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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393480

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The habenular nucleus (Hb), a famous relay station in the midbrain, is vital for controlling many physiological functions of vertebrates. The role of Hb in the pathogenesis of depression has been thoroughly studied, but whether it functions in the pathogenesis of diabetes remains unknown. In this study, we found that Hb lesions could improve glucose metabolism in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by inhibiting the peripheral sympathetic nervous system and hepatic glucose production. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: T2DM rats were induced by a high-carbohydrate and fat diet combined with streptozotocin. Electrical lesion method was applied to suppress the function of Hb. Serum and tissue samples of rats in the control group, T2DM group, sham group, and Hb lesion group were detected by ELISA, western blotting, and biochemical methods. RESULTS: Compared with the sham group, the expression levels of AMPK phosphorylation and insulin receptor (IR) were significantly increased, whereas glucose-6-phosphatase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylated kinase were reduced in the liver of the Hb lesion group. In the glucose tolerance test and pyruvate tolerance test, the lesion group showed stronger glucose tolerance and lower hepatic gluconeogenesis than the sham. These results suggest that Hb lesions not only effectively increase insulin sensitivity and improve insulin resistance but also inhibit gluconeogenesis in T2DM rats. Moreover, Hb lesions increase the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, tropomyosin receptor kinase B, glucocorticoid receptor, and IR in the hippocampus. In this study, we also found that Hb lesions increase the content of acetylcholine in the adrenal glands and reduce the content of epinephrine in both the adrenal glands and the liver, which may be the main reason for the Hb lesions to regulate glucose metabolism in the liver. CONCLUSION: Hb is an important neuroanatomical target for the regulation of glucose metabolism in the central nervous system of diabetic rats.

2.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1115: 1-6, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370864

RESUMO

Liposome-assisted photoelectrochemical (PEC) bioanalysis represents one of the latest frontiers in the arena of PEC bioanalysis. This work reports a general enzyme-amplified liposomal PEC bioanalysis protocol via the use of enzyme-loaded liposomes to boost the biocatalytic precipitation (BCP) effect. In the representative system, the horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-loaded liposome (HRPLL) and the Au nanoclusters (NCs)/Au nanoparticles (NPs)/TiO2 nanotubes (NTs) framework (AATF) were used as liposomal label and photoelectrode, respectively. In the detection, the sandwich immunocomplex reaction was accomplished in a 96-well plate to confine the HRPLL label, which was then lysed to release the HRP molecules to initiate the BCP process. Due to the amplified formation of HRP-induced BCP on the AATF scaffold, the photo-current response correlated closely with the immunorecognition process and the analyte could be detected very sensitively. This work features the first integration of enzyme-loaded liposomes and the BCP for sensitive PEC bioanalysis, which to our knowledge has not been reported. With the use of various other enzymes, this work could serve as a general basis for the PEC bioanalysis of numerous other target of interest.

3.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32358410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The preoperative diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) depends on a series of blood biomarkers. Previous studies have shown that CD64 expression on blood neutrophils and monocytes has a good diagnostic efficacy for diagnosing systemic and local infections. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of blood CD64 in the diagnosis of PJI. METHODS: On the basis of estimations made before the study was performed, 62 patients were recruited for joint revision surgery following the failure of primary hip or knee replacement. Venous blood was obtained within 24 hours after patient admission, and flow cytometry was performed to evaluate the CD64 expression of 3 groups of white blood cells (WBCs). CD64 expression was measured as CD64 mean fluorescence intensity (CD64MFI). The neutrophil CD64 index (nCD64 index; neutrophil CD64MFI [nCD64MFI]/lymphocyte CD64MFI [lCD64MFI]) and monocyte CD64 index (mCD64 index; monocyte CD64MFI [mCD64MFI]/lCD64MFI) were then calculated. The C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) at admission, synovial fluid indicators, leukocyte esterase test results, intraoperative histological results, and tissue or synovial fluid culture results were recorded. According to the modified Musculoskeletal Infection Society (MSIS) criteria, patients were divided into the PJI group and the non-PJI group. These blood indicators were then analyzed for the diagnosis of PJI. RESULTS: The PJI group included 18 patients, and the non-PJI group included 44 patients. The diagnostic value of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was low for lCD64MFI, the nCD64 index, and the mCD64 index. The diagnostic value for nCD64MFI was moderate, with an AUC of 0.735 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.595 to 0.874; p = 0.004). The diagnostic value for mCD64MFI was high, with an AUC of 0.898 (95% CI, 0.821 to 0.975; p < 0.001). The cutoff value for mCD64MFI was 28,968, with a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of 1, 0.75, 0.62, and 1, respectively. This result was confirmed by internal validation with a different antibody. CONCLUSIONS: Flow cytometry can be used for patient screening before revision surgery, and blood mCD64MFI is a promising indicator for PJI. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Diagnostic Level II. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

