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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(40): e27410, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622847

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The results of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleic acid as one of the criteria has been widely applied to assess whether the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients could discharge, however, the risk factors that affect the duration of the SARS-CoV-2 clearance remained to be an enigma. Our research was to identify risk factors correlated with prolonged duration of the SARS-CoV-2 clearance in moderate COVID-19 patients.We retrospectively analyzed 279 consecutive ordinary COVID-19 patients in 3 hospitals in Hubei province including Huangshi Hospital of Infectious Disease, Wuhan Thunder God Mountain Hospital, and Tongji Hospital. Eight clinical characters were contained as risk factors. We used a logistic regression model and nomogram to assess the possibility that the SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid may turn negative in 14 days.Time from symptoms onset to diagnosis (odds ratio [OR] = 3.18; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.56-6.46; P = .001), time from onset use of antiviral drugs to onset of symptoms (OR = 0.41; 95% CI 0.23-0.72; P = .02), and bacterial coinfection (OR = 0.07; 95% CI 0.01-0.86; P = .038) were independent risks factors for the duration of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid clearance. The regression model showed good accuracy and sensitivity (area under the curve  = 0.96). Nomogram was also provided to predict the negative conversion rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acids within 14 days.Time from symptoms onset to diagnosi, time from onset use of antiviral drugs to onset of symptoms, and bacterial coinfection were independent risk factors for the time of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid turning negative in ordinary COVID-19 patients. However, the age, gender, underlying disease, fungal coinfection, and duration use of antiviral drugs were irrelevant factors.

2.
FASEB J ; 35(9): e21332, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423867

RESUMO

Emerging research has highlighted the capacity of microRNA-23a-3p (miR-23a-3p) to alleviate inflammatory pain. However, the molecular mechanism by which miR-23a-3p attenuates inflammatory pain is yet to be fully understood. Hence, the current study aimed to elucidate the mechanism by which miR-23a-3p influences inflammatory pain. Bioinformatics was initially performed to predict the inflammatory pain related downstream targets of miR-23a-3p in macrophage-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs). An animal inflammatory pain model was established using Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA). The miR-23a-3p expression was downregulated in the microglia of CFA-induced mice, after which the inflammatory factors were determined by ELISA. FISH and immunofluorescence were performed to analyze the co-localization of miR-23a-3p and microglia. Interestingly, miR-23a-3p was transported to the microglia via M2 macrophage-EVs, which elevated the mechanical allodynia and the thermal hyperalgesia thresholds in mice model. The miR-23a-3p downstream target, USP5, was found to stabilize HDAC2 via deubiquitination to promote its expression while inhibiting the expression of NRF2. Taken together, the key findings of the current study demonstrate that macrophage-derived EVs containing miR-23a-3p regulates the HDAC2/NRF2 axis by decreasing USP5 expression to alleviate inflammatory pain, which may provide novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of inflammatory pain.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilase 2/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Macrófagos/citologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Dor/metabolismo , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Enzimas Desubiquitinantes/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação para Baixo , Estabilidade Enzimática , Vesículas Extracelulares/genética , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/terapia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/citologia , Microglia/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Dor/genética , Manejo da Dor , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina/genética , Ubiquitinação
3.
Trials ; 22(1): 476, 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34294144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is continuously and rapidly circulating, resulting in serious and extensive effects on human health. Due to the absence of antiviral medicine for COVID-19 thus far, there is a desperate need to develop effective medicine. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been widely applied in the treatment of epidemic diseases in China, with the aim of achieving clinical efficacy and decreasing the use of antibiotics and glucocorticoids. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Baidu Jieduan granules in treating COVID-19. METHODS/DESIGN: This multicentre, open-label, randomized controlled trial will be conducted in 300 patients with COVID-19. The patients will be randomly (1:1) divided into a treatment group and a control group. All patients will receive standard therapy at the same time. Patients in the experimental group will receive Baidu Jieduan granule treatment twice a day for 14 days. The outcomes will be assessed at baseline and at 3, 5, 7 and 14 days after treatment initiation. The primary outcome will be the rate of symptom (fever, fatigue and coughing) recovery. Adverse events (AEs) will be monitored throughout the trial. DISCUSSION: The study will provide high-quality clinical evidence to support the efficacy and safety of Baidu Jieduan granules in the treatment of moderate COVID-19, and enrich the theory and practice of TCM in treating COVID-19. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR2000029869 . Registered on 15 February 2020.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , China , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(51): e23874, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371175

