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1.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(9): 2801-2810, 2022 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35434117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone grafts have been applied for many years in orthopedic surgery to assist with bone repair for defects or bone discontinuity caused by trauma and tumors as well as periodontal defects. Jaw cysts are another common benign disease of the maxillofacial region which may lead to pathological bone fracture, loss of teeth, and infection. However, whether bone grafts are beneficial for bone regeneration in jaw cystic lesions and when bone grafts should be used remains unclear. AIM: To study the efficacy of bone grafts compared to spontaneous healing in the treatment of jaw cystic lesions. METHODS: A literature search was performed in Medline, Cochrane Library and Embase to identify related articles published in English in the last ten years. The following key words and MeSH terms were used: "jaw cyst", "cystic lesion", "odontogenic cyst", "periapical cyst", "dentigerous cyst", "follicular cyst", "keratocyst", "treatment", "surgery", "bone graft", "enucleation", "cystectomy", and "bone regeneration". Case reports, clinical trials, clinical studies, observational studies and randomized controlled trials were included. Study quality was evaluated. RESULTS: Ten studies (n = 10) met the inclusion criteria. Five studies reported spontaneous bone healing after enucleation, three studies investigated the efficacy of various bone grafts, and two randomized comparative studies focused on the comparison between spontaneous healing and bone grafting. Over 90% of bone regeneration occurred within 6 mo after bone grafting. The bone regeneration rate after cystectomy showed great variation, ranging from 50% to 100% after 6 mo, but reaching over 90% after 12 mo. CONCLUSION: While the long-term superiority of bone grafting compared with spontaneous healing after cystectomy is unclear, bone grafts accelerate the process of healing and significantly increase bone quality.

2.
J Extracell Vesicles ; 11(4): e12214, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35436039

RESUMO

To accurately identify the functions of tumour-cell-derived extracellular vesicles (T-EVs), EVs directly isolated from tumour tissues are much preferred over those derived from in vitro cultured tumour cell lines. However, the functional analysis of T-EVs has still been severely limited by the difficulty in selective isolation of T-EVs from tissue-derived heterogeneous EVs, which also contain non-tumour cell-derived EVs. We here establish an untouched isolation strategy that specifically collects natural T-EVs from tumour tissues by removing non-tumour-cell-derived EVs. Different from traditional immunomagnetic separation, our isolation materials are directly bound to undesired non-tumour-cell-derived EVs, preserving the natural properties of T-EVs. Using this strategy, we reveal the distinct performances of tissue-derived T-EVs in organotropism to lymph nodes, immunosuppression and angiogenesis. The present work, which takes an extraordinary step forward in the isolation of EV subpopulation from tumour tissues, would dramatically accelerate the investigation of EV heterogeneity.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Neoplasias , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias/metabolismo
3.
Pharmaceutics ; 14(4)2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35456636

RESUMO

The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 (Kip1) is an important regulator of the G1/S checkpoint. It is degraded by the SCF-SKP2 complex in late G1 thereby allowing cells to progress to the S phase. Here we investigated the role of the E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF6 (Ring Finger Protein 6) in cell cycle progression in prostate cancer cells. Our data demonstrate that RNF6 can promote cell cycle progression by reducing the levels of p27. Knockdown of RNF6 led to an increase in the stability of p27 and to the arrest of cells in the G1 phase. RNF6 interacted with p27 via its KIL domain and this interaction was found to be phosphorylation independent. RNF6 enhanced ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of p27 in the early G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle. Knockdown of RNF6 expression by short hairpin RNA led to inhibition of the CDK2/Cyclin E complex thereby reducing phosphorylation of Retinoblastoma protein (Rb) and to a subsequent decrease in cell cycle progression and proliferation. Our data suggest that RNF6 acts as a negative regulator for p27kip1 leading to its proteasome-dependent degradation in the early G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle.