4.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 145561320927922, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32438822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This article summarizes the experience of diagnosis and treatment of temporal bone fibrous dysplasia (FD) with external auditory canal (EAC) stenosis and secondary cholesteatoma in the Chinese population, in order to improve the quality of life of patients in the future. METHODS: Eleven patients with FD of the temporal bone who underwent surgery were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: All lesions originated from the temporal bone, and all involved of the EAC. There were 11 cases of cholesteatoma in the EAC, 4 cases of cholesteatoma in the middle ear. The most common symptoms were hearing loss (100%), tinnitus (36.4%), and otorrhea (36.4%). Two patients were severe-profound sensorineural hearing loss, and one patient was complicated with subperiosteal abscesses. All 11 patients underwent surgery. There were no perioperative complications in this series and median follow-up time was 4.2 years. CONCLUSION: Temporal bone FD remains a rare diagnosis, especially in the Asian population. The lesions mainly lead to stenosis of the EAC, especially at the osteochondral junction. Cholesteatoma is the main complication of this disease, which is secondary to occlusion of the EAC with the growth of the lesion. Canaloplasty of EAC combined with wide meatoplasty can provide excellent prognosis in most cases.

5.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Angiotensinogen (AGT) and miR-149-5p were differentially expressed genes in the osteoarthritis (OA), but their functional contribution to this disease is unclear. Our study aimed to illustrate their relevance to OA pathology and chondrocytic inflammation responses. METHODS: In this study, a total of 32 healthy donors and 56 OA patients were recruited for cartilage tissues, and interleukin (IL)-6-stimulated human chondrocyte-articular (HC-a) cells were used as an in vitro OA model. RESULTS: RT-qPCR and western blot assays demonstrated that AGT was upregulated in OA cartilage tissues while miR-149-5p was downregulated. Using a loss-of-function assay and inhibitor treatment, we found that AGT knockdown inhibited the increase of IL-1ß, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 and nitrite in IL-6-induced chondrocytes through blocking the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The prediction (TargetScan) and validation (mutant and luciferase reporter assays) of the interaction between AGT and miR-149-5p indicated that miR-149-5p directly regulated inflammatory responses in OA chondrocytes by binding to AGT. Furthermore, using overexpression and inhibitor treatment experiments, our study proved that JAK2/STAT3 was activated in OA tissues, and AGT regulated OA inflammation via activating the JAK2/STAT3 pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that AGT, modulated and directly bond by miR-149-5p, promoted the IL-6-induced inflammatory responses in OA via JAK2/STAT3 pathway.

8.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 229: 117988, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918154

RESUMO

We presented a new benzothiazole-based fluorescent probe for ratiometric sensing of formaldehyde. Upon treatment with formaldehyde, the alkylamine-functionalized probe can be converted to its aldehyde analogue via the target-mediated 2-aza-Cope rearrangement, which led to significant shifts in both absorption (from 392 to 452 nm) and emission (from 492 to 552 nm) bands. The sensing mechanism was confirmed by HPLC, UV/Vis and fluorescence spectroscopy. The probe is capable of sensing formaldehyde under physiological conditions with high selectivity over potentially competing biological analytes. The probe also displayed sensitive ratiometric fluorescence response (up to 35.7 fold) for formaldehyde with a low limit detection of 0.58 µM. Furthermore, the probe was successfully employed for ratiometric imaging of formaldehyde in living cells as well as in zebrafish.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31990168

