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Neuroendocrinology ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940636


PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) system or the 8th American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging manual are suitable for gastric neuroendocrine carcinomas and/or mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinomas (G-NECs/MANECs). METHODS: Patients in the a multicentric series with G-NEC/MANEC who underwent curative-intent surgical resection for a primary tumor were included. An optimal staging system was proposed base on analysis of the T and N status and validated by the SEER database. RESULTS: Compared with the ENETS system, the survival curves of the T category and N category in the 8th AJCC system were better separated and distributed in a more balanced way, but the survival curves of T2 vs T3, N0 vs N1, and N3a vs N3b overlapped. For the T category, the 8th AJCC T category was modified by combining T2 and T3, which was consistent with the T category in the 6th AJCC manual for GC. For the N category, the optimal cut-off values of metastatic lymph nodes using X-tile were also similar to those of the N category in the 6th AJCC system. The Kaplan-Meier plots of the 6th AJCC system showed statistically significant differences between individual substages. Compared with the other two classifications, the 6th AJCC system also showed superior prognostic stratification. Similar results were obtained in both multicentric and SEER validation sets. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to the 8th AJCC and ENETS systems, the 6th AJCC staging system for GC is more suitable for G-NEC/MANEC and can be adopted in clinical practice.

Cancer Sci ; 111(2): 502-512, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710406


The present study was designed to evaluate the dynamic survival and recurrence of remnant gastric cancer (RGC) after radical resection and to provide a reference for the development of personalized follow-up strategies. A total of 298 patients were analyzed for their 3-year conditional overall survival (COS3), 3-year conditional disease-specific survival (CDSS3), corresponding recurrence and pattern changes, and associated risk factors. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and the 5-year disease-specific survival (DSS) of the entire cohort were 41.2% and 45.8%, respectively. The COS3 and CDDS3 of RGC patients who survived for 5 years were 84.0% and 89.8%, respectively. The conditional survival in patients with unfavorable prognostic characteristics showed greater growth over time than in those with favorable prognostic characteristics (eg, COS3, ≥T3: 46.4%-83.0%, Δ36.6% vs ≤T2: 82.4%-85.7%, Δ3.3%; P < 0.001). Most recurrences (93.5%) occurred in the first 3 years after surgery. The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage was the only factor that affected recurrence. Time-dependent Cox regression showed that for both OS and DSS, after 4 years of survival, the common prognostic factors that were initially judged lost their ability to predict survival (P > 0.05). Time-dependent logistic regression analysis showed that the AJCC stage independently affected recurrence within 2 years after surgery (P < 0.05). A postoperative follow-up model was developed for RGC patients. In conclusion, patients with RGC usually have a high likelihood of death or recurrence within 3 years after radical surgery. We developed a postoperative follow-up model for RGC patients of different stages, which may affect the design of future clinical trials.

Coto Gástrico/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida
Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne ; 14(2): 229-236, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118988


Introduction: Complete mesogastrium excision (CME) of the perigastric mesogastrium and dissection of lymph nodes (LNs) no. 10 and no. 11 remain technically challenging aspects of laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy (LRTG) plus CME. To address some of these difficulties, we introduced the laparoscopic perigastric mesogastrium excision technique (LPMET) and the concept of the "enjoyable space" to partly modify the procedures of conventional radical surgery and characterize the perigastric space and the surgical plane as well as its boundaries. Aim: To introduce the laparoscopic perigastric mesogastrium excision technique (LPMET) and the "enjoyable space" when undergoing laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy. Material and methods: From July 2016 to June 2017, 79 cases of upper gastric cancer that were treated by laparoscopic D2 gastrectomy plus CME were investigated. The retrospective database included the patient characteristics, intraoperative and postoperative outcomes, and morbidity and mortality rates depending on the completeness of their medical records. Results: Laparoscopic D2 gastrectomy plus CME was successfully performed in all 79 cases. The mean surgical time was 232.5 ±46.0 min, and the intraoperative blood loss was 67.6 ±52.3 ml. A total of 2245 LNs were retrieved (mean 28.1 ±10.8 retrieved from each specimen). The mean postoperative hospital stay was 10.3 ±1.6 days. The postoperative morbidity rate was 17.7%. After a median follow-up period of 12 months, one patient experienced liver metastasis; of the other 78 patients, none died or experienced tumor recurrence or metastasis. Conclusions: Laparoscopic perigastric mesogastrium excision technique and the "enjoyable space" could be a novel, minimally invasive approach and space to achieve CME and provide benefit for the dissection of LNs no. 10 and no. 11.

J Oncol ; 2019: 6012826, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093283


Background: Remnant gastric cancer (RGC) is a rare malignant tumor with poor prognosis. There is no universally accepted prognostic model for RGC. Methods: We analyzed data for 253 RGC patients who underwent radical gastrectomy from 6 centers. The prognosis prediction performances of the AJCC7th and AJCC8th TNM staging systems and the TRM staging system for RGC patients were evaluated. Web-based prediction models based on independent prognostic factors were developed to predict the survival of the RGC patients. External validation was performed using a cohort of 49 Chinese patients. Results: The predictive abilities of the AJCC8th and TRM staging systems were no better than those of the AJCC7th staging system (c-index: AJCC7th vs. AJCC8th vs. TRM, 0.743 vs. 0.732 vs. 0.744; P>0.05). Within each staging system, the survival of the two adjacent stages was not well discriminated (P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that age, tumor size, T stage, and N stage were independent prognostic factors. Based on the above variables, we developed 3 web-based prediction models, which were superior to the AJCC7th staging system in their discriminatory ability (c-index), predictive homogeneity (likelihood ratio chi-square), predictive accuracy (AIC, BIC), and model stability (time-dependent ROC curves). External validation showed predictable accuracies of 0.780, 0.822, and 0.700, respectively, in predicting overall survival, disease-specific survival, and disease-free survival. Conclusions: The AJCC TNM staging system and the TRM staging system did not enable good distinction among the RGC patients. We have developed and validated visual web-based prediction models that are superior to these staging systems.