4.
Stem Cells Dev ; 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35481777

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation is one of the typical events in multiple neurodegenerative diseases, whereas microglia are the critical participants in the pathogenesis of neuroinflammation. Several studies suggest that neural stem cells (NSCs) present immunomodulatory benefits due to their paracrine products, which contain mounting trophic factors. In the current study, the anti-inflammatory effects of neural stem cells secretome (NSC-S) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neuroinflammatory models were evaluated in vivo and the underlying mechanism was further investigated in vitro. It was revealed that NSC-S significantly attenuated the severity of LPS-induced behaviour disorders and inflammatory response in mice. In vitro studies found that NSC-S significantly promoted the polarization of microglia from proinflammatory M1 to anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype, and reduced the production of proinflammatory cytokines while elevated anti-inflammatory cytokines in BV2 cells. NSC-S promoted peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) pathway activation. However, these effects of NSC-S were abrogated by PPAR-γ inhibitor GW9662. Notably, the fatty acid binding protein 5 (FABP5) in NSC-S may mediate PPAR-γ activation and inflammation remission. In summary, NSC-S promotes the regression of LPS-induced microglia-mediated inflammation through the PPAR-γ pathway. This function might be achieved via FABP5.

5.
Small ; 18(19): e2105525, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35398987

RESUMO

With the rapid development of nanotechnology, nanoparticles (NPs) are widely used in all fields of life. Nowadays, NPs have shown extraordinary antimicrobial activities and become one of the most popular strategies to combat antibiotic resistance. Whether they are equally effective in combating bacterial persistence, another important reason leading to antibiotic treatment failure, remains unknown. Persister cells are a small subgroup of phenotypic drug-tolerant cells in an isogenic bacterial population. Here, various types of NPs are used in combination with different antibiotics to destroy persisters. Strikingly, rather than eradicating persister cells, a wide range of NPs promote the formation of bacterial persistence. It is uncovered by PCR, thermogravimetric analysis, intracellular potassium ion staining, and molecular dynamics simulation that the persister promotion effect is achieved through exerting a hyperosmotic pressure around the cells. Moreover, protein mass spectrometry, fluorescence microscope images, and SDS-PAGE indicate NPs can further hijack cell osmotic regulatory circuits by inducing aggregation of outer membrane protein OmpA and OmpC. These findings question the efficacy of using NPs as antimicrobial agents and raise the possibility that widely used NPs may facilitate the global emergence of bacterial antibiotic tolerance.

6.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 23: 100451, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35465044

RESUMO

Background: Social determinants of health (SDOH) produce a broad range of life expectancy (LE) disparities. In China, limited literatures were found to report association between SDOH and LE at ecological level during a consecutive period of time from the spatial perspectives. This study aimed to determine the existence, quantify the magnitude, and interpret the association between SDOH and LE in China. Methods: Provincial-level LE were estimated from mortality records during 2005-2020 from National Mortality Surveillance System in China. A spatial panel Durbin model was used to investigate LE associated SDOH proxies. Spatial spillover effects were introduced to interpret direct and indirect effects caused by SDOH during long-term and short-term period on LE disparities. Findings: Nationwide, LE increased from 73.1 (95% confidence interval (CI): 71.3, 74.4) years to 77.7 (95%CI: 76.5, 78.7) years from 2005 to 2020. Unequally spatial distribution of LE with High-High clustering in coastal areas and Low-Low clustering in western regions were observed. Locally, it was estimated that SDOH proxies statistically significant related to an increase of LE, including GDP (coefficient: 0.02, 95%CI: 0.00, 0.03), Gini index (coefficient: 2.35, 95%CI: 1.82, 2.88), number of beds in health care institutions (coefficient: 0.02, 95%CI: 0.00, 0.05) and natural growth rate of resident population (coefficient: 0.02, 95%CI: 0.01, 0.02). Direct and indirect effects decomposition during long-term and short-term of LE associated SDOH proxies demonstrated that GDP, urbanization rate, unemployment rate, education attainment, Gini index, number of beds in health care institutions, sex ratio, gross dependence ratio and natural growth rate of resident population not only affected local LE, but also exerted spatial spillover effects towards geographical neighbors. Interpretation: Spatial variations of LE existed at provincial-level in China. SDOH regarding socioeconomic development and equity, healthcare resources, as well as population characteristics not only affected LE disparities at local scale but also among nearby provinces. Externalities of policy of those SDOH proxies should be took into consideration to promote health equity nationally. Comprehensive approaches on the basis of population strategy should be consolidated to optimize supportive socioeconomic environment and narrow the regional gap to reduce health disparities and increase LE. Funding: National Key Research & Development Program of China (Grant No.2018YFC1315301); Ministry of Education of China Humanities and Social Science General Program (Grant No.18YJC790138).