RESUMO

Black phosphorus nanoparticles (BP NPs) possess great advantages in photocatalysis owing to the rich surface active sites, extremely high carrier mobility, and strong visible-near-infrared light response. However, the complex preparation process, poor stability, and rapid carrier recombination restrict their successful application in photocatalysis. Herein, the above problems are resolved by preparing BP NPs through a facile sonication-assisted hydrothermal method. To further improve the stability and photocatalytic activity, BP NPs are tightly anchored onto ZnS to prepare ZnS-BP porous nanosheets. With the Zn-P coordination bond built between them, higher stability, enhanced carrier transport ability, and excellent hydrogen adsorption and desorption equilibrium of photocatalysts are achieved. An efficient and recyclable photocatalytic hydrogen evolution rate of 1561 µmol h-1 g-1 is obtained under visible-light irradiation, which is superior to that of previously reported BP-based photocatalysts. Besides, the photocatalytic mechanism is investigated based on the theoretical calculations and experimental characterizations. The charge transfer dynamics are studied by surface photovoltage (SPV), ultrafast transient absorption (TA), X-ray absorption spectra (XAS), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and steady-state photoluminescence (PL) spectra. This work set a reference for the design of high-performance BP-related nanomaterials in solar energy storage and conversion.

10.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(4): 3634-3645, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583718

RESUMO

Exosomes derived from differentiated P12 cells and MSCs were proved to suppress apoptosis of neuron cells, and phosphatase and tensin homolog pseudogene 1 (PTENP1) was reported to inhibit cell proliferation. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of PTENP1 in the process of post-spinal cord injury (SCI) recovery, so as to evaluate the therapeutic effects of exosomes derived from MSCs transfected with PTENP1 short hairpin RNA (shRNA), as a type of novel biomarkers in the treatment of SCI. Electron microscopy was used to observe the morphology of different exosomes. Real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assays, flow cytometry, Nissl staining, immunohistochemistry assay, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay were conducted to investigate and validate the underlying molecular signaling pathway. PTENP1-shRNA downregulated PTENP1 and PTEN while upregulating miR-21 and miR-19b. PTENP1-shRNA also accelerated cell apoptosis and reduced cell viability. In addition, PTENP1 reduced the miR-21 and miR-19b expression by directly targeting miR-21 and miR-19b. Meanwhile, both miR-21 and miR-19b reduced the expression of PTEN by directly targeting the 3'-untranslated region of PTEN. Furthermore, PTEN level and apoptosis index of neuron cells was the highest in the SCI group, while the treatment with exosomes+PTENP1-shRNA reduced the PTEN expression to a level similar to that in the sham group. Finally, PTENP1 inhibited miR-21 and miR-19b expression but upregulated PTEN expression. The upregulation of miR-21/miR-19b also suppressed the apoptosis of neuron cells by downregulating the PTEN expression. PTENP1 is involved in the recovery of SCI by regulating the expression of miR-19b and miR-21, and exosomes from PTENP1-shRNA-transfected cells may be used as a novel biomarker in SCI treatment.

11.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(2): 1531-1542, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332791

RESUMO

The endothelial dysfunction induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, which can lead to oxidative stress and inflammation. The role of autophagy in the process of atherosclerosis has drawn increasing attention. The human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), whose Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (Rac1) and Rac3 was knockdown, were used to detect whether the possible molecular mechanisms of Rac1 and Rac3 for anti-inflammatory in endothelial cells was effected by downregulation of autophagy. The HUVECs were incubated with ox-LDL. The inflammatory factors and autophagy proteins were evaluated to ascertain and compare the effect of Rac1 and Rac3 on autophagy. Then, 3-methyladenine (3-MA) as an inhibiter of autophagy was used to detect whether the effect of Rac1 and Rac3 was related to autophagy. ox-LDL-induced cell dysfunction in HUVECs was determined by testing the formation of foam cells, the expression of nuclear factor (NF)-κB and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor protein 3 and NF-κB p65 and other inflammatory factors, the release of reactive oxygen species by oxidative stress and the dysfunction of the cytomembrane. And ApoE-/- mice on a high-fat diet were used as an animal model to detect the effect of Rac1 and Rac3 in vivo. The results showed that when Rac1 and Rac3 were decreased in HUVECs, the cell dysfunction caused by ox-LDL was inhibited. If 3-MA was used to inhibit autophagy in Rac1 and Rac3 knockdown cells, the injury induced by ox-LDL on the cells was recovered. These results indicated that the effect of Rac1 and Rac3 was combined with ox-LDL, which was related to inhibition of autophagy. The effect of Rac3 was more significant than that of Rac1.