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The outbreak of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused a global pandemic since December 2020. It has not only associated with physiological disorder but also with psychological distress and symptoms of mental illness. Whether the vaccines and antivirals can provide protects remains unknown. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is recommended as an alternative and significant way of preventing and treating COVID-19 in China. However, few studies have assessed the benefits of this treatment and mental health after they recover. Our study is designed to investigate effects and safety when using TCM on the course of this disease and the impact of COVID-19 on pandemic-related anxiety. METHOD: For this prospective cohort study, we will enroll 300 COVID-19 patients aged 18 to 80 years at 4 centers. We divide them into 2 groups, according to whether they use Baidu Jieduan Granule at a ratio of 1:1. We will compare treatments combined Baidu Jieduan Granule with conventional Western medicine (experimental group) vs treatment of conventional Western medicine only (control group). The basic information of patients including demographic, general condition, primary diseases, and complications will be assessed. Related examines will be conducted at 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14 days. The primary outcomes are clinical outcome. A follow-up time of 1 year (to June 30, 2021) allow us to evaluate the psychiatric disorder after recovery. We will monitor adverse events throughout the trial. DISCUSSION: It will be the first prospective cohort study which uses Baidu Jieduan Granule, based on the innovation traditional Chinese medicine strategy of " Internal and External Relieving -Truncated Torsion " to treat the common type of COVID-19. The result of this study may provide evidence-based recommendations of TCM for treatment and psychological distress or symptoms of mental illness of the common type of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos
5.
Nanoscale ; 12(15): 8330-8343, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236269

RESUMO

Considerable efforts have been undertaken in the domain of air quality management for the removal of hazardous volatile organic compounds, particularly carbonyl compounds (CCs). In this study, the competitive sorptive removal of six CCs (namely, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, propionaldehyde, butyraldehyde, isovaleraldehyde, and valeraldehyde) was assessed using selected metal-organic frameworks (MOFs: MOF-5, MOF-199, UiO-66, and UiO-66-NH2) and inexpensive commercial activated carbon as a reference sorbent. The sorption experiments were conducted using a mixture of the six CCs (formaldehyde and acetaldehyde at ∼1 Pa and propionaldehyde, butyraldehyde, isovaleraldehyde, and valeraldehyde at ∼0.2 Pa) together with 15 Pa water and 2.6 Pa methanol in 1 bar nitrogen. For all of the carbonyl compounds other than formaldehyde, MOF-199 showed the best 10% breakthrough performance ranging from 34 L g-1 and 0.14 mol kg-1 Pa-1 for acetaldehyde to 1870 L g-1 and 7.6 mol kg-1 Pa-1 for isovaleraldehyde. Among all the sorbents tested, UiO-66-NH2 exhibited the best 10% breakthrough performance metrics towards the lightest formaldehyde which remains to be one of the most difficult targets for sorptive removal (breakthrough volume: 285 L g-1 and partition coefficient: 1.1 mol kg-1 Pa-1). Theoretical density functional theory (DFT)-based computations were also conducted to provide better insights into the adsorbate-adsorbent interactions. Accordingly, the magnitude of adsorption energy increased with an increase in the CC molar mass due to an enhancement in the synergetic interaction between C[double bond, length as m-dash]O groups (in adsorbate molecules) and the MOF active centers (open metallic centers and/or NH2 functionality) as the adsorbent. Such interactions were observed to result in strong distortion of MOF structures. In contrast, weak van der Waals attraction between the hydrocarbon "tail" of CC molecules and MOF linkers were seen to play a stabilizing role for the sorbent structure. The presence of the NH2 group in the MOF structure was suspected to play a key role in capturing lighter CCs, while such an effect was less prominent for heavier CCs. Overall, the results of this study provided a basis for the establishment of an effective strategy to enhance the sorption capacity of MOFs against diverse carbonyl species.

6.
Microorganisms ; 8(3)2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150839

RESUMO

Fusarium asiaticum belongs to one of the phylogenetical subgroups of the F. graminearum species complex and is epidemically predominant in the East Asia area. The life cycle of F. asiaticum is significantly regulated by light. In this study, the fungal blue light receptor white collar complex (WCC), including FaWC1 and FaWC2, were characterized in F. asiaticum. The knockout mutants ΔFawc1 and ΔFawc2 were generated by replacing the target genes via homologous recombination events. The two mutants showed similar defects in light-induced carotenoid biosynthesis, UV-C resistance, sexual fruiting body development, and the expression of the light-responsive marker genes, while in contrast, all these light responses were characteristics in wild-type (WT) and their complementation strains, indicating that FaWC1 and FaWC2 are involved in the light sensing of F. asiaticum. Unexpectedly, however, the functions of Fawc1 and Fawc2 diverged in regulating virulence, as the ΔFawc1 was avirulent to the tested host plant materials, but ΔFawc2 was equivalent to WT in virulence. Moreover, functional analysis of FaWC1 by partial disruption revealed that its light-oxygen-voltage (LOV) domain was required for light sensing but dispensable for virulence, and its Zinc-finger domain was required for virulence expression but not for light signal transduction. Collectively, these results suggest that the conserved fungal blue light receptor WCC not only endows F. asiaticum with light-sensing ability to achieve adaptation to environment, but it also regulates virulence expression by the individual component FaWC1 in a light-independent manner, and the latter function opens a way for investigating the pathogenicity mechanisms of this important crop disease agent.

7.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2815, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867004

RESUMO

ERα, one of the classical receptors of estrogen, has been found to be abnormally up-regulated in patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), which is an important factor leading to ductopenia. ERα-mediated signaling pathways are involved in proliferation of human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cells (HiBECs) and portal inflammation. Our previous studies have shown that the expression levels of ERα in the liver tissues of PBC patients are positively correlated with the levels of serum pro-inflammatory cytokines. The present study was designed to assess the relationship between abnormal ERα expression in small bile ducts and the progression of PBC. We examined the levels of multiple cytokines and analyzed their relationship with clinical parameters of livers functions in a cohort of 43 PBC patients and 45 healthy controls (HC). The levels of ERα expression and the relation with the levels of cytokines were further assessed. The localization of cytokines and ERα-mediated signaling pathways in liver were examined using immunohistochemistry. The possible underlying mechanisms of these alterations in PBC were explored in vitro. Our results demonstrated that the levels of IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α were increased in PBC patients, and positively correlated with the serum AKP levels and ERα expression levels. Moreover, the expression of these cytokines were up-regulated in HiBECs that were stimulated with 17ß-estradiol and PPT (an ERα agonist) and they also were positive in intrahepatic bile duct of PBC patients. The ERα-mediated expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines was induced by JNK, P38, and STAT3 phosphorylation in HiBECs. In addition, the CD54 expression was increased in HiBECs after ERα activation, which induced peripheral blood monouclear cells (PBMCs) recruitment. In conclusion, the present study highlighted a key role of abnormal ERα expression in inducing an inflammatory phenotype of HiBECs, which was critical in the development of inflammation and damage in small bile duct.


Assuntos
Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Colangite/etiologia , Colangite/metabolismo , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Biomarcadores , Células Cultivadas , Colangite/patologia , Citocinas/sangue , Citocinas/metabolismo , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 666: 490-498, 2019 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30802664

RESUMO

Studies have indicated that plant litter diversity can affect litter decomposition at both species diversity and genotypic diversity level within a species. However, the essence and relative importance of these two diversity levels on litter decomposition remain unknown. Here, two independent one-factor experiments, litter species diversity and litter genotypic diversity of the dominant species-Stipa grandis, were carried out to explore the effects of initial litter quality, litter composition and diversity on decomposition of mass, nitrogen (N), carbon (C) and phosphorus (P) simultaneously. The results showed that: (1) there were significant relationships between the initial litter N, C/N, lignin/N and the decomposition rate of N, between the initial litter P, N/P and the decomposition rate of P, and the litter composition significantly influenced litter mass, N, C and P remaining in both litter species and genotypic diversity experiments; and (2) litter species diversity significantly affected litter mass, N, C and P remaining, and non-additive relative mixture effects were mainly contributed by synergistic effects especially in 6-species mixtures; however, similar patterns were not found in litter genotypic diversity experiment. The present results emphasized that initial litter quality played the most important role in influencing litter decomposition of mass N, C and P, and suggested that litter species mixtures rather than litter genotypic mixtures of a dominant species could favor nutrient cycling in ecosystem of the semi-arid Inner Mongolia Steppe of China.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Pradaria , Poaceae/genética , China , Genótipo , Plantas , Poaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
9.
J Cancer ; 9(21): 3991-3999, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30410604