7.
China Econ Rev ; : 101800, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35469340

RESUMO

We consider a model of network interactions where the outcome of a unit depends on the outcomes of the connected units. We determine the key network link, i.e., the network link whose removal results in the largest reduction in the aggregate outcomes, and examine a measure that quantifies the contribution of a network link to the aggregate outcomes. We provide an example examining the spread of Covid-19 in China. Travel restrictions were imposed to limit the spread of infectious diseases. As uniform restrictions can be inefficient and incur unnecessarily high costs, we examine the design of restrictions that target specific travel routes. Our approach may be generalized to multiple countries to guide policies during epidemics ranging from ex ante route-specific travel restrictions to ex post health measures based on travel histories, and from the initial travel restrictions to the phased reopening.

8.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(3): e28978, 2022 03 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35323120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telemedicine plays an important role in the management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), particularly during a pandemic such as COVID-19. However, the effectiveness and efficiency of telemedicine in managing IBD are unclear. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to compare the impact of telemedicine with that of standard care on the management of IBD. METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus databases on April 22, 2020. Randomized controlled trials comparing telemedicine with standard care in patients with IBD were included, while conference abstracts, letters, reviews, laboratory studies, and case reports were excluded. The IBD-specific quality of life (QoL), disease activity, and remission rate in patients with IBD were assessed as primary outcomes, and the number of in-person clinic visits per patient, patient satisfaction, psychological outcome, and medication adherence were assessed as secondary outcomes. Review Manage 5.3 and Stata 15.1 were used for data analysis. RESULTS: A total of 17 randomized controlled trials (2571 participants) were included in this meta-analysis. The telemedicine group had higher IBD-specific QoL than the standard care group (standard mean difference 0.18, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.34; P.03). The number of clinic visits per patient in the telemedicine group was significantly lower than that in the standard care group (standard mean difference -0.71, 95% CI -1.07 to -0.36; P<.001). Subgroup analysis showed that adolescents in the telemedicine group had significantly higher IBD-specific QoL than those in the standard care group (standard mean difference 0.42, 95% CI 0.15 to 0.69; I2=0; P.002), but there was no significant difference between adults in the 2 groups. There were no significant differences in disease activity, remission rate, patient satisfaction, depression, self-efficacy, generic QoL, and medication adherence outcomes between the telemedicine and standard care groups. CONCLUSIONS: Telemedicine intervention showed a promising role in improving IBD-specific QoL among adolescents and decreased the number of clinic visits among patients with IBD. Further research is warranted to identify the group of patients with IBD who would most benefit from telemedicine.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Telemedicina , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
9.
Biomater Sci ; 10(8): 1995-2005, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35266929