12.
Lipids Health Dis ; 18(1): 229, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881889

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a highly prevalent disease and the leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Metabolic syndrome could also be the risk factor for CKD. We sought to study the association between metabolic syndrome components and the prevalence of CKD in patients with hypertension. METHODS: We carried out a multi-center cross-sectional study from Apr. 2017- Apr. 2018 in 15 cities in China. RESULTS: A total of 2484 patients with hypertension were enrolled. Among them, 56% were male and the average age was 65.12 ± 12.71 years. The systolic BP/diastolic BP was 142 ± 18/83 ± 12 mmHg. Metabolic syndrome components turned out to be highly prevalent in patients with hypertension, ranging from 40 to 58%. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease reached 22.0%. Multi-variate logistic analysis revealed that elevated triglyceride (TG) (OR = 1.81, 95% CI 1.28-2.57, p < 0.01), elevated fasting blood glucose (FBG) (OR = 1.43, 95% CI 1.00-2.07, p = 0.05) and hypertension grades (OR = 1.20, 95% CI 1.00-1.44, p = 0.05) were associated with the prevalence of CKD. In sub-group analysis, elevated TG remained strongly associated with CKD in both diabetes (OR = 2.10, 95%CI 1.22-3.61, p < 0.01) and non-diabetes (OR = 1.53, 95% CI 1.09-2.16, p = 0.01). In sub-group analysis of hypertension grades, there was also a graded trend between elevated TG and CKD from controlled blood pressure (BP) to hypertension grade 2 (OR = 1.81, 95%CI 1.06-3.11, p = 0.03; OR = 1.85, 95%CI 1.00-3.43, p = 0.05; OR = 2.81, 95% CI 1.09-7.28, p = 0.03, respectively). CONCLUSION: Elevated TG, elevated FBG and hypertension grades were significantly associated with the prevalence of CKD in patients with hypertension. Particularly, elevated TG was strongly associated with CKD, independent of diabetes and hypertension grades.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 58(24): 16792-16799, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762269

RESUMO

Evaluating the effect of ligand substitution on metal ions and/or clusters during the MOF growth process is conducive to rational design of isoreticular MOFs with improved performance. Through topological direction and ligand substitution strategy, we herein constructed two Sc-soc-MOFs (Sc-EBTC and Sc-ABTC) based on two similar rectangular-planar diisophthalate ligands, linear-shaped H4EBTC (1,1'-ethynebenzene-3,3',5,5'-tetracarboxylic acid) and zigzag-shaped H4ABTC (3,3',5,5'-azobenzenetetracarboxylic acid), under solvothermal conditions with formic acid as a modulator. {Sc[(Sc3O)(H2O)3]3(EBTC)6} (Sc-EBTC) possesses two distinct clusters as SBUs, trinuclear [Sc3O(CO2)6] (SBU1) and mononuclear cluster [ScO6] (SBU2), which maintain the soc-topology except for the mononuclear [ScO6] instead of the corresponding trinuclear [Sc3O(CO2)6] in Sc-ABTC ({(Sc3O)(H2O)3(ABTC)1.5(NO3)}). Notably, Sc-EBTC represents a rare soc-MOF with two distinct clusters as SBUs. Due to similar pore spaces, the two Sc-soc-MOF materials both exhibit enhanced and comparable gas sorption and selectivity performances. Specially, their remarkable C2H2, C2H4, and CO2 storage capacity along with prominent CO2/CH4 and C2-hydrocarbons/CH4 separations indicate that these Sc-soc-MOFs are promising adsorbents for natural gas purification under ambient conditions.

14.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 18: 1534735419886655, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729239

RESUMO

Ginsenosides, the key components isolated from ginseng, have been extensively studied in antitumor treatment. Numerous studies have shown that ginsenosides have direct function in tumor cells through the induction of cancer cell apoptosis and the inhibition of cancer cell growth and enhance the antitumor immunity through the activation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer cells. However, little is known about the function of ginsenosides on myeloid immunosuppressive cells including dendritic cells in tumor, tumor-associated macrophages, and myeloid-derived suppressor cells in the tumor microenvironments. Those myeloid immunosuppressive cells play important roles in promoting tumor angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis. In the review, we summarize the regulatory functions of ginsenosides on myeloid immunosuppressive cells in tumor microenvironment, providing the novel therapeutic methods for clinical cancer treatment.