RESUMO

Background: Sensitive and specific non-invasive biomarkers are urgently needed in order to improve the survival of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), which is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death. We aim to identify serum hub miRNAs as potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for PDAC. Methods: A total of 2578 serum miRNA expression data from 88 PDAC patients and 19 healthy subjects were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was constructed and significant modules were extracted from the network by WGCNA R package. Network modules and hub miRNAs closely related to PDAC were identified. The prognostic value of hub miRNAs was assessed by Kaplan-Meier overall survival analysis. Results: Two modules strongly associated with PDAC were identified by WGCNA, which were labeled as turquoise and brown respectively. Within each module, twenty hub miRNAs were found. At the functional level, turquoise module was mainly associated with tumorigenesis pathways such as P53 and WNT signaling pathway, while the brown module was mostly related to the pathways of cancer such as RNA transport and MAPK signaling pathway. Utilizing overall survival analyses, five "real" miRNAs were able to stratify PDAC patients into low-risk and high-risk groups. Conclusions: The association of specific Hub miRNAs with the development of pancreatic cancer was established by WGCNA analysis. Five miRNAs (mir-16-2-3p, mir-890, mir-3201, mir-602, and mir-877) were identified as potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for PDAC.

10.
Environ Sci Technol ; 52(21): 12235-12243, 2018 11 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30339022

RESUMO

Fluorinated methylsiloxanes are modified methylsiloxanes and include tris(trifluoropropyl)trimethylcyclotrisiloxane (D3F) and tetrakis(trifluoropropyl)tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4F). Here, we report fluorinated methylsiloxanes (D3F and D4F) in surface water and sediment samples collected near a fluorinated methylsiloxane manufacturing plant in Weihai, China. The concentrations of D3F and D4F in surface water ranged from 3.29-291 ng/L and from 7.02-168 ng/L, respectively. The concentrations of D3F and D4F in sediment ranged from 11.8-5478 ng/g and from 17.2-6277 ng/g, respectively. In simulation experiment, the half-lives of D3F and D4F at different pH values (5.2, 6.4, 7.2, 8.3, and 9.2) varied from 80.6-154 h and from 267-533 h, respectively. CF3(CH2)2MeSi(OH)2 was identified as one of the main hydrolysis products of fluorinated methylsiloxanes. It was also detected in the river samples at concentrations of 72.1-182.9 ng/L. In addition, the slow rearrangement of D3F (spiked concentration = 500 ng/L) to D4F (concentration = 11.0-22.7 ng/L) was also found during 336h hydrolysis experiment.


Assuntos
Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Instalações Industriais e de Manufatura
11.
Environ Res ; 166: 324-333, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29909173

RESUMO

The effect of flavors on carbonyl compound (CC) emission factors (EF) from electronic cigarettes (ECs) vaping was investigated at the default vaping (voltage) setting in all experiments using a total of 21 lab-made e-liquid samples (five different types of retail flavorant bases: beverage/dessert/fruit/mint/tobacco). Each flavorant base was added to a separate unflavored base composed of a 1:1 mixture of propylene glycol/vegetable glycerol (PG/VG) at four levels (5/10/30/50% (v/v)). The e-liquid CC levels increased linearly with flavorant base content, 1.3-10.5 times (R2: 0.762-0.999). The vaping CC EFs increased linearly with flavorant base content (if ≥ 10%) from 1.0 to 92 times (R2: 0.431-0.998). For flavorant base content of 0%, 5%, and 10%, the EFs ranged from undetected to 0.11 µg puff-1 (acetone). The 40-year cancer risk due to formaldehyde (70 kg EC user inhaling 5% flavorant base content e-liquid: 120 puffs day-1) is estimated to be 2.0E-06 (highest) compared to 1.0E-06 for the 1:1 PG:VG base. Most formaldehyde vaped from the fruit flavored e-liquid was the flavorant base. The CC concentrations in EC liquids (before vaping) were approximately linear with e-liquid flavorant base content. Retail e-liquid product information labels should be guided to provide a complete list of all ingredients, their concentrations, and carbonyl compound EFs.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina , Aromatizantes/análise , Formaldeído/análise , Propilenoglicol
12.
Hepatology ; 68(5): 1769-1785, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29704259