RESUMO

Photothermal nanoparticles are thought to be the most suitable candidates against infectious disease by disrupting the cell membrane or inhibiting cellular metabolism. However, cells with low-metabolic activity states may be endowed with greater ability against harsh environments including antibiotic treatment. For now, it remains unexplored whether and how photothermal therapy (PTT) gives rise to bacterial antibiotic tolerance. In this study, we showed that although it exhibits excellent bactericidal ability, PTT with typical photothermal nanoparticle gold nanocages (AuNCs) can give rise to a subpopulation of cells with great ability of antibiotic tolerance. The subpopulation exhibits delayed growth and decreased cellular ATP levels, indicating a low metabolic state. Specifically, after AuNCs attach to the surface of a bacterial cell, photothermal manipulation can induce cell membrane shrinkage and block the bacterial respiratory chain. Besides, heat shock induces protein aggregation and leads to the dysfunction of a number of important proteins. The heat shock protein DnaK is closely associated with protein aggregation and plays a vital role in modulating antibiotic tolerance, providing a potential therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Nanopartículas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Ouro , Terapia Fototérmica , Agregados Proteicos
10.
World J Pediatr ; 18(5): 333-342, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35334045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The high risks for childhood respiratory diseases are associated with exposure to ambient air pollution. However, there are few studies that have explored the association between air pollution exposure and respiratory diseases among young children (particularly aged 0-2 years) based on the entire population in a megalopolis. METHODS: Daily hospital admission records were obtained from 54 municipal hospitals in Wuhan city, China. We included all children (aged 0-2 years) hospitalized with respiratory diseases between January 2017 and December 2018. Individual air pollution exposure assessment was used in Land Use Regression model and inverse distance weighted. Case-crossover design and conditional logistic regression models were adopted to estimate the hospitalization risk associated with air pollutants. RESULTS: We identified 62,425 hospitalizations due to respiratory diseases, of which 36,295 were pneumonia. Particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 µm (PM2.5) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) were significantly associated with respiratory diseases and pneumonia. ORs of pneumonia were 1.0179 (95% CI 1.0097-1.0260) for PM2.5 and 1.0131 (95% CI 1.0042-1.0220) for NO2 at lag 0-7 days. Subgroup analysis suggested that NO2, Ozone (O3) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) only showed effects on pneumonia hospitalizations on male patients, but PM2.5 had effects on patients of both genders. Except O3, all pollutants were strongly associated with pneumonia in cold season. In addition, children who aged elder months and who were in central urban areas had a higher hospitalization risk. CONCLUSIONS: Air pollution is associated with higher hospitalization risk for respiratory diseases, especially pneumonia, among young children, and the risk is related to gender, month age, season and residential location.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Pneumonia , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Cross-Over , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/etiologia
11.
Front Oncol ; 12: 780493, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35311149

RESUMO

Super-enhancers (SEs) comprise large clusters of enhancers that highly enhance gene expression. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) tend to be dysregulated in cases of stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) and are vital for balancing tumor immunity. However, whether SE-associated lncRNAs play a role in the immune infiltration of STAD remains unknown. In the present study, we identified SE-associated lncRNAs in the H3K27ac ChIP-seq datasets from 11 tumor tissues and two cell lines. We found that the significantly dysregulated SE-associated lncRNAs were strongly correlated with immune cell infiltration through the application of six algorithms (ImmuncellAI, CIBERSORT, EPIC, quantiSeq, TIMER, and xCELL), as well as immunomodulators and chemokines. We found that the expression of SE-associated lncRNA TM4SF1-AS1 was negatively correlated with the proportion of CD8+ T cells present in STAD. TM4SF1-AS1 suppresses T cell-mediated immune killing function and predicts immune response to anti-PD1 therapy. ChIP-seq, Hi-C and luciferase assay results verified that TM4SF1-AS1 was regulated by its super-enhancer. RNA-seq data showed that TM4SF1-AS1 is involved in immune and cancer-related processes or pathways. In conclusion, SE-associated lncRNAs are involved in the tumor immune microenvironment and act as indicators of clinical outcomes in STAD. This study highlights the importance of SE-associated lncRNAs in the immune regulation of STAD.

12.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 823732, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35295327

RESUMO

Sleep deprivation is commonplace in modern society, Short periods of continuous sleep deprivation (SD) may negatively affect brain and behavioral function and may lead to vehicle accidents and medical errors. Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA) is an important lipid-soluble component of Salvia miltiorrhiza, which could exert neuroprotective effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of neuroprotective effect of Tan IIA on acute sleep deprivation-induced cognitive dysfunction in rats. Tan IIA ameliorated behavioral abnormalities in sleep deprived rats, enhanced behavioral performance in WMW and NOR experiments, increased hippocampal dendritic spine density, and attenuated atrophic loss of hippocampal neurons. Tan IIA enhanced the expression of CB1, PI3K, AKT, STAT3 in rat hippocampus and down-regulated the expression ratio of Bax to Bcl-2. These effects were inhibited by cannabinoid receptor 1 antagonist (AM251). In conclusion, Tan IIA can play a neuroprotective role by activating the CNR1/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway to antagonize apoptosis in the hippocampus and improve sleep deprivation-induced spatial recognition and learning memory dysfunction in rats. Our study suggests that Tan IIA may be a candidate for the prevention of sleep deprivation-induced dysfunction in spatial recognition and learning memory.

13.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 814828, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35295780

RESUMO

Background: The highly heterogeneous pathogenesis of depression and limited response to current antidepressants call for more objective evidence for depression subtypes. Reactive and endogenous depression are two etiologically distinct subtypes associated with different treatment responses. This study aims to explore the potential biomarkers that differentiate reactive and endogenous depressions. Methods: The clinical manifestations and biological indicators of 64 unmedicated mild-to-moderate depression patients (32 reactive depression patients and 32 endogenous depression patients) and 21 healthy subjects were observed. The 24-item Hamilton rating scale for depression (HAMD-24) was used to evaluate the severity of depression. Serum levels of depression-related biological indicators were measured by using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: The NLRP3 level of reactive depression was significantly lower than those of endogenous depression and healthy controls. There was a significant negative correlation between the BDNF level and the HAMD-24 total scores for patients with reactive depression. Conclusion: Our findings suggested the serum NLRP3 and BDNF levels could be potential biomarkers for detecting and evaluating the severity of reactive depression.

14.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 857706, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35330825

RESUMO

As a prevalent medicinal liquor among Chinese people, a type of Chinese herbal spirit from Jing Brand Co., Ltd (CHS-J) is a newly developed health beverage with the health functions of anti-fatigue and immune enhancement. The researchers from the enterprise found that the contents of several components in CHS-J samples have been significantly decreasing during the stated storage period, as detected by the HPLC-UV method, which would make a great challenge for quality control of CHS-J. Furthermore, the chemical stability of CHS-J during the storage period is greatly challenged affected, especially in the environment of high temperature and light exposure. To systematically reveal the unstable components and promote the quality control of CHS-J, the chemical stability of CHS-J during the shelving storage period was characterized by the UPLC/Q-TOFMS-based metabolomics approach. First, the targeted and untargeted metabolomics approaches discovered the significantly changed components in CHS-J samples produced in different years. Furthermore, the accelerated tests of newly produced CHS samples and several authorized standards were conducted to validate the above results and elucidate the possible mechanisms underlying these chemical changes. Moreover, these chemical changes during the storage period had little influence on the anti-fatigue effect of CHS-J samples. These findings will offer new insight into the understanding of the chemical stability of CHS-J and will facilitate the quality control of CHS-J.

15.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 28(2): 65-69, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35139493

