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1.
Blood Adv ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507350

RESUMO

The primary analysis of the phase 3 ALCANZA trial showed significantly-improved objective responses lasting ≥4 months (ORR4; primary endpoint) and progression-free survival (PFS) with brentuximab vedotin vs physician's choice (methotrexate or bexarotene) in CD30-expressing mycosis fungoides (MF) or primary cutaneous anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (C-ALCL). Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas often cause pruritus and pain; brentuximab vedotin improved skin symptom burden with no negative effects on quality of life. We report final data from ALCANZA (median follow-up 45.9 months). Adults with previously treated CD30-expressing MF/C-ALCL were randomized to brentuximab vedotin (n = 64) or physician's choice (n = 64). Final data demonstrated improved responses per independent review facility with brentuximab vedotin vs physician's choice: ORR4, 54.7% vs 12.5% (P < .001); complete response, 17.2% vs 1.6% (P = .002). Median PFS with brentuximab vedotin vs physician's choice was 16.7 months vs 3.5 months (P< .001). Median time to next treatment was significantly longer with brentuximab vedotin than with physician's choice (14.2 vs 5.6 months; hazard ratio, 0.27; 95% CI, 0.17-0.42; P < .001). Of 44 patients in the brentuximab vedotin arm who experienced any-grade peripheral neuropathy (PN), (grade 3, n = 6; grade 4, n = 0), 86% (38/44) had complete resolution (26/44) or improvement to grade 1-2 (12/44). PN was ongoing in 18 patients (all grade 1-2). These final analyses confirm improved, clinically meaningful, durable responses and longer PFS with brentuximab vedotin vs physician's choice in CD30-expressing MF or C-ALCL. This trial was registered at https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01578499 as #NCT01578499.

2.
J Dermatolog Treat ; : 1-8, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409918

RESUMO

Available evidence to guide clinicians in the management of psoriasis patients with a history of malignancies is scarce. The latest generation of biological drugs is traditionally considered to be safe in patients with previous malignancy, although only case reports and short case series on the use of biological drugs in this population are available in the literature. In this paper, we present the experience of our clinic on 37 psoriatic patients with a previous diagnosis of neoplasia treated subsequently with biological drugs. Subsequently, a systematic review of the literature was performed and 38 cases were found. The main biologic used in our patients and the patients described in the literature was secukinumab. In both populations treatment with biologics was safe, disease progressions reported were not related to treatment. Based on our experience, which is the largest currently available, and the cases reported in the literature the treatment of psoriasis in patients with previously diagnosed cancer with biologics against TNFalpha, IL17, IL23, and IL12 would appear to be safe. The first experience on the use of Risankizumab and brodalumab on this special population is also reported in our series.

3.
Eur J Dermatol ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34463277

RESUMO

Mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) with anti-laminin 332 autoantibodies may be associated with malignancies, however, current serological assays have considerable limitations. At present, no commercial test for anti-laminin 332 antibodies is available, restricting the diagnosis to specialized laboratories worldwide. Biochip immunofluorescence microscopy has shown promising results in selected cohorts of laminin 332-MMP patients. Objectives: To detect anti-laminin 332 antibodies by biochip immunofluorescence microscopy in a real-life cohort of MMP patients and compare the results with those from traditional immunoblotting. Sera were obtained from 31 patients with MMP, 28 with bullous pemphigoid, five with pemphigus vulgaris, five with paraneoplastic pemphigus, five with linear IgA bullous dermatosis, and 10 controls, and analysed by biochip immunofluorescence using human cells expressing laminin 332. Immunoblotting was performed using purified laminin 332. MMP involved the oral mucosa in 65%, ocular mucosa in 9%, oral and ocular mucosae extensively in 13% as well as other mucosae in 13% of patients. Concomitant cutaneous involvement was reported in 35% of patients. Three MMP patients had an underlying malignancy. Anti-laminin 332 antibodies were detected in 2/31 (6%) cases by both methods. Based on immunoblotting, both laminin 332-positive sera reacted with α3 chain (in one case also with ß3 chain). Both patients with anti-laminin 332 antibodies had extensive mucosal involvement and only one had cancer. Anti-laminin 332 antibodies were not detected in control groups. Biochip immunofluorescence is an appropriate technique to detect anti-laminin 332 antibodies which should be tested in patients with MMP.

9.
Nat Rev Dis Primers ; 7(1): 61, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34446710

RESUMO

Primary cutaneous T cell lymphomas (CTCLs) are a heterogeneous group of lymphomas that present in the skin with no evidence of extracutaneous disease at the time of diagnosis. CTCL subtypes demonstrate a variety of clinical, histological, and molecular features, and can follow an indolent or a very aggressive course. The underlying pathogenetic mechanisms are not yet entirely understood. The pathophysiology of CTCL is complex and a single initiating factor has not yet been identified. Diagnosis is based on clinicopathological correlation and requires an interdisciplinary team. Treatment decision is made based on short-term and long-term goals. Therapy options comprise skin-directed therapies, such as topical steroids or phototherapy, and systemic therapies, such as monoclonal antibodies or chemotherapy. So far, the only curative treatment approach is allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Novel therapies, such as chimeric antigen receptor T cells, monoclonal antibodies or small molecules, are being investigated in clinical trials. Patients with CTCL have reduced quality of life and a lack of effective treatment options. Further research is needed to better identify the underlying mechanisms of CTCL development and course as well as to better tailor treatment strategies to individual patients.