15.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 14(1): 354, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711522

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The diagnosis of persistent infection at reimplantation of two-stage revision arthroplasty for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains challenging. Several studies have shown the benefit of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) in diagnosing periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Recent data indicated serum IL-6 could be promising in differentiating persistent infection. The purpose of this study was to validate the efficacy of serum IL-6 in diagnosing persistent infection at reimplantation. METHODS: A retrospective review of 86 PJI patients with a two-stage exchanged hip arthroplasty from 2013 to 2017 was conducted. Persistent infection was defined using the modified Musculoskeletal Infection Society (MSIS) criteria combined with follow-up results. Serum IL-6 at reimplantation were collected and compared among patients with or without persistent infection. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to evaluate the diagnostic performance and optimal cut-off value of serum IL-6 at reimplantation. RESULTS: Sixteen cases were diagnosed as persistent infection at reimplantation. There was no significant difference in serum IL-6 levels between cases with persistent infection and controls (7.89 pg/ml vs. 5.56 pg/ml; P = 0.179). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for serum IL-6 in diagnosing persistent infection at reimplantation was 0.59 (95% confidential interval [CI] 0.40-0.77). With the calculated threshold set at 8.12 pg/ml, the corresponding sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive values were 38%, 88%, 38%, and 87%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Serum IL-6 is inadequate in diagnosing persistent infection at reimplantation for two-stage revision arthroplasty. With the serum IL-6 threshold set at 8.12 pg/ml, the specificity to rule out persistent infection is high, but the sensitivity to predict persistent infection is not satisfactory.

16.
Immune Netw ; 19(5): e34, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720045

RESUMO

Neutrophilic granule protein (NGP) was previously reported as a granular protein of neutrophils in mouse, but the function has not been known clearly. We found the presence of the possible signal peptide in NGP and validated this protein is circulating in the bloodstream. In our findings, NGP is being modified post-translationally in Golgi apparatus and endoplasmic reticulum, which is a universal character of secretory molecules with a signal peptide. The secreted NGP protein could be detected both in vitro and in vivo. NGP has sequence similarity with an antimicrobial protein cathelicidin, and we observed the aspect of inflammation of NGP. Interestingly, NGP interacts with the complex of LPS and LPS binding protein (LBP). This interaction blocks the binding of the complex of LPS and LBP to TLR4 and the downstream inflammatory signals. Furthermore, the inhibitory function of NGP against the inflammatory effect of LPS could be observed in both in vitro and in vivo. With these findings, we report NGP is a novel secretory protein to mask LPS and inhibit its function.

17.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 16(8): 608-613, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555328

RESUMO

Background: Reserpine is currently used by millions of Chinese hypertensive patients, in spite of the continued concern of its depressogenic effect, even when used in low dose. This study aimed to investigate the association between low-dose reserpine use and depression in older Chinese hypertensive patient. Methods: In this cross-sectional, case-control study, we recruited patient aged 60 years or over who had regularly taken one or two tables of "compound reserpine and triamterene tablets (CRTTs)" for more than one year (reserpine user) from 26 community health centers located in 10 provinces in China. For each patient who took CRTTs, we selected an age (within five years) and sex matched hypertensive patient who had never taken any drugs containing reserpine (non-reserpine user) as control. Depressive symptoms were evaluated using a Chinese depression scale adapted from the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale. Demographic, clinical data and laboratory examination results within six months were collected. Results: From August 2018 to December 2018, 787 reserpine user and 787 non-reserpine user were recruited. The mean age of all study subjects was 70.3 years, with about equal numbers of males and females. The mean depression score was 40.4 in reserpine users and 40.6 in non-reserpine users (P = 0.7). The majority of study subject had a depression score < 53 (87.6% in reserpine users and 88.2% in non-reserpine users, respectively). There were no significant differences in the prevalence of mild, moderate or severe depression in reserpine users and non-reserpine users. Conclusions: There is no association between low-dose reserpine use and depression in older hypertensive patient. The role of reserpine in the treatment and control of hypertension should be reconsidered; and further studies, especially randomized, controlled clinical trials to compare efficacy and safety of reserpine and other widely recommended anti-hypertensive agents are needed.

18.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(4): 3811-3819, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485669

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the mechanism by which cyclooxygenase­2 (COX­2) promotes the metastasis of MG­63 osteosarcoma cells through the PI3K/AKT/NF­κB pathway. To achieve this, a recombinant lentivirus containing the COX­2 gene was constructed in order to overexpress COX­2; a recombinant lentivirus containing a control sequence was also constructed. A Transwell chamber migration assay was performed to quantify the migration of the COX­2­transduced cells, and of cells treated with a COX­2 inhibitor (NS398) or a PI3K inhibitor (LY294002). Immunofluorescence assays were performed to determine changes in E­cadherin, vimentin and NF­κB expression levels. ELISAs were performed to quantify the levels of matrix metallopeptidase (MMP)­2, MMP­9 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the culture medium. Western blot analysis was conducted to measure the protein expression levels of MMP­2, MMP­9, PI3K, phosphorylated (p­) PI3K, AKT, p­AKT, inhibitor of NF­κΒ kinase (IKK) and p­IKK. The results demonstrated that the migration ability of the COX­2­overexpressing MG­63 cells was significantly increased compared with the control cells. The migration ability of cells treated with NS398 or LY294002 was significantly decreased. Compared with the control cells, E­cadherin expression was significantly decreased in COX­2­overexpressing cells, while the expression levels of vimentin, MMP­2, MMP­9, VEGF, p­PI3K, p­AKT and p­IKK were significantly increased. Compared with the control cells, E­cadherin expression was significantly increased in cells treated with NS398 or LY294002, while the expression levels of vimentin, MMP­2, MMP­9, VEGF, p­PI3K, p­AKT, and p­IKK were significantly decreased. The total protein levels of PI3K, AKT and IKK were not changed among the treatment groups. In summary, COX­2 overexpression decreased the expression levels of the epithelial protein E­cadherin and increased the expression levels of the mesenchymal proteins vimentin, MMP­2 and MMP­9, as well as promoted cell migration, by activating the PI3K/AKT/NF­κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo
19.
J Cancer ; 10(18): 4350-4356, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31413755

RESUMO

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), one heterogeneous population of immature myeloid cells, have suppressive function on immune response during tumor, inflammation, infection and autoimmune diseases. The molecular mechanism underlying expansion and function of MDSCs is becoming appreciated to manipulate immune response in the diseases. MicroRNA (miRNAs) as one short noncoding RNAs, are involved in regulating cell proliferation, differentiation and maturation. However, it needs to be further studied how miRNAs mediate the development and function of MDSC in association with cancer and other diseases. In the review, we report and discuss recent studies that miRNAs networks regulate the differentiation, expansion and suppression function of MDSCs in tumor microenvironment or other diseases through different signaling pathways. Those studies may provide one novel potential approach for tumor immunotherapy.

20.
Acta Otolaryngol ; 139(10): 837-842, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373256

RESUMO

Background: Temporal bone chondrosarcoma (TBC) are uncommon primary temporal bone malignancies, and clinicians lack experience in its diagnosis and treatment. The optimal management of patients with tumor of TBC also remains a topic of debate and controversy. Objectives: This article summarizes the experience of diagnosis and treatment of TBC, in order to improve the quality of life of cancer patients in the future. Material and methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 10 patients who were referred to our hospital from June 2009 to June 2018 for the treatment of TBC. Results: There were 3 males and 7 females. The most common presenting symptoms were facial paresis (50%) and hearing loss (40%), whereas otalgia (10%), vertigo (10%) and headache (10%) were less common. All tumors originated from the temporal bone, and 80% involved the jugular foramen area. All patients survived without evidence of disease at a median time of follow up of 28.8 months. Conclusions and significance: TBC mostly originated in the middle ear mastoid area, and easily extended to the jugular foramen area. An individualized surgical procedure that removes tumors integrally with minimal nerve and blood vessel damage provides long-term cancer control and minimal morbidity in most cases.


Assuntos
Condrossarcoma/diagnóstico , Condrossarcoma/terapia , Neoplasias Cranianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cranianas/terapia , Osso Temporal , Adulto , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
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