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a type of liver failure commonly found in China, and currently the mechanism of the disease remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiology, clinical features and prognostic factors in ACLF. METHODS: This study retrospectively included 170 patients with ACLF admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital in Beijing, China from November 2017 to May 2019. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the improved group and the deteriorated group, according to the severity of their disease. Patients' demographic data; clinical manifestations; complications; laboratory indicators including platelets (PLT), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate amino transferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin activity (PTA), international normalized ratio (INR), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were collected. The relationship between these factors and the patients' prognosis were analyzed by logistic multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS: The highest morbidity rate was in the age group 40 to 49 years (29.41%). The age group with the second highest morbidity was between 50 and 59 years (25.29%), followed by >60 (21.18%), 30 to 39 (20.59%), 20 to 29 (2.94%) and <20 years (0.59%). A total of 53 patients (31.18%) had a family history of hepatitis B virus infection. The patients' main clinical manifestations were ascites (77.65%) and weakness (68.23%). The most common complications were hypoalbuminemia (80%), infection (67.65%) and electrolyte imbalance (44.12%). In addition, the PTA (P = .009), hepatorenal syndrome (P = .005) and hepatic encephalopathy (level IV) (P = .005) were independently related to the prognosis of ACLF. There is a significant relationship between complications and prognosis (χ2 = 8.502; P = .004). CONCLUSION: This study showed that prothrombin activity, hepatorenal syndrome and hepatic encephalopathy were independently related to the prognosis of ACLF. This outcome provided more options for reducing patient mortality in clinic.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Cancer Cell Int ; 22(1): 90, 2022 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35189899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a severe disease with high mortality, and is associated with poor prognosis and frequent lymphatic metastasis. Therefore, prognostic indicators for ESCC are urgently needed. A-kinase anchor-protein 8-like (AKAP8L) is a member of the A kinase anchor-protein (AKAPs) family and is overexpressed in many cancers. However, the role of AKAP8L in ESCC remains unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the expression patterns and prognostic value of AKAP8L in ESCC. METHODS: The mRNA expression of AKAP8L was analyzed from the dataset of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Immunohistochemistry was applied to detect the AKAP8L expression in tissue microarray. Pearson's chi-square test was carried out for the correlation analysis of clinicopathological features and AKAP8L expression. The prognostic significance of clinicopathological features and AKAP8L expression was determined by univariate and multivariate Cox hazard models. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used for survival analysis. RESULTS: We found that the mRNA level of AKAP8L was higher in tumor tissues than in adjacent tissues in TCGA and GEO dataset. High AKAP8L expression was associated with poor overall survival (OS) in ESCC patients (p = 0.0039). Besides, AKAP8L expression was highly expressed in patients with lymph node metastasis detected by ESCC tissue microarray (p = 0.0014). The comparison of the different clinicopathological features of ESCC between high and low AKAP8L expression groups revealed that high AKAP8L expression was related to lymph node stage (p = 0.041). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that high AKAP8L expression indicates an unfavorable progression-free survival (PFS) and OS in ESCC patients (p < 0.0001). Univariate and multivariate analyses confirmed that AKAP8L was an independent prognostic factor for PFS and OS in ESCC (p = 0.003 and p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, this study demonstrated that high expression of AKAP8L is associated with poor prognosis of ESCC and can be considered an independent risk factor for ESCC.

17.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 32(4): 948-956, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35067446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The association between the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk is unknown. We aimed to evaluate whether eGFR can be used as a predictor in ASCVD risk assessment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using baseline data from 28,187 participants from Shanghai Suburban Adult Cohort and Biobank study, we adopted Pooled Cohort Equations (PCEs) and Prediction for ASCVD Risk in China (China-PAR) to estimate 10-year ASCVD risk. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between 10-year ASCVD risk and eGFR. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate predictive value of eGFR for 10-year high ASCVD risk. Compared with normal eGFR, both men and women with reduced eGFR had a higher prevalence of ASCVD risk factors. With the decrease of eGFR level, the median of 10-year ASCVD risk gradually increased. For men, the adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval (CI)) of 10-year high ASCVD risk by PCEs associated with eGFR (60-74 and <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) were 1.52 (95%CI:1.17-1.99) and 2.51 (95%CI:1.27-4.97). The corresponding result was significant only for eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2, OR of 1.57 (1.14-2.18) for women. Using China-PAR, the adjusted OR of 10-year high risk associated with eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 was 1.82 (1.40-2.38) in men. ROC indicated that eGFR has a good predictive value for 10-year high ASCVD risk. CONCLUSION: eGFR may be an important risk factor in predicting and stratifying ASCVD risk. Consideration should be given to integrating eGFR into existing risk assessment tools to improve predictive performance.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Adulto , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
18.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 271: 120912, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35074674