10.
J Clin Med ; 10(14)2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34300213

RESUMO

Immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors significantly improves the outcome for stage III and IV melanoma. Cutaneous adverse events during treatment are often reported. We herein aim to review the principal pigmentation changes induced by immune check-point inhibitors: the appearance of vitiligo, the Sutton phenomenon, melanosis and hair and nail toxicities.

11.
J Dermatolog Treat ; : 1-6, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Real-life studies in psoriasis are lacking. Many monoclonal antibodies targeting tumor-necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin 17, and 23 are approved drugs for psoriasis treatment. OBJECTIVES: To compare the short and long-term efficacy, safety, and drug survival of anti TNF-alpha, anti-IL-17, and anti-IL-23 in a large case series. METHODS: Psoriasis area severity index (PASI) and retention rates for adalimumab, secukinumab, guselkumab, ixekizumab, and brodalumab were analised. RESULTS: A total of 263 patients were randomly selected among the five drugs register of the patients attending the Psoriasis Unit at the Turin University Hospital. The mean PASI at baseline was 14.3. Ixekizumab showed a significantly higher efficacy profile compared to other drugs in terms of PASI90 and PASI100 at week 12, 24, and week 48 even when adjusted for other confounding factors. This superiority was not followed by an expected higher drug survival. On the contrary, secukinumab was the only drug that showed a higher drug survival among bio-naïve patients.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The etiopathogenesis of MF remains obscure. CD27 is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily (TNFRS) that regulates lymphocyte function4. Expression of CD27 protein and mRNA has been reported in B-cell lymphomas5 and adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma6. In this study, we examined the expression of CD27 in the skin of MF patients by real time PCR. The amount of CD27 was measured in MF patients and healthy controls. METHODS: A total of 98 skin biopsies were analyzed: 12 obtained from healthy donors and 86 obtained Cryostatic sections OCT-embedded affected by MF. Relative quantification of mRNA CD27 expression was achieved by means of TaqMan amplification and normalization to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH). RESULTS: Housekeeping gene was detectable in all Skin samples and there isn't difference between healthy control and MF p value 0.1564. CD27 mRNA sequences were found in 3 of 12 (25%) of skin obtained from healthy donors and in 59 of 86 (68%) of skin obtained from Cryostatic sections OCT-embedded affected by MF. The chi-square statistic with Yates correction is 6.8413 and the p-value is 0.0089. When we compared the CD27 expression in MF and controls the RQ analysis show a value of 9.12±14.13. A RQ of 9.12 means that this gene is 9.12 times more expressed in MF skin samples then in the healthy skin samples. No difference were observed in the MF clustered by stages. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicates that CD27 can be used as diagnostic/prognostic markers, and whether anti-CD27 antibodies can be used in therapy.

14.
Clin Cancer Res ; 27(17): 4737-4745, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34112708

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Phase II trials have shown encouraging activity with ipilimumab plus fotemustine and ipilimumab plus nivolumab in melanoma brain metastases. We report the primary analysis and 4-year follow-up of the NIBIT-M2 study, the first phase III trial comparing these regimens with fotemustine in patients with melanoma with brain metastases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This phase III study recruited patients 18 years of age and older with BRAF wild-type or mutant melanoma, and active, untreated, asymptomatic brain metastases from nine centers, randomized (1:1:1) to fotemustine, ipilimumab plus fotemustine, or ipilimumab plus nivolumab. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). RESULTS: From January, 2013 to September, 2018, 27, 26, and 27 patients received fotemustine, ipilimumab plus fotemustine, and ipilimumab plus nivolumab. Median OS was 8.5 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 4.8-12.2] in the fotemustine arm, 8.2 months (95% CI, 2.2-14.3) in the ipilimumab plus fotemustine arm (HR vs. fotemustine, 1.09; 95% CI, 0.59-1.99; P = 0.78), and 29.2 months (95% CI, 0-65.1) in the ipilimumab plus nivolumab arm (HR vs. fotemustine, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.22-0.87; P = 0.017). Four-year survival rate was significantly higher for ipilimumab plus nivolumab than fotemustine [(41.0%; 95% CI, 20.6-61.4) vs. 10.9% (95% CI, 0-24.4; P = 0.015)], and was 10.3% (95% CI, 0-22.6) for ipilimumab plus fotemustine. In the fotemustine, ipilimumab plus fotemustine, and ipilimumab plus nivolumab arms, respectively, 11 (48%), 18 (69%), and eight (30%) patients had treatment-related grade 3 or 4 adverse events, without treatment-related deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with fotemustine, ipilimumab plus nivolumab significantly improved overall and long-term survival of patients with melanoma with asymptomatic brain metastases.

15.
Dermatology ; : 1-11, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Patients can be treated using chlormethine gel, a skin-directed therapy developed and approved for MF. In the randomized, controlled 201 trial, chlormethine gel was found to be noninferior to equal-strength chlormethine ointment. However, there remains a need to gain more insight into outcome measures after treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to further investigate the potential of chlormethine gel treatment through a novel post hoc analysis of the 201 trial data (NCT00168064). METHODS: Patients were randomized to chlormethine gel or ointment; response assessments included Composite Assessment of Index Lesion Severity (CAILS) and total body surface area (BSA). In this post hoc analysis, additional subgroup response analyses were performed for stage IA/IB-IIA MF. Very good partial response (75 to <100% improvement) was included as an additional response category. Time to response and overall response trends were determined. Finally, multivariate time-to-event analyses were performed to determine whether associations were observed between treatment frequency, response, and adverse events. RESULTS: Response rates were significantly higher for patients with stage IA MF for CAILS (intent-to-treat [p = 0.0014] and efficacy-evaluable [EE; p = 0.0036] populations) and BSA (EE population [p = 0.0488]) treated with gel versus ointment. Time to first CAILS response and response trends were better for all-stage gel-treated patients overall. No association was seen between treatment frequency and response or occurrence of adverse events at the following visit. An association was observed between the occurrence of contact dermatitis and improved clinical response at the next visit (p = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: This post hoc analysis shows that treatment with chlormethine gel may result in higher and faster response rates compared with chlormethine ointment, which confirms and expands results reported in the original analysis. The incidence of contact dermatitis may potentially be a prognostic indicator for clinical response; this needs to be confirmed in a larger population.

16.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 10555, 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34006952

RESUMO

Folliculotropic Mycosis Fungoides (FMF) is a rare variant of Mycosis Fungoides involving the scalp leading to alopecia. The clinical and trichoscopic features in 18 patients were analyzed and compared with the reports in the literature. Gender, age, disease stage, site of onset were taken into consideration. Clinical and trichoscopic analyses were performed on each patient. From a clinical point of view, Folliculotropic Mycosis Fungoides lesions involving the scalp presented as generalized alopecia (27.8%) or patchy-plaque alopecia (72.2%). Trichoscopic analysis revealed six most frequent features: single hair (83.3%), dotted dilated vessels (77.8%), broken-dystrophic hairs (66.7%), vellus hairs (61.1%), spermatozoa-like pattern vessels (55.6%), and yellow dots (55.6%). Additional identified trichoscopic patterns were dilation of follicular openings, scales-crusts, purpuric dots, short hair with split-end, pigtail hairs, perifollicular hyperkeratosis, milky-white globules, black dots, white dots/lines and absence of follicular dots. These trichoscopic features were further correlated to clinical presentations and stage of the disease. The rarity of the disease is a limitation. The relatively high number of patients allowed to identify several clinical and trichoscopic patterns that could be featured as specific or highly suspicious for FMF in order to consider trichoscopy as a complementary diagnostic approach and improve the differential diagnoses between FMF and other scalp disorders.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34037370

RESUMO

Mycosis fungoides (MF) is a rare neoplasm representing the most frequent form of primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Diagnosis of MF is generally complex, often requiring integration of clinical, histological, immunophenotypic and molecular data. Currently, there are no epidemiological data supported by registries or local studies on MF in Italy. Moreover, the clinical management of MF in Italy is heterogeneous, and differs according to the geographical area and experience of the physician who manages the disease. Considering the uncertainties in the current scenario for MF in Italy, a consensus project involving experts on CTCL was initiated to define the epidemiological impact of MF and obtain information about the current diagnostic and therapeutic pathway of this disease in Italy. The prevalence of MF in Italy was estimated to be 6,800 patients, 4,900 of whom with early stage of disease; the estimated incidence ranged between 270 and 330 new cases per year. Among the clinical figures involved in the multidisciplinary management of MF, dermatologists were recognised as a reference point for both diagnosis and therapeutic decisions. These findings suggest the importance of monitoring both the disease and its management; it is, therefore, interesting to set up regional registries for monitoring and recognition of rare tumor status for MF. The results further indicate the need to train physicians to favour more rapid diagnosis and simplify the pathway for referring patients to reference centres with adequate diagnostic and treatment standards. In light of the forthcoming introduction of new therapies, the development of a nationwide PDTA (Path of Diagnostic Therapeutic Care, in Italian defined as Percorso Diagnostico-Terapeutico Assistenziale) is also of substantial importance.

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