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1.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 73(6): 1043-1053, 2021 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34961879

RESUMO

Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) induced by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an important cause of hospitalization for infants. Compared with adults, infants are more likely to cause serious respiratory diseases after RSV infection due to the specific immature airway structure and immune system. The balance of immune resistance and immune tolerance of the host is critical to effective virus clearance and disease control. This paper reviews the relationship between RSV infection and respiratory diseases in infancy, the influence factors of the high pathogenicity of RSV infection in early life, as well as the research progress of anti-RSV therapy, and expands the specific molecular events regulating immune resistance and immune tolerance. We expect to present new ideas for the prevention and treatment of RSV-related respiratory diseases in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Transtornos Respiratórios , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial , Infecções Respiratórias , Humanos , Lactente , Vírus Sinciciais Respiratórios
3.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 688551, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504851

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies evaluating the relationships of glaucoma with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia showed inconsistent results. We performed a meta-analysis of cohort studies to evaluate the association between glaucoma with incidence of AD, all-cause dementia, and non-AD dementia. Methods: Cohort studies which evaluated the association between glaucoma with incidence of AD, all-cause dementia, and non-AD dementia in adult population with multivariate analyses were identified by systematic search of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane's Library databases. A random-effects model incorporating the potential intra-study heterogeneity was used for the meta-analysis. Results: Eleven cohort studies including 4,645,925 participants were included. Results showed that compared to those without glaucoma at baseline, adult patients with glaucoma was not independently associated with increased incidence of AD [adjusted risk ratio (RR): 1.03, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.93-1.05, P = 0.55; I 2 = 83%], all-cause dementia (adjusted RR: 1.08, 95% CI: 0.97-1.19, P = 0.15; I 2 = 79%), or non-AD dementia (adjusted RR: 1.05 95% CI: 0.91-1.21, P = 0.49; I 2 = 82%). Sensitivity analyses by excluding one study at a time did not significantly affect the results of the meta-analyses. Moreover, subgroup analyses showed consistent results in meta-analysis of prospective or retrospective cohort studies, and in meta-analysis of patients with primary open-angle glaucoma or primary angle-closure glaucoma (P-values for subgroup difference all > 0.05). Conclusions: Current evidence from cohort studies did not support that glaucoma is an independent risk factor of AD, all-cause dementia, or non-AD dementia in adult population.

4.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 706979, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447791

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of thrombus aspiration (TA) strategy on the outcomes and its interaction with D-dimer levels in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in "real-world" settings. Materials and Methods: This study included 1,295 patients with STEMI who had undergone primary PCI with or without TA between January 2013 and June 2017. Patients were first divided into a TA+PCI group and a PCI-only group, and the baseline characteristics and long-term mortality between the two groups were analyzed. Furthermore, we studied the effect of TA on the clinical outcomes of patients grouped according to quartiles of respective D-dimer levels. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality, and the secondary outcomes were new-onset heart failure (HF), rehospitalization, re-PCI, and stroke. Results: In the original cohort, there were no significant differences in all-cause mortality between the TA+PCI and PCI-only groups (hazard ratio, 0.789; 95% confidence interval, 0.556-1.120; p = 0.185). After a mean follow-up of 2.5 years, the all-cause mortality rates of patients in the TA + PCI and PCI-only groups were 8.5 and 16.2%, respectively. Additionally, differences between the two groups in terms of the risk of HF, re-PCI, rehospitalization, and stroke were non-significant. However, after dividing into quartiles, as the D-dimer levels increased, the all-cause mortality rate in the PCI group gradually increased (4.3 vs. 6.0 vs. 7.0 vs. 14.7%, p < 0.001), while the death rate in the TA+PCI group did not significantly differ (4.6 vs. 5.0 vs. 4.0 vs. 3.75%, p = 0.85). Besides, in the quartile 3 (Q3) and quartile 4 (Q4) groups, the PCI-only group was associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality than that of the TA+PCI group (Q3: 4.0 vs. 7.0%, p = 0.029; Q4: 3.75 vs. 14.7%, p < 0.001). Moreover, the multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that TA is inversely associated with the primary outcome in the Q4 group [odds ratio (OR), 0.395; 95% CI, 0.164-0.949; p = 0.038]. Conclusions: The findings of our real-world study express that routine manual TA during PCI in STEMI did not improve clinical outcomes overall. However, patients with STEMI with a higher concentration of D-dimer might benefit from the use of TA during primary PCI. Large-scale studies are recommended to confirm the efficacy of TA.

5.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 43(6): 1620-1627, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271589

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: ß-thalassemia is a severe hereditary hemolytic anemia. Due to the diversity of mutations spectrum, ß-thalassemia manifests a highly heterogeneous clinical severity. We noted that a previous report characterized HBB:c.313delA, at the end of exon 2, as a ß-thalassemia trait rather than dominant ß-thalassemia, the classification given to similar mutations. We further explored the impact of this functional variant on globin structure through larger pedigree analysis and in vitro studies. METHODS: Hematological analysis and molecular genotyping were conducted on the proband and his family members. We evaluated functional effects of the variant on ß-globin gene in the proband's nucleated erythrocytes and transfected HEK-293T cells. Three-dimensional construction of protein structure was carried out in silico to demonstrate amino acid changes. RESULTS: The thalassemia major proband was identified as a compound heterozygote of HBB:c.313delA and HBB:c.126_129delCTTT. Three family members with heterozygotes of HBB:c.313delA displayed microcytic hypochromic anemia. Molecular characterization demonstrated that the frameshift mutation could give rise to retro-positioning of the termination codon, resulting in an elongated ß-globin chain with an extension of 10 amino acids. Clinical phenotype and functional experiments indicated that HBB:c.313delA led to ß0 -thalassemia phenotype. CONCLUSION: We concluded that the phenotype of HBB:c.313delA was mainly related to the stability of mutant mRNA, the degradation of mutant proteins, and production of inclusion bodies according to a systematic description of clinical phenotype and a series of molecular experiments.

7.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 632978, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34135751

RESUMO

Background: Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA) improve outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. However, the lack of evidence regarding long-term clinical outcomes in the use of MRA, including spironolactone, in patients with AMI combined with CKD. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate whether spironolactone could significantly reduce the risk of all-cause mortality and re-admission in patients with AMI and CKD. Methods: In this single center, observational, retrospective, registry based clinical study, a total of 2,465 AMI patients were initially screened; after excluding patients with estimated glomerular filtration rate more than 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, 360 patients in the standard treatment group and 200 patients in the spironolactone group met the criteria. All enrolled patients follow-up for 30 months. The primary outcomes were all-cause mortality and re-admission. The key safety outcome was hyperkalemia rates during the 30 months follow-up period. Results: 160 (44.4%) and 41 (20.5%) patients in the standard treatment and spironolactone groups died, respectively [hazard ratio (HR): 0.389; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.276-0.548; p < 0.001]. Re-admission occurred in 217 (60.3%) and 95 (47.5%) patients in the standard treatment and spironolactone groups, respectively (HR: 0.664; 95% CI: 0.522-0.846; p = 0.004). The spironolactone group was divided into two based on the daily dose, low dose group (no more than 40 mg) and high dose group (more than 40 mg); the differences in the mortality rate between low dose group (16.7%) and the standard treatment group (44.4%) (HR: 0.309; 95% CI: 0.228-0.418; p < 0.001) and high dose group (34.1%) (HR: 0.429; 95% CI: 0.199-0.925; p = 0.007) were significant. The differences in re-hospitalization rate between low dose group (43.6%) and the standard treatment group (60.3%) (HR: 0.583; 95% CI: 0.457-0.744; p < 0.001) and high dose group (61.4%) (HR: 0.551; 95% CI: 0.326-0.930; p = 0.007) was significant. Hyperkalemia occurred in 18 (9.0%) and 18 (5.0%) patients in the spironolactone group and standard treatment group, respectively (HR: 1.879; 95% CI: 0.954-3.700; p = 0.068). Whereas, Hyperkalemia occurred in high dose group (20.5%) significantly more often than in the standard treatment group (p < 0.001) and low dose group (5.8%) (p = 0.003). Conclusion: Using MRA, such as spironolactone, may substantially reduce the risk of both all-cause mortality and re-admission in patients with AMI and CKD; the use of low-dose spironolactone has the best efficacy and safety. However, this was a relatively small sample size, single center, observational, retrospective, registry based clinical study and further prospective evaluation in adequately powered randomized trials were needed before further use of spironolactone in AMI with CKD population.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 60(12): 8613-8620, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106687

RESUMO

A novel two-dimensional Cd-based metal-organic framework (MOF), [Cd(pddb)H2O]n (Cd-MOF), has been hydrothermally synthesized using the V-shaped ligand 4,4'-(pyridine-2,6-diyl)-dibenzoic acid (H2pddb) and structurally characterized. The framework exhibits fascinating one-dimensional in-plane channels functionalized with active pyridine-N sites. The as-synthesized Cd-MOF exhibits excellent water and chemical stability. Furthermore, a simple and nondestructive coordinated postsynthetic modification method has been applied to Cd-MOF to obtain a class of MOF hybrids functionalized by lanthanide ions. More interestingly, Eu3+@Cd-MOF can act as a dual-emissive ratiometric fluorescent probe for 2-(2-methoxyethoxy) acetic acid (MEAA), a metabolite of 2-(2-methoxyethoxy) ethanol, which could result in DNA damage and teratogenic and developmental toxicity. During the sensing process, the fluorescence sensor exhibits notable water tolerance, reusability, and a low detection limit (8.5 µg mL-1). In addition, the chemical substances in human urine and serum do not interfere with the fluorescence quenching process, which makes it possible for the fluorescent probe to be applied in the detection of MEAA in human urine and serum systems. The possible sensing mechanism is also studied and discussed in detail.

9.
J Heart Lung Transplant ; 40(8): 767-777, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34108109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell-derived cardiac constructs may have a potential in cardiomyogenesis of a distressed myocardium, obtaining polarity in cardiac constructs, such as via myocyte alignment, may be crucial to achieve a maximum contractile force for better clinical outcomes. We herein hypothesized that transplantation of an aligned cardiac tissue derived from iPS cells has therapeutic effects in a porcine ischemic cardiomyopathy model as a preclinical trial. METHODS: Aligned cardiac tissues were developed by culturing high-purity iPS cell-derived cardiomyocytes in xeno-free conditions and transplanting them into infarct porcine hearts (iPS-CM group, n = 7; control, n = 6). Three months after treatment, therapeutic efficacy was evaluated functionally and histologically. RESULTS: In vitro assessment revealed that the aligned cardiac tissue containing high purity cardiomyocytes contracted homogeneously and had excellent mechanical properties. In the in vivo study, the left ventricular ejection fraction of the iPS-CM group was significantly greater than that of the control group, 3 months after transplantation (37.8% ± 2.3% vs 28.3% ± 2.5%, p < 0.05). Pathologically, attenuated interstitial fibrosis, attenuation of hypertrophied cardiomyocytes, and an increased capillary density were also prominent in the iPS-CM group. A limited amount of engraftment of the transplanted tissue maintaining tissue alignment was observed at 2 weeks after transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: The creation of large-scale functional aligned cardiac tissue was feasible, and the transplantation of the aligned tissue improved cardiac function with angiogenesis and antifibrotic effects in a porcine cardiomyopathy model.

10.
J Cell Physiol ; 236(11): 7711-7724, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34018612

RESUMO

Airway epithelial cells, the first barrier of the respiratory tract, play an indispensable role in innate immunity. Integrin ß4 (ITGB4) is a structural adhesion molecule that is involved in the pathological progression of acute inflammatory diseases and is downregulated in asthmatic patients. Research has shown that endothelial ITGB4 has proinflammatory properties in acute lung injury (ALI). However, the role of epithelial ITGB4 in a murine ALI model is still unknown. This study investigated the role of ITGB4 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI. We found that ITGB4 in the airway epithelium had remarkably increased after the introduction of LPS in vivo and in vitro. Then, we constructed airway epithelial cell-specific ITGB4 knockout (ITGB4-/- ) mice to study its role in ALI. At a time point of 12 h after the tracheal injection of LPS, ITGB4-/- mice showed increased macrophages (mainly M1-type macrophages) and neutrophil infiltration into the lungs; inflammation-related proteins including interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor, and IL-17A were significantly elevated compared to their levels in ITGB4+/+ mice. Furthermore, we investigated the role of ITGB4 in the anti-inflammatory response. Intriguingly, in the ITGB4-/- + LPS group, we found significantly reduced expression of anti-inflammatory factors, including IL-10 messenger RNA (mRNA) and ARG-1 mRNA. We also observed that monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP-1) increased significantly both in vivo and in vitro. Airway epithelium activates macrophages, most likely driven by MCP-1, which we confirmed in the coculture of epithelia and macrophages. These phenomena indicate that ITGB4 in airway epithelial cells plays an important role in the process of inflammation and activation of macrophages in ALI. Overall, these data demonstrated a novel link between airway epithelial ITGB4 and the inflammatory response in LPS-induced ALI.

11.
Analyst ; 146(9): 3052-3061, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949366

RESUMO

By means of post-synthetic treatment on the UiO-66 derivative with -SO3H, a novel luminescent hybrid material named Tb3+@UiO-66-SO3H has been prepared simply and efficiently. Given its wonderful luminescence properties like intense green emission, a long lifetime, a robust structure and photostability, it is further developed as a fluorescent probe for the sensing of trans,trans-muconic acid (tt-MA, a biomarker of benzene) and Fe3+, which are closely related to human health. Notably, Tb3+@UiO-66-SO3H shows an outstanding recognition ability for Fe3+ among common cations with a low detection limit (0.11 µM, 0.006 ppm). More importantly, Tb3+@UiO-66-SO3H can realize highly sensitive and selective detection of tt-MA (detection limit, 0.58 µM, 0.083 ppm). Besides, this rapid response probe is facilely prepared, non-toxic and reusable, showing the potential of Tb3+@UiO-66-SO3H in the practical monitoring of tt-MA and Fe3+.

12.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 253, 2021 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34022791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate prediction of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) is very important for the management of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. We aimed to construct an effective prognostic nomogram for individualized risk estimates of MACEs for patients with ACS after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: This was a prospective study of patients with ACS after PCI from January 2013 to July 2019 (n = 2465). After removing patients with incomplete clinical information, a total of 1986 patients were randomly divided into evaluation (n = 1324) and validation (n = 662) groups. Predictors included in the nomogram were determined by a multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model based on the training set. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and calibration curves were used to assess the discrimination and predictive accuracy of the nomogram, which were then compared with those of the classic models. The clinical utility of the nomogram was assessed by X-tile analysis and Kaplan-Meier curve analysis. RESULTS: Independent prognostic factors, including lactate level, age, left anterior descending branch stenosis, right coronary artery stenosis, brain natriuretic peptide level, and left ventricular ejection fraction, were determined and contained in the nomogram. The nomogram achieved good areas under the ROC curve of 0.712-0.762 in the training set and 0.724-0.818 in the validation set and well-fitted calibration curves. In addition, participants could be divided into two risk groups (low and high) according to this model. CONCLUSIONS: A simple-to-use nomogram incorporating lactate level effectively predicted 6-month, 1-year, and 4-year MACE incidence among patients with ACS after PCI.

13.
IET Syst Biol ; 15(3): 93-100, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33880887

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke (IS) is one of the major causes of death and disability worldwide. However, the specific mechanism of gene interplay and the biological function in IS are not clear. Therefore, more research into IS is necessary. Dataset GSE110993 including 20 ischemic stroke (IS) and 20 control specimens are used to establish both groups and the raw RNA-seq data were analysed. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was used to screen the key micro-RNA modules. The centrality of key genes were determined by module membership (mm) and gene significance (GS). The key pathways were identified by enrichment analysis with Kyoto Protocol Gene and Genome Encyclopedia (KEGG), and the key genes were validated by protein-protein interactions network. Result: Upon investigation, 1185 up- and down-regulated genes were gathered and distributed into three modules in response to their degree of correlation to clinical traits of IS, among which the turquoise module show a trait-correlation of 0.77. The top 140 genes were further identified by GS and MM. KEGG analysis showed two pathways may evolve in the progress of IS. Discussion: CXCL12 and EIF2a may be important biomarkers for the accurate diagnosis and treatment in IS.

14.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(3): 1170-1183, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33841647

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is the main cause of disability and mortality in the world. Clinical studies have shown that patients who undergo mild transient ischemic attack (TIA) before more severe ischemic stroke have lower clinical severity of stroke and better functional prognosis. This phenomenon is called ischemic preconditioning (IPC). IPC is a powerful intrinsic protection of the brain against ischemic injury, but the underlying mechanism of IPC-mediated endogenous protection of the brain is not clear. METHODS: Using transcriptome method, we sequenced the serum of 3 stroke patients with progenitor TIA and 3 stroke patients without prodromal TIA. We explored the expression profiles of miRNAs and mRNAs in response to IPC, and predicted the regulatory pathway of IPC related genes and their expression in cerebral neurons. The methylation consistent expression of IPC-related gene ATP2B1 in blood and brain and alternative polyadenylate (APA) analysis were used to identify the pathway and molecular mechanism of endogenous neuroprotection of IPC. RESULTS: We found that the brain protective effect of IPC was related to platelet homeostasis and Ca2+ concentration. IPC-related gene ATP2B1 was highly expressed in γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-containing neurons in the brain. From the mechanism, we speculated that ATP2B1 was representative of the same methylation in blood and brain and was affected by alternative polyadenylation. CONCLUSION: We speculate that IPC can induce alternative polyadenylation of ATP2B1 and trigger the mechanism of brain endogenous neuroprotection by regulating the decrease of Ca2+ concentration in platelet homeostasis pathway and the activation of GABAB receptor.

15.
Pest Manag Sci ; 77(9): 4109-4116, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Beckmannia syzigachne (Steud.) Fernald has become a dominant weed that has evolved resistance to major herbicides used in the wheat fields of rice-wheat double cropping areas of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, China. Seed dispersal occurs over long distances via irrigation water. As mechanical harvesting services popularize, there is concern that combine harvesters could play an increasing role in B. syzigachne seed dispersal. RESULTS: Random sampling of 30 combine harvesters at wheat harvest determined that an average of 8000 B. syzigachne seeds remain in the combine after wheat harvesting, predominantly on the metal plate. These seeds could potentially be transported into adjacent fields. A double exponential model predicted that seeds remaining on the metal plate could be dispersed over 7885 m2 into the next field. Within a field, the number of fallen seeds and their dispersal distance were positively correlated to panicle density. Combines spread seeds away from the source potentially creating new weed patches. During irrigation and rotary tillage ploughing, 70% of B. syzigachne seeds scattered in the field floated on the water surface and were moved away by the wind. CONCLUSION: Both wheat combine harvesters and water flow effectively spread B. syzigachne seeds. Areas with high B. syzigachne population density should be carefully harvested separately, and the metal plate should be carefully cleaned to prevent spreading the weed across fields and region. Floating B. syzigachne seeds displaced to field edges by water can be physically removed with nets to prevent further distribution by water.


Assuntos
Herbicidas , Dispersão de Sementes , Resistência a Herbicidas , Herbicidas/farmacologia , Poaceae , Sementes , Triticum
16.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(6): 8115-8126, 2021 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33686957

RESUMO

To explore the effect of circRHOT1 on breast cancer progression and the underlying mechanism. Significantly, our data revealed that the depletion of circRHOT1 was able to repress the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of breast cancer cells. CircRHOT1 knockdown could remarkably inhibit the invasion and migration in the breast cancer cells. Meanwhile, the depletion of circRHOT1 enhanced the erastin-induced inhibition effect on cell growth of breast cancer cells. The circRHOT1 knockdown notably increased the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), iron, and Fe2+ in breast cancer cells. Mechanically, circRHOT1 was able to sponge microRNA-106a-5p (miR-106a-5p) and inhibited ferroptosis by down-regulating miR-106a-5p in breast cancer cells. Besides, miR-106a-5p induced ferroptosis by targeting signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in the system. Moreover, the overexpression of STAT3 and miR-106a-5p inhibitor could reverse circRHOT1 knockdown-mediated breast cancer progression. Functionally, circRHOT1 promoted the tumor growth of breast cancer in vivo. In conclusion, we discovered that circRHOT1 contributed to malignant progression and attenuated ferroptosis in breast cancer by the miR-106a-5p/STAT3 axis. Our finding provides new insights into the mechanism by which circRHOT1 promotes the development of breast cancer. CircRHOT1 and miR-106a-5p may serve as potential targets for breast cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Ferroptose/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
17.
Brain Res ; 1752: 147278, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422533

RESUMO

Silent brain infarction is a special type of cerebral infarction, which can be detected by MRI or CT. The most patients with silent brain infarction show no symptoms, but some have mild depression, vascular dementia and other symptoms that are easily overlooked. Silent brain infarction is one of the risk factors for symptomatic cerebral infarction, it can develop into symptomatic cerebral infarction placing a heavy burden on families and society. Therefore, it's prevention and treatment should be as important as symptomatic cerebral infarction. However, the pathogenesis of silent brain infarction has not been elucidated. Studies have shown that silent brain infarction models have been established in rats and mice. But compared with other animals, non-human primates are more similar to humans in neuroanatomical structure and clinical characteristics. Therefore, this study is the first time to explore the silent brain infarction model in cynomolgus macaques. In this study, a model of silent brain infarction was established by endovascular intervention using balloon occlusion at the end of internal carotid artery for 45 min, which can lay a foundation for the future research on the pathological mechanism of silent brain infarction.

18.
J Glob Health ; 11: 08011, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35003718

RESUMO

Background: Alcohol use disorders (AUD) has long been one of the most disability mental disorders and a major cause of health loss. Methods: Based on open access data from the 2019 Global Burden of Disease (GBD 2019) study, we extracted data of years lived with disability (YLD), years of life lost (YLL) and disability-adjusted life years (DALY) to describe the changes of AUD burden over the period of 1990-2019 stratified by sex in globe, high-income countries (HICs), upper-middle income countries (UMCs), lower-middle income countries (LMCs), low-income countries (LICs) and China. We used Joinpoint regression model to fit the changing trend of years. And pairwise comparison was applied to test the coincidence parallelism and judge whether the difference of the trend among different regions is statistically significant. Results: LMCs experienced the largest changes in the YLD rate of AUD from 1990 to 2019 (average annual percent change (AAPC) = -0.7, 95% confidence interval (CI) = -0.8, -0.7, P < 0.05), with China experienced a higher increase in 1990 to 1993 (annual percent change (APC) = 3.8, 95% CI = 3.2, 4.4, P < 0.05) than other regions, and the rate of decline in China from 1996 to 2002 (APC = -3.4, 95% CI = -3.6, -3.1, P < 0.05) was higher than that in other regions. UMCs experienced the largest changes in the YLL rate of AUD from 1990 to 2019 (AAPC = -1.1, 95% CI = -1.6, -0.6, P < 0.05), with a larger decline in 2004 to 2012 (APC = -6.2, 95% CI = -6.7, -5.7, P < 0.05) than other regions, and China experienced a larger increase in the rate of YLL from 1999 to 2004 (APC = 9.2, 95% CI = 8.5, 9.9, P < 0.05) than other regions. LMCs experienced the largest changes in the DALY rate of AUD from 1990 to 2019 (AAPC = -0.9, 95% CI = -1.0, -0.8, P < 0.05), with a larger decline in 2006 to 2010 (APC = -3.3, 95% CI = -3.6, -2.9, P < 0.05) than other regions, and UMCs showed a larger increase in the rate of DALY from 1990 to 1994 (APC = 4.5, 95% CI = 3.8, 5.1, P < 0.05) than other regions. Conclusions: Given the large variations in AUD burden of disease by income level, future strategies to prevent and reduce the burden should be developed and implemented based on country-specific development status.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo , China/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Anos de Vida Ajustados pela Incapacidade , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
19.
Front Genet ; 11: 602542, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33381151

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common types of malignancy and is associated with high mortality. Prior research suggests that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a crucial role in the development of HCC. Therefore, it is necessary to identify lncRNA-associated therapeutic biomarkers to improve the accuracy of HCC prognosis. Transcriptomic data of HCC obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database were used in the present study. Differentially expressed RNAs (DERNAs), including 74 lncRNAs, 16 miRNAs, and 35 mRNAs, were identified using bioinformatics analysis. The DERNAs were subsequently used to reconstruct a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network. A lncRNA signature was revealed using Cox regression analysis, including LINC00200, MIR137HG, LINC00462, AP002478.1, and HTR2A-AS1. Kaplan-Meier plot demonstrated that the lncRNA signature is highly accurate in discriminating high- and low-risk patients (P < 0.05). The area under curve (AUC) value exceeded 0.7 in both training and validation cohort, suggesting a high prognostic potential of the signature. Furthermore, multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that both the TNM stage and the lncRNA signature could serve as independent prognostic factors for HCC (P < 0.05). Then, a nomogram comprising the TNM stage and the lncRNA signature was determined to raise the accuracy in predicting the survival of HCC patients. In the present study, we have introduced a ceRNA network that could contribute to provide a new insight into the identification of potential regulation mechanisms for the development of HCC. The five-lncRNA signature could serve as a reliable biosignature for HCC prognosis, while the nomogram possesses strong potential in clinical applications.

20.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 430, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aimed to compare the effects of prasugrel and ticagrelor on high (HTPR) and low on-treatment platelet reactivity (LTPR) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Eligible studies were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. HTPR and LTPR were evaluated on the basis of the vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein platelet reactivity index (VASP-PRI) and P2Y12 reaction units (PRUs). HTPR and LTPR were analyzed using risk ratios (RRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% CI were used to calculate the pooled effect size of platelet reactivity (PR). RESULTS: Fourteen eligible studies were obtained, which included 2629 patients treated with ticagrelor (n = 1340) and prasugrel (n = 1289). The pooled results showed that the prasugrel-treated patients had higher platelet reactivity than the ticagrelor-treated patients (PRU: WMD = - 32.26; 95% CI: - 56.48 to - 8.76; P < 0.01; VASP-PRI: WMD = - 9.61; 95% CI: - 14.63 to - 4.60; P = 0.002). No significant difference in HTPR based on PRU was identified between the ticagrelor and prasugrel groups (P = 0.71), whereas a lower HTPR based on VASP-PRI was found in the ticagrelor-treated patients than in the prasugrel-treated patients (RR = 0.30; 95% CI: 0.12-0.75; P = 0.010). In addition, the results showed a lower LTPR was observed in the prasugrel group than in the ticagrelor group (RR = 1.40; 95% CI: 1.08-1.81; P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Prasugrel might enable higher platelet reactivity than ticagrelor. Ticagrelor could lead to a decrease in HTPR and increase in LTPR. However, this result was only obtained in pooled observational studies. Several uncertainties such as the nondeterminancy of the effectiveness of ticagrelor estimated using VASP-PRI or the definition of HTPR (a high or modifiable risk factor) might have affected our results.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/uso terapêutico , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Idoso , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfoproteínas/sangue , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Testes de Função Plaquetária , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/efeitos adversos , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/efeitos adversos , Receptores Purinérgicos P2Y12/sangue , Receptores Purinérgicos P2Y12/efeitos dos fármacos , Ticagrelor/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
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