RESUMO

There is no effective treatment method for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common liver disease. The exact mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of NAFLD remains to be elucidated. Here, we report that tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated ubiquitous scaffolding and signaling protein (TRUSS) acts as a positive regulator of NAFLD and in a variety of metabolic disorders. TRUSS expression was increased in the human liver specimens with NAFLD or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, and in the livers of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced and genetically obese mice. Conditional knockout of TRUSS in hepatocytes significantly ameliorated hepatic steatosis, insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, and inflammatory responses in mice after HFD challenge or in spontaneous obese mice with normal chow feeding. All of these HFD-induced pathological phenotypes were exacerbated in mice overexpressing TRUSS in hepatocytes. We show that TRUSS physically interacts with the inhibitor of nuclear factor κB α (IκBα) and promotes the ubiquitination and degradation of IκBα, which leads to aberrant activation of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). Overexpressing IκBαS32A/S36A , a phosphorylation-resistant mutant of IκBα, in the hepatocyte-specific TRUSS overexpressing mice almost abolished HFD-induced NAFLD and metabolic disorders. Conclusion: Hepatocyte TRUSS promotes pathological stimuli-induced NAFLD and metabolic disorders, through activation of NF-κB by promoting ubiquitination and degradation of IκBα. Our findings may provide a strategy for the prevention and treatment of NAFLD by targeting TRUSS.


Assuntos
Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Canais de Cátion TRPC/metabolismo , Transativadores/metabolismo , Animais , Western Blotting , Citocinas/sangue , Hepatócitos/patologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imunoprecipitação , Resistência à Insulina/genética , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transdução de Sinais , Ubiquitinação
13.
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol ; 30(2): 201-206, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28560891

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to explore the expression and clinical significance of Foxp3 in colorectal tumor cells. An immunohistochemistry assay was used to detect the expression of Foxp3 in 173 cases of colorectal cancer. The relationship between the clinicopathological factors and the prognosis of colorectal cancer was analyzed. The rate of positive Foxp3 expression in tumor cells was 89.7%. There were no significant differences between cases with and without expression of Foxp3 with regard to sex, age, primary cancer sites, and distal metastasis. The expression of Foxp3 was negatively correlated with lymph node metastasis and pathological tumor, node, metastasis (pTNM) stage in tumor cells ( P < 0.05), which reflects the depth of invasion. Foxp3 expression also had a positive correlation with the degree of differentiation ( P < 0.01). A high level of Foxp3 expression was observed more often in tumor cells compared to tumor-surrounding tissues ( P = 0.003). High expression of Foxp3 was also associated with longer overall and disease-free survival ( P ⩽ 0.001). Foxp3 expression in colorectal cancer cells correlates with many clinicopathological characteristics; moreover, high expression of Foxp3 may be a promising potential prognostic factor for patients with colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico
14.
Chemotherapy ; 62(3): 181-186, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28334723

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to investigate the expression of transcription activating protein 4 (AP-4) in gastric cancer (GC) and its impacts on prognosis. METHODS: The cancer tissues and normal tissues of 54 GC patients were sampled for the expression detection of AP-4, and the patients were followed up. RESULTS: The positive expression rate of AP-4 in the cancer tissues (68.5%) was higher than the normal tissues (22.2%; p < 0.01). The lower the tumor differentiation degree and the deeper the invasion depth, the higher the expression rate of AP-4. The median survival time of the patients with positive AP-4 expression was significantly shorter than of those without AP-4 expression (26.3/41.3 months), and the accumulative survival rate of the former was also lower than the latter (χ2 = 4.736, p = 0.03). AP-4 was expressed in GC tissues and normal gastric tissues, with the expression in the former being higher. CONCLUSIONS: The expression of AP-4 was positively related with the tumor differentiation degree, invasion depth, lymph node metastasis, and pTNM stage, while it was not related with patient gender, age, tumor size, location, or distant metastasis. AP-4 might be used as an indicator for the prognosis prediction of GC.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
15.
Exp Ther Med ; 11(5): 1823-1826, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27168811

RESUMO

Erythromelalgia (EM) is a debilitating neurovascular disease that is refractory to numerous treatment modalities. The present study reported the case of a 72-year-old woman diagnosed with EM secondary to polycythemia vera (PV), who was effectively treated with the use of patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) and interferon α-2b therapy. The study aimed to provide clinical information on this condition based on the findings of the present case and previously-reported cases. PCEA containing local anesthetics and dexamethasone or fentanyl resulted in nearly complete relief of symptoms. Furthermore, continuous use of interferon α-2b for the treatment of the PV completely relieved the EM symptoms. In conclusion, PCEA and interferon α-2b may be promising treatments for EM secondary to PV.

