Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 72
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Oncol Rep ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789411

RESUMO

Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunit α5 (α5­nAChR) is involved in tumor cell proliferation, inhibition of apoptosis, progression of metastasis, and induction of angiogenesis in certain solid tumors. However, the role of α5­nAChR in prostate cancer cell growth and metastasis is unclear. In the present study, the role of α5­nAChR in cell proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis was investigated by silencing the expression levels of α5­nAChR in the prostate cancer cell lines DU145 and PC3. A siRNA oligonucleotide targeting α5­nAChR was designed. The cell proliferation of DU145 and PC3 cell lines was analyzed by the Cell Counting Kit­8 (CCK­8) assay. Cell migratory and invasive activities were determined using wound healing and Transwell assays, respectively. Western blot analysis was used to quantify α5­nAChR, p­AKT and p­ERK1/2 levels in DU145 and PC3 cells. Knockdown of α5­nAChR was associated with decreased cell proliferation, migration, invasion and increased apoptosis. In addition, decreased phosphorylation levels of AKT and ERK1/2 were revealed following α5­nAChR knockdown in DU145 and PC3 cells compared with those observed in the scramble control samples. The expression levels of the apoptosis­related proteins were altered following silencing of α5­nAChR. In summary, the data indicated that α5­nAChR was involved in the proliferation and invasion of human prostate cancer cells.

2.
Anal Chem ; 91(23): 14936-14942, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670502

RESUMO

Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) is a well-established method for studying macromolecular interactions and conformational changes within proteins. Such a method normally uses fluorescent proteins or chemical-labeling methods which are often only accessible to surface-exposed residues and risk-disturbing target protein structures. Here, we demonstrate that the genetic incorporation of a synthetic fluorescent amino acid, L-(7-hydroxycoumarin-4-yl) ethylglycine (Cou) and natural endogenous fluorophore Tryptophan (Trp) residues of a protein could serve as an efficient FRET pair to monitor protein interactions, using the signaling transducer ß-arrestin-1 as a model system. We used this technology to record the dynamic spectra in both binding and competition experiments of ß-arrestin-1, the contribution of each specific phosphate in ternary complex formation, in a rapid and efficient manner. The determined Kd value for the association between the active arrestin and Fab30 is 0.68 µM in the three-component interaction system. Moreover, we were able to determine the contributions of the site 3 phospho-site and the site 6 phospho-site binding, each contributing to the high affinity ternary complex assembly as 2.7 fold and 15.5 fold, respectively, which were never determined before. These results thus highlighted the potential usage of this new method in measurement of the allosteric-induced enhanced affinity with small amount proteins and in a fast manner and in a complex system. Collectively, our newly developed Trp:Cou FRET system based on genetic expansion technology has extended the molecular toolboxes available for biochemical and structural biology studies.

3.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 491, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plant architecture, which is mostly determined by shoot branching, plays an important role in plant growth and development. Thus, it is essential to explore the regulatory molecular mechanism of branching patterns based on the economic and ecological importance. In our previous work, a multiple-branches birch mutant br was identified from 19 CINNAMOYL-COENZYME A REDUCTASE 1 (CCR1)-overexpressed transgenic lines, and the expression patterns of differentially expressed genes in br were analyzed. In this study, we further explored some other characteristics of br, including plant architecture, wood properties, photosynthetic characteristics, and IAA and Zeatin contents. Meanwhile, the T-DNA insertion sites caused by the insertion of exogenous BpCCR1 in br were identified to explain the causes of the mutation phenotypes. RESULTS: The mutant br exhibited slower growth, more abundant and weaker branches, and lower wood basic density and lignin content than BpCCR1 transgenic line (OE2) and wild type (WT). Compared to WT and OE2, br had high stomatal conductance (Gs), transpiration rate (Tr), but a low non-photochemical quenching coefficient (NPQ) and chlorophyll content. In addition, br displayed an equal IAA and Zeatin content ratio of main branches' apical buds to lateral branches' apical buds and high ratio of Zeatin to IAA content. Two T-DNA insertion sites caused by the insertion of exogenous BpCCR1 in br genome were found. On one site, chromosome 2 (Chr2), no known gene was detected on the flanking sequence. The other site was on Chr5, with an insertion of 388 bp T-DNA sequence, resulting in deletion of 107 bp 5' untranslated region (UTR) and 264 bp coding sequence (CDS) on CORONATINE INSENSITIVE 1 (BpCOII). In comparison with OE2 and WT, BpCOI1 was down-regulated in br, and the sensitivity of br to Methyl Jasmonate (MeJA) was abnormal. CONCLUSIONS: Plant architecture, wood properties, photosynthetic characteristics, and IAA and Zeatin contents in main and lateral branches' apical buds changed in br over the study's time period. One T-DNA insertion was identified on the first exon of BpCOI1, which resulted in the reduction of BpCOI1 expression and abnormal perception to MeJA in br. These mutation phenotypes might be associated with a partial loss of BpCOI1 in birch.

4.
FASEB J ; 33(9): 10393-10408, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31233346

RESUMO

Isorhynchophylline (IRN), an oxindole alkaloid isolated from Uncaria rhynchophylla, elicited distinct antidepressant-like activity in mice. The present study aimed to investigate the antidepressant-like effects of IRN in chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)-induced depressive-like behaviors in mice and to illustrate its possible mechanisms of action. The mice were subjected to CUMS for 6 wk and administered with IRN (20 or 40 mg/kg) daily by oral gavage for 3 wk. The PI3K/protein kinase B (Akt) inhibitor and glycogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK-3ß) inhibitors were used to determine the involvement of the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3ß pathway in the antidepressant-like effects of IRN in the mice. The results showed that CUMS caused depression-like behaviors in the mice, such as behavioral despair by the forced swim test (FST) and anhedonia by the sucrose preference test. In addition, CUMS could significantly reduce the levels of nerve growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor but markedly increase the release of TNF-α and IL-6 in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of the mice. Western blotting analysis showed that CUMS markedly suppressed the levels of phosphorylated GSK-3ß (Ser9) and phosphorylated Akt (Ser473) but significantly enhanced the translocation of NF-κB p65 from cytosol to nuclei in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of the mice. CUMS could also significantly increase the NF-κB binding activity in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of the mice, whereas IRN treatment could significantly reverse the behavioral and biochemical changes induced by CUMS in the mice. Moreover, the antidepressant-like effect of IRN was completely abolished by the PI3K/Akt inhibitor. Combination treatment with IRN and GSK-3ß inhibitors in the mice exerted a synergistic anti-immobility action in the FST. The results of mechanistic investigations indicated that the antidepressant-like action of IRN was mediated, at least in part, by enhancing neurotrophins and attenuating neuroinflammation via modulating the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3ß pathway.-Xian, Y.-F., Ip, S.-P., Li, H.-Q., Qu, C., Su, Z.-R., Chen, J.-N., Lin, Z.-X. Isorhynchophylline exerts antidepressant-like effects in mice via modulating neuroinflammation and neurotrophins: involvement of the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3ß signaling pathway.

5.
Structure ; 27(7): 1162-1170.e3, 2019 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31080119

RESUMO

Arrestins, in addition to desensitizing GPCR-induced G protein activation, also mediate G protein-independent signaling by interacting with various signaling proteins. Among these, arrestins regulate MAPK signal transduction by scaffolding mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling components such as MAPKKK, MAPKK, and MAPK. In this study, we investigated the binding mode and interfaces between arrestin-3 and JNK3 using hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry, 19F-NMR, and tryptophan-induced Atto 655 fluorescence-quenching techniques. Results suggested that the ß1 strand of arrestin-3 is the major and potentially only interaction site with JNK3. The results also suggested that C-lobe regions near the activation loop of JNK3 form the potential binding interface, which is variable depending on the ATP binding status. Because the ß1 strand of arrestin-3 is buried by the C-terminal strand in its basal state, C-terminal truncation (i.e., pre-activation) of arrestin-3 facilitates the arrestin-3/JNK3 interaction.

6.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 114: 108766, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30901719

RESUMO

Brucea javanica is an important Chinese folk medicine traditionally used for the treatment of dysentery (also known as inflammatory bowel diseases). Brucea javanica oil emulsion (BJOE), the most common preparation of Brucea javanica, has a variety of pharmacological activities. In this follow-up investigation, we endeavored to illuminate the potential benefit of BJOE on 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced Crohn's disease (CD) in rats and decipher the mechanism of action. The result illustrated that BJOE treatment significantly reduced the body weight loss, disease activity index and macroscopic scores, ameliorated shortening of colon length, arrested colonic histopathological deteriorations, lowered the histological scores in parallel to the model group. Furthermore, BJOE also decreased the levels of MPO and pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-17, IL-23 and IFN-γ), and increased the levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-4, IL-10 and TGF-ß) as compared with the model group. In addition, the elevated mRNA expression of MMP-1, MMP-3 and RAGE induced by TNBS was remarkably inhibited by BJOE, SASP or AZA treatments, while the mRNA expression of PPAR-γ was significantly enhanced. Furthermore, the activation of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway was significantly inhibited by AZA and BJOE treatment when compared with that of TNBS-treated rats. Our study suggested that BJOE exerted superior therapeutic effect to SASP and AZA in treating TNBS-induced colitis in rats. The protective effect of BJOE may involve the inhibition of the TLR4/NF-κB-mediated inflammatory responses. These results indicated that BJOE held promising potential to be further developed into a novel candidate for the treatment of CD.


Assuntos
Brucea/química , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Emulsões/farmacologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Animais , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo/metabolismo , Doença de Crohn/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
7.
J Neurochem ; 148(4): 550-560, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30451284

RESUMO

Protein Phosphatase Mg2+ /Mn2+ -Dependent 1K (PPM1K),also named as PP2Cm or branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex phosphatase, is a member of the metal-dependent phosphatase family and an important metabolic regulator. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in PPM1K contributing to protein functional defects have been found to be associated with numerous human diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, maple syrup urine disease, type 2 diabetes, and neurological disease. PPM1K N94K is an identified missense mutant produced by one of the SNPs in the human PPM1K coding sequence. However, the effects of the N94K mutant on its activity and structural property have not been defined. Here, we performed a detailed enzymological study using steady-state kinetics in the presence of pNPP or phospho-peptide substrates and crystallographic analyses of the wild-type and N94K PPM1K. The PPM1K-N94K significantly impaired its Mg2+ -dependent catalytic activity and structural analysis demonstrated that the N94K mutation induced a conformational change in the key residue in coordinating the Mg2+ in the active site. Specifically, three Mg2+ were located in the active site of the PPM1K N94K instead of two Mg2+ in the PPM1K wild type. Therefore, our results provide a structure basis for the metal ion-dependent PPM1K-N94K phosphatase activity.


Assuntos
Proteína Fosfatase 2C/química , Proteína Fosfatase 2C/genética , Biocatálise , Humanos , Mutação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
8.
Oncogene ; 38(14): 2516-2532, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30531834

RESUMO

p53, circRNAs and miRNAs are important components of the regulatory network that activates the EMT program in cancer metastasis. In prostate cancer (PCa), however, it has not been investigated whether and how p53 regulates EMT by circRNAs and miRNAs. Here we show that a Amotl1-derived circRNA, termed circAMOTL1L, is downregulated in human PCa, and that decreased circAMOTL1L facilitates PCa cell migration and invasion through downregulating E-cadherin and upregulating vimentin, thus leading to EMT and PCa progression. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that circAMOTL1L serves as a sponge for binding miR-193a-5p in PCa cells, relieving miR-193a-5p repression of Pcdha gene cluster (a subset of the cadherin superfamily members). Accordingly, dysregulation of the circAMOTL1L-miR-193a-5p-Pcdha8 regulatory pathway mediated by circAMOTL1L downregulation contributes to PCa growth in vivo. Further, we show that RBM25 binds directly to circAMOTL1L and induces its biogenesis, whereas p53 regulates EMT via direct activation of RBM25 gene. These findings have linked p53/RBM25-mediated circAMOTL1L-miR-193a-5p-Pcdha regulatory axis to EMT in metastatic progression of PCa. Targeting this newly identified regulatory axis provides a potential therapeutic strategy for aggressive PCa.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Membrana/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Idoso , Caderinas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células PC-3 , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética , Vimentina/genética
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(19): 3811-3821, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453703

RESUMO

Usnic acid and its derivatives, a group of organic molecules with great importance, are characteristic to lichens, possessing pharmacological activities such as anti-virus, anti-bacteria, anti-humor, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anaesthetic effects. Many of them have been widely used as medicine, but also bring side effects such as dermatitis and liver damages. In the past decades, great efforts by isolation, organic synthesis, and structure modification methods were put on discovery of UA derivatives with higher biological activities or less side effects. This paper describes herein the most progress on natural sources, isolation and structure elucidation, structural characteristics, synthesis and modification results, pharmacological activities and toxicities of UA and its derivatives, hopefully to provide valuable reference for further research.


Assuntos
Benzofuranos/química , Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Líquens/química , Produtos Biológicos
10.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 64: 264-274, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30218953

RESUMO

Brusatol is a main bioactive component derived from the Chinese medicinal plant Brucea javanica, which is traditionally used for the treatment of dysentery (also known as ulcerative colitis, UC). Previously, we have designed a novel brusatol self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (BR-SMEDDS) to increase its solubility and bioavailability, and enhance its bioactivities. In the present study, we established 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis rat model in vivo and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages in vitro, to investigate the potential anti-inflammatory effect and underlying mechanism of BR-SMEDDS. Disease activity index (DAI) including body weight, stool consistency and gross bleeding was measured. Macroscopic and histological evaluations of colons were conducted. Relevant molecular events were determined by ELISA, qRT-PCR, immunohistochemistry or Western blotting. The results showed that BR notably inhibited the productions of TNF-α, pro-IL-1ß, PGE2 and NO, and suppressed the NF-κB signaling pathway in LPS-stimulated macrophages. In parallel with the vitro experimental results, BR significantly attenuated diarrhea, colonic shortening, macroscopic damage and histological injury. BR treatment also increased the levels of TGF-ß and IL-4, decreased the contents of IL-1ß and IL-18, and elevated the levels of CAT, GSH and SOD in the colons. Furthermore, BR also markedly activated the Nrf2 expression and suppressed the NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Taken together, the anti-UC effect of BR might be intimately associated with the suppression of NF-κB and NLRP3-mediated inflammatory responses, and regulation of Nrf2-mediated oxidative stress. BR might have the potential to be further developed into a promising therapeutic agent for colitis treatment.


Assuntos
Colite/tratamento farmacológico , NF-kappa B/fisiologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/fisiologia , Quassinas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Colite/imunologia , Colo/patologia , Citocinas/análise , Masculino , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/fisiologia , NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/antagonistas & inibidores , Estresse Oxidativo , Quassinas/uso terapêutico , Células RAW 264.7 , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ácido Trinitrobenzenossulfônico/toxicidade
11.
Pharmacol Res ; 137: 34-46, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30243842

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), majorly include Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is chronic and relapsing inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, which treatment options remain limited. Here we examined the therapeutic effects of an isoquinoline alkaloid, Palmatine (Pal), on mice experimental colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) and explored underlying mechanisms. Colitis was induced in BALB/c mice by administering 3% DSS in drinking water for 7 days. Pal (50 and 100 mg kg-1) and the positive drug Sulfasalazine (SASP, 200 mg kg-1) were orally administered for 7 days. Disease activity index (DAI) was evaluated on day 8, and colonic tissues were collected for biochemistry analysis. The fecal microbiota was characterized by high-throughput Illumina MiSeq sequencing. And plasma metabolic changes were detected by UPLC-MS. Our results showed that Pal treatment significantly reduced DAI scores and ameliorated colonic injury in mice with DSS-induced colitis. Mucosal integrity was improved and cell apoptosis was inhibited. Moreover, gut microbiota analysis showed that mice received Pal-treatment have higher relative abundance of Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes, but reduced amount of Proteobacteria. Moreover, Pal not only suppressed tryptophan catabolism in plasma, but also decreased the protein expression of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO-1, the rate-limiting enzyme of tryptophan catabolism) in colon tissue. This is consolidated by molecular docking, which suggested that Pal is a potent IDO-1 inhibitor. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that Pal ameliorated DSS-induced colitis by mitigating colonic injury, preventing gut microbiota dysbiosis, and regulating tryptophan catabolism, which indicated that Pal has great therapeutic potential for colitis.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Alcaloides de Berberina/farmacologia , Alcaloides de Berberina/uso terapêutico , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Triptofano/metabolismo , Animais , Colite/metabolismo , Colite/microbiologia , Colite/patologia , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo/metabolismo , Colo/patologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Mucinas/genética , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/genética
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30258467

RESUMO

Realgar and indigo naturalis are clinically combined to treat varieties of leukemia. Exploring the drug-drug interactions might be beneficial to find active substances and develop new targeted drugs. This study aimed at exploring the change of arsenic concentration in mice and across MDCK-MDR1 cells and the cytotoxicity on K562 cells when realgar and indigo naturalis were combined. In the presence or absence of indigo naturalis, pharmacokinetics and cell-based permeability assays were used to evaluate the change of arsenic concentration, and K562 cell line was applied to evaluate the change of cytotoxicity. The drug concentration-time profiles exhibited that the combination medication group generated higher AUC, thalf, and longer MRT for arsenic, compared with the single administration of realgar. The apparent permeability coefficients (Papp) of bidirectional transport in MDCK-MDR1 cell permeability experiments showed that arsenic permeability obviously went up when indigo naturalis was incubated together. The combination medication significantly decreased the cell viability of K562 cells when both the concentration of realgar and the concentration of indigo naturalis were nontoxic. The pharmacokinetic research, the MDCK-MDR1 based permeability study, and the K562 cytotoxicity study were united together to verify the combination medication of realgar and indigo naturalis enhanced the absorption and the permeability across cells for arsenic and effectively inhibited the proliferation of K562 cell line. The molecular binding of As4S4 and indirubin was analyzed by computational study. It is predicted that the formation of the complex [As4S4 …Indirubin] involves noncovalent interaction that changes the concentration of arsenic.

13.
Nat Chem Biol ; 14(9): 876-886, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30120361

RESUMO

Signals from 800 G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) to many SH3 domain-containing proteins (SH3-CPs) regulate important physiological functions. These GPCRs may share a common pathway by signaling to SH3-CPs via agonist-dependent arrestin recruitment rather than through direct interactions. In the present study, 19F-NMR and cellular studies revealed that downstream of GPCR activation engagement of the receptor-phospho-tail with arrestin allosterically regulates the specific conformational states and functional outcomes of remote ß-arrestin 1 proline regions (PRs). The observed NMR chemical shifts of arrestin PRs were consistent with the intrinsic efficacy and specificity of SH3 domain recruitment, which was controlled by defined propagation pathways. Moreover, in vitro reconstitution experiments and biophysical results showed that the receptor-arrestin complex promoted SRC kinase activity through an allosteric mechanism. Thus, allosteric regulation of the conformational states of ß-arrestin 1 PRs by GPCRs and the allosteric activation of downstream effectors by arrestin are two important mechanisms underlying GPCR-to-SH3-CP signaling.


Assuntos
Regulação Alostérica , Arrestina/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Domínios de Homologia de src , Células Cultivadas , Células HEK293 , Humanos
14.
J Dig Dis ; 19(4): 204-214, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29675866

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety following endoscopic management of Zenker's diverticulum (ZD) using a needle-knife technique. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane library databases was performed. All original studies reporting efficacy and safety of needle-knife technique for treatment of ZD were included. Pooled event rates across studies were expressed with summative statistics. Main outcomes, such as rates of immediate symptomatic response (ISR), adverse events and recurrence, were extracted, pooled and analyzed. Heterogeneity among studies was assessed using the R statistic. The random effects model was used and results were expressed with forest plots and summative statistics. RESULTS: Thirteen studies included 589 patients were enrolled. Pooled event rates for ISR, overall complication, bleeding and perforation were 88% (95% confidence interval [CI] 79-94%), 13% (95% CI 8-22%), 5% (95% CI 3-10%) and 7% (95% CI 4-12%), respectively. The pooled data demonstrated an overall recurrence rate of 14% (95% CI 9-21%). Diverticulum size of at least 4 cm and less than 4 cm demonstrated pooled adverse event rates of 17% (95% CI 10-27%) and 7% (95% CI 2-18%), respectively. When using diverticuloscope as an accessory, pooled ISR and adverse events rates were 84% (95% CI 58-95%) and 10% (95% CI 3-26%), respectively. CONCLUSION: Flexible endoscopic procedures using needle-knife offers a relatively safe and effective treatment of symptomatic ZD, especially for ZD of <4 cm in diameter.


Assuntos
Endoscopia/métodos , Divertículo de Zenker/cirurgia , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Agulhas , Recidiva , Divertículo de Zenker/patologia
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(17): e0474, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29703003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The endometrial carcinoma (EC) is the most frequently occurring female genital cancer. The authors performed this network meta-analysis to compare operative time and the incidence of bowel injury and wound infection of 3 operative approaches (laparoscopy, laparotomy, and laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy [LAVH]) in the treatment of EC. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase databases were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for EC from the day of databases establishment to February 2017 were included. Direct and indirect evidences were combined to calculate the combined weighted mean difference (WMD) or odd ratio values and the surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) value of 3 operative approaches in the treatment of EC. RESULTS: A total of 9 qualified RCTs were included into the study. The results showed that laparotomy had a shorter-operative time than LAVH (WMD = -40.36, 95% confidence interval = -75.03 to -2.57). However, there was no significant difference in the incidence of bowel injury and wound infection among 3 operative approaches. Besides, the SUCRA values indicated that laparotomy had the shortest operative time but the incidence of bowel injury and wound infection was relatively higher. CONCLUSION: The results from this study indicate that laparotomy had highest incidence of bowel injury and wound infection but shortest operative time among 3 operative approaches in the treatment of EC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Histerectomia/métodos , Histeroscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia Vaginal/métodos , Intestinos/lesões , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
16.
PLoS One ; 13(3): e0194069, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29538417

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic relapsing disease without satisfactory treatments, in which intestinal inflammation and disrupted intestinal epithelial barrier are two main pathogeneses triggering UC. Berberrubine (BB) is deemed as one of the major active metabolite of berberine (BBR), a naturally-occurring isoquinoline alkaloid with appreciable anti-UC effect. This study aimed to comparatively investigate the therapeutic effects of BB and BBR on dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced mouse colitis model, and explore the potential underlying mechanism. Results revealed that BB (20 mg/kg) produced a comparable therapeutic effect as BBR (50 mg/kg) and positive control sulfasalazine (200 mg/kg) by significantly reducing the disease activity index (DAI) with prolonged colon length and increased bodyweight as compared with the DSS group. BB treatment was shown to significantly ameliorate the DSS-induced colonic pathological alternations and decreased histological scores. In addition, BB markedly attenuated colonic inflammation by alleviating inflammatory cell infiltration and inhibiting myeloperoxidase (MPO) and cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-4 and IL-10) productions in DSS mice. Furthermore, BB treatment substantially upregulated the expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins (zonula occludens-1, zonula occludens-2, claudin-1, occludin) and mRNA expression of mucins (mucin-1 and mucin-2), and decreased the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. In summary, BB exerted similar effect to its analogue BBR and positive control in attenuating DSS-induced UC with much lower dosage and similar mechanism. The protective effect observed may be intimately associated with maintaining the integrity of the intestinal mucosal barrier and mitigating intestinal inflammation, which were mediated at least partially, via favorable modulation of TJ proteins and mucins and inhibition of inflammatory mediators productions in the colonic tissue. This is the first report to demonstrate that BB possesses pronounced anti-UC effect similar to BBR and sulfasalazine with much smaller dosage. BB might have the potential to be further developed into a promising therapeutic option in the treatment of UC.


Assuntos
Berberina/análogos & derivados , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Berberina/farmacologia , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/metabolismo , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo
17.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 36(1): 178, 2017 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29216925

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Docetaxel-based chemotherapy failure in advanced prostate carcinoma has partly been attributed to the resistance of prostate cancer (PC) cells to docetaxel-induced apoptosis. Hence, there is an urgent need to identify mechanisms of docetaxel chemoresistance and to develop new combination therapies. METHODS: miR-193a-5p level was evaluated by qPCR in prostate tissues and cell lines, and its expression in the tissues was also examined by in situ hybridization. PC cell line (PC3 cell) was transfected with miR-193a-5p mimic or its inhibitor, and then cell apoptosis and the expression of its downstream genes Bach2 and HO-1 were detected by TUNEL staining and Western blotting. Luciferase reporter assay was used to detect the effect of miR-193a-5p and Bach2 on HO-1 expression. Xenograft animal model was used to test the effect of miR-193a-5p and docetaxel on PC3 xenograft growth. RESULTS: miR-193a-5p was upregulated in PC tissues and PC cell lines, with significant suppression of PC3 cell apoptosis induced by oxidative stress. Mechanistically, miR-193a-5p suppressed the expression of Bach2, a repressor of the HO-1 gene, by directly targeting the Bach2 mRNA 3'-UTR. Docetaxel treatment modestly decreased Bach2 expression and increased HO-1 level in PC3 cells, whereas a modest increase of HO-1 facilitated docetaxel-induced apoptosis. Notably, docetaxel-induced miR-193a-5p upregulation, which in turn inhibits Bach2 expression and thus relieves Bach2 repression of HO-1 expression, partly counteracted docetaxel-induced apoptosis, as evidenced by the increased Bcl-2 and decreased Bax expression. Accordingly, silencing of miR-193a-5p enhanced sensitization of PC3 cells to docetaxel-induced apoptosis. Finally, depletion of miR-193a-5p significantly reduced PC xenograft growth in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Silencing of miR-193a-5p or blockade of the miR-193a-5p-Bach2-HO-1 pathway may be a novel therapeutic approach for castration-resistant PC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Taxoides/farmacologia , Idoso , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Docetaxel , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/genética , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/metabolismo , Transfecção , Regulação para Cima , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Drug Deliv ; 24(1): 1667-1679, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29078713

RESUMO

Brusatol (BR) is one of the main bioactive components derived from Brucea javanica, a medicinal herb historically used in the treatment of dysenteric disorders (also known as ulcerative colitis(UC)). Due to its poor aqueous solubility, a novel brusatol self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (BR-SMEDDS) nanoformulation with smaller size, higher negative zeta potential and drug content, and excellent stability was developed. The appearance of BR-SMEDDS remained clear and transparent, and transmission electron microscopy showed microemulsion droplets to be spherical with homogeneous distribution. Pharmacokinetic parameters indicated that oral bioavailability was greatly improved by BR-SMEDDS as compared with aqueous suspension. Meanwhile, the anti-colitis activity of BR-SMEDDS was evaluated on dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis mice model. The result illustrated that the nano-formation significantly reduced the body weight loss, recovered colon length, decreased disease activity index and microscopic score, regulated immune-inflammatory cytokines, diminished oxidative stress and repressed the colonic expression of myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and nuclear factor kappa B p65 (NF-κB p65) proteins. Our findings demonstrated for the first time that BR could effectively attenuate colonic inflammation in mice, at least partially, via favorable regulation of anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory status and inhibition of the TLR4-linked NF-κB signaling pathway. The BR nano-formulation was superior to BR suspension and sulphasalazine, in treating experimental UC, and exhibited similar effect with azathioprine, with much smaller dosage. The enhanced anti-UC effect of BR might be intimately associated with the improved pharmacokinetic property by SMEDDS. The developed nano-delivery system might thus be a promising candidate for colitis treatment.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Sulfato de Dextrana/farmacologia , Quassinas/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Química Farmacêutica/métodos , Colite Ulcerativa/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28572827

RESUMO

Triptolide (TP) is the major active component of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TWHF) and possesses multiple pharmacological effects. However, hepatotoxicity of TP which is one of the toxic properties slows its progression in clinical application. 18ß-Glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) is the main bioactive ingredient of Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra L.), a herbal medicine famous for its detoxification. This study aims to investigate whether GA possesses protective effect against TP-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. TP interference markedly elevated serum levels of ALT, AST, and ALP, caused evident liver histopathological changes, and elevated hepatic TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, and IFN-γ as well as nuclear translocation of NF-κB. TP also significantly elevated liver MDA and declined hepatic activities of SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px. Assay of TUNEL and apoptosis proteins (Bax, Bcl-2, and active caspase-3) showed that TP induced severe hepatocellular apoptosis. In contrast, low-dose GA (50 mg/kg) significantly reversed TP-induced changes above. However, high-dose GA (100 mg/kg) had no such effect. Overall, these findings indicated that low-dose GA but not high-dose GA exhibited a protective effect against TP-induced hepatotoxicity in rats by anti-inflammation, antioxidation, and antiapoptosis, which suggests that the doses of GA/Licorice should be carefully considered when used together with TWHF or TWHF preparations.

20.
Pharmacol Res ; 121: 70-82, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28456683

RESUMO

Despite the increased morbidity of ulcerative colitis (UC) in recent years, available treatments remain unsatisfactory. Pogostemon cablin has been widely applied to treat a variety of gastrointestinal disorders in clinic for centuries, in which patchouli alcohol (PA, C15H26O) has been identified as the major active component. This study attempted to determine the bioactivity of PA on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced mice colitis and clarify the mechanism of action. Acute colitis was induced in mice by 3% DSS for 7 days. The mice were then given PA (10, 20 and 40mg/kg) or sulfasalazine (SASP, 200mg/kg) as positive control via oral administration for 7 days. At the end of study, animals were sacrificed and samples were collected for pathological and other analysis. In addition, a metabolite profiling and a targeted metabolite analysis, based on the Ultra-Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) approach, were performed to characterize the metabolic changes in plasma. The results revealed that PA significantly reduced the disease activity index (DAI) and ameliorated the colonic injury of DSS mice. The levels of colonic MPO and cytokines involving TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-4 and IL-10 also declined. Furthermore, PA improved the intestinal epithelial barrier by enhancing the level of colonic expression of the tight junction (TJ) proteins, for instance ZO-1, ZO-2, claudin-1 and occludin, and by elevating the levels of mucin-1 and mucin-2 mRNA. The study also demonstrated that PA inhibited the DSS-induced cell death signaling by modulating the apoptosis related Bax and Bcl-2 proteins and down-regulating the necroptosis related RIP3 and MLKL proteins. By comparison, up-regulation of IDO-1 and TPH-1 protein expression in DSS group was suppressed by PA, which was in line with the declined levels of kynurenine (Kyn) and 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) in plasma. The therapeutic effect of PA was evidently reduced when Kyn was given to mice. In summary, the study successfully demonstrated that PA ameliorated DSS-induced mice acute colitis by suppressing inflammation, maintaining the integrity of intestinal epithelial barrier, inhibiting cell death signaling, and suppressing tryptophan catabolism. The results provided valuable information and guidance for using PA in treatment of UC.


Assuntos
Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfato de Dextrana , Sesquiterpenos/uso terapêutico , Triptofano/metabolismo , Animais , Colite/metabolismo , Colite/patologia , Colo/metabolismo , Colo/patologia , Citocinas/análise , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pogostemon/química , Sesquiterpenos/química
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA