensitive organs. Consistently, the results from in vitro showed that only more than 0.5-Gy gamma rays could induce remarkable DNA damage, cycle arrest, and apoptosis. Notably, LDR disturbed the contents of testosterone in mice serums and culture supernatants of TM3 cells and dose dependently increased the expression of 3ß-HSD. After cotreatment with trilostane (Tril), the inhibitor of 3ß-HSD, increased testosterone could be partially reversed. Besides, DNA damage repair-related enzymes, including DNMT1, DNMT3B, and Sirt1, were increased in irradiated TM3 cells, accompanying by evident demethylation in the gene body of 3ß-HSD. In conclusion, our results strongly suggest that LDR could induce obvious perturbation in the synthesis of testosterone without causing organic damage, during which DNA demethylation modification of 3ß-HSD might play a crucial role and would be a potential target to prevent LDR-induced male reproductive damage.

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