16.
J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci ; 34(6): 801-807, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25480573

RESUMO

Stellate ganglion blockade (SGB) protects patients from focal cerebral ischemic injury, and transection of the cervical sympathetic trunk (TCST) in a rat model can mimic SGB in humans. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effects of TCST on neuronal damage in the hippocampus in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in an attempt to elucidate the neuroprotective effects of SGB. The modified method of Zea Longa was used to establish the permanent MCAO model. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham-operated group, MCAO group, and TCST group. The animals in TCST group were sacrificed 48 h after TCST which was performed after the establishment of the MCAO model. Proteins were extracted from the ipsilateral hippocampus and analyzed by two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) and peptide mass fingerprinting (PMF). The levels of N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF) were measured as well. The results showed that 11 types of proteins were identified by 2D-DIGE. The expressions of eight proteins were changed both in the sham-operated and TCST groups, and the expressions of the other three proteins were changed in all three groups. Moreover, the expression of NSF was higher in the TCST group than in the MCAO group but lower in the MCAO group than in sham-operated group. The ratio of NSF expression between the MCAO group and shamoperated group was -1.37 (P<0.05), whereas that between the TCST group and MCAO group was 1.35 (P<0.05). Our results imply that TCST increases the expression of NSF in the hippocampus of adult rats with focal cerebral ischemia, which may contribute to the protection of the injured brain. Our study provides a theoretical basis for the therapeutic application of SGB to patients with permanent cerebral ischemia.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas Sensíveis a N-Etilmaleimida/biossíntese , Gânglio Estrelado/metabolismo , Transfecção , Animais , Lesões Encefálicas/genética , Lesões Encefálicas/patologia , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Hipocampo/patologia , Masculino , Proteínas Sensíveis a N-Etilmaleimida/genética , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Gânglio Estrelado/patologia
18.
Chem Asian J ; 5(4): 932-40, 2010 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20198678

RESUMO

X- and H-shape two-dimensional (2D) conjugated oligomers (X- and H-mers) and relevant model compounds have been synthesized through the introduction of different conjugated segments at the 9,10 and 2,6-positions of anthracene, and their properties were studied in detail. Comparing with the model compounds, the X- and H-mers are featured with broader absorption spectra and narrower energy bandgaps. Computational studies on the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) also indicate that these X- and H-mers are 2D conjugated. Solution processed bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells with [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as the acceptor material exhibited the power conversion efficiency (PCE) up to 0.53 %.

19.
J Am Chem Soc ; 131(37): 13242-3, 2009 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19754184

RESUMO

A series of donor-acceptor (D-A) co-oligomers with oligo(fluorene-alt-bithiophene) and perylene diimide as donor and acceptor segments, respectively, have been designed and synthesized. They can self-assembly into alternating D-A lamellar nanostructured films with the periods depending on the molecular length. These films have been successfully used in fabrication of high-performance single-molecular solar cells with power conversion efficiency up to 1.50%.

20.
Chemistry ; 13(21): 6238-48, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17458837

RESUMO

A series of monodisperse oligo(9,9-di-n-octylfluorene-co-bithiophene)s (OFbTs) with molecular lengths of up to 19.5 nm and molecular weights up to 7025 g mol(-1) has been synthesized by a divergent/convergent approach involving Stille coupling reactions. Stille coupling is quite efficient in preparing this class of oligomers, and even the molecule with nine fluorene units and eight bithiophene units (F9Th16) can be synthesized in a yield as high as 70 %. Because of easy functionalization of the thiophene ring at its alpha position, no additional protecting group allowing activation for further reaction is necessary. However, the synthetic routes must be optimized to eliminate contamination of the targeting compounds with the homocoupling product of the organotin reagents. Synthesis of the longest oligomer F13Th24 in a relative large quantity is limited by its low yield due to the pronounced ligand-exchange side reactions of the starting materials and reaction intermediates. All oligomers longer than F4Th6 are nematic mesomorphs and exhibit enhanced glass transition temperature and clearing point with increasing molecular length, as revealed by differential scanning calorimetry and polarizing optical microscopy. Absorption and photoluminescence (PL) measurements reveal that OFbTs are well-conjugated systems with an effective conjugation length longer than the length of F13Th24.

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