RESUMO

Rapid detection of mercaptans in materials and the environment is of great help to material analysis and pollutant monitoring. Gold (Au) shows a high affinity to mercaptans. The coordination and steric effect of mercaptans to Au may be used for the development of new fluorescent sensors. It is possible to distinguish simple mercaptans (such as, HS-, thioglycolic acid) from glutathione (GSH) using Au as a coordinator of dye. Herein, a water-soluble fluorescent sensor of an imidazole conjugated 4,4-difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (BODIPY) derivative (BIM) was characterized by spectroscopic methods. BIM showed a large Stokes shift and high affinity to metals. Especially, Au-combined BIM produced a new complex BIMAu showing improved fluorescence emission, which can be quenched by thioglycolic acid and sodium hydrosulfide, but less affected by GSH. The detection limit of thioglycolic acid was 0.014 µM. Both NaSH and thioglycolic acid coordinated with BIMAu, while GSH took Au3+ away from BIMAu. These results indicate that the gold coordination competition between imidazole-substituted dyes and mercaptans is a good method for the development of new fluorescence chemosensors.


Assuntos
Ouro , Compostos de Sulfidrila , Compostos de Boro/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Imidazóis
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35055839

RESUMO

(1) Introduction: The available studies on the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and menopause report conflicting results. (2) Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association of menopausal status, age at menopause, and length of the reproductive period with T2DM. (3) Methods: This cross-sectional study is part of the 'China Eastern Cohort Study', which is a community-based cohort study. Multistage, stratified, clustered sampling was used to recruit the study participants in Shanghai, China. Age at menarche and menopause was recorded, and reproductive period was calculated. Weighted logistic regression was used to calculate the prevalence ratios (PRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of T2DM. Restricted cubic splines were used to assess the relationship between age at menopause, reproductive period, and T2DM. (4) Results: A total of 20,128 women were included. The prevalence of T2DM was 13.7%. Postmenopausal women exhibited a higher prevalence of T2DM than premenopausal women (p < 0.001) and an unfavorable metabolic profile, including higher body mass index, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. A higher risk of T2DM was observed in postmenopausal women (PR2.12, 95%CI: 1.79-2.51, p < 0.001) compared with premenopausal women, independently of confounding factors. After adjustment for confounding factors, age at menopause and reproductive period were not significantly associated with T2DM. (5) Conclusions: Postmenopausal status is associated with T2DM, while menopausal age and reproductive period are not associated with T2DM. Menopausal status should be considered during T2DM screening.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Fatores Etários , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Menopausa , Fatores de Risco
20.
Oncol Lett ; 23(2): 41, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34976153

RESUMO

ETS variant transcription factor 4 (ETV4) is a common cancer-promoting transcription factor and its expression has been found to be significantly upregulated in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), as determined via analysis of the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) database. In addition, our previous study demonstrated that ETV4 expression was highly positively correlated with epithelial membrane protein 1 (EMP1). The present study aimed to determine whether ETV4 could influence the activation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway to affect the autophagy and apoptosis of GBM cells by regulating the transcriptional activity of EMP1. In addition to the analysis of the GEPIA database, the expression levels of ETV4 were also investigated in several different GBM cell lines. After interfering with the expression of ETV4, western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of autophagy- and apoptosis-related proteins, and a TUNEL assay was used to detect the levels of cell apoptosis. Dual luciferase reporter and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays were used to verify the potential binding site of ETV4 on EMP1. Western blotting was also used to analyze the expression levels of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway-related proteins. The results of the current study revealed that the expression levels of ETV4 were significantly upregulated in GBM cell lines compared with those in normal glial cells. In the GBM cell line, LN-229, ETV4 was discovered to bind to the EMP1 promoter and positively regulate the expression of EMP1. The knockdown of ETV4 expression inhibited the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway activity to promote autophagy and apoptosis, and this effect could be partially reversed by overexpressing EMP1. In conclusion, these findings indicated that the knockdown of ETV4 in GBM cells may reduce the transcriptional activation of EMP1 and thereby inhibit PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway activity to promote autophagy and apoptosis. This provides a novel insight into potential strategies for the treatment of GBM via the induction of autophagy-dependent apoptosis.

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