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1.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 4460, 2018 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29535394

RESUMO

In this study, No.Ganpi4 of barley was steeped and malted to investigate the changes of phenolic compounds during malting process. The free phenolic extract from raw barley (FPEB) was analyzed by HPLC and predominant compounds were (+)-catechin, protocatechuate and quercetin. The FPEB was evaluated for hepatoprotective effect in vivo and in vitro. Intragastric administration of FPEB (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg/bw) to mice significantly weakened the effects of hepatic damage induced by CCl4 toxicity on serum markers, including serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, total-bilirubin, total cholesterol and total triglycerides. FPEB administration also increased the hepatic levels of antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase. Histopathological examinations further confirmed that FPEB could protect the liver from CCl4-induced damage. In vitro, the experimental results demonstrated that FPEB could reduce BRL hepatocyte apoptosis and damage induced by CCl4. These results suggest that FPEB exerts an effective protection for hepatic injury, and barley has the potential as a functional food to prevent hepatic injury.

2.
Food Chem ; 170: 394-400, 2015 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25306362

RESUMO

The effect of three processing units (blanching, enzyme liquefaction, pasteurisation) on chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of carrot juice essential oil was investigated in this paper. A total of 36 compounds were identified by GC-MS from fresh carrot juice essential oil. The main constituents were carotol (20.20%), sabinene (12.80%), ß-caryophyllene (8.04%) and α-pinene (6.05%). Compared with the oil of fresh juice, blanching and pasteurisation could significantly decrease the components of the juice essential oil, whereas enzyme liquefaction had no considerable effect on the composition of juice essential oil. With regard to the antimicrobial activity, carrot juice essential oil could cause physical damage and morphological alteration on microorganisms, while the three different processing units showed noticeable differences on the species of microorganisms, the minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration. Results revealed that the carrot juice essential oil has great potential for application as a natural antimicrobial applied in pharmaceutical and food industries.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Daucus carota